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Raffa Salvatore - - 2012
The keratinocyte growth factor (KGF/FGF7), produced by stromal cells, is a key paracrine mediator of epithelial proliferation, differentiation and migration. Expression of the growth factor is increased in wound healing and in hyperproliferative epithelial diseases, as a consequence of the activation of dermal fibroblasts by the inflammatory microenvironment. The middle ...
Shi Danni - - 2012
Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored 123-aa protein related to the cell-proliferation inhibition and/or cell-death induction activity. Many studies had reported the role of PSCA rs2294008 C > T and rs2976392 G > A polymorphisms on gastric cancer risk. To investigate a more precise estimation of the relationships, ...
Mannion A F - - 2012
The last few decades have witnessed a paradigm shift in the assessment of outcome in spine surgery, with patient-centred questionnaires superseding traditional surgeon-based assessments. The assessment of complications after surgery and their impact on the patient has not enjoyed this same enlightened approach. This study sought to quantify the incidence ...
Mandal Sukhendu - - 2012
The divergently transcribed sulfur oxidation (sox) operon of a sulfur chemolithotrophs, Pseudaminobacter salicylatoxidans KCT001, comprising sox TRS-VW-XYZABCD, is regulated by a repressor (SoxR). SoxR binds to two disparate operators, sv (present in between soxS and soxV) and wx (present in between soxW and soxX). Here we report details of the ...
Chang Daniel T - - 2012
Recent literature suggests an increasing incidence of colorectal carcinoma in young patients. We performed a histologic, molecular, and immunophenotypic analysis of patients with sporadic early-onset (≤40 years of age) colorectal carcinoma seen at our institution from the years 2000-2010 and compared these tumors to a cohort of consecutively resected colorectal ...
KvíĨalová Magdalena - - 2012
Using several extraction methods including the QuEChERS approach, samples of both model and natural sediments were prepared. For the isolation of the target group of pesticides, two variants of two complementary extractions had to be used. Resulting extracts were analysed with LC/MS/MS. Selected methods furnishing the best results were validated ...
Kim Suk Min - - 2012
Thermoplasma acidophilum utilizes L: -rhamnose as a sole carbon source. To determine the metabolic pathway of L: -rhamnose in Archaea, we identified and characterized L: -rhamnose dehydrogenase (RhaD) in T. acidophilum. Ta0747P gene, which encodes the putative T. acidophilum RhaD (Ta_RhaD) enzyme belonging to the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family, was expressed ...
Shea Kevin G - - 2012
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is thought to be an acquired osteochondral disorder, and its aetiology may be multifactorial. Trauma, both acute and repetitive events, has previously been proposed as a potential cause for OCD development. We present two cases of skeletally immature boys who developed a symptomatic OCD lesion following a ...
Salahshur Sara - - 2012
The concentrations of Zn, Cd and Pb were determined in tissues (shell and soft tissue) of 144 of bivalve mollusks (Solen brevis) and 15 samples of surface sediment collected from three locations in intertidal zones of Bushehr coast, Persian Gulf, Iran in May 2011. The mean concentrations of Zn, Cd ...
Santos Wanderson Praxedes - - 2012
Context: Erythrina velutina (EV) Willd (Fabaceae-Faboideae) is a medicinal tree that is commonly used in Brazil for the treatment of several central nervous system disorders. Objective: The anticholinesterase activity of EV is described in this work. Methods: Concentration-response curves (0-1.6 mg/mL) for EV leaf aqueous extract (AE) and alkaloid-rich extracts (AKEs) ...
Cui Gaofeng G Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
The LOTUS or OST-HTH domain is a recently discovered motif of about 80 amino acids and is found in several germline-specific proteins including the Tudor domain-containing proteins TDRD5 and TDRD7, which are important for germ cell development. The LOTUS domain is an RNA binding domain but its exact function is ...
Andrioli Willian J - - 2012
Eugenitin, a chromone derivative and a metabolite of the endophyte Mycoleptodiscus indicus, at 5 mM activated a recombinant GH11 endo-xylanase by 40 %. The in silico prediction of ligand-binding sites on the three-dimensional structure of the endo-xylanase revealed that eugenitin interacts mainly by a hydrogen bond with a serine residue and a ...
Hashino Masanori - - 2012
The mechanisms of abortion and sterility induced by bacterial infection are largely unknown. In the present study, we found that Brucella abortus, a causative agent of brucellosis and facultative intracellular pathogen, caused sterility in pregnant mice. We have recently established a mouse model for abortion induced by B. abortus infection ...
Kondo Kazuhiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) is high after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: We divided 116 consecutive patients who underwent PD into an early group (n = 58) and a later group (n = 58) according to time of surgery. In both groups, endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage was mainly employed for the patients ...
Omar Maizatul Hasyima - - 2012
Male Sprague-Dawley rats ingested 140 x 106 dpm of [3-14C]trans-caffeic acid and over the ensuing 72 h period body tissues, plasma, urine and feces were collected, the overall levels of radioactivity determined. Where sufficient radioactivity had accumulated samples were analysed by HPLC with on-line radioactivity and tandem mass spectrometric detection. ...
Robb Jane - - 2012
Although the hypersensitive reaction in foliar plant diseases has been extensively described, little is clear regarding plant defense strategies in vascular wilt diseases affecting numerous economically important crops and trees. We have examined global genetic responses to Verticillium wilt in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) plants differing in Ve1 resistance alleles. ...
Toda Masahiro - - 2012
Salivary chromogranin A (CgA) levels and salivary flow rates were measured to evaluate the stress relief effect of laughter on the young and the elderly. Thirty healthy volunteers (15 aged 20-25 years; 15 aged 62-83 years) performed a serial arithmetic task for 15 min and then watched a comedy video for 30 min. On ...
Gojnic Miroslava - - 2012
Objective: Evaluation of adjuvant insulin therapy effects on glycemic control, perinatal outcome and postpuerperal glucose tolerance in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) pregnant women who failed to achieve desired glycemic control by dietary regime. Methods: A total of 280 participants were classified in two groups: Group A patients continued with dietary ...
Chang Seung-Hee - - 2012
Osteopontin (OPN) serves as an indicator of resistance to radiotherapy. However, the role of OPN in the development of acquired radioresistance in human lung cancer cells has not yet been fully elucidated. Therefore, the potential importance of OPN as a marker of lung cancer with a potential significant role in ...
Zinkernagel Rolf M - - 2012
So-called 'immunological memory' is, in my view, a typical example where a field of enquiry, i.e. to understand long-term protection to survive reexposure to infection, has been overtaken by 'l'art pour l'art' of 'basic immunology'. The aim of this critical review is to point out some key differences between academic ...
Balestrini Raffaella - - 2012
A genome-wide inventory of proteins involved in cell wall synthesis and remodeling has been obtained by taking advantage of the recently released genome sequence of the ectomycorrhizal Tuber melanosporum black truffle. Genes that encode cell wall biosynthetic enzymes, enzymes involved in cell wall polysaccharide synthesis or modification, GPI-anchored proteins and ...
Colle Dirleise - - 2012
Context: Taraxacum officinale Weber (Asteraceae), known as dandelion, is used for medicinal purposes due to its choleretic, diuretic, antitumor, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and hepatoprotective properties. Objective: We sought to investigate the protective activity of T. officinale fruit extract against sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-induced decreased cellular viability and increased lipid peroxidation in the ...
Conceição Isabel - - 2012
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the extracellular deposition of transthyretin (TTR) fibrils in several tissues, particularly in the peripheral nervous system. The largest focus of the disease is in Portugal where the age of disease onset shows a wide range (17-78 years), with 80% ...
Abe Akira - - 2012
Seedling vigor is among the major determinants of stable stand establishment in direct-seeded rice (Oryza sativa L.) in temperate regions. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for seedling vigor were identified using 250 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between two japonica rice cultivars Kakehashi and Dunghan Shali. Seedling heights ...
Sacramento João - - 2012
In this study, we investigate from a computational perspective the efficiency of the Willshaw synaptic update rule in the context of familiarity discrimination, a binary-answer, memory-related task that has been linked through psychophysical experiments with modified neural activity patterns in the prefrontal and perirhinal cortex regions. Our motivation for recovering ...
Lehmann Teresa - - 2012
The coordination cage of the metal center in Fe(II)-bleomycin has been proposed to consist of the secondary amines in β-aminoalanine, the pyrimidinylpropionamide and imidazole rings, and the amide nitrogen in β-hydroxyhistidine as equatorial ligands, and the primary amine in β-aminoalanine and either the carbamoyl group in mannose or a solvent ...
Meermann Björn - - 2012
Method development and applications of hyphenated techniques as tools for speciation analysis of metal-based pharmaceuticals are summarized within this review. Advantages and limitations of the separation modes-high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), capillary electrophoresis (CE), and gas chromatography (GC)-as well as the detection modes-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry ...
Ahmed S - - 2012
For the last 60 years warfarin has been the cornerstone for chronic anticoagulation in prevention of ischemic strokes and systemic embolization. Warfarin therapy has several limitations including frequent monitoring and various food and significant drug interactions, which make it a less than ideal chronic oral anticoagulant. The continued search for ...
Liu Yi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between the expression of ZEB1 gene and the proliferation ability of lung adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, Western blot and Real-time PCR were used to detect the expression of ZEB1 gene in lung adenocarcinoma tissue and cell lines compared with adjacent noncancerous region and the human ...
Singh Gopal K - - 2012
We examine the impact of neighborhood social conditions and household socioeconomic status (SES) on the prevalence of parent-reported behavioral problems among US children aged 6-17 years. The 2007 National Survey of Children's Health was used to develop a factor analytic index and a dichotomous measure of serious behavioral problems (SBP) in ...
Hassepass Frederike - - 2012
To evaluate the image quality and clinical implementation after setting modification of a three-dimensional isocentric C-arm fluoroscopic image intensifier system combined with a digital flatpanel detector as a new tool for sinus and petrous bone surgery. Image acquisition was performed using two cadaveric heads. Experimental design was oriented to the ...
de la Oliva Pedro - - 2012
To determine if neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) improves asynchrony, ventilatory drive, breath-to-breath variability and COMFORT score when compared to pressure support (PS). This is a non-randomized short-term cross-over trial in which 12 pediatric patients with asynchrony (auto-triggering, double triggering or non-triggered breaths) were enrolled. Four sequential 10-min periods of ...
da Silveira Francisco das Chagas Abreu - - 2012
PURPOSE: Malignant gliomas are associated with alteration in EGF/EGFR signaling. Functional EGF+61A>G polymorphism is implicated with risk, recurrence, and progression of glioma. This study aimed to establish a putative association of EGF+61A>G with risk of glioma development, production of angiogenic growth factor EGF, and the response to perillyl alcohol administered ...
Sheng Shuai - - 2012
Context: Affinity chromatography is an efficient antibody, antigen and protein separation method based on the interaction between specific immobilized ligands and target antibody, antigen, and so on. Populations of available ligands can be used to separate antibodies or their Fab fragments. Similarly, antigens can be isolated by immunoaffinity chromatography (IAC) ...
König Matthias A - - 2012
The life span of cancer patients has improved due to advancements in cancer management. With long survival periods, more patients show metastatic disease. Osteolytic tumours of spine are generated by metastatic deposits or primary tumours of the spine. A prospective study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ...
Mansouri Borhan - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to investigate the levels of heavy metals, namely, chromium, copper, cobalt, nickel, and iron, in Western Reef heron (Egretta gularis) (n = 15) and Siberian gull (Larus heuglini) (n = 15) to (1) compare metal concentrations between two bird species with different trophic ...
Giger Olivier T - - 2012
Tumor budding, a histological hallmark of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in colorectal cancer, is a parameter of tumor progression and according to the International Union Against Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer an 'additional' prognostic factor. The current definition of tumor budding is reserved for the invasive tumor front of colorectal cancer (so ...
Relle Manfred - - 2012
Different murine models have been used as basis for Proteinase 3 (PR3)-associated vasculitis models, but sufficient reproduction of the human clinical manifestation has failed to this date. As a reliable animal model is needed to further elucidate the pathological value of PR3-ANCA, we developed a PR3-humanized transgenic mouse model, in ...
Neelam Kumari - - 2012
To quantify the fundus color on digital color fundus photographs as a surrogate of myopic chorioretinal degeneration in myopic subjects using a novel computer software program. In this cross-sectional study, the following details were recorded in 152 eyes of 78 myopic subjects: Snellen visual acuity, refractive status, ocular biometric parameters, ...
Okuro Kazumi - - 2012
Palladium-catalyzed intermolecular cyclocarbonylation of 2-iodoanilines with diethyl ethoxycarbonyl-butendienoate produces 2,3,3-triethoxycarbonyl-2,3-dihydro-4(1H)-quinolinone derivatives in moderate to good yields. This protocol involves Michael addition and subsequent carbonylation.
Brandão Cristina - - 2012
Changes in modern societies originate the perception that ethical behaviour is essential in organization's practices especially in the way they deal with aspects such as human rights. These issues are usually under the umbrella of the concept of social responsibility. Recently the Report of the International Bioethics Committee of UNESCO ...
Tang Md Abul Kashem - - 2012
The acetate kinase from the Antarctic psychrophilic Shewanella sp. AS-11 (SAK) has a significantly higher catalytic efficiency at low temperatures when compared with that from mesophilic Escherichia coli K-12 (EAK). To examine the stability and conformational flexibility of SAK and EAK, steady state intrinsic fluorescence studies were performed. EAK contains ...
Schneegans Sebastian - - 2012
Whenever we shift our gaze, any location information encoded in the retinocentric reference frame that is predominant in the visual system is obliterated. How is spatial memory retained across gaze changes? Two different explanations have been proposed: Retinocentric information may be transformed into a gaze-invariant representation through a mechanism consistent ...
Zepeda Angélica - - 2012
The adult brain is highly plastic and tends to undergo substantial reorganization after injury to compensate for the lesion effects. It has been shown that such reorganization mainly relies on anatomical and biochemical modifications of the remaining cells which give rise to a network rewiring without reinstating the original morphology ...
Katsiari Eirini - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of cochlear implantation on vestibular function. The function of the horizontal semicircular canal, the saccular function, and the incidence of vestibular symptoms were assessed before and after cochlear implantation. Twenty unilaterally cochlear implant patients were evaluated preoperatively, 1 and ...
Ci Xinxin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether roxithromycin reduces ovalbumin-specific allergic asthma symptoms in mice, and we further investigated the inhibitory mechanism of roxithromycin in ovalbumin-specific allergic asthma. METHODS: Mice were divided into five groups (n = 10 for each): control group, roxithromycin-treated groups (5, 20 and 40 mg/kg) and ovalbumin-challenged group. We measured the recruitment ...
Cheuvront Samuel N - - 2012
The cardiovascular response to standing (sit-to-stand change in heart rate; SSΔHR) is commonly employed as a screening tool to detect hypohydration (body water deficit). No study has systematically evaluated SSΔHR cut points using different magnitudes or different types of controlled hypohydration. The objective of this study was to determine the ...
Cavieres Lohengrin A - - 2012
Positive interactions between species are known to play an important role in the structure and dynamics of alpine plant communities. The balance between negative and positive interactions is known to shift along spatial and temporal gradients, with positive effects prevailing over negative ones as the environmental stress increases. Thus, this ...
Wang Lin-Fa - - 2012
Since the last major review on diagnosis of henipavirus infection about a decade ago, significant progress has been made in many different areas of test development, especially in the development of molecular tests using real-time PCR and many novel serological test platforms. In addition to provide an updated review of ...
Reynaud Claude-Agnès - - 2012
Humoral memory is maintained by two types of persistent cells, memory B cells and plasma cells, which have different phenotypes and functions. Long-lived plasma cells can survive for a lifespan within a complex niche in the bone marrow and provide continuous protective serum antibody levels. Memory B cells reside in ...
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