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Meermann Björn - - 2012
Method development and applications of hyphenated techniques as tools for speciation analysis of metal-based pharmaceuticals are summarized within this review. Advantages and limitations of the separation modes-high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), capillary electrophoresis (CE), and gas chromatography (GC)-as well as the detection modes-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry ...
Wu Jui-Pin - - 2012
Although toxic responses of freshwater planarians after exposure to environmental toxicants can be observed through external toxicological end points, physiological responses inside the bodies of treated planarians have rarely been investigated. The present study was designed, using cadmium (Cd) as a reference toxicant, to determine its bioaccumulation and toxicodynamics in ...
Hamaguchi Sanae - - 2012
Background: The mode of death has not been investigated in the registry data of patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFREF) vs. preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). The aim of the present study was therefore to carry out this comparison. Methods and Results: The Japanese Cardiac Registry of Heart ...
Zuriaga Elena - - 2012
S-locus products (S-RNase and F-box proteins) are essential for the gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI) specific recognition in Prunus. However, accumulated genetic evidence suggests that other S-locus unlinked factors are also required for GSI. For instance, GSI breakdown was associated with a pollen-part mutation unlinked to the S-locus in the apricot (Prunus ...
da Silva Bezerra Guerra Kátia Suênia - - 2012
Context: Mentha x villosa Hudson (Lamiaceae) is an aromatic herb employed as a food spice. In folk medicine, it leaves are used as a tranquilizer and anti-hypertensive, even by pregnant women. Objective: There are no reports about its effects in gestation and exposed fetuses, the aim of this study. Materials ...
Kerr Gary William - - 2012
Maintenance of ploidy in sexually reproducing organisms requires a specialized form of cell division called meiosis that generates genetically diverse haploid gametes from diploid germ cells. Meiotic cells halve their ploidy by undergoing two rounds of nuclear division (meiosis I and II) after a single round of DNA replication. Research ...
Abe Akira - - 2012
Seedling vigor is among the major determinants of stable stand establishment in direct-seeded rice (Oryza sativa L.) in temperate regions. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for seedling vigor were identified using 250 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between two japonica rice cultivars Kakehashi and Dunghan Shali. Seedling heights ...
Sacramento João - - 2012
In this study, we investigate from a computational perspective the efficiency of the Willshaw synaptic update rule in the context of familiarity discrimination, a binary-answer, memory-related task that has been linked through psychophysical experiments with modified neural activity patterns in the prefrontal and perirhinal cortex regions. Our motivation for recovering ...
Balestrini Raffaella - - 2012
A genome-wide inventory of proteins involved in cell wall synthesis and remodeling has been obtained by taking advantage of the recently released genome sequence of the ectomycorrhizal Tuber melanosporum black truffle. Genes that encode cell wall biosynthetic enzymes, enzymes involved in cell wall polysaccharide synthesis or modification, GPI-anchored proteins and ...
Colle Dirleise - - 2012
Context: Taraxacum officinale Weber (Asteraceae), known as dandelion, is used for medicinal purposes due to its choleretic, diuretic, antitumor, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and hepatoprotective properties. Objective: We sought to investigate the protective activity of T. officinale fruit extract against sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-induced decreased cellular viability and increased lipid peroxidation in the ...
Singh Gopal K - - 2012
We examine the impact of neighborhood social conditions and household socioeconomic status (SES) on the prevalence of parent-reported behavioral problems among US children aged 6-17 years. The 2007 National Survey of Children's Health was used to develop a factor analytic index and a dichotomous measure of serious behavioral problems (SBP) in ...
Hassepass Frederike - - 2012
To evaluate the image quality and clinical implementation after setting modification of a three-dimensional isocentric C-arm fluoroscopic image intensifier system combined with a digital flatpanel detector as a new tool for sinus and petrous bone surgery. Image acquisition was performed using two cadaveric heads. Experimental design was oriented to the ...
Nur Hakan - - 2012
In a retrospective cross-sectional study among 202 postmenopausal women aged 46-75 years, we aimed to investigate the relationship between body composition and bone mineral density (BMD) to determine whether fat mass or lean mass is a better determinant of BMD in Turkish postmenopausal women. Lumbar spine (L1-L4) and proximal femur BMD ...
Dal Sasso Pasquale - - 2012
This paper addresses quarries rehabilitation issue within a Metropolitan Area. Areas where mining activity is carried out have been subjected to physical and environmental degradation linked both to pursue the building materials extraction and to the city expansion continuously asking for new areas to be developed with residential and service ...
Han Yingpeng - - 2012
Seed weight, measured as mass per seed, is an important yield component of soybean and is generally positively correlated with seed yield (Burton et al, Crop Sci 27:1093, 1987). In previous reports, quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with seed weight, were identified in single genetic background. The objective of the ...
Kiss John Z - - 2012
While there is a great deal of knowledge regarding plant growth and development in microgravity aboard orbiting spacecraft, there is little information available about these parameters in reduced or fractional gravity conditions (less than the nominal 1g on Earth). Thus, in these experiments using the European Modular Cultivation System on ...
Wiernsperger N - - 2012
The microvascular bed is an anatomical entity which comprises myriads of small arterioles, capillaries and venules. Microvessels and surrounding tissue metabolism are tightly coupled; consequently they are equipped with many, very specific and fine-tuned mechanisms allowing permanent, precise regulation of nutrient delivery. The review thoroughly describes the structure and physiology ...
Krishna Kumar S - - 2012
The aim of the present study is to investigate the pollution vulnerability of groundwater aquifers in the coastal regions of Tuticorin city, Tamil Nadu, India. Fourteen samples were analyzed to determine the concentration of trace elements (Pb, Zn, Cd, Hg, Cr and Cu) in the groundwater. Among the total samples ...
Braguine Caio Guedes - - 2012
Context: Schistosomiasis is a major health problem worldwide. Thus, the search for new schistosomicidal agents from natural sources can provide prototypes for drug discovery. Objective: The present study investigated the chemical composition of the EtOAc fractions of Styrax pohlii Pohl (Styracaceae) (EF-SP) aerial parts and S. camporum A. DC. leaves ...
Michot Caroline - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Recessive LPIN1 mutations were identified as a cause of severe rhabdomyolysis in pediatric patients. The human lipin family includes two other closely related members, lipin-2 and 3, which share strong homology and similar activity. The study aimed to determine the involvement of the LPIN family genes in a cohort ...
Sand-Jensen Kaj - - 2012
Dense moss cushions of different size are distributed across the bare limestone pavements on Øland, SE Sweden. Increasing cushion size is predicted to physically protect and improve performance and colonization by vascular plants. Therefore, we tested water balance, phosphorus supply, and species richness, and evaluated duration of plant activity during ...
Mansouri Borhan - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to investigate the levels of heavy metals, namely, chromium, copper, cobalt, nickel, and iron, in Western Reef heron (Egretta gularis) (n = 15) and Siberian gull (Larus heuglini) (n = 15) to (1) compare metal concentrations between two bird species with different trophic ...
Giger Olivier T - - 2012
Tumor budding, a histological hallmark of epithelial-mesenchymal transition in colorectal cancer, is a parameter of tumor progression and according to the International Union Against Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer an 'additional' prognostic factor. The current definition of tumor budding is reserved for the invasive tumor front of colorectal cancer (so ...
Wang Lin-Fa - - 2012
Since the last major review on diagnosis of henipavirus infection about a decade ago, significant progress has been made in many different areas of test development, especially in the development of molecular tests using real-time PCR and many novel serological test platforms. In addition to provide an updated review of ...
Gao Ling - - 2012
To obtain a bifunctional protein simultaneously showing bioactivity of anticoagulant and fibrinolytic for use in the treatment of thrombotic diseases, we constructed a fusion protein (HV12p-rPA) containing C-terminal 12-residue of hirudin-PA (HV12p) and reteplase (rPA). The fusion protein, in which HV12p was linked to rPA via Gly-Gly-Gly, was successfully expressed ...
Lu Zhitang - - 2012
The 16S rRNA-based hierarchical system is considered to be the backbone of prokaryote taxonomy at the genus level and above. However, in the class Actinobacteria, the topology of the 16S rRNA-based tree is highly unsteady, and relationships between several families and orders are ambiguous. Recently, phylogenomic information was claimed to ...
Chen Sheng-Chia - - 2012
Bacterial cells often use two-component signal transduction systems to regulate genes in response to environmental stimuli. The RstA/RstB system is a two-component regulatory system consisting of the membrane sensor, RstB, and its cognate response regulator RstA. The RstA of Klebsiella pneumoniae consists of a N-terminal receiver domain (NRD, residues 1-119) ...
Nikolouli Katerina - - 2012
Non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPS) and type-I polyketide synthases (PKS-I) are multimodular enzymes involved in biosynthesis of oligopeptide and polyketide secondary metabolites produced by microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi. New findings regarding the mechanisms underlying NRPS and PKS-I evolution illustrate how microorganisms expand their metabolic potential. During the last decade ...
Imamura Tetsuya - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine if bone marrow-derived cells implanted into radiation-injured urinary bladders could reconstruct functional bladder tissues. The pelvic region of anesthetized female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was irradiated with 2 Gy once a week for 5 weeks. Following the last irradiation, the rats were maintained ...
Petronilho Fabrícia - - 2012
Context: Cecropia glaziovii Snethl. (Cecropiaceae), commonly known as "embaúba-vermelha", is widely distributed throughout Latin America and has been reported in Brazilian folk medicine to treat cough, asthma, high blood pressure and inflammation. Objective: Investigate the hepatoprotective properties of crude hydroethanolic extract of C. glaziovii as well as its in vitro ...
Sesmilo Gemma - - 2012
Since 1997 there is an online National Registry of acromegalic patients in Spain (REA). We aimed to study changes in acromegaly treatment and outcomes over the last four decades in Spain. In REA clinical and biochemical data are collected at diagnosis and updated every one to 2 years. We analyzed the ...
Tao Yiwen - - 2012
We have developed a perfusion-based high cell density (HD) cell banking and inoculum expansion procedure for a cholesterol-dependent NS0 myeloma cell line using linear low-density polyethylene-based disposable bioreactors. Challenges associated with cholesterol-polymer interactions, which suppress cholesterol-dependent NS0 myeloma cell growth, were overcome using a novel cholesterol feeding protocol that included ...
Yu Yonglin - - 2012
PURPOSE: Melanoma is a malignant tumor and causes majority of deaths related to skin cancer. Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) greatly contributes to melanoma growth and progress. In this paper, we attempt to evaluate the therapeutic potential of FGF2-binding peptide (named P7) using as a potent FGF2 antagonist via exploration ...
Kvíčalová Magdalena - - 2012
Using several extraction methods including the QuEChERS approach, samples of both model and natural sediments were prepared. For the isolation of the target group of pesticides, two variants of two complementary extractions had to be used. Resulting extracts were analysed with LC/MS/MS. Selected methods furnishing the best results were validated ...
Kim Suk Min - - 2012
Thermoplasma acidophilum utilizes L: -rhamnose as a sole carbon source. To determine the metabolic pathway of L: -rhamnose in Archaea, we identified and characterized L: -rhamnose dehydrogenase (RhaD) in T. acidophilum. Ta0747P gene, which encodes the putative T. acidophilum RhaD (Ta_RhaD) enzyme belonging to the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase family, was expressed ...
Shea Kevin G - - 2012
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is thought to be an acquired osteochondral disorder, and its aetiology may be multifactorial. Trauma, both acute and repetitive events, has previously been proposed as a potential cause for OCD development. We present two cases of skeletally immature boys who developed a symptomatic OCD lesion following a ...
Broder Christopher C - - 2012
Hendra virus and Nipah virus are recently discovered and closely related emerging viruses that now comprise the genus henipavirus within the sub-family Paramyxoviridae and are distinguished by their broad species tropism and in addition to bats can infect and cause fatal disease in a wide variety of mammalian hosts including ...
Porcar-Castell Albert - - 2012
The photochemical reflectance index (PRI) is regarded as a promising proxy to track the dynamics of photosynthetic light use efficiency (LUE) via remote sensing. The implementation of this approach requires the relationship between PRI and LUE to scale not only in space but also in time. The short-term relationship between ...
Wang Weiwei - - 2012
Our hemostatic system, when called to action, depends on the complex arrangement of a tightly regulated and extensive network of molecules with versatile functionality. Experimental methods have demonstrated marked improvement through enhanced condition-control and monitoring. However, this approach continues to provide limited explanations of the role of individual elements or ...
Woolston Caroline M - - 2012
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has become the standard of care for locally advanced primary breast cancer. Anthracycline-based regimens have proven to be one of the most effective treatments in this setting. As certain cytotoxic antineoplastic agents, such as anthracyclines, generate reactive oxygen species as a by-product of their mechanism of action, we ...
Raffa Salvatore - - 2012
The keratinocyte growth factor (KGF/FGF7), produced by stromal cells, is a key paracrine mediator of epithelial proliferation, differentiation and migration. Expression of the growth factor is increased in wound healing and in hyperproliferative epithelial diseases, as a consequence of the activation of dermal fibroblasts by the inflammatory microenvironment. The middle ...
Yamane Hidehiro - - 2012
Naïve CD4(+) T cells undergo massive cell proliferation upon encountering their cognate ligand. This proliferation depends upon appropriate cues from the antigen-presenting cells that have processed the antigen and present the peptide to the T cells, and requires the establishment of a cytokine environment that can support such proliferation. Expansion ...
Reynaud Claude-Agnès - - 2012
Humoral memory is maintained by two types of persistent cells, memory B cells and plasma cells, which have different phenotypes and functions. Long-lived plasma cells can survive for a lifespan within a complex niche in the bone marrow and provide continuous protective serum antibody levels. Memory B cells reside in ...
Hiwasa-Tanase Kyoko - - 2012
Fruit-specific promoters have been used as genetic engineering tools for studies on molecular mechanism of fruit development and advance in fruit quality and additional value by increasing functional component. Especially fruit-ripening specific promoters have been well utilized and studied in tomato; however, few studies have reported the development of promoters ...
Shi Danni - - 2012
Prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored 123-aa protein related to the cell-proliferation inhibition and/or cell-death induction activity. Many studies had reported the role of PSCA rs2294008 C > T and rs2976392 G > A polymorphisms on gastric cancer risk. To investigate a more precise estimation of the relationships, ...
Mannion A F - - 2012
The last few decades have witnessed a paradigm shift in the assessment of outcome in spine surgery, with patient-centred questionnaires superseding traditional surgeon-based assessments. The assessment of complications after surgery and their impact on the patient has not enjoyed this same enlightened approach. This study sought to quantify the incidence ...
König Matthias A - - 2012
The life span of cancer patients has improved due to advancements in cancer management. With long survival periods, more patients show metastatic disease. Osteolytic tumours of spine are generated by metastatic deposits or primary tumours of the spine. A prospective study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ...
Cui Gaofeng - - 2013
The LOTUS or OST-HTH domain is a recently discovered motif of about 80 amino acids and is found in several germline-specific proteins including the Tudor domain-containing proteins TDRD5 and TDRD7, which are important for germ cell development. The LOTUS domain is an RNA binding domain but its exact function is ...
Tao Wen - - 2012
Although the adult mammalian myocardium exhibits a limited ability to undergo regenerative growth, its intrinsic renewal rate is insufficient to compensate for myocyte loss during cardiac disease. Transplantation of donor cardiomyocytes or cardiomyogenic stem cells is considered a promising strategy for reconstitution of cardiac mass, provided the engrafted cells functionally ...
Scemes Eliana - - 2012
Astrocytes utilize two major pathways to achieve long distance intercellular communication. One pathway involves direct gap junction mediated signal transmission and the other consists of release of ATP through pannexin channels and excitation of purinergic receptors on nearby cells. Elevated extracellular potassium to levels occurring around hyperactive neurons affects both ...
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