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Results 351 - 400 of 2952
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Bonevski Billie - - 2012
Introduction and Aims. Despite substantial health disadvantage, few intervention studies have examined ways to deliver smoking cessation support to homeless people. This proof-of-concept study explored the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, low-cost, telephone-delivered program. Design and Methods. Clients aged over 18 years, English-speaking and currently receiving accommodation support from a ...
Buddhe Sujatha - - 2012
Buddhe S, Du W, L'Ecuyer T. Impact of pulmonary hypertension on transplant outcomes in pediatric cardiomyopathy patients. Pediatr Transplantation 2012. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  Controversy exists over whether PHTN in heart transplant candidates increases post-transplant mortality. We performed analysis of data reported to UNOS for children ...
Tedaldi Lauren M - - 2012
Thiomaleimides, generated by the addition of bromomaleimides to thiols including cysteine, undergo highly efficient [2 + 2] photocycloadditions.
Sangeetha Selvam - - 2012
We report two fluorophores with open coordination sites for specific sensing of Ni(2+) and Cu(2+) ions via a simple synthetic route. The fluorescence activity was completely quenched on coordination of the metal ions with the phenanthroline ring present in the fluorophore as is clearly evident from the photophysical studies.
Kim-Kaneyama Joo-Ri - - 2012
Hydrogen peroxide-inducible clone-5 (Hic-5) is a focal adhesion scaffold protein primarily expressed in vascular and visceral smooth muscle cells. We recently generated mice lacking Hic-5, which grew with no apparent abnormality (Kim-Kaneyama J, et al. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2011;50(1):77-86). However, we discovered that recovery of arterial media following vascular ...
Greenbaum L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pain is a one of the most disturbing non-motor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD). The susceptibility to pain varies substantially among patients with PD. The aim of this study was to assess a potential association of genetic variants to PD-related pain. METHODS: We analysed 20 candidate SNPs from 12 ...
Sheng Xia - - 2012
CuInS(2) nanorod array structures are synthesized via a template-free and non-vacuum route for the first time. The obtained CuInS(2) thin films show promising conversion efficiency in a two-electrode photoelectrochemical cell.
Amsharov K Yu - - 2012
Building bowls: An effective intramolecular aryl-aryl coupling is the key step in rational fullerene synthesis and in synthesis of extended buckybowl structures. Such a process can be embodied very efficiently through quantitative HF elimination on active Al(2) O(3) . The process is characterized by an unprecedentedly high chemoselectivity and regiospecificity.
von Holstein Sarah Linéa - - 2012
Purpose:  To evaluate the incidence rate, distribution, patient characteristics and indications for surgical intervention of lacrimal gland lesions in Denmark between 1974 and 2007. Material and methods:  All biopsied/surgically removed lacrimal gland lesions in Denmark during the period 1974-2007 were identified by searching two population-based registries. Specimens were collected and ...
Park Young-Seok - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate osseointegration in rabbit tibiae and to investigate surface characteristics of novel zirconia implants made by powder injection molding (PIM) technique, using molds with and without roughened inner surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 20 rabbits received three types of external hex implants with identical geometry on ...
Mazzuco Tânia L - - 2012
Adrenocortical tumours. (ACT), which include adenomas, carcinomas and adrenal hyperplasia, may be associated with genetic syndromes, such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, familial adenomatous polyposis and Carney complex. Genetic defects have been found to be responsible for the disease in most of these syndromes, allowing ...
Williams Corinne J - - 2012
Within predominantly English-speaking countries such as the US, UK, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia, there are a significant number of people who speak languages other than English. This study aimed to examine Australian speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) perspectives and experiences of multilingualism, including their assessment and intervention practices, and service delivery ...
Lajter Ildikó - - 2012
Aqueous and organic extracts of 27 selected species from five genera (Fallopia, Oxyria, Persicaria, Polygonum and Rumex) of the family Polygonaceae occurring in the Carpathian Basin were screened in vitro for antiproliferative activity against HeLa (cervix epithelial adenocarcinoma), A431 (skin epidermoid carcinoma) and MCF7 (breast epithelial adenocarcinoma) cells, using the ...
Kooistra Susanne Marije - - 2012
Histone modifications are thought to regulate chromatin structure, transcription and other nuclear processes. Histone methylation was originally believed to be an irreversible modification that could only be removed by histone eviction or by dilution during DNA replication. However, the isolation of two families of enzymes that can demethylate histones has ...
Stafford R S - - 2012
"Off-label use" occurs when the use of a medication or device deviates from what is mentioned in its US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) product label. Off-label use is common, legal, and an important source of innovation; however, it can be costly, and strong evidence of the efficacy and safety ...
Saeed Zubair M - - 2012
Aim:  The prevalence of abdominal wall herniation at the site of a previous temporary stoma is uncertain. This cohort study investigated the frequency of radiological abnormalities at the site of a closed diverting loop ileostomy. Method:  During a 5 year period, all patients in whom an ileostomy was raised and ...
Benndorf Paul - - 2012
Easy come, easy go: The first molecular SO(2) complexes of the lanthanides (Ln=Sm, Eu) are prepared. The compounds can reversibly coordinate gaseous SO(2) . Concomitant with the addition and removal of SO(2) , the color of the complexes changes reversibly. The structures of the SO(2) compounds could be confirmed in ...
Tschersich Carolin - - 2012
Noble metals meet a heavyweight: A pincer ligand brings together bismuth with gold and platinum, so that metallophilic interactions are established. According to DFT calculations, these interactions contain dominant metal→bismuth contributions.
Arrowsmith Merle - - 2012
The heteroleptic magnesium alkyl complex [CH{C(Me)NAr}(2)Mg(n)Bu] (Ar = 2,6-(i)Pr(2)C(6)H(3)) is reported as a highly efficient pre-catalyst for the hydroboration of aldehydes and ketones with pinacolborane.
Esacove Anne W - - 2012
The expanding reliance on the health sciences to address social problems is well documented, as are the effects of the social construction of public (health) problems on 'target' populations, intervention design and broader social systems. Less attention has been given in the literature to the cultural meanings that configure public ...
Wan Shaogui - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies have indicated that telomere length is associated with altered risk of various tumours including hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the association between telomere length and the risk of cirrhosis has not been reported. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, we used real-time quantitative ...
Notari Stefania - - 2012
The nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors lamivudine and zidovudine and the protease inhibitors lopinavir and ritonavir are currently used in anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) therapy. Here, a high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method, using a hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight mass analyzer, is reported for the simultaneous quantification of lamivudine, lopinavir, ritonavir, and ...
Jiang Huanfeng - - 2012
We have discovered a novel PdCl(2)-FeCl(2) catalyzed cascade cyclization reaction, which involves a novel acyl rearrangement process. This reaction affords a diverse set of poly-substituted 4H-cyclopenta[c]furan products. The reaction scope of this cascade process is quite broad and various internal acetylenes can be employed.
Hong Wei - - 2012
Utilizing the wettability of inverse opal hydrogels, we report a new strategy to construct photonic hydrogels with multiple types of reliable signals, such as non-wetting (transparent), image contrast (weak color) with shifts of diffraction maximum (bright color), developing optical sensors for multifunctional detection.
Li Min - - 2012
The complete mitochondrial genome of the dotted gizzard shad Konosirus punctatus (Teleostei, Clupeidae) has been determined. The entire sequence is 16,706 bp in length, with a gene content (13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNAs, 22 transfer RNAs and 1 control region) and organization similar to that observed in most other vertebrates. ...
Kim Gun-Wook - - 2012
  Although papulonecrotic tuberculid is an uncommon cutaneous manifestation of tuberculosis (TB) associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, the simultaneous occurrence of papulonecrotic tuberculid and erythema induratum is even rarer. Papulonecrotic tuberculid occurs predominantly in young adults and is characterized by eruptions of necrotizing papules that heal with varioliform scars. Histopathologic ...
van Oort Bart - - 2012
Proton transfer is an elementary process in biology. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) has served as an important model system to elucidate the mechanistic details of this reaction, because in GFP proton transfer can be induced by light absorption. We have used pump-dump-probe spectroscopy to study how proton transfer through the ...
Engelhard David M - - 2012
A knot that ties itself! The entanglement of six ligands coordinated to three Pd(II) ions results in the quantitative formation of a walnut-shaped supramolecular cage. Each of the two hemispheres resembles a trefoil knot. The solution-state structure was elucidated using a combination of NMR experiments and calculated model structures. The ...
Hedenstierna G - - 2012
Anesthesia is safe in most patients. However, anesthetics reduce functional residual capacity (FRC) and promote airway closure. Oxygen is breathed during the induction of anesthesia, and increased concentration of oxygen (O(2) ) is given during the surgery to reduce the risk of hypoxemia. However, oxygen is rapidly adsorbed behind closed ...
Strack Christina - - 2012
Aim: In subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS) endothelial dysfunction is a very consistent finding. Processes leading to endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis involve the altered control of subclinical inflammation by innate immune defenses that possibly include mannose-binding lectin (MBL). We investigated the associations of MBL with traits of MetS and early ...
Solé Daniel - - 2012
The factors that control the chemoselectivity of palladium-catalyzed cyclization reactions of (2-iodoanilino)carbonyl compounds have been explored by an extensive experimental computational (DFT) study. It was found that the selectivity of the process, that is, the formation of fused six- versus five-membered rings, can be controlled by the proper selection of ...
Ustün Suayib - - 2012
• Type III effector proteins (T3Es) of many Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria manipulate highly conserved cellular processes, indicating conservation in virulence mechanisms during the infection of hosts of divergent evolutionary origin. • In order to identify conserved effector functions, we used a cross-kingdom approach in which we expressed selected T3Es from ...
Schneider Anne-Catherine - - 2012
Dietary oils containing large amounts of conjugated linolenic acids (CLnA) may be regarded as a source of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA), which have been suspected to bear health-promoting properties. Indeed, CLnA can be converted into CLA in mammals. The objective of the present study was to investigate the uptake of ...
Salmon N - - 2012
Background  Friendship is a crucial relationship offering practical support, enjoyment and improved health. When disability is added into the mix, the permutations of friendship shift. Despite the presence of inclusive social policies many disabled teens continue to experience stigma and social isolation, yet some teens are able to establish long-term ...
Ong Wei Qiang - - 2012
In response to binding to amine and ammonium guests of varying types, a pyridine-based folding oligomer displays fingerprint regions in its (1)H NMR spectra that allow for the easy identification and classification of the bound guests.
Fidalgo A R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of general anaesthesia induced by isoflurane with buprenorphine on hippocampus-dependent and neocortex-dependent memory, respectively, in mice, and in addition, to compare the effects of such anaesthesia on these memory processes with the effects induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration on ...
Nino Massimiliano - - 2012
  Obese adult patients have many dermatoses, such as skin tags, candida infection, cellulite, and intertrigo, but only limited data have been published on obese children and the barrier function of their skin. Sixty-five overweight and obese children (n = 40, BMI 85th-95th percentile; n = 25, BMI > 95th percentile) (aged 8-15; mean ...
Perry J - - 2012
Background  People with severe challenging behaviour are vulnerable to exclusion from local services and removal to out-of-area placements if locally available supported accommodation is insufficient to meet their needs. There are concerns about the high costs and potentially poorer outcomes of out-of-area placements but relatively little is known about how ...
Yano Hideto - - 2012
Background: The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) on coronary plaque progression in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who received an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI). Methods and Results: After local ethics committee approval and obtaining of informed consent, 116 ...
Miro J M - - 2012
Eighty-four HCV/HIV-coinfected and 252-matched HCV-monoinfected liver transplant recipients were included in a prospective multicenter study. Thirty-six (43%) HCV/HIV-coinfected and 75 (30%) HCV-monoinfected patients died, with a survival rate at 5 years of 54% (95% CI, 42-64) and 71% (95% CI, 66 to 77; p = 0.008), respectively. When both groups ...
Aranda Asunción - - 2012
The doping of mesoporous ceria with copper significantly enhances activity for naphthalene total oxidation, the enhanced performance is controlled by the increased concentration of surface oxygen defects.
Wakayama Kenji - - 2012
Since prolonged cold preservation of the heart deteriorates the outcome of heart transplantation, a more protective preservation solution is required. We therefore developed a new solution, named Dsol, and examined whether Dsol, in comparison to UW, could better inhibit myocardial injury resulting from prolonged cold preservation. Syngeneic heterotopic heart transplantation ...
Alhelfi Nawfal A - - 2012
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a potentially lethal pathogen which has been responsible for several outbreaks of milk-borne illness in recent years. The objective of this study was to evaluate the survival and metabolic activity (indexed by bioluminescence) of a chromosomally lux-marked strain of Esch. coli O157:H7 in raw, pasteurized and ...
Ali Talal - - 2012
Purpose:  To evaluate the effect on conjunctival micro-organisms of chlorhexidine alcohol 0.5% eyelid wash in cataract patients. Methods:  In this single-centre experimental study, 120 patients scheduled to undergo cataract operation were cultured in the conjunctiva before the operation and after the insertion of the intraocular lens. Bacterial samples for aerobic ...
Herrmann Florian - - 2012
African trypanosomiasis is still a major health problem in many sub-Saharan countries in Africa. We investigated the effects of three preparations of Panax ginseng, Panax notoginseng, isolated ginsenosides, and the polyacetylene panaxynol on Trypanosoma brucei brucei and the human cancer cell line HeLa. Hexane extracts and the pure panaxynol were ...
May C-A - - 2012
NADPH diaphorase-positive amacrine cells (NAC) were studied in retinal whole mount preparation of mice, ranging from 1 day to 30 months of age. Following a peak in number and size during early development at postnatal day 14, their number and distribution remained well preserved up to senescence. Functional considerations include immunological, vascular ...
Johnson-Jahangir Hillary - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The apical triangle is the superior portion of the cutaneous upper lip lying between the medial cheek and alar margin. Defects involving this subunit are often repaired without taking into consideration the aesthetic implications of its potential loss or reduction. We present a simple option for repair of apical ...
Jimenez-Zepeda V H - - 2012
Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) is a monoclonal gammopathy characterized by nonamyloid deposition of immunoglobulin light chains in various organs. Most cases present with renal dysfunction, a ubiquitous feature of this disease, and in some instances, it may progress to end-stage renal disease. Unfortunately, until now, no standard treatment has ...
Sokolowski Michel B C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study examines the effect of ethanol (EtOH) on continuous reinforcement schedules in the free-flying honeybee (Apis mellifera L.). As fermented nectars may be encountered naturally in the environment, we designed an experiment combining the tools of laboratory research with minimal disturbance to the natural life of honeybees. METHODS: ...
Gao Feng - - 2012
CO oxidation was carried out over Ru(0001) and RuO(2)(110) thin film grown on Ru(0001) at various O(2)/CO ratios near atmospheric pressures. Reaction kinetics, coupled with in situ polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRAS) and post-reaction Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) measurements, were used to identify the catalytically relevant phases under ...
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