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Results 351 - 400 of 2952
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Zimnoch Miroslaw - - 2012
Regular measurements of atmospheric CO (2) mixing ratios and their carbon isotope composition ((13)C/(12)C and (14)C/(12)C ratios) performed between 2005 and 2009 at two sites of contrasting characteristics (Krakow and the remote mountain site Kasprowy Wierch) located in southern Poland were used to derive fossil fuel-related and biogenic contributions to ...
Ghazi S - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease, affecting 0.5-2% worldwide. The Massachusetts Male Aging Study reported that up to 75% of men with diabetes have a lifetime risk of developing ED. Type 2 diabetes is associated with low total serum testosterone (TT) identified in several cross-sectional studies and systemic analyses. ...
Håkanson Cecilia - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 Learning about oneself through others. Experiences of a group-based patient education programme about irritable bowel syndrome Background:  People with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) often experience severe illness-related troubles in their everyday lives. Many persons also perceive their disease-related knowledge to be insufficient, and they feel ...
Crawford Gregory B - - 2012
Background:  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an increasing cause of mortality. However, people with COPD are unlikely to receive care that meets the needs of themselves or their carers at the end-of-life. Aims:  To explore the needs of people with end-stage COPD in South Australia and develop recommendations for ...
Blomberg John - - 2012
Abstract Background. Insertion of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an increasingly common procedure in patients with nutritional needs and dysphagia. Better knowledge of rates and patterns of complications after PEG might influence decision-making. Material and methods. The objective was to prospectively evaluate the rate of six pre-defined complications (leakage, ...
Cheng Hong - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: Cheng and collegues reported the modified methods for measurement of the glomerular diameter, and also reorted the normal value range of glomerular diameter in Chinese adults. ABSTRACT: Aim:  Identification of glomerulomegaly is a prerequisite for diagnosis of obesity-related glomerulopathy, so measurement of glomerular size is of ...
Hiuge-Shimizu Aki - - 2012
Aim: Multiple risk factor syndrome is a target for the prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). A cluster of multiple risk factors, such as hypertension, glucose intolerance, and/or dyslipidemia, is encountered in Japanese without and with excess visceral fat. The present study investigated the relationship between multiple risk factor accumulation ...
Firoz Elnaz F EF Department of Dermatology, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University, Providence, Rhode IslandDepartment of Pathology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New YorkDermatology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2013
We report a case of allergic contact dermatitis to WEBCOL(®) alcohol prep pads in a healthy 17-year-old girl who showed no reaction to the individual components of the prep pads upon provocative use testing. Although several case reports have described allergic contact dermatitis to isopropyl alcohol, there have been no ...
Goldblatt Hadass - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coping with cancer is affected by cultural norms, beliefs, and perceptions. To date, only a few studies have examined how Arab women cope with breast cancer and how the illness affects their lives. We aimed to study how Arab women perceive and ascribe meaning to their illness and its ...
Etminan Mahyar M Therapeutic Evaluation Unit, Child and Family Research Institute of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. - - 2012
Fluoroquinolones are commonly prescribed classes of antibiotics. Despite numerous case reports of ocular toxicity, a pharmacoepidemiological study of their ocular safety, particularly retinal detachment, has not been performed. To examine the association between use of oral fluoroquinolones and the risk of developing a retinal detachment. Nested case-control study of a ...
Mazzuco Tânia L - - 2012
Adrenocortical tumours. (ACT), which include adenomas, carcinomas and adrenal hyperplasia, may be associated with genetic syndromes, such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, familial adenomatous polyposis and Carney complex. Genetic defects have been found to be responsible for the disease in most of these syndromes, allowing ...
Williams Corinne J - - 2012
Within predominantly English-speaking countries such as the US, UK, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia, there are a significant number of people who speak languages other than English. This study aimed to examine Australian speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) perspectives and experiences of multilingualism, including their assessment and intervention practices, and service delivery ...
Lajter Ildikó - - 2012
Aqueous and organic extracts of 27 selected species from five genera (Fallopia, Oxyria, Persicaria, Polygonum and Rumex) of the family Polygonaceae occurring in the Carpathian Basin were screened in vitro for antiproliferative activity against HeLa (cervix epithelial adenocarcinoma), A431 (skin epidermoid carcinoma) and MCF7 (breast epithelial adenocarcinoma) cells, using the ...
Bebbington Ami - - 2012
Multiplex ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) has become available for the detection of a large deletion on the MECP2 gene allowing genetic confirmation of previously unconfirmed cases of clinical Rett syndrome. This study describes the phenotype of those with a large deletion and compares with those with other pathogenic MECP2 mutations. ...
Kooistra Susanne Marije - - 2012
Histone modifications are thought to regulate chromatin structure, transcription and other nuclear processes. Histone methylation was originally believed to be an irreversible modification that could only be removed by histone eviction or by dilution during DNA replication. However, the isolation of two families of enzymes that can demethylate histones has ...
Stafford R S - - 2012
"Off-label use" occurs when the use of a medication or device deviates from what is mentioned in its US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) product label. Off-label use is common, legal, and an important source of innovation; however, it can be costly, and strong evidence of the efficacy and safety ...
Saeed Zubair M - - 2012
Aim:  The prevalence of abdominal wall herniation at the site of a previous temporary stoma is uncertain. This cohort study investigated the frequency of radiological abnormalities at the site of a closed diverting loop ileostomy. Method:  During a 5 year period, all patients in whom an ileostomy was raised and ...
Benndorf Paul - - 2012
Easy come, easy go: The first molecular SO(2) complexes of the lanthanides (Ln=Sm, Eu) are prepared. The compounds can reversibly coordinate gaseous SO(2) . Concomitant with the addition and removal of SO(2) , the color of the complexes changes reversibly. The structures of the SO(2) compounds could be confirmed in ...
Berg Wendie A WA American College of Radiology Imaging Network, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2012
Annual ultrasound screening may detect small, node-negative breast cancers that are not seen on mammography. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may reveal additional breast cancers missed by both mammography and ultrasound screening. To determine supplemental cancer detection yield of ultrasound and MRI in women at elevated risk for breast cancer. From ...
Alimoglu O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This article reports on patients with low rectal cancer treated with robot-assisted laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection. METHODS: Robot-assisted laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection was performed on seven patients in the General Surgery Clinic of Umraniye Training and Research Hospital between 2010 and 2011 by performing abdominal and perineal skin incisions using the ...
Rayamajhi M - - 2012
Sampling of mucosal antigens regulates immune responses but may also promote dissemination of mucosal pathogens. Lung dendritic cells (LDCs) capture antigens and traffic them to lung-draining lymph nodes (LDLNs) dependent on the chemokine receptor CCR7 (chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 7). LDCs also capture lung pathogens such as Bacillus anthracis (BA). ...
Baskerville Tracey A TA Glasgow Experimental MRI Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2012
Arterial spin labelling (ASL) is increasingly available for noninvasive cerebral blood flow (CBF) measurement in stroke research. Here, a pseudo-continuous ASL technique (pCASL) was evaluated against (99m)Tc-D, L-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime ((99m)Tc-HMPAO) autoradiography in a rat stroke model. The (99m)Tc-HMPAO was injected (intravenously, 225 MBq) during pCASL acquisition. The pCASL and (99m)Tc-HMPAO autoradiography ...
Shishani Kawkab - - 2012
This article provides a review of tobacco smoking using a hookah, an emerging threat to public health, especially among young adults. Knowledge deficits persist in regards to this form of smoking, because many perceive it as less harmful than cigarette smoking and little research is available. Knowledge about hookah smoking ...
Golombick Terry - - 2012
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) represent useful models for studying multiple myeloma precursor disease, and for developing early intervention strategies. Administering a 4g dose of curcumin, we performed a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over study, followed by an open-label extension study using an 8g dose ...
Nosek Marcianna - - 2012
Menopause, a natural stage in a woman's reproductive life, is not an illness; yet some women experience severe enough symptoms to cause a breakdown in the body similar to illness or other major health disruptions. As part of a larger narrative analysis investigation of distress during menopause, this case study ...
Maruyama Hitoshi - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To determine the safety and efficacy of anticoagulation treatment for portal vein thrombosis in cirrhosis patients with acute variceal bleeding, with patient eligibility determined by contrast ultrasonography findings. Materials and methods. This prospective study included 23 consecutive cirrhosis patients (63.8 ± 11.8 years old, 12 males and 11 ...
Sheng Xia - - 2012
CuInS(2) nanorod array structures are synthesized via a template-free and non-vacuum route for the first time. The obtained CuInS(2) thin films show promising conversion efficiency in a two-electrode photoelectrochemical cell.
Cao Liming L Department of Chemistry and Center for Chemical Methodologies and Library Development, 219 Parkman Avenue, 15260 Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2012
The intramolecular Staudinger-aza-Wittig reaction is used for a general synthesis of 1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1,2,4-triazines, a structural motif reported for the natural product noelaquinone. The DEF moiety of noelaquinone was obtained in 13 steps and 2% overall yield, and the structure of the synthetic product was confirmed by X-ray analysis.
Amsharov K Yu - - 2012
Building bowls: An effective intramolecular aryl-aryl coupling is the key step in rational fullerene synthesis and in synthesis of extended buckybowl structures. Such a process can be embodied very efficiently through quantitative HF elimination on active Al(2) O(3) . The process is characterized by an unprecedentedly high chemoselectivity and regiospecificity.
von Holstein Sarah Linéa - - 2012
Purpose:  To evaluate the incidence rate, distribution, patient characteristics and indications for surgical intervention of lacrimal gland lesions in Denmark between 1974 and 2007. Material and methods:  All biopsied/surgically removed lacrimal gland lesions in Denmark during the period 1974-2007 were identified by searching two population-based registries. Specimens were collected and ...
Park Young-Seok - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate osseointegration in rabbit tibiae and to investigate surface characteristics of novel zirconia implants made by powder injection molding (PIM) technique, using molds with and without roughened inner surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 20 rabbits received three types of external hex implants with identical geometry on ...
Mugweni Esther - - 2012
Little is known on how forced sex contributes to the sexual transmission of HIV in marriage. This paper describes traditional gender norms surrounding forced sex in Zimbabwean marriage. Data were collected from 4 focus group discussions and 36 in-depth interviews with married women and men in Harare. Results indicate that ...
Caton Alissa R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Examining seasonal patterns of birth defects may help to identify environmental risk factors. Because the teratogenic window for most birth defects is during gestational weeks 3 to 8, investigating exposures closer to the timing of conception is important. However, studies are usually based on month of birth, which is ...
Vicca S - - 2012
Ecology Letters (2012) ABSTRACT: Trees with sufficient nutrition are known to allocate carbon preferentially to aboveground plant parts. Our global study of 49 forests revealed an even more fundamental carbon allocation response to nutrient availability: forests with high-nutrient availability use 58 ± 3% (mean ± SE; 17 forests) of their photosynthates for plant biomass ...
Hagemeyer Nora - - 2012
Severe mental illnesses have been linked to white matter abnormalities, documented by postmortem studies. However, cause and effect have remained difficult to distinguish. CNP (2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase) is among the oligodendrocyte/myelin-associated genes most robustly reduced on mRNA and protein level in brains of schizophrenic, bipolar or major depressive patients. This ...
Hooper Thomas N - - 2012
Playing it cool: Almost all of the constituent parts of the complex [Ln(III) (4) M(II) (8) (OH)(8) (L)(8) (O(2) CR)(8) ]X(4) , namely the lanthanide ions Ln(3+) , the transition-metal ions M(2+) , the bridging ligand L, the carboxylates, and the counterions X can be exchanged, thus allowing a thorough ...
Geng Zhi-Cong - - 2012
Non-naturally enantioenriched cis-β-thio-α-amino acid derivatives were synthesized through one pot, cascade thio-Michael/ring opening reaction of aromatic thiols with (Z)-olefinic azlactones in good yields with high levels of diastereoselectivities and enantioselectivities, which was catalyzed by a chiral bifunctional thiourea-tertiary amine catalyst.
Zimberg Ioná Zalcman - - 2012
A reduction of sleep time has become common over the last century, and growing evidence from both epidemiological and laboratory-based studies suggests sleep curtailment is a new risk factor for the development of obesity. On this basis, the present review examines the role of sleep curtailment in the metabolic and ...
Nkyimbeng-Takwi E H - - 2012
To define the role of semaphorin 4A (Sema4A) in allergic response, we employed Sema4A⁻/⁻ and wild-type (WT) mice in the experimental model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic airway inflammation. We observed a selective increase in eosinophilic airway infiltration accompanied by bronchial epithelial cell hyperplasia in allergen-treated Sema4A⁻/⁻ mice relative to WT ...
Calvetti Daniela - - 2012
This work is a computational study based on a new detailed metabolic network model comprising well-mixed compartments representing separate cytosol and mitochondria of astrocytes, glutamatergic and gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons, communicating through an extracellular space compartment and fed by arterial blood flow. Our steady-state analysis assumes statistical mass balance ...
Balcázar José Luis - - 2012
Strain BFLP-10(T), isolated from faeces of wild long-snouted seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus), is a Gram-negative, motile and facultatively anaerobic rod. This bacterium produces inhibitory activity against Vibrio species. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain BFLP-10(T) was a member of the genus Vibrio and was most closely ...
Ringer R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To date, no attempt has been made to investigate the agreement between qualitative bone scintigraphy (BS) and the presence of complex regional pain syndrome 1 (CRPS 1) and the agreement between a negative BS in the absence of CRPS 1. AIMS: To summarize the existing evidence quantifying the concordance ...
McCarthy Molly C - - 2012
Schema theory posits that experiences of maltreatment result in the early development of maladaptive schemas (EMS; Young, Klosko, & Weishaar, 2003, Schema therapy: A practitioner's guide, The Guilford Press: New York, NY). EMS are organized by conditionality; unconditional schemas are theorized to develop early in childhood predominantly in response to ...
Baird Carolyn A - - 2012
As concern grows over the impact that accidental chemical exposures may have on the long term health of individuals, our young people are deliberately exposing themselves to the effect of neurotoxic chemicals with the intent of feeling high. Over time the result of inhaling these chemicals is often the development ...
Wörns Marcus A - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. To report the outcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in non-cirrhotic liver depending on the mode of primary treatment and to define clinicopathological factors influencing patients' prognosis. Methods. A retrospective analysis of an unselected cohort of 105 patients was performed. Overall survival (OS) was estimated by the ...
Eom Sung-Hwan - - 2012
Pancreatic lipase is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of diet-induced obesity in humans. In an ongoing search for new pancreatic lipase inhibitors from natural sources, a methanolic extract of marine brown algae, Eisenia bicyclis, showed a significant inhibitory effect against pancreatic lipase. Bioassay-guided isolation of this methanolic extract ...
Tschersich Carolin - - 2012
Noble metals meet a heavyweight: A pincer ligand brings together bismuth with gold and platinum, so that metallophilic interactions are established. According to DFT calculations, these interactions contain dominant metal→bismuth contributions.
Arrowsmith Merle - - 2012
The heteroleptic magnesium alkyl complex [CH{C(Me)NAr}(2)Mg(n)Bu] (Ar = 2,6-(i)Pr(2)C(6)H(3)) is reported as a highly efficient pre-catalyst for the hydroboration of aldehydes and ketones with pinacolborane.
Esacove Anne W - - 2012
The expanding reliance on the health sciences to address social problems is well documented, as are the effects of the social construction of public (health) problems on 'target' populations, intervention design and broader social systems. Less attention has been given in the literature to the cultural meanings that configure public ...
Wan Shaogui - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies have indicated that telomere length is associated with altered risk of various tumours including hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the association between telomere length and the risk of cirrhosis has not been reported. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, we used real-time quantitative ...
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