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Kovacs Gabor G - - 2012
Aims: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration with Pick bodies (Pick's disease) is characterized by the presence of tau immunoreactive spherical structures in the cytoplasm of neurons. In view of confusion about the molecular pathology of Pick's disease, we aimed to evaluate the spectrum of tau pathology and concomitant neurodegeneration-associated protein depositions in ...
Hounjet Lindsay J - - 2012
CO(2) snapper: Compounds containing both acidic and basic P,N functionalities have been prepared. Of these, two amidophosphoranes containing highly reactive PN bonds within four-membered rings react rapidly with CO(2) , resulting in relief of ring strain. These compounds demonstrate the utility of phosphorus as a Lewis acid for small-molecule activation.
Armstrong Elizabeth - - 2012
The incidence of cardiovascular disorders and stroke in Australian Aboriginal communities is more than twice as high as non-Indigenous Australians. Approximately 30% of people who survive stroke are left with some level of aphasia, and yet Indigenous Australians appear to be infrequent users of speech-language pathology services, and there is ...
Gyllenberg David - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Information on who uses antipsychotic medication is limited to cross-sectional data. The objective of this study was to study the patterns of psychopathology at age 8 years and antipsychotic use between the ages of 12 and 25 years. METHODS: A total of 5525 subjects from the Finnish Nationwide 1981 birth cohort ...
Mudalige Thilak Kumara - - 2012
Plasmonics and photonics demand new methods for the controlled construction of nanoparticle (NP) arrays. Complex, low-symmetry configurations of DNA-functionalized NPs are obtained by connection to scaffolds of branched and folded DNA nanostructures. However, the stabilization of these branched structures by Mg(2+) counterions also drives the uncontrolled aggregation of NPs. We ...
Moscarella E - - 2012
Background  Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by the association of sebaceous tumors or keratoacanthomas with an early onset visceral cancer in the spectrum of Lynch syndrome. Observations  A total of 20 sebaceous tumors including 18 sebaceous adenoma and two sebaceomas of six patients with MTS were analysed. ...
Yamamoto Sayoko - - 2012
A novel methodology is presented for evaluating a dynamic ensemble of oligosaccharide conformations by lanthanide-assisted NMR spectroscopy combined with molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The results obtained using the GM3 trisaccharide demonstrated that pseudocontact shift measurements offer a valuable experimental tool for the validation of MD simulations of highly flexible biomolecules.
Braet Caroline - - 2012
Cognitive theory is a prominent framework to study depression in both adults and adolescents. This theory stated that dysfunctional schemas are moderators (known as diathesis) in the association of current stress and psychopathology. However, in adolescents, less evidence has been found so far to corroborate the importance of these schemas. ...
Hung S-L - - 2012
Hung S-L, Chiang H-H, Wu C-Y, Hsu M-J, Chen Y-T. Effects of herpes simplex virus type 1 infection on immune functions of human neutrophils. J Periodont Res 2012. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2012.01476.x.© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective:  Herpesviruses may play roles in the development of periodontal diseases. This ...
Eager David B - - 2012
In Australia trampolines contribute one quarter of all childhood play equipment injuries. The objective of this study was to gather and evaluate injury data from a non-traditional, 'soft-edged', consumer trampoline, where the design aimed to minimise injuries from the equipment and from falling off. The manufacturer of the non-traditional trampoline ...
Lee Yongjae - - 2012
High-pressure ion exchange of small-pore zeolite K-natrolite allows immobilization of nominally non-exchangeable aliovalent cations such as trivalent europium. A sample exchanged at 3.0(1) GPa and 250 °C contains about 4.7 Eu(III) ions per unit cell, which is equivalent to over 90 % of the K(+) cations being exchanged.
Parmelee Dean - - 2012
Team-based learning™ (TBL) is an instructional strategy developed in the business school environment in the early 1990s by Dr Michaelsen who wanted the benefits of small group learning within large classes. In 2001, a US federal granting agency awarded funds for educators in the health sciences to learn about and ...
Fotsch E J - - 2012
As labeling has become more complex, effective provider communication has become more difficult. Until the HITECH (Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health) Act, which provided billions of federal payments to encourage the use of electronic health records (EHRs) and e-prescribing, adoption of EHRs was slow. Delivery of actionable ...
Bekö Sándor L - - 2012
Like most journals and newspapers worldwide Angewandte Chemie International Edition is printed with Pigment Red 57:1. M. U. Schmidt et al. report in their Communication (DOI: 10.1002/anie.201109082) that the actual shade of red depends on the hydration state and thus may change with the weather conditions. They solved the crystal ...
Muller Kate - - 2012
Background:  Hepatitis C treatment is successful in 40-80% of patients in drug sponsored registration trials. However, few studies have examined treatment outcomes in non-trial, routine clinical practice settings. Aims:  The aim of this study was to investigate the treatment outcomes and predictors of a sustained virological response in a routine ...
Yin Xuelai - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Dental implant distractors (DID) are an efficacious means of simultaneously augmenting the vertical bony height together with the installation of dental implants. Little is known about their biomechanical properties and osteointegration ability in the free fibula flap, where the periosteum is invariably damaged during the multiple osteotomies required for ...
Mitchell Greg W - - 2012
1. Determining how events interact across stages of the annual cycle is critical for understanding the factors that affect individual fitness. However, there is currently little information detailing how breeding events influence migratory behaviour. 2. Using an automated digital telemetry array and an isolated island-breeding population of Savannah sparrows Passerculus sandwichensis, we ...
Bedard Tanya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common type of congenital anomaly, with a wide range of reported birth prevalence estimates. This quality assurance study describes CHD case ascertainment by the Alberta Congenital Anomalies Surveillance System (ACASS). METHODS: ACASS data for CHD cases were compared with additional sources including ...
Pilatz A - - 2012
Background  In adults, human papillomaviruses (HPV), lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LSA) and phimosis are considered to be major risk factors for penile cancer. In boys, a possible association between phimosis, LSA and HPV has been suggested. Objective  To investigate the role of HPV in the persistence of phimosis in children. ...
Han Fang - - 2012
Narcolepsy cataplexy syndrome is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, hypnagogic hallucinations and disturbed nocturnal sleep. It is strongly associated with the genetic marker, human leucocyte antigen (HLA) DQB1*06:02. A deficit in the endogenous hypocretin/orexin system due to neuronal degeneration in the lateral hypothalamus, induced by an autoimmune-mediated ...
Lima X T - - 2012
Background  Validated epidemiological estimates of the prevalence of skin diseases remain an unmet challenge. Most patients in many health care systems do not see dermatologists for skin problems. Assessments based on claims data or self-report are likely to contain substantial misclassification. Population-based in-person dermatological exams have proven impractical because of ...
Zhabenko Nataliya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is an important symptom in alcohol-dependent patients because it may persist despite abstinence and predispose to relapse to drinking. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical correlates of insomnia in a sample of 302 alcohol-dependent patients admitted to treatment programs in Poland. ...
Lin Ching-Min - - 2012
Corbicula fluminea, the primary freshwater bivalve cultivated in Taiwan, was formerly used as a remedy for hepatitis. However, whether C. fluminea has any influence on inflammation is still unclear. This study explored the anti-inflammatory activity of C. fluminea. Chloroform extracts (CCEs) significantly lower the release of LPS-induced proinflammatory cytokines in ...
Macdonald Christy - - 2012
Introduction:  Numerous factors influence career decisions for Internal Medicine Trainees and Fellows. There is a perception that a greater emphasis is placed on work-family balance by younger physicians(1) . Aims:  To determine the characteristics of the modern Internal Medicine Workforce, and ascertain whether job flexibility is important to career decision ...
Humblot Vincent - - 2012
Adsorption of biomolecules at metal surfaces often creates 2D ordering of the adlayers. However metal substrate reconstruction is less commonly observed, unless upon annealing of the molecule/surface system. Here, we report on the drastic room temperature reconstruction of the Au(111) surface driven by the adsorption of tripeptides IGF molecules. STM ...
Megiatto Jackson D - - 2012
A straightforward procedure based on the formation of intramolecular hydrogen bonds to impart selectivity in the preparation of multi-functionalized porphyrins has been developed. To illustrate the concept, the synthesis of a biomimetic artificial photosynthetic model able to undergo electron and proton transfer reactions upon irradiation is reported.
Jenaro C - - 2012
Background  Concepts such as support, quality of life and quality of services are customary in services for people with intellectual disabilities. The identification of the different ways of conceiving, prioritising and implementing these concepts by service providers can help to drive changes to achieve better personal outcomes for this population. ...
Qin Jian - - 2012
The RAFT agents RAFT-1 and RAFT-2 were used for RAFT polymerization to synthesize well-defined bimodal molecular-weight-distribution (MWD) polymers. The system showed excellent controllability and "living" characteristics toward both the higher- and lower-molecular-weight fractions. It is important that bimodal higher-molecular-weight (HMW) polymers and block copolymers with both well-controlled molecular weight (MW) ...
Wagener Theodore L - - 2012
Concerns have been raised that the advent of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may be harmful to public health, and smokers have been advised by important agencies such as the US Food and Drug Administration not to use them. This paper argues that, while more research is needed on the cost-benefit equation ...
Khajehpour Kamran J - - 2012
We synthesised a novel gold-on-porous silicon hybrid material that exhibits a highly sensitive and reproducible surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) response. The material was fabricated simply by reducing gold chloride with hydrofluoric acid on the surface of macro-porous silicon (macro-PSi). The material consists of thorn-shaped gold nanocrystals with characteristic shapes and ...
Ramos-Silva Paula - - 2012
The formation of the molluskan shell is regulated by an array of extracellular proteins secreted by the calcifying epithelial cells of the mantle. These proteins remain occluded within the recently formed biominerals. To date, many shell proteins have been retrieved, but only a few of them, such as nacreins, have ...
Bendorf Aric - - 2012
During the past 20 years Australian federal and state governments have funded many initiatives to bolster organ donation. Despite large investments of time, effort and money, Australia's deceased donation rate is amongst the world's lowest and has only slightly increased from 11.9 donors per million people (pmp) in 1990 to ...
Liang Chung-Yu - - 2012
  Psoriasis of the nail greatly affects quality of life because of the difficulty in achieving long-lasting remission. Pustular psoriasis of the nail apparatus is characterized by the formation of sterile pustules, starting on one or two fingers or less often on the toes, and spontaneous improvement has rarely been ...
Yao Bo - - 2012
Two is better than one: In the presence of Pd(OAc)(2) and Cu(OAc)(2) , o-(1-alkynyl)benzamides 1 were converted into bis-iminobenzoisofurans with an axially chiral 1,3-diene 2 unit. The coexistence of both Pd and Cu catalysts was found to be essential for both the cyclizative dimerization process and for the observed unusual cyclization ...
Dominguez C A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain of neuropathic nature after spinal cord injury (SCI) is common and its underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Genes, as well as sex, have been implicated, but not thoroughly investigated in experimental genetic models for complex traits. We have previously found that inbred Dark-Agouti (DA) rats develop more ...
Knight Rod - - 2012
Sexually transmitted infection testing rates among young men remain low, and their disengagement from sexual health services has been linked to enactments of masculinity that prohibit or truncate discussions of sexual health. Understanding how men align with multiple masculinities is therefore important for tailoring interventions that appropriately respond to their ...
Zimnoch Miroslaw - - 2012
Regular measurements of atmospheric CO (2) mixing ratios and their carbon isotope composition ((13)C/(12)C and (14)C/(12)C ratios) performed between 2005 and 2009 at two sites of contrasting characteristics (Krakow and the remote mountain site Kasprowy Wierch) located in southern Poland were used to derive fossil fuel-related and biogenic contributions to ...
Ghazi S - - 2012
Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic disease, affecting 0.5-2% worldwide. The Massachusetts Male Aging Study reported that up to 75% of men with diabetes have a lifetime risk of developing ED. Type 2 diabetes is associated with low total serum testosterone (TT) identified in several cross-sectional studies and systemic analyses. ...
Mugweni Esther - - 2012
Little is known on how forced sex contributes to the sexual transmission of HIV in marriage. This paper describes traditional gender norms surrounding forced sex in Zimbabwean marriage. Data were collected from 4 focus group discussions and 36 in-depth interviews with married women and men in Harare. Results indicate that ...
Caton Alissa R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Examining seasonal patterns of birth defects may help to identify environmental risk factors. Because the teratogenic window for most birth defects is during gestational weeks 3 to 8, investigating exposures closer to the timing of conception is important. However, studies are usually based on month of birth, which is ...
Vicca S - - 2012
Ecology Letters (2012) ABSTRACT: Trees with sufficient nutrition are known to allocate carbon preferentially to aboveground plant parts. Our global study of 49 forests revealed an even more fundamental carbon allocation response to nutrient availability: forests with high-nutrient availability use 58 ± 3% (mean ± SE; 17 forests) of their photosynthates for plant biomass ...
Hooper Thomas N - - 2012
Playing it cool: Almost all of the constituent parts of the complex [Ln(III) (4) M(II) (8) (OH)(8) (L)(8) (O(2) CR)(8) ]X(4) , namely the lanthanide ions Ln(3+) , the transition-metal ions M(2+) , the bridging ligand L, the carboxylates, and the counterions X can be exchanged, thus allowing a thorough ...
Geng Zhi-Cong - - 2012
Non-naturally enantioenriched cis-β-thio-α-amino acid derivatives were synthesized through one pot, cascade thio-Michael/ring opening reaction of aromatic thiols with (Z)-olefinic azlactones in good yields with high levels of diastereoselectivities and enantioselectivities, which was catalyzed by a chiral bifunctional thiourea-tertiary amine catalyst.
Zimberg Ioná Zalcman - - 2012
A reduction of sleep time has become common over the last century, and growing evidence from both epidemiological and laboratory-based studies suggests sleep curtailment is a new risk factor for the development of obesity. On this basis, the present review examines the role of sleep curtailment in the metabolic and ...
Håkanson Cecilia - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 Learning about oneself through others. Experiences of a group-based patient education programme about irritable bowel syndrome Background:  People with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) often experience severe illness-related troubles in their everyday lives. Many persons also perceive their disease-related knowledge to be insufficient, and they feel ...
Crawford Gregory B - - 2012
Background:  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an increasing cause of mortality. However, people with COPD are unlikely to receive care that meets the needs of themselves or their carers at the end-of-life. Aims:  To explore the needs of people with end-stage COPD in South Australia and develop recommendations for ...
Blomberg John - - 2012
Abstract Background. Insertion of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is an increasingly common procedure in patients with nutritional needs and dysphagia. Better knowledge of rates and patterns of complications after PEG might influence decision-making. Material and methods. The objective was to prospectively evaluate the rate of six pre-defined complications (leakage, ...
Cheng Hong - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: Cheng and collegues reported the modified methods for measurement of the glomerular diameter, and also reorted the normal value range of glomerular diameter in Chinese adults. ABSTRACT: Aim:  Identification of glomerulomegaly is a prerequisite for diagnosis of obesity-related glomerulopathy, so measurement of glomerular size is of ...
Hiuge-Shimizu Aki - - 2012
Aim: Multiple risk factor syndrome is a target for the prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). A cluster of multiple risk factors, such as hypertension, glucose intolerance, and/or dyslipidemia, is encountered in Japanese without and with excess visceral fat. The present study investigated the relationship between multiple risk factor accumulation ...
Firoz Elnaz F - - 2012
  We report a case of allergic contact dermatitis to WEBCOL(®) alcohol prep pads in a healthy 17-year-old girl who showed no reaction to the individual components of the prep pads upon provocative use testing. Although several case reports have described allergic contact dermatitis to isopropyl alcohol, there have been ...
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