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Gates Deanna H - - 2012
Individuals with transtibial amputation (TTA) have a high incidence of falls during walking. Environmental factors, such as uneven ground, often play a contributing role in these falls. The purpose of this study was to quantify the adaptations TTA made when walking on a destabilizing loose rock surface. In this study, ...
Meer Aabed B - - 2012
The aims of this study were to analyze the distribution and amount of ionizing radiation delivered by CT scans in the modern era of high-speed CT and to estimate cancer risk in the elderly, the patient group most frequently imaged using CT scanning. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using ...
Ishii Masaru - - 2012
Recent major advances in biomedical imaging techniques have allowed us to visualise a variety of previously unseen biological phenomena. In particular, advanced fluorescent microscopy and radioimaging have enabled us to visualise cellular and molecular dynamics in living animals and humans. These new technologies have identified novel therapeutic targets against a ...
McIlroy Russell F - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The history of The Urological Society of Australasia was written by Sally Wilde and published by Hyland House in 1999.Whilst this documented geographical and numerical growth along with some structural changes, it did not discuss the change in and ...
Keith Douglas R - - 2012
: Maternal breast milk is considered the nutritional "gold standard" for all infants, especially premature infants. However, preterm mothers are at risk of not producing adequate milk. Multiple factors affect the production of milk, including stress, fatigue, and the separation of the breastfeeding dyad-for example, when mother or infant is ...
Roberts Lee D LD Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2012
The metabolome is the terminal downstream product of the genome and consists of the total complement of all the low-molecular-weight molecules (metabolites) in a cell, tissue, or organism. Metabolomics aims to measure a wide breadth of small molecules in the context of physiological stimuli or disease states. Metabolomics methodologies fall ...
Rissanen Marja-Liisa - - 2012
This study focused on the views of Finnish nurses in regards to providing help for adolescents who self-mutilate. Nine nurses participated, and when the interviews and written descriptions were qualitatively analysed, four main categories of information emerged. The first category comprises the nurses' views on self-mutilation. The second category describes ...
Miyazawa Hideyuki - - 2012
Placozoans are marine invertebrates found in tropical and subtropical waters. Their body plan is among the simplest of free-living animals. The present study determined the mitochondrial genome sequence of a placozoan collected on the coast of Shirahama, Wakayama, Honshu, Japan, and compared it with those of Trichoplax adhaerens from the ...
Fang Yu-Chiung YC Department of Nursing, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Taiwan, - - 2012
The rate of allogenic blood preparation for an elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been as high as 100% at our institute. However, most (76.2%) of these preparations were wasted. This project worked to reduce unnecessary blood preparations for this elective procedure and reduce resource expenditures. Key issues identified as ...
Gow Rachel V - - 2012
SUMMARY: Abnormal event-related potential (ERP) responses have been reported in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and a medication history compared with in healthy controls during tasks of response control and conflict inhibition. This study reports neurophysiologic correlates of a task dependent on these cognitive functions in ...
Ohtani Junji - - 2012
Hemifacial microsomia is the most common congenital craniofacial anomaly after cleft lip and palate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the final outcome of team care for patients with hemifacial microsomia after a protocol of growth management, orthodontic treatment, orthognathic surgery, and soft-tissue augmentation. This was a retrospective ...
Jirků Milan - - 2012
Comparison of diagnostic methods for Plasmodium spp. in humans from Uganda and the Central African Republic showed that parasites can be efficiently detected by PCR in fecal samples. These results, which rely solely on PCR-based examination of feces, validate numerous estimates of the prevalence of malaria in great apes.
Han Kuo-Ching - - 2012
Schizophrenia-related violent behavior is a social stigma borne by schizophrenic patients and a highly painful burden faced by caregivers. This study focused on how primary caregivers deal with schizophrenic patient violent behavior and factors that affect this burden. Researchers recruited a purposive sample from the acute wards of a psychiatric ...
Eccher Matthew - - 2012
Retrospective review of a prospectively collected, multicenter database. To assess the rates of new neurologic deficit (NND) associated with spine surgery. New neurologic deficit is a potential complication of spine surgery but previously reported rates are often limited by small sample size and single-surgeon experiences. The Scoliosis Research Society morbidity ...
Vargervik Karin - - 2012
A multidisciplinary conference was convened in March 2010 with the charge to develop parameters of care for patients with craniosynostosis. The 52 participants represented 16 medical specialties and 16 professional societies. Herein, we present the dental, orthodontic, and surgical care recommendations for those with craniosynostosis, with special emphasis on craniosynostosis ...
Cleveland Lisa M - - 2012
: To explore the experiences of Mexican-American mothers who have had infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). : A convenience sample of 15 English-speaking, Mexican-American women was interviewed. : The study used an exploratory qualitative approach. : Data collection was conducted through audiotaped, transcribed, semistructured, individual interviews and ...
Li Hairi H Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, - - 2012
Large-scale, quantitative analysis of gene expression can be accomplished by microarray or RNA-seq analysis. While these methods are applicable to genome-wide analysis, it is often desirable to quantify expression of a more limited set of genes in hundreds, thousands, or even tens of thousands of biological samples. For example, some ...
Marston Denise A DA Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, - - 2012
Evidence in support of a novel lyssavirus was obtained from brain samples of an African civet in Tanzania. Results of phylogenetic analysis of nucleoprotein gene sequences from representative Lyssavirus species and this novel lyssavirus provided strong empirical evidence that this is a new lyssavirus species, designated Ikoma lyssavirus.
Shattell Mona M - - 2012
The author responds to Dr. Shattell's suggestion (Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 30(5), 2009) that it may be time to add psychic pain to the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' pain management standard. Before we do so, some level of agreement is necessary on issues concerning terminology, measurement, ...
Okada Wataru - - 2012
Interdisciplinary treatment was used for an adult patient born with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate. He had a severe maxillary deficiency with a wide cleft involving the alveolar and maxillary bone and palate. Reconstruction of the arches and occlusion in patients who missed the optimal treatment time is a ...
Jack Gregory S - - 2012
•  To examine the early outcomes and complications of integrating laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) into a public teaching hospital in Australia. •  An outcomes review from prospectively collected data on our initial 50 cases of LPN. •  The median follow-up was 36 months with a minimum follow-up of 2 years and a ...
Yoshikawa Natsuhiko - - 2012
We conducted a comprehensive allozymic analysis of 393 specimens of the Japanese clawed salamander, Onychodactylus japonicus, from 33 populations of northeastern Honshu, Japan. As a result, these populations exhibited extensive geographic genetic differentiation, and four major genetic groups (N-Tohoku, S-Tohoku, Tsukuba, and SW-Honshu groups) were consistently recognized. Of these, the ...
Harris Julie A - - 2012
Harnessing the natural ability of viruses to infect post-mitotic cells such as neurons has provided an explosion of new methods to manipulate and reconstruct neural circuits in vivo. Here we describe the use of recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors (rAAV) for axonal tract tracing in nontransgenic and transgenic Cre driver mice. ...
Cordeiro Rossana de Aguiar Rde - - 2012
To analyze the eco-epidemiologic aspects of Histoplasma capsulatum in Brazil, we tested 83 bats for this fungus. Although H. capsulatum was not isolated, Coccidioides posadasii was recovered from Carollia perspicillata bat lungs. Immunologic studies detected coccidioidal antibodies and antigens in Glossophaga soricina and Desmodus rotundus bats.
Sakaguchi Katsuyoshi - - 2012
Oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome is a rare syndrome characterized by ocular, facial, cardiac, and dental disorders. Only about 20 cases have been reported to date. The most prominent of the various features of this syndrome is canine radiculomegaly. Other features include a long and narrow face, a high nasal bridge, a ...
Takeuchi Tsutomu - - 2012
The prototype autoimmune disease, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), has been known to be associated with deficiency of ζ chain, a component of the T-cell receptor-CD3 complex. Comprehensive analysis has shown that expression of the CD3 ζ chain is attenuated or absent in over half of SLE patients. Furthermore, aberrant transcripts ...
van Tuyn John - - 2012
Cellular senescence is a stable proliferation arrest induced by triggers such as short telomeres, activated oncogenes and genotoxic stress. Two studies show that cellular senescence induced by genotoxic stress depends on chronic DNA-damage signalling from irreparable damage to telomeres. Hence, dysfunctional or damaged telomeres are the initiators of multiple modes ...
Kamiya Kyoko - - 2012
The identification of balanomorph larvae plays an important role in ecological study and for protection against biofouling. However, it is difficult to identify species of cyprids (settling larvae) of balanomorph barnacles, as they show remarkably similar morphology. Some authors have suggested distinguishing cyprids of different species by carapace length, pigmentation, ...
Maiorana Andre - - 2012
Disclosure of HIV serostatus by HIV-infected individuals is considered a prevention strategy, under the assumption that disclosure will prompt risk reduction practices among sex partners. We examined patients' self-reports regarding disclosure messages they found relevant as part of prevention with positives (PwP) interventions in clinical settings. We conducted 52 in-depth ...
Vigneault Francois - - 2012
Next-generation sequencing offers many advantages over other methods of microRNA (miRNA) expression profiling, such as sample throughput and the capability to discover novel miRNAs. As the sequencing depth of current sequencing platforms exceeds what is necessary to quantify miRNAs, multiplexing several samples in one sequencing run offers a significant cost ...
Abdel-Wahab May - - 2012
Image-based radiation treatment planning and localization have contributed to better targeting of the prostate and sparing of normal tissues. Guidelines are needed to address radiation dose delivery, including patient setup and immobilization, target volume definition, treatment planning, treatment delivery methods, and target localization. Guidelines for external-beam radiation treatment planning have ...
Leung Musetta Y MY RTI International, 1440 Main St., Ste. 310, Waltham, MA 02451-1623, USA. - - 2012
Advancements in biologics and personalized medicine and the implementation of national prescription drug policies have likely prompted payers to implement additional health technology assessment and cost-containment strategies. A payer's decision to provide coverage for a drug and its associated benefit design draws on information from many sources. However, there is ...
Cram Peter P Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2012
To examine outcomes of Medicare enrollees who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in top-ranked orthopedic hospitals identified through the U.S. News & World Report hospital rankings and 2 comparison groups of hospitals. We used Medicare Part A data to identify patients who underwent primary TKA between January 1, 2006, ...
Carson Paul J - - 2012
To determine risk for West Nile virus (WNV) neuroinvasive disease in North Dakota, we tested plasma samples from blood donors for WNV IgG and compared infection rates with reported WNV neuroinvasive disease incidence. We estimate that 1 in 244 WNV infections leads to neuroinvasive disease; risk is substantially increased among ...
Wang Mei-Wen - - 2012
Detailed descriptions of nursing shift tasks are necessary to achieve comprehensive nursing care. The 22 cases of postoperative recovery ward error reported by our unit included chest tube obstructions, lost dentures and other nursing issues. To improve patient health and nurse shift quality, our unit established an ad hoc group ...
Bathala Lokesh - - 2012
To assess the relationship between the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the ulnar nerve by ultrasound (US) with clinical and electrophysiologic findings in Hansen ulnar neuropathy. Twenty-one patients (42 arms) with Hansen disease (mean age 30.0 ± 12.97, range 13-61 years, borderline tuberculoid 29%, borderline lepromatous, 19% lepromatous leprosy 42%, and ...
Ristau Benjamin T - - 2012
The reference standard treatment of upper tract urothelial carcinoma is open radical nephroureterectomy. Many centers have advocated less-invasive treatment modalities. We reviewed contemporary treatments of upper tract urothelial carcinoma and their outcomes. A MEDLINE search was conducted for all relevant published data during the past 15 years. Endoscopic management is ...
Gobbi Federico - - 2012
In 2010, in Veneto Region, Italy, surveillance of summer fevers was conducted to promptly identify autochthonous cases of West Nile fever and increase detection of imported dengue and chikungunya in travelers. Surveillance highlighted the need to modify case definitions, train physicians, and when a case is identified, implement vector control ...
Biswas Swati - - 2012
Dendrimers have emerged as promising carriers for the delivery of a wide variety of pay-loads including therapeutic drugs, imaging agents and nucleic acid materials into biological systems. The current work aimed to develop a novel mitochondria-targeted generation 5 poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer (G(5)-D). To achieve this goal, a known mitochondriotropic ligand ...
Weyrich Alexandra - - 2012
Semen consists of spermatozoa and the seminal fluid, also called seminal plasma. This fluid is important for the survival of the spermatozoa, but may decrease the purity and thus quality of the DNA due to its fructose and protein content. In this protocol, spermatozoa are washed with ethanol to remove ...
de Steenwinkel Jurriaan E M - - 2012
To determine differences in the ability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains to withstand antituberculosis drug treatment, we compared the activity of antituberculosis drugs against susceptible Beijing and East-African/Indian genotype M. tuberculosis strains. Beijing genotype strains showed high rates of mutation within a wide range of drug concentrations, possibly explaining this genotype's ...
Williams Christine L - - 2012
There have been few reported studies of communication between spouses with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia. An observer rating scale for verbal and nonverbal behavior, Verbal-Nonverbal Interaction Scale for Caregivers (VNVIS-CG), was developed to study caregiver communication in couples affected by AD. Preliminary psychometric testing showed that the VNVIS-CG ...
Rocha Roberto - - 2012
A girl with an Angle Class III malocclusion, anterior and posterior crossbites, a concave profile, and cleft lip and palate sought orthodontic treatment. She was treated with a multidisciplinary therapeutic protocol including orthodontic and surgical procedures. The proposed objectives of occlusion, normal function, and balanced profile were achieved, and these ...
Bacsu Chasta-Dawne - - 2012
•  Detrusor sphincter dyssynergia (DSD) is variant of neurogenic bladder dysfunction caused by suprasacral neurological abnormalities and may be associated with serious complications if unrecognised. •  This paper focuses on the clinical features as well as challenges and limitations in the diagnosis of DSD.
Wilson John W JW Division of Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2012
Nocardia, a gram-positive bacillus with the microscopic appearance of branching hyphae, can produce considerable disease in the appropriate host. The taxonomy of Nocardia continues to evolve; more than 50 species have been described. Early recognition and effective therapy are imperative to achieve successful outcomes. Although nocardiosis typically occurs in patients ...
Alencar Jeronimo - - 2012
We compared two types of light traps used for monitoring mosquito abundance in the hydroelectric reservoir of Simplício, Além Paraíba - Minas Gerais. Mosquitoes were captured bimonthly using automatic CDC and Shannon traps before the filling of the hydroelectric plant reservoir from December 2008 to December 2009. In total, 1474 ...
Milazzo Mary L - - 2012
To increase our knowledge of the geographic distribution of hantaviruses associated with neotomine or sigmodontine rodents in Mexico, we tested 876 cricetid rodents captured in 18 Mexican states (representing at least 44 species in the subfamily Neotominae and 10 species in the subfamily Sigmodontinae) for anti-hantavirus IgG. We found antibodies ...
Fernandez-Fernandez Alicia - - 2012
AbstractNear-infrared (NIR) fluorophores are the focus of extensive research for combined molecular imaging and hyperthermia. In this study, we showed that the cyanine dye IR820 has optical and thermal generation properties similar to those of indocyanine green (ICG) but with improved in vitro and in vivo stability. The fluorescent emission ...
Korepanova Alla - - 2012
Determination of the oligomeric state of integral membrane proteins in detergent solutions is a challenging task because the amount of detergent associated with the protein is typically unknown and unpredictable. Methods that estimate the molecular weight of proteins from their hydrodynamic properties in solution are not suitable for detergent-solubilized membrane ...
Huang Yu-Chu - - 2012
Advanced information technologies and increasingly convenient transportation links have drawn countries forward into the current era of globalization, while growing transnational migration has encouraged multicultural trends. The difficulties new immigrants have in adapting to their adopted culture is an issue to which healthcare must be sensitive and responsive. Information on ...
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