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Lai Wei-Cheng - - 2012
We experimentally demonstrated photonic crystal microcavity based resonant sensors coupled to photonic crystal waveguides in silicon nano-membrane on insulator for chemical and bio-sensing. Linear L-type microcavities are considered. In contrast to cavities with small mode volumes, but low quality factors for bio-sensing, we showed increasing the length of the microcavity ...
Alvarez-Lerma Francisco - - 2012
In non-immunocompromised patients admitted to intensive care departments or units (ICU), it is difficult to establish a definitive diagnosis of pulmonary aspergillosis because the signs and symptoms of this infectious disease are non-specific, and serological techniques are not very specific as well. For this reason, a diagnosis of possible pulmonary ...
Englund Michelle M MM Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Road, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2012
This study extends previous research investigating the developmental pathways predicting adolescent alcohol and marijuana use by examining the cascading effects of externalizing and internalizing symptoms and academic competence in the prediction of use and level of use of these substances in adolescence. Participants (N=191) were drawn from a longitudinal study ...
Goronzy Jörg J JJ Division of Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, 269 Campus Drive West, Stanford, CA, 94305-5166, USA. - - 2012
Age is an important risk for autoimmunity, and many autoimmune diseases preferentially occur in the second half of adulthood when immune competence has declined and thymic T cell generation has ceased. Many tolerance checkpoints have to fail for an autoimmune disease to develop, and several of those are susceptible to ...
Castelluccio Donna - - 2012
The current lack of perioperative clinical rotations in nursing schools makes it imperative that perioperative nurses create ways to entice the next generation of nurses to work in the OR. At Danbury Hospital, Danbury, Connecticut, the OR manager and clinical educators looked at the challenges that nursing students face in ...
Reindollar Richard H - - 2012
Gonadotropin therapy has been a cornerstone of infertility therapy for half a century. From the very beginning, its use has been associated with a high rate of multiple births, particularly high order multiples, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Initially, success rates seemed acceptable when used for superovulation (SO)/IUI therapy. However, as ...
Chaudhry Hans - - 2012
A mathematical model is developed to determine the relationship between stretch and the orientation of fibers in the fascia. The transversely isotropic stress- strain relation for large displacements valid for the human fascia reinforced by the collagen fibers is employed. The relation between the orientation of fibers in the un-deformed ...
Kim Phillip D - - 2012
Isobaric multiplexed quantitative proteomics can complement high-resolution sample isolation techniques. Here, we report a simple workflow exponentially modified protein abundance index (emPAI)-MW deconvolution (EMMOL) for normalizing isobaric reporter ratios within and between experiments, where small or unknown amounts of protein are used. EMMOL deconvolutes the isobaric tags for relative and ...
Grootaert Charlotte - - 2012
Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) has been identified as a multifunctional signal protein. It is produced by a variety of tissues, and is secreted into the bloodstream in glycosylated, oligomerized, native and cleaved isoforms to modulate physiological events such as angiogenesis, cell differentiation and the crosstalk between liver, brain, adipose and ...
Riu Jordi - - 2012
The viability and performance of using a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) in atmospheric lidar applications is experimentally compared against the well-established use of photomultiplier tubes. By using a modified lidar setup for simultaneous data acquisition of both types of sensors, we demonstrate that a SiPM can offer appropriate qualities for this ...
Liao Yue - - 2012
The behavior of schools of zebrafish (Danio rerio) was studied in acute toxicity environments. Behavioral features were extracted and a method for water quality assessment using support vector machine (SVM) was developed. The behavioral parameters of fish were recorded and analyzed during one hour in an environment of a 24-h ...
Balderramo Domingo - - 2012
Anastomotic strictures (ASs) of the biliary duct after liver transplantation (LT) are primarily managed with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), but in some cases, this fails because of difficulties in passing the strictures. The aim of this case-control study was to examine specific risk factors for initial ERCP failure and the ...
Lin Jing - - 2012
To investigate the pathogenesis of stress myocardial injury. Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups, with 10 rats in each group: normal control group, movement restriction and ice swimming stress group (rat movement was restricted 6 hours per day; beginning from 13th day rats were allowed to swim ...
Suresh Sekar - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the role of aging\edentulousness on the maxillary arch, the size of the alveolar process, the shape and thickness of the hard palate in the South Indian dry skulls to customize more appropriate treatment of elderly edentulous patients. METHODS: One hundred dry ...
Sen H Nida - - 2012
To evaluate the safety and possible efficacy of subconjunctival sirolimus for the treatment of chronic active anterior uveitis. Prospective, nonrandomized, open-label clinical trial. This single-center pilot trial enrolled 5 patients with chronic active anterior uveitis. The study drug was administered as a single subconjunctival injection of 30 μL (1320 μg) ...
Waterman Alyson Lee - - 2012
In patients with Marfan syndrome, the complications of aortic degeneration, including dissection, aneurysm, and rupture represent the main cause of mortality. Although contemporary management of ascending aortic disease requires open surgical reconstruction, endovascular repair is now available for management of descending thoracic and abdominal aortic pathology (ie, thoracic endovascular aortic ...
Szameit A - - 2012
Coherent Diffractive Imaging (CDI) is an algorithmic imaging technique where intricate features are reconstructed from measurements of the freely diffracting intensity pattern. An important goal of such lensless imaging methods is to study the structure of molecules that cannot be crystallized. Ideally, one would want to perform CDI at the ...
Yamaguti Wellington P - - 2012
Yamaguti WP, Claudino RC, Neto AP, Chammas MC, Gomes AC, Salge JM, Moriya HT, Cukier A, Carvalho CR. Diaphragmatic breathing training program improves abdominal motion during natural breathing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled trial. To investigate the effects of a diaphragmatic breathing training program (DBTP) ...
Henneman Elizabeth A - - 2012
Surveillance is a nursing intervention that has been identified as an important strategy in preventing and identifying medical errors and adverse events. The definition of surveillance proposed by the Nursing Intervention Classification is the purposeful and ongoing acquisition, interpretation, and synthesis of patient data for clinical decision making. The term ...
Migliori G B - - 2012
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) jointly developed European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ESTC) aimed at providing European Union (EU)-tailored standards for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis (TB). The International Standards for TB Care (ISTC) were developed in ...
Li Xu - - 2012
Aeromedical evacuation (AE), which is not well-developed in many less-developed countries, becomes increasingly important in preserving function and saving lives during disasters. Our primary goal was to describe and analyze the age, specialty, the relevant training or operational experience, attitude toward professional training, and main difficulties during aeromedical evacuation in ...
Lehmann Maryann M Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Radiology and Medicine, College of Dentistry, New York University, New York City, NY 10010, - - 2012
Members of the practice-based research network Practitioners Engaged in Applied Research and Learning (PEARL) Network investigated the dentin caries activity in early occlusal lesions and its relationship to patient age, preoperative tooth sensitivity and radiographic appearance, as well as its influence on preparation depth and volume. PEARL Network practitioner-investigators (P-Is) ...
Uchiyama Taku - - 2012
We report the case of a 24-year-old woman with cervicothoracic subpial lipoma not associated with spinal dysraphism. She complained of back pain, gait disturbance, and sensory disturbance of the both lower extremities. MRI revealed a hyperintense mass lesion that was dorsolateral to the spinal cord in the intradural region between ...
Dantas Danielle Andrade da Silva - - 2012
To compare the components of the extracellular matrix in the lateral pharyngeal muscular wall in patients with and without obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This may help to explain the origin of the increased collapsibility of the pharynx in patients with OSA. Specimens from the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle, obtained during ...
Delcea Mihaela - - 2012
A nanoplasmonics based opto-nanoporation method of creating nanopores upon laser illumination is applied for inducing diffusion and triggered release of small and large molecules from red blood cells (RBCs). The method is implemented using absorbing gold nanoparticle (AuNP) aggregates on the membrane of loaded RBCs which, upon near-IR (infrared) laser ...
Gómez-Menchero Antonio E - - 2012
Coronary angiography is the gold standard for the study of coronary artery disease. This technique requires several orthogonal projections. Rotational angiography is a new technique which involves pre-set rotation of the X-ray tube around the patient and allows visualization of each coronary artery in different views, using a single contrast ...
Brown Matthew S - - 2012
To investigate volumetric and density changes in the ipsilateral and contralateral lobes following volume reduction of an emphysematous target lobe. The study included 289 subjects with heterogeneous emphysema, who underwent bronchoscopic volume reduction of the most diseased lobe with endobronchial valves and 132 untreated controls. Lobar volume and low-attenuation relative ...
Agiovlasitis Stamatis - - 2012
This study examined the relationship between energy expenditure and wrist accelerometer output during walking in persons with and without Down syndrome (DS). Energy expenditure in metabolic equivalent units (METs) and activity-count rate were respectively measured with portable spirometry and a uniaxial wrist accelerometer in 17 persons with DS (age: 24.7 ...
Lau Susanne - - 2012
Lower prevalence of atopy was found in children with continuous exposure to livestock and thus to microbial compounds. In animal models exposure to endotoxin (LPS) decreases allergic sensitization and airway inflammation. We sought to evaluate the effect of orally applied bacterial lysate in infancy on the prevalence of atopic dermatitis ...
Zhao Ningbo - - 2012
We study a novel scheme named the spontaneous parametric fiber loop (SPFL), configured by deliberately introducing dispersive elements into the nonlinear Sagnac loop, and show it can function as a passive switch of photon pairs. The two-photon state coming out of SPFL highly depends on the dispersion induced phase difference ...
Ueba Tetsuya - - 2012
A 19-month-old child was gradually suffering from gait disturbance and was referred by his pediatrician to the authors' institution. Spinal MRI showed Gd-enhanced spinal cord tumor and congestive myelopathy. Intraoperatively the lesion was seen to be a hemangioblastoma. Because discrimination of the arterialized draining veins from the feeding arteries was ...
Liu Chen-jian - - 2012
This research was aimed at isolating and identifying the predominant lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in the traditional Chinese salt-fermented soybean food, douchi, from Yunnan, China. The predominant LAB present were isolated and identified by conventional culture-dependent methods combined with molecular biological methods. Two hundred and sixty isolates were obtained from ...
Feng QiPing Q Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Oates Institute for Experimental Therapeutics, Nashville, TN, - - 2012
Skeletal muscle toxicity is the primary adverse effect of statins. In this review, we summarize current knowledge regarding the genetic and nongenetic determinants of risk for statin induced myopathy. Many genetic factors were initially identified through candidate gene association studies limited to pharmacokinetic (PK) targets. Through genome-wide association studies, it ...
M'gonigle Leithen K - - 2012
Empirical data indicate that sexual preferences are critical for maintaining species boundaries, yet theoretical work has suggested that, on their own, they can have only a minimal role in maintaining biodiversity. This is because long-term coexistence within overlapping ranges is thought to be unlikely in the absence of ecological differentiation. ...
Susantitaphong Paweena - - 2012
The proportion of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) initiating dialysis therapy at a higher glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has increased during the past decade. Recent data suggest that higher GFR may be associated with increased mortality. A meta-analysis of cohort studies and trials. Patients with advanced CKD. We ...
Crowley Angela A - - 2012
Purpose.  The purpose of this study was to identify graduate and undergraduate nursing courses in health and health consultation in childcare and early education, and faculty awareness and interest in federal resources. Design and Methods.  A questionnaire was sent electronically to 140 faculty in 45 schools of nursing. Results.  Fifty-nine ...
Walsh J Bernard - - 2012
This predefined analysis of the European Forsteo Observational Study (EFOS) aimed to describe clinical fracture incidence, back pain, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) during 18 months of teriparatide treatment and 18 months post-teriparatide in the subgroup of 589 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis aged ≥75 years. Data on clinical fractures, ...
Nie Guo-Xing - - 2012
An orange-coloured, non-spore-forming, motile and coccus-shaped actinobacterium, designated YIM 75677(T), was isolated from a soil sample collected from a dry-hot river valley in Dongchuan county, Yunnan Province, south-west China and its taxonomic position was investigated. Growth of strain YIM 75677(T) occurred at 12-55 °C, pH 6.0-9.0 and NaCl tolerance up to ...
Newlin Mia K - - 2012
To investigate the effects of acute exercise on serum hepcidin and iron (sFe) in active women. Changes in interleukin-6 (IL-6), hepcidin, ferritin, and sFe in response to 2 different exercise durations were compared. Twelve women age 19-32 yr performed 2 treadmill runs (60 and 120 min) at 65% of VO2max. ...
Mackert Michael - - 2012
Purpose.  The purpose of this research was to investigate older adolescents' perceptions of Do-It-Yourself Genetic Assessment (DIYGA) services online and factors that influence their intentions to utilize DIYGA services. Design and Methods.  A convenience sample of 111 undergraduate students completed an online survey based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. ...
Faça Vitor Marcel - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem or stromal cells (MSCs) have become of great interest for cell-based therapy owing to their roles in tissue repair and immune suppression. MSCs have the ability to differentiate into specialized tissues, including bone, cartilage and muscle, among several others. Furthermore, it has been found that MSCs can also ...
Di Caprio Giuseppe - - 2012
Digital holographic microscopy (DHM) has been successfully applied for the first time to characterize the radiative out-of-plane emission properties of a superdirective device. Complementarily to near-field microscopy, DHM allows us to reconstruct the beam in the far-field region. The angular dispersion of the light beam radiated from a grating composed ...
Zhang Wending - - 2012
We report a tunable add/drop channel coupler based on an acousto-optic tunable filter and a tapered fiber. The coupling efficiency and central wavelength of the add/drop channel coupler are tunable by simply tuning the power and frequency of the driving radio frequency signal. Further possible improvements on the configuration are ...
Markunas Christina A CA Center for Human Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2012
Although Chiari Type I (CM-I) and Type 0 (CM-0) malformations have been previously characterized clinically and radiologically, there have been no studies focusing on the possible genetic link between these disorders. The goal of this study was to identify families in whom CM-0 and CM-I co-occurred and to further assess ...
Procházková Eliška - - 2012
Four- and five-bond heteronuclear J-couplings between the hydrogen H-8 and carbons C-6 and C-2 in a series of 7- and 9-benzyl substituted purine derivaties with variuous substituents in positions 2 and 6 were studied by coupled (13)  C NMR and H,C-HMBC experiments and by DFT calculations. We have found that ...
Li Xiu-Man - - 2012
To compare the hemodynamic and respiratory influences of chest compression- cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CC-CPR) and rhythmic abdominal lifting and compression-cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ALC-CPR) in a swine model of asphyxia cardiac arrest (CA), and evaluate the effectiveness of rhythmic abdominal lifting and compression. Thirty swines were randomly divided into two groups, with 15 ...
Shen Yinfeng - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To observe immune system changes in patients with secondary infection from severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). METHODS: Seventy-nine patients were recruited. The percentages of CD4+, CD8+, natural killer (NK), HLA-DR+ cells and B lymphocytes, and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio, were determined. In addition, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), ...
Rangani Gulab - - 2012
DNA methylation in cytosine residues plays an important role in regulating gene expression. Densely methylated transgenes are often silenced. In contrast, several eukaryotic genomes express moderately methylated genes. These methylations are found in the CG context within the coding region (gene body). The role of gene body methylation in gene ...
Rosemurgy Alexander S - - 2012
Widespread application of transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic shunt (TIPS) continues despite the lack of trials documenting efficacy superior to surgical shunting. Here we present an 18-year follow-up of a prospective randomized trial comparing TIPS with small-diameter prosthetic H-graft portacaval shunt (HGPCS) for portal decompression. Beginning in 1993, patients were prospectively randomized ...
Pess Gary M - - 2012
To critically review the efficacy, recurrence rate, and complications of needle aponeurotomy (NA) for the treatment of Dupuytren contracture. This was a retrospective study of the results of NA for the treatment of Dupuytren contracture. We included in the study all patients who had NA performed for metacarpophalangeal (MP) or ...
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