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Chang Yu-Chih - - 2012
Knowing the critical velocity (ucrit) of a chromatography column is an important part of process development as it allows the optimization of chromatographic flow conditions. The conventional flow step method for determining ucrit is prone to error as it depends heavily on human judgment. In this study, two automated methods ...
Schwertman Petra P Department of Genetics and Netherlands Proteomics Centre, Centre for Biomedical Genetics, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The - - 2012
Transcription-coupled nucleotide-excision repair (TC-NER) is a subpathway of NER that efficiently removes the highly toxic RNA polymerase II blocking lesions in DNA. Defective TC-NER gives rise to the human disorders Cockayne syndrome and UV-sensitive syndrome (UV(S)S). NER initiating factors are known to be regulated by ubiquitination. Using a SILAC-based proteomic ...
Qazi Yureeda - - 2012
To determine the efficacy of a plasmid containing a small hairpin RNA expression cassette (pSEC.shRNA) against VEGF-A-loaded poly(lactic co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs) in the sustained regression of murine corneal neovascularization. PLGA nanoparticles were loaded with pSEC.shRNA.VEGF-A plasmids using the double emulsion-solvent evaporation method. KNV was induced in BALB/c mice ...
Takache Hosni - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish and validate a model for the photosynthetic growth of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in photobioreactors (PBRs). The proposed model is based on an energetic analysis of the excitation energy transfer in the photosynthesis apparatus (the Z-scheme for photosynthesis). This approach has already been validated ...
Tramacere Irene - - 2012
The role of alcohol intake in the risk of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is still largely unclear. To summarize the evidence on the issue, we carried out a meta-analysis of the available studies. We identified eight case-control and two cohort studies, including a total of 1488 cases of HL. We derived ...
Booth T C - - 2012
As the use of imaging continues to increase in medical research, the Royal College of Radiologists (RCR) Research Committee and the Wellcome Trust held a joint meeting in 2010 to explore the current issues critical to training the next generation of radiology researchers. It was stated that despite an increase ...
Lapane Kate L KL Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, - - 2012
On 31 March 2009, the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) provided revised guidance for meeting compliance in the evaluation and management of pain in nursing home residents, known as F-Tag 309. The aim of the study was to estimate the extent to which implementation of revisions to ...
Lally J S V - - 2012
The increase in skeletal muscle fatty acid metabolism during exercise has been associated with the release of calcium. We examined whether this increase in fatty acid oxidation was attributable to a calcium-induced translocation of the fatty acid transporter CD36 to the sarcolemma, thereby providing an enhanced influx of fatty acids ...
Perjés A - - 2012
Increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been linked to the pathogenesis of congestive heart failure. However, emerging evidence suggests the involvement of ROS in the regulation of various physiological cellular processes in the myocardium. In this review, we summarize the latest findings regarding the role of ROS in ...
Zhu Ying - - 2012
Several trials have demonstrated that oral delayed-release mesalamine might be administered once daily. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to investigate this. A comprehensive and multiple-source literature search was carried out. Only randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) were investigated by comparing a once daily-dosing regime with a divided (twice or thrice daily)-dosing ...
Krohn Thomas - - 2012
To perform a detailed analysis of the performance of mobile intraoperative imaging systems and gamma probes in a phantom set-up, and compare this with a conventional gamma camera. Two separate experiments were performed. In the first, a modified Jaszczak phantom equipped with five Tc-filled hot spheres (0.5-20 ml) was analyzed ...
Sun Lei L Biostatistics Division, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2012
Variants associated with meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis were identified in 3,763 affected individuals by genome-wide association study (GWAS). Five SNPs at two loci near SLC6A14 at Xq23-24 (minimum P = 1.28 × 10(-12) at rs3788766) and SLC26A9 at 1q32.1 (minimum P = 9.88 × 10(-9) at rs4077468) accounted for ...
Wei Yi - - 2012
To compare and contrast the distribution patterns of select secretory group two phospholipase A (sPLA2) isoforms in corneal epithelia (CN), conjunctival epithelia (CNJ), and lacrimal glands (LG) of BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. Gene expression of select sPLA2 isoforms was quantified via real-time reverse-transcription PCR (qRT(2)-PCR). Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) of the ...
Sun Jae Hong - - 2012
The purpose of our study is to evaluate the effect of age on various anterior segment (AS) parameters in healthy eyes using AS optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to examine their relationship to anterior chamber angle (ACA) narrowing with age. A total of 388 consecutive Korean subjects aged 30 to ...
Zhang Xue - - 2012
UV-sensitive syndrome (UV(S)S) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by photosensitivity and deficiency in transcription-coupled repair (TCR), a subpathway of nucleotide-excision repair that rapidly removes transcription-blocking DNA damage. Cockayne syndrome is a related disorder with defective TCR and consists of two complementation groups, Cockayne syndrome (CS)-A and CS-B, which are ...
Timmis Matthew A - - 2012
To investigate whether differences exist between visually impaired and normal vision participants when completing a visually guided manual prehension task of transporting-to-place an object accurately to a new location. Participants with central visual impairment (n = 17) and normal vision (n = 10) were tasked with reaching-to-grasp an object and ...
VanNasdale Dean A DA Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA. - - 2012
To determine whether custom scanning laser polarimetry (SLP) images, differing in polarization content, can be used to accurately localize the fovea in the presence of non-exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). To determine whether alterations to the foveal structure in non-exudative AMD significantly disrupts the birefringent Henle fiber layer, responsible for ...
Lüthje Katja K The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, - - 2012
Germinal centers require CD4⁺ follicular helper T cells (TFH cells), whose hallmark is expression of the transcriptional repressor Bcl-6, the chemokine receptor CXCR5 and interleukin 21 (IL-21). To track the development and fate of TFH cells, we generated an IL-21 reporter mouse by introducing sequence encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) ...
Efe Cumali - - 2012
To assess the prevalence of concurrent extrahepatic autoimmune diseases in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH)/primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) overlap syndrome and applicability of the 'mosaic of autoimmunity' in these patients. The medical data of 71 AIH/PBC overlap patients were evaluated for associated autoimmune diseases. In the study population, 31 (43.6%) ...
Valevski Avi - - 2012
This study assessed the relationship between pharmacological regimens at hospital discharge and hospital readmission among schizophrenia patients. The records reviewed were all consecutive admissions (N=720) from a specific catchment area during the period 1991-2005. Two main groups were selected for analysis: the first group (N=537) included patients discharged with first-generation ...
Villamarin Adan - - 2012
The purpose of our study is to develop and validate a methodology to measure the compliance of the vascular network in the eye using biomechanical parameters, namely arterial pressure, intraocular pressure (IOP), and ocular compliance of the eyeball (OC). In vitro experiments were conducted on 6 freshly enucleated rabbit eyes. ...
Provasi Elena E Experimental Hematology Unit, Division of Regenerative Medicine, Gene Therapy and Stem Cells, Program of Immunology, Gene Therapy and Bio-Immunotherapy of Cancer, Leukemia Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, - - 2012
The transfer of high-avidity T cell receptor (TCR) genes isolated from rare tumor-specific lymphocytes into polyclonal T cells is an attractive cancer immunotherapy strategy. However, TCR gene transfer results in competition for surface expression and inappropriate pairing between the exogenous and endogenous TCR chains, resulting in suboptimal activity and potentially ...
Hileman Corrilynn O CO MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2012
Abacavir has been associated with myocardial infarction in several studies. This may be related to inflammation and endothelial cell activation. We compared changes in inflammation and endothelial activation markers between antiretroviral-naive adults initiating zidovudine, lamivudine, abacavir, and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) or this regimen without abacavir. Changes in soluble ...
Lu Chun - - 2012
The reaction of o-(trimethylsilyl)aryl triflates, CsF, and o-hydroxychalcones affords a general and efficient way to prepare biologically interesting 9-substituted xanthenes. This chemistry presumably proceeds by tandem intermolecular nucleophilic attack of the phenoxide of the chalcone on the aryne and subsequent intramolecular Michael addition. The introduction of an external base, Cs(2)CO(3), ...
Xiao Jianhui - - 2012
To understand the details of the permeation pathways of antimicrobial peptide JCpep8, the antimicrobial processes were investigated step by step in this paper. First, the characterization of the initial binding process was explored by introducing the living Staphylococcus aureus cells (LSACs) into electrophoretic buffer used as pseudo-stationary phase in capillary ...
Palgrave Robert G - - 2012
Pulsed laser deposition has been used to artificially construct the n = 3 Ruddlesden-Popper structure La(2)Sr(2)Mn(3)O(10) in epitaxial thin film form by sequentially layering La(1-x)Sr(x)MnO(3) and SrO unit cells aided by in situ reflection high energy electron diffraction monitoring. The interval deposition technique was used to promote two-dimensional SrO growth. ...
Hohle Thomas H TH Department of Biochemistry, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, - - 2012
Recent studies of Mn(2+) transport mutants indicate that manganese is essential for unstressed growth in some bacterial species, but is required primarily for induced stress responses in others. A Bradyrhizobium japonicum mutant defective in the high-affinity Mn(2+) transporter gene mntH has a severe growth phenotype under manganese limitation, suggesting a ...
Herman Mark A MA Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, - - 2012
The prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide and threatens to shorten lifespan. Impaired insulin action in peripheral tissues is a major pathogenic factor. Insulin stimulates glucose uptake in adipose tissue through the GLUT4 (also known as SLC2A4) glucose transporter, and alterations in adipose tissue GLUT4 expression ...
Dismuke W Michael - - 2012
Myocilin is a widely expressed protein with no known function; however, mutations in myocilin appear to manifest uniquely as ocular hypertension and the blinding disease of glaucoma. Using the protein homology/analogy recognition engine (Phyre), we find that the olfactomedin domain of myocilin is similar in sequence motif and structure to ...
Sahu Ravi P RP Department of Dermatology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2012
Recent studies suggest that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists may have cancer chemopreventive activity. Other studies have shown that loss of epidermal PPARγ results in enhanced chemical carcinogenesis in mice via unknown mechanisms. However, ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure represents the primary etiological agent for skin cancer formation and the ...
Arbore Claudia C MRC National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London NW7 1AA, - - 2012
Some bacterial plasmids carry antibiotic resistance genes and replicate by an asymmetric, rolling circle mechanism, in which replication of the two strands is not concurrent. Initiation of this replication occurs via an initiator protein that nicks one DNA strand at the double-stranded origin of replication. In this work, RepD protein ...
Soldati Thierry - - 2012
Ancient protozoan phagocytes and modern professional phagocytes of metazoans, such as macrophages, employ evolutionarily conserved mechanisms to kill microbes. These mechanisms rely on microbial ingestion, followed by maturation of the phagocytic vacuole, or so-called phagosome. Phagosome maturation includes a series of fusion and fission events with the host cell endosomes ...
Roopchand Diana E DE School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Foran Hall, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 59 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA. - - 2012
Defatted soybean flour (DSF) can efficiently sorb, concentrate, and stabilize polyphenols, but not sugars, from Concord grape juice, to yield grape polyphenol-enriched DSF. Sorption of grape polyphenols to DSF particles was dependent on the ratio of DSF and grape juice concentrate used, but not time of mixing or pH. Depending ...
Ofir Ayala A Department of Molecular Microbiology, Technion - IIT and the Rappaport Institute for Research in the Medical Sciences, Haifa 31096, - - 2012
To explore cell cycle regulation in the dimorphic fungus Candida albicans, we identified and characterized CaNrm1, a C. albicans homologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Whi5 and Nrm1 transcription inhibitors that, analogous to mammalian Rb, regulate the cell cycle transcription programme during the G1 phase. CaNRM1 is able to complement the ...
Fukuzumi Shunichi - - 2012
The selective two-electron reduction of O(2) by one-electron reductants such as decamethylferrocene (Fc*) and octamethylferrocene (Me(8)Fc) is efficiently catalyzed by a binuclear Cu(II) complex [Cu(II)(2)(LO)(OH)](2+) (D1) {LO is a binucleating ligand with copper-bridging phenolate moiety} in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid (HOTF) in acetone. The protonation of the hydroxide group ...
Tollefsen Knut Erik KE Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA). Gaustadallèen 21, N-0349 Oslo, Norway. - - 2012
Environmental concerns have been raised over the toxicity of crude naphthenic acids (NA) originating from oil exploration activities offshore, oil sands exploitation onshore, and use of refined NA as wood preservatives, tire additives, and in various other applications. The NA exist in highly complex mixtures, so the toxic effects of ...
Easley Regina A - - 2012
This work examines the use of purified meta-cresol purple (mCP) for direct spectrophotometric calibration of glass pH electrodes in seawater. The procedures used in this investigation allow for simple, inexpensive electrode calibrations over salinities of 20-40 and temperatures of 278.15-308.15 K without preparation of synthetic Tris seawater buffers. The optimal ...
Koen Yakov M YM Department of Medicinal Chemistry and ‡Mass Spectrometry Laboratory, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, United - - 2012
Tienilic acid (TA) is a uricosuric diuretic that was withdrawn from the market only months after its introduction because of reports of serious incidents of drug-induced liver injury including some fatalities. Its hepatotoxicity is considered to be primarily immunoallergic in nature. Like other thiophene compounds, TA undergoes biotransformation to a ...
Nasr Ramzi R Departments of Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California 92697-3435, United - - 2012
In ligand-based screening, retrosynthesis, and other chemoinformatics applications, one often seeks to search large databases of molecules in order to retrieve molecules that are similar to a given query. With the expanding size of molecular databases, the efficiency and scalability of data structures and algorithms for chemical searches are becoming ...
Tassone F F Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, USA. - - 2012
Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder associated with premutation alleles of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene. Approximately 40% of older male premutation carriers, and a smaller proportion of females, are affected by FXTAS; due to the lower penetrance the characterization of the disorder ...
Kapralov Alexander A AA Center for Free Radical and Antioxidant Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260, - - 2012
The pulmonary route represents one of the most important portals of entry for nanoparticles into the body. However, the in vivo interactions of nanoparticles with biomolecules of the lung have not been sufficiently studied. Here, using an established mouse model of pharyngeal aspiration of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), we recovered ...
Li Guangqi G Non-Equilibrium Energy Research Center (NERC), Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208, USA. - - 2012
We have studied the influence of both exciton effects and Coulomb repulsion on current in molecular nanojunctions. We show that dipolar energy-transfer interactions between the sites in the wire can at high voltage compensate Coulomb blocking for particular relationships between their values. Tuning this relationship may be achieved by using ...
Kim Jiyeon - - 2012
The control of a nanometer-wide gap between tip and substrate is critical for nanoscale applications of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). Here, we demonstrate that the stability of the nanogap in ambient conditions is significantly compromised by the thermal expansion and contraction of components of an SECM stage upon a temperature ...
Frelinger Andrew L AL - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of different proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on the steady-state pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of clopidogrel. Metabolism of clopidogrel requires cytochrome P450s (CYPs), including CYP2C19. However, PPIs may inhibit CYP2C19, potentially reducing the effectiveness of clopidogrel. A randomized, open-label, 2-period, crossover study ...
Steinberg Jonathan S - - 2012
The federal government has investigated a large number of institutions regarding concerns that implantable cardioverter-defibrillator procedures were performed in violation of the criteria set forth in a National Coverage Determination. We describe our experience and responses to such an audit, as well as the to complexities and nuances of practicing ...
Herrmann Howard C - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to characterize patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) and atrial fibrillation (AF) treated percutaneously using the MitraClip device (Abbott Vascular, Abbott Park, Illinois) and compare the results with surgery in this population. The EVEREST II (Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair Study) randomized controlled trial compared a ...
Das T K - - 2012
The present study was designed to assess whether supplementation of different levels of vitamin E to long-term arsenic exposed goats affords protection against the oxidative stress caused by the metalloid. Twenty-four crossbred lactating goats were distributed randomly into four groups (control, T(1), T(2) and T(3)) of six in each. The ...
Smith Alexandra H - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare temporally separated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin (Ang)-1 delivery with concomitant delivery or single VEGF delivery, for therapeutic angiogenesis in chronic ischemia. Single gene delivery of VEGF results in immature neovessels that ultimately regress. Endogenously, VEGF acts early to initiate ...
Mohanty Sanghamitra - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate impact of metabolic syndrome (MS) on outcomes of catheter ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in terms of recurrence and quality of life (QoL). MS, a proinflammatory state with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and obesity, is presumed to be a close associate ...
Shah Monica R MR Division of Cardiovascular Sciences, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute/NIH, Two Rockledge Center, 6701 Rockledge Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892-7956, USA. - - 2012
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) convened a Working Group (WG) on August 5 to 6, 2010 in Bethesda, Maryland to discuss future directions of research in heart transplantation (HT). The WG was composed of researchers with expertise in the basic science, clinical science, and epidemiological aspects of ...
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