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Results 401 - 450 of 3416
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Liu Fuquan - - 2012
Transcription termination is emerging as an important component of gene regulation necessary to partition the genome and minimize transcriptional interference. We have discovered a role for the Arabidopsis RNA silencing enzyme DICER-LIKE 4 (DCL4) in transcription termination of an endogenous Arabidopsis gene, FCA. DCL4 directly associates with FCA chromatin in ...
Wassermann Tobias N - - 2012
We have applied conformer-selective infrared-ultraviolet (IR-UV) double-resonance photofragment spectroscopy at low temperatures in an ion trap mass spectrometer for the spectroscopic characterization of peptide fragment ions. We investigate b- and a-type ions formed by collision-induced dissociation from protonated leucine-enkephalin. The vibrational analysis and assignment are supported by nitrogen-15 isotopic substitution ...
Nguyen Hang Thi Thu - - 2012
The transmembrane glycoprotein CD98 is a potential regulator of multiple functions, including integrin signaling and amino acid transport. Abnormal expression or function of CD98 and disruption of the interactions between CD98 and its binding partners result in defects in cell homeostasis and immune responses. Indeed, expression of CD98 has been ...
Hiraumi Harukazu - - 2012
Given the growing need for minimally invasive approaches to cochlear implantation surgery, we chose to examine the safety of a microendoscopic procedure for cochlear implantation. We performed cochlear implantation surgery on four human temporal bones using a microendoscope and evaluated the safety of the procedure. With a microendoscope, the facial ...
Luqiu Zhou - - 2012
A new wave of engineered antibodies, leading to increased effectiveness of functions such as antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity or complement-dependent cytotoxicity, is being evaluated in clinical settings. Several, such as immunotoxins, are expected to receive approval for usage soon. In this study, using a cognate heavy framework region (HFR2), two complementarity-determining ...
Braun Andreas - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to assess the possibility to measure caries-induced laser fluorescence underneath a novel nano-filled fissure sealant. Sixty freshly extracted human teeth with occlusal dentine carious lesions were horizontally divided, exposing the respective lesion. Teeth were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) white fissure sealant ...
Park Kwonoh - - 2012
Sequential therapy is a standard strategy used to overcome the limitations of targeted agents in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. It remains unclear whether a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor is a more effective second-line therapy after first-line vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (VEGF TKI) has failed than ...
Si Jianwei - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, bacterial cultures serve as the gold standard for the detection of drug resistance and can provide evidence for directing the treatment of tuberculosis. However, this method has a low positive rate and is time consuming, which significantly limits its wide application. Thus, in the present study, the genes ...
Fu Sai-Chuen - - 2012
PURPOSE: Initial graft tensioning is important in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), but its effect on graft healing is still not clear. Since all previous animal studies on graft tensioning used bone-patellar tendon-bone, this study aimed to investigate the effect of initial graft tensioning on ACLR using tendon graft. METHODS: ...
Gu Xiao - - 2012
We evaluate the efficacy and safety of GreenLight HPS™ laser photoselective vaporization prostatectomy (PVP) for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with different prostate configuration. Patients were stratified into two groups: bilobe (group I) and trilobe (group II) BPH. Transurethral PVP was performed using a 120 W GreenLight HPS™ side-firing ...
Lee Sooyeun - - 2012
Owing to the tight control of methamphetamine, it is presumed that phentermine, an amphetamine-type anorectic, has recently been considered a supplement for methamphetamine abusers in Korea. In addition, the abuse of other anorectics obtained by inappropriate means has become a social issue. Hair is a useful specimen to prove chronic ...
Harris T - - 2012
Ototoxic drugs are widely used in the developing world, without audiological monitoring. Epidemiological data on ototoxic deafness are lacking for developing countries. The public health aspect of ototoxicity is often overlooked, to the detriment of the individual patient. This paper reviews ototoxic hearing loss, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, and also ...
Hiess Joe - - 2012
The present-day (238)U/(235)U ratio has fundamental implications for uranium-lead geochronology and cosmochronology. A value of 137.88 has previously been considered invariant and has been used without uncertainty to calculate terrestrial mineral ages. We report high-precision (238)U/(235)U measurements for a suite of uranium-bearing minerals from 58 samples representing a diverse range ...
Mitchell D - - 2012
Objective:We report a case of a remaining hemi-thyroid following laryngectomy, which was misinterpreted as a pseudoaneurysm.Methods:Case report and comment on this understandable error which is easily avoidable.Results:A 59-year-old man had undergone salvage laryngectomy for recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx, which had previously been treated with radiotherapy. Three months ...
Kawai Tomoki - - 2012
Reversion mosaicism is increasingly being reported in primary immunodeficiency diseases, but there have been few cases with clinically improved immune function. Here, a case is reported of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID-X1) with multiple somatic reversions in T cells, which restored sufficient cell-mediated immunity to overcome viral infection. Lineage-specific analysis ...
R Amico K - - 2012
The recent successes of biomedical HIV prevention approaches have sparked considerable debate over the scalability, feasibility, and acceptability of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as a widespread prevention strategy for men who have sex with men and trans-gender. Anticipated difficulties with PrEP adherence and concerns about resources required to best support it ...
Eftekhar Maryam - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to compare the transfer of embryos that are cryopreserved in cleavage stage after thawing with the transfer of embryos after thawing and culture in sequential media until blastocyst formation. METHODS: In this prospective clinical study, we have evaluated 134 cycles of ART treatment ...
Almasry Shaima M - - 2012
Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF-α) is one of the proinflammatory cytokines that provokes a variety of biological effects on the placenta. The increased placental exposure to TNF-α have induced impaired fetal development in experimental animals, but no data are available on the expression and localization of TNF-α in human placenta of ...
Sánchez-López María Del Pilar Mdel - - 2012
The present research focused on a sample of Spanish undergraduate women and men to evaluate whether gender was related to substance use and chronic illness. This research examined the associations of conformity to masculine norms for men and conformity to feminine norms for women with substance use in chronic illnesses. ...
Wallys J - - 2012
We report on the electrochemical characteristics of GaN nanowire (NW) ensembles grown by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy on Si(111) substrates and on the influence of Si and Mg doping. The NW electrochemical properties in terms of surface capacitance (C(S)), surface resistance (R(S)) are extracted from electrochemical impedance spectra. While Mg doping ...
Blander J Magarian - - 2012
Genetic composition and major histocompatibility complex polymorphisms unequivocally predispose to autoimmune disease, but environmental factors also play a critical role in precipitating disease in susceptible individuals. Notorious among these has been microbial infection. Older studies describing associations between microbial infection and autoimmune disease are now followed by new studies demonstrating ...
Smythe Nathan C - - 2012
A technique for preparing heterobimetallic frameworks with tunable metal sites is demonstrated by the synthesis of a new two-dimensional metal-organic framework that is constructed from tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin and Cd(ii) species. The solid can be prepared in the presence of other divalent transition metals to yield the same framework with the smaller ...
Banerjee Amrita - - 2012
The tannase protein sequences of 149 bacteria and 36 fungi were retrieved from NCBI database. Among them only 77 bacterial and 31 fungal tannase sequences were taken which have different amino acid compositions. These sequences were analysed for different physical and chemical properties, superfamily search, multiple sequence alignment, phylogenetic tree ...
Birner Peter - - 2012
Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) is an inhibitor of Raf-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (MEK)-MAP kinase and is considered as an important tumor suppressor. RKIP-expression was investigated retrospectively in 321 esophageal cancers [179 adenocarcinomas (ACs), 142 squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs)]. RKIP-expression was further investigated in 41 precursor lesions ...
Pajares Silvia - - 2012
Microbial communities are responsible for important ecosystem processes, and their activities are regulated by environmental factors such as temperature and solar ultraviolet radiation. Here we investigate changes in aquatic microbial community structure, diversity, and evenness in response to changes in temperature and UV radiation. For this purpose, 15 mesocosms were ...
Banik Shantanu - - 2012
PURPOSE: Architectural distortion is an important sign of early breast cancer. We present methods for computer-aided detection of architectural distortion in mammograms acquired prior to the diagnosis of breast cancer in the interval between scheduled screening sessions. METHODS: Potential sites of architectural distortion were detected using node maps obtained through ...
Flom Gary A - - 2012
The molecular chaperone Hsp90 cooperates with multiple cochaperone proteins as it promotes the folding and activation of diverse client proteins. Some cochaperones regulate the ATPase activity of Hsp90, while others appear to promote Hsp90 interaction with specific types of client proteins. Through its interaction with the adenylate cyclase Cyr1, the ...
Harper Gary W - - 2012
While rates of HIV infection among gay/bisexual male adolescents have been increasing in the U.S., there has not been a commensurate increase in the development of HIV prevention interventions targeted specifically for this population. This editorial review examines primary HIV prevention interventions published in peer-reviewed journals between 1991 and 2010 ...
Papazoglou Sebastian - - 2012
Time-harmonic shear wave elastography is capable of measuring viscoelastic parameters in living tissue. However, finite tissue boundaries and waveguide effects give rise to wave interferences which are not accounted for by standard elasticity reconstruction methods. Furthermore, the viscoelasticity of tissue causes dispersion of the complex shear modulus, rendering the recovered ...
Araujo-Soares V - - 2012
Two studies aimed to understand springtime sunscreen use amongst adolescents and to compare the predictive utility of the theory of planned behavior, descriptive norms, prototype perceptions and planning. In Study 1, a belief elicitation study with N = 67 adolescents identified beliefs about, and strategies for, sunscreen use. In Study 2, N = 177 ...
Klasen Katharina - - 2012
The transient receptor potential (TRP) family of ion channels comprises receptors that are activated by a vast variety of physical as well as chemical stimuli. TRP channels interact in a complex manner with several intracellular signaling cascades, both up- and downstream of receptor activation. Investigating cascades stimulated downstream of the ...
Binstock David - - 2012
Lead in paint continues to be a threat to children's health in cities across the United States, which means there is an ongoing need for testing and analysis of paint. This ongoing analytical effort and especially development of new methods continue to drive the need for diagnostic testing materials that ...
Troxell Megan L - - 2012
The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase pathway is one of the most commonly mutated pathways in invasive breast carcinoma, with PIK3CA mutations in ∼25% of invasive carcinomas, and AKT1 mutations in up to 5%. Ductal carcinoma in situ, and benign papillomas harbor similar mutations. However, activating point mutations in breast columnar cell lesions have ...
Almasry Shaima M - - 2012
Studying in detail different histomorphological and pathological findings in placental stem and terminal villi of appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and idiopathic intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses, then analyzing their correlation to the neonatal birth weight and to the some morphological features of the placenta. Fifty full-term human placentae of ...
Hock-Long Linda - - 2012
Given the racial/ethnic disparities that characterize STI trends and recent increases in heterosexually transmitted HIV infection in the US, an understanding of factors underlying condom use among young adults in minority communities is vitally important. To this end, this paper presents findings from a community venue-based survey examining the influence ...
Prado María - - 2012
PURPOSE: In anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with looped soft-tissue grafts, an interference screw is frequently used for tibial fixation. This study compared three alternatives thought to improve the initial mechanical properties of direct bioabsorbable interference screw fixation: suturing the graft to close the loop, adding a supplementary staple, or increasing ...
Banfi Luca - - 2012
We have synthesised a novel oxanorbornene β-aminoacid derivative and employed it in a stereoselective Ugi reaction. Hypothesis regarding the mechanism taking place during the reaction have been made and validated through the determination of the relative and absolute configuration of the Ugi adducts. Use of the correct choice of solvents ...
Hu Yanfang - - 2012
The epitaxial growth of Si on Si(001) under conditions at which the (2 × n) superstructure is forming has been investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy and Monte Carlo simulations. Our experiments reveal a periodic change of the surface morphology with the surface coverage of Si. A regular (2 × n) stripe pattern is observed ...
Pompon J - - 2012
Aphids perform a series of behaviours to assess feeding suitability and, hence, to select a plant. Little information, however, is available on such behaviour after aphids have settled on a plant. Observation of probing behaviour over an extended period of time can improve our understanding of insect-plant interactions and is ...
Fomine Serguei - - 2012
The formation of "Russian doll" complexes consisting of [n]cycloparaphenylenes was predicted using quantum chemistry tools. The electronic structures of multiple inclusion complexes containing up to four macrocycles were explored at the M06-2X/6-31G* level of theory. The binding energy between the macrocycles increases from the center to the periphery of the ...
Núñez Bárbara - - 2012
Activation of transcription factor Nrf2 was investigated in the isolated perfused rat liver infused with 0.5 mg of colloidal carbon (CC)/ml for 5-15 min to stimulated Kupffer cell function. Infusion of CC enhanced liver O(2) consumption over basal levels, with a time-dependent increase in CC-induced O(2) uptake, at constant rates of CC ...
Dobrev Dobromir - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of cardiac arrhythmia, and is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality in the general population. Current treatments have moderate efficacy and considerable risks, especially of pro-arrhythmia, highlighting the need for new therapeutic strategies. In recent years, substantial efforts have been invested in developing ...
Castellanos Karla J - - 2012
Nectin-1 is a cell adhesion molecule that plays a role in interneuronal synapse formation, in axonal guidance during development and possibly in neuron-glia interactions. To better understand axonal changes in MS, nectin-1 expression was determined by immunohistochemistry in normal adult human cerebral white matter (n = 4) and in six MS plaques ...
Pedraza Ana Maria - - 2012
In recent decades, breast cancer cases have increased steadily worldwide. However, the increases do not hold across all demographics and breast cancer cases in low and middle income countries have increased much faster than the global trend. Colombia is not an exception. Breast cancer was the most frequent tumor and ...
Li Xiang-Yang - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of sulfamethoxazole in native Han and Tibetan healthy Chinese subjects living chronically at high altitude. An open-labeled, controlled, prospective study was conducted in healthy Chinese male volunteers. Sulfamethoxazole 1,200 mg was administered orally to two groups: native Han and Tibetan volunteers ...
Yung V - - 2012
SUMMARYIn Chile, dog rabies has been controlled and insectivorous bats have been identified as the main rabies reservoir. This study aimed to determine the rabies virus (RABV) variants circulating in the country between 2002 and 2008. A total of 612 RABV isolates were tested using a panel with eight monoclonal ...
Aktan Cigdem Kalkan - - 2012
Anammox bacteria can effectively treat high ammonia and nitrite concentrations under anoxic environments. However, the presence of high ammonia and nitrite concentrations may cause free ammonia and nitrous acid inhibition at high pH and temperature environments. In this study, the inhibitory effect of free ammonia on Anammox bacteria was investigated ...
Ramos Ricardo Martins - - 2012
Isoniazid (INH) is a front-line drug used in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB), a disease that remains a major cause of death worldwide. Isoniazid is a prodrug, requiring activation in the mycobacterial cell by the catalase-peroxidase (CP) enzyme. Recent studies have suggested that acetylation of INH by the arylamine-N-acetyltransferase from ...
Guo Xia - - 2012
Objective: To identify plasma protein biomarkers of cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) of Uyghur women by proteomics approach. Methods: Plasma protein samples of Uyghur women with HSIL and chronic cervicitis were analyzed with 2D HPLC followed by detection of target proteins with Linear Trap Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer (LTQ MS/MS). ...
Loth Eduardo Alexandre - - 2012
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a disease caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb), is highly prevalent in Brazil, where it is the principal cause of death by systemic mycoses. The disease primarily affects men aged 30-50 year old and usually starts as a pulmonary focus and then may spread to other organs and ...
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