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Results 251 - 300 of 3415
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Van de Werf Frans - - 2012
The management of acute coronary syndrome in Europe is covered by various European Society of Cardiology guidelines, which although valuable, are complex and may not always provide clear guidance in everyday clinical practice. Consequently, implementation of the guideline recommendations is frequently suboptimal. To complicate matters further, a wealth of new ...
Rognlien M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different oils (butter, fish, and oxidized fish) on sensory characteristics of a savory [chile-lime (CL)] low-fat yogurt using descriptive (unstructured line scales, 5 attributes) and affective (hedonic) sensory testing methods. Yogurts were each manufactured at low [1.1-1.2% total fat; ...
Martínez Marín A L - - 2012
In this work, the effects of increasing amounts of 3 plant oils in diets on the fatty acid (FA) profile of goat milk were studied. The study consisted of 3 experiments, one per oil tested (linseed oil, LO; high oleic sunflower oil, HOSFO; and regular sunflower oil, RSFO). The 3 ...
Duport Philippe - - 2012
For decades, there have been debates regarding the nature of the relationship between exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation and cancer risk. Under the linear no-threshold hypothesis, which serves as a theoretical basis for current radiation protection standards, the risk of cancer at low levels of exposure is presumed ...
Bautista-Castaño Inmaculada - - 2012
A long-standing belief held by the general public is that bread fattens. This encourages many people to restrict, or even eliminate, bread from their diet. The present review was conducted to assess whether or not eating patterns that include bread are associated with overall obesity or excess abdominal adiposity, whether ...
Isaacson Walter - - 2012
The author, whose biography of Steve Jobs was an instant best seller after the Apple CEO's death in October 2011, sets out here to correct what he perceives as an undue fixation by many commentators on the rough edges of Jobs's personality. That personality was integral to his way of ...
Toba Kenji - - 2012
Frailty is a concept born in the mid 1980s, toward which a disease-oriented approach has turned to functional assessment. The domain of frailty contains the weakness of muscle strength, mental problems and social solitude. Fall is a good clinical indicator for the weakness of muscle strength as well as neuro-mental ...
Melo Lucylle Fróis de - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: This study assesses the possible existence of cognitive disorder associated with chronic diseases [fibromyalgia (FM), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and lupus (SLE)], and the influence of the variables age, educational level and psychiatric symptoms on those disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients were referred by the Rheumatology Outpatient Clinic of ...
Lange Peter - - 2012
Our goal was to estimate the number of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the Capital Region of Denmark and the need of resources required to implement the regional management programme for COPD. We examined a total of 45,970 participants from the Copenhagen General Population Study (CGPS) using ...
Winkler B - - 2012
Claw horn disorders are one of the main causes of lameness in dairy cows globally. This study aimed to develop material testing techniques to assess changes in the mechanical properties of bovine claw horn (BCH) and to compare these mechanical properties with existing methods of assessing claw horn disorders during ...
Teixeira Vivian de Oliveira Nunes - - 2012
Approximately 66% of the patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have significant loss of cell mass (rheumatoid cachexia), mainly of skeletal muscle (rheumatoid sarcopenia). Sarcopenia is defined as muscle wasting associated with functional impairment. Patients with RA possess significant reduction in muscle strength, caused by muscle protein wasting, and loss of ...
Sahin Zümrüt Akgün - - 2012
Loneliness is a significant psychosocial concern for patients with cancer, and depression may be an antecedent to loneliness. To date, no studies have directly addressed the relationship of loneliness, depression, and social support among Turkish patients with cancer and their caregivers. The emotional responses that result from a cancer diagnosis ...
Hall M B - - 2012
In vitro neutral detergent fiber (NDF) digestibility (NDFD) is an empirical measurement of fiber fermentability by rumen microbes. Variation is inherent in all assays and may be increased as multiple steps or differing procedures are used to assess an empirical measure. The main objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Sabater-Hernández Daniel - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:236-244. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The usefulness of the community pharmacy blood pressure (CPBP) method in the diagnosis or treatment of hypertension has not been adequately addressed in controlled studies. The authors' aim was to assess the agreement between awake ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), home blood ...
Watanabe Toshifumi - - 2012
For a society with an aging population, it is important to extend healthy life expectancy. Knee arthroplasty is one of the most successful and beneficial treatments for osteoarthritic knees, helping the elderly improve their activities of daily life. Previous reports have proved health-related quality of life improves dramatically with this ...
Göbel Uta - - 2012
With this first "regular" issue of Biotechnology Journal we would like to highlight that we invite you all to send us your best articles in the focus areas of BTJ - systems and synthetic biology, nanobiotech and medicine. It features the best of the latest in biotechnology, with several articles ...
Bromage Daniel I - - 2012
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of small vessels can be complicated by technically difficult access to the target lesion, an increased risk of major adverse cardiac events and in-stent restenosis requiring repeat revascularization. Conventional management of such lesions is with drug-eluting stent implantation; however, these have only partly attenuated the problem. ...
Kimoto-Nira H - - 2012
Many milk fermentations use mixed cultures of lactic acid bacteria. To select a new mixed starter culture, 100 acid-producing bacterial strains were isolated from raw cow milk. Of these, 13 strains identified as belonging to the genera Lactococcus, Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, or Weissella (based on phenotypic and genotypic tests) were assessed ...
Ramsey K Wong - - 2012
Monozygotic twins with discordant karyotypes are rare. We report a case of monozygotic twins discordant for trisomy 13 by amniocyte karyotypes. Ultrasound revealed multiple congenital anomalies in Twin A (47,XY,+13), none in Twin B (46,XY), and monochorionic-diamniotic placentation. Zygosity testing performed both prenatally and after birth supported monozygosity. Twin A ...
Baker Julien S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate differences in blood lactate accumulation following 10 and 20 sec of maximal cycle ergometer exercise. Body mass, stature, and age of the group was determined prior to testing (82.57 ± 5.94 kg 177 ± 5.94 cm and 21.42 ± 1.61 yrs, respectively). ...
Miyata Hitomi - - 2012
Rapid amelioration of hypercholesterolemia in nephrotic syndrome (NS) using low density lipoprotein-apheresis (LDL-A) sometimes leads to NS remission, along with improvement of impaired biodefense system; however, the mechanism of how LDL-A affects NS is still unknown. We studied IFN-γ production under IL-12 stimulation for 24 h in whole blood from 30 ...
Egevad Lars - - 2012
Context.-Histologic grading is the clinically most useful tissue-based predictor of prognosis for prostate cancer. Over the years, there has been a gradual shift in how the Gleason grading is applied in practice, with a general trend toward upgrading. A consensus conference was organized in 2005 by the International Society of ...
- - 2012
Hospitals across the country are providing care for undocumented immigrants, often at great expense when they need post-acute care. Many have long lengths of stay when they can't be safely discharged and don't have funding for another level of care. Some may qualify for Medicaid benefits if their Permanently Residing ...
Ripphausen Peter - - 2012
Structure-based virtual screening makes explicit or implicit use of 3D target structure information to detect novel active compounds. Results of nearly 300 currently available original applications have been analyzed to characterize the state-of-the-art in this field. Compound selection from docking calculations is much influenced by subjective criteria. Although submicromolar compounds ...
Azevedo Cristiano Schetini de - - 2012
Visitors can affect and reduce the welfare of nonhuman animals. The Belo Horizonte Zoo, Brazil, had a group of greater rheas intended for reintroduction to the wild. Because this group received public visitation, evaluating its effect on the birds' behavior and welfare was important. The study conducted 60 hr of ...
Mesilati-Stahy R - - 2012
We examined the association between plasma insulin concentration and fatty acid distribution to milk fat and membrane fractions (triglyceride and phospholipid, respectively) in dairy cows. Thirty-seven Holstein cows at 60 to 70 d postpartum were synchronized by 2 PGF(2α) injections 14 d apart. Plasma samples were taken before morning and ...
Medhi Bikash - - 2012
Aceclofenac is presently most commonly prescribed analgesic for chronic pain and inflammatory conditions. In clinical practice, phenytoin and aceclofenac are used in a chronic condition of generalized seizure with concomitant chronic pain. Hence there are chances of drug-drug interaction because modulations of isoenzymes involved in metabolism of phenytoin and aceclofenac ...
Ameen Sidra - - 2012
Breast cancer (BC) is a highly diverse complaint rather than sole disease consisting of several markers linked to typical features of tissues, medical assessment and reaction to treatment. Mutation in RAS/MEK/ERK and PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway is involved in pathogenesis of BC. Application of pharmacogenomics will lead to individualization of therapy, which ...
Ragnarsson Sigurdur - - 2012
Introduction: Mitral valve replacement (MVR) is the second most common valvular replacement procedure after aortic valve replacement (AVR). Studies on the outcome of MVR in Iceland have been missing. We therefore studied short and long-term results following MVR in Iceland, Material and methods: A retrospective nationwide study on 64 patients ...
Hagino Hiroshi - - 2012
Osteoporosis, a disorder related to locomotive syndrome, has been nicknamed "the silent disease" since it has no symptoms until fragility fracture occurs. However, a new fragility fracture cannot only reduce daily activity but can also increase fracture risk resulting in possible repetition of the fracture or other new fractures. As ...
Delacruz Anthony - - 2012
A more reliable tumor marker is needed as a prognostic indicator in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are cells that have broken away from a tumor and flow in the bloodstream. Evidence has indicated that the presence of CTCs in the peripheral blood of men with solid ...
Pedersen Thais Almeida Lins - - 2012
Repaired aortic coarctation(CoA) is associated with high long-term cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Persisting hypertension and left ventricular dysfunction are possibly associated with residual or recurrent aortic arch obstruction (ReCoA) and abnormal activation of vasoactive hormones. Furthermore, knowledge regarding these patients' functional health status late after repair is missing. A total ...
Astobiza I - - 2012
A large-scale investigation on Coxiella burnetii was carried out in dairy cattle herds from a Q fever-endemic region to evaluate the degree of exposure to C. burnetii and to estimate prevalences. This study included all of the dairy cattle herds from the province of Bizkaia, Northern Spain (n=178). Herds were ...
van Binsbergen R - - 2012
The correlated responses between traits may differ depending on the makeup of genetic covariances, and may differ from the predictions of polygenic covariances Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate the makeup of the genetic covariances between the well-studied traits: milk yield, fat yield, protein yield, and ...
Lander Flemming - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to establish if social inequalities in early childhood, particularly living in a socially and economically deprived neighbourhood, are predictive of later unemployment. A cohort was established in 1987. It consists of 8-9 year-old children living in a socially deprived suburb who were followed ...
Cecchinato A - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate sources of variation of milk coagulation properties (MCP) of buffalo cows. Individual milk samples were collected from 200 animals in 5 herds located in northern Italy from January to March 2010. Rennet coagulation time (RCT, min) and curd firmness after 30min from ...
Dreher Mark L - - 2012
The pistachio is a nutrient-dense nut with a heart-healthy fatty-acid profile as well as protein, dietary fiber, potassium, magnesium, vitamin K, γ-tocopherol, and a number of phytochemicals. The pistachio's unique green and purple kernel color is a result of its lutein and anthocyanin content. Among nuts, pistachios contain the highest ...
Stan Daniela L - - 2012
Pilates has been advocated for rehabilitation of breast cancer survivors despite little scientific evidence. The authors of this article have examined the feasibility of a Pilates program in postmastectomy breast cancer survivors and the impact on physical and psychological parameters. Fifteen breast cancer survivors were recruited in a one-arm study ...
Das Aneesa M - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder that has been associated with many cardiovascular disease processes, including hypertension and arrhythmias. OSA has also been identified as an independent risk factor for stroke and all-cause mortality. OSA is highly prevalent in patients with transient ischemic attacks and stroke. Routinely screening ...
Rius A G - - 2012
The nutrient content of and feeding recommendations for milk replacers (MR) vary widely in North America, and acceleration of growth through manipulation of protein and energy intakes can reduce rearing costs of dairy operations. The effects of varying the protein and energy intake of MR on metabolite concentrations in plasma, ...
Hayat Sikander - - 2012
A study was carried out to investigate the concentrations of macro-elements (Na(+), K(+) and Mg(+2)) in twelve commercially available pharmaceutical preparations used as sex stimulant, by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. A wet digestion method was adopted to prepare the samples. The results indicated that sodium concentration was maximum (3702±29 μg g(-1)) ...
Anthony Ogbonnaya Enyinnaya - - 2012
Phytochemical screening of stem bark and leaves of Gmelina arborea; and effect of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Gmelina arborea stembark on hepatic and renal insufficiency in rats was assessed in this study. Phytochemical screening was carried out on the air-dried leaf, oven-dried leaf, air-dried stembark and oven-dried stembark samples. ...
Koller Michael - - 2012
Reconciliation refers to the process through which two or more independent forward translations are merged into one single translation. This critical step in the translation process is difficult to formalize. The purpose of this review is to analyze how reconciliation is specified in leading guidelines for the translation of quality-of-life ...
Dissanayake M - - 2012
The main aim of the study was to assess the effect of microparticulation at low pH on the functionality of heat-denatured whey proteins (WP). Spray-dried, microparticulated WP (MWP) powders were produced from 7% (wt/wt) WP dispersions at pH 3, acidified with citric or lactic acid, and microfluidized with or without ...
Saini V - - 2012
Surveillance of antimicrobial use and resistance is needed to manage antimicrobial resistance in bacteria. In this study, data were collected on antimicrobial use and resistance in Staphylococcus aureus (n=562), isolated from intramammary infections and (sub)clinical mastitis cases on 89 dairy farms in 4 regions of Canada [Alberta, Ontario, Québec, and ...
Hussain Abid - - 2012
The present study was conducted to formulate and evaluate flurbiprofen transdermal gel. A standard calibration curve was constructed to obtain a regression line equation to be used for finding out the concentration of drug in samples. Olive oil was used as penetration enhancer and was added in different concentrations to ...
- - 2012
The ISFA wishes to acknowledge the following 2012 Corporate Sponsors.
Harada Atsushi - - 2012
Among geriatric syndromes, fall and fall-related fractures are one of the leading causes of the elderly's need for long-term care. Hip fractures are the typical cases. The underlying diseases of locomotive syndrome, such as sarcopenia, musculoskeletal ambulation disorder symptom complex, and osteoporosis, are closely associated with fall and fall-related fractures. ...
Smith Nancy Zeller - - 2012
Treatment selection for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is guided by multiple factors, most importantly hormone receptor (HR) or HER2 expression, treatment history, and prognostic factors such as short disease-free interval, presence of visceral metastases, performance status, and degree of symptoms. Chemotherapy is indicated as initial therapy for patients with HR-negative ...
Lundstrøm Lars Hyldborg - - 2012
Several studies have identified difficult airway management including a difficult tracheal intubation of patients undergoing general anaesthesia as a major cause of anaesthesia-related morbidity and mortality. Therefore it is presumed that a difficult tracheal intubation is a surrogate marker for morbidity and mortality, and by reducing the prevalence of difficult ...
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