Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 3416
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Abecia L - - 2012
Several technologies have been tested to reduce enteric methanogenesis, but very few have been successfully used in practical conditions for livestock. Furthermore, the consequences of reduced rumen methane production on animal performance and milk quality are poorly understood. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of feeding ...
Yang Yanyong - - 2012
Radiation often causes depletion of immunocytes in tissues and blood, which results in immunosuppression. Molecular hydrogen (H2) has been shown in recent studies to have potential as a safe and effective radioprotective agent through scavenging free radicals. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that H2 could protect immunocytes ...
Patel Rajendrakumar - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic progressive disease of the pulmonary vasculature characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure and secondary right ventricular failure. PAH is considered a life-threatening condition unless treated. This article provides a comprehensive review of controlled and uncontrolled trials to define the risk-benefit for different therapeutic ...
Gao Yuan - - 2012
A simple, rapid, specific and precise reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for simultaneous estimation of triacetin, acetic ether, butyl acetate and amorolfine in marketed pharmaceutical liniment. Chromatographic separation was performed on a Shimadzu VP-ODS C(18) column using the mixture of citric acid-hydrochloric acid-sodium hydrate buffer (pH 3.0), acetonitrile ...
Satake Shosuke - - 2012
One of the features of a change in our body composition with aging is a loss of muscle mass, which is called "sarcopenia" . This change may lead seniors to be dependent anothers for some activities in their daily lives. Although sarcopenia was primarily defined as a loss of muscle ...
Garza Reed - - 2012
Dabigatran etexilate is a direct thrombin inhibitor that has been in clinical use for the prevention and treatment of venous and arterial thrombosis. Dabigatran allows for oral administration, has a rapid onset of action and has a predictable anticoagulant effect. Studies in healthy volunteers and in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery ...
Linage B - - 2012
The prevalence of coagulase-positive staphylococci (CPS) was studied among 390 samples of ewe milk. Fifty-seven (14.85%) samples of tank milk and all samples (6) of silo milk gave a positive result on Baird-Parker agar base supplemented with rabbit plasma fibrinogen, whereas amplification of the coagulase (coa) gene was successful in ...
Bignardi A B - - 2012
A total of 46,089 individual monthly test-day (TD) milk yields (10 test-days), from 7,331 complete first lactations of Holstein cattle were analyzed. A standard multivariate analysis (MV), reduced rank analyses fitting the first 2, 3, and 4 genetic principal components (PC2, PC3, PC4), and analyses that fitted a factor analytic ...
Kato Hiroaki - - 2012
We report the complete genome sequence of Lactococcus lactis IO-1 (= JCM7638). It is a nondairy lactic acid bacterium, produces nisin Z, ferments xylose, and produces predominantly L-lactic acid at high xylose concentrations. From ortholog analysis with other five L. lactis strains, IO-1 was identified as L. lactis subsp. lactis.
Wilson Daniel J - - 2012
The frequency of exercise-related injuries for physical activities and sports that have specifically lead to surgical intervention are rarely reported, especially regarding the patellofemoral articulation. Medical records from 1992 to 2005 of a multisite, urban-based hospital serving both large urban and rural populations were analyzed retrospectively. Injury data were presented ...
Masliah Eliezer E Department of Neuroscience, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA. - - 2012
In neurodegenerative disorders of the aging population, misfolded proteins, such as PrP(Sc), α-synuclein, amyloid β protein and tau, can interact resulting in enhanced aggregation, cross seeding and accelerated disease progression. Previous reports have shown that in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and scrapie, α-synuclein accumulates near PrP(Sc) deposits. However, it is unclear if ...
Buchholz William M - - 2012
Harry moved to California to live with his daughter and continue treatment for myeloma after his wife died. He was a lifelong New Yorker with a thick regional accent. In addition to the side effects from chemotherapy, his biggest complaint was that he missed his garden. Because we shared a ...
Iversen Lene Hjerrild - - 2012
This thesis has reported survival among Danish colorectal cancer patients over the past decades and it has explored different aspects of the inferior short-term and long-term survival of Danish patients in relation to (i) patient factors: old age and comorbidity; (ii) disease factors: prognostic factors for early death after emergency ...
Gandjour Afschin - - 2012
Given the limited resources for preventive care, policy-makers need to consider the efficiency/cost-effectiveness of preventive measures, such as drugs and vaccines, when allocating preventive care resources. However, in many settings only limited information on lifetime costs and effects of preventive measures exists. Therefore, it seems useful to provide policy-makers with ...
Kaba J - - 2012
This long-term observational cohort study was carried out to evaluate the effect of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) infection on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of milk production in dairy goats. For this purpose, a dairy herd comprising both CAEV-infected and uninfected female goats was observed for 12 consecutive years. Records ...
Pryce J E - - 2012
Feed makes up a large proportion of variable costs in dairying. For this reason, selection for traits associated with feed conversion efficiency should lead to greater profitability of dairying. Residual feed intake (RFI) is the difference between actual and predicted feed intakes and is a useful selection criterion for greater ...
Schencking Martin - - 2012
Vitamin C is an immune-relevant micronutrient, which is depleted in viral infections and this deficiency seems to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of herpes infections and in the development of postherpetic neuralgia. The objective of this observational multicenter study was to evaluate the utilization, safety and efficacy of ...
Talati Ripple - - 2012
Generic antiepileptic drugs achieve blood concentrations similar to those of innovator drugs in healthy volunteers, but their comparative effectiveness has not been well evaluated. Thus, we assessed the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of innovator versus generic antiepileptic drugs. We searched the MEDLINE database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane ...
Floerchinger Bernhard - - 2012
The inferiority of organs from brain dead donors is reflected by impaired graft survival and patient outcome. Brain death effects hemodynamic stability, hormonal changes, and neuroimmunologic effects and unleashes a cascade of inflammatory events. Despite considerable efforts in experimental and clinical research, most of the mechanisms linked to brain death ...
Wrigley Hannah - - 2012
Oral care is a hallmark of attentive, high-quality nursing care. Oral care improves a patient's sense of well-being, communication, and nutritional status, and lowers the risk for pneumonia. However, for patients with severe trismus, oral care may seem impossible. Trismus is the inability to open the mouth more than 35 ...
Van de Werf Frans - - 2012
The management of acute coronary syndrome in Europe is covered by various European Society of Cardiology guidelines, which although valuable, are complex and may not always provide clear guidance in everyday clinical practice. Consequently, implementation of the guideline recommendations is frequently suboptimal. To complicate matters further, a wealth of new ...
Rognlien M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different oils (butter, fish, and oxidized fish) on sensory characteristics of a savory [chile-lime (CL)] low-fat yogurt using descriptive (unstructured line scales, 5 attributes) and affective (hedonic) sensory testing methods. Yogurts were each manufactured at low [1.1-1.2% total fat; ...
Martínez Marín A L - - 2012
In this work, the effects of increasing amounts of 3 plant oils in diets on the fatty acid (FA) profile of goat milk were studied. The study consisted of 3 experiments, one per oil tested (linseed oil, LO; high oleic sunflower oil, HOSFO; and regular sunflower oil, RSFO). The 3 ...
Duport Philippe - - 2012
For decades, there have been debates regarding the nature of the relationship between exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation and cancer risk. Under the linear no-threshold hypothesis, which serves as a theoretical basis for current radiation protection standards, the risk of cancer at low levels of exposure is presumed ...
Maciejewski Adam - - 2012
Reconstruction of the pharynx and cervical esophagus has significantly progressed in the last 2 decades. A revolution in microvascular surgery has provided numerous choices for primary restoration, or in secondary reconstructions necessary for recurrences or complications of primary surgery. The goals of reconstruction after laryngopharyngoesophagectomy are to provide continuity of ...
Bautista-Castaño Inmaculada - - 2012
A long-standing belief held by the general public is that bread fattens. This encourages many people to restrict, or even eliminate, bread from their diet. The present review was conducted to assess whether or not eating patterns that include bread are associated with overall obesity or excess abdominal adiposity, whether ...
Isaacson Walter - - 2012
The author, whose biography of Steve Jobs was an instant best seller after the Apple CEO's death in October 2011, sets out here to correct what he perceives as an undue fixation by many commentators on the rough edges of Jobs's personality. That personality was integral to his way of ...
Kato Kinshi - - 2012
The patients with lumbar spinal stenosis do not automatically deteriorate and will remain unchanged or even improved by conservative treatment. Spine surgeries for the patients with lumbar spinal stenosis have markedly increased as its increasing need, and these surgeries have been believed to improve the quality of life. The purpose ...
Hinz K - - 2012
Mastitis is a major disease in dairy cattle, which causes significant economic losses due to decreased milk production, veterinary costs, and discarded milk. Escherichia coli is one of the most prevalent species of gram-negative bacteria that induce clinical mastitis. The objective of the present study was to characterize the proteolytic ...
Oliveira L - - 2012
Antimicrobials are often used for treatment of bovine mastitis and the possibility of selection for resistant bacteria must be considered. The objectives of this study were to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of Staphylococcus aureus recovered from cases of clinical and subclinical bovine mastitis, and to determine the prevalence of ...
SokoĊ‚owski Grzegorz - - 2012
Microvessel density in angiogenesis is regarded as a prognostic factor of tumour invasiveness, independent of cell proliferation. In recent studies of pituitary tumours, correlation between the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and micro-vascularization density and microvessel surface density has been established. We studied the expression of COX-2 in different types of ...
Abrams Steven A - - 2012
The importance of vitamin D for ensuring the health of children has long been understood. Over time, however, dietary recommendations for vitamin D intake have varied, with some eras seeing higher levels recommended and some lower. Remarkably, the current recommendations from the Institute of Medicine are not much different from ...
Barnett Chad M - - 2012
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a signaling kinase of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (also known as Akt) signaling pathway that mediates cell growth and metabolism. Dysregulation of the mTOR pathway creates a favorable environment for the development and progression of many cancers, including breast cancer, and is ...
Rosa Dário Júnior de Freitas - - 2012
Erythema elevatum diutinum is a chronic and rare cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis, characterized by red, purple and yellow papules, plaques and nodules, distributed symmetrically on the extensor surfaces of the limbs. It is associated with several autoimmune, neoplastic and infectious processes, mainly hematological malignancies in about 30% of the cases. Joint ...
Chen Ying-Bei - - 2012
Context.-Cystic lesions of the kidney may be accompanied by a range of neoplasms with distinct prognoses and future risks of developing additional tumors. In addition, some renal tumors, with or without accompanying renal cysts, may show a prominent cystic component. In the adult population, neoplasms occurring in a background of ...
Galica Jacqueline - - 2012
Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in Canada. Chemotherapy often is used as treatment for colorectal cancer, and studies have documented cognitive changes in patients after chemotherapy treatment. What remains unclear is the impact of such changes on a person's roles and relationships, herein referred to as ...
Rasmussen Ditlev Nytoft - - 2012
Pancreatic pseudocysts arise as a complication to acute or chronic pancreatitis. Transmural drainage under guidance of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a minimally invasive approach. The results of a case series was retrospectively reviewed with a mean follow-up of 441 days. Twenty-two consecutive patients (mean age 51 years, 13 men) who ...
French E A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine if ruminally infusing volatile fatty acid (VFA) increased concentration of their homologous odd- and branched-chain fatty acid (OBCFA) in rumen contents and milk. The influence of VFA on dry matter intake (DMI), blood metabolites, and blood insulin was also evaluated. Four mid-lactation ...
Li Neng-Zhang - - 2012
Paenibacillus sp. strain Aloe-11, a Gram-positive, spore-forming, facultatively anaerobic bacterium isolated from the root of Aloe chinensis in the southwest region of China, has excellent antibiotic activity and intestine colonization ability. Here, we present the 5.8-Mb draft genome sequence of Paenibacillus sp. strain Aloe-11.
Javed Muhammad - - 2012
(99m)Tc-labeled amine thiophene ligand might be a potential candidate for brain imaging. The purpose was to investigate the uptake of a radiolabeled drug in the brain. In this study, a tetradentate amine-thiophene-dione ligand was synthesized by the reaction of thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde with ethane-1,2-diamine and reducing with NaBH(4). The ligand system was ...
Johannsson Magnus - - 2012
Pharmacoepidemiology is a rapidly growing discipline that is useful in studies on effects and adverse effects of drugs. During past years and decades databases have been built in Iceland that are becoming powerful tools for this kind of research. The databases are, however only useful for pharmacoepidemiological research if they ...
Netto George J - - 2012
The unprecedented advances in cancer genetics and genomics are rapidly affecting clinical management and diagnostics in solid tumor oncology. Molecular diagnostics is now an integral part of routine clinical management in patients with lung, colon, and breast cancer. In sharp contrast, molecular biomarkers have been largely excluded from current management ...
Bonanno Alessandro - - 2012
Patients with orbital and periorbital cancer expect to be cured or survive for several years after their malignancy is detected and surgically removed. However, despite advancements in reconstructive surgery, survivors often remain facially disfigured and spend significant portions of their lives dealing with stigma, a mark of social disgrace. Although ...
Higgs R J - - 2012
Nitrogen excretion is of particular concern on dairy farms, not only because of its effects on water quality, but also because of the subsequent release of gases such as ammonia to the atmosphere. To manage N excretion, accurate estimates of urinary N (UN) and fecal N (FN) are needed. On ...
Gudnason Gudni Arnar - - 2012
A 78 year-old male was admitted for rehabilitation after a trans-tibial amputation three months earlier. Scheduled training with a prosthetic leg was postponed due to muscle atrophy and weakness. As the patient's status deteriorated, blood results showed worsening hyponatremia.Work-up revealed pituitary insufficiency caused by a pituitary mass. The patient's general ...
Eto Masato - - 2012
Recently, the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) has developed a practical definition of sarcopenia, which is the presence of both low muscle mass + low muscle function (strength or performance) . Several studies have shown that sarcopenia might result from low levels of testosterone or vitamin ...
Rubin Krista M - - 2012
Ipilimumab is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved novel T-cell potentiator that improves survival in metastatic melanoma. Ipilimumab blocks cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4, a negative regulator of the immune response, thus promoting T-cell activation and prolonging a patient's antitumor response. However, that action may produce a mechanism-related spectrum of immune-related adverse ...
Brick T A - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to assess the responses to treatments (clinical cure and cow survival 14d posttherapy) of cows with clinical endometritis (CE) that received intrauterine infusion of a hypertonic solution of 50% dextrose (DEX) or subcutaneous ceftiofur crystalline free acid (CCFA) and subsequent pregnancy per artificial insemination ...
Robaszkiewicz Jacek - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the visual acuity and structural outcomes of combined phacovitrectomy with ILM peeling, retinal endophotocoagulation and use of bevacizumab in patients with diffuse diabetic macular edema (DDME). In this prospective, nonrandomized, interventional study we included 29 eyes of 26 patients with DDME. The ...
Haines Stuart T - - 2012
The use of vitamin D supplements to prevent and treat a wide range of illnesses has increased substantially over the last decade. Epidemiologic evidence links vitamin D deficiency to autoimmune disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, depression, dementia, infectious diseases, musculoskeletal decline, and more. The Institute of Medicine published an exhaustive report ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >