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Results 201 - 250 of 3416
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Carvalho Simone Manso de - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical characteristics and outcome of a rheumatic fever case-series from a referral hospital over the last 20 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients under the age of 18 years, diagnosed with rheumatic fever between 1986 and 2007 were retrospectively assessed to estimate the carditis and relapse rates, ...
Ross Hillary - - 2012
Context.-The diagnosis of primary renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) with both papillary architecture and cells with clear cytoplasm can be diagnostically challenging for practicing pathologists. The 4 main neoplasms in the differential diagnosis are clear cell RCC, papillary RCC, clear cell papillary RCC, and Xp11 translocation RCC. Accurate diagnosis has both ...
- - 2012
Case managers are being challenged to find a discharge destination for patients who are uninsured or underinsured and who need services after hospitalization.These patients often stay in the hospital longer than necessary, at the hospital's expense. Case managers should develop a network of community resources that can assist with care ...
Ulrik Charlotte Suppli - - 2012
Asthma is common in elite athletes, but our knowledge of asthma in elite canoe and kayak athletes is limited. The aim of the present prospective cross-sectional study was therefore to investigate the prevalence of asthma, including asthma-like symptoms, exhaled nitric oxide, and airway reactivity to mannitol in Danish elite canoe ...
Graugnard D E - - 2012
Cows experience some degree of negative energy balance and immunosuppression around parturition, making them vulnerable to metabolic and infectious diseases. The effect of prepartum feeding of diets to meet (control, 1.34Mcal/kg of dry matter) or exceed (overfed, 1.62Mcal/kg of dry matter) dietary energy requirements was evaluated during the entire dry ...
Beriat Güçlü Kaan - - 2012
In recent years, pimecrolimus 1% cream has been demonstrated to reduce symptoms of atopic dermatitis in patients when applied topically. In our study we compared the therapeutic effects of local 1% pimecrolimus to 1% hydrocortisone, and to a control group in a mouse model with atopic dermatitis in the external ...
Ma He - - 2012
There have been few studies conducted on the oral health status of illegal drug users in China, affecting the development of preventive and therapeutic approaches. The aim of the present study was to investigate and analyze the oral health status of former heroin users treated with methadone in Chengdu, the ...
Khan Haroon - - 2012
The current study was undertaken to evaluate the rhizomes of Polygonatum verticillatum against various pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Broad spectrum antibacterial activity was demonstrated by the crude extract of the plant and its subsequent solvent fractions; predominantly against Gram-negative bacteria. MICs of the extracts against Escherchia coli, Salmonella typhi and ...
Nicholas Barbara - - 2012
Just a word of congratulations for your article, "Autoethnography: Ref lective Journaling and Meditation to Cope With Life-Threatening Breast Cancer" (Sealy, 2012), published in the Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing. I so appreciated the piece. Truly, I felt a great calm after reading, a tribute to your ability to write ...
Tan W S - - 2012
Flavor development in ripening Cheddar cheese depends on complex microbial and biochemical processes that are difficult to study in natural cheese. Thus, our group has developed Cheddar cheese extract (CCE) as a model system to study these processes. In previous work, we found that CCE supported growth of Lactobacillus casei, ...
Sass Peter - - 2012
The increasing emergence of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a problem of global importance. Here, we report the genome of S. aureus VC40, which is resistant to the last-resort antibiotics vancomycin and daptomycin. Its genome sequence will allow insights into the mechanisms that convey full resistance to these compounds.
Taylor Lee - - 2012
Heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) is expressed in response to stress and has been demonstrated to follow a diurnal expression pattern within monocytes and is sensitive to changes in core temperature. Numerous studies have shown changes in HSP72 expression within cell lines exposed to hyperbaric conditions. No studies have investigated ...
Gardner Heidi K - - 2012
All teams would like to think they do their best work when the stakes are highest-when the company's future or their own rests on the outcome of their projects. But too often something else happens. In extensive studies of teams at professional service firms, Harvard Business School's Gardner has seen ...
Barbosa Vitalina de Souza - - 2012
In recent years, mediators synthesized in the adipose tissue, the so-called adipokines, have been described. They have a hormonal action, regulating appetite and glucose metabolism, but also act as cytokines with effects on the immune system, including effects on autoimmunity. The most important adipokines are leptin, adiponectin, resistin and visfatin, ...
Watson Joni - - 2012
The number of blogs and related online activities continues to grow exponentially each year. Patients increasingly are turning to the Internet for personalized, timely, and relevant health information; blogs remain a large source of that information. Nurses and other healthcare professionals can harness the informational, educational, networking, and supportive power ...
Knorr Ulla Benedichte - - 2012
The mechanisms of action for selective serotonin re-uptake in-hibitors (SSRI) in depressed patients remain widely unknown. The serotonergic neurotransmitter system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system may interact. Further, the serotonergic neurotransmitter system seems closely linked to personality and cognition. It is not known if SSRIs have a direct effect on ...
Popovic Marko - - 2012
Introduction: Maintenance or improvement in quality of life (QoL) is the main goal of palliative treatments for bone metastases. Validated and comprehensive tools assessing QoL for specific patient subgroups are required in order to accurately assess and make informed decisions about palliative treatments. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment ...
Piry A - - 2012
We investigated the fractionation of casein micelles and the whey protein β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) of skim milk by crossflow microfiltration (0.1μm) for the first time by a novel approach as a function of membrane length and membrane resistance. A special module was constructed with 4 sections and used to assess the ...
Yu P - - 2012
The objective of this study was to use diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) molecular spectroscopy to investigate the relationship between carbohydrate (CHO) molecular structure spectral profiles (in terms of CHO molecular spectral peak area and height intensities) and CHO chemical profiles, CHO subfractions, energy values, and rumen fermentable organic ...
Kim Su Jin - - 2012
The draft genome of Janthinobacterium sp. strain PAMC 25724, which is a violacein-producing psychrotolerant bacterium, was determined. The strain was isolated from glacier cryoconite of the Alps mountain permafrost region. The sequence will allow identification and characterization of the genetic determination of its cold-adaptive properties.
Sirota-Madi Alexandra - - 2012
Paenibacillus dendritiformis is a Gram-positive, soil-dwelling, spore-forming social microorganism. An intriguing collective faculty of this strain is manifested by its ability to switch between different morphotypes, such as the branching (T) and the chiral (C) morphotypes. Here we report the 6.3-Mb draft genome sequence of the P. dendritiformis C454 chiral ...
Ziemba Radosław - - 2012
Background: Military casualties in Afghanistan arise in part from climatic and natural conditions that are difficult for European soldiers to endure, as well as from intense guerrilla combat with mass use of IEDs (improvised explosive devices), thus posing numerous and diverse medical problems requiring evacuation to the home country. A ...
Hussain Khalid - - 2012
Hitherto, only a few studies are reported about using the combination of TLC and RP-HPLC for the separation and determination of analyte(s) from a complex matrix. The present study is aimed to develop a simple and rapid method for the separation and determination of betulinic acid from a complex matrix, ...
Hansen Margrethe Foss - - 2012
We have developed a one-hour standardised, accelerated diagnostic investigation programme to evaluate women with urinary incontinence (UI). The purpose of the study was to record how many patients followed the programme and had a diagnosis and a treatment plan after a one-hour visit and to describe the causes of deviation ...
Roth Z - - 2012
Ovarian follicular cysts and persistent follicles are follicular pathologies involved in reduced fertility of dairy cows. Two separate experiments were performed on high-yielding Holstein cows to characterize ovarian cyclicity and evaluate the developmental dynamics of follicle pathologies postpartum. In experiment 1, 58 cows were monitored by ultrasonography twice weekly from ...
Capranzano Piera - - 2012
The combination of unfractionated heparin (UFH) plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) has been a frequently used anti-thrombotic treatment strategy for acute coronary syndrome patients, including those with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the ischemic benefit of the UFH plus GPI combination came at the expense ...
Gernand E - - 2012
Test-day records for protein yield, protein percent, fat percent and somatic cell score combined with diagnoses for health traits from 19,870 Holstein cows kept in 9 large-scale contract herds in the region of Thuringia, Germany, were used to infer genetic parameters. From an electronic database system for recording diagnoses, 15 ...
Saratlija Novakovic Zana - - 2012
In a healthy kidney, contractile protein alpha-smooth muscle actin (ASMA) is immunohistochemically strongly expressed only in the blood vessels, while in pathological conditions it can be visualized in glomerular mesangial cells and interstitial myofibroblasts. The aim of this study was to explore the possible correlation between expression of ASMA in ...
Abdulkarim Muthanna Fawzy - - 2012
The surface activity of some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents like ibuprofen was investigated extensively. This fact has attracted the researchers to extend this behavior to other agents like piroxicam. Piroxicam molecules are expected to orient at the interface of oil and aqueous phase. The aim of this study was, firstly, to ...
- - 2012
The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics in Iowa City, has developed strategies to identify uninsured patients early in the stay, and help them access ongoing care in the community. Twelve healthcare benefit assistance program social workers educate patients and families about financial options and help them apply for government-sponsored ...
Gooding Margaret A - - 2012
Cats exposed to novel environments initiate stress responses by behavioral and physiological changes that modify metabolism and lead to the collection of unreliable data. Fourteen cats (10 ± 2 months) were subjected to an 11-week acclimation procedure to adapt to restriction within chambers used for indirect calorimetry studies. Cats were ...
Thorup V M - - 2012
Precise energy balance estimates for individual cows are of great importance to monitor health, reproduction, and feed management. Energy balance is usually calculated as energy input minus output (EB(inout)), requiring measurements of feed intake and energy output sources (milk, maintenance, activity, growth, and pregnancy). Except for milk yield, direct measurements ...
Dobrian Anca D - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease is associated with increased levels of assymetric N(G),N(G)-dimethylarginine (ADMA), which is predictive of increased mortality and cardiovascular disease. ADMA induces endothelial dysfunction through competitive inhibition of the endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS) substrate L-arginine. Kajimoto et al. show that ADMA may also reduce nitric oxide production via decreased ...
Harada Atsushi - - 2012
Among geriatric syndromes, fall and fall-related fractures are one of the leading causes of the elderly's need for long-term care. Hip fractures are the typical cases. The underlying diseases of locomotive syndrome, such as sarcopenia, musculoskeletal ambulation disorder symptom complex, and osteoporosis, are closely associated with fall and fall-related fractures. ...
Smith Nancy Zeller - - 2012
Treatment selection for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is guided by multiple factors, most importantly hormone receptor (HR) or HER2 expression, treatment history, and prognostic factors such as short disease-free interval, presence of visceral metastases, performance status, and degree of symptoms. Chemotherapy is indicated as initial therapy for patients with HR-negative ...
Lundstrøm Lars Hyldborg - - 2012
Several studies have identified difficult airway management including a difficult tracheal intubation of patients undergoing general anaesthesia as a major cause of anaesthesia-related morbidity and mortality. Therefore it is presumed that a difficult tracheal intubation is a surrogate marker for morbidity and mortality, and by reducing the prevalence of difficult ...
Nguyen Janet - - 2012
Aims: To investigate the projected referral to other healthcare services in an outpatient palliative radiotherapy clinic. Methods: Patients referred for palliative radiotherapy from 1999 to 2002 inclusive and 2007 to 2009 inclusive were evaluated. The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System, which assesses nine symptoms, was completed by 1439 patients prior to ...
On-Nom N - - 2012
Calcium chloride (0-25mM) was added to skim milk powder that was reconstituted to 9% total solids. Heat stability was evaluated between 60 and 120°C for different times by observing whether samples had coagulated, and by measuring the amount of sediment and residual protein in the centrifuged supernatant. Milk samples were ...
Colombani C - - 2012
Genomic selection involves computing a prediction equation from the estimated effects of a large number of DNA markers based on a limited number of genotyped animals with phenotypes. The number of observations is much smaller than the number of independent variables, and the challenge is to find methods that perform ...
Wang Lin - - 2012
The objective of this study is to compare plantar loads during running on different overground surfaces. Fifteen heel-to-toe runners participated in the study. Plantar load data were collected and analyzed using an insole sensor system during running on concrete, synthetic rubber, and grass surfaces at a running speed of 3.8 ...
- - 2012
This "regular" issue of Biotechnology Journal features the best of the latest in biotechnology, with articles on established and new productions hosts, such as Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, plant and algae cultures. The cover image shows three shaking flasks illuminated by red, blue and white LEDs. Growth kinetics of ...
Lerch S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-term supplementation with different oilseeds rich in 18:1 cis-9 or 18:3n-3 fatty acids on dairy cow performance over 2 consecutive lactations. This trial involved 58 Holstein cows during the first year and 35 during the second year. During the ...
Weigel K A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to quantify the gains in genetic potential of replacement females that could be achieved by using genomic testing to facilitate selection and culling decisions on commercial dairy farms. Data were simulated for 100 commercial dairy herds, each with 1,850 cows, heifers, and calves. Parameters ...
Crump Kenny S - - 2012
A database containing 800 datasets on the incidence of specific tumor types from 262 radiation carcinogenicity experiments identified in a comprehensive literature search through September 2000 was analyzed for evidence of hormesis. This database includes lifetime studies of tumorigenic responses in mice, rats, and dogs to exposures to alpha, beta, ...
Steinkamp Martin - - 2012
Enteric glia cells (EGCs) are essential for the integrity of the bowel. A loss of EGCs leads to a severe inflammation of the intestines. As a diminished EGC network is postulated in Crohn's disease (CD), we aimed to investigate if EGCs could be a target of apoptosis during inflammation in ...
Chen Qinghai - - 2012
The accurate and high-throughput detection of drug resistance-related multiple point mutations remains a challenge. Although the combination of molecular beacons with bio-immobilization technology, such as microarray, is promising, its application is difficult due to the ineffective immobilization of molecular beacons on the chip surface. Here, we propose a novel asymmetric-loop ...
Robinson Brian - - 2012
Context.-Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) is a distinct clinicopathologic entity, characterized by an expansile proliferation of secretory cells within prostatic ducts and acini that demonstrate marked architectural and cytologic atypia. Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate is strongly associated with high-grade and high-volume, invasive prostate cancer and a poorer prognosis ...
McLaughlin Laura - - 2012
Taste dysfunction is a significant but underestimated issue for patients with cancer. Impaired taste results in changes in diet and appetite, early satiety, and impaired social interactions. Nurses can play a key role in educating patients and families on the pathophysiology of taste dysfunction by suggesting interventions to treat the ...
Gorlén Thomas - - 2012
Most terminally ill patients prefer to die at home, and the general practitioner (GP) is central in making this possible. However, knowledge is needed about the GP's level of confidence in assuming this task and with subcutaneous (SC) administration of medicine in end-of-life care. The aim of this study was ...
Meredith Fiona - - 2012
Evaluation of: Schaarschmidt ML, Schmieder A, Umar N et al. Patient preferences for psoriasis treatments. Process characteristics can outweigh outcome attributes. Arch. Dermatol. 147(11), 1285-1294 (2011). In a recent paper by Schaarschmidt et al., patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis completed a conjoint analysis survey (discrete choice experiment) to determine which factors ...
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