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Results 201 - 250 of 3416
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Ishibashi Hideaki - - 2012
Locomotive syndrome means a condition of need for long-term care or a condition at the possible risk of it, due to weakening of locomotive organs, which is, in other words, frailty of mobility. Locomotion training is all exercises that help prevention or remediation from locomotive syndrome and the centerpieces of ...
Shockney Lillie D - - 2012
After graduating from a three-year diploma RN program in 1974 at the age of 20, I became a nurse manager one year later. There were days when I felt like I really helped people. And there were days I needed help myself and went home feeling defeated and frustrated wondering ...
Turagam Mohit K - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major cause of ischemic stroke, especially in the elderly. There are currently enough data to support the notion that anticoagulation with warfarin or dabigatran is far superior to aspirin in the prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in AF. Aspirin is the preferred modality in ...
Banos G - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to derive phenotypic and genetic prediction equations of liveweight from linear conformation traits, and estimate genetic and phenotypic parameters for these traits. Data pertained to 2,728 conformation and liveweight records of 613 cows in 1,529 lactations. Cows were raised at the Scottish Agricultural College ...
Abbasi Muhammad Athar - - 2012
Methanolic extract of Boerhavia procumbens Bank ex Roxb. was partitioned with n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol sequentially after dissolving in distilled water. Phytochemical screening showed presence of phenolics, flavonoides and cardiac glycosides in large amount in chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol soluble fraction. The antioxidant activity of all these ...
- - 2012
This "regular" issue of Biotechnology Journal features the best of the latest in biotechnology, with articles on established and new productions hosts, such as Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, plant and algae cultures. The cover image shows three shaking flasks illuminated by red, blue and white LEDs. Growth kinetics of ...
Lerch S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of long-term supplementation with different oilseeds rich in 18:1 cis-9 or 18:3n-3 fatty acids on dairy cow performance over 2 consecutive lactations. This trial involved 58 Holstein cows during the first year and 35 during the second year. During the ...
Weigel K A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to quantify the gains in genetic potential of replacement females that could be achieved by using genomic testing to facilitate selection and culling decisions on commercial dairy farms. Data were simulated for 100 commercial dairy herds, each with 1,850 cows, heifers, and calves. Parameters ...
Crump Kenny S - - 2012
A database containing 800 datasets on the incidence of specific tumor types from 262 radiation carcinogenicity experiments identified in a comprehensive literature search through September 2000 was analyzed for evidence of hormesis. This database includes lifetime studies of tumorigenic responses in mice, rats, and dogs to exposures to alpha, beta, ...
Marin Alicia - - 2012
Abstract The recovery of potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) from bronchial secretions is associated with a local inflammatory response in COPD patients. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships between bronchial colonisation and both bronchial and systemic inflammation in stable COPD. In COPD patients recruited on first admission ...
Zhong Yazhen - - 2012
Common herpes viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) cause infection and disease after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder following allogeneic HCT is a rare but life-threatening disease, mostly associated with EBV-infected B cells. Anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (e.g., rituximab) target normal and infected B cells and further suppress the ...
Naaby-Hansen Søren - - 2012
This is a review of ten previously published studies of the human sperm proteome. Proteins expressed on the sperm cell surface were identified and characterized by a combination of vectorial labelling with radioiodine and biotin, PI-PLC treatment, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, immuno and lectin blotting procedures, affinity overlay assays with radioactive ...
Carod-Artal Francisco Javier - - 2012
Post-stroke health-related quality of life (HRQoL) reflects a comprehensive view of subjective health and a measure of a person's perceived physical, mental and social health following stroke. Generic scales may enable comparisons between groups of patients with a diverse range of conditions, although they may underestimate the effect of stroke ...
Baneyx Guillaume - - 2012
Interactions between co-administered medicines can reduce efficacy or lead to adverse effects. Understanding and managing such interactions is essential in bringing safe and effective medicines to the market. Ideally, interaction potential should be recognized early and minimized in compounds that reach late stages of drug development. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic models ...
Weiss W P - - 2012
Various diet formulation strategies were evaluated to alleviate milk fat depression using a corn milling product (CMP) that contained approximately 28% crude protein, 34% neutral detergent fiber (NDF), and 12% starch (dry basis). The control diet comprised mostly corn silage, alfalfa silage, corn grain, and soybean meal and contained approximately ...
Hines Lisa E - - 2012
In October 2009, a 2-day, multistakeholder, national conference was held in Rockville, Maryland, to discuss and propose methods to improve the drug-drug interaction (DDI) evidence base and its evaluation and integration into clinical decision support (CDS) systems. The conference featured participants representing consumers, health care providers, those responsible for relevant ...
Satake Shosuke - - 2012
One of the features of a change in our body composition with aging is a loss of muscle mass, which is called "sarcopenia" . This change may lead seniors to be dependent anothers for some activities in their daily lives. Although sarcopenia was primarily defined as a loss of muscle ...
Linage B - - 2012
The prevalence of coagulase-positive staphylococci (CPS) was studied among 390 samples of ewe milk. Fifty-seven (14.85%) samples of tank milk and all samples (6) of silo milk gave a positive result on Baird-Parker agar base supplemented with rabbit plasma fibrinogen, whereas amplification of the coagulase (coa) gene was successful in ...
Bignardi A B - - 2012
A total of 46,089 individual monthly test-day (TD) milk yields (10 test-days), from 7,331 complete first lactations of Holstein cattle were analyzed. A standard multivariate analysis (MV), reduced rank analyses fitting the first 2, 3, and 4 genetic principal components (PC2, PC3, PC4), and analyses that fitted a factor analytic ...
Wilson Daniel J - - 2012
The frequency of exercise-related injuries for physical activities and sports that have specifically lead to surgical intervention are rarely reported, especially regarding the patellofemoral articulation. Medical records from 1992 to 2005 of a multisite, urban-based hospital serving both large urban and rural populations were analyzed retrospectively. Injury data were presented ...
Bonanno Alessandro - - 2012
Patients with orbital and periorbital cancer expect to be cured or survive for several years after their malignancy is detected and surgically removed. However, despite advancements in reconstructive surgery, survivors often remain facially disfigured and spend significant portions of their lives dealing with stigma, a mark of social disgrace. Although ...
Higgs R J - - 2012
Nitrogen excretion is of particular concern on dairy farms, not only because of its effects on water quality, but also because of the subsequent release of gases such as ammonia to the atmosphere. To manage N excretion, accurate estimates of urinary N (UN) and fecal N (FN) are needed. On ...
Gudnason Gudni Arnar - - 2012
A 78 year-old male was admitted for rehabilitation after a trans-tibial amputation three months earlier. Scheduled training with a prosthetic leg was postponed due to muscle atrophy and weakness. As the patient's status deteriorated, blood results showed worsening hyponatremia.Work-up revealed pituitary insufficiency caused by a pituitary mass. The patient's general ...
Buchholz William M - - 2012
Harry moved to California to live with his daughter and continue treatment for myeloma after his wife died. He was a lifelong New Yorker with a thick regional accent. In addition to the side effects from chemotherapy, his biggest complaint was that he missed his garden. Because we shared a ...
Iversen Lene Hjerrild - - 2012
This thesis has reported survival among Danish colorectal cancer patients over the past decades and it has explored different aspects of the inferior short-term and long-term survival of Danish patients in relation to (i) patient factors: old age and comorbidity; (ii) disease factors: prognostic factors for early death after emergency ...
Gandjour Afschin - - 2012
Given the limited resources for preventive care, policy-makers need to consider the efficiency/cost-effectiveness of preventive measures, such as drugs and vaccines, when allocating preventive care resources. However, in many settings only limited information on lifetime costs and effects of preventive measures exists. Therefore, it seems useful to provide policy-makers with ...
Kaba J - - 2012
This long-term observational cohort study was carried out to evaluate the effect of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) infection on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of milk production in dairy goats. For this purpose, a dairy herd comprising both CAEV-infected and uninfected female goats was observed for 12 consecutive years. Records ...
Pryce J E - - 2012
Feed makes up a large proportion of variable costs in dairying. For this reason, selection for traits associated with feed conversion efficiency should lead to greater profitability of dairying. Residual feed intake (RFI) is the difference between actual and predicted feed intakes and is a useful selection criterion for greater ...
Talati Ripple - - 2012
Generic antiepileptic drugs achieve blood concentrations similar to those of innovator drugs in healthy volunteers, but their comparative effectiveness has not been well evaluated. Thus, we assessed the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of innovator versus generic antiepileptic drugs. We searched the MEDLINE database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane ...
Floerchinger Bernhard - - 2012
The inferiority of organs from brain dead donors is reflected by impaired graft survival and patient outcome. Brain death effects hemodynamic stability, hormonal changes, and neuroimmunologic effects and unleashes a cascade of inflammatory events. Despite considerable efforts in experimental and clinical research, most of the mechanisms linked to brain death ...
Frye Robin - - 2012
Patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) have a rare, disfiguring, and life-threatening subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma primarily localized to the skin. Their immune systems are altered and their skin is compromised. In addition, they are highly prone to infections-the most common cause of death in patients with this disease. Patients ...
Christensen Kristian Friesgaard - - 2012
This retrospective cohort study aimed to determine if the effect of corticosteroid treatment on idiopathic facial palsy (IFP) could be reproduced in patients treated in a strictly clinical setting. A total of 43 patients diagnosed with IFP in the period 2004-2009 were included and patient files were reviewed. Treatment with ...
Street Richard L - - 2012
This article examines the nature of patients' preferences for healthcare and whether clinician accommodation of patient preferences influences health outcomes. First, we provide a conceptualization of patient preferences along with their key attributes. Second, we review research on the relationship between health outcomes and patient preferences for treatments and for ...
Sjö Peter - - 2012
Due to its implication in pathologies of prevalent diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, fibrosis, bronchiectasis and ARDS, the serine protease, human neutrophil elastase, has been in focus for drug-development efforts over the last two decades. In recent years, continued efforts to identify and optimize novel mechanism-based inhibitors have ...
Reveneau C - - 2012
Feeding animal-vegetable (AV) fat or medium-chain fatty acids (FA) to dairy cows can decrease ruminal protozoal counts. However, combining moderate to large amounts of AV fat with monensin (tradename: Rumensin, R) could increase the risk for milk fat depression (MFD), whereas it is not known if diets supplemented with coconut ...
Jahan Sarwat - - 2012
This histomorphological study is designed to evaluate the peripheral action of 2,8-Dimercapto-6-hydroxypurine (an antithyroid drug) on male reproductive system. The drug was administered as i.p. injection for 21 days to investigate its role on morphology of intratesticular cells and plasma testosterone level. Adult male rats (n=12), divided into three groups ...
Watson Joni - - 2012
The number of blogs and related online activities continues to grow exponentially each year. Patients increasingly are turning to the Internet for personalized, timely, and relevant health information; blogs remain a large source of that information. Nurses and other healthcare professionals can harness the informational, educational, networking, and supportive power ...
Knorr Ulla Benedichte - - 2012
The mechanisms of action for selective serotonin re-uptake in-hibitors (SSRI) in depressed patients remain widely unknown. The serotonergic neurotransmitter system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system may interact. Further, the serotonergic neurotransmitter system seems closely linked to personality and cognition. It is not known if SSRIs have a direct effect on ...
Popovic Marko - - 2012
Introduction: Maintenance or improvement in quality of life (QoL) is the main goal of palliative treatments for bone metastases. Validated and comprehensive tools assessing QoL for specific patient subgroups are required in order to accurately assess and make informed decisions about palliative treatments. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment ...
Piry A - - 2012
We investigated the fractionation of casein micelles and the whey protein β-lactoglobulin (β-LG) of skim milk by crossflow microfiltration (0.1μm) for the first time by a novel approach as a function of membrane length and membrane resistance. A special module was constructed with 4 sections and used to assess the ...
Yu P - - 2012
The objective of this study was to use diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) molecular spectroscopy to investigate the relationship between carbohydrate (CHO) molecular structure spectral profiles (in terms of CHO molecular spectral peak area and height intensities) and CHO chemical profiles, CHO subfractions, energy values, and rumen fermentable organic ...
Ziemba Radosław - - 2012
Background: Military casualties in Afghanistan arise in part from climatic and natural conditions that are difficult for European soldiers to endure, as well as from intense guerrilla combat with mass use of IEDs (improvised explosive devices), thus posing numerous and diverse medical problems requiring evacuation to the home country. A ...
Hussain Khalid - - 2012
Hitherto, only a few studies are reported about using the combination of TLC and RP-HPLC for the separation and determination of analyte(s) from a complex matrix. The present study is aimed to develop a simple and rapid method for the separation and determination of betulinic acid from a complex matrix, ...
Chen Ying-Bei - - 2012
Context.-Cystic lesions of the kidney may be accompanied by a range of neoplasms with distinct prognoses and future risks of developing additional tumors. In addition, some renal tumors, with or without accompanying renal cysts, may show a prominent cystic component. In the adult population, neoplasms occurring in a background of ...
Galica Jacqueline - - 2012
Colorectal cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in Canada. Chemotherapy often is used as treatment for colorectal cancer, and studies have documented cognitive changes in patients after chemotherapy treatment. What remains unclear is the impact of such changes on a person's roles and relationships, herein referred to as ...
Rasmussen Ditlev Nytoft - - 2012
Pancreatic pseudocysts arise as a complication to acute or chronic pancreatitis. Transmural drainage under guidance of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a minimally invasive approach. The results of a case series was retrospectively reviewed with a mean follow-up of 441 days. Twenty-two consecutive patients (mean age 51 years, 13 men) who ...
French E A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine if ruminally infusing volatile fatty acid (VFA) increased concentration of their homologous odd- and branched-chain fatty acid (OBCFA) in rumen contents and milk. The influence of VFA on dry matter intake (DMI), blood metabolites, and blood insulin was also evaluated. Four mid-lactation ...
Javed Muhammad - - 2012
(99m)Tc-labeled amine thiophene ligand might be a potential candidate for brain imaging. The purpose was to investigate the uptake of a radiolabeled drug in the brain. In this study, a tetradentate amine-thiophene-dione ligand was synthesized by the reaction of thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde with ethane-1,2-diamine and reducing with NaBH(4). The ligand system was ...
Johannsson Magnus - - 2012
Pharmacoepidemiology is a rapidly growing discipline that is useful in studies on effects and adverse effects of drugs. During past years and decades databases have been built in Iceland that are becoming powerful tools for this kind of research. The databases are, however only useful for pharmacoepidemiological research if they ...
Wrigley Hannah - - 2012
Oral care is a hallmark of attentive, high-quality nursing care. Oral care improves a patient's sense of well-being, communication, and nutritional status, and lowers the risk for pneumonia. However, for patients with severe trismus, oral care may seem impossible. Trismus is the inability to open the mouth more than 35 ...
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