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Larsen Morten Bo - - 2012
Venous reconstructions after iatrogenic injuries are rarely performed and are associated with a relatively high risk of complications. We present our experiences with venous reconstructive surgery to the iliofemoral vein segment. We reviewed ten patients with venous injuries evaluating clinical characteristics, operative and postoperative data including location and type of ...
Pusic Andrea L - - 2012
The goal of postmastectomy breast reconstruction is to restore a woman's body image and to satisfy her personal expectations regarding the results of surgery. Studies in other surgical areas have shown that unrecognized or unfulfilled expectations may predict dissatisfaction more strongly than even the technical success of the surgery. Patient ...
Billin Andrew - - 2012
Lineage-committed stem and progenitor cells are currently targeted by a handful of medicines, mainly to treat conditions involving the immune and hematopoietic systems. Knowledge of new stem and progenitor cell populations in the body is accumulating at a rapid pace and a new era of targeting resident stem cell populations ...
Spears J W - - 2012
Thirty-six Angus and Angus×Simmental heifers, averaging 291kg, were used to determine the effects of dietary Cr, in the form of Cr propionate (Cr Prop), on glucose metabolism and serum insulin concentrations following glucose administration. Heifers were stratified by body weight (BW) within a breed and randomly assigned to treatments. Treatments ...
Kataoka Yu - - 2012
Atherosclerotic disease is responsible for nearly half of all deaths in the western world. During the past three decades, considerable efforts have been made towards detection and assessment of atherosclerosis plaques in various vascular beds using different imaging techniques. Recently, both noninvasive and invasive modalities have frequently been used to ...
Jacobs J A - - 2012
Facility design can affect the accessibility of an automatic milking system (AMS). In particular, gates and alleys positioned around the AMS may affect cow traffic and cow behavior, potentially affecting the duration of time the AMS is available for milking. Eighty-four Holstein cows of various parities and days in milk ...
Natella Fausta - - 2012
Coffee consumption has been associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes. This association does not depend on race, gender, geographic distribution of the study populations, or the type of coffee consumed (i.e., caffeinated or decaffeinated). This review discusses the strength of this relationship, examines the possibility that the ...
Abbas Ghulam - - 2012
The current study was aimed at comparing the behavioral and biochemical (5-hydroxytryptamine and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid levels) effects of monoamine reuptake inhibitors (fluoxetine, venlafaxine and imipramine) in sub-chronically forced swim stressed rats. At the given doses of 10, 20 and 30 mg/kg, among aforesaid antidepressants, the imipramine treatment alone caused significant ...
Rathbun R Chris - - 2012
The Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education issued revised standards (Standards 2007) for professional programs leading to the Doctor of Pharmacy degree in July 2007. The new standards require colleges and schools of pharmacy to provide pharmacy practice experiences that include direct interaction with diverse patient populations. These experiences are to ...
Eltoum Isam A - - 2012
Context.-Little has been reported on changes in pancreatic pathology practice after implementation of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). Objectives.-We assessed the impact of EUS-FNA on cytologic diagnosis replacing histologic diagnosis for pancreatic disease and determined whether it fulfills Christensen criteria of a disruptive innovation effect. Design.-Pattern of utilization during 20 years, ...
- - 2012
Hospitals need to develop a detailed policy of when and how they'll provide post-acute financial assistance for uninsured or under-insured patients. The policy should allow staff to get real time decisions about what will be covered. Staff should apply the policy consistently to all patients in all situations. A policy ...
Giles Thomas D - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:198-205. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Under resting conditions the arterial vasculature exists in a vasoconstricted state referred to as vascular tone. Physiological dilatation in response to increased flow, a function of normal endothelium is necessary to maintain normal blood pressure. Endothelial dysfunction in vascular smooth muscle ...
Gordon Julian - - 2012
In the search for more powerful tools for diagnoses of endemic diseases in resource-limited settings, we have been analyzing technologies with potential applicability. Increasingly, the process focuses on readily accessible bodily fluids combined with increasingly powerful multiplex capabilities to unambiguously diagnose a condition without resorting to reliance on a sophisticated ...
Deguillaume L - - 2012
In contrast to endometritis, now diagnosed by cytological examination, the effect of endocervical inflammation on reproductive performance has been inadequately investigated. In this study, endocervical and endometrial cytological specimens were collected from 168 Holstein cows between 21 and 60 days in milk (DIM) to investigate the prevalence of endocervical inflammation ...
Khan Haroon - - 2012
Mercury is harmless in an insoluble form, such as mercuric sulfide, but it is poisonous in soluble forms such as mercuric chloride or methylmercury. Mercury is a neurotoxin. Outbreaks of mercuric chloride poisonings have made it clear that adults, children, and developing fetuses are at risk from ingestion exposure to ...
Smyth Andrew - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:216-221. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The initial description of Page kidney, a form of renin-mediated hypertension, included athletes with renal subcapsular hematoma after flank trauma. Subsequently, nontraumatic etiologies were identified. In this study, the authors compare traumatic and nontraumatic causes of Page kidney. All cases with ...
Ahmad Mansoor - - 2012
Biological screening of Scrophularia nodosa crude extract and its fractions (hexane, chloroform, ethyl-acetate, n-butanol and aqueous) was carried out on phytotoxicity, cytotoxicity, antibacterial, antifungal and analgesic activities. Crude extract and its fractions produced 50-100% phytotoxicity at 1000μ/mL concentration whereas 25-77% phytotoxicity was observed at 10μ/mL concentration. The fractions exhibited significant ...
Bertolini Gladson Ricardo Flor - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of high-voltage cathodic current on pain from a sciatica experimental model. METHODS: A total of 16 male Wistar rats were submitted to the sciatica experimental model in the right hind paw. They were divided into sham group (GS) and group treated with cathodic current (GP-) ...
Eto Masato - - 2012
Recently, the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) has developed a practical definition of sarcopenia, which is the presence of both low muscle mass + low muscle function (strength or performance) . Several studies have shown that sarcopenia might result from low levels of testosterone or vitamin ...
Rubin Krista M - - 2012
Ipilimumab is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved novel T-cell potentiator that improves survival in metastatic melanoma. Ipilimumab blocks cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4, a negative regulator of the immune response, thus promoting T-cell activation and prolonging a patient's antitumor response. However, that action may produce a mechanism-related spectrum of immune-related adverse ...
Brick T A - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to assess the responses to treatments (clinical cure and cow survival 14d posttherapy) of cows with clinical endometritis (CE) that received intrauterine infusion of a hypertonic solution of 50% dextrose (DEX) or subcutaneous ceftiofur crystalline free acid (CCFA) and subsequent pregnancy per artificial insemination ...
Haines Stuart T - - 2012
The use of vitamin D supplements to prevent and treat a wide range of illnesses has increased substantially over the last decade. Epidemiologic evidence links vitamin D deficiency to autoimmune disease, cancer, cardiovascular disease, depression, dementia, infectious diseases, musculoskeletal decline, and more. The Institute of Medicine published an exhaustive report ...
Brick Nerys - - 2012
To assess the effectiveness of noninvasive interventions.
Marner Lisbeth - - 2012
The communication among neurons is the prerequisite for the working brain. To understand the cellular, neurochemical, and structural basis of this communication, and the impacts of aging and disease on brain function, quantitative measures are necessary. This thesis evaluates several quantitative neurobiological methods with respect to possible bias and methodological ...
Martinez-Martin Pablo - - 2012
Caregivers of Parkinson's disease patients face responsibilities stemming from providing assistance to a person, usually a family member, who suffers a progressively disabling disease characterized by both motor and nonmotor symptoms. These circumstances impact on the physical, emotional and psychosocial aspects of the caregivers' lives and, therefore, on their quality ...
Post A E - - 2012
Selective precipitation is a common method for the isolation of β-casein, using the different calcium sensitivities of the individual caseins and the selective solubility of β-casein at a low temperature. In previous studies, it has been indicated that the β-casein yield depends on the physicochemical characteristics of the casein raw ...
Stevenson J S - - 2012
The objective of this research was to increase the proportion of cows with at least 1 functional corpus luteum (CL) and elevated progesterone at the onset of the timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol. Postpartum Holstein cows in one herd were stratified by lactation number at calving (September 2009 through August ...
Börner V - - 2012
The availability of different single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chips and the development of imputation algorithms allow for multistage dairy cattle breeding schemes applying various genomic selection strategies. These SNP genotypes yield genomically estimated breeding values (GEBV) with different accuracies at different costs. Thus, the optimum allocation of investments to different ...
Saghir Muhammad Rashad - - 2012
Medicinal plants play a key role in preventing various diseases. Hyperlipidemia is a major contributor to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of aqueous extract of Carum carvi seeds in diet induced hyperlipidemia in rats. 2% cholesterol diet were given ...
- - 2012
Faced with a high rate of unemployment and an increase in uninsured patients, Lee Memorial Health system in Ft. Myers, FL sponsored a community-wide effort to provide health care options for unfunded patients. Triage Center provides post-acute medical care for the homeless. Salvation Army operates 10-bed respite unit that provides ...
Naeem A - - 2012
We evaluated expression of 50 genes encoding enzymes involved in metabolism, cellular growth, and various transporters in ruminal epithelium tissue when calves were fed conventional milk replacer (MR) and starter (control) or enhanced MR and enhanced starter. Male Holstein calves were fed reconstituted control MR [20% crude protein (CP), 20% ...
Mohammadi Jamshid - - 2012
Phytotherapy has been achieved to maintain glycemic control in patients with diabetes mellitus. The present study was conducted to evaluate the antihyperglycemic properties of the Juglans regia leaf extract in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced diabetic rats. Nicotinamide was injected intraperitonealy (i.p.) 15 min before the injection of Streptozotocin (i.p.). One week after ...
Hoshino Yuichi - - 2012
Japan has already rushed in the Super-aged society, and up to 5 million aged people presumably are under the support-demanding condition. In 2007, Japanese Orthopedic Association advocated the new concept "Locomotive Syndrome" in order to make all the nation people realize an importance of locomotive organ. "Locomo Index 25" is ...
Dubuc J - - 2012
The objectives were to identify risk factors for and to quantify the effect of postpartum anovulation on reproductive performance in dairy cows. Data from 2,178 Holstein cows in 6 commercial herds enrolled in a randomized clinical trial were used. Data on periparturient disease incidence, calving history, and body condition score ...
Kaliamoorthy Kousalya - - 2012
To evaluate the drug utilization of third generation cephalosporins using core drug use indicators in various wards of Sri Ramachandra Hospital. Third generation cephalosporins are the most commonly prescribed broad spectrum antibiotic even before the culture sensitivity results arrives. Hence this study was undertaken to study the drug utilization evaluation ...
Khalid Shamaila - - 2012
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) affects not only the hematological parameters but also disturb the oxidative balance of body. In pregnancy, this is much more considerable as oxidative stress is considered to be one of the physiological changes during this period. This study aims to observe the effect of daily iron ...
Byrne Robert A - - 2012
Evaluation of: Stefanini GG, Kalesan B, Serruys PW et al. Long-term clinical outcomes of biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stents versus durable polymer sirolimus-eluting stents in patients with coronary artery disease (LEADERS): 4 year follow-up of a randomised non-inferiority trial. Lancet 378(9807), 1940-1948 (2011). Biodegradable polymer-coated drug-eluting stents (DESs) represent an attractive ...
Wang J - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to screen probiotic characteristics of lactobacilli isolated from traditionally homemade koumiss products in Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia of China, and to determine and compare the effect of the Lactobacillus strains in vivo on lipid metabolism in rats fed with a high-lipid diet. Three out ...
Visker M H P W - - 2012
Capillary zone electrophoresis of 1,948 Holstein-Friesian cows suggested the presence of an unknown protein variant of α-lactalbumin (α-LA) in the milk of 1 cow. Sequencing genomic DNA of this cow showed a polymorphism in the α-LA gene (LAA) that appears to be responsible for this protein variant. This single nucleotide ...
Wang Tianshan - - 2012
Nine known compounds were firstly isolated from the chloroform extract of Polyalthia rumphii stem by anticancer activity guidance, and the chemical structures were identified by using spectroscopic and physico-chemical analysis. Cytotoxic evaluation against four cancer cell lines was performed on all these compounds, which showed that K562 could be significantly ...
Yamamoto Noriaki - - 2012
Musculoskeletal ambulation disorder symptom complex is the new concept of musculoskeletal disorders with disability in walking and balance, which lead to the high risk of fall and lower activity in elderly. Locomotive syndrome is another concept to aware of healthy locomotive organ for early prevention of orthopedic disease.
Cho J - - 2012
Johne's disease, or paratuberculosis, is a chronic infectious enteric disease of ruminants, caused by infection with Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Given the absence of a fail-safe method of prevention or a cure, Johne's disease can inflict significant economic loss on the US dairy industry, with an estimated annual cost ...
Roques Bernard P - - 2012
Chronic pain remains unsatisfactorily treated, and few novel painkillers have reached the market in the past century. Increasing the levels of the main endogenous opioid peptides - enkephalins - by inhibiting their two inactivating ectopeptidases, neprilysin and aminopeptidase N, has analgesic effects in various models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. ...
Mota Licia Maria Henrique da - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To elaborate recommendations for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in Brazil. METHOD: Literature review with articles' selection based on evidence and the expert opinion of the Rheumatoid Arthritis Committee of the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: 1) The therapeutic decision should be shared with the patient; 2) ...
Shen Steven S - - 2012
Context.-With the refinement of molecular and histologic classifications of renal neoplasms and the availability of more-effective molecular targeted therapy for specific renal neoplasms, immunohistochemical techniques will play an increasingly important role in the diagnosis of renal neoplasm. During the past few decades, many markers have been evaluated for their role ...
Stumpfe Dagmar - - 2012
Virtual screening (VS) methods are applied in both academia and drug discovery, and can be divided into ligand- and target structure-based approaches. The VS field is still evolving and is characterized by scientific heterogeneity. The value of virtual compound screening for drug discovery is often debated, in particular, given the ...
Ogura Tadatoshi - - 2012
Movie presentation can act as an enrichment technique for nonhuman primates, who also show preferences for certain contents. This study investigated the video preferences and effects of movies on behavioral abnormalities in single-caged Japanese macaques. When movie rewards were provided for subjects' touch responses, the subjects maintained the touch responses ...
Li P - - 2012
Dairy cows are highly susceptible to ketosis after parturition. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of fatty acid β-oxidation-related enzymes in the liver of ketotic (n=6) and nonketotic (n=6) cows. Serum levels of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), and glucose were determined by using standard biochemical techniques. ...
Gudmundsson Bjarni - - 2012
A 79 year old farmer was referred to the University Hospital with a three days history of difficulty in opening his mouth. On examination, both masseters were seen to be stiff, suggesting tetanus or jaw-subluxation. An attempt to reduce the joint was made, but failed. He subsequently developed progressive respiratory ...
Rodrigues Ascedio Jose - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a form of systemic vasculitis that involves primarily the upper and lower airways and the kidneys. The most frequent airway manifestations include subglottic stenosis and inflammation, and tracheal and bronchial stenoses. The endoscopic visualization of the airways is the best tool for assessing, diagnosing and ...
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