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Brimo Fadi - - 2012
Context.-Several common differential diagnoses are encountered in urologic pathology, frequently causing patient referrals for a second opinion. Objectives.-To review 3 common differential diagnoses encountered in a large consultation service in genitourinary pathology, including partial atrophy versus prostatic acinar adenocarcinoma, oncocytoma versus chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, and urothelial carcinoma in situ ...
Pluk A - - 2012
This paper describes a synchronized measurement system combining image and pressure data to automatically record the angle of the metacarpus and metatarsus bones of the cow with respect to a vertical line, which is useful for lameness detection in dairy cattle. A camera system was developed to record the posture ...
Carvalho Simone Manso de - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical characteristics and outcome of a rheumatic fever case-series from a referral hospital over the last 20 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients under the age of 18 years, diagnosed with rheumatic fever between 1986 and 2007 were retrospectively assessed to estimate the carditis and relapse rates, ...
Gomez A - - 2012
Bovine digital dermatitis (DD), also known as papillomatous digital dermatitis (foot warts), has been recognized as a major cause of lameness in cattle, with important economic and welfare consequences. The evaluation of therapeutic and preventive interventions aiming to control DD infections in dairy cattle is often challenged by the complex ...
Haq Rizwanual - - 2012
Bactrocera dorsalis and Bactrocera zonata were studied under the effect of lead acetate for 48 hours exposure at larval stages. Since, lead is widely distributed industrial pollutant in the world. It is significant environmental pollutant which contaminates foods, water, soil and air and insect could get easily the influence of ...
Selkirk Murray E - - 2012
SUMMARYDespite the utility of RNAi for defining gene function in Caenorhabditis elegans and early successes reported in parasitic nematodes, RNAi has proven to be stubbornly inconsistent or ineffective in the animal parasitic nematodes examined to date. Here, we summarise some of our experiences with RNAi in parasitic nematodes affecting animals ...
Robinson Brian - - 2012
Context.-Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) is a distinct clinicopathologic entity, characterized by an expansile proliferation of secretory cells within prostatic ducts and acini that demonstrate marked architectural and cytologic atypia. Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate is strongly associated with high-grade and high-volume, invasive prostate cancer and a poorer prognosis ...
McLaughlin Laura - - 2012
Taste dysfunction is a significant but underestimated issue for patients with cancer. Impaired taste results in changes in diet and appetite, early satiety, and impaired social interactions. Nurses can play a key role in educating patients and families on the pathophysiology of taste dysfunction by suggesting interventions to treat the ...
Gorlén Thomas - - 2012
Most terminally ill patients prefer to die at home, and the general practitioner (GP) is central in making this possible. However, knowledge is needed about the GP's level of confidence in assuming this task and with subcutaneous (SC) administration of medicine in end-of-life care. The aim of this study was ...
Meredith Fiona - - 2012
Evaluation of: Schaarschmidt ML, Schmieder A, Umar N et al. Patient preferences for psoriasis treatments. Process characteristics can outweigh outcome attributes. Arch. Dermatol. 147(11), 1285-1294 (2011). In a recent paper by Schaarschmidt et al., patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis completed a conjoint analysis survey (discrete choice experiment) to determine which factors ...
Abecia L - - 2012
Several technologies have been tested to reduce enteric methanogenesis, but very few have been successfully used in practical conditions for livestock. Furthermore, the consequences of reduced rumen methane production on animal performance and milk quality are poorly understood. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of feeding ...
Gao Yuan - - 2012
A simple, rapid, specific and precise reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for simultaneous estimation of triacetin, acetic ether, butyl acetate and amorolfine in marketed pharmaceutical liniment. Chromatographic separation was performed on a Shimadzu VP-ODS C(18) column using the mixture of citric acid-hydrochloric acid-sodium hydrate buffer (pH 3.0), acetonitrile ...
- - 2012
The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics in Iowa City, has developed strategies to identify uninsured patients early in the stay, and help them access ongoing care in the community. Twelve healthcare benefit assistance program social workers educate patients and families about financial options and help them apply for government-sponsored ...
Gooding Margaret A - - 2012
Cats exposed to novel environments initiate stress responses by behavioral and physiological changes that modify metabolism and lead to the collection of unreliable data. Fourteen cats (10 ± 2 months) were subjected to an 11-week acclimation procedure to adapt to restriction within chambers used for indirect calorimetry studies. Cats were ...
Thorup V M - - 2012
Precise energy balance estimates for individual cows are of great importance to monitor health, reproduction, and feed management. Energy balance is usually calculated as energy input minus output (EB(inout)), requiring measurements of feed intake and energy output sources (milk, maintenance, activity, growth, and pregnancy). Except for milk yield, direct measurements ...
Dobrian Anca D - - 2012
Chronic kidney disease is associated with increased levels of assymetric N(G),N(G)-dimethylarginine (ADMA), which is predictive of increased mortality and cardiovascular disease. ADMA induces endothelial dysfunction through competitive inhibition of the endothelial nitric oxide (eNOS) substrate L-arginine. Kajimoto et al. show that ADMA may also reduce nitric oxide production via decreased ...
Nicholas Barbara - - 2012
Just a word of congratulations for your article, "Autoethnography: Ref lective Journaling and Meditation to Cope With Life-Threatening Breast Cancer" (Sealy, 2012), published in the Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing. I so appreciated the piece. Truly, I felt a great calm after reading, a tribute to your ability to write ...
Tan W S - - 2012
Flavor development in ripening Cheddar cheese depends on complex microbial and biochemical processes that are difficult to study in natural cheese. Thus, our group has developed Cheddar cheese extract (CCE) as a model system to study these processes. In previous work, we found that CCE supported growth of Lactobacillus casei, ...
Taylor Lee - - 2012
Heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) is expressed in response to stress and has been demonstrated to follow a diurnal expression pattern within monocytes and is sensitive to changes in core temperature. Numerous studies have shown changes in HSP72 expression within cell lines exposed to hyperbaric conditions. No studies have investigated ...
Gardner Heidi K - - 2012
All teams would like to think they do their best work when the stakes are highest-when the company's future or their own rests on the outcome of their projects. But too often something else happens. In extensive studies of teams at professional service firms, Harvard Business School's Gardner has seen ...
Barbosa Vitalina de Souza - - 2012
In recent years, mediators synthesized in the adipose tissue, the so-called adipokines, have been described. They have a hormonal action, regulating appetite and glucose metabolism, but also act as cytokines with effects on the immune system, including effects on autoimmunity. The most important adipokines are leptin, adiponectin, resistin and visfatin, ...
Göbel Uta - - 2012
The one-day meeting on Synthetic DNA (January 24, 2012) organized by and held at the DECHEMA in Frankfurt attracted about 100 participants from academia and industry interested in synthesizing DNA and its applications in synthetic biology. In recent years the cost for synthetic DNA reduced from 7€/bp to 0.35€/bp which ...
Walker W L - - 2012
The utilization of farming operations specializing in rearing dairy heifer calves has increased since the early 1990s. However, these operations have not been as well characterized as US dairy operations with respect to demographic and health-related measures, particularly during the preweaning period. The objective of this study was to characterize ...
Vogelmeier Claus - - 2012
Abstract AZD9668 is a fully reversible, selective, oral inhibitor of neutrophil elastase, a protease implicated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Efficacy, safety and tolerability of AZD9668 (5, 20 and 60 mg bid) were compared with placebo in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week, Phase IIb trial (NCT00949975: approved by an ...
Kelvin Joanne Frankel - - 2012
A key concern for young patients with cancer and survivors is the desire to parent a child. With infertility being a well-established long-term effect of many oncologic regimens, patients who want to have children often become distressed when faced with the possibility of losing their fertility. Several organizations have recommended ...
Hejselbaek Julie - - 2012
Hypertonic saline (HS) was introduced in our physician-based mobile emergency care unit (MECU) in September 2006 for patients with severe traumatic brain injury and hypotension. HS has, however, rarely been used and we sought to identify barriers to its implementation. We conducted a survey based on a questionnaire administered to ...
Demuro Carla J - - 2012
The cognitive interview, with a focus on debriefing methods, was developed in the 1980s to identify sources of potential response error in surveys or questionnaires. With the release of the final US FDA guidance, titled 'Patient-Reported Outcome Measures: Use in Medical Product Development to Support Labeling Claims', cognitive interviews have ...
Wickenden A - - 2012
Ion channels are targets of many therapeutically useful agents, and worldwide sales of ion channel-targeted drugs are estimated to be approximately US$12 billion. Nevertheless, considering that over 400 genes encoding ion channel subunits have been identified, ion channels remain significantly under-exploited as therapeutic targets. This is at least partly due ...
Lynch J P - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of inoculating 3 contrasting lactic acid bacteria on the fermentation profile, estimated nutritive value, and aerobic stability of corn ears and stover produced under marginal growing conditions. Ears and stover were separated from whole-crop corn plants obtained from 3 replicate ...
Papachristou Evangelos - - 2012
The arteriovenous fistula is the preferred vascular access for hemodialysis patients because of its low complication rate and lower costs, but it still has unacceptable failure rates. Krishnamoorthy et al. implicate the geometry of the fistula in the temporal and spatial variations occurring in two of the most important parameters ...
Sakai Yoshihito - - 2012
Lumbar canal stenosis most commonly affects the elderly population by entrapment of the cauda equine roots surrounding the spinal canal often associated with pain in the back and lower extremities, difficulty ambulating. The locomotive syndrome refers to high-risk conditions under requiring care services, and lumbar canal stenosis is an important ...
Wu Horng-Shiuann - - 2012
The strong and potentially reciprocal relationship between cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and disrupted sleep-wake patterns suggests a possible shared physiologic pathway. A growing body of evidence supports this and shows that abnormalities in the 24-hour rhythm of stress-related hormones may be related to chronic fatigue and sleep disturbances. Aberrations in the ...
Rahman M M - - 2012
Connection between mastitis and fertility is multifaceted; therefore, several aspects need more elucidation. In particular, the aim was to investigate if naturally occurring chronic mastitis has an effect on ovarian function. At the time of slaughter, a milk sample and both ovaries were collected from 68 cows. The presence and ...
- - 2012
Streptomycetes are well known to have a very versatile secondary metabolism, producing not only 80% of antibiotics used but also a variety of siderophores, plant hormones or biocontrol agents. The filamentous growth of the Gram-positive bacteria leads to colony morphologies resembling those of fungi. (Foto: Götz Haferburg, Jena, Germany).
Tauseef Isfahan - - 2012
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects more than 350 million people worldwide and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries like Pakistan. Lamivudine has potential to inhibit hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication but long term lamivudine treatment results in mutations in YMDD region of HBV, making this ...
Vogel Thomas - - 2012
The primary objective of organ preservation is to deliver a viable graft with minimal risk of impaired postoperative graft function. In current clinical practice, preservation of transplanted organs is based on hypothermia. Organs are flushed and stored using specific preservation solutions to reduce cellular metabolism and prevent cell swelling. However, ...
Capranzano Piera - - 2012
The combination of unfractionated heparin (UFH) plus glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) has been a frequently used anti-thrombotic treatment strategy for acute coronary syndrome patients, including those with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the ischemic benefit of the UFH plus GPI combination came at the expense ...
Gernand E - - 2012
Test-day records for protein yield, protein percent, fat percent and somatic cell score combined with diagnoses for health traits from 19,870 Holstein cows kept in 9 large-scale contract herds in the region of Thuringia, Germany, were used to infer genetic parameters. From an electronic database system for recording diagnoses, 15 ...
Abdulkarim Muthanna Fawzy - - 2012
The surface activity of some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents like ibuprofen was investigated extensively. This fact has attracted the researchers to extend this behavior to other agents like piroxicam. Piroxicam molecules are expected to orient at the interface of oil and aqueous phase. The aim of this study was, firstly, to ...
Okuro Masashi - - 2012
Frailty is an extremely common and serious health problem in the elderly. Frailty has been described as "a biologic syndrome of decreased reserve and resistance to stressors, resulting from cumulative declines across multiple physiologic systems and causing vulnerability to adverse health outcomes" by Fried and colleagues. Frailty is associated with ...
Quirk T - - 2012
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are the most common pathogens associated with intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cows. We hypothesized that postmilking teat disinfection would reduce microbial colonization of the teat canal and thus reduce the prevalence of IMI caused by certain CNS species. The efficacy of iodine postmilking teat dip was ...
Adesina Ayinde Buniyamin - - 2012
Using steam distillation method, the volatile oils of Eucalyptus citriodora and Callistemon citrinus were obtained and their chromatographic profiles examined in hexane: ethylacetate (4:1; 7:3) and hexane-chloroform (7:3). The effects of the volatile oils on acetylcholine (Ach) induced contraction of the rat isolated ileum were investigated based on the ethnomedicinal ...
Dalleck Lance C - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to test the utility of the verification testing procedure in confirming "true" VO(2)max in older adults completing maximal cycle ergometry. Eighteen physically active men and women (age = 59.7 ± 6.3 yr, ht = 173.0 ± 8.8 cm, body mass = 83.2 ± ...
Kato Kinshi - - 2012
The patients with lumbar spinal stenosis do not automatically deteriorate and will remain unchanged or even improved by conservative treatment. Spine surgeries for the patients with lumbar spinal stenosis have markedly increased as its increasing need, and these surgeries have been believed to improve the quality of life. The purpose ...
Hinz K - - 2012
Mastitis is a major disease in dairy cattle, which causes significant economic losses due to decreased milk production, veterinary costs, and discarded milk. Escherichia coli is one of the most prevalent species of gram-negative bacteria that induce clinical mastitis. The objective of the present study was to characterize the proteolytic ...
Oliveira L - - 2012
Antimicrobials are often used for treatment of bovine mastitis and the possibility of selection for resistant bacteria must be considered. The objectives of this study were to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration of Staphylococcus aureus recovered from cases of clinical and subclinical bovine mastitis, and to determine the prevalence of ...
Abrams Steven A - - 2012
The importance of vitamin D for ensuring the health of children has long been understood. Over time, however, dietary recommendations for vitamin D intake have varied, with some eras seeing higher levels recommended and some lower. Remarkably, the current recommendations from the Institute of Medicine are not much different from ...
Barnett Chad M - - 2012
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a signaling kinase of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (also known as Akt) signaling pathway that mediates cell growth and metabolism. Dysregulation of the mTOR pathway creates a favorable environment for the development and progression of many cancers, including breast cancer, and is ...
Rosa Dário Júnior de Freitas - - 2012
Erythema elevatum diutinum is a chronic and rare cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis, characterized by red, purple and yellow papules, plaques and nodules, distributed symmetrically on the extensor surfaces of the limbs. It is associated with several autoimmune, neoplastic and infectious processes, mainly hematological malignancies in about 30% of the cases. Joint ...
Ye Huihui - - 2012
Context.-Although relatively rare, testicular cancer is the most common solid organ malignancy in young men and remains a leading cause of cancer death in this population. Different types of testicular tumors are treated differently, with an overall very high cure rate with proper management. Pathologists must, therefore, be familiar with ...
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