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Bladen John C - - 2012
Platinum chains are thinner than gold weights (GWs) and may confer a better eyelid curvature profile with reduced visibility. Outcomes compared eyelid measurements, cosmesis, and complications. Forty-two primary GW and 17 primary platinum chain insertions were identified and subsequently matched for laterality, pathology, and weight of implant. Twenty-two patients were ...
Pinto Antonio - - 2012
Postpartum hemorrhage is among the most common causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Postpartum hemorrhage is defined as a blood loss of greater than 500 mL or any amount that, if not replaced, could cause shock or death in the mother. The most common cause of postpartum hemorrhage is uterine ...
Vigo Rodolfo L - - 2012
To report the authors' experience using a regular crochet hook for removing blue periocular eyelid veins. This article describes a new surgical procedure. Twenty-one procedures were performed in 15 patients who underwent removal of blue periocular lower eyelid veins with the implementation of a regular crochet hook. There was no ...
Lambrechts Diether D Vesalius Research Center, VIB, KU Leuven, Leuven, - - 2012
A recent two-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified five novel breast cancer susceptibility loci on chromosomes 9, 10, and 11. To provide more reliable estimates of the relative risk associated with these loci and investigate possible heterogeneity by subtype of breast cancer, we genotyped the variants rs2380205, rs1011970, rs704010, rs614367, ...
Tang Manshu M Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2012
Galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT) catalyzes the conversion of galactose-1-phosphate to UDP-galactose, a key step in the galactose metabolism. Deficiency of GALT activity in humans caused by deleterious variations in the GALT gene can cause a potentially lethal disease called classic galactosemia. In this study, we selected 14 novel nucleotide sequence changes ...
Nicholson Daniel A DA Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2012
The actin cytoskeleton in dendritic spines is organized into microdomains, but how signaling molecules that regulate actin are spatially governed is incompletely understood. Here we examine how the localization of the RacGEF kalirin-7, a well-characterized regulator of actin in spines, varies as a function of post-synaptic density area and spine ...
Skodol Andrew E - - 2012
A substantive revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) last occurred in 1994; therefore, the mental health field should anticipate significant changes to the classification of mental disorders in the fifth edition. Since DSM-5 Work Groups have recently proposed revisions for the major diagnostic classes of ...
Morgan Marc A J MA Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. - - 2012
Purkinje cell protein 4-like 1 (Pcp4l1) is a small neuronal IQ motif protein closely related to the calmodulin-binding protein Pcp4/PEP-19. PEP-19 interacts with calmodulin via its IQ motif to inhibit calmodulin-dependent enzymes and we hypothesized Pcp4l1 would have similar properties. Surprisingly, full-length Pcp4l1 does not interact with calmodulin in yeast ...
Bornstein Robert F - - 2012
Contrary to clinical lore, a dependent personality style is associated with active as well as passive behavior and may be adaptive in certain contexts (e.g., in fostering compliance with medical and psychotherapeutic treatment regimens). The cognitive/interactionist model conceptualizes dependency-related responding in terms of four components: (a) motivational (a marked need ...
Dai Chunhui C Department of Chemistry, Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, - - 2012
Friedel-Crafts amidoalkylation was achieved by oxidation of dialkylamides using persulfate (S(2)O(8)(2-)) in the presence of the visible light catalyst, Ru(bpy)(3)Cl(2), at room temperature, via a reactive N-acyliminium intermediate. Alternatively, mild heating of the dialkylamides and persulfate afforded a metal and Lewis acid-free Friedel-Crafts amidoalkylation. Alcohols and electron-rich arenes served as ...
Janssen Nicole - - 2012
CHD7 is a member of the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding (CHD) protein family that plays a role in transcription regulation by chromatin remodeling. Loss-of-function mutations in CHD7 are known to cause CHARGE syndrome, an autosomal-dominant malformation syndrome in which several organ systems, for example, the central nervous system, eye, ear, nose, ...
Koissi Niangoran N Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland-Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, United - - 2012
1,4-Dioxan-2-one, 1, was synthesized, and the equilibrium constant between it and the hydrolysis product 2-(2-hydroxyethoxy) acetic acid, 2, was determined as K(O) = 70 ± 4 in acidic aqueous media, 25 °C, ionic strength 1 M (KCl), and 5% by volume acetonitrile. The carboxylic acid dissociation constant of 2 was ...
Kumar Sandeep - - 2012
Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases activate specific amino acid substrates and attach them via an ester linkage to cognate tRNA molecules. In addition to cognate proline, prolyl-tRNA synthetase (ProRS) can activate cysteine and alanine and misacylate tRNA(Pro). Editing of the misacylated aminoacyl-tRNA is required for error-free protein synthesis. An editing domain (INS) appended ...
Brown Christopher D CD Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, - - 2012
Naturally occurring carbohydrate polymers are ubiquitous. They are assembled by polymerizing glycosyltransferases, which can generate polysaccharide products with repeating sequence patterns. The fidelity of enzymes of this class is unknown. We report a method for testing the fidelity of carbohydrate polymerase pattern deposition: we synthesized fluorosugar donors and used them ...
Jiang Min - - 2012
Cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) is often dysregulated in cancer cells and is an attractive cancer drug target. Previously, we described naphthol AS-E (1) as a small molecule inhibitor of CREB-mediated gene transcription. To understand its bioactive conformation, a series of conformationally constrained analogues of 1 were designed ...
Haque Farzin F Nanobiotechnology Center, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, United - - 2012
A highly sensitive and reliable method to sense and identify a single chemical at extremely low concentrations and high contamination is important for environmental surveillance, homeland security, athlete drug monitoring, toxin/drug screening, and earlier disease diagnosis. This article reports a method for precise detection of single chemicals. The hub of ...
Yan Hao - - 2012
While compressed sensing (CS)-based algorithms have been developed for the low-dose cone beam CT (CBCT) reconstruction, a clear understanding of the relationship between the image quality and imaging dose at low-dose levels is needed. In this paper, we qualitatively investigate this subject in a comprehensive manner with extensive experimental and ...
Xu Ying Y KAUST Global Collaborative Research, Division of Life Science, School of Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, - - 2012
The anti-neoplastic agent didemnin B from the Caribbean tunicate Trididemnum solidum was the first marine drug to be clinically tested in humans. Because of its limited supply and its complex cyclic depsipeptide structure, considerable challenges were encountered during didemnin B's development that continue to limit aplidine (dehydrodidemnin B), which is ...
Aleiwi Bilal A BA Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 881 Madison, Memphis, Tennessee 38163-0001, - - 2012
One of the key constituents of the muraymycins is the 6-membered cyclic guanidine, (2S,3S)-muraymycidine (or epi-capreomycidine). In order to diversify the structure of the oligopeptide moiety of the muraymycins for thorough structure-activity relationship studies, we have developed a highly stereoselective synthesis of ureidomuraymycidine derivatives with the lactone 4a.
Horowitz Eric D ED Gene Therapy Center, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2012
Viral capsid dynamics are often observed during infectious events such as cell surface attachment, entry and genome release. Structural analysis of adeno-associated virus (AAV), a helper-dependent parvovirus, revealed a cluster of surface-exposed tyrosine residues at the icosahedral two-fold symmetry axis. We exploited the latter observation to carry out selective oxidation ...
Chen Yulin Y Department of Chemistry, University of California-Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, - - 2012
Microarrays of RNA aptamers are fabricated in a one-step, multiplexed enzymatic synthesis on gold thin films in a microfluidic format and then employed in the detection of protein biomarkers with surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) measurements. Single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) oligonucleotides are transcribed on-chip from double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) templates attached to ...
Sakai Yoshihito - - 2012
Lumbar canal stenosis most commonly affects the elderly population by entrapment of the cauda equine roots surrounding the spinal canal often associated with pain in the back and lower extremities, difficulty ambulating. The locomotive syndrome refers to high-risk conditions under requiring care services, and lumbar canal stenosis is an important ...
Wu Horng-Shiuann - - 2012
The strong and potentially reciprocal relationship between cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and disrupted sleep-wake patterns suggests a possible shared physiologic pathway. A growing body of evidence supports this and shows that abnormalities in the 24-hour rhythm of stress-related hormones may be related to chronic fatigue and sleep disturbances. Aberrations in the ...
Rahman M M - - 2012
Connection between mastitis and fertility is multifaceted; therefore, several aspects need more elucidation. In particular, the aim was to investigate if naturally occurring chronic mastitis has an effect on ovarian function. At the time of slaughter, a milk sample and both ovaries were collected from 68 cows. The presence and ...
- - 2012
Streptomycetes are well known to have a very versatile secondary metabolism, producing not only 80% of antibiotics used but also a variety of siderophores, plant hormones or biocontrol agents. The filamentous growth of the Gram-positive bacteria leads to colony morphologies resembling those of fungi. (Foto: Götz Haferburg, Jena, Germany).
Tauseef Isfahan - - 2012
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects more than 350 million people worldwide and is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries like Pakistan. Lamivudine has potential to inhibit hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication but long term lamivudine treatment results in mutations in YMDD region of HBV, making this ...
Reese Emily S ES School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2012
To estimate the cost-effectiveness of genotype-guided selection of antiplatelet therapy compared with selecting clopidogrel or prasugrel irrespective of genotype. Decision model based on event occurrence in the Trial to Assess Improvement in Therapeutic Outcomes by Optimizing Platelet Inhibition with Prasugrel-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TRITON-TIMI) 38. Simulated cohort of patients with ...
Vogel Thomas - - 2012
The primary objective of organ preservation is to deliver a viable graft with minimal risk of impaired postoperative graft function. In current clinical practice, preservation of transplanted organs is based on hypothermia. Organs are flushed and stored using specific preservation solutions to reduce cellular metabolism and prevent cell swelling. However, ...
Eltoum Isam A - - 2012
Context.-Little has been reported on changes in pancreatic pathology practice after implementation of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). Objectives.-We assessed the impact of EUS-FNA on cytologic diagnosis replacing histologic diagnosis for pancreatic disease and determined whether it fulfills Christensen criteria of a disruptive innovation effect. Design.-Pattern of utilization during 20 years, ...
- - 2012
Hospitals need to develop a detailed policy of when and how they'll provide post-acute financial assistance for uninsured or under-insured patients. The policy should allow staff to get real time decisions about what will be covered. Staff should apply the policy consistently to all patients in all situations. A policy ...
Giles Thomas D - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:198-205. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Under resting conditions the arterial vasculature exists in a vasoconstricted state referred to as vascular tone. Physiological dilatation in response to increased flow, a function of normal endothelium is necessary to maintain normal blood pressure. Endothelial dysfunction in vascular smooth muscle ...
Gordon Julian - - 2012
In the search for more powerful tools for diagnoses of endemic diseases in resource-limited settings, we have been analyzing technologies with potential applicability. Increasingly, the process focuses on readily accessible bodily fluids combined with increasingly powerful multiplex capabilities to unambiguously diagnose a condition without resorting to reliance on a sophisticated ...
Deguillaume L - - 2012
In contrast to endometritis, now diagnosed by cytological examination, the effect of endocervical inflammation on reproductive performance has been inadequately investigated. In this study, endocervical and endometrial cytological specimens were collected from 168 Holstein cows between 21 and 60 days in milk (DIM) to investigate the prevalence of endocervical inflammation ...
Price Peter M PM Department of Internal Medicine and Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA. - - 2012
Linkermann et al. provide the first evidence for a possible biochemical mechanism of necrotic kidney cell death associated with renal ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury. The mechanisms of several pathways resulting in programmed necrosis were recently elucidated and rely on receptor-interacting protein kinases 1 and 3. Using an inhibitor of one ...
Shang Chao - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding nucleotides that regulate mRNA stability and protein expression by imperfect base pairing with the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of target mRNAs. Many miRNAs have been documented to be aberrantly expressed in human cancers, but the role of miRNAs in endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC) remains poorly understood. ...
Alramadhan Elham - - 2012
Drugs used to treat anxiety have many negative side effects including addiction, depression, suicide, seizures, sexual dysfunction, headaches and more. Anxiolytic medications do not restore normal levels of neurotransmitters but instead manipulate the brain chemistry. For example, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) prevent the reuptake of serotonin from the synapse ...
Khan Haroon - - 2012
Mercury is harmless in an insoluble form, such as mercuric sulfide, but it is poisonous in soluble forms such as mercuric chloride or methylmercury. Mercury is a neurotoxin. Outbreaks of mercuric chloride poisonings have made it clear that adults, children, and developing fetuses are at risk from ingestion exposure to ...
Smyth Andrew - - 2012
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2012;14:216-221. ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The initial description of Page kidney, a form of renin-mediated hypertension, included athletes with renal subcapsular hematoma after flank trauma. Subsequently, nontraumatic etiologies were identified. In this study, the authors compare traumatic and nontraumatic causes of Page kidney. All cases with ...
Ahmad Mansoor - - 2012
Biological screening of Scrophularia nodosa crude extract and its fractions (hexane, chloroform, ethyl-acetate, n-butanol and aqueous) was carried out on phytotoxicity, cytotoxicity, antibacterial, antifungal and analgesic activities. Crude extract and its fractions produced 50-100% phytotoxicity at 1000μ/mL concentration whereas 25-77% phytotoxicity was observed at 10μ/mL concentration. The fractions exhibited significant ...
Bertolini Gladson Ricardo Flor - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of high-voltage cathodic current on pain from a sciatica experimental model. METHODS: A total of 16 male Wistar rats were submitted to the sciatica experimental model in the right hind paw. They were divided into sham group (GS) and group treated with cathodic current (GP-) ...
Shen Steven S - - 2012
Context.-With the refinement of molecular and histologic classifications of renal neoplasms and the availability of more-effective molecular targeted therapy for specific renal neoplasms, immunohistochemical techniques will play an increasingly important role in the diagnosis of renal neoplasm. During the past few decades, many markers have been evaluated for their role ...
Stumpfe Dagmar - - 2012
Virtual screening (VS) methods are applied in both academia and drug discovery, and can be divided into ligand- and target structure-based approaches. The VS field is still evolving and is characterized by scientific heterogeneity. The value of virtual compound screening for drug discovery is often debated, in particular, given the ...
Ogura Tadatoshi - - 2012
Movie presentation can act as an enrichment technique for nonhuman primates, who also show preferences for certain contents. This study investigated the video preferences and effects of movies on behavioral abnormalities in single-caged Japanese macaques. When movie rewards were provided for subjects' touch responses, the subjects maintained the touch responses ...
Li P - - 2012
Dairy cows are highly susceptible to ketosis after parturition. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of fatty acid β-oxidation-related enzymes in the liver of ketotic (n=6) and nonketotic (n=6) cows. Serum levels of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), and glucose were determined by using standard biochemical techniques. ...
Gudmundsson Bjarni - - 2012
A 79 year old farmer was referred to the University Hospital with a three days history of difficulty in opening his mouth. On examination, both masseters were seen to be stiff, suggesting tetanus or jaw-subluxation. An attempt to reduce the joint was made, but failed. He subsequently developed progressive respiratory ...
Rodrigues Ascedio Jose - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a form of systemic vasculitis that involves primarily the upper and lower airways and the kidneys. The most frequent airway manifestations include subglottic stenosis and inflammation, and tracheal and bronchial stenoses. The endoscopic visualization of the airways is the best tool for assessing, diagnosing and ...
Vogelmeier Claus - - 2012
Abstract AZD9668 is a fully reversible, selective, oral inhibitor of neutrophil elastase, a protease implicated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Efficacy, safety and tolerability of AZD9668 (5, 20 and 60 mg bid) were compared with placebo in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week, Phase IIb trial (NCT00949975: approved by an ...
Kelvin Joanne Frankel - - 2012
A key concern for young patients with cancer and survivors is the desire to parent a child. With infertility being a well-established long-term effect of many oncologic regimens, patients who want to have children often become distressed when faced with the possibility of losing their fertility. Several organizations have recommended ...
Hejselbaek Julie - - 2012
Hypertonic saline (HS) was introduced in our physician-based mobile emergency care unit (MECU) in September 2006 for patients with severe traumatic brain injury and hypotension. HS has, however, rarely been used and we sought to identify barriers to its implementation. We conducted a survey based on a questionnaire administered to ...
Demuro Carla J - - 2012
The cognitive interview, with a focus on debriefing methods, was developed in the 1980s to identify sources of potential response error in surveys or questionnaires. With the release of the final US FDA guidance, titled 'Patient-Reported Outcome Measures: Use in Medical Product Development to Support Labeling Claims', cognitive interviews have ...
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