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Cantón-Cortés David - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The present study examined the role of attributions of blame for child sexual abuse (CSA) in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The interactive effects of attribution of blame with characteristics of abuse on PTSD were studied. A sample of 151 female victims of CSA participated in the study. Self-blame ...
Swanson Eric E - - 2012
Evaluation of changes in breast shape, particularly "upper pole fullness," "breast projection," and "bottoming out," has been made difficult by the lack of an accepted definition of these entities and no standardized system for measurements and comparison. Three-dimensional imaging is impractical for most surgeons and limited in providing evidence-based assessments. ...
Adetona Olorunfemi - - 2012
Public transport vehicle drivers, especially in highly polluted or trafficked areas, are exposed to high levels of air pollutants. In this study, we assessed the influence of traffic on levels of hydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) in commercial bus drivers in Trujillo, Peru, by measuring the within-shift changes in the ...
Potera Carol - - 2012
Applying new study results can prevent unnecessary scans.
Lohani-Chase Rama - - 2012
Utilizing feminist film theory, critical reviews, and viewer responses, this article examines visual representations of transgressive sexuality in two diasporic Indian women's films: Kamasutra: A Tale of Love by Mira Nair, and Fire by Deepa Mehta. The article draws from research on ancient discourses on sexuality in India to argue ...
Gil-Bello D - - 2012
We report a case of histologically confirmed biliary hamartomatosis with calcifications studied by CT.
Navia J L - - 2012
The radial artery has become the artery of choice after the internal thoracic artery for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study compares wound healing and arm complications after endoscopic versus open radial artery harvesting for CABG. From January 2002 to July 2004, 509 patients underwent CABG in which a ...
Taylor Jesse A JA Department of Surgery, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia The University of Pennsylvania Colket Translational Research Building, 9th Floor Philadelphia, PA. 19104, USA. - - 2012
The treatment of multisuture syndromic craniosynostosis is in evolution, with an increasing prevalence of reports on posterior vault expansion with distraction osteogenesis over conventional osteotomy. The purported benefits of distraction osteogenesis include less perioperative morbidity. The authors conducted this preliminary study to compare the perioperative course in children undergoing posterior ...
Kalev Henriette Dahan - - 2012
Three fields of discourse regarding a masculine-like woman connect at a point that the queer field calls intersex, medical practice calls a sexual disorder, and rabbinic literature terms aylonit. The queer discursive field focuses on the freedom to choose an identity, but not the freedom from choosing one. The medical ...
Thorne Charles H CH Department of Plastic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine 812 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10021-2759, USA. - - 2012
After reviewing this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Evaluate patient's ears for needed adjustments to size, shape, prominence, and symmetry. 2. Identify common ear deformities and describe methods to repair them. 3. Avoid or manage common complications associated with otoplasty and ear reconstruction. The essentials of otoplasty ...
Sbitany Hani H University of Pennsylvania Health System 10 Penn Tower 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2012
Despite common superficial venous system dominance of the abdominal wall, the majority of transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM)/deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps drain adequately, due to communicating veins with the deep system. In cases where such connections are inadequate, it is necessary for the surgeon to correctly recognize resultant ...
Pfeifer Gail - - 2012
Restrictive laws and a lack of access to contraception are implicated.
Hunt Caralise W - - 2012
This pilot study was conducted to evaluate relationships among self-efficacy, social support, social problem solving, and diabetes self-management in people living with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Self-efficacy, social support, and social problem solving were significantly correlated with diabetes self-management. These relationships indicate the importance of including interventions to promote self-efficacy, ...
Deriu G - - 2012
Aim of the study was to evaluate a single center experience on hybrid treatment for thoracic aortic diseases, including aortic arch and ascending aorta endografting needing a total debranching from descending thoracic aorta and an antegrade endograft deployment from left ventricle. Between January 2004 and December 2010 48 patients underwent ...
Hain Debra J - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to report the results of a pilot study of the relationship between cognitive impairment and medication self-management errors in older adults discharged home from a community hospital. It is hoped that these preliminary data will provide some new ideas for reducing errors in medication ...
Larocque Alexandre - - 2012
Levamisole is a pharmaceutical with anthelminthic and immunomodulatory properties that was previously used in both animals and humans to treat inflammatory conditions and cancer. Levamisole has been identified as a cocaine adulterant in the United States since 2003. By 2009, the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) estimated that 69% ...
Bull M D - - 2012
A 69-year-old male was referred from the renal unit to radiology for investigation of bleeding per rectum. A CT mesenteric angiogram was performed. However, it was noted on the pre-contrast images that the large bowel contained positive oral contrast media. The procedure was abandoned as it would have been difficult ...
Lin Kant Y KY Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Box 800376, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. - - 2012
More women with breast cancer who either have already had radiation therapy or will be getting radiation therapy as part of their treatment protocol are now seeking implant-based breast reconstruction. The literature on the success of this type of reconstruction in the setting of radiation injury is mixed. A single ...
He Yan-Ling - - 2012
Objective: To assess the effects of meal timing on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitor vildagliptin in Japanese patients with Type 2 diabetes. Methods: In this open-label, single-center crossover study, 12 Japanese patients with Type 2 diabetes were randomized to twice-daily vildagliptin 50 mg, administered ...
Tayyari Farnoosh - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of human infections worldwide. There is currently no effective vaccine or antiviral therapy available for widespread clinical use; prophylaxis with anti-RSV antibodies is used in only a small percentage of potential recipients. New targets for effective RSV interventions are needed. Previous anti-RSV ...
Vromans Lyn - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The Multidimensional Loss Scale (MLS) represents the first instrument designed specifically to index Experience of Loss Events and Loss Distress across multiple domains (cultural, social, material, and intrapersonal) relevant to refugee settlement. Recently settled Burmese adult refugees (N = 70) completed a questionnaire battery, including MLS items. Analyses explored ...
Cha J G - - 2012
Intra-osseous haemangioma is a rare, benign neoplasm that usually involves the vertebrae and craniofacial bones. Furthermore, its occurrence in the long bones is extremely rare. We report the findings of fluorine-18-fludeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT and MRI in a patient with intra-osseous haemangioma in the proximal tibia, who was ...
Nikolaou K - - 2012
When reoperative cardiac surgery is indicated, detailed, three-dimensional imaging of the thorax permits accurate depiction of cardiac anatomy and vascular structures potentially increasing the safety of the surgical procedure. We sought to evaluate the contribution of dual-source multidetector-row computed tomography (DSCT) of the heart and thorax in planning repeated open ...
Chepla Kyle J KJ Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine 29017 Cedar Road, Cleveland, Ohio 44124, - - 2012
Although 92 percent of patients who undergo surgical decompression of the supraorbital nerve for treatment of frontal migraine headaches through resection of the glabellar muscle group achieve at least 50 percent improvement, only two-thirds demonstrate complete resolution of symptoms. The authors investigated the role of additional decompression methods by comparing ...
Setacci F - - 2012
Although several randomized trial and monocentric study reported good results EVAR of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), the long-term results of EVAR is still debated for the incidence of complication and the necessity of reintervention and or surgical conversion. The aim of the present study was to generate a score to ...
Kinoshita Kuni - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Whether a low body mass index (BMI) is directly associated with a high risk of suicidal ideation or self-harming behavior in adolescents is still inconclusive. This study has, therefore, evaluated the relevance of BMI to suicidal ideation and self-harming behavior after controlling for body weight perception (BWP) and other ...
Jayawardane Pradeepa - - 2012
Respiratory failure in acute organophosphate (OP) poisoning can occur early and also relatively late in the clinical course, and the pathophysiology of respiratory failure at these different phases may have important clinical implications. Objective. To compare the electrophysiological findings in patients with early and late respiratory failure following acute OP ...
Suter Melissa J - - 2012
There is ongoing interest in the emerging field of pulmonary photonic-based diagnostics. Potential clinical need areas that are being actively investigated at this time include airway and peripheral lung cancer diagnostics, pulmonary parenchymal and interstitial disorders, alveolar structure function, inhalation injury, ciliary function analysis, asthma and obstructive lung diseases.
Kasirajan K - - 2012
This article describes the modifications made to the TAG thoracic device (WL Gore, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) to better accommodate to anatomies seen in young trauma patients and patients with dissections. The device was initially approved and tested for degenerative thoracic aneurysms. The newer conformable-TAG (cTAG) is better able to accommodate ...
Kibler Valerie A - - 2012
A quality improvement project increases postoperative ambulation and decreases patient complications.
Ferraresi R - - 2012
The management of critical limb ischemia due to below-the-knee disease remains challenging due to the frequent patient comorbidities, diffuse vascular involvement, and high rates of restenosis and disease progression. The BASIL study has established the substantial equivalence between bypass surgery and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in this setting, at least at ...
van den Elzen Marijke E P - - 2012
ABSTRACT: It is of clinical interest to investigate the degree to which patients with facial disfigurement use defense styles. Therefore, 59 adults born with rare facial clefts, 59 patients with facial deformities acquired at an adult age, and a reference group of 141 adults without facial disfigurements completed standardized questionnaires. ...
Jackson Oksana A OA Division of Plastic Surgery, 9th Floor Colket Translational Research Building, 3501 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
The separation of conjoined twins presents a unique challenge to many pediatric surgical specialties. A multidisciplinary approach is essential for successful twin separation, and plastic surgeons are critical members of this surgical team when soft-tissue requirements preclude simple closure. In this article, the authors review multiple techniques available to plastic ...
Zhang Ming-Yu - - 2012
To assess the effect of puerarin, a natural flavonoid found in Chinese Pueraria Lobata (Wild.) Ohwi, on promotion of new bone formation. Osteoblasts isolated from calvarial of newborn rats were cultured in vitro in the presence of puerarin at various concentrations. The viability of osteoblasts and alkaline phosphotase activity and ...
Dorenkamp M - - 2012
A 73-year-old man with nonischemic cardiomyopathy underwent catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia that had resulted in frequent shocks from his implanted cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D). Coexisting atrial fibrillation required AV node ablation which rendered the patient pacemaker dependent. During follow-up, recurrent episodes of dizziness occurred caused by inhibition of ...
Wang Guqi - - 2012
Contemporary Western medicines approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), although available in China, have high costs, or major side effects and limited effectiveness. Research efforts have focused on looking for natural products as alternative medicines with low cost and ...
Dahl Gry T GT Department of Pediatrics, Oslo University Hospital, Ulleval, Oslo, - - 2012
A previously healthy boy was admitted with fever, tachycardia, dyspnea, and was vomiting. A blood test showed a severe metabolic acidosis with pH 7.08 and an anion gap of 36 mmol/L. His urine had an odor of acetone. The serum glucose was 5.6 mmol/L, and no glucosuria was found. Diabetic ...
Farhan S - - 2012
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is associated with high mortality even in the acute phase as well as in the post-acute (chronic) phase. Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM-2), on the other hand, further increases mortality after ACS. Several new antiplatelet and antithrombotic drugs available for clinical use have also been investigated in ...
Zhang Ding - - 2012
An experiment was conducted to invest effects of chronic cadmium poisoning on Zn, Cu, Fe, Ca, and metallothionein gene expression and protein synthesis in liver and kidney in rats. Forty rats, 6 weeks old, were randomly allocated into two groups. A group was given CdCl(2) (1 mg/KgCd(2+)) by intraperitoneal injection once a ...
Motiwala Shweta R - - 2012
Vitamin D deficiency is a common condition that has well-documented effects on musculoskeletal health. A growing body of literature has related vitamin D deficiency to other chronic disorders, including cardiovascular disease. Several plausible biological mechanisms have been postulated to explain this association, including the effect of poor vitamin D status ...
Zhu Wen-Lian - - 2012
To compare the regulatory effects of electro-acupuncture (EA) at acupoints Zusanli (ST36) and Hegu (LI4) on the visceral hyper-sensitivity in the rat model of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and to explore the acting targets and specialty of acupoints. Except 8 rats of the normal control group, the rest 32 rats ...
Steil V - - 2012
AIMS AND METHODS: Treatment techniques of increasing complexity such as dynamic/rotational techniques mandate digital management and increasingly image guidance. This constantly increases requirements for image management and archiving. This article discusses the current status of these requirements and will present potential image administration strategies. RESULTS: Fundamentals of image administration and ...
- - 2012
During 2001-2009, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) conducted four epidemiology capacity assessments (ECAs) in state and territorial public health departments in the United States. In October 2010, CSTE sent a follow-up, Internet-based questionnaire to the state epidemiologist in each of the 50 states and the District of ...
Cao Wei - - 2012
As one of the main water-soluble composites of Radix Salviae, salvianolic acid B is a phenolic acid ingredient of the Chinese drug, which is rich content in the herb and has strong pharmaceutical activity. It is used to treat cardiocerebral vascular diseases, antagonize hepatic/renal fibrosis, prevent cancer, and promote stem ...
- - 2012
Increasing the price of cigarettes reduces the demand for cigarettes, thereby reducing youth smoking initiation and cigarette consumption and decreasing the prevalence of cigarette use in the United States overall, particularly among youths and young adults. The most common way governments have increased the price of cigarettes is by increasing ...
Chan Qilin - - 2012
Our previous study found that high-molecular-weight selenium (Se) species make up 82% of the total Se in the bean of Se-enriched soybean plants (Chan et al. 2010, Metallomics, 2(2): p. 147-153). The Se species have been commonly seen in other plants in addition to soybean, but their identities remain unresolved. ...
Ren Lili - - 2012
Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are a global burden to public health and are frequently caused by respiratory viruses. Advances in molecular diagnostic techniques have allowed the identification of previously undetected viral pathogens and have improved our understanding of respiratory virus infections. Here we review the epidemiological and clinical characteristics ...
- - 2012
In March and April 2011, the Hillsborough County Health Department (HCHD) Epidemiology Department (Tampa, Florida) investigated three clusters of rash illness linked to the white-marked tussock moth caterpillar among persons at two child care centers and one elementary school. At least 23 children and one adult were affected; most had ...
Chen W-L - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a longevity-associated protein, which regulates energy metabolism and lifespan in response to nutrient deprivation. It has been proposed to be a therapeutic target for obesity and metabolic syndrome. We investigated whether α-lipoic acid (ALA) exerts a lipid-lowering effect through regulation of SIRT1 activation and production ...
Zhao Ying - - 2012
To explore the molecular mechanism of puerarin (Pue) in improving insulin resistance through observing its effect on the insulin resistance of 3T3-Li lipocyte induced by free fatty acid (FFA). 3T3-L1 preadipocyte was induced by a culture solution containing insulin, isobutyo-menthyl-xanthine, and dexamethasone to mature lipocyte, and it was divided into ...
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