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He Yan-Ling - - 2012
Objective: To assess the effects of meal timing on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitor vildagliptin in Japanese patients with Type 2 diabetes. Methods: In this open-label, single-center crossover study, 12 Japanese patients with Type 2 diabetes were randomized to twice-daily vildagliptin 50 mg, administered ...
Kalev Henriette Dahan - - 2012
Three fields of discourse regarding a masculine-like woman connect at a point that the queer field calls intersex, medical practice calls a sexual disorder, and rabbinic literature terms aylonit. The queer discursive field focuses on the freedom to choose an identity, but not the freedom from choosing one. The medical ...
Bae Kyung-Yeol - - 2012
Background. This study investigated the acute effects of ethanol and acetaldehyde on physiological responses in healthy men according to ALDH2 genotype by measuring them directly in human blood. Methods. Twenty-four men, 12 with the ALDH2*1/*1 genotype and 12 with the ALDH2*1/*2 genotype, were selected. In a double-blind placebo-controlled crossover design, ...
Wissgott C - - 2012
For the treatment of chronic lesions, various ablative procedures have been developed with the aim of improving the outcome of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA)/stent and/or reducing the length and number of implanted stents by removing stenotic or occlusive material. The objective of this study was to compare two mechanical rotational ...
Krüger Stefan - - 2012
A relevant problem in the management of pulmonary infections is the low specificity of clinical symptoms for the exact diagnosis and the need of antibiotic therapy. An ideal biomarker for bacterial pulmonary infections should allow a rapid diagnosis, have a prognostic value and facilitate therapeutic decision making. The two biomarkers ...
Bosiers M - - 2012
With subintimal recanalization, a channel is deliberately created by dissecting the vessel wall in order to replace the native occluded lumen. This is opposed to intraluminal recanalization, where passage of an arterial obstructive lesion is performed by central luminal navigation. Both intraluminal and subintimal treatment has its proponents and adversaries. ...
Haggerty Greg - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The Schwartz Outcome Scale-10 (SOS-10) is a 10-item self-report that measures quality of life and psychological well-being. It is easy to administer and score, and past research has revealed its utility, validity, and reliability with different samples (i.e., clinical and nonclinical) and in different clinical settings (i.e., inpatient, outpatient, ...
Lazzeri Davide - - 2012
Complications following facial cosmetic injections have recently heightened awareness of the possibility of iatrogenic blindness. The authors conducted a systematic review of the available literature to provide the best evidence for the prevention and treatment of this serious eye injury. The authors included in the study only the cases in ...
Nikolaou K - - 2012
When reoperative cardiac surgery is indicated, detailed, three-dimensional imaging of the thorax permits accurate depiction of cardiac anatomy and vascular structures potentially increasing the safety of the surgical procedure. We sought to evaluate the contribution of dual-source multidetector-row computed tomography (DSCT) of the heart and thorax in planning repeated open ...
Tayyari Farnoosh - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of human infections worldwide. There is currently no effective vaccine or antiviral therapy available for widespread clinical use; prophylaxis with anti-RSV antibodies is used in only a small percentage of potential recipients. New targets for effective RSV interventions are needed. Previous anti-RSV ...
Vromans Lyn - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The Multidimensional Loss Scale (MLS) represents the first instrument designed specifically to index Experience of Loss Events and Loss Distress across multiple domains (cultural, social, material, and intrapersonal) relevant to refugee settlement. Recently settled Burmese adult refugees (N = 70) completed a questionnaire battery, including MLS items. Analyses explored ...
Potera Carol - - 2012
Applying new study results can prevent unnecessary scans.
Lohani-Chase Rama - - 2012
Utilizing feminist film theory, critical reviews, and viewer responses, this article examines visual representations of transgressive sexuality in two diasporic Indian women's films: Kamasutra: A Tale of Love by Mira Nair, and Fire by Deepa Mehta. The article draws from research on ancient discourses on sexuality in India to argue ...
Navia J L - - 2012
The radial artery has become the artery of choice after the internal thoracic artery for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study compares wound healing and arm complications after endoscopic versus open radial artery harvesting for CABG. From January 2002 to July 2004, 509 patients underwent CABG in which a ...
Taylor Jesse A - - 2012
The treatment of multisuture syndromic craniosynostosis is in evolution, with an increasing prevalence of reports on posterior vault expansion with distraction osteogenesis over conventional osteotomy. The purported benefits of distraction osteogenesis include less perioperative morbidity. The authors conducted this preliminary study to compare the perioperative course in children undergoing posterior ...
Sigal Leonard H - - 2012
ABSTRACT: In physiological systems, for every "yang," there must be a "yin," for uncontrolled systems can run amok. This is the case for the T-cell compartment of the immune system, where activation must be modulated, dampened, and ultimately reversed; to not apply the brakes leads to dire consequences. In less ...
Kurajoh Masafumi - - 2012
Although hyperuricemia is suggested to increase allantoin production in both pro- and antioxidant manners, it remains undetermined whether it increases the serum concentration of allantoin. In addition, since uric acid has both pro- and antioxidant actions, a decrease in the serum concentration of uric acid may have an effect on ...
Rossi Antonio - - 2012
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. All drugs available for the treatment of lung cancer reached the market after reporting positive results from pivotal clinical studies. However, in these trials not all patient subgroups are adequately represented, with some discrepancies reported in patients' accrual especially concerning ...
Dellon A Lee - - 2012
: The sympathetic innervation of the hand was demonstrated using formaldehyde staining techniques in the 1990s and provides a basis for both medical (botulinum toxin type A) and surgical (sympathectomy) therapeutic approaches. This research investigates the sympathetic innervation of the human foot using tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry. : With institutional review ...
Kayser John W - - 2012
More than 1 million people in the United States use home oxygen therapy and its demand is growing. However, there are dangers associated with its use, such as burns and home fires, and smoking is the most common cause of these incidents. As a result, home healthcare nurses feel intense ...
Kniemeyer H W - - 2012
Spontaneous recanalization of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is rarely observed. Mainly case reports are published. Most often early recanalization occurs within days or weeks and only a few cases of late recanalization months or years after detected occlusion are reported. Symptomatic bilateral ICA occlusion is regarded as an acceptable ...
Losken Albert - - 2012
There is an ongoing debate about the reliability of various lower abdominal flaps for breast reconstruction. The authors evaluate in vivo perfusion of these flaps to objectively determine which techniques and which skin island zones had better perfusion. A prospective study was performed on 77 single-pedicle breast reconstructions [pedicled transverse ...
Oertel-Knöchel Viola - - 2012
ABSTRACT: This is the first study to combine psychometric and functional neuroimaging methods to study altered patterns of autobiographical memory in bipolar disorder (BD). All participants were interviewed with an expanded version of the Bielefelder Autobiographical Memory Inventory (Bielefelder Autobiographisches Gedächtnis Inventar 2004;Lisse: Swets and Zeitlinger). We then acquired functional ...
O╩╝donovan David A - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: The authors previously established an animal model of radiation-induced craniofacial bone growth inhibition and demonstrated the effectiveness of cytoprotection in preserving growth using amifostine, but the mechanism is unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the acute and long-term histopathologic effects of single-dose orthovoltage irradiation on craniofacial ...
Pelclova Daniela - - 2012
Context. Cobalt intoxication has become more frequent due to the wide use of metal hip implants. Case details. A 56-year-old male patient underwent total hip prosthesis, with a ceramics-on-ceramics implant. Almost 3 years later, it was replaced by metal implant containing cobalt, chromium, and titanium. He developed weight loss, heart, ...
Jaw Jen Erh - - 2012
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disorder that affects 300 million people worldwide and is responsible for 3 million deaths annually. Currently, there are no accepted biomarkers of COPD, which has impaired drug development and management of patients with COPD. Pneumoproteins, which are proteins synthesized predominantly in the ...
Donneys Alexis - - 2012
: Bone regeneration during distraction osteogenesis is intricately associated with an enhanced vascular response. Augmenting this response may offer considerable clinical advantages such as optimizing the quality of regenerate formation, decreasing lengthy consolidation periods, or increasing regenerate size and distance. Using deferoxamine, an angiogenic transcriptional activator, the authors posit that ...
Silverpil Elin - - 2012
Asthma is perceived as a heterogeneous disease with several clinical phenotypes and triggering factors. In general, cytokines from T-helper 2 cells are believed to be critical contributors of asthma. In recent years, IL-17, another T-helper lymphocyte-associated cytokine, has been put forward as another potentially important mediator of asthma. Currently, several ...
Lakin Gregory E - - 2012
The pathoetiology of craniosynostosis is not well understood. It likely results from a combination of genetic and epigenetic phenomena, such as intrauterine constraint from multiple gestations. Information on craniosynostosis in twins is limited to case reports and series. The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to ...
Vellante Marcello - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Unusual subjective experiences are relatively common in the general population and have been associated with an increased level of vulnerability to psychosis. The current study aimed to a) determine the distribution of hallucination-like experiences (HLEs) in a community sample of young adults, b) investigate their dimensional subtypes, and c) ...
Macsali Ferenc - - 2012
Gender differences in respiratory health have, in recent years, been the focus of considerable scientific effort. This paper reviews recent literature on respiratory health in women in relation to age at menarche, menstrual cycle, irregular menstruation, polycystic ovarian syndrome, menopause and exogenous sex hormones. This literature provides substantial evidence that ...
Van Den Berg J C - - 2012
In-stent restenosis after endovascular treatment of stenotic and occlusive disease of the infrainguinal arteries is still a clinical challenge. In this paper an overview of the current status of drug-eluting balloon technology and results of clinical trials with drug-eluting balloon angioplasty is given. Furthermore a case series of 10 patients ...
Cantón-Cortés David - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The present study examined the role of attributions of blame for child sexual abuse (CSA) in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The interactive effects of attribution of blame with characteristics of abuse on PTSD were studied. A sample of 151 female victims of CSA participated in the study. Self-blame ...
Swanson Eric - - 2012
Evaluation of changes in breast shape, particularly "upper pole fullness," "breast projection," and "bottoming out," has been made difficult by the lack of an accepted definition of these entities and no standardized system for measurements and comparison. Three-dimensional imaging is impractical for most surgeons and limited in providing evidence-based assessments. ...
Adetona Olorunfemi - - 2012
Public transport vehicle drivers, especially in highly polluted or trafficked areas, are exposed to high levels of air pollutants. In this study, we assessed the influence of traffic on levels of hydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) in commercial bus drivers in Trujillo, Peru, by measuring the within-shift changes in the ...
Carter David - - 2012
A reinvigorated campaign aims to eliminate non-medically indicated deliveries before 39 weeks.
Torsello G F - - 2012
The aim of the present article is to describe a new thoracic stent graft (Zenith TX2 Low-Profile TAA Endovascular Graft). Feasibility of endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms depends on several anatomic factors. A primary limitation is an adequate arterial approach. Since most currently used endografts require large introducer sheaths, ...
Rosenberg Karen - - 2012
Studies reveal improvements in risk management, adherence, and perceptions of care.
Maor Maya - - 2012
This article follows Charlotte Cooper's call to widen fat studies scholarship to contexts outside the United States, and Adrianne Hill's call to locate historically specific connections between lesbian communities and promotion of fat acceptance. Three in-depth interviews were conducted with Jewish-Israeli fat women. Through the development of their ability to ...
Young Judith S - - 2012
Home care and hospice clinicians are increasingly working with patients for whom English is not their primary language. Provision of culturally respectful and acceptable patient-centered care includes both an awareness of cultural beliefs that influence the patient's health and also the ability to provide the patient with health information in ...
Sbitany Hani - - 2012
Despite common superficial venous system dominance of the abdominal wall, the majority of transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM)/deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps drain adequately, due to communicating veins with the deep system. In cases where such connections are inadequate, it is necessary for the surgeon to correctly recognize resultant ...
Setacci F - - 2012
Although several randomized trial and monocentric study reported good results EVAR of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), the long-term results of EVAR is still debated for the incidence of complication and the necessity of reintervention and or surgical conversion. The aim of the present study was to generate a score to ...
Kinoshita Kuni - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Whether a low body mass index (BMI) is directly associated with a high risk of suicidal ideation or self-harming behavior in adolescents is still inconclusive. This study has, therefore, evaluated the relevance of BMI to suicidal ideation and self-harming behavior after controlling for body weight perception (BWP) and other ...
Jerome-D╩╝emilia Bonnie - - 2012
With shrinking charity care subsidies, who will care for those excluded from health care reform's benefits?
Shi Chunhua - - 2012
Penicillium chrysogenum clade 4, is a common mold on damp building materials. A capture ELISA assay for the major allergen from P. chrysogenum Pch52 has been developed and tested in house dust samples and potential cross-reactivity examined. Minimal cross-reactivity with other relevant indoor fungi was observed for the assay following ...
St Pierre Melissa - - 2012
Under what conditions do lesbians disclose their sexual orientation to primary healthcare providers? A review of the literature was undertaken to answer this question and to provide insight into the ways healthcare professionals can play an active role assisting their lesbian patients in "coming out." Thirty empirical studies met the ...
Dexter D - - 2012
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has rapidly become a viable and accepted treatment option for atherosclerotic aortic aneurysms as well as a variety of other aortic pathologies including ulcers, dissection, coarctation and disruption. Left subclavian artery (LSA) coverage is often necessary to achieve proximal seal in up to 40% of ...
Schiller Jeffrey D - - 2012
The techniques of lower blepharoplasty are evolving to reflect the concept that the lower eyelid contour does not stop at the inferior orbital rim, and that the lid-cheek junction must often be modified to restore the midface to a youthful configuration. Multiple procedures have been proposed to smooth the lid-cheek ...
Hadji Peyman - - 2012
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSF), are available for prevention of neutropenia and reduction of its complications in cytostatic chemotherapy. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the consumption rates for various G-CSF and to compare outpatient medication costs per patient and treatment cycle. Prescription data of statutory health insurance members ...
Luce Edward A - - 2012
SUMMARY:: The roots of the working hours mandate and controversy are outlined, the effect on resident education is described, and the service versus education equation is defined.
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