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Grimm Nathan L NL Department of Orthopaedics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2013
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) has been defined as a localized process in which a focus of subchondral bone and adjacent articular cartilage separates from the surrounding bone. With the knee being the most common location for OCD development and the propensity for this lesion to be found in those who participate ...
Belcher Justin M JM Program of Applied Translational Research, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06515, - - 2013
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and devastating complication in patients with cirrhosis. However, the definitions of AKI employed in studies involving patients with cirrhosis have not been standardized, lack sensitivity, and are often limited to narrow clinical settings. We conducted a multicenter, prospective observational cohort study of patients ...
de Vries Haitze J - - 2012
Most workers with chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain (CMP) do not take sick leave, nor consult a health care professional or search vocational rehabilitation. Yet, the knowledge of many researchers, clinicians and policy makers is largely based on people with CMP who discontinue work. The aim of this study was to ...
McGavigan Anne K AK Section of Investigative Medicine, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, - - 2012
Obesity is a major worldwide health problem. The treatment options are severely limited. The development of novel anti-obesity drugs is fraught with efficacy and safety issues. Consequently, several investigational anti-obesity drugs have failed to gain marketing approval in recent years. Anorectic gut hormones offer a potentially safe and viable option ...
Ravera Silvia S Department of Pharmacotherapy and Pharmaceutical Care, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, the - - 2012
To illustrate (i) the criteria and the development of the DRUID categorization system, (ii) the number of medicines that have currently been categorized, (iii) the added value of the DRUID categorization system and (iv) the next steps in the implementation of the DRUID system. The development of the DRUID categorization ...
van Hasselt J G Coen JG Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2012
Physiological changes during pregnancy may alter drug pharmacokinetics. Therefore, mechanistic understanding of these changes and, ultimately, clinical studies in pregnant women are necessary to determine if and how dosing regimens should be adjusted. Because of the typically limited number of patients who can be recruited in this patient group, efficient ...
Wymbs Brian T - - 2012
Youth with elevated conduct disorder (CD) symptoms who also have callous-unemotional (CU) traits exhibit more antisocial behavior than youth without CU traits. However, evidence regarding whether CU traits increase risk of substance use over and above CD symptoms, and whether these associations differ for boys and girls, is scarce. Using ...
Wang Zhe Z Department of Comparative Pathobiology, Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1243, - - 2012
Mice with spontaneous mutations in the Sharpin gene develop chronic proliferative dermatitis that is characterized by eosinophilic inflammation of the skin and other organs with increased expression of type 2 cytokines and dysregulated development of lymphoid tissues. The mutant mice share phenotypic features with human hypereosinophilic syndromes. The biological function ...
Plow Ela B - - 2012
Complex skill learning at a joint initiates competition between its representation in the primary motor cortex (M1) and that of the neighboring untrained joint. This process of representational plasticity has been mapped by cortically-evoking simple movements. We investigated, following skill learning at a joint, 1) whether comparable processes of representational ...
Barber Sarah J - - 2012
Retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) refers to the finding that selectively retrieving some information impairs subsequent memory for related but nonretrieved information. This occurs both for the individual doing the remembering (i.e., within-individual retrieval-induced forgetting: WI-RIF), as well as for individuals merely listening to those recollections (i.e., socially shared retrieval-induced forgetting: SS-RIF). ...
Waller Rebecca - - 2012
The current study investigated psychometric properties of the Family Affective Attitude Rating Scale (FAARS) for assessing parents' thoughts and feelings about their child, coded from a 5-min speech sample. Parental affective attitudes derive from previous experiences of parenting and child behavior, representations of the parent-child relationship and broader parental characteristics. ...
Reiss Krzysztof - - 2012
The family of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) consists of four proteins (IRS-1-IRS-4), which were initially characterized as typical cytosolic adaptor proteins involved in insulin receptor (IR) and insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) signaling. The first cloned and characterized member of the IRS family, IRS-1, has a predicted molecular weight ...
Knapp O - - 2012
Voltage-gated sodium channels are expressed primarily in excitable cells and play a pivotal role in the initiation and propagation of action potentials. Nine subtypes of the pore-forming α-subunit have been identified, each with a distinct tissue distribution, biophysical properties and sensitivity to tetrodotoxin (TTX). Na(v) 1.8, a TTX-resistant (TTX-R) subtype, ...
Cumero S - - 2012
3-iodothyronamine (T1AM) is a metabolite of thyroid hormone acting as a signalling molecule via non-genomic effectors and can reach intracellular targets. Because of the importance of mitochondrial F(0) F(1) -ATP synthase as a drug target, here we evaluated interactions of T1AM with this enzyme. Kinetic analyses were performed on F(0) ...
Hugel S - - 2012
Artificial buffers such as HEPES are extensively used to control extracellular pH (pH(e) ) to investigate the effect of H(+) ions on GABA(A) receptor function. In neurones cultured from spinal cord dorsal horn (DH), dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and cerebellar granule cells (GC) of neonatal rats, we studied the effect ...
Sousa T - - 2012
Activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and increased renal medullary hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2) ) contribute to hypertension. We examined whether H(2) O(2) mediated hypertension and intrarenal RAS activation induced by angiotensin II (Ang II). Ang II (200 ng·kg(-1) ·min(-1) ) or saline were infused in Sprague Dawley rats ...
Müller-Fielitz Helge - - 2012
Plasma aldosterone levels correlate positively with obesity, suggesting a link between the hypertension associated with obesity and increased mineralocorticoid levels. We tested the hypothesis that aldosterone is involved in the BP response to angiotensin II (AngII) in obese rats. Lean (LZR) and obese (OZR) Zucker rats were treated with AngII ...
Su Irene H - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess risks and benefits of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) in postmenopausal Chinese women. A retrospective cohort study was undertaken using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, a population-based healthcare claims dataset. Eligible women aged 50 to 79 years ...
Stefanska B - - 2012
A wide variety of beneficial effects have been attributed to curcumin, a major polyphenol from the golden spice Curcuma longa known as turmeric, including amelioration of severe complications of type 2 diabetes such as hepatic fibrosis, retinopathy, neuropathy and nephropathy. In the present issue of BJP, Lin and colleagues reveal ...
Rengo G G Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Telese Terme (BN), - - 2012
We investigated whether β(2) -adrenoceptor overexpression could promote angiogenesis and improve blood perfusion and left ventricular (LV) remodeling of the failing heart. We explored the angiogenic effects of β(2) -adrenoceptor overexpression in a rat model of post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart failure (HF). Cardiac adenoviral-mediated β(2) -adrenoceptor overexpression was obtained via ...
Lagaye Sylvie - - 2012
The development of human cultured hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication-permissive hepatocarcinoma cell lines has provided important new virological tools to study the mechanisms of HCV infection; however, this experimental model remains distantly related to physiological and pathological conditions. Here, we report the development of a new ex vivo model using ...
Cammà Calogero - - 2012
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) show that triple therapy (TT) with peginterferon alpha, ribavirin, and boceprevir (BOC) or telaprevir (TVR) is more effective than peginterferon-ribavirin dual therapy (DT) in the treatment of previously untreated patients with genotype 1 (G(1) ) chronic hepatitis C (CHC). We assessed the cost-effectiveness of TT compared ...
Nevzorova Yulia A - - 2012
Liver fibrogenesis is associated with the transition of quiescent hepatocytes and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) into the cell cycle. Exit from quiescence is controlled by E-type cyclins (cyclin E1 [CcnE1] and cyclin E2 [CcnE2]). Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the contribution of E-type cyclins for ...
Swart Eleonora L - - 2012
A variety of developmental changes is of influence on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of midazolam in neonatal and pediatric intensive care patients. However, dosing regimens in children are based upon rather empirical extrapolations from the dosing regimens in adults. Based on current available studies it appears that with the rising ...
Fontenelle Leonardo F - - 2012
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with a range of emotional abnormalities linked to its defining symptoms, comorbid illnesses and cognitive deficits. The aim of this preliminary study was to examine functional changes in the brain that are associated with experimentally induced sad mood in patients with OCD compared with healthy ...
Nahab Fatta B - - 2012
Recent work exploring the use of high-molecular weight alcohols to treat essential tremor (ET) has identified octanoic acid as a potential novel tremor-suppressing agent. We used an established harmaline-based mouse model of ET to compare tremor suppression by 1-octanol and octanoic acid. The dose-related effect on digitized motion power within ...
Dong Xue-Yuan - - 2012
We reported previously that the tumour suppressor ATBF1 (AT motif-binding factor 1) formed an autoregulatory feedback loop with oestrogen-ERα (oestrogen receptor α) signalling to regulate oestrogen-dependent cell proliferation in breast cancer cells. In this loop ATBF1 inhibits the function of oestrogen-ERα signalling, whereas ATBF1 protein levels are fine-tuned by oestrogen-induced ...
Dilzer Allison - - 2012
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has drawn significant attention in the last two decades for its variety of biologically beneficial effects. CLA reduces body fat, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, and modulates immune and inflammatory responses as well as improves bone mass. It has been suggested that the overall effects of CLA ...
Kim Se-Kwon - - 2012
Calcium, being an essential mineral with many important and diversified functions, plays an important role in the health and well being of the human. Marine organisms serve as an alternate source for calcium. Calcium has to be solubilized in the body in order to have the maximum benefits. The increased ...
Montowska Magdalena - - 2012
Authentication of regional and traditional food made of meat poses a significant challenge. It continues to be a very difficult task which requires employment of quite advanced analytical techniques. These products, despite a similar process of manufacturing, differ in taste and aroma. This happens due to the use of special ...
Belz Markus C E - - 2012
The dietary intake of sodium chloride has increased considerably over the last few decades due to changes in the human diet. This higher intake has been linked to a number of diseases including hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. Numerous international health agencies, as well as the food industry, have now ...
Ramos Oscar L - - 2012
The latest decade has witnessed joint efforts by the packaging and the food industries to reduce the amount of residues and wastes associated with food consumption. The recent increase in environmental awareness has also contributed toward development of edible packaging materials. Viable edible films and coatings have been successfully produced ...
Brouns Fred - - 2012
Over the last three decades substantial attention has been given to the role of dietary fiber in health and disease, in particular diabetes, cardiovascular disease, intestinal health, and some types of cancer. As a result the food industry started to add back fiber to refined foods and develop fiber rich ...
Sugiyama Tatsuki - - 2012
In mammals, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), which give rise to all blood cells and their progenies, including immune cells are controlled by special microenvironments, termed niches in the bone marrow during homeostasis and infection. However, the identity, nature and function of these niches remain unclear. It has been reported that ...
Zutler Moshe - - 2012
Obesity contributes to respiratory symptoms and exercise limitation, but the relationships between obesity, airflow obstruction (AO), respiratory symptoms and functional limitation are complex. To determine the relationship of obesity with airflow obstruction (AO) and respiratory symptoms in adults without a previous diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We analysed ...
Sulaiman Luqman - - 2012
In this study, we genetically characterized parathyroid adenomas with large glandular weights, for which independent observations suggest pronounced clinical manifestations. Large parathyroid adenomas (LPTAs) were defined as the 5% largest sporadic parathyroid adenomas identified among the 590 cases operated in our institution during 2005-2009. The LPTA group showed a higher ...
Prasad Kavita - - 2012
The role of Lewy bodies, Lewy neurites and α-synuclein (αSYN) in the pathophysiology and diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is unclear. We used postmortem human tissue, a panel of antibodies (Abs) and confocal microscopy to examine the three-dimensional neurochemical anatomy of the nigrostriatal system. Abs were specific to truncated (tαSYN), ...
Montecucco Fabrizio F Division of Cardiology, Foundation for Medical Researches, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland. - - 2013
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) is a key enzyme for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) biosynthesis, and recent evidence indicates its role in inflammatory processes. Here, we investigated the potential effects of pharmacological Nampt inhibition with FK866 in a mouse myocardial ischemia/reperfusion model. In vivo and ex vivo mouse myocardial ischemia/reperfusion procedures were ...
Sonntag Annika G - - 2012
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase responds to growth factors, nutrients and cellular energy status and is a central controller of cellular growth. mTOR exists in two multiprotein complexes that are embedded into a complex signalling network. Adenosine monophosphate-dependent kinase (AMPK) is activated by energy deprivation and shuts off adenosine ...
Steins Bisschop Charlotte N - - 2012
This systematic review aims to get insight into the feasibility of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in patients with cancer prior to a physical exercise programme. We will focus on quality (defined as the adherence to international guidelines for methods of CPET) and safety of CPET. Furthermore, we compare the peak ...
Shin Min Hwa - - 2012
Upon genotoxic stress and during normal S phase, ATM phosphorylates the checkpoint clamp protein Rad9 in a manner that depends on Ser272. Ser272 is the only known ATM-dependent phosphorylation site in human Rad9. However, Ser272 phosphorylation is not required for survival or checkpoint activation after DNA damage. The physiological function ...
Guerrot Anne-Marie - - 2012
To compare neonatal and 2-year outcomes in very premature infants born 5 years apart. Prospective observational study of infants born before 33 weeks' gestation in 2000 or 2005 admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit in France. We collected perinatal data and evaluated motor, cognitive, neurosensory and behavioural outcomes at ...
Panther P - - 2012
Schizophrenia is characterized by disturbances in social behavior, sensorimotor gating and cognitive function, that are discussed to be caused by a termination of different transmitter systems. Beside morphological alterations in cortical and subcortical areas reduced AMPA- NMDA-, 5-HT2-receptor densities and increased 5-HT1-receptor densities are found in the hippocampus.The two inbred ...
Wang Jianli - - 2012
The reciprocal interaction of pups and cocaine on reward effects in rodent mothers is known. However,it remains unclear whether such effects are apparent in father-offspring bonding. The mandarin vole (Microtus mandarinus) is a monogamous rodent with a high level of paternal care. We investigated the reinforcing properties of pups on ...
Guccione Lisa - - 2012
Calorie restriction (CR) is well established in the research literature to have several beneficial effects on health and has also been found to induce anxiolytic effects in the rat. Heightened levels of stress and anxiety are often regarded as key precipitating factors of relapse to substance abuse and alcohol addiction. ...
Elwell Cherilyn A - - 2012
Chlamydia species are obligate intracellular pathogens that are important causes of human genital tract, ocular and respiratory infections. The bacteria replicate within a specialized membrane-bound compartment termed the inclusion and require host-derived lipids for intracellular growth and development. Emerging evidence indicates that Chlamydia has evolved clever strategies to fulfil its ...
Wang Xiaogang - - 2012
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) causes human morbidity and mortality in developing nations and is an emerging threat to food safety in developed nations. The ETEC heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) not only causes diarrheal disease by deregulating host adenylate cyclase, but also enhances ETEC adherence to intestinal epithelial cells. The mechanism governing ...
Johnson Howard M - - 2012
Many cytokines, hormones and growth factors use the JAK (Janus kinase)/STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) pathway for cell signalling and specific gene activation. In the classical model, ligand is said to interact solely with the receptor extracellular domain, which triggers JAK activation of STATs at the receptor cytoplasmic ...
Miller Daniel L - - 2012
The current literature fully supports HPV (human papillomavirus)-associated OPSCC (oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma) as a unique clinical entity. It affects an unambiguous patient population with defined risk factors, has a genetic expression pattern more similar to cervical squamous cell carcinoma than non-HPV-associated HNSCC (head and neck squamous cell carcinoma), and ...
Rickert Robert C RC Programs in Cell Death and Inflammation Research, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. - - 2012
In a paper in this issue of the Biochemical Journal that questions the role of c-IAP1 (cellular inhibitor of apoptosis 1) in inflammation, new results from the Duckett laboratory remind us of the importance of truly knowing the mice we depend on. It turns out that c-IAP1 is tightly linked ...
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