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Wefel Jeffrey S - - 2012
Many cancer patients develop treatment-related cognitive dysfunction that affects their quality of life and can result in diminished functional independence. There is an emerging body of transdisciplinary research demonstrating that chemotherapeutic agents can produce neurobiological changes within the brain, which are associated with a constellation of cognitive changes that can ...
Fam Hala - - 2012
The mass transfer of phenol and butyl acetate to/from water was studied in two-phase partitioning bioreactors using immiscible organic solvents and solid polymer beads as the partitioning phases in a 5-L stirred tank bioreactor. Virtually instantaneous mass transfer was observed with phenol in water/2-undecanone, and with butyl acetate in water/silicone ...
Shimo Toshiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although the poly adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib is known to have potent antitumor activity in BRCA-related breast cancer cells, a limited number of preclinical and clinical studies have shown antitumor activity of olaparib in non-BRCA-related breast cancer. We investigated antitumor activity of olaparib in breast cancer ...
Minić Snežana - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an X-linked genodermatosis caused by a mutation of the IKBKG gene. The objective of this study was to present a systematic review of the dental and oral types of anomalies, to determine the total number and sex distribution of the anomalies, and to analyze possible ...
Roy Souvik - - 2012
The present study was designed to evaluate the combinatory effect of methotrexate (MTX) and epigallocatechin (EGCG) on the progression of adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats. Adjuvant arthritis (AA) was induced by a single intradermal injection of Freund's complete adjuvant. AA rats were treated with methotrexate (0.3 mg/kg) thrice a week, EGCG (100 mg/kg) ...
Raman Rosy - - 2012
Blackleg, caused by Leptosphaeria maculans, is one of the most important diseases of oilseed and vegetable crucifiers worldwide. The present study describes (1) the construction of a genetic linkage map, comprising 255 markers, based upon simple sequence repeats (SSR), sequence-related amplified polymorphism, sequence tagged sites, and EST-SSRs and (2) the ...
Sahu Khageswar - - 2012
We report the results of our investigations on the effect of antimicrobial photodynamic treatment (APDT) with poly-lysine-conjugated chlorin p6 (pl-cp6) on proinflammatory cytokine expression and wound healing in a murine excisional wound model infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Treatment of infected wounds with pl-cp6 and light doses of 60 and 120 J/cm(2) ...
Zeinaloo Aliakbar - - 2012
The Immediate-Release Patch is the newest version of the Transcatheter Patch, which is a bioabsorbable device for the closure of cardiac defects. Closure of 12 atrial septal defects and 1 fenestration was attempted using this device. Of the 13 devices used, 12 were implanted successfully (including that for the fenestration), ...
Hadji Peyman - - 2012
Postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer usually receive aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy at some point in their disease management. Accelerated bone loss during AI therapy poses a problem, especially in postmenopausal women who may already have age-related osteopenia or several fracture-related risk factors. Guidelines and algorithms have been developed to ...
Baba Tsuyoshi - - 2012
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare condition that is potentially life-threatening for the mother. We present a case of simultaneous ectopic pregnancies (EPs) in the right fallopian tube and in the vesicouterine pouch. A 26-year-old woman had undergone prior ovulation induction with clomiphene citrate and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) at an ...
Nakata Makoto - - 2012
In rats, artificial insemination (AI) is surgically performed as a general tool to obtain offspring using cryopreserved spermatozoa. Nonsurgical AI is a more desirable technology because it does not require any surgical procedures. However, there has never been a successful nonsurgical AI since frozen-thawed rat spermatozoa show low motility. We ...
Gupta Shilpa - - 2012
Abstract Arsenic trioxide, believed to be a carcinogen and a teratogen, has found its niche in the treatment of Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia (APL). APL is a disease affecting young patients. Post treatment fertility and outcomes of pregnancy is always a concern in a disease with high cure rates. We report ...
Alkhorayyef Abdullah - - 2012
A neonate with pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis, pulmonary hypertension, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is described. The fatal outcome for this patient contrasts with the reported favorable prognosis associated with isolated pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis. To the authors' knowledge, the association of pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has not been reported previously. The ...
Kowalczyk Janine - - 2012
A pilot study was performed with dairy sheep to generate the first data on the transfer of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) from feed into food of animal origin. Corn silage was cultivated on cropland in Lower Saxony in Germany where, as a result of illegal waste disposal ...
Fujiwara Hidenori - - 2012
We report a case of complete atrioventricular block subsequent to thrombosed-type acute aortic dissection. An 81-year-old woman with thrombosed-type acute aortic dissection experienced cardiopulmonary arrest and complete atrioventricular block 6 days after aortic dissection. After temporary pacing, a permanent pacemaker was implanted. Atrioventricular conductivity disorders that result in complete atrioventricular ...
Coenen Pieter - - 2012
Objective: There is increasing evidence that robot-assisted treadmill training might be useful for gait rehabilitation after stroke. The aim of this study was to evaluate the muscle activity of stroke patients during robot-assisted walking and overground walking, and of a group of able-bodied subjects during overground walking. Design: Case-control observational ...
Burkert Silke - - 2012
This study broadens the current understanding of the role of planning by focusing on the interplay between individual and dyadic planning (i.e. making plans about the target person's behaviour together with a partner). Self-report data from N = 141 prostatectomy-patients and their partners were assessed at three times within 1 year post-surgery. Direct ...
Esenyel Meltem - - 2012
There has been a recent interest in calcitonin as a potential treatment for osteoarthritis, based on its metabolic activities in both bone turnover and cartilage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of nasal form calcitonin on knee osteoarthritis and quality of life in women who receive ...
Gaunitz Frank - - 2012
The application of carnosine in medicine has been discussed since several years, but many claims of therapeutic effects have not been substantiated by rigorous experimental examination. In the present perspective, a possible use of carnosine as an anti-neoplastic therapeutic, especially for the treatment of malignant brain tumours such as glioblastoma ...
Bombeke Katrien - - 2012
Background: Although communication skills training (CST) enhances patient-centred skills and attitudes, the literature indicates a problematic transfer of these from education into practice. Aim: We explored 'lived' experiences of medical students and doctors to gain a better understanding of the impact of CST on patient-centredness in the transition to real ...
Maniruzzaman M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of hydrophilic polymers to enhance the dissolution rate of poorly water-soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) processed by hot-melt extrusion (HME). Indomethacin (INM) and famotidine (FMT) were selected as model active substances while polyvinyl caprolactam graft copolymer, soluplus (SOL) and vinylpyrrolidone-vinyl ...
Attarchi Mirsaeed - - 2012
This study aimed to assess the relationship between shift working and occupational exposure to noise with blood pressure (BP). The study was carried out in a rubber manufacturing company in 2010. Demographic, medical and occupational information for carrying out the study were collected through direct interview. All 331 under study ...
Susaki Yoshiyuki - - 2012
Because the number of ideal brain-dead donors is limited, active use of marginal donors is currently one of the major issues discussed in regard to lung transplantation. We report a case in which the patient underwent single-lung transplantation for chronic pulmonary emphysema. The lung came from a marginal, ABO blood ...
Griva Konstadina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although adherence to immunosupressive medication after transplantation is important to maximize good clinical outcomes it remains suboptimal and not well-understood. The purpose of this study was to examine intentional and unintentional non-adherence to immunosuppression medication in kidney transplant patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of N = 218 patients [49.6 ± 12.3 years] recruited in ...
Di Veroli Alessandra - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to monitor mouthpart deformities of Chironomus plumosus (Insecta-Diptera) in Lake Trasimeno (2000-2010) in relation with sediment contamination by heavy metals, which is one of the main causes of deformity induction. In Lake Trasimeno, concentrations of heavy metals in the investigated littoral zone were ...
Chastonay Philippe - - 2012
In 2006, WHO alerted the world to a global health workforce crisis, demonstrated through critical shortages of health workers, primarily in Sub-Saharan Africa (WHO in World Health Report, 2006). The objective of our study was to assess, in a participative way, the educational needs for public health and health workforce ...
Ebrahimi Mohammad Majid - - 2012
The full-length fusion (F) genes of 51 Newcastle disease (ND) strains isolated from chickens in Asia during the period 2008-2011 were genetically analyzed. Phylogenetic analysis showed that genotype VII of NDV still predominant in the domestic poultry of Asia. The sub-genotype VIIb circulated in the Iran and Indian sub-continent countries, ...
Tullus Kjell - - 2012
Renovascular hypertension (RVH) can be caused by many different diseases, with the most common being fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) and Takayasu arteritis (TA). A strikingly different diagnostic pattern is seen in children with RVH from different parts of the world. In Europe and North America, these children are mainly diagnosed as ...
Jheon Sanghoon - - 2012
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy is currently accepted as an appropriate procedure for selected patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Evidence has demonstrated that VATS lobectomy is not only a safe and feasible technique, it provides better functional recovery and oncological efficacy similar to that achieved with conventional thoracotomy. ...
Zenone Thierry - - 2012
Camptocormia, an abnormal truncal flexion posture that occurs while walking or standing, is usually caused by various hypokinetic movement disorders, mainly Parkinson disease. We describe the case of a man with subacute onset of camptocormia. Quadriceps muscle biopsy showed significant rhabdomyolysis, few isolated inflammatory cells and mild expression of type ...
Kathirvel Soundappan - - 2012
Background: Mapping is a fundamental way of displaying spatial human cognition. It is a rapid technique of summarising and presenting large amount of information. Social map is a technique that finds use as a participatory rural appraisal tool. Aim: To evaluate the feasibility of using social mapping as a public ...
Lervik Anders - - 2012
We analyse the operation of the Ca(2+)-ATPase ion pump using a kinetic cycle diagram. Using the methodology of Hill, we obtain the cycle fluxes, entropy production and efficiency of the pump. We compare these results with a mesoscopic non-equilibrium description of the pump and show that the kinetic and mesoscopic ...
Rosania Rosa - - 2012
Probiotics survive in gastric environment competing with H. pylori. We studied probiotic "multistrain" administration in dyspeptics with H. pylori (placebo-controlled study). Forty patients with H. pylori (urea breath test - UBT - and IgG) were treated for 10 days with a mixture of 8 species of probiotics. Control group of ...
Balcázar José Luis - - 2012
A Gram-negative, aerobic, motile and slightly curved rod-shaped bacterium (BFLP-8(T)) was isolated from cutaneous mucus of wild long-snouted seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus) captured in northwest Spain (Toralla, Galicia). Strain BFLP-8(T) grew at 10-35 °C and pH 5-9 (optimally at 25 °C and pH 7.0) and with 1-6 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally with 2 % NaCl). The predominant ...
Im Chang-Hwan - - 2012
In this study, local electric field distributions generated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) with an extracephalic reference electrode were evaluated to address extracephalic tDCS safety issues. To this aim, we generated a numerical model of an adult male human upper body and applied the 3D finite element method to ...
Stockklausner Clemens - - 2012
Hereditary thrombocythemia (HT) has been described as a rare benign disorder caused by mutations in the thrombopoietin (THPO) or the c-Mpl receptor genes. Here we report two families with HT resulting from a THPO c.13+1 G>C mutation in the splice donor of intron 3. In one family there were coexisting ...
Islam M Mofizul - - 2012
Abstract Research with injecting drug users (IDUs) suggests greater willingness to report sensitive and stigmatised behaviour via audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) methods than during face-to-face interviews (FFIs); however, previous studies were limited in verifying this within the same individuals at the same time point. This study examines the relative willingness ...
Kingsnorth A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes following sutureless Parietex™ ProGrip™ mesh repair to traditional Lichtenstein repair with lightweight polypropylene mesh secured with sutures. METHODS: This is a 3-month interim report of a 1-year multicenter international study. Three hundred and two patients were randomized; 153 were treated with Lichtenstein repair (L group) ...
Choi Jung-Hyun - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) to distinguish stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SCMP) from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the emergency department (ED). Methods and Results: We investigated 51 patients (62±13 years, 29 women) who had suspected SCMP in the ED ...
Talaat Wagdy - - 2012
Background: In 1985, the Faculty of Medicine at Suez Canal University responded to a request from the people of El-Tal El-Kebir, a district in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt, to assist them in addressing their poor health statistics. After an initial visit, the team realized that any long-term solution in dealing with ...
Huynh Virginia W - - 2012
Ethnic microaggressions are a form of everyday, interpersonal discrimination that are ambiguous and difficult to recognize as discrimination. This study examined the frequency and impact of microaggressions among Latino (n = 247) and Asian American (n = 113) adolescents (M (age) = 17.18, SD = .75; 57 % girls). Latino adolescents reported more frequent microaggressions that dismiss their realities ...
Myojin Tomoya - - 2012
Mesothelioma is a malignancy with poor prognosis. It is chiefly caused by asbestos exposure and its symptoms can occur about 30-50 yr after the initial exposure. This study aims to predict the future trends in mesothelioma mortality in Japan using a method that is an alternative to the age-cohort model. ...
Wahbi Karim - - 2012
Up to one-third of patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 die suddenly. Thus far, no intervention has effectively prevented sudden death. To determine whether an invasive strategy based on systematic electrophysiological studies and prophylactic permanent pacing is associated with longer survival in patients presenting with myotonic dystrophy type 1 and ...
Garland Eric L - - 2012
In an effort to self-medicate psychological distress stemming from exposure to traumatic life events, at-risk youth may be likely to seek intoxication via substance use. Concomitantly, self-medication with psychoactive substances is theorized to confer risk of developing future psychiatric and substance use disorders. The present study employed structural equation modeling ...
Zhang Liping - - 2012
Blood vessel dilation starts from activation of the Na/K pumps and inward rectifier K channels in the vessel smooth muscle cells, which hyperpolarizes the cell membrane potential and closes the Ca channels. As a result, the intracellular Ca concentration reduces, and the smooth muscle cells relax and the blood vessel ...
Rajabally Yusuf A - - 2012
Guillain-Barré syndrome is a frequently post-infectious, autoimmune acute inflammatory polyradiculoneuropathy affecting all age groups. It typically results in rapid-onset weakness symmetrically affecting proximal and distal muscles. Cranial muscles are not infrequently affected and respiratory muscle weakness requiring mechanical ventilation occurs in 25% of cases. The incidence is around 1-2 per ...
Sawada Shigeki - - 2012
Patients undergoing pulmonary resection often suffer from a dry, hacking cough, which is usually refractory to opioid cough suppressors such as codeine. The cough is often painful and impairs the quality of life of the patients. The efficacy of an inhaled corticosteroid plus β2-agonist against the persistent cough after pulmonary ...
Krug Tiago - - 2012
We hereby propose a novel approach to the identification of ischemic stroke (IS) susceptibility genes that involves converging data from several unbiased genetic and genomic tools. We tested the association between IS and genes differentially expressed between cases and controls, then determined which data mapped to previously reported linkage peaks ...
Andreou Dimitrios - - 2012
The D-amino acid oxidase activator (DAOA) protein regulates the function of D-amino oxidase (DAO), an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of D-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (D-DOPA) and D-serine. D-DOPA is converted to L-3,4-DOPA, a precursor of dopamine, whereas D-serine participates in glutamatergic transmission. We hypothesized that DAOA polymorphisms are associated with dopamine, ...
van Nes J G H - - 2012
Tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors are associated with side effects which can significantly impact quality of life (QoL). We assessed QoL in the Tamoxifen Exemestane Adjuvant Multinational (TEAM) Trial and compared these data with reported adverse events in the main database. 2,754 Dutch postmenopausal early breast cancer patients were randomized between ...
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