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Results 401 - 450 of 2934
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Tsang Jeffrey S - - 2012
We report the case of a 41-year-old man with extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), presenting with clinically detectable bone involvement only. The use of FDG-PET/CT in the diagnosis of RDD is discussed.
Kshetri Dan Bahadur Baidwar - - 2012
This study has aimed to describe the care and support for urban and rural elderly people of Bhaktapur district, Nepal. Efforts were made to identify the feeling of some features of general well-beings associated to mental health, person responsible for care and support, capability to perform daily routine activities, sources ...
Parast Mohammad Sadegh Yazdan - - 2012
Four new thallium(i) coordination polymers, [TlBt](n) () (Hbt = 5-phenyltetrazole), [TlBbt] () (Hbbt = 5-(4-bromobenzyl)tetrazole), [Tl(2)Bdt](n) () (H(2)bdt = 5,5'-benzene-1,4-diylbistetrazole), [Tl(2)Pht·H(2)O](n) and [TlBet] (), (Hbet = 5-(benzyl)tetrazole) have been synthesized and characterized. The single-crystal X-ray data shows that, in compounds , the coordination sphere of the Tl(i) ion is the ...
Maes Christa - - 2012
Adaptation to hypoxia is a critical cellular event both in pathological settings, such as cancer and ischaemia, and in normal development and differentiation. Oxygen is thought to be not only an indispensable metabolic substrate for a variety of in vivo enzymatic reactions, including mitochondrial respiration, but also a key regulatory ...
Wolthuis Albert M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The interval between neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery for rectal cancer has arbitrarily been set at 6-8 weeks. However, tumor regression is variable. This study aimed to evaluate whether the interval between neoadjuvant therapy and surgery had an impact on pathologic response and on surgical and oncologic outcome. METHODS: A total ...
Singla S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Colonoscopy is a safe procedure that is performed routinely worldwide. There is, however, a small but significant risk of splenic injury that is often under-recognized. Due to a lack of awareness about this injury, the diagnosis may be delayed, which can lead to an increased risk of morbidity as ...
Geyh S - - 2012
Study design:A multi-centre cross-sectional study.Objective:To examine the relationship of self-efficacy and self-esteem with participation of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) from a comprehensive bio-psycho-social perspective, based on the conceptual framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).Setting:Community-dwelling participants, <5 years post discharge, recruited through three SCI ...
Albermann M E - - 2012
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) analysis in hair is a suitable method for the retrospective determination of previous alcohol consumption. According to the German guidelines, EtG abstinence is improbable at c (EtG) > 7 pg/mg in the proximal 3 cm of scalp hair. The chromatography of the routinely used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry procedure was optimized ...
Farges B - - 2012
As a part of a natural biological N-cycle, nitrification is one of the steps included in the conception of artificial ecosystems designed for extraterrestrial life support systems (LSS) such as Micro-Ecological Life Support System Alternative (MELiSSA) project, which is the LSS project of the European Space Agency. Nitrification in aerobic ...
Sun Yun-Lv - - 2012
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) have been proved to participate in a wide variety of processes, including growth, differentiation, cell proliferation, migration, sex determination and sex differentiation. The roles of FGF9/16/20 subfamily members in the gonadal development of teleost fish have not yet been reported. Three FGFs (16, 20a and 20b) ...
Bondil Pierre - - 2012
The sexual problematic linked to both cancers and their treatments remains underestimated by health carers especially since patients dare not speak about it. The oncosexology is a new offer of health care responding to an epidemiological reality, a strong demand, a care quality process and a societal demand of ethical, ...
Aperis Georgios - - 2012
This paper describes an uncommon case of a patient with anomaly of a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC). A 54-year-old man with a history of chronic kidney disease, heart failure, diabetes mellitus and hypertension was admitted to the hospital for worsening dyspnoea. During his hospital stay, heart failure was ...
Bell Tina M - - 2012
Populations can respond to environmental heterogeneity by genetic adaptation to local conditions. Evidence for local adaptation in herbivores with relatively broad host breadth is scarce, either because generalists rarely locally adapt or because fewer studies have tested for local adaptation. The marine isopod Idotea balthica, a small (<3 cm) generalist herbivore ...
Kauff Daniel W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this experimental study was to assess the quality of pelvic autonomic nerve preservation of different dissection techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve pigs underwent low anterior rectal resection (LARR) with scissors, ultracision, monopolar diathermy, and waterjet, each in three animals. Assessment of pelvic autonomic nerve preservation was ...
Di Gregorio Carmela - - 2012
Some histological features of malignant polyps have been used to classify patients into low- and high-risk groups. This study proposed to evaluate the impact of this classification on the clinical outcome of patients with malignant polyps. Through the Colorectal Cancer Registry, 105 patients with endoscopically removed malignant polyps were selected. ...
Nicoleti Celso R - - 2012
Two 1,8-naphthyridines were synthesized and found to be fluorescent in solution. These compounds were studied in the presence of Cu(+) and Cu(2+) ions and it was verified that the metal causes the quenching of their fluorescence emission, due to the formation of complexes between the naphthyridine and the metal. A ...
Wang Wei - - 2012
A series of novel porous zirconium phosphonate-supported 9-amino-9-deoxy-epi-cinchonidines of general formulae Zr(OH)(4-2x)(O(3)PR)(x)·nH(2)O and Zr(HPO(4))(2-x)(O(3)PR)(x)·nH(2)O with the different arm chain lengths (n = 2-6) and mean diameters of approximately 20-40 nm have been prepared as heterogeneous organocatalysts. The different microtextures of zirconium phosphonates were also obtained by using template guest molecules, ...
Cimador Marcello - - 2012
During adolescence, the risk of developing a varicocele increases. Prevalence is less than 1% in boys aged younger than 10 years, but approaches that of the general adult population (about 15%) during puberty. For adolescent males with varicoceles, surgical risk factors have not yet been clearly delineated and clinical severity ...
Santos Raul D - - 2012
For more than 200 years initially seen as a cause of gout, speaking in a politically correct 21st century term, a disease of the rich and very well nourished people, many experimental and epidemiological studies have associated increased levels of serum uric acid (UA) with the classical components of the metabolic ...
Bento Teresa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the use of accelerometry as an objective measure of physical activity in adults and elderly people. METHODS: A systematic review of studies on the use of accelerometty as an objective measure to assess physical activity in adults were examined in PubMed Central, Web of Knowledge, EBSCO and ...
Angenete E - - 2012
PURPOSE: Abdominoperineal resection (APR) for rectal cancer results in a permanent colostomy. As a consequence of a recent change in operative technique from standard (S-APR) to extralevator resection (E-APR), the perineal part of the procedure is now performed with the patient in a prone jackknife position. The impact of this ...
Burge Matthew - - 2012
Purpose CYT997 is a novel microtubule inhibitor and vascular disrupting agent. This phase I trial examined the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and vascular-disrupting effects of orally-administered CYT997. Experimental design We performed a phase I accelerated dose-escalation study of CYT997 given orally once every 2 to 3 weeks in patients with advanced solid ...
Sulmasy Daniel P - - 2012
The word 'dignity' is used in a variety of ways in bioethics, and this ambiguity has led some to argue that the term must be expunged from the bioethical lexicon. Such a judgment is far too hasty, however. In this article, the various uses of the word are classified into ...
Sammon Jesse D - - 2012
Study Type - Prognosis (cohort) Level of Evidence 2a. What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Married individuals have lower morbidity and mortality rates for all major causes of death. Cancer-specific survival is better in married patients with testis cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, ...
Conti Gea Oliveri - - 2012
Our study is a preliminary step to evaluate water contamination of the Mediterranean Sea surrounding Lampedusa island and health risks for fish consumers. We analyzed muscle tissue of Mullus barbatus specimens to detect metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Results show the following average concentrations of heavy metals: Pb 0.035, ...
Abdelmoula Achref - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to compare "absolute" and "relative" knee extension strength between obese and nonobese adolescents. Ten nonobese and 12 severely obese adolescent boys of similar chronological age, maturity status, and height were compared. Total body and regional soft tissue composition were determined using dual-energy X-ray ...
De Boeck Hans J - - 2012
• Climate manipulation experiments are of key importance in identifying possible responses of plant communities and ecosystems to climate change. Experiments for warming the air under sunlit conditions are carried out in (partial) enclosures. These inevitably alter the energy balance inside, potentially altering tissue temperatures which affect metabolism and growth. ...
Uchimura Nelson Shozo - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between conservative management of high-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions and recurrence rates and age groups. METHODS: Cross-sectional, retrospective, analytical observational study of 509 women (aged 15 to 76) with abnormal Pap smears attending a public reference center in the city of Maringá, southern Brazil, from ...
Ghavanini Amer A - - 2012
Although caseating granulomas are classically associated with infectious processes, a subgroup of intracranial caseating granulomas without identifiable infectious pathology (ICGN) is described. We aimed to identify clinical, laboratory, radiological, and histological markers with potential to distinguish patients with ICGN from those with intracranial caseating granulomas with infectious etiology (ICGI) on ...
Zhang Hui - - 2012
IRAK1 and miR-499 play an important role in the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis. Few studies to date have focused on the influence of the IRAK1 rs3027898 C/A and hsa-mir-499 rs3746444 T/C polymorphisms in the susceptibility of the Chinese population to rheumatoid arthritis. We hypothesized that these polymorphisms may contribute to ...
Güzel Yüksel - - 2012
This study describes a highly efficient method for the selective precipitation of phosphoproteins by trivalent europium, terbium, and erbium metal ions. These metal cations belong to the group of lanthanides and are known to be hard acceptors with an overwhelming preference for oxygen-containing anions such as phosphates to which they ...
Ye Qing - - 2012
Due to their role in eliciting protective Th1 cell-mediated immune responses in definitive hosts lung stage schistosomula are in the focus of intensive research. In vitro culture approaches in the past exhibited significant differences in gene expression profiles between lung stage schistosomula isolated from hosts and those cultured conventionally. Therefore, ...
da Rocha Juliana Trevisan - - 2012
RATIONALE: The transition to menopause is associated with an increased risk of depressed mood. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate whether diphenyl diselenide [(PhSe)(2)] treatment could reduce the effects of postmenopausal depression-like behavior in ovariectomized female mice submitted to subchronic stress exposure. METHODS: Mice were divided into four groups: ...
Chou Calvin L - - 2012
Background: The work of medical education is increasingly collaborative across geographical sites, sometimes spanning international borders. The success of projects depends more strongly on how meetings are led and run than variables about the task itself; therefore, excellent communication using teleconferencing technology is required. However, we found no medical literature ...
Kinoshita Ayaka - - 2012
Among 137 living liver donors who underwent partial hepatectomy between August 1997 and November 2010, 58 donated the left lobe of their liver, with or without the caudate lobe. Gastric stasis developed after surgery in 4 (7 %) of these 58 donors (Fig. 1); possibly because of dislocation of the stomach after ...
McClure Heather H - - 2012
Obesity rates throughout the world have risen rapidly in recent decades, and are now a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Several studies indicate that behavioral and affective distress in childhood may be linked to elevated adult body mass index (BMI). The present study utilizes data from a 20-year longitudinal ...
Yamaguchi Tomohiro - - 2012
Yamaguchi T, Taniguchi H, Fujita S, Sekine S, Yamamoto S, Akasu T, Kushima R, Tani T, Moriya Y & Shimoda T (2012) Histopathology Clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of advanced colorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma Aims:  Mucinous adenocarcinoma (MUC) is a histological variant of colorectal adenocarcinoma. The aim of the present study ...
Fritscher Leandro Genehr - - 2012
The collection of exhaled breath condensates (EBC) is a noninvasive method for obtaining samples from the lungs. Eicosanoids are lipid mediators implicated in the asthmatic inflammatory response. The objective of our study was to investigate whether the profile of eicosanoid lipid mediators in EBC can characterize the inflammation in asthma ...
Tatsumi Koichi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: One of the problems with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer is that it prolongs procedure time considerably. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a videoendoscope with water-jet function shortened the time of ESD for early gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 82 ...
Liao Shu-Fen - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been recognized as a major factor for cervical cancer causation. Other factors, relating to reproduction, are also important. This study aims to disentangle the roles of baseline HPV infection, high vaginal parity (defined as having ≥4 vaginal deliveries), and the interaction between the two in ...
Kokki Merja - - 2012
PURPOSE: To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of oxycodone following intravenous injection and administration of three oral dosage forms (solution, capsule, and controlled-release tablet) in elderly patients (age 76-89 years) undergoing cystoscopy. METHODS: This was an open, randomized study with two sequences and two visits in 15 elderly patients. The patients were ...
Storelli Maria Maddalena - - 2012
The present study provides novel data regarding levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (DDTs) in muscle tissue of European conger eel (Conger conger) from Ionian Sea (Mediterranean Sea). The mean concentration of PCBs (891 ng g(-1) lipid weight) was higher than those of DDTs (543 ng g(-1) lipid weight). PCB pattern was dominated by ...
Yuk Jimmy - - 2012
Endosulfan is an environmentally persistent pesticide and has been shown to be genotoxic, neurotoxic and carcinogenic to surrounding organisms. Earthworms are widely used in environmental metabolomic studies to assess soil ecotoxicity. Previous nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomic studies have analyzed earthworm tissue extracts after exposure to endosulfan and identified some ...
Beerlage Christiane - - 2012
Bartonella species are highly fastidious, vector borne, zoonotic bacteria that cause persistent intraerythrocytic bacteremia and endotheliotropic infection in reservoir and incidental hosts. Based upon prior in vitro research, three Bartonella sp., B. bacilliformis, B. henselae, and B. quintana can induce proliferation of endothelial cells, and each species has been associated ...
Pageon Hervé - - 2012
To study the biological properties of dermal fibroblast sub-populations, we used a reconstructed skin model with a dermal compartment populated with either papillary or reticular fibroblasts. The histological and immunohistological characterization of these reconstructed skins revealed distinct biological and structural differences, depending on the site-matched fibroblast population incorporated. Epidermal differentiation ...
Ngo Thao P N - - 2012
Reversible clusters of nanobiocatalysts are developed via non-covalent interaction among enzyme-bound iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles. Dissociation of the clusters by shaking during biotransformation enables high catalytic performance, and re-clustering by stopping shaking after reaction allows for easy magnetic separation. The novel concept is demonstrated with alcohol dehydrogenase RDR for the ...
Tang I-Chen - - 2012
Recent mental illness stigma research has almost exclusively studied community and family responses to the stigmas of mental illness. Too little has been done to understand the current subjective experience of psychiatric patients. Our study explores the influence of self-stigma on the quality of life of mentally disabled people. Participating ...
Yin Xin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Combined hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CC) is an uncommon subtype of primary liver cancer that has rarely been reported in large-scale clinical studies. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical features, treatment modalities, and prognosis of cHCC-CC. METHODS: Included in this study were 113 patients who ...
Harvey L A - - 2012
Background and purpose:The purpose of this study was to determine the amount and type of equipment prescribed to aid mobility and self-care for patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI) in Australia and to determine how frequently the equipment is used 1 year later and whether patients are satisfied with it.Methods:A ...
Sastre Toraño Javier - - 2012
A hydrophilic-interaction chromatography (HILIC) method coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) was developed for the determination of trehalose-6-phophate (Tre6P) in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. The method was optimized for MS detection and separation of Tre6P from its isomers, such as sucrose-6-phosphate, by testing eluent pH, type of organic solvent and ...
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