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Rump L C - - 2012
Arteriosclerotic renal artery stenosis (RAS) has an increased incidence in patients with cardiovascular risk factors. Clinically RAS presents in some patients as secondary, sometimes resistant arterial hypertension and in others as chronic renal insufficiency, sometimes with acute renal failure and in a third group both symptoms are observed. Doppler ultrasound ...
Davoodi Saeed - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify determinants of long-term results after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) in group of Iranian patients with systolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Reduced LV function was defined as an LV ejection fraction of <30%. Using our surgery database, we randomly selected 110 patients ...
Utreras Elias - - 2012
In addition to many important roles for Cdk5 in brain development and synaptic function, we reported previously that Cdk5 regulates inflammatory pain signaling, partly through phosphorylation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), an important Na(+)/Ca(2+) channel expressed in primary nociceptive afferent nerves. Because TGF-β regulates inflammatory processes and its ...
Januschowski Kai - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dyes such as brilliant blue (BBG) are used during vitreoretinal surgery to visualize anatomical structures. By adding deuterium oxide (D2O), surgeons have tried to create a dye mixture heavier than water to facilitate staining of the inner limiting membrane (ILM) without prior fluid-air exchange. This study investigated the effect ...
Okui Masayuki - - 2012
Neurogenic tumors are derived from tissue of the neural crest. Most of the mediastinal neurogenic tumors occur in the posterior compartment. Extension to the cervical area and the surrounding major arteries is rare. We report a patient with a ganglioneuroma arising from the brachial plexus, extending into the cervical region, ...
Al-Alao Bassel S - - 2012
We looked at the complications and hospital resources of an elderly population undergoing first-time isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in comparison to a younger counterpart for a propensity matched cohort. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted on 2804 CABG patients. Two age groups, >75 years ...
Chihara Shingo - - 2012
Left superior vena cava (LSVC) draining into the left atrium is a rare congenital cardiac complex. It may appear as an isolated anomaly or as part of more complex cardiac anomalies. Intraatrial rerouting techniques have been the most common approaches to correcting LSVC drainage into the left atrium in patients ...
Pillai Shyamala - - 2012
A variety of contemporary analytical platforms, utilized in technical and biological applications, take advantage of labeling the objects of interest with fluorescent tracers-compounds that can be easily and sensitively detected. Here we describe the synthesis of new fluorescent quinoline and quinolone compounds, whose light emission can be conveniently tuned by ...
Morís Joaquín - - 2012
According to most theories, in a simple contingency learning situation, excitatory learning occurs when the probability of the unconditioned stimulus in the presence of the conditioned stimulus (p(1)) is higher than the probability of the unconditioned stimulus in the absence of the conditioned stimulus (p(2)). In Rescorla and Wagner's (1972) ...
Wang Yanbo - - 2012
The experiment was designed to investigate the effect of selenium (Se) chemical forms (sodium selenite, selenium nanoparticle [nano-Se] and selenomethionine) on the transport, uptake and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in the Caco-2 cell model. The transport and uptake of different forms of Se (0.1 μmol l(-1)) across the Caco-2 cell monolayer were ...
Goldhahn J - - 2012
Osteoporotic fracture healing is critical to clinical outcome in terms of functional recovery, morbidity, and quality of life. Osteoporosis treatments may affect bone repair, so insights into their impact on fracture healing are important. We reviewed the current evidence for an impact of osteoporosis treatments on bone repair. Treatment with ...
Hammel Ilan - - 2012
The delivery of newly-formed secretory content to the granule inventory occurs through direct fusion of recently formed granules and mature granules. The introduction of knockout mice allowed us to investigate the characteristics of the delivery process and to determine the core protein machinery required for granule growth. The SNARE machinery ...
Joseph Shawn T - - 2012
Inner ear dysplasia is a rare cause of cerebrospinal fluid otorhinorrhea and presents in a variety of ways, ranging from asymptomatic to recurrent bacterial meningitis. We describe a 6-year-old boy who presented with clear watery nasal discharge and recurrent bacterial meningitis. Magnetic resonance cisternogram showed cerebrospinal fluid leak through the ...
Igai Hitoshi - - 2012
Bronchoplasty is sometimes performed in patients with compromised lung function to preserve functional lung parenchyma. Although the bronchial anastomosis was generally performed with interrupted sutures, we applied it with continuous sutures by using monofilament absorbable material in two patients with non-small-cell lung cancers to obtain a good operative view and ...
Dimatelis J J - - 2012
Early life adversity has been suggested to predispose an individual to later drug abuse. The core and shell sub-regions of the nucleus accumbens are differentially affected by both stressors and methamphetamine. This study aimed to characterize and quantify methamphetamine-induced protein expression in the shell and core of the nucleus accumbens ...
Paranskaya L - - 2012
Left ventricular hypertrophy, dehydration, sepsis, vasodilatation, excessive sympathetic stimulation, pericardial tamponade and surgical treatment of the atrioventricular valve are known causes of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. We report the rare case of a patient who developed dynamic LVOT obstruction as a complication of acute pulmonary embolism.
Sadahiro Tomohito - - 2012
Various approaches such as ventilator management involving lung-protective ventilation, corticosteroids, prone positioning, and nitric oxide have failed to maintain sufficient lung oxygenation or appropriate ventilation competence in very severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been aggressively introduced for such patients, although in only a few ...
Mogi Akira - - 2012
Giant cell tumors (GCTs) are rare neoplasms, most commonly arising in the metaphysis/epiphysis of long bones. They consist of multinucleated giant cells with surrounding spindle-shaped mononuclear stromal cells. GCTs rarely appear in the ribs. We report a case of a GCT originating from the anterior arc of the fourth rib ...
Goswami Priyanka - - 2012
N,N,N,N-tetradentate macrocyclic ligand (L) has been synthesized by the condensation of benzil and semicarbazide and characterized. On excitation by light of wavelength 350 nm, L exhibited a fluorescent peak at λ(max) = 454 nm, which showed ca 6 times enhancement in intensity with a blue shift on interaction with Zn(2+). L has been found ...
Hashimoto Kohei - - 2012
A 47-year-old woman with a lung adenocarcinoma of 1.3 cm located in the left S9+10 was treated by S9+10 segmentectomy with sentinel node (SN) identification using radioisotopes. During segmentectomy, frozen section of the segmental nodes at S9+10 and S6, identified as SNs, did not show metastasis; however, postoperative immunohistochemical staining ...
Pape Roland - - 2012
Reindeer grazing has been entitled as ecological keystone in arctic-alpine landscapes. In addition, reindeer husbandry is tightly connected to the identity of the indigenous Sámi people in northern Europe. Nowadays, reindeer husbandry is challenged in several ways, of which pasture degradation, climate change, conflicting land uses and predation are the ...
Ibrahim Norkasihan - - 2012
Drug therapies in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are complex and specialised and have a high potential for drug-related problem (DRP). In adult CKD populations, the identification and resolution of DRP has been shown to have beneficial effects on disease management, adherence and knowledge of treatment, patient's quality ...
Kavanagh D O - - 2012
PURPOSE: Although well described, there is limited published data related to management on the coexistence of prostate and rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to describe a single institution's experience with this and propose a treatment algorithm based on the best available evidence. METHODS: From 2000 to 2011, ...
Assisi Loredana - - 2012
Orexins (OxA and OxB) and their receptors (Ox1R and Ox2R), originally detected in the hypothalamus, have also been localized in multiple cerebral areas and peripheral organs. Thus, in addition to their central function in the regulation of food intake, arterial blood pressure, heart rate, sleep/wake cycle, sexual behaviour, arousal, and ...
Fukui Shinya - - 2012
We report a new aortic arch occlusion technique with a balloon for distal aortic arch repair via left thoracotomy using an open proximal method. Distal aortic arch repair via left thoracotomy sometimes causes brain infarction and perioperative myocardial infarction. That is because air or debris enters into coronary arteries and ...
Yang Rui - - 2012
A new OFF-ON fluorescent chemosensor (H1) composed of a naphthalimide fluorophore and a 6-[(quinolin-8-yloxy)methyl]pyridin-2-ylmethanamine receptor has been synthesized and characterized by infra-red, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and mass spectrometry. The developed chemosensor H1 exhibited good turn-on and reversible responses toward Hg(2+), with excellent selectivity and sensitivity, in a neutral buffered ...
Li Hao-Ming - - 2012
Angiomyolipoma (AML) is known as the most common benign mesenchymal tumor of kidney. Usually AMLs present as benign lesions without local invasion or complication. However, few cases of renal AML have been reported with complications such as tumor thrombus extension into inferior vena cava (IVC) or hemorrhagic aneurysm formation. We ...
Hashimoto Wataru - - 2012
Mechanical valve replacement is associated with complications, however, there is little information on the quality of life (QOL) of octogenarians who had undergone mechanical valve replacement at a relatively younger age. We examined survival, valve-related events, and the QOL of octogenarians who had undergone mechanical valve replacement. A total of ...
Wang Ying-Nai - - 2012
Nuclear localization of multiple receptor-tyrosine kinases (RTKs), such as EGF receptor (EGFR), ErbB-2, FGF receptor (FGFR), and many others, has been reported by several groups. We previously showed that cell surface EGFR is trafficked to the nucleus through a retrograde pathway from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and ...
Kurtoglu Selim - - 2012
This study explores in a group of obese children and adolescents aged 10 to16 years, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) according to the criteria of International Diabetes Federation (IDF). In addition, the prevalence of insulin resistance (IR) was investigated to find correlations between MS and IR. IDF definition was compared ...
Jang Jung Hyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To investigate the incidence of and factors predisposing to consecutive esotropia after intermittent exotropia surgery, and to prevent the onset of consecutive esotropia. METHODS: We retrospectively surveyed 226 patients who had been followed up for more than 1 year after surgery for intermittent exotropia conducted between February 2005 and September ...
Kolb G F - - 2012
According to a model described by Balducci, the human myelopoietic stem cell reserve shows a shift from the reproductive to the proliferative pool corresponding to higher immunological demands resulting from the breakdown of infection defences. Every "hematopoietic stress," i.e., sepsis and/or cytoreductive chemotherapy, leads to a reduction of myelopoietic stem ...
McAndrew Sarah - - 2012
Background: Childhood obesity is reaching epidemic proportions and requires intervention. Aims: To educate high school (HS) students on the effects of obesity and implement small healthy changes. Train medical students to educate and motivate adolescents and utilize a modified team-based learning format. Methods: A medical student-created HS-based module was developed ...
Owen S A - - 2012
We investigated the effect of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning 10 methotrexate (MTX) pathway genes, namely AMPD1, ATIC, DHFR, FPGS, GGH, ITPA, MTHFD1, SHMT1, SLC19A1 (RFC) and TYMS on the outcome of MTX treatment in a UK rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient cohort. Tagging SNPs were selected and genotyping was performed in ...
Johannesdottir Fjola - - 2012
In a cross-sectional study we investigated the relationship between muscle and bone parameters in the mid-thigh in older people using data from a single axial computed tomographic section through the mid-thigh. Additionally, we studied the association of these variables with incident low-trauma lower limb fractures. A total of 3,762 older ...
Chang Chih-Hsien - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The OLINDA/EXM computer code was created as a replacement for the widely used MIRDOSE3 code for radiation dosimetry in nuclear medicine. A dosimetric analysis with these codes was performed to evaluate nanoliposomes as carriers of radionuclides ((188)Re-liposomes) in colon carcinoma-bearing mice. METHODS: Pharmacokinetic data for (188)Re-N, N-bis (2-mercaptoethyl)-N',N'-diethylethylenediamine ((188)Re-BMEDA) ...
Silva A A R - - 2012
Chresta martii (Asteraceae) is a plant found in the Xingó region (semi-arid area) in Northeastearn Brazil, and is recognized by the local population as a traditional herb used to treat gastric diseases. This is the first report of the chemical composition, acute toxicity, and gastroprotective effect in mice of the ...
Brosnan Mark J - - 2012
Enhanced performance upon the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has informed psychological theories of the non-social aspects that characterise ASD. The Extreme Male Brain theory of autism proposes that enhanced visual acuity underpins greater attention to detail (assessed by the EFT) which is a ...
Sanches Bv - - 2012
In this work, we evaluated whether embryo development and pregnancy rates would be affected by culturing bovine Bos indicus embryos in Synthetic Oviductal Fluid with amino acids (SOFaa) or G1/G2 sequential medium under a low-oxygen atmosphere. Using Ovum Pick Up, we obtained 1,538 oocytes, divided into G1/G2 (n = 783) and SOFaa ...
Ammirati Enrico - - 2012
Effective treatments for mutated transthyretin (TTR)-related cardiac amyloidosis are limited. Heart transplantation or combined liver-heart transplantation are the most successful options, although results rely on underline mechanism and systemic nature of the disease. In this report, we present the first case of a Caucasian patient with the p.Val122Ile mutated TTR-related ...
Belaid Imtinane - - 2012
Introduction. Primary small intestinal lymphoma (PSIL) is the second Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the digestive tract (after gastric NHL). Purpose. To evaluate during the past 28 years the epidemiological, anatomoclinical and therapeutic changes of PSIL in Tunisia through an acquired experience of more than a quarter of a century. Methods. Our ...
Ito Isao - - 2012
Oxaliplatin is effective in advanced colorectal cancer and is known to have relatively few side effects, such as hemolysis and renal toxicity. We report a case of acute kidney injury (AKI) after treatment with a combination of oxaliplatin, folinic acid and 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine. The patient developed acute renal failure, ...
DE Groot Sonja - - 2012
Aim  The aim of this study was to analyse the feasibility and reliability of the tests used to determine muscle strength, sprint power, and aerobic capacity in athletes and non-athletes with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods  Twenty individuals with spastic CP (four females, 16 males; age range 18-49y; Gross Motor Function ...
Murakami Hiroki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Poorly differentiated signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) and non signet-ring cell carcinoma (NSRCC) are prevalent histological subtypes of gastric cancers with distinct morphological features. To date, however, the molecular basis of their growth, differentiation, and metastasis still remains unclear, because of the limitation of available cell lines. METHODS: In the ...
Jiménez-Trigos E - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Taxol and Cytochalasin B on the spindle, chromosome configuration and development to blastocyst stage after parthenogenesis activation of in vivo matured rabbit oocytes after vitrification. Oocytes were randomized into four groups: oocytes treated with Cytochalasin B or Taxol before ...
Kropp Peter - - 2012
Cortical attention and habituation parameters are altered in patients suffering from tinnitus. The aim of the study was to quantify cortical attention and habituation parameters in tinnitus patients by recording the contingent negative variation (CNV) response and to correlate amplitudes of different CNV parameters with duration of disease. Twenty patients ...
Kharissova Oxana V - - 2012
Using molecular mechanics (MM+), semi-empirical (PM6) and density functional theory (DFT) (B3LYP) methods we characterized bismuth nanotubes. In addition, we predicted the bismuth clusters {Bi(20)(C(5V)), Bi(24)(C(6v)), Bi(28)(C(1)), B(32)(D(3H)), Bi(60)(C(I))} and calculated their conductor properties.
Skarbnik Alan P Z - - 2012
Brentuximab vedotin , a novel anti-CD30 antibody-drug conjugate, delivers a cytotoxic agent into CD30(+) cells. CD30 expression is characteristic of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We reviewed data on brentuximab vedotin, focusing on ALCL and discuss pharmacology, clinical trials leading to approval and future research directions. ...
Becker Valentin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is still challenging. Recently a diagnostic device for pH values in the aerosolized environment of the pharynx has been introduced (Dx-pH). We evaluated results of Dx-pH with objective criteria of pH/impedance monitoring (MII) and subjective reflux scoring systems and assessed day-to-day variability. DESIGN: This ...
Cundy Tim - - 2012
"Osteogenesis imperfecta" is a term used to describe a group of genetic disorders of variable phenotype usually defined by recurrent fractures, low bone mass, and skeletal fragility. Most cases are associated with mutations in one of the type I collagen genes, but in recent years several other forms have been ...
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