Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 5078
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Akin Hakan - - 2012
This study evaluated the effect of various surface treatments on the tensile bond strength of a silicone-based soft denture liner to two chemically different denture base resins, heat-cured polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), and light-activated urethane dimethacrylate or Eclipse denture base resin. PMMA test specimens were fabricated and relined with a silicone-based ...
Cady Roger K - - 2012
This article explores possible relationships between migraine, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), celiac disease (CD), and gluten sensitivity. These seemingly distinct medical entities curiously share many common epidemiological, psychosocial, and pathophysiological similarities. Considerable evidence is emerging to support a concept that experiencing significant threatening adverse events creates a state of hypervigilance ...
Kim Hokwon - - 2012
Synthesis of a wafer-scale single crystal graphene remains a challenge towards the utilization of its intrinsic properties in electronics. Until now, the large-area chemical vapor deposition of graphene has yielded a polycrystalline material, where grain boundaries are detrimental to its electrical properties. Here, we study the physicochemical mechanisms underlying the ...
Kim Beob Soo - - 2012
Decellularized human extracellular matrices (ECMs) are an extremely appealing biomaterial for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In this study, we decellularized human adipose tissue, fabricated a thin ECM sheet and explored the potential of this human adipose-derived ECM sheet as a substrate to support the formation of tissues other than ...
Guddati Achuta K - - 2012
Primary lung adenocarcinoma is a rare entity in the pediatric population, especially in the absence of an underlying congenital pulmonary airway malformation. Primary lung malignancies in pediatric patients are rare and constitute 0.2 % of all childhood malignancies. EGFR mutations and congenital airway malformations have been identified as etiological factors in ...
Gonnelli Giulia - - 2012
Proteomics research has taken up an increasingly important role in life sciences over the past few years. Due to a strong push from publishers and funders alike, the community has also started to freely share its data in earnest, making use of public repositories such as the highly popular PRIDE ...
Voisin Pierre - - 2012
The chicken retina contains five visual photoreceptor subtypes, based on the specific opsin gene they express. In addition to the central role they play in vision, some or all of these photoreceptors translate photoperiodic information into a day-night rhythm of melatonin production. This indolic hormone plays an important role in ...
Kulić Zarko - - 2012
Neurolin is a member of the superfamily of immunoglobulin-like cell surface receptors. It is essential during neuronal development in the model organism Carassius auratus (goldfish) and involved in the guidance of the growing axon. Among the five extracellular immunoglobulin (Ig) domains, the second Ig domain is crucial for axon pathfinding. ...
Delavenne Xavier - - 2012
PURPOSE: Fondaparinux, a selective activator factor X (factor Xa) inhibitor, is effective and safe for preventing venous thromboembolism after major orthopaedic surgery (MOS) at the once-daily subcutaneous dose of 2.5 mg. As the drug is mainly eliminated by the kidneys, a reduced dosage (1.5 mg once daily) was developed for patients with ...
Bellwood David R - - 2012
The dynamic nature of coral reefs offers a rare opportunity to examine the response of ecosystems to disruption due to climate change. In 1998, the Great Barrier Reef experienced widespread coral bleaching and mortality. As a result, cryptobenthic fish assemblages underwent a dramatic phase-shift. Thirteen years, and up to 96 ...
Onouchi Yoshihiro - - 2012
We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Kawasaki disease in Japanese subjects using data from 428 individuals with Kawasaki disease (cases) and 3,379 controls genotyped at 473,803 SNPs. We validated the association results in two independent replication panels totaling 754 cases and 947 controls. We observed significant associations in ...
Kereiakes Dean J - - 2012
Aims: Recent reports have suggested susceptibility of novel thin-strut coronary stents to incur longitudinal stent deformation during or following deployment. This analysis assesses the incidence of longitudinal stent deformation in three stent platforms. Methods and results: Quantitative angiographic analysis (QCA) of 2,403 stents from the PERSEUS Workhorse (WH) and PLATINUM-WH ...
Shinjo Azusa - - 2012
PURPOSE: Perinatal outcomes were compared before and after changes in the treatment policy to improve the management for preterm PROM (pPROM). METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 99 cases of pPROM diagnosed between 27 and 34 weeks of gestation, which were managed according to the following two different protocols. Group ...
Gospin Tal A - - 2012
We report a case of congenital midaortic syndrome with bilateral renal artery atresia in a premature female neonate born by way of caesarean section secondary to acute onset of decreased fetal movement and polyhydramnios. The infant required cardiopulmonary resuscitation at birth, and initial echocardiogram exhibited normal intracardiac anatomy and mildly ...
Li Jun - - 2012
PURPOSE: To detect the expression levels of ubiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22) in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to correlate it with clinicopathologic and prognostic data. METHODS: The immunoreactivity of USP22 protein was analyzed in 157 pathologically characterized ESCC tissues by immunohistochemistry. All statistical analyses were performed with SPSS ...
Yang Maowei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intraosseous vessels play an important role in regeneration of bone. However, the anatomy of the intraosseous vessels in humans has not been clearly delineated due to inadequate method of stereoscopically investigating vessels surrounded by bone tissues. PURPOSE: This study was to investigate the feasibility of simple CT scanning with ...
Maryanovich Maria - - 2012
BID, a BH3-only BCL2 family member, functions in apoptosis as well as the DNA-damage response. Our previous data demonstrated that BID is an ATM effector acting to induce cell-cycle arrest and inhibition of apoptosis following DNA damage. Here we show that ATM-mediated BID phosphorylation plays an unexpected role in maintaining ...
Lin Li-Yan - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology. The laboratory findings before and after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in KD have been discussed, but the characteristics of IVIG therapy still are unclear. This study aimed to compare laboratory data from patients with KD and enterovirus (EV) infection to evaluate ...
Subiah Cassandra O - - 2012
Methamphetamine is a highly addictive stimulant drug whose illicit use and resultant addiction has become an alarming global phenomenon. The mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway has been shown to be fundamental to the establishment of addictive behaviour. This pathway, as part of the reward system of the brain, has also been shown ...
Gerullis H - - 2012
This phase II trial assessed temsirolimus, an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), as second-line therapy in patients with metastatic transitional carcinoma of the urothelium (TCCU) after failure of platinum containing therapy. From June/2009 to June/2011, we enrolled 15 patients in this trial. Primary endpoint was overall survival, as ...
Drohan P J - - 2012
Worldwide shale-gas development has the potential to cause substantial landscape disturbance. The northeastern U.S., specifically the Allegheny Plateau in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, and Kentucky, is experiencing rapid exploration. Using Pennsylvania as a proxy for regional development across the Plateau, we examine land cover change due to shale-gas exploration, with ...
Sankaranarayanan Kamatchi - - 2012
Hydrated phenylalanine ionic liquid (Phe-IL) has been used to solubilize myoglobin (Mb). Structural stability of Mb in Phe-IL analyzed using fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy shows that for low levels of hydration of Phe-IL there is a large red shift in the fluorescence emission wavelength and the protein transforms ...
Fluri David A - - 2012
We describe derivation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from terminally differentiated mouse cells in serum- and feeder-free stirred suspension cultures. Temporal analysis of global gene expression revealed high correlations between cells reprogrammed in suspension and cells reprogrammed in adhesion-dependent conditions. Suspension culture-reprogrammed iPSCs (SiPSCs) could be differentiated into all ...
Schmitt Emmanuelle - - 2012
Eukaryotic and archaeal translation initiation factor 2 (e/aIF2) is a heterotrimeric GTPase that has a crucial role in the selection of the correct start codon on messenger RNA. We report the 5-Å resolution crystal structure of the ternary complex formed by archaeal aIF2 from Sulfolobus solfataricus, the GTP analog GDPNP ...
Famaey Nele - - 2012
Robotic surgery is an attractive, minimally invasive and high precision alternative to conventional surgical procedures. However, it lacks the natural touch and force feedback that allows the surgeon to control safe tissue manipulation. This is an important problem in standard surgical procedures such as clamping, which might induce severe tissue ...
Gong Jun-Song - - 2012
Sevoflurane postconditioning has been proven to protect the hearts against ischemia/reperfusion injury, manifested mainly by improved cardiac function, reduced myocardial specific biomarker release, and decreased infarct size. This study is to observe the effects of sevoflurane postconditioning on reperfusion-induced ventricular arrhythmias and reactive oxygen species generation in Langendorff perfused rat ...
Amini Samira - - 2012
Mechanical environment is one of the regulating factors involved in the process of longitudinal bone growth. Non-physiological compressive loading can lead to infantile and juvenile musculoskeletal deformities particularly during growth spurt. We hypothesized that tissue mechanical behavior in sub-regions (reserve, proliferative and hypertrophic zones) of the growth plate is related ...
Iacobellis C - - 2012
This study examines 32 patients operated for radial head fractures, mean age 48.7 years (range 26-76 years), Mason type II in 25 cases and Mason type III with 3 main fragments in 7 cases. Fractures were surgically reduced and fixed with Herbert's (12 cases) or Osteomed (20 cases) cannulated screws. The latter ...
Juffmann Thomas - - 2012
The observation of interference patterns in double-slit experiments with massive particles is generally regarded as the ultimate demonstration of the quantum nature of these objects. Such matter-wave interference has been observed for electrons, neutrons, atoms and molecules and, in contrast to classical physics, quantum interference can be observed when single ...
Knobloch K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Sustainable and durable soft tissue coverage at the lower extremity following trauma, tumor resections, sequelae of radiation therapy or osteomyelitis using free latissimus dorsi muscle transfer is provided by a free latissimus dorsi muscle flap. INDICATIONS: Soft tissue defects at the lower extremity following trauma, tumor resections, and sequelae ...
Yamagishi Takahiro - - 2012
Trichocysts are ejectile organelles found in cryptomonads, dinoflagellates, and peniculine ciliates. The fine structure of trichocysts differs considerably among lineages, and their evolutionary relationships are unclear. The biochemical makeup of the trichocyst constituents has been studied in the ciliate Paramecium, but there have been no investigations of cryptomonads and dinoflagellates. ...
Zhou Hui - - 2012
To set up a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model of cyclosporine A (CsA) in Chinese allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) patients to provide reference for individualized medication in clinical practice. 281 trough plasma concentrations of CsA and covariates such as demographics, clinical laboratory values and coadministration were retrospectively collected from ...
Moult Eric - - 2012
PURPOSE: In prostate brachytherapy, intraoperative dosimetry would allow for evaluation of the implant quality while the patient is still in treatment position. Such a mechanism, however, requires 3-D visualization of the deposited seeds relative to the prostate. It follows that accurate and robust seed segmentation is of critical importance in ...
Ekici Aydanur - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) responses between snorers and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may be different. Thus, we compared the MMPI responses between snorers and OSA. DESIGN: A clinical-based cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: This is a survey of 94 treatment-naive sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) subjects. METHOD: Clinical information, body mass ...
Zhang Li - - 2012
Spy1, a member of the Speedy/RINGO family, is a novel activator of cyclin-dependent kinases known to mediate cell cycle progression and cell survival in response to DNA damage. This study focused on the role of Spy1 in glioma oncogenesis. Immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis were performed to examine the expression ...
Leonida A - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow are a recent source for tissue engineering. Several studies have shown that low-level laser irradiation has numerous biostimulating effects. The purpose of this trial was to evaluate the effects of Nd:Yag laser irradiation on proliferation and differentiation of MSCs induced into the osteoblastic ...
Wang Mingxing - - 2012
Hyperbranched poly(ester amine)s (PEAs) were successfully synthesized by Michael addition reaction between Tris[2-(acryloyloxy)ethyl]isocyanurate (TAEI) and low-molecular-weight polyethylenimine (LPEI, Mw 0.8k, 1.2k and 2.0k) and evaluated in vitro and in vivo as gene carriers. PEAs effectively condensed plasmid DNA with particle sizes below 200 nm and surface charges between 11.5-33.5 mV ...
Hohl Michael - - 2012
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters shuttle a wide variety of molecules across cell membranes by alternating between inward- and outward-facing conformations, harnessing the energy of ATP binding and hydrolysis at their nucleotide binding domains (NBDs). Here we present the 2.9-Å crystal structure of the heterodimeric ABC transporter TM287-TM288 (TM287/288) from Thermotoga ...
Alter Peter - - 2012
Although echocardiography remains the standard diagnostic tool for identifying pericardial diseases, procedures with better delineation of morphology and heart function are often required. The pericardium consists of an inner visceral (epicardium) and outer parietal layer (pericardium), which constitute for the pericardial cavity. Pericardial effusion can occur as transudate, exudate, pyopneumopericardium, ...
Eberst-Ledoux Julie - - 2012
To determine the forms and characteristics of rheumatic diseases whose initial presentation mimics septic arthritis. Retrospective study of 398 patients hospitalized between 1979 and 2005 for arthritis diagnosed and treated as septic. In 10 cases, initial presentation of a rheumatic disease was highly suggestive of septic arthritis, and the patient ...
Funaki Ayumu - - 2012
With the wide dissemination of computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer, measuring the nodule volume accurately with computer-aided volumetry software is increasingly important. Many studies for determining the accuracy of volumetry software have been performed using a phantom with artificial nodules. These phantom studies are limited, however, in their ...
Chrysant Steven G - - 2012
The hypothesis that angiotensin II (Ang II) might have a stroke-protective role was first proposed by Brown and Brown about 25 years ago. Their hypothesis was generated from the results of the first Medical Research Council trial in patients with mild to moderate hypertension, which showed that patients treated with the ...
Itoh Yoshiharu - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In hemodialysis (HD) patients, some protein-bound uremic toxins are considered to be associated with CVD. However, it is not yet known which uremic toxins are important in terms of endothelial toxicity. Serum samples were obtained from 45 HD ...
Brunner Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The Humerusblock NG represents a new semi-rigid angular stable fixation device for minimally invasive stabilization of proximal humeral fractures. This study evaluates the function and stability of the Humerusblock NG and its biomechanical properties on the basis of two different fracture models under cyclic loading. METHODS: Six fresh frozen ...
Guédon Constant M - - 2012
As the dimensions of a conductor approach the nanoscale, quantum effects begin to dominate, and it becomes possible to control the conductance through direct manipulation of the electron wavefunction. Such control has been demonstrated in various mesoscopic devices at cryogenic temperatures, but it has proved to be difficult to exert ...
Royer Sébastien - - 2012
A consortium of inhibitory neurons control the firing patterns of pyramidal cells, but their specific roles in the behaving animal are largely unknown. We performed simultaneous physiological recordings and optogenetic silencing of either perisomatic (parvalbumin (PV) expressing) or dendrite-targeting (somatostatin (SOM) expressing) interneurons in hippocampal area CA1 of head-fixed mice ...
Förster Dominique - - 2012
Although many organ functions rely on epithelial tubes with correct dimensions, mechanisms underlying tube size control are poorly understood. We analyse the cellular mechanism of tracheal tube elongation in Drosophila, and describe an essential role of the conserved tyrosine kinase Src42A in this process. We show that Src42A is required ...
Morris Katrina - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis is the most common cause of disability in young people in the Western world. Reduced life expectancy and worsening quality of life due to increasing disability later in the disease course have significant personal and societal costs. Changes in treatment strategies and newly available treatments hope to improve ...
Mynard Jonathan P - - 2012
Separating pressure, flow/velocity and wave intensity signals into forward and backward components provide insights about arterial wave propagation and reflection. A linear wave separation is normally used, but ignores the pressure-dependence of wave speed. While a non-linear separation could incorporate this pressure-dependence, no such method exists for wave intensity decomposition. ...
Higgins Angela - - 2012
Purpose The increasing impact and costs of long term sickness absence have been well documented. However, the diversity and complexity of interventions and of the contexts in which these take place makes a traditional review problematic. Therefore, we undertook a systematic realist review to identify the dominant programme theories underlying ...
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