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Palmiero Massimiliano - - 2012
In these last years, creativity was found to play an important role for dementia patients in terms of diagnosis and rehabilitation strategies. This led us to explore the relationships between dementia and creativity. At the aim, artistic creativity and divergent thinking are considered both in non-artists and artists affected by ...
Wu Jinglong - - 2012
Retinotopic mapping is a key property of organization in the human occipital cortex. The retinotopic organization of the central visual field of visual areas V1, V2, and V3 has been well established. We used fMRI to measure the retinotopic map of the peripheral visual field (eccentricity up to 60°). We ...
Wilmanns C - - 2012
Cancer metastasis results from positive and negative cellular events such as constitutive activation of oncogenes (cOA) or genetic losses (GL) being modulated by downstream signals of epithelial-mesenchymal or mesenchymal-epithelial transition, thus constituting master programs of metastatic phenotype and site specificity. To address the complex nature of these programs, we introduced ...
Aggeli C - - 2012
Contrast echocardiography represents a major technological advancement in the constantly evolving field of cardiovascular imaging. Over the last twenty years numerous studies have been published, illustrating the incremental value of contrast implementation into a variety of clinical scenarios. However, serious concerns have been raised about contrast safety profile, mainly based ...
Shen Zhanlong - - 2012
Accumulating evidence suggests that TAMs contribute to tumor progression. Recently, vasohibin-1 and vasohibin-2 were detected in endothelial cells and considered as intrinsic angiogenesis inhibitors. However, it is not known whether they are also expressed in cancer cells or tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Realtime RT-PCR was used to investigate the vasohibin-1 and ...
Hua Ye - - 2012
ABSTRACT Backgroud: The association between cystatin C(CST3) gene (rs1064039) 73G/A polymorphism and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is controversial. The objective of the study was to investigate the possible association between CST3 73G/A polymorphism and AD. Method: We performed a meta-analysis pooling data from all relevant studies including 2,410 cases and 2,539 ...
Highfield Wesley E - - 2012
As early as the passage of the 1972 Federal Water Pollution Control Act the U.S. government has sought to protect the nation's water resources through regulatory tools. While there has been a large amount of research on wetlands and wetland mitigation, very little is known about the impact of Section 404 ...
Mehrotra Devan V - - 2012
Consider a typical two-treatment randomized clinical trial involving a time-to-event endpoint, with randomization stratified by a categorical prognostic factor (for example gender). At the design stage, it is often assumed that the treatment hazard ratio (HR) is constant across the strata, and the data are commonly analyzed using the stratified ...
Singh-Pant P - - 2012
Old World, monopartite begomoviruses associated with satellite DNA β were observed in papaya showing symptoms of leaf curl disease sampled randomly over five years from within a radius of 250 km in north-central India. Three groups of DNA A sequences were evident. One group resembled chili leaf curl virus infecting tomatoes ...
Friedrich Jan O - - 2012
Meta-analyses pooling continuous outcomes can use mean differences (MD), standardized MD (MD in pooled standard deviation units, SMD), or ratio of arithmetic means (RoM). Recently, ratio of geometric means using ad hoc (RoGM (ad hoc) ) or Taylor series (RoGM (Taylor) ) methods for estimating variances have been proposed as alternative ...
Shibasaki Masayuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: Endotracheal tube intra-cuff pressure should be maintained between 20 and 30 cmH(2)O to prevent damage to the tracheal wall. However, cuff pressure is rarely measured, and clinicians estimate cuff pressure poorly. The goal of the present study was to predict the cuff volume that produces optimal cuff pressure either from ...
Joshi Anagha - - 2012
RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are core regulators of mRNA transcript stability and translation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes alike. Genome-wide studies in yeast have shown intriguing relations between the expression dynamics of RBPs, the structure of post-transcriptional regulatory networks of RBP-mRNA binding interactions and noise reduction in post-transcriptionally regulated expression profiles. Here ...
Luís Luís G - - 2012
The short-term (96 h) toxic effects of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), naphthalene (NAP) and pyrene (PYR), on the common prawn (Palaemon serratus) were investigated in laboratory bioassays, including a fitness related assay based on the post-exposure swimming velocity. Other effect criteria were biomarkers of neurotoxicity, oxidative stress and bioenergetics, and ...
Celik Melda - - 2012
To cite this article: Celik M, Tuncer A, Soyer OU, Saçkesen C, Tanju Besler H, Kalayci O. Oxidative stress in the airways of children with asthma and allergic rhinitis. Pediatric Allergy Immunology 2012: 00.. ABSTRACT: Introduction:  Even though it is well known that oxidant stress plays an important role in ...
Grov Ellen Karine - - 2012
Objective:Cancer affects both patients and their caregivers. Caregiver burden may change during different stages of the patients' cancer trajectory. Limited research has focused on the impact of being a caregiver, assessed by the caregiver's mental health and quality of life (QOL) during the curative and the palliative phases of the ...
Hirdes John P - - 2012
Objective:This study examines predictors of caregiver distress among community-based palliative care clients. Analyses are based upon interRAI Palliative Care (interRAI PC) assessment data from palliative home care programs in three regions in Ontario, Canada.Method:The study sample involved all community-based palliative care clients in Ontario who were assessed with the interRAI ...
Surman Craig B H - - 2012
Objectives. Available pharmacotherapies treat some adults with ADHD inadequately. A small literature suggests that glutamate modulation could have effects on ADHD. Methods. Memantine, an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, was titrated to a maximum dose of 10 mg BID in 34 adult subjects aged 18-55 who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD ...
Nash Justin M - - 2012
The Association of Psychologists in Academic Health Centers (APAHC) convened its 5th National APAHC Conference in Boston March 3-5 2011. The conference and its theme, "Preparing Psychologists for a Rapidly Changing Health Care Environment," brought psychologists from academic health centers together to examine how psychology can adapt to and help ...
Kang Seong-Il - - 2012
Sinensetin is a rare polymethoxylated flavone found in certain citrus fruits. In this study, we investigated the effects of sinensetin on lipid metabolism in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Sinensetin decreased the expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP1c), suggesting its antiadipogeneic property via downreguation of SREBP1c. Also, sinensetin increased the ...
Mishchenko Yuriy - - 2012
In recent years, the problem of reconstructing the connectivity in large neural circuits ("connectomics") has re-emerged as one of the main objectives of neuroscience. Classically, reconstructions of neural connectivity have been approached anatomically, using electron or light microscopy and histological tracing methods. This paper describes a statistical approach for connectivity ...
Vuaden Fernanda Cenci - - 2012
Hypermethioninemic patients exhibit a variable degree of neurological dysfunction. However, the mechanisms involved in these alterations have not been completely clarified. Cholinergic system has been implicated in many physiological processes, including cognitive performances, as learning, and memory. Parameters of cholinergic signaling have already been characterized in zebrafish brain. Since zebrafish ...
Ausania F - - 2012
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now one of the most frequently performed abdominal surgical procedures in the world. The most common major complication is bile duct injury, which can have catastrophic repercussions for patients and it has been suggested that intraoperative cholangiography may reduce the rate of bile duct injury. Whether this ...
Balestre Marcio - - 2012
Pleiotropy has played an important role in understanding quantitative traits. However, the extensiveness of this effect in the genome and its consequences for plant improvement have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to identify pleiotropic quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in maize using Bayesian multiple interval mapping. ...
Wang Lianwen - - 2012
A comprehensive examination of the kinetic liquid model (Wang et al 2010 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 455104) is carried out by fitting the structural relaxation time of 26 different glass-forming liquids in a wide temperature range, including most of the well-studied materials. Careful analysis of the compiled reported data reveals ...
Phillips B Allyson - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial differences among obese pediatric patients, particularly those who are "extremely obese" as compared to "obese." Information was collected for 249 subjects at a multidisciplinary treatment clinic for obese youth. A battery of measures was administered and demographic data and height/weight ...
Xiong Zhigang - - 2012
Anatase TiO2 with specifically exposed facets has been extensively studied for maximizing its photocatalytic activity. However, most previous preparation methods involve high-pressure processing and corrosive chemicals. Few works have been conducted on hierarchical composite nanostructures assembled from well-defined TiO2 nanocrystals. Here, we report a facile method for the preparation of ...
Hongoh Sachiko - - 2012
An 82-year-old woman presented to our hospital in April 2009 complaining of sensations of a descending bladder and residual urine, and frequent urination. She had given birth to two children. She had undergone simple total hysterectomy for uterine myoma at another hospital in 1974 and anterior colporrhaphy for anterior vaginal ...
Delabarde Claire - - 2012
Supercritical carbon dioxide processing of poly-L: -lactide (PLLA)/hydroxyapatite (nHA) nanocomposites was investigated as a means to prepare foams suitable as scaffolds in bone tissue engineering applications. For given foaming parameters, addition of nHA to the PLLA gave reduced cell sizes and improved homogeneity in the size distribution, but did not ...
Valencia-Morales María Del Pilar - - 2012
Polycomb group (PcG) and trithorax group (trxG) proteins are key regulators of homeotic genes and have central roles in cell proliferation, growth and development. In animals, PcG and trxG proteins form higher order protein complexes that contain SET domain proteins with histone methyltransferase activity, and are responsible for the different ...
Van Dongen Stefan - - 2012
Theory predicts that if particular morphological features correlate with "genetic" quality-i.e., mating with individuals bearing those characteristics increases fitness-selection favors preferences for these features. Both developmental instability (DI)-which emerges morphologically as small random deviations from perfect symmetry, i.e., fluctuating asymmetry (FA)-and sexually dimorphic traits due to variation in sex hormones, ...
Baben Moritz To - - 2012
To identify the origin of the experimentally observed nitrogen over- and understoichiometry in TiAlN thin films, various point defect configurations were studied by ab initio calculations in terms of formation energies, equilibrium volume and elastic moduli. From formation energies and comparison to existing experimental equilibrium volume and elasticity data, it ...
Taki Yasuyuki - - 2012
In this study, we examined linear and curvilinear correlations of fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), and white matter volume with age by using brain structural and diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a large number of healthy children and voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and region-of-interest (ROI) analyses. We collected data ...
Zaccagnino Patrizia - - 2012
2-Arachidonoylglicerol (2-AG) is an endocannabinoid that mimics the pharmacological effects of Δ(9) tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive component of the plant Cannabis sativa. It is present in many mammalian tissues, such as brain, liver, spleen, heart and kidney, where it exerts different biological effects either receptor mediated or independently of receptor activation. ...
Di Martino Alberto - - 2012
Abstract: Background: Spinal infections are an important clinical problem that often require aggressive medical therapy, and sometimes even surgery. Known risk factors are advanced age, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, immunosuppression, alcoholism, long-term steroid use, concomitant infections, poly-trauma, malignant tumor, and previous surgery or invasive procedures (discography, chemonucleolysis, and surgical procedures ...
Fulgenzi Alessandro - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive disease of the central nervous system (CNS) provoking disability and neurological symptoms. The exact causes of SM are unknown, even if it is characterized by focal inflammatory lesions in CNS accompanied by autoimmune reaction against myelin. Indeed, many drugs able to modulate the ...
Loughlin Santiago Mc - - 2012
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors have consistently demonstrated a relative risk reduction of death and myocardial infarction ranging between 29 and 35%. Nevertheless, in spite of significant improvement in prevention, cardiovascular disease remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. This significant residual risk observed in approximately 70% of ...
Taki Yasuyuki - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze correlations among the annual rate of gray matter volume change, age, gender, and cerebrovascular risk factors in 381 healthy community-dwelling subjects with a large age range by applying a longitudinal design over 6 years using brain magnetic resonance images (MRIs). Brain MRI ...
Iwai Ryosuke - - 2012
A poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate) (PDMAEMA) homopolymer with both thermoresponsive and cationic characteristics was applied to a vector for use in deposition transfection. PDMAEMA with a molecular weight of 2.5 × 105 g mol-1 was synthesized by photo-induced radical polymerization. Polyplexes approximately 750 nm in size were formed by mixing PDMAEMA with luciferase-encoding ...
Fávaro-Moreira N C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) receives rich sympathetic innervations that may contribute to TMJ pain through the local release of sympathomimetic amines. The aim of this study was to determine whether blockade of β-adrenoceptors in the TMJ of male and female rats reduces formalin-induced TMJ nociceptive behaviour. METHODS: We co-administrated each ...
Shin Junsoo - - 2012
We report on a low-cost, innovative approach for synthesizing prepatterned, magnetic nanostructures, the shapes and dimensions of which can be easily tuned to meet requirements for next-generation data storage technology. The magnetic nanostructures consist of self-assembled Co nanodots and nanowires embedded in yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) matrices. The controllable size and ...
Ponholzer A - - 2012
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is increasingly linked to coronary heart disease risk. Aim of this study was to test the hypothesis whether this association is due to penile atherosclerosis. We evaluated the prevalence and severity of penile atherosclerosis in relation to coronary and peripheral atherosclerosis. Between January and June 2010, a ...
Shah A - - 2012
Granulomatous slack skin (GSS) is a rare cutaneous disorder characterized by the evolution of circumscribed erythematous loose skin masses, especially in the body folds, and histologically by a loss of elastic fibers and granulomatous T-cell infiltrates. This disease is often associated with preceding or successive lymphoproliferative malignancies, especially Mycosis Fungoides ...
Tu C-S - - 2012
In situ temperature-dependent micro-Raman scattering and x-ray diffraction have been performed to study atomic vibration, lattice parameter and structural transition of proton-conducting Ba(Zr(0.8-x)Ce(x)Y (0.2))O(2.9) (BZCY) ceramics (x = 0.0-0.8) synthesized by the glycine-nitrate combustion process. The Raman vibrations have been identified and their frequencies increase with decreasing x as the heavier Ce(4+) ...
Melchionna Roberta - - 2012
We aimed at identifying novel regulators of skin wound healing (WH), in an epidermal scratch WH assay, by a small interfering RNA (siRNA) silencing approach. Several transcription factors have been previously reported to affect wound repair. We here show that gene silencing of the transcription factor CAAT enhancer-binding protein γ ...
Draisci G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To investigate changes in heat pain threshold and modifications in heat pain processing during pregnancy and labour, seventy-six nulliparous pregnant women were enrolled in two studies. METHODS: In the first study (psychophysical), 60 pregnant women underwent a quantitative sensory testing (QST) investigating heat perception in two body areas (right ...
Apostol Laura Carmen - - 2012
Biodegradation of a xanthene dyes was investigated for the first time using anaerobic granular sludge. On a first screening, biomass was able to decolorize, at different extents, six azo dye solutions: acid orange 7, direct black 19, direct blue 71, mordant yellow 10, reactive red 2 and reactive red 120 ...
Brož P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intradermal skin testing of the clinically important antibiotics ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin, and rifampicin in the case of suspected allergies to antibiotics is poorly standardized. For clinical practice, standardized procedures and protocols are desired. METHODS: Fifteen healthy volunteers were tested with different concentrations of the antibiotics as well as with appropriate ...
Dasgupta Subhankar - - 2012
Aims:  The aim of this study was to evaluate whether prophylactic magnesium sulfate given in women with mild preeclampsia or gestational hypertension brings any significant change in umbilical artery and fetal middle cerebral artery pulsatility index. Material and Methods:  Forty-eight women with gestational age greater than 34 weeks with mild preeclampsia ...
Bay-Larsen Ingrid - - 2012
This paper examines the perception and implementation of scientific knowledge among Norwegian environmental bureaucrats in the process of preserving biodiversity. Based on interviews with environmental officials and scientists, and document studies, the data reveal a mismatch between the ideal administrative world presented by environmental managers, and the empirical reality of ...
Duggan Eileen M - - 2012
To cite this article: Duggan EM, Sturley J, Fitzgerald AP, Perry IJ, Hourihane JO'B. The 2002-2007 trends of prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema in Irish schoolchildren. Pediatr Allergy Immunology 2012: 00. ABSTRACT: Background:  Irish adolescents have the third highest asthma prevalence in the world. Few data examine trends ...
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