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Persson Fredrik - - 2012
Stretching DNA in nanochannels is a useful tool for direct, visual studies of genomic DNA at the single molecule level. To facilitate the study of the interaction of linear DNA with proteins in nanochannels, we have implemented a highly effective passivation scheme based on lipid bilayers. We demonstrate virtually complete ...
Vermeer Louic S - - 2012
The alpha chemokine receptor CXCR4 is up-regulated in certain types of breast cancer. Truncation of the C-terminus of this receptor alters cell morphology and increases invasiveness and metastatic potential. Here, to better understand the effects of CXCR4 expression and truncation in breast cancer cells, we have used high resolution magic ...
Mackenzie Francesca F UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, 11-43 Bath Street, London, - - 2012
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) is best known for its essential roles in blood vessel growth. However, evidence has emerged that VEGF-A also promotes a wide range of neuronal functions, both in vitro and in vivo, including neurogenesis, neuronal migration, neuronal survival and axon guidance. Recent studies have employed ...
Macri F - - 2012
There is no absolute method of evaluating healing of a fracture of the tibial shaft. In this study we sought to validate a new clinical method based on the systematic observation of gait, first by assessing the degree of agreement between three independent observers regarding the gait score for a ...
Bourne Christina R - - 2012
Drug development programs have proven successful when performed at a whole cell level, thus incorporating solubility and permeability into the primary screen. However, linking those results to the target within the cell has been a major setback. The Phenotype Microarray system, marketed and sold by Biolog, seeks to address this ...
Cooper Saths - - 2012
This overview of psychology in South Africa presents a concise and historical account of its science and practice, from its early origins in the late nineteenth century to the present, and traces seminal influences on the discipline. It is a review of how psychology in South Africa developed over more ...
Benavente David - - 2012
Serum phosphate concentrations have been shown to predict graft loss in prevalent, but not incident, kidney transplant populations. The reasons for this are unknown. We investigated whether serum phosphate at 6 or 12 months posttransplant was associated with graft loss in the same cohort. Data were collected for 325 patients ...
Rowden N J - - 2012
We assessed the outcome of patients who were lost to follow-up after arthroplasty by a single surgeon. The aim was to validate the surgeon's data set with the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry and determine the outcome of those patients lost to follow-up. Prospective data on patient demographics, ...
Hickey B A - - 2012
As part of the national initiative to reduce waiting times for joint replacement surgery in Wales, the Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust referred 224 patients to the NHS Treatment Centre in Weston-Super-Mare for total knee replacement (TKR). A total of 258 Kinemax TKRs were performed between November 2004 and August ...
Birch R - - 2012
The outcomes of 261 nerve injuries in 100 patients were graded good in 173 cases (66%), fair in 70 (26.8%) and poor in 18 (6.9%) at the final review (median 28.4 months (1.3 to 64.2)). The initial grades for the 42 sutures and graft were 11 good, 14 fair and ...
Markl Michael - - 2012
We report the comprehensive evaluation of the complex hemodynamics in a rare case of a pediatric patient after repair of congenital heart disease with multiple abnormalities including hypoplastic left heart, double outlet right ventricle, transposition of great arteries, ventricular septal defect, aortic coarctation, and total cavopulmonary connection. Based on a ...
Birch R - - 2012
We describe 261 peripheral nerve injuries sustained in war by 100 consecutive service men and women injured in Iraq and Afghanistan. Their mean age was 26.5 years (18.1 to 42.6), the median interval between injury and first review was 4.2 months (mean 8.4 months (0.36 to 48.49)) and median follow-up ...
Yoshioka Hiroshi - - 2012
Due to their small size and complex structure, diagnosing injury of the proximal wrist ligamentous structures can be challenging. The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is an example of one such structure, for which lesions may be missed unless high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) obtained via a standard matrix with a ...
Morténius Helena - - 2012
AimTo evaluate the long-term utilisation of strategic communication as a factor of importance when changing work practices among primary care staff. BACKGROUND: In many health care organisations, there is a gap between theory and practice. This gap hinders the provision of optimal evidence-based practice and, in the long term, is ...
Sanada Yukihiro - - 2012
Nonanastomotic biliary stricture is generally considered the most troublesome biliary complication after liver transplant. Nonanastomotic biliary stricture owing to immunologic cholangiopathy (such as acute cellular rejection) has not been reported. We describe 2 patients with the co-occurrence of nonanastomotic biliary stricture and acute cellular rejection after pediatric live-donor liver transplant. ...
Goldberg A J - - 2012
With the established success of the National Joint Registry and the emergence of a range of new national initiatives for the capture of electronic data in the National Health Service, orthopaedic surgery in the United Kingdom has found itself thrust to the forefront of an information revolution. In this review ...
Pendegrass C J - - 2012
The success of long-term transcutaneous implants depends on dermal attachment to prevent downgrowth of the epithelium and infection. Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings and fibronectin (Fn) have independently been shown to regulate fibroblast activity and improve attachment. In an attempt to enhance this phenomenon we adsorbed Fn onto HA-coated substrates. Our study ...
Sridhar M S - - 2012
Given the growing prevalence of obesity around the world and its association with osteoarthritis of the knee, orthopaedic surgeons need to be familiar with the management of the obese patient with degenerative knee pain. The precise mechanism by which obesity leads to osteoarthritis remains unknown, but is likely to be ...
Evenson Mallorie - - 2012
: To describe women's recovery and pain control during the first 6 weeks after hospital discharge after gynecologic surgery and estimate the prevalence of inadequate pain control during the first 2 weeks of home recovery after abdominal compared with vaginal gynecologic surgery. : Participants, women without chronic pelvic pain undergoing ...
Ferguson R Matthew - - 2012
Magnetic particle imaging (MPI) uses safe iron oxide nanoparticle tracers to offer fundamentally new capabilities for medical imaging, in applications as vascular imaging and ultra-sensitive cancer therapeutics. MPI is perhaps the first medical imaging platform to intrinsically exploit nanoscale material properties. MPI tracers contain magnetic nanoparticles whose tunable, size-dependent magnetic ...
Mehand Massinissa Si - - 2012
Surface plasmon resonance-based biosensors are now acknowledged as robust and reliable instruments to determine the kinetic parameters related to the interactions between biomolecules. These kinetic parameters are used in screening campaigns: there is a considerable interest in reducing the experimental time, thus improving the throughput of the surface plasmon resonance ...
Luo Ming - - 2012
Preemptive renal transplant has been associated with better survival of both the allograft and the recipient than has conventional renal transplant. It remains unclear, however, whether preemptive transplant is optimal for renal replacement therapy. We describe our experience with preemptive renal transplant. We retrospectively analyzed 32 preemptive and 132 nonpreemptive ...
Merle C - - 2012
The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to identify any difference in femoral offset as measured on pre-operative anteroposterior (AP) radiographs of the pelvis, AP radiographs of the hip and corresponding CT scans in a consecutive series of 100 patients with primary end-stage osteoarthritis of the hip (43 men ...
Metzger David E - - 2012
Pancreatic β-cells arise from Ngn3(+) endocrine progenitors within the trunk epithelium of the embryonic pancreas. The emergence of endocrine cells requires E-cadherin downregulation, but the crucial steps that elicit such are not clear, yet probably important for ultimately being able to efficiently generate β-cells de novo from stem cells. Grg3 ...
Moran C G - - 2012
There have been many advances in the resuscitation and early management of patients with severe injuries during the last decade. These have come about as a result of the reorganisation of civilian trauma services in countries such as Germany, Australia and the United States, where the development of trauma systems ...
Song S H - - 2012
This study evaluated the effect of limb lengthening on longitudinal growth in patients with achondroplasia. Growth of the lower extremity was assessed retrospectively by serial radiographs in 35 skeletally immature patients with achondroplasia who underwent bilateral limb lengthening (Group 1), and in 12 skeletally immature patients with achondroplasia who did ...
Valerio Luis G LG - - 2012
In silico predictive methods are well-known tools to the drug discovery process. In recent years, these tools have become of strategic interest to regulatory authorities to support risk-based approaches and to complement, and potentially strengthen evidence when considering product quality and safety of human pharmaceuticals. This editorial reviews how chemically ...
Gong Weihua - - 2012
The murine cervical heterotopic heart transplant model was initially designed to test the immune response to third-party allografts, modified by cuff techniques. While cuff techniques simplify the execution of this procedure, cutting of the carotid artery and the external jugular vein alters the blood supply to central nervous system and ...
Wallenstein Michelle R - - 2012
: To estimate the influence of surgical volume on outcome and resource utilization for laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign indications. : Patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy from 2000 to 2010 and recorded in a commercial database were analyzed. Patients were stratified into tertiles according to the number of procedures performed by ...
Culligan Patrick J - - 2012
Although surgical management of symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is common and often necessary, conservative treatments such as pessaries, pelvic floor muscle training, or both can usually result in symptomatic improvement. When treating patients with POP, health care practitioners should focus primarily on identification and alleviation of POP-related symptoms. It ...
Halyard Michele Y - - 2012
Despite the success of both breast conserving surgery and mastectomy, some women will experience a local-regional recurrence (LRR) of their breast cancer. Predictors for LRR after breast-conserving therapy or mastectomy have been identified, including patient, tumor, and treatment-related factors. The role of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy as treatment has evolved ...
Garcia Garcia Guillermo - - 2012
World Kidney Day on March 8th 2012 provides a chance to reflect on the success of kidney transplantation as a therapy for end stage kidney disease that surpasses dialysis treatments both for the quality and quantity of life that it provides and for its cost effectiveness. Anything that is both ...
Quartey Benjamin - - 2012
Although acute appendicitis is common, reported cases after orthotopic liver transplant are rare. A 29-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with right lower-quadrant pain and mild leukocytosis 2 years after having a liver transplant. A computed tomography scan revealed an inflamed appendix. On operation, an injected appendix was noted, ...
Malviya A - - 2012
The benefit of arthroscopy of the hip in the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in terms of quality of life (QoL) has not been reported. We prospectively collected data on 612 patients (257 women (42%) and 355 men (58%)) with a mean age at the time of surgery of 36.7 ...
Weaver John B - - 2012
Magnetic nanoparticles have many diagnostic and therapeutic applications. A method termed magnetic spectroscopy of nanoparticle Brownian motion (MSB) was developed to interrogate in vivo the microscopic environment surrounding magnetic nanoparticles. We can monitor several effects that are important in thermal therapy and screening including temperature measurement and the bound state ...
Hansbury Eileen N - - 2012
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) using human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donors can be curative for children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). However, minimal data exist regarding availability of HLA-identical matched siblings for transplant-eligible children, and family interest in pursuing transplantation. We retrospectively analyzed a pediatric SCA cohort receiving chronic transfusions ...
Jeon I-H - - 2012
The zona conoidea comprises the area of the lateral trochlear ridge of the humerus. The purpose of this study is to reintroduce this term 'zona conoidea' to the discussion of the human elbow and to investigate its significance in the development of osteoarthritis of the elbow. The upper extremities of ...
Li Sonia P - - 2012
There is an increasing awareness that the evaluation of tumor response to oncologic treatments based solely on anatomic imaging assessments face many limitations, particularly in this era of novel biologic targeted therapies. Functional imaging techniques such as diffusion-weighted (DW) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have the ability ...
Manthorpe Jill - - 2012
AimTo understand the effects of Nurse Case Managers (NCMs) working in primary care in the English National Health Service (NHS) from multiple perspectives and how this new role impacts on social workers, this paper reports and discusses findings from a multi-level study of the role of NCMs working in primary ...
Kwon Hyeok H Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Namku, Taegu, - - 2012
We report here on a patient with intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), who showed unusually delayed motor recovery of the leg, which started at 6 months after ICH onset. A 53-year-old man underwent craniotomy and drainage for a right putaminal ICH. The patient presented with complete paralysis of the left extremities at ...
Yosry Ayman - - 2012
To analyze the effect of human leukocyte antigen tissue typing on outcome of live-donor liver transplant. Fifty recipients underwent live-donor liver transplant in the Dar Al-Fouad Hospital in Egypt and were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were classified into 2 groups: those with human leukocyte antigen +ve, and those with human leukocyte ...
El Helali Najoua - - 2012
: To estimate the cost and consequences of intrapartum polymerase chain reaction (PCR) screening on early-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) disease compared with the antenatal lower vagina culture screening recommended in France. : This was a single-institution study comparing the intrapartum PCR screening strategy implemented in 2010 with antenatal culture ...
Wu Nerissa - - 2012
: Nuchal translucency medians are used to convert nuchal translucency measurements to multiple of the median values for use in risk assessment. There has been much debate about the use of practitioner-specific medians instead of population-based medians to correct for practitioner bias. This study examined data from the California Prenatal ...
Thomson Andrew David - - 2012
The aim of this investigation was to quantify the discolouration of tooth roots caused by various medicaments and sealers. The roots of extracted teeth were chemo-mechanically prepared and the smear layer removed. The roots were filled with either Multi-Cal (Pulpdent Corporation, Watertown, MA, USA), Ledermix (Lederle Laboratories, Wolfratshausen, Germany), 2% ...
Khedmat Hossein - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus infection has a 10.5% frequency in liver transplant posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders. Studies have suggested that hepatitis C virus infection plays a role in developing posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders. Pooling data of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders developing in liver recipients from the literature, we analyzed and compared characteristics, behavior, and ...
Gherman Robert B - - 2012
To determine practice patterns for shoulder dystocia and concepts dealing with brachial plexus palsy. An Internet-based 25-question survey was electronically disseminated to all current members of the Central Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. For those individuals who did not respond, an additional opportunity to complete the assessment was provided during ...
Nikolaou V S - - 2012
The ideal bearing surface for young patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR) remains controversial. We report the five-year results of a randomised controlled trial comparing the clinical and radiological outcomes of 102 THRs in 91 patients who were < 65 years of age. These patients were randomised to receive a cobalt-chrome on ...
Whittingham-Jones P - - 2012
Fracture of a ceramic component in total hip replacement is a rare but potentially catastrophic complication. The incidence is likely to increase as the use of ceramics becomes more widespread. We describe such a case, which illustrates how inadequate initial management will lead to further morbidity and require additional surgery. ...
Monfared Ali - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease is the most-common cause of mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease and renal transplant. Prolongation of QTcmax and QTc dispersion are risk factors of cardiac arrhythmias and mortality. This study compares the changes of QT parameters before hemodialysis, after hemodialysis, and after renal transplant. Patient candidates for ...
Agrawal Ashish Kumar - - 2012
In situ gel systems refer to a class of novel delivery vehicles, composed of natural, semisynthetic or synthetic polymers, which present the unique property of sol-gel conversion on receipt of biological stimulus. The present review summarizes the latest developments in in situ gel technology, with regard to ophthalmic drug delivery. ...
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