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Garcia Garcia Guillermo - - 2012
World Kidney Day on March 8th 2012 provides a chance to reflect on the success of kidney transplantation as a therapy for end stage kidney disease that surpasses dialysis treatments both for the quality and quantity of life that it provides and for its cost effectiveness. Anything that is both ...
Quartey Benjamin - - 2012
Although acute appendicitis is common, reported cases after orthotopic liver transplant are rare. A 29-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with right lower-quadrant pain and mild leukocytosis 2 years after having a liver transplant. A computed tomography scan revealed an inflamed appendix. On operation, an injected appendix was noted, ...
Malviya A - - 2012
The benefit of arthroscopy of the hip in the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in terms of quality of life (QoL) has not been reported. We prospectively collected data on 612 patients (257 women (42%) and 355 men (58%)) with a mean age at the time of surgery of 36.7 ...
Monfared Ali - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease is the most-common cause of mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease and renal transplant. Prolongation of QTcmax and QTc dispersion are risk factors of cardiac arrhythmias and mortality. This study compares the changes of QT parameters before hemodialysis, after hemodialysis, and after renal transplant. Patient candidates for ...
Prosser G H - - 2012
The painful subluxed or dislocated hip in adults with cerebral palsy presents a challenging problem. Prosthetic dislocation and heterotopic ossification are particular concerns. We present the first reported series of 19 such patients (20 hips) treated with hip resurfacing and proximal femoral osteotomy. The pre-operative Gross Motor Function Classification System ...
Macdonald Allan A - - 2012
: The aim was to assess how the use of a commercially available hearing augmentation device affected performance on cognitive assessment scales on admission to hospital. : This was a randomized controlled trial. : The study was conducted on all of the acute assessment wards in a department of medicine ...
Ju Wei-Qiang - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of conversion from calcineurin inhibitors to sirolimus among liver transplant recipients with calcineurin inhibitor-induced complications. After receiving liver transplants, 25 patients with calcineurin inhibitor-induced complications (22 renal dysfunction and 3 new-onset diabetes mellitus) were converted from sirolimus to tacrolimus. The serum creatinine, sirolimus trough ...
Tuuli Methodius G - - 2012
: Uterine synechiae have generally been considered benign findings in pregnancy. We used a large perinatal database to test the hypothesis that uterine synechiae are associated with pregnancy complications. : We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with singleton pregnancies presenting for routine ultrasonographic examinations at 17-22 weeks from ...
Yosry Ayman - - 2012
To analyze the effect of human leukocyte antigen tissue typing on outcome of live-donor liver transplant. Fifty recipients underwent live-donor liver transplant in the Dar Al-Fouad Hospital in Egypt and were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were classified into 2 groups: those with human leukocyte antigen +ve, and those with human leukocyte ...
El Helali Najoua - - 2012
: To estimate the cost and consequences of intrapartum polymerase chain reaction (PCR) screening on early-onset group B streptococcal (GBS) disease compared with the antenatal lower vagina culture screening recommended in France. : This was a single-institution study comparing the intrapartum PCR screening strategy implemented in 2010 with antenatal culture ...
Bigdeli Amir Khosrow - - 2012
Heart failure, life-threatening arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death are common complications in patients with advanced chronic cardiac allograft rejection-the major limiting factor of long-term survival after heart transplant. In patients with sustained cardiorespiratory arrest refractory to cardiopulmonary resuscitation extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy is a therapeutic option. We report the case ...
Holland J P - - 2012
We present the clinical results and survivorship of consecutive 100 Birmingham Hip Resurfacings in 90 patients at a minimum follow-up of ten years. All procedures were carried out by an independent surgeon who commenced a prospective study in 1998. Patients were assessed clinically using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities ...
Luo Ming - - 2012
Preemptive renal transplant has been associated with better survival of both the allograft and the recipient than has conventional renal transplant. It remains unclear, however, whether preemptive transplant is optimal for renal replacement therapy. We describe our experience with preemptive renal transplant. We retrospectively analyzed 32 preemptive and 132 nonpreemptive ...
Merle C - - 2012
The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to identify any difference in femoral offset as measured on pre-operative anteroposterior (AP) radiographs of the pelvis, AP radiographs of the hip and corresponding CT scans in a consecutive series of 100 patients with primary end-stage osteoarthritis of the hip (43 men ...
Wu Nerissa - - 2012
: Nuchal translucency medians are used to convert nuchal translucency measurements to multiple of the median values for use in risk assessment. There has been much debate about the use of practitioner-specific medians instead of population-based medians to correct for practitioner bias. This study examined data from the California Prenatal ...
Hansbury Eileen N - - 2012
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) using human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donors can be curative for children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). However, minimal data exist regarding availability of HLA-identical matched siblings for transplant-eligible children, and family interest in pursuing transplantation. We retrospectively analyzed a pediatric SCA cohort receiving chronic transfusions ...
Jeon I-H - - 2012
The zona conoidea comprises the area of the lateral trochlear ridge of the humerus. The purpose of this study is to reintroduce this term 'zona conoidea' to the discussion of the human elbow and to investigate its significance in the development of osteoarthritis of the elbow. The upper extremities of ...
Li Sonia P - - 2012
There is an increasing awareness that the evaluation of tumor response to oncologic treatments based solely on anatomic imaging assessments face many limitations, particularly in this era of novel biologic targeted therapies. Functional imaging techniques such as diffusion-weighted (DW) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have the ability ...
Manthorpe Jill - - 2012
AimTo understand the effects of Nurse Case Managers (NCMs) working in primary care in the English National Health Service (NHS) from multiple perspectives and how this new role impacts on social workers, this paper reports and discusses findings from a multi-level study of the role of NCMs working in primary ...
Bentley G - - 2012
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) and mosaicplasty are methods of treating symptomatic articular cartilage defects in the knee. This study represents the first long-term randomised comparison of the two techniques in 100 patients at a minimum follow-up of ten years. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery ...
Reaven Judy - - 2012
Children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are at high risk for developing significant anxiety. Anxiety can adversely impact functioning across school, home and community environments. Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) are frequently used with success for children with anxiety symptoms. Modified CBT interventions for anxiety in children with ASD have ...
Soleimani Mehrdad - - 2012
Owing to an imbalance between demand and supply, which is more prominent in pediatric transplant, every year more patients lose their lives on waiting lists. In addition to the use of deceased-donor split and living-donor organs, xenotransplant could provide a solution if associated problems, such as immunologic and physiologic ones, ...
Queenan John - - 2012
: To estimate obstetrician-gynecologists' promotion and support of breastfeeding and their perception of patient breastfeeding practices to examine whether variation in physician practice contributes to low breastfeeding rates. : We conducted a survey study of 290 members of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network, a sample of college fellows (response rate ...
Kamara Stania - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is a strong predictor of future stroke. Stroke is the most common cause of mortality in the United Kingdom. Management of risk factors can reduce the possibility of future strokes; however, these are often difficult to achieve optimally. Current evidence suggests that beliefs about ...
Nikolaou V S - - 2012
The ideal bearing surface for young patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR) remains controversial. We report the five-year results of a randomised controlled trial comparing the clinical and radiological outcomes of 102 THRs in 91 patients who were < 65 years of age. These patients were randomised to receive a cobalt-chrome on ...
Whittingham-Jones P - - 2012
Fracture of a ceramic component in total hip replacement is a rare but potentially catastrophic complication. The incidence is likely to increase as the use of ceramics becomes more widespread. We describe such a case, which illustrates how inadequate initial management will lead to further morbidity and require additional surgery. ...
Khanduja V - - 2012
The FRCS (Tr & Orth) examination has three components: MCQs, Vivas and Clinical Examination. The Vivas are further divided into four sections comprising Basic Science, Adult Pathology, Hands and Children's Orthopaedics and Trauma. The Clinical Examination section is divided into Upper and Lower limb cases. The aim of this section ...
Hickey B A - - 2012
As part of the national initiative to reduce waiting times for joint replacement surgery in Wales, the Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust referred 224 patients to the NHS Treatment Centre in Weston-Super-Mare for total knee replacement (TKR). A total of 258 Kinemax TKRs were performed between November 2004 and August ...
Macri F - - 2012
There is no absolute method of evaluating healing of a fracture of the tibial shaft. In this study we sought to validate a new clinical method based on the systematic observation of gait, first by assessing the degree of agreement between three independent observers regarding the gait score for a ...
Ramzi Mani - - 2012
A BEAM regimen including carmustine (BiCNU: bis-chloroethyl nitrosourea), etoposide, cytarabine (cytosine arabinoside), and melphalan is a widely used conditioning regimen for autologous stem cell transplant in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma. We report the results of noncryopreserved autologous stem cell transplant of 45 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma given an alternative regimen, ...
Lau Susie - - 2012
: To evaluate the effect of introducing a robotic program on cost and patient outcome. : This was a prospective evaluation of clinical outcome and cost after introducing a robotics program for the treatment of endometrial cancer and a retrospective comparison to the entire historical cohort. : Consecutive patients with ...
Moran C G - - 2012
There have been many advances in the resuscitation and early management of patients with severe injuries during the last decade. These have come about as a result of the reorganisation of civilian trauma services in countries such as Germany, Australia and the United States, where the development of trauma systems ...
Song S H - - 2012
This study evaluated the effect of limb lengthening on longitudinal growth in patients with achondroplasia. Growth of the lower extremity was assessed retrospectively by serial radiographs in 35 skeletally immature patients with achondroplasia who underwent bilateral limb lengthening (Group 1), and in 12 skeletally immature patients with achondroplasia who did ...
Chen Ting - - 2012
Microsurgical equipment has greatly advanced since the inception of the microscope into the operating room. These advancements have allowed for superior surgical precision and better post-operative results. This study focuses on the use of the Leica HM500 head-mounted microscope for the operating phonosurgeon. The head-mounted microscope has an optical zoom ...
Araz Coskun - - 2012
To evaluate the frequency, type, and predictors of intraoperative adverse events during donor hepatectomy for living-donor liver transplant. Retrospective analyses of the data from 182 consecutive living-donor liver transplant donors between May 2002 and September 2008. Ninety-one patients (50%) had at least 1 intraoperative adverse event including hypothermia (39%), hypotension ...
Bercovy M - - 2012
This prospective study compares the outcome of 157 hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated tibial components with 164 cemented components in the ROCC Rotating Platform total knee replacement in 291 patients. The mean follow-up was 7.6 years (5.2 to 11). There were two revisions for loosening: one for an HA-coated and one for a ...
Kim Il Young - - 2012
Bladder rupture in patients undergoing renal transplant is rare. A 26-year-old man underwent a deceased-donor renal transplant. Postoperatively, he showed a good clinical course, but after removal of the urethral catheter, he complained of pain in the lower aspect of the abdomen and in the left flank. Findings of abdominal ...
Forrest L Arick - - 2012
Paradoxical vocal cord motion (PVCM), or vocal cord dysfunction, is a descriptive term for inappropriate adduction of the vocal folds during respiration. The laryngeal mistiming leads to breathing difficulty and is often misdiagnosed as refractory asthma. The etiology of PVCM has been unclear but has long been hypothesized to be ...
Macdorman Marian F - - 2012
: To examine trends and characteristics of home vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) in the United States and selected states from 1990-2008. : Birth certificate data were used to track trends in home and hospital VBACs from 1990-2008. Data on planned home VBAC were analyzed by sociodemographic and medical ...
Cooper Saths - - 2012
This overview of psychology in South Africa presents a concise and historical account of its science and practice, from its early origins in the late nineteenth century to the present, and traces seminal influences on the discipline. It is a review of how psychology in South Africa developed over more ...
Lefaivre K A - - 2012
We performed a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the use and interpretation of generic and disease-specific functional outcome instruments in the reporting of outcome after the surgical treatment of disruptions of the pelvic ring. A total of 28 papers met our inclusion criteria, with eight reporting only generic ...
Birch R - - 2012
We describe 261 peripheral nerve injuries sustained in war by 100 consecutive service men and women injured in Iraq and Afghanistan. Their mean age was 26.5 years (18.1 to 42.6), the median interval between injury and first review was 4.2 months (mean 8.4 months (0.36 to 48.49)) and median follow-up ...
Yoshioka Hiroshi - - 2012
Due to their small size and complex structure, diagnosing injury of the proximal wrist ligamentous structures can be challenging. The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is an example of one such structure, for which lesions may be missed unless high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) obtained via a standard matrix with a ...
Morténius Helena - - 2012
AimTo evaluate the long-term utilisation of strategic communication as a factor of importance when changing work practices among primary care staff. BACKGROUND: In many health care organisations, there is a gap between theory and practice. This gap hinders the provision of optimal evidence-based practice and, in the long term, is ...
Birch R - - 2012
The outcomes of 261 nerve injuries in 100 patients were graded good in 173 cases (66%), fair in 70 (26.8%) and poor in 18 (6.9%) at the final review (median 28.4 months (1.3 to 64.2)). The initial grades for the 42 sutures and graft were 11 good, 14 fair and ...
Markl Michael - - 2012
We report the comprehensive evaluation of the complex hemodynamics in a rare case of a pediatric patient after repair of congenital heart disease with multiple abnormalities including hypoplastic left heart, double outlet right ventricle, transposition of great arteries, ventricular septal defect, aortic coarctation, and total cavopulmonary connection. Based on a ...
Thomas Matthew P - - 2012
Gastroparesis is a well-recognized, long-term complication of diabetes. Prokinetic drugs are often not effective, prompting the development of alternative therapies. We report our experience of using one such alternative, endoscopic botulinum toxin injection, to ameliorate diabetic gastropathy in association with pancreas and islet-cell transplant patients. Three male diabetic patients aged ...
Pestryakov Pavel - - 2012
DNA glycosylases are key enzymes in the first step of base excision DNA repair, recognizing DNA damage and catalyzing the release of damaged nucleobases. Bifunctional DNA glycosylases also possess associated apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) lyase activity that nick the damaged DNA strand at an abasic (or AP) site, formed either spontaneously or ...
Scopel Tiago Fernando - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the surgical anatomy of two different routes to access and drain petrous apex (PA) cholesterol granulomas: the expanded endonasal approach (EEA) and the transcanal infracochlear approach (TICA). Anatomic and radiologic study. The EEA and TICA to the PA were performed ...
Gong Weihua - - 2012
The murine cervical heterotopic heart transplant model was initially designed to test the immune response to third-party allografts, modified by cuff techniques. While cuff techniques simplify the execution of this procedure, cutting of the carotid artery and the external jugular vein alters the blood supply to central nervous system and ...
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