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Results 451 - 500 of 2264
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Neupane G P - - 2012
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend oral or intravenous doxycycline plus a third-generation cephalosporin or fluoroquinolone alone for the treatment of Vibrio vulnificus infections. Until now, no study has compared oral with parenteral administered doxycycline with respect to their in vivo efficacy. In the present work, ICR ...
Liang Dan - - 2012
Zinc has been shown to increase bone mass and promote bone cell proliferation and differentiation. We, therefore, hypothesized that zinc might be cytoprotective for bone cells during oxidative stress. The cells were divided into H(2)O(2), zinc and zinc + H(2)O(2) groups. In the present study, zinc was found to inhibit H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis ...
Karunakaran Chockalingam - - 2012
A sensitive imidazole based fluorescent sensor like 4, 5-diphenyl-2(E)-styryl-1H-imidazole, for ZnO has been designed and synthesized via simple steps. The absorption, fluorescence, SEM, EDX and IR studies indicate that imidazole derivative is bound on the surface of ZnO semiconductor. Based on photo-induced electron transfer (PET) mechanism, fluorescent enhancement has been ...
Zucchi Tiago Domingues - - 2012
The status of two mesophilic filamentous actinomycetes isolated from an arid Australian soil sample was determined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The isolates had chemical and morphological properties consistent with their classification in the genus Amycolatopsis, assignments that were supported by analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence data. Isolate SF26(T) ...
Caltabiano Pietro Carelli Reis De Oliveira - - 2012
The stretch zone width (SZW) data for 15-5PH steel CTOD specimens fractured at -150°C to + 23°C temperature were measured based on focused images and 3D maps obtained by extended depth-of-field reconstruction from light microscopy (LM) image stacks. This LM-based method, with a larger lateral resolution, seems to be as ...
Galassi M E - - 2012
Among the numerous constituents of eukaryotic cells, the DNA macromolecule is considered as the most important critical target for radiation-induced damages. However, up to now ion-induced collisions on DNA components remain scarcely approached and theoretical support is still lacking for describing the main ionizing processes. In this context, we here ...
Tanaka Nahoko - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the role of adipokines in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases who received glucocorticoid therapy. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with systemic autoimmune diseases who had started glucocorticoid therapy were prospectively enrolled. One hundred forty healthy persons were also studied as controls. Serum levels of 3 adipokines [resistin, leptin, and ...
Jaiswal Jai V - - 2012
Bioflavonoids are plant compounds touted for their potential to treat or prevent several diseases including cancer caused by various stress conditions. Galangin (4H-1-Benzopyran-4-one, 3, 5, 7-trihydroxy-2-phenyl-), a flavonoid, is a polyphenolic compound found primarily in medicinal herb, Alpinia galanga. This study aims to demonstrate the galangin as a pharmacological lead ...
Tokuda Masayoshi - - 2012
Micron-sized monodisperse poly(ionic liquid) (PIL) particles, poly([2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide), were prepared by dispersion polymerization at 70 °C in methanol with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) as a stabilizer. The obtained particle size could be controlled by addition of ethanol to the methanol medium while maintaining narrow monodispersity. The PIL particles exhibit unique properties; they can ...
Toupance Simon - - 2012
Elastin-rich lung extracellular matrix is largely remodeled during tumor invasion. Elastin degradation produces peptides displaying a wide range of biological activities. These elastin derived peptides (EP) interact with the elastin receptor complex (ERC) but also bind to α(V)β(3) integrin and galectin-3. In this study, we explored the role of EP ...
Wiggins Newton B - - 2012
PURPOSE: A number of novel oral anticoagulants, including direct thrombin inhibitors and direct factor Xa inhibitors, have been developed. This review discusses these agents and their respective clinical trials in patients with acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: This review discusses the results of phase 2 and 3 clinical trials with novel ...
Wang Wei - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to test whether calcium citrate combined with rhBMP-2 was able to enhance bone regeneration compared with a matrix containing only rhBMP-2. METHODS: In each of experimental mice, one cylinder of calcium citrate-rhBMP-2 or rhBMP-2 alone was implanted into the thigh muscle pouches of ...
Hernández-Mesa Maykel - - 2012
A method based on micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) with UV detection has been developed for the determination of nine 5-nitroimidazoles (5-NDZs), including metabolites in river water samples. Due to the relative insensitivity of UV detection in MEKC, a solid-phase extraction (SPE) method has been proposed that preconcentrates water samples fiftyfold ...
Hong Soongweon - - 2012
A cell in vivo is part of a large, networked community. An individual cell's fate is strongly influenced by its interactions with neighbouring cells. While this interaction has been recognized as critical in determining cell behaviour, its complexity and heterogeneity has thus far defied characterization by currently available techniques. Herein, ...
El-Tayeby Hazem Mossad - - 2012
Ankle reconstruction prior to limb lengthening for was performed in 13 patients with fibular hemimelia with complete radiological absence of the fibula (type II). There were different degrees of absence of metatarsal rays. The hindfoot deformity was a heel valgus in 12 patients and equinovarus in 1 patient. The patients' ...
Mathalone Nurit - - 2012
The use of intravitreal anti-VEGF agents in general, and of bevacizumab (Avastin) in particular, has become the common first-line treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Several reports addressed the possible elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) following intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF. The aim of this study was to determine the ...
Walker Logan C - - 2012
A characteristic of sporadic and familial breast tumours is genomic instability, resulting from either inherited mutations in genes that control genome integrity or mutations that are acquired in somatic cells during development. It is well established that abnormal chromosome number and structural changes to chromosomes play an important role in ...
Schoenmaker Nikki J - - 2012
In Belgium and the Netherlands, up to 40% of the children on dialysis are children with immigrant parents of non-Western European origin (non-Western). Concerns exist regarding whether these non-Western patients receive the same quality of care as children with parents of Western European origin (Western). We compared initial dialysis, post-initial ...
Keyzer-Dekker C M G - - 2012
Being recalled for further diagnostic procedures after an abnormal screening mammogram (ASM) can evoke a high state anxiety with lowered quality of life (QoL). We examined whether these adverse psychological consequences are found in all women with benign breast disease (BBD) or are particular to women referred after ASM. In ...
Brookfield Rosalind - - 2012
We have investigated the practicality of implementing a strategy for site-specific editing by homologous recombination in zebrafish analogous to that developed by Rong and Golic (Rong and Golic in Genetics 157:1307-1312, 2001) in Drosophila melanogaster. We analysed approximately 7,300 offspring from 22 crosses and demonstrated successful excision of the gene ...
Behan Aine T - - 2012
Cannabis use confers a two-fold increase in risk for psychosis, with adolescent use conferring an even greater risk. A high-low activity polymorphism in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), a gene encoding the COMT enzyme involved in dopamine clearance in the brain, may interact with adolescent cannabis exposure to increase risk for schizophrenia. The ...
Roberts N A - - 2012
High resolution and isolated scanning probe microscopy (SPM) is in demand for continued development of energy storage and conversion systems involving chemical reactions at the nanoscale as well as an improved understanding of biological systems. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have large aspect ratios and, if leveraged properly, can be used to ...
Sun Ye - - 2012
We review recent progress toward understanding and enhancing the stability of amorphous pharmaceutical solids against crystallization. As organic liquids are cooled to become glasses, fast modes of crystal growth can emerge. One such growth mode, the glass-to-crystal or GC mode, occurs in the bulk, and another exists at the free ...
Huang Yuanyuan - - 2012
Game theoretic models, along with replicator equations, have been applied successfully to the study of evolution of populations of competing species, including the growth of a population, the reaching of the population to an equilibrium state, and the evolutionary stability of the state. In this paper, we analyze a game ...
Muzzi Mirko - - 2012
Although treatment of stroke patients with mild hypothermia is a promising therapeutic approach, chemicals inducing prompt and safe reduction of body temperature are an unmet need. We measured the effects of the transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) agonist rinvanil on thermoregulation and ischemic brain injury in mice. Intraperitoneal or intracerebroventricular ...
Scarmo S - - 2012
Dietary assessment in children is difficult, suggesting a need to develop more objective biomarkers of intake. Resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) is a non-invasive, validated method of measuring carotenoid status in skin as a biomarker of fruit/vegetable intake. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of using RRS ...
Roswall Pernilla - - 2012
The initial clinical experience from targeted therapy for breast cancer has been mixed. While important progress has been made in the care of a subset of patients characterized by amplification of HER2 through the use of trastuzumab, other targeted therapies have failed to improve the outcome for large, unselected groups ...
Marcia Stefano - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of an injectable and partly absorbable calcium bone cement (CERAMENT™, Bone Support, Sweden) in the treatment of osteoporotic or traumatic vertebral fractures by percutaneous vertebroplasty. From March 2009 to October 2010 an open, prospective study in two centres was performed. ...
Tamburrelli Francesco C - - 2012
The aim of the study was to report and discuss the preliminary data obtained in a homogeneous series of 50 patients affected by multiple myeloma treated with bisphosphonates. Patients were followed for a minimum of 1 year. Main orthopaedic data were recorded. Visual Analogue Score and QLQ-C30 and MY 20 ...
Lapointe Stephen L - - 2012
An unsaturated hydroxy-ester pheromone was isolated from the headspace and feces of male Diaprepes abbreviatus, identified, and synthesized. The pheromone, methyl (E)-3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-methyl-2-pentenoate, was discovered by gas chromatography-coupled electroantennogram detection (GC-EAD), and identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). The synthesis yielded an 86:14 mixture of ...
Zartarian Valerie - - 2012
Reliable, evaluated human exposure and dose models are important for understanding the health risks from chemicals. A case study focusing on permethrin was conducted because of this insecticide's widespread use and potential health effects. SHEDS-Multimedia was applied to estimate US population permethrin exposures for 3- to 5-year-old children from residential, ...
Wells Veronica L - - 2012
Rod-shaped bacteria such as Escherichia coli accurately maintain their shape from generation to generation. The cytoskeletal proteins MreB and FtsZ, which respectively guide parallel growth of the sidewall and perpendicular growth of the division septum, are important to maintain a straight sidewall and uniformly rounded cell poles. FtsZ normally assembles ...
Goodall-Copestake W P - - 2012
Estimates of genetic diversity represent a valuable resource for biodiversity assessments and are increasingly used to guide conservation and management programs. The most commonly reported estimates of DNA sequence diversity in animal populations are haplotype diversity (h) and nucleotide diversity (π) for the mitochondrial gene cytochrome c oxidase subunit I ...
Welch A J - - 2012
Seabirds are highly vagile and can disperse up to thousands of kilometers, making it difficult to identify the factors that promote isolation between populations. The endemic Hawaiian petrel (Pterodroma sandwichensis) is one such species. Today it is endangered, and known to breed only on the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Lanai ...
Everaerd Daphne - - 2012
The common genetic variation of the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) has been related to depressive symptoms, in particular after stressful life events. Although it has been investigated in the past, results suggesting that the 5-HTTLPR genotype also affects hippocampal volume are often inconsistent and it remains unclear to what ...
Sawyer Eileen K - - 2012
Acute SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) treatment has been shown to attenuate the abuse-related effects of cocaine; however, SSRIs have had limited success in clinical trials for cocaine abuse, possibly due to neurobiological changes that occur during chronic administration. In order to better understand the role of serotonin (5HT) in ...
Price Julie C - - 2012
Multimodality molecular brain imaging encompasses in vivo visualization, evaluation, and measurement of cellular/molecular processes. Instrumentation and software developments over the past 30 years have fueled advancements in multimodality imaging platforms that enable acquisition of multiple complementary imaging outcomes by either combined sequential or simultaneous acquisition. This article provides a general ...
Howarth Clare - - 2012
The brain's energy supply determines its information processing power, and generates functional imaging signals. The energy use on the different subcellular processes underlying neural information processing has been estimated previously for the grey matter of the cerebral and cerebellar cortex. However, these estimates need reevaluating following recent work demonstrating that ...
Turner Jeremy - - 2012
Gap-induced prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle (GPIAS) has been used in rats and mice to study the problem of tinnitus. The current study demonstrates that similar methods can be used to study the temporal development of tinnitus over time in middle-aged mice. Six-month-old mice on a mixed C57Bl6 × 129 ...
McCarthy Ryan C - - 2012
The mechanism(s) by which iron in blood is transported across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) remains controversial. Here we have examined the first step of this trans-cellular pathway, namely the mechanism(s) of iron uptake into human brain microvascular endothelial cells (hBMVEC). We show that hBMVEC actively reduce non-transferrin bound Fe(III) (NTBI) ...
Golini Rebeca S - - 2012
The circadian expression of clock and clock-controlled cognition-related genes in the hippocampus would be essential to achieve an optimal daily cognitive performance. There is some evidence that retinoid nuclear receptors (RARs and RXRs) can regulate circadian gene expression in different tissues. In this study, Holtzman male rats from control and ...
Hausselle Jerome - - 2012
Acetabular component malalignment in total hip arthroplasty can lead to potential complications such as dislocation, component impingement and excessive wear. Computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery systems generally use the anterior pelvic plane (APP). Our aim was to investigate the reliability of anatomical landmarks accessible during surgery and to define new potential planes ...
Silasi Gergely - - 2012
Hypothermia improves clinical outcome after cardiac arrest in adults. Animal data show that a day or more of cooling optimally reduces edema and tissue injury after cerebral ischemia, especially after longer intervention delays. Lengthy treatments, however, may inhibit repair processes (e.g., synaptogenesis). Thus, we evaluated whether unilateral brain hypothermia (∼33°C) ...
Radlinska Basia A - - 2012
In the healthy brain, there are close correlations between task-related activation of the primary motor cortex (M1), the magnitude of interhemispheric inhibition, and microstructural properties of transcallosal fiber tracts. After subcortical stroke affecting the pyramidal tract (PT), an abnormal pattern of bilateral activity develops in M1. With this prospective longitudinal ...
de Jong Simone - - 2012
There is genetic evidence that schizophrenia is a polygenic disorder with a large number of loci of small effect on disease susceptibility. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of schizophrenia have had limited success, with the best finding at the MHC locus at chromosome 6p. A recent effort of the Psychiatric GWAS ...
Varshosaz Jaleh - - 2012
Dextran is a family of natural polysaccharides that is widely under investigation for use as polymeric carriers in novel drug delivery systems. The optimal drug delivery (and consequently maximum therapeutic effect) will be accomplished when carrier systems are used mainly for drugs with antitumoral activity, as they increase their blood ...
Mehta Jwalant S - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to assess the degenerative changes in the motion segments above a L5S1 spondylolytic spondylolisthesis and to view these in light of the retrolisthesis in the segment immediately above the slip. A spondylolytic spondylolisthesis causes an abnormal motion and predisposes to degenerative changes at the ...
Renner Bertold B Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany. - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the interactions between two stimuli-menthol and nicotine-both of which activate the olfactory and the trigeminal system. More specifically, we wanted to know whether menthol at different concentrations modulates the perception of burning and stinging pain induced by nicotine stimuli in the human ...
Mann Rena K RK Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, - - 2012
Involuntary movements such as levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease (PD) and chorea in Huntington's disease (HD) are the consequence of two distinct basal ganglia dysfunctions. Yet, their clinical manifestations seem to resemble each other. We seek to determine how to detect PD dyskinesia and HD chorea during quiet stance using ...
Nolan H H The Trinity Centre for Bioengineering, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2012
The perception of self-motion is a product of the integration of information from both visual and non-visual cues, to which the vestibular system is a central contributor. It is well documented that vestibular dysfunction leads to impaired movement and balance, dizziness and falls, and yet our knowledge of the neuronal ...
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