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Results 451 - 500 of 2264
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Sawyer Eileen K - - 2012
Acute SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) treatment has been shown to attenuate the abuse-related effects of cocaine; however, SSRIs have had limited success in clinical trials for cocaine abuse, possibly due to neurobiological changes that occur during chronic administration. In order to better understand the role of serotonin (5HT) in ...
Altuntas Y E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to analyze the results of laparoscopy in septuagenarians with sigmoid colon or rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic or hand-assisted laparoscopic sigmoid or rectal resections for cancer were retrospectively selected from the database of our institution. The study group (Lap > 70 group), contained ...
Trantzschel Thomas - - 2012
Hyperpolarization (HP) techniques are increasingly important in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS). HP methods have the potential to overcome the fundamentally low sensitivity of magnetic resonance (MR). A breakthrough of HP-MR in life sciences and medical applications is still limited by the small number of accessible, physiologically relevant ...
Kiseljak-Vassiliades Katja - - 2012
Growth hormone (GH) pituitary tumors are almost always benign adenomas, yet are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Surgical and medical responses of GH tumors are often incomplete, and therefore predictors of residual or recurrent disease are needed. Clinical features, including patient gender, age or size of adenoma, have proven ...
Kanegane Hirokazu - - 2012
To cite this article: Kanegane H, Yang Xi, Zhao M, Yamato K, Inoue M, Hamamoto K, Kobayashi C, Hosono A, Ito Y, Nakazawa Y, Terui K, Kogawa K, Ishii E, Sumazaki R, Miyawaki T. Clinical features and outcome of X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome type 1 (SAP deficiency) in Japan identified by ...
Penadés Soledad - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Dendritic cells are the most potent of the professional antigen presenting cells which display a pivotal role in the generation and regulation of adaptive immune responses against HIV-1. The migratory nature of dendritic cells is subverted by HIV-1 to gain access to lymph nodes where viral replication occurs. Dendritic ...
Aravindan V - - 2012
The Pechini type polymerizable complex decomposition method is employed to prepare LiTi(2)(PO(4))(3) at 1000 °C in air. High energy ball milling followed by carbon coating by the glucose-method yielded C-coated nano-LiTi(2)(PO(4))(3) (LTP) with a crystallite size of 80(±5) nm. The phase is characterized by X-ray diffraction, Rietveld refinement, thermogravimetry, SEM, ...
Moiz Syed Abdul - - 2012
A novel stamped hybrid solar cell was proposed using the stamping transfer technique by stamping an active PEDOT:PSS thin layer onto the top of silicon nanowires (SiNWs). Compared to a bulk-type counterpart that fully embeds SiNWs inside PEDOT:PSS, an increase in the photovoltaic efficiency was observed by a factor of ...
Renner Bertold B Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany. - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the interactions between two stimuli-menthol and nicotine-both of which activate the olfactory and the trigeminal system. More specifically, we wanted to know whether menthol at different concentrations modulates the perception of burning and stinging pain induced by nicotine stimuli in the human ...
Zhang Yang - - 2012
To investigate the relationship of tumor associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72) expression with clinicopathological features in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Sixty pairs of HCC and paracarcinomatous (PCLT) tissues, and 10 nomral liver (NL) tissues were collected for Western blot analysis, and 244 pairs of HCC and PCLT tissues were collected for immunohistochemistry ...
Atkinson Mark J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The ability to perform many daily tasks relies on good visual acuity at various distances. A review of existing measures of visual function revealed gaps in task content, particularly tasks that rely on intermediate vision. PURPOSE: This research sought to extend the content base and visual range coverage of ...
Rosenberg Steven A - - 2012
Part C early intervention is a nationwide program that serves infants and toddlers who have developmental delays. This article presents a methodology for computing a theoretical estimate of the proportion of children who are likely to be eligible for Part C services based on delays in any of the 5 ...
Melloh Markus - - 2012
PURPOSE: To reduce the socio-economic burden of persistent low back pain (LBP), factors influencing the progression of acute/subacute LBP to the persistent state must be identified at an early stage. METHODS: Prospective inception cohort study of patients attending a health practitioner for their first episode of acute/subacute or recurrent LBP. ...
Neo Ana G - - 2012
We report a novel Lewis acid catalysed tandem reaction of isocyanides, chromone 3-carboxylic acid and nucleophiles. An experimentally very simple procedure, involving the use of microwave irradiation in the presence of a Lewis acid catalyst, affords a representative collection of chromone-2-carboxamides and chromone-2-carboxamido-3-esters in high yields, in just a few ...
Dugat-Bony Eric E Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal, Laboratoire Microorganismes: Génome et Environnement, BP 10448, F63000, Clermont-Ferrand, - - 2012
The bioremediation of chloroethene contaminants in groundwater polluted systems is still a serious environmental challenge. Many previous studies have shown that cooperation of several dechlorinators is crucial for complete dechlorination of trichloroethene to ethene. In the present study, we used an explorative functional DNA microarray (DechloArray) to examine the composition ...
Wang Na - - 2012
The stable small Ag seeds (size in diameter < 10 nm) were obtained in the presence of inositol hexakisphosphoric (IP(6)) micelles. Then Ag-Au bimetallic nanoparticles were synthesized through a replacement reaction with the rapid interdiffusion process between such small Ag seeds in nanoclusters and HAuCl(4). Adjusting the dosage of HAuCl(4) resulted in different ...
Liederman Jacqueline - - 2012
Female as opposed to male listeners were better able to use a delayed informative cue at the end of a long sentence to report an earlier word which was disrupted by noise. Informative (semantically related) or uninformative (semantically unrelated) word cues were presented 2, 6, or 10 words after a ...
Evenou Fanny - - 2012
In the search for new therapeutic chemicals, lab-on-a-chip systems have recently emerged as innovative and efficient tools for cell-based assays and high throughput screening. Here, we describe a novel, versatile and simple device for cell-based assays at the bench-top. We created spatial variations of porosity on the surface of a ...
Menchen Lindsey C - - 2012
Currently, there is no consensus on the use of mesh in transvaginal surgical repairs for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. This review recapitulates and assesses the recent U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warnings about the use of surgical mesh in transvaginal pelvic organ prolapse repair and summarizes ...
Banerjee Shashwat S - - 2012
A transferrin-conjugated PEG-Fe(3) O(4) nanostructured matrix is developed to explore cellular responses in terms of enhanced cell adhesion, specific interactions between ligands in the matrix and molecular receptors on the cell membrane, comparison of cell shapes on 2D and 3D surfaces, and effect of polymer architecture on cell adhesion. Integration ...
Mitra Indrani - - 2012
The design and development of antioxidant molecules have lately gained a great deal of focus which is attributed to their immense biomedicinal importance in combating the free radical associated health hazards. In a situation to replenish the endogenous antioxidant loss, synthetic molecules with potent antioxidant activity is demanded. The present ...
Bornefalk Hans - - 2012
Beam-hardening-free synthetic images with absolute CT numbers that radiologists are used to can be constructed from spectral CT data by forming 'dichromatic' images after basis decomposition. The CT numbers are accurate for all tissues and the method does not require additional reconstruction. This method prevents radiologists from having to relearn ...
Huttunen K H - - 2012
We studied how gesture use changes with culture, age and increased spoken language competence. A picture-naming task was presented to British (N = 80) and Finnish (N = 41) typically developing children aged 2-5 years. British children were found to gesture more than Finnish children and, in both cultures, gesture production decreased after ...
Dubreucq Sarah S Team 'Endocannabinoids and NeuroAdaptation', INSERM U862, NeuroCentre Magendie, Bordeaux, - - 2012
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) tightly controls emotional responses to acute aversive stimuli. Repeated stress alters ECS activity but the role played by the ECS in the emotional consequences of repeated stress has not been investigated in detail. This study used social defeat stress, together with pharmacology and genetics to examine ...
Goldberg David J - - 2012
Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is a rare but potentially devastating complication of single-ventricle physiology after the Fontan operation. Although abnormal bone mineral density (BMD) is a known complication of chronic disease and congenital heart disease, no reports have described BMD in patients with PLE. This study investigated a cross-sectional sample of ...
Pirinççioğlu Mihdiye - - 2012
The consumption of fruits plays an important role as a health protecting factor. Grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are believed to have health benefits due to their antioxidant activity. Öküzgözü is the largest among the grape varieties grown in Turkey. Carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) causes free radical generation in many tissues such ...
Lu Qiongxian - - 2012
Powdery mildew is one of the most important wheat diseases in temperate regions of the world. Resistance breeding is considered to be an economical and environmentally benign way to control this disease. The German spring wheat cv. 'Naxos' exhibits high levels of partial and race non-specific resistance to powdery mildew ...
Fang Mei - - 2012
Magnetite nanoparticles have been prepared by co-precipitation using a custom-designed jet mixer to achieve rapid mixing (RM) of reactants in a timescale of milliseconds. The quick and stable nucleation obtained allows control of the particle size and size distribution via a more defined growth process. Nanoparticles of different sizes were ...
Koutsoubari Ioanna - - 2012
Asthma exacerbations are major contributors to asthma morbidity and rather difficult to treat. There is inconclusive evidence that macrolide antibiotics may have an effect on asthma exacerbations through their antibacterial and/or anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of clarithromycin on medium-term asthma activity when ...
Warter Lucile - - 2012
Anti-viral immune responses have been studied extensively in order to inform rational vaccine design. Following viral infection, the balance of pathologic and protective antibody responses in the host can critically influence clinical outcomes. Comparisons of the different classes of antibodies produced after acute or chronic viral infections have uncovered common ...
Radlinska Basia A - - 2012
In the healthy brain, there are close correlations between task-related activation of the primary motor cortex (M1), the magnitude of interhemispheric inhibition, and microstructural properties of transcallosal fiber tracts. After subcortical stroke affecting the pyramidal tract (PT), an abnormal pattern of bilateral activity develops in M1. With this prospective longitudinal ...
Yazicioglu Mehtap - - 2012
To cite this article: Yazicioglu M, Elmas R, Turgut B, Genchallac T. The association between DRESS and the diminished numbers of peripheral B lymphocytes and natural killer cells. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2012.01268.x ABSTRACT: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a drug-induced, severe multiorgan system reaction ...
Brazeau Allison L - - 2012
Cobaltocene has been used as a one-electron reductant in a facile route to generate pnictogen(i) (P, As) synthons. These subsequently undergo a formal 4 + 2 cycloaddition with a pyridyl tethered 1,2-bis(imino)acenaphthene "clamshell" ligand to yield N-heterocyclic chlorophosphines and -arsines, which are precursors to the corresponding N-heterocyclic pnictenium cations. In ...
Holtgrave David R - - 2012
A retrospective economic evaluation of a female condom distribution and education program in Washington, DC. was conducted. Standard methods of cost, threshold and cost-utility analysis were utilized as recommended by the U.S. Panel on cost-effectiveness in health and medicine. The overall cost of the program that distributed 200,000 female condoms ...
Nepomnaschy Pablo A - - 2012
Cortisol is the most commonly used biomarker to compare physiological stress between individuals. Its use, however, is frequently inappropriate. Basal cortisol production varies markedly between individuals. Yet, in naturalistic studies that variation is often ignored, potentially leading to important biases. OBJECTIVES: Identify appropriate analytical tools to compare cortisol across individuals ...
Dayde Bénédicte - - 2012
A 6-step procedure was developed for the synthesis of a new family of acyclic nucleoside phosphonates (ANPs), "PHEEPA" [(2-pyrimidinyl-2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyl)phosphonic acids] in overall yields ranging from 4.5% to 32%. These compounds, which possess on one side a hydroxy function and on the other side a phosphonate group, can be considered either ...
Ishimaru Shinya - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) oncogenesis was considered to be determined by interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Specific interacting factors that influence CRC morbidity have yet to be fully investigated. METHODS: A multi-institutional collaborative study with 1511 CRC patients and 2098 control subjects was used to compare the odds ratios ...
Jaminet Patrick - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Giant-cell tumors of the distal radius are rare. They have a high-risk of local recurrence and a risk of pulmonary metastasis. Curettage alone or combined with adjunctive agents is often associated with local recurrence. METHODS: Three patients with giant-cell tumor of the distal radius are presented. All patients showed ...
Harper Mhairi M - - 2012
Developments in specific DNA detection assays have been shown to be increasingly beneficial for molecular diagnostics and biological research. Many approaches use optical spectroscopy as an assay detection method and, owing to the sensitivity and molecular specificity offered, surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy has become a competitively exploited technique. ...
Heni M - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Impaired insulin sensitivity is a major factor leading to type 2 diabetes. Animal studies suggest that the brain is involved in the regulation of insulin sensitivity. We investigated whether insulin action in the human brain regulates peripheral insulin sensitivity and examined which brain areas are involved. METHODS: Insulin and ...
Closs Lq - - 2012
SUMMARY This article reports the case of a patient with bilateral hypodontia of the maxillary lateral incisors who was dissatisfied with the outcome of initial orthodontic treatment, highlighting the importance of a multidisciplinary interaction among Restorative Dentistry, Orthodontics, and Implantology to achieve satisfactory esthetics and functional results.
Sommerauer S - - 2012
Anaesthesia of the external ear canal (external acoustic meatus) is usually performed by blocking both the great and internal auricular nerves by regional infiltration. However, exact landmarks for blocking the internal auricular nerve to accomplish effective anaesthesia have not been described yet. In this study, detailed anatomical dissection of the ...
Wilberg Petter P Department of Oral Surgery and Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, PO Box 1109, Blindern, 0317, Oslo, - - 2012
This study aims to assess the prevalence of oral morbidity in patients receiving palliative care for cancers outside the head and neck region and to investigate if information concerning oral problems was given. Patients were recruited from two Norwegian palliative care inpatient units. All patients went through a face-to-face interview, ...
Tran Jackelin Q - - 2012
The transport of mixed paint solvents through natural rubber latex (4 mil) and nitrile rubber (5 mil) gloves was evaluated after spray application of the paint formulation directly on the glove surface. Glove materials and thicknesses were those selected by the majority of spray painters in the local automobile repair industry. A ...
Duckstein Sarina M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Hamamelis virginiana, known for its high level of tannins and other phenolics is widely used for treatment of dermatological disorders. Although reports on hydroalcoholic and aqueous extracts from Hamamelis leaf and bark exist, knowledge on fermented leaf preparations and the underlying conversion processes are still scant. OBJECTIVE: Aqueous Hamamelis ...
Ince Mine - - 2012
A novel supramolecular electron donor-acceptor hybrid (2·1) and an electron donor-acceptor conjugate (3), both exhibiting a remarkably shifted Q band in the NIR region of the solar spectrum, were prepared. Irradiation of the supramolecular ensemble 2·1 within the visible range leads to a nanosecond lived radical-ion pair state Zn-azulenocyanine˙(+)-C(60)˙(-).
Nakao Mutsuhiro - - 2012
Shintoism, Buddhism, and Qi, which advocate the unity of mind and body, have contributed to the Japanese philosophy of life. The practice of psychosomatic medicine emphasizes the connection between mind and body and combines the psychotherapies (directed at the mind) and relaxation techniques (directed at the body), to achieve stress ...
Millioni Renato - - 2012
Reducing the complexity of plasma proteome through complex multidimensional fractionation protocols is critical for the detection of low abundance proteins that have the potential to be the most specific disease biomarkers. Therefore, we examined a four dimension profiling method, which includes low abundance protein enrichment, tryptic digestion and peptide fractionation ...
Zartarian Valerie - - 2012
Reliable, evaluated human exposure and dose models are important for understanding the health risks from chemicals. A case study focusing on permethrin was conducted because of this insecticide's widespread use and potential health effects. SHEDS-Multimedia was applied to estimate US population permethrin exposures for 3- to 5-year-old children from residential, ...
Van Mieghem Nicolas M - - 2012
Abstract. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a less invasive alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) and a high operative risk. Risk stratification plays a decisive role in the optimal selection of therapeutic strategies for AS patients. The accuracy of contemporary ...
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