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Liu Qi - - 2012
The image features a method for determining molecular configurations in motion, which combines time-resolved tunneling spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. It has been successfully applied to two typical molecular systems, tetra-tert-butyl zinc phthalocyanine and iron phthalocyanine, with molecular rotation and lateral diffusion on the Au(111) surface. The energy ...
Andreeva Daria V - - 2012
A sonodesigned metal-based sponge can form as a surface layer on metal capsules with the possibility of multicomponent loading and time-resolved release. The capsules can be loaded with active agents, such as corrosion inhibitors, vitamins and drugs, enzymes, DNA fragments, or antibodies. The porous layer is continuous with the bulk ...
Chen Jin - - 2012
Single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) is a powerful method for studying the conformational dynamics of a biomolecule in real-time. However, studying how interacting ligands correlate with and regulate the conformational dynamics of the biomolecule is extremely challenging because of the availability of a limited number of fluorescent dyes with ...
Chen Yantao - - 2012
Water microdroplets containing graphene oxide and a second solute are shown to spontaneously segregate into sack-cargo nanostructures upon drying. Analytical modeling and molecular dynamics suggest the sacks form when slow-diffusing graphene oxide preferentially accumulates and adsorbs at the receding air-water interface, followed by capillary collapse. Cargo-filled graphene nanosacks can be ...
Mock Jack J JJ Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, - - 2012
The localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) spectrum associated with a gold nanoparticle (NP) coupled to a gold film exhibits extreme sensitivity to the nanogap region where the fields are tightly localized. The LSPR of an ensemble of film-coupled NPs can be observed using an illumination scheme similar to that used ...
Zhou Gang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic and T cell-mediated autoimmune disease whose immunopathogenesis may involve antigen-presentation, T cells activation and migration as well as keratinocytes apoptosis. PD-1/B7-H1 pathway may have a unique function in regulating self-reactive T cells associated with inflammatory response and maintaining tolerance in peripheral tissues. ...
Lehrke M - - 2012
Pharmacological modulation of the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) system has emerged as a new therapeutic option for treatment of diabetes mellitus. In addition to the glucose lowering potential GLP-1 was found to have a variety of cardioprotective effects. GLP-1 reduced the size of myocardial infarction during acute ischemia by activation of ...
Danic Hadzibegovic Ana - - 2012
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is an unusual, life threatening, rapidly advancing infection characterized by widespread fascial and subcutaneous tissue necrosis and gangrene of the skin. It most commonly affects the extremities, abdominal wall and perineum, whereas cervical NF is rare. NF of the head and neck is often caused by both ...
Fleiner Jonathan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to develop a new approach for radiographically measuring circumferential periodontal bone level using cone beam CT (CBCT) data. Accuracy and precision were assessed using direct probe measurements on a human skull as a reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Digital quantification of circumferential periodontal bone ...
Homayounfar K - - 2012
PURPOSE: Bilobar colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) are often considered incurable or associated with poor prognosis even after R0 resection. In this single-center study, we evaluate the impact of CRLM spreading on recurrence-free survival (RFS) and cancer-specific overall survival (CSS) after R0 resection of CRLM with respect to multimodal treatment strategies ...
Lill C M - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a genetically complex disease caused by the interplay of genetic and environmental factors. While it shows substantial familial accumulation, there is no evidence for typical Mendelian transmission within families. Instead, MS risk is likely governed by dozens to hundreds of genetic variants, which can also be ...
Sherman Chen - - 2012
Predicted changes in climate associated with increased greenhouse gas emissions can cause increases in global mean temperature and changes in precipitation regimes. These changes may affect key soil processes, e.g., microbial CO(2) evolution and biomass, mineralization rates, primary productivity, biodiversity, and litter decomposition, which play an important role in carbon ...
Spier I - - 2012
Hereditary gastrointestinal polyposis syndromes account for around 1% of all colorectal cancers; most of them are associated with a broad spectrum of extracolonic tumors. The initial diagnosis is based on endoscopic findings and polyp histology. Molecular genetic screening is important for the delineation of conditions with a similar phenotype such ...
Dölle S - - 2012
Severe allergic reactions are reported to the anaphylaxis registry in German-speaking countries. The data provides knowledge regarding the diagnosis and management of patients suffering from anaphylaxis. The ranking of the most frequent elicitors inducing anaphylaxis is age-dependent and also influenced by the group which is reporting the data. The list ...
Xie Yirui - - 2012
Bacterial translocation and the development of sepsis after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) may be promoted by immunological damage to the intestinal mucosa or by quantitative and qualitative changes in intestinal microbiota. This study monitored structural shifts of gut microbiota in rats with OLT using PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and ...
Schnell Jaimie - - 2012
The Arabidopsis CSR1 gene codes for the enzyme acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS, EC 2.2.1.6), also known as acetolactate synthase, which catalyzes the first step in branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis. It is inhibited by several classes of herbicides, including the imidazolinone herbicides, such as imazapyr; however, a substitution mutation in csr1-2 (Ser-653-Asn) ...
Groot M W - - 2012
The prevalence of diabetes is growing worldwide. Diabetics are predisposed to coronary artery disease due to an increased rate of atherosclerosis. The optimal treatment for these patients remains uncertain. Randomized trials compared percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) to determine the most suitable revascularization strategy. Meta-analyses ...
Launes Cristian - - 2012
In order to compare sociodemographical data and preexisting risk medical conditions in patients requiring hospital admission for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection and those managed on an outpatient basis, a prospective observational, matched case-control study in 36 hospitals of the Spanish National Health Service was conducted from July ...
Lin Yu Hong - - 2012
Large population studies show that polyunsaturated fatty acids are important for human health, but determining relationships between the health benefits and the fatty acid content has been hampered by the unavailability of labor-effective high-throughput technologies. An automated high throughput fatty acid analysis was developed from a previous procedure based on ...
Tabtimsai Chanukorn - - 2012
The adsorptions of hydrogen molecule of the Fe - doped pristine and Stone - Wales defected armchair (5,5) single - walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) compared with the pristine SWCNT were investigated by using the density functional theory at the B3LYP/LanL2DZ level. The doping of Fe atom into SWCNTs occurring via an exothermic process was found. The ...
Harenberg P S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Reconstruction of the tip of the thumb using a neurovascular flap. INDICATIONS: Transverse defects of the thumb's tip or large defects of the palmar pulp (max. 2.0-2.5 cm) with exposure of bone and/or tendons. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Extensive crush injury, heavy wound contamination, circulatory disorders, acute infection, very large defects (> 2.0-2.5 cm finger ...
Georgiadou Panagiota - - 2012
Skeletal muscle abnormalities are well-established in patients with heart failure from an early stage in the progression of the disease and contribute to their symptoms and the limitation of physical activity. Heart failure-induced skeletal muscle pathology includes morphologic, histologic, and enzymatic changes along with derangements in skeletal muscle metabolism and ...
Asgary Saeed - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Root canal therapy (RCT) and tooth extraction have been conventional treatment options for management of human mature teeth with irreversible pulpitis. Excellent short-term treatment outcomes of vital pulp therapy with calcium-enriched mixture cement (VPT/CEM), as a new treatment option, on postoperative pain relief was demonstrated; if intermediate- and long-term ...
Gu Hong-Xiang - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Microscopic colitis includes lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis. The entity is considered as an important cause for unknown chronic diarrhea, but rarely reported in China before. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of microscopic colitis in patients with chronic diarrhea and normal colonoscopy findings in Southern ...
Jaworski Maciej - - 2012
Skinfold thicknesses are used as valid anthropometric indicators of regional body fatness. Actual population-based values for skinfold thicknesses for Polish children are not available. The purpose of this study was to provide population-based values for triceps, subscapular, and abdominal skinfold thicknesses in healthy children and adolescents. A total number of ...
Baran A M - - 2012
Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is a lymphoproliferative disorder originating from peripheral T-cells or natural killer (NK) cells. While it is a rare disease in Europe, it is more frequent in Asia and South America. It is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and characterized by an extremely aggressive course ...
Miller Kristin I - - 2012
The bioactive compounds of medicinal plants are products of the plant itself or of endophytes living inside the plant. Endophytes isolated from eight different anticancer plants collected in Yunnan, China, were characterized by diverse 16S and 18S rRNA gene phylogenies. A functional gene-based molecular screening strategy was used to target ...
Ellen Charles W - - 2012
Biogenic amines play diverse roles in the development and modulation of invertebrate neurons and ultimately also, in the regulation of animal behaviour. Here we examine the contribution that analyses of antennal lobe neurons in vitro have made towards our understanding of the mechanisms through which dopamine and serotonin operate in ...
Lotze U - - 2012
A 54-year-old female patient presented with a progressive and deteriorating dyspnea at the slightest exertion in particular during the past few days before presentation. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large space-occupying lesion in the right atrium extending into the inferior vena cava (IVC). Abdominal magnetic resonance aortography showed an elongated space-occupying ...
Bal Ramazan - - 2012
Clothianidin (CTD) is one of the latest members of the synthetic organic insecticides, the neonicotinoids. In the present study, it was aimed to investigate if daily oral administration of CTD at low doses for 90 days has any deleterious effects on reproductive functions of developing male rats. Animals were randomly divided ...
Lee Gregory - - 2012
Two monoclonal antibodies (Mabs), RP215 and GHR106, were selected for the preclinical evaluations of anti-cancer drugs targeting various human cancers including those of the ovary, cervix, lung, and liver. Both Mabs were shown to react with pan cancer markers, which are over-expressed on the surface of almost all human cancers. ...
Sun Ninglei - - 2012
RATIONALE: Neurons within the basolateral amygdala (BLA) and prelimbic cortex (PLC) are involved in associative learning during morphine reward memory recall and extinction. However, the nature by which the BLA regulates PLC neuronal encoding of associative opiate reward learning is not presently understood. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was ...
Ishida Hiroyuki - - 2012
A Japanese patient presented with lymphedema, severe Varicella zoster, and Salmonella infection, recurrent respiratory infections, panniculitis, monocytopenia, B- and NK-cell lymphopenia, and myelodysplasia. The phenotype was a mixture of the monocytopenia and mycobacterial infection (MonoMAC) and Emberger syndromes. Sequencing of the GATA-2 cDNA revealed the heterozygous missense mutation 1187 G > A. This ...
Kwong Jason C - - 2012
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a rare, but significant cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). A number of virulence determinants have been implicated in the development of severe community MRSA pneumonia, characterized by multilobar cavitating necrosis in patients without usual risk-factors for pneumonia. Optimal management is uncertain, and is extrapolated ...
Talacchi Andrea - - 2012
Foramen magnum meningioma poses a challenge for neurosurgeons. Prognosis has generally improved with diagnostic and surgical advances over the past two decades; however, it may ultimately depend more on the surgeon's ability to tailor the approach and interpret intraoperative risks in single cases. The series comprised 64 patients operated on ...
Zellweger M J - - 2012
Coronary artery disease (CAD) plays an important role in diabetic patients because they have a very high cardiovascular mortality risk. Therefore the question arises if all diabetic patients should be screened for CAD. In patients with (a)typical angina or anginal equivalents (e.g. shortness of breath) an extended CAD evaluation is ...
Stankovic I - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current work was to assess the possible relationship between upright T wave in precordial lead V1 (TV1) and the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing coronary angiography with an otherwise unremarkable resting electrocardiogram (ECG). METHODS: Twelve-lead resting ECGs of 2,468 patients who ...
Scott Andrew D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To better understand how variability in preparation of gadolinium solutions may affect image quality for MRI arthrography studies. METHODS: Two different mixing techniques were employed in preparation of gadolinium/saline dilutions (repeated inversion vs. swirling). Test syringes were then placed together with unmixed and control syringes in a specially prepared ...
Hoff N P - - 2012
A 35-year-old man presented with swelling, indurations and nodules on the thumb, wrist and fingers of the right hand. History revealed that the findings were slowly progressive and had been present for at least eight years. Histopathologic analysis of a nodule showed a diffuse infiltrate with atypical spindle-shaped cells and ...
Machado Gustavo Puglia - - 2012
The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of rabies antibodies in free-ranging capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella nigritus) in a fragmented, environmentally protected, rural area of southeastern Brazil. Thirty-six free-ranging monkeys were tested by the rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test for detection of antibodies against rabies virus. Four ...
Soto-Cantu Erick - - 2012
Amine-functionalized colloidal silica finds use in a variety of applications and fundamental investigations. To explore convenient methods of synthesis and characterization of research-grade materials in relatively large quantities, nearly monodisperse colloidal silica particles were prepared by base-catalyzed hydrolysis of reagent-grade tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) without the traditional time- and energy-consuming distillation ...
Harvey-Girard Erik - - 2012
We have cloned the apteronotid homologs of FoxP2, Otx1 and FoxO3. There was, in the case of all three genes, good similarity between the apteronotid and human amino acid sequences: FoxP2 - 78%, Otx1 - 54%, FoxO3 - 71%. The functional domains of these genes were conserved to a far ...
Kusaba Gaku - - 2012
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is characterized by mesangial cell proliferation and mesangial expansion with mesangial depositions of IgA. We have found that electron-dense deposits (EDD) are often observed in areas other than paramesangial areas in glomeruli. To compare electron microscopic findings with light microscopic findings and clinical data, we examined ...
Tanaka Etsuko - - 2012
Rapid lowering of the solution temperature (rapid cooling, RC) from 24 to 3°C within 3 s releases considerable amounts of Ca(2+) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in mammalian cardiac muscles. In this study, we investigated the intracellular mechanism of RC-induced Ca(2+) release, especially the role of Ca(2+), in ferret ventricular ...
Jung Yong-Taek - - 2012
A gram-negative, non-flagellated and ovoid- to rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated GSW-M15(T), was isolated from seawater on the southern coast of South Korea. Strain GSW-M15(T) grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 7.0-7.5 and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. The phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed ...
Skevington S M - - 2012
Abstract Increasingly older adults are being diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. In 2002, UNAIDS indicated that 13 aspects of quality of life (QoL) were poorer for older adults, but only sparse, inconsistent cross-cultural evidence is available. This statement was investigated using a reliable, valid measure (the WHOQOL-HIV) distributed in nine cultures (eight ...
Abdal-Barr Mohamed G - - 2012
Aims: We explored whether QT corrected dispersion (QTcD) can identify left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertensives. Methods. We enrolled 100 hypertensive patients (study group) and 30 normotensive subjects (control group). Echocardiography was performed to measure left ventricular mass and left ventricular mass index. Electrocardiogram was performed to measure QTcD. Results. ...
Ramasamy Karthik - - 2012
The response of the tumour microenvironment to anti-cancer drugs can influence treatment efficacy. Current drug-screening methodologies fail to distinguish and quantify simultaneously the concomitant effect of drugs on the tumour stroma and cancer cells. To overcome this limitation we have developed a fluorescence-based experimental model that employs mCherry-labelled stromal cells ...
Beattie Angela M - - 2012
Objective  Individuals who have had one diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) are at high risk for developing further DFUs. This study was designed to examine the emotional and behavioural consequences of living with this heightened risk of re-ulceration. Participants and setting  Fifteen women and men living in south-west England were interviewed ...
Wu Ling - - 2012
Previously we have shown that the increased cartilage production in pellet co-cultures of chondrocytes and bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) is due to a trophic role of the MSC in stimulating chondrocyte proliferation and matrix production rather than MSCs actively undergoing chondrogenic differentiation. These studies were performed in ...
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