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Fogelson Noa N Department of Psychology, University of A Coruña, Campus de Elviña, 15071 La Coruña, Spain. - - 2012
We investigated the effect of abstract versus real-life meaningful images from sports on local contextual processing in two groups of professional athletes. Local context was defined as the occurrence of a short predictive series of stimuli occurring before delivery of a target event. EEG was recorded in 10 professional basketball ...
Jaquillard Lucie - - 2012
There is continued interest in the determination by ESI-MS of equilibrium dissociation constants (K(D)) that accurately reflect the affinity of a protein-ligand complex in solution. Issues in the measurement of K(D) are compounded in the case of low affinity complexes. Here we present a K(D) measurement method and corresponding mathematical ...
Kovalska Maria - - 2012
The MAPK/ERK/p38 are signal transduction pathways that couple intracellular responses to the external stimuli. Contrary to ERK protein which is part of the survival route, presence of p38 could have an impact on cell injury. Tolerance induced by ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a phenomenon of tissue adaptation, which results in ...
Ekici Faysal - - 2012
PURPOSE: The goal of our study was to measure the prevalence of anomalies in the extracranial segment of internal carotid artery (ICA), to measure the carotid-pharyngeal distance (CPD). METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) angiography images of 607 patients were retrospectively examined. The course anomaly and CPD were obtained at different image ...
Mansueto P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lymphoid aggregates are normally found throughout the small and large intestine. Known as lymphoid nodular hyperplasia (LNH), these aggregates are observed especially in young children and are not associated with clinical symptoms being considered 'physiological'. In children presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms the number and size of the lymphoid follicles ...
Wong Kok Loon - - 2012
Human blood monocytes are heterogeneous and conventionally subdivided into two subsets based on CD16 expression. Recently, the official nomenclature subdivides monocytes into three subsets, the additional subset arising from the segregation of the CD16+ monocytes into two based on relative expression of CD14. Recent whole genome analysis reveal that specialized ...
van Monsjou Hester S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) mainly affects patients between the fifth and seventh decade of life but is increasingly seen in young patients (<40 years old). Controversy exists in the literature regarding outcomes for younger patients with HNSCC. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed comparing survival ...
Li Yun-Xia - - 2012
Forsythiaside was characterized by low intestinal absorption by in situ rat experiment and Caco-2 cells. The mechanisms behind this low absorption had not yet been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of efflux transporters in the intestinal absorption of forsythiaside as a potential mechanism for ...
Fløvig John Chr - - 2012
Background and aims: To describe use of and adherence to psychotropic medication 1 week prior to acute admission to a psychiatric inpatient department. Methods: All acute inpatient admissions to a department serving a catchment area were included. Results and conclusions: Of the 227 admissions, 158 were prescribed psychotropic medication and ...
Accardi Michael V - - 2012
Parasitic nematode infection of humans and livestock is a major problem globally. Attempts to control nematode populations have led to the development of several classes of anthelmintic, which target cys-loop ligand-gated ion channels. Unlike the vertebrate nervous system, the nematode nervous system possesses a large and diversified array of ligand-gated ...
Mitchell J A - - 2012
Objective:To determine if time spent in objectively measured sedentary behavior is associated with a change in body mass index (BMI) between ages 9 and 15 years, adjusting for moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA).Design:Prospective observational study of children at ages 9 (2000), 11 (2002), 12 (2003) and 15 years (2006). Longitudinal quantile ...
O'Neill B J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic higher surgical trainees in Ireland are allocated to one of eight training rotations. Each trainee is expected to publish at least one research paper per year during training. AIM: To assess the research productivity of each training rotation over a 10-year period. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed ...
Awofala Awoyemi A - - 2012
Whilst the effects and associated costs of excessive alcohol consumption in the human population are obvious at one level, the roles played by genetic factors at the molecular level are still unclear. Drosophila melanogaster has an alcohol response comparable to humans and is used as a genetic model to study ...
Do Paul - - 2012
Plastic bronchitis is the occlusion of the major bronchial airways by a firm, gelatinous mucoid cast. It is a rare condition, which while classically described in asthma and sickle cell disease has greater mortality in patients with congenital heart disease. The management of this disease is obscure given the lack ...
Zhang Jian-Guo - - 2012
RDX as a component in composition B (TNT + RDX) was first studied by us on its mechanism and kinetics of decomposition reactions in this paper. We have pointed out three possible pathways and found a new low-energy process of its decomposition. The N-N bond cleavage in composition B has ...
Zhu Zhen-Yuan - - 2012
Ergosterol 3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1a) and ergosterol 3-O-β-d-galactopyranoside (1b) were highly efficiently synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activities against two tumor cell lines. The structures of these compounds were extensively confirmed by (1)H, (13)C NMR, IR, and HRMS. Compounds 1a and 1b exhibited interesting cytotoxic profiles. The antitumor activity of compound ...
Zheng Xin - - 2012
The curve pattern of idiopathic scoliosis is important for making decisions concerning bracing. However, whether the curve pattern changes during brace treatment have not been fully documented. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of curve pattern during brace treatment in skeletally immature patients with adolescent idiopathic ...
Sezer Selda Demircan - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare maternal and umbilical cord serum levels of the angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors in early- and late-onset pre-eclamptic pregnancies as well as in normal pregnancies, which might have significant importance in the etiology of pre-eclampsia. Materials and Methods: This prospective case-control study ...
Samuele Alberta - - 2012
Drug development is a long and expensive process. It starts from the identification of a small molecule (hit compound) endowed with the ability to suppress a cellular or viral enzyme essential for the development of a given disease and proceeds through subsequent rounds of structural changes and optimization until the ...
Palmer Suetonia C - - 2012
Antiplatelet agents are used to prevent cardiovascular events; however, treatment effects may differ in persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD) because atherosclerotic disease is less prevalent, whereas bleeding hazards may be increased in this population. To summarize the effects of antiplatelet treatment on cardiovascular events, mortality, and bleeding in persons ...
Patel Hiren - - 2012
The use of polypropylene (PP) mesh for pelvic floor repair has been increasing dramatically over the past decade; however, tissue response in humans has not been extensively studied. This review discusses PP mesh and postimplantation host tissue response. Emphasis is placed on studies investigating the relationship between individual mesh properties ...
Gago-Arias A - - 2012
This work is devoted to studying the influence of chamber response functions on the standard IMRT verification for the different detector technologies available on commercial devices. We have tested three of the most used 2D detector arrays for radiotherapy dosimetry verification, based on air-ionization chambers and diode detectors. The response ...
Shi Guosheng - - 2012
Interactions of anions with simple aromatic compounds have received growing attention due to their relevancy in various fields. Yet, the anion-π interactions are generally very weak, for example, there is no favorable anion-π interaction for the halide anion F(-) on the simplest benzene surface unless the H-atoms are substituted by ...
Tfelt-Hansen Peer C - - 2012
Lasmiditan is a novel selective 5-HT(1F) receptor agonist. It is both scientifically and clinically relevant to review whether a 5-HT(1F) receptor agonist is effective in the acute treatment of migraine. Two RCTs in the phase II development of lasmiditan was reviewed. In the intravenous placebo-controlled RCT, lasmiditan doses of 2.5-45 mg ...
Holmes T - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Cord blood (CB) has been established to be an alternative source of haematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HPC) for transplantation. The number of HPC per CB unit is limited, which results in engraftment delay. Ex vivo expansion of HPC improvement must overcome this. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flow cytometry was used to ...
Song Z-C - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Oxygen deficiency caused by occlusal trauma and smoking can be present in patients with periodontitis. However, biochemical events important in periodontal tissues during hypoxia remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of hypoxia on apoptosis and autophagy of human periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) in vitro. ...
Fernandez Ana M - - 2012
Central and peripheral insulin-like peptides (ILPs), which include insulin, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and IGF2, exert many effects in the brain. Through their actions on brain growth and differentiation, ILPs contribute to building circuitries that subserve metabolic and behavioural adaptation to internal and external cues of energy availability. In ...
Dippner Joachim W - - 2012
Since 2001/2002, the correlation between North Atlantic Oscillation index and biological variables in the North Sea and Baltic Sea fails, which might be addressed to a global climate regime shift. To understand inter-annual and inter-decadal variability in environmental variables, a new multivariate index for the Baltic Sea is developed and ...
Kiefer Kerstin - - 2012
Type I interferons (IFNs) are a family of cytokines involved in the defense against viral infections that play a key role in the activation of both the innate and adaptive immune system. IFNs both directly and indirectly enhance the capacity of B lymphocytes to respond to viral challenge and produce ...
Paulis Ludovit - - 2012
Although various effective treatments for hypertension are available, novel therapies to reduce elevated blood pressure, improve blood-pressure control, treat resistant hypertension, and reduce the associated cardiovascular risk factors are still required. A novel angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB) was approved in 2011, and additional compounds are in development or being tested in ...
Shikata Kentaro - - 2012
Abstract Background. Serum pepsinogen (sPG) levels have been established as a good marker of chronic atrophic gastritis and the sequential occurrence of gastric cancer. However, there have been few prospective investigations which investigated the predictive performance of sPG for future gastric cancer incidence. Subjects and methods. We prospectively followed-up a ...
Lambert J-C - - 2012
Recently, several genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have led to the discovery of nine new loci of genetic susceptibility in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the landscape of the AD genetic susceptibility is far away to be complete and in addition to single-SNP (single-nucleotide polymorphism) analyses as performed in conventional GWAS, complementary ...
Paik Sang Kyoo - - 2012
Unlike other primary sensory neurons, the neurons in the mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus (Vmes) receive most of their synaptic input onto their somata. Detailed description of the synaptic boutons onto Vmes neurons is crucial for understanding the synaptic input onto these neurons and their role in the motor control of masticatory ...
Holm N G - - 2012
Magnesium plays a special role in biochemistry because of its ability to coordinate six oxygen atoms efficiently in its first coordination shell. Such oxygen atoms may be part of one or two charged oxyanions, which means that Mg²⁺ can, for instance, tie together two different phosphate groups that are located ...
Amadou Hamadoun - - 2012
We undertook a comparative analysis of (peri-)urban livestock production strategies across three West African cities. Using a semi-structured questionnaire, livestock-keeping households (HH) were interviewed in Kano/Nigeria (84 HH), Bobo Dioulasso/Burkina Faso (63 HH) and Sikasso/Mali (63 HH). Questions covered livestock species kept, herd sizes and structure, feeds used, manure management, ...
Jin Sha - - 2012
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) require specific niches for adhesion, expansion, and lineage-specific differentiation. In this study, we showed that a membrane substrate offers better tissue niches for hESC attachment, spreading, proliferation, and differentiation. The cell doubling time was shortened from 46.3±5.7h for hESCs grown on solid substrates to 25.6±2.6h ...
Shenk Mary K - - 2012
SummaryRecent work in human behavioural ecology has suggested that analyses focusing on early childhood may underestimate the importance of paternal investment to child outcomes since such investment may not become crucial until adolescence or beyond. This may be especially important in societies with a heritable component to status, as later ...
Kusafuka Kimihide - - 2012
Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a highly aggressive salivary gland carcinoma, and the mucin-rich variant of SDC (mSDC) is extremely rare. We report herein one case of salivary mSDC, showing predominantly signet-ring cell features. The patient was an 84-year-old Japanese woman, who noticed swelling in the left submandibular region. The ...
Stevens Michael T - - 2012
Although considerable research has explored how tree growth and defense can be influenced by genotype, the biotic environment, and their interaction, little is known about how genotypic differences, prior defoliation, and their interactive effects persist in trees that re-grow after damage that severs their primary stem. To address these issues, ...
Tofalo Rosanna - - 2012
Six naturally fermented (Greek-style) table olives of cultivars Itrana, Peranzana, Cellina di Nardò, Nocellara del Belice and Bella di Cerignola, as well as their corresponding brines, were studied by a combined strategy consisting of chemical, microbiological and molecular analyses. In particular, organic acids, sugars, polyphenols, fatty acids, biogenic amines and ...
Lucchese G - - 2012
The proteomics era allows for the definition of biological organisms at the protein level, offering new opportunities for delimiting the self- and non-self boundaries between microbes and the human host. Here, we apply proteomics to design a vaccine against the major pathogenic factor of Campylobacter jejuni, i.e. cytolethal distending toxin ...
Ahn Kyung-Sik - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between clinical impairment and MRI findings in patients with adhesive capsulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast-enhanced MRI of 97 patients with a clinical diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis (AC) were retrospectively reviewed. Specific MRI criteria, including thickness and gadolinium enhancement of the joint capsule in the axillary ...
Wei Dong - - 2012
The Red recombinase system, the most convenient genetic tool applied in Escherichia coli and other bacteria, was introduced for gene replacement in Klebsiella pneumoniae. The novel K. pneumoniae gene replacement system comprised the Red and FLP recombinases expression vector pDK6-red and pDK6-flp, and linear DNA fragments which encompassed a selective ...
Huda Walter - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Patient organ doses may be estimated from CTDI values. More accurate estimates may be obtained by measuring KERMA (Kinetic Energy Released in Matter) in anthropomorphic phantoms and referencing these values to free-in-air X-ray intensity. OBJECTIVE: To measure KERMA ratios (R(K)) in pediatric phantoms at CT. MATERIALS & METHODS: CT ...
Moore Sally - - 2012
Patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma can be cured with stem cell transplantation if they are shown to have disease that is responsive to salvage chemotherapy. Patients who fail to respond to first-line salvage chemotherapy tend to do very poorly. Here we report on 39 such patients who received mini-BEAM ...
Yu Feng - - 2012
The potential energy profiles of five selected bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (S(N) 2) reactions at nitrogen (N) center have been reinvestigated with the CCSD(T), G3[MP2,CCSD(T)], MP2, and some density functional methods. The basis sets of 6-31+G(d,p) and 6-311+G(3d,2p) are used for the MP2 and density functional calculations. Taking the relative energies ...
Nishimura Yoshiaki V - - 2012
Correct neuronal migration is crucial for brain architecture and function. During cerebral cortex development (corticogenesis), excitatory neurons generated in the proliferative zone of the dorsal telencephalon (mainly ventricular zone) move through the intermediate zone and migrate past the neurons previously located in the cortical plate and come to rest just ...
Aeinleng Nunchanit - - 2012
A transdermal formulation of indomethacin (IMC) was developed by incorporation into cholesteryl cetyl carbonate (CCC). The liquid crystalline phase properties of the IMC-CCC mixture were detected by polarized light microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. A low drug loading was obtained (1-5 %) similar to that used in conventional topical IMC in ...
Li S - - 2012
What is known and Objective:  The assessment of bioequivalence of drugs intended for local action/targeted delivery and with poor systemic absorption presents unique challenges. Approaches such as pharmacodynamic (PD) bioequivalence testing have been proposed as alternatives to pharmacokinetic (PK) bioequivalence studies. Our objective is to comment on when PD bioequivalence ...
Bordes Frédéric - - 2012
Sex-biased parasitism is rarely investigated in relation to host tolerance and resistance, which are two defense strategies hosts can adopt when challenged by parasites. Health or fitness deteriorations in less tolerant individuals with increasing parasite burden would be faster than those in more tolerant ones. Hence, the body condition and ...
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