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Serrano Selva Juan P - - 2012
The aim of this experiment was to examine the efficacy of life review based on autobiographical retrieval practice for treating depression in older adults. Thirty-seven clinically depressed older adults aged 64-83, who were also receiving pharmacological treatment, were randomly assigned to life review therapy or to a placebo condition with ...
Figueiredo-Ferraz Hugo - - 2012
Burnout and job satisfaction among nursing professionals. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between burnout and job satisfaction among nursing professionals. The sample consisted of 316 staff nurses. The study was longitudinal, and not randomized. The gap between Time 1 (T1) and Time 2 (T2) was ...
de la Fuente Arias Jesús - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the exploratory and confirmatory structure, as well as other psychometric properties, of the Cuestionario de Problemas de Convivencia Escolar (CPCE; in Spanish, the Questionnaire on School Maladjustment Problems [QSMP]), using a sample of Spanish adolescents. The instrument was administered to 60 secondary ...
Cecchini Estrada José A - - 2012
The learning and motor development transfer process. The aim of this study is to analyze the transference process in motor skill learning. For this purpose, 320 boys and girls, with ages ranging from 3 to 12 years (M= 7.61; SD= 2.61), took part in nine object movement reception drills in ...
Suárez Coalla Paz - - 2012
Is dyslexia a visual perceptive disorder? New empirical data. Several studies have shown that a phonological deficit is the origin of developmental dyslexia, because dyslexics have important difficulties in mapping orthographic to phonological codes. However, visual criteria are still used for the diagnosis of dyslexia and to develop methods of ...
- - 2012
Cover Picture: Viral structural protein aggregates during bioprocessing of virus-like particles (VLPs). Formation of higher order structures was investigated with high-resolution static light scattering technique, providing quantitative information on the competition between productive VLP assembly and undesirable aggregation. See related article by Middelberg et. al., Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Volume 107, ...
Ximénez Gómez Carmen - - 2012
Factor analysis of ipsative data: A simulation study. This paper introduces a summary on how to proceed to conduct a factor analysis when the input data are ipsative. The classical factor analysis procedures cannot be used because the covariance matrix is singular. Additionally, previous research on the optimal conditions to ...
Sebastián María V - - 2012
This study examined in a Spanish population the developmental pattern of digit span, as an index of one of the components of Baddeley's working memory-the phonological loop. A verbal digit span was administered to 570 participants ranging from 5 to 17 years old. The results indicated that the digit memory ...
Rosário Pedro - - 2012
Prediction of Mathematics achievement: Effect of personal, socioeducational and contextual variables . Based upon the self-regulated learning theoretical framework this study examined to what extent students' Math school achievement (fifth to ninth graders from compulsory education) can be explained by different cognitive-motivational, social, educational, and contextual variables. A sample of ...
Beneyto Molina Vicent B - - 2012
Is an optimistic memory less easily influenced by negative than by positive emotions? This work examines whether a positive personality trait, such as optimism, can reduce bias in differential words recalled after inducing a certain emotion. After showing a list of words with various emotional valences to a group of ...
Sierra Juan C - - 2012
Evaluation of the factorial and metric equivalence of the Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) by sex. Sexual assertiveness refers to the ability to initiate sexual activity, refuse unwanted sexual activity, and use contraceptive methods to avoid sexually transmitted diseases, developing healthy sexual behaviors. The Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) assesses these three ...
Baker Courtney N - - 2012
This study examined the association between recollected parental child-rearing strategies and individual differences in self-regulation, socio-emotional adjustment, and psychopathology in early adulthood. Undergraduate participants (N = 286) completed the EMBU - a measure of retrospective accounts of their parents' child-rearing behaviors - as well as self-report measures of self-regulation and ...
Orgilés Mireia - - 2012
Marital breakup has been associated with numerous behavioral problems in children, such as sexual risk behaviors. This research is the first to examine sexual behaviors of Spanish adolescents related to whether their parents were married or divorced. Participants were 342 boys and girls aged between 14 and 18 years. The ...
Tur-Porcar Ana - - 2012
Parenting and children's aggression: Are there differences in the influence of the father and the mother? Child rearing provides messages and rules that mediate the children's personality. These messages have a positive or negative influence on their behaviour. The objective of this empirical study was to analyse the relationship between ...
Li Mengnai - - 2012
A digastric approach has been used successfully to treat adult patients with femoral neck osteochondromas; however, to our knowledge, this has not been described in pediatric patients with open proximal femur growth plates. A case of femoral neck osteochondroma in an 11-year-old boy is presented and treatment using a digastric ...
Vasquez Carol - - 2012
Studies have shown that N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors play a critical role in pain processing at different levels of the central nervous system. In this study, we used female adult Wistar rats to examine the effects of antagonizing the NR2B subunit of the NMDA receptor in phasic and tonic pain processes. ...
Betancor-Rodríguez Verónica - - 2012
Terrorists and victims. Infrahumanization of Moroccans after 11-M. Infrahumanization studies have verified that most people attribute more secondary emotions to the ingroup than to the outgroup. However, these results may vary with changing contexts. The main objective of this study was to investigate the infrahumanization of Moroccans, depending on the ...
- - 2012
Cover: A model of conditioning of MSCs by "microenvironmental niches" in vitro. Please see article in this issue by Prockop and Oh, pages 1460-1469.
Elo Teresa - - 2012
Transgenic (Tg) mice expressing human fibroblast growth factor 8b (FGF8-b) under the probasin promoter (Tg [Pbsn-FGF8] L2-L5Elo; hereafter referred to as FGF8-b-Tg) were shown to produce FGF8-b at high levels in the prostate and epididymis and at lower levels in the testis. The present study examined the effects of FGF8-b ...
Vigil-Colet Andreu - - 2012
Although many studies have focused on the effects of social desirability in personality measures, few have analysed its effects on such highly undesirable behaviour as aggressiveness. The present study analyzes the impact of social desirability on measures of direct and indirect aggression and on the relationships between both kinds of ...
Jeong Hyejin - - 2012
We examined the effects of different anesthetics on cerebral oxygenation and systemic hemodynamics in patients undergoing surgery in beach chair position (BCP). Jugular venous bulb oxygen saturation (SjvO2) and regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO2) were determined while patients were placed from the supine to BCP. Whether SctO2 and SjvO2 ...
Casares-López María J - - 2012
Evaluation of the effectiveness of a prison-based drug treatment. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of a drug-free unit (DFU) in reducing the use of substances by incarcerated adult offenders, and to analyze changes in the addiction severity index, motivation, and personality caused by the program. This is an external ...
Gutiérrez-Maldonado José - - 2012
Influence of perceived social support and functioning on the quality of life of patients with schizophrenia and their caregivers. Perception of social support and functioning of patients with schizophrenia and their primary caregivers and its relationship to quality of life are described. Forty-five patients and their 45 relatives, treated at ...
Moreno-Jiménez Bernardo - - 2012
Research on burnout and turnover intentions offers some inconsistent findings about the effects of commitment. In addition, a factor which is insufficiently studied in the turnover field is the relationship with the recipient of physicians' work, that is, the patient. This study contributes to the research literature by examining how ...
Ortiz Bonnín Silvia - - 2012
Validation of the Spanish version of the Frankfurt Emotion Work Scales. This study presents the validity and reliability analysis of a questionnaire that assesses emotion work in the service sector. Emotion work is a term introduced by Hochschild (1983) and it refers to the expression of organizationally desirable emotions to ...
Gámez-Guadix Manuel - - 2012
Child-to-parent violence and its association with exposure to marital violence and parent-to-child violence. The aims of this study were: (a) to examine the relationships between the exposure to different types of family violence (intraparental violence and parent-to-child aggression) and the perpetration of child-to-parent violence (CPV); (b) to analyze sex differences ...
López Verónica - - 2012
Scale of organizational learning in schools. Organizational learning is a key element for the development of organizations. School organizations are not exempt from this challenge and they currently face a highly dynamic and demanding context of education policies that emphasize the school's ability to learn. Thus, research on organizational learning ...
Pamies Aubalat Lidia - - 2012
Avoidance coping style and the risk of developing an eating disorder in adolescents. The first aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between coping styles and strategies in Spanish adolescents of both genders, with high and low eating disorder risk. Secondly, this study aims to examine the relation ...
Schofield Paul N - - 2012
The use of model organisms to provide information on gene function has proved to be a powerful approach to our understanding of both human disease and fundamental mammalian biology. Large-scale community projects using mice, based on forward and reverse genetics, and now the pan-genomic phenotyping efforts of the International Mouse ...
Ewan Eric E - - 2012
Neuropathic pain attenuates opioid facilitation of rewarding electrical stimulation of limbic dopaminergic pathways originating from the ventral tegmental area. Whether neuropathic pain alters opioid effects of other brain-reward systems is unknown. Control and spinal nerve-ligated (SNL) rats had electrodes implanted into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus or medial ...
Mehta Neil K - - 2012
Few prior studies have investigated the health of U.S. immigrants from the former Soviet Union (FSU). Utilizing data from the 2000 U.S. census and the 2000-2007 National Health Interview Survey (NIHS), we compare levels of disability of FSU immigrants with U.S.-born whites (ages 50-84). Our findings suggest an "epidemiologic paradox" ...
Garcia Julie - - 2012
Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) has a significant role in embryonic heart formation and in various pathologies. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate EndMT induction remain to be elucidated. We show that suppression of receptor tyrosine kinase Tie1 but not Tie2 induces human endothelial cells to undergo EndMT and that Slug deficiency ...
Russell Shannon L - - 2012
Allergic asthma rates have increased steadily in developed countries, arguing for an environmental aetiology. To assess the influence of gut microbiota on experimental murine allergic asthma, we treated neonatal mice with clinical doses of two widely used antibiotics--streptomycin and vancomycin--and evaluated resulting shifts in resident flora and subsequent susceptibility to ...
Pshenichnaya Irina - - 2012
c-Myc is involved in the control of diverse cellular processes and implicated in the maintenance of different tissues including the neural crest. Here, we report that c-Myc is particularly important for pigment cell development and homeostasis. Targeting c-Myc specifically in the melanocyte lineage using the floxed allele of c-Myc and ...
DeLeon Jesse J Center for Clinical Trials, LLC, Paramount, CA, - - 2012
Besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% given thrice daily for 5 days is safe and effective in the treatment of patients with bacterial conjunctivitis. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% administered twice daily for 3 days compared with vehicle in the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. This ...
Warkman Andrew S AS Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, Arizona 85724, - - 2012
The mammalian heart expresses two myosin heavy chain (MYH) genes (Myh6 and Myh7), which are major components of the thick filaments of the sarcomere. We have determined that a third MYH, MYH7B, is also expressed in the myocardium. Developmental analysis shows Myh7b expression in cardiac and skeletal muscle of Xenopus, ...
Okada Iyo I Department of Nanobiology, Graduate School of Advanced Integration Science, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, - - 2012
In Xenopus oocytes, extremely giant nuclei, termed germinal vesicles, contain a large amount of actin filaments most likely for mechanical integrity. Here, we show that microinjection of phalloidin, an F-actin-stabilizing drug, prevents the germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in oocytes treated with progesterone. These nuclei remained for more 12 h after ...
Garnham Christopher P CP Cell Biology and Biophysics Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2012
Cellular microtubules are marked by abundant and evolutionarily conserved post-translational modifications that have the potential to tune their functions. This review focuses on the astonishing chemical complexity introduced in the tubulin heterodimer at the post-translational level and summarizes the recent advances in identifying the enzymes responsible for these modifications and ...
Cheung Winson Y WY Division of Medical Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, - - 2012
The matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family of proteins mediates various cellular pathways, including apoptosis and angiogenesis. Polymorphisms of MMP genes are associated with increased esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) risk. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is an established EAC risk factor. We examined whether MMP polymorphism-EAC risk is modified by GERD. In total, 309 ...
Yi Fei - - 2012
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are adult stem cells with a self-renewal and multipotent capability and express extensively in multitudinous tissues. We found that water channel aquaporin-5 (AQP5) is expressed in bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMMSCs) in the plasma membrane pattern. BMMSCs from AQP5(-/-) mice showed significantly lower plasma membrane water permeability ...
Davies M - - 2012
Incretin-based therapies have a glucose-dependent mode of action that results in excellent glucose-lowering efficacy with very low risk of hypoglycaemia, and weight neutrality [dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors] or weight loss [glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists], in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) complement physician evaluations of ...
Ishii Sho - - 2012
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) 2L1 protein is a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channel family. In circumvallate and foliate papillae, PKD2L1 is coexpressed with PKD1L3. PKD2L1 and PKD1L3 interact through their transmembrane domain and the resulting heteromer PKD1L3/PKD2L1 owns a unique channel property called 'off-responses' to acid ...
Snyder David A - - 2012
The ribosome consists of small and large subunits each composed of dozens of proteins and RNA molecules. However, the functions of many of the individual protomers within the ribosome are still unknown. In this article, we describe the solution NMR structure of the ribosomal protein RP-L35Ae from the archaeon Pyrococcus ...
Henoumont Céline - - 2012
Enhanced nonenzymatic glycosylation (NEG) of human serum albumin (HSA) is observed in diabetic patients. This modifies some of the physiological functions of HSA, as the binding of ligands. Some gadolinium complexes, commonly used as MRI contrast agents, have a high affinity for HSA, which enhances their efficacy. The aim of ...
Heider Margaret R - - 2012
The exocyst complex is an evolutionarily conserved multisubunit protein complex implicated in tethering secretory vesicles to the plasma membrane. Originally identified two decades ago in budding yeast, investigations using several different eukaryotic systems have since made great progress toward determination of the overall structure and organization of the eight exocyst ...
Yeatts Andrew B - - 2012
Cell-based tissue engineering is limited by the size of cell-containing constructs that can be successfully cultured in vitro. This limit is largely a result of the slow diffusion of molecules such as oxygen into the interior of three-dimensional scaffolds in static culture. Bioreactor culture has been shown to overcome these ...
Ye Shuji - - 2012
Ion channels play crucial roles in transport and regulatory functions of living cells. Understanding the gating mechanisms of these channels is important to understanding and treating diseases that have been linked to ion channels. One potential model peptide for studying the mechanism of ion channel gating is alamethicin, which adopts ...
Ganguly Anutosh A Department of Integrative Biology and Pharmacology, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2012
Mitotic centromere associated kinesin (MCAK) is a kinesin related protein with the ability to stimulate microtubule depolymerization. It is found at spindle poles, where it may be involved in poleward microtubule flux, and at kinetochores and centromeres where it plays a role in correcting chromosome alignment errors. Its microtubule depolymerase ...
Turgeon O'Brien Huguette - - 2012
Arctic populations are exposed to substantial levels of environmental contaminants that can negatively affect children's health and development. Moreover, emerging contaminants have never been assessed in Inuit children. In this study, we document the biological exposure to toxic metals and legacy and emerging persistent organic pollutants (POPs) of 155 Inuit ...
Ney Steven - - 2012
Health has become a policy issue of global concern. Worried that the unstructured, polycentric, and pluralist nature of global health governance is undermining the ability to serve emergent global public health interests, some commentators are calling for a more systematic institutional response to the "global health crisis." Yet global health ...
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