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Results 351 - 400 of 3127
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Kalhan Satish C - - 2012
Methionine and folate are the key components of one carbon metabolism, providing the methyl groups for numerous methyl transferase reactions via the ubiquitous methyl donor, s-adenosyl methionine. Methionine metabolism is responsive to nutrient intake, is regulated by several hormones and requires a number of vitamins (B12, pyridoxine, riboflavin) as co-factors. ...
Carlsson Anja M - - 2012
SUMMARYIn order to quantify the impact of parasites on host population dynamics, experimental manipulations that perturb the parasite-host relationship are needed but, logistically, this is difficult for wild hosts. Here, we describe the use of a delayed-release anthelmintic delivery system that can be administered when the hosts can be captured ...
Morishige Tomohiro - - 2012
It has gradually become evident that nanomaterials, which are widely used in cosmetics, foods, and medicinal products, could induce substantial inflammation. However, the roles played by the physical characteristics of nanomaterials in inflammatory responses have not been elucidated. Here, we examined how particle size and surface modification influenced the inflammatory ...
SuhodolĨan Lovro - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vitro biomechanical characteristics of patellar tendon ligaments (BTB) when stored as fresh frozen or as glycerol cryopreserved allografts. METHODS: Seventy patellar tendons were harvested from 35 cadaveric human donors and randomly assigned into seven groups. Grafts in group FRESH were mechanically tested within 2 h of ...
VAN Mossel C - - 2012
VAN MOSSEL C., LEITZ L., SCOTT S., DAUDT H., DENNIS D., WATSON H., ALFORD M., MITCHELL A., PAYEUR N., COSBY C., LEVI-MILNE R. & PURKIS M.E. (2012) European Journal of Cancer Care Information needs across the colorectal cancer care continuum: scoping the literature Because cancer care requires a multifaceted approach, ...
Wei Shihu - - 2012
To verify the anti-inflammatory potency of iridoids, three iridoids (two natural, loganic acid: LA; geniposide: GE; and an artefact, 7(S)-n-butyl morroniside: BM) were investigated in vitro on the inhibition of superoxide generation in human neutrophils. All compounds showed inhibitory effect on fMLP-induced superoxide generation in a concentration-dependent manner with the following ...
Afolaranmi Grace A - - 2012
Metal-on-metal hip replacement implants generate wear debris and release ions both locally and systemically in patients. To investigate dissemination of metal, we determined blood and organ levels of cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and molybdenum (Mo) following the implantation of Co-Cr alloy wear debris in mice using skin pouches as a ...
Shinji Junpei - - 2012
The penaeid prawn, Litopenaeus vannamei, was employed to investigate intracellular isosmotic regulation in situations where invertebrates encounter hyposmosis. Hemolymph osmolality was first analyzed to confirm osmoregulatory conditions in the experimental animals, followed by analysis of amino acids in muscle and hemolymph using high-performance liquid chromatography. Total muscle amino acid levels ...
Barghi Mandana - - 2012
Our aim for carrying out this study was to estimate the levels of mercury in the hair of pregnant women and its association with fish consumption and amalgam fillings. From November 2007 to January 2008, 100 hair samples were collected randomly from three groups of pregnant women: Ahvaz in the ...
Skelly C L - - 2012
Outcomes of cardiovascular procedures, such as angioplasty and stent or bypass grafting are limited by failure, predominantly caused by pathological smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation, known as intimal hyperplasia. Local delivery of a genetically engineered herpes simplex virus (HSV) is known to block vascular SMC proliferation while allowing for re-endothelialization. ...
Heinzel Alexander - - 2012
PURPOSE: Several diagnostic trials have indicated that the combined use of (18)F-fluoroethyl-L: -tyrosine (FET) PET and MRI may be superior to MRI alone in selecting the biopsy site for the diagnosis of gliomas. We estimated the cost-effectiveness of the use of amino acid PET compared to MRI alone from the ...
Fu Zhen-Guo - - 2012
We theoretically study the effect of localized magnetic impurities on two-dimensional topological superconductor (TSC). We show that the local density of states (LDOS) can be tuned by the effective exchange field m, the chemical potential μ of TSC, and the distance Δr as well as the relative spin angle α ...
Auriemma Matteo - - 2012
The neuropeptide α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a well-known mediator of skin pigmentation. More recently, it has been shown that α-MSH also exerts a strong anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive activity. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying α-MSH-induced immunosuppression, we investigated whether α-MSH affects dendritic cell/T cell communication, as especially this interaction has an ...
Crovetto Francesca - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Little is known about pregnancy in women with Alport syndrome (AS), as only four cases have been reported in the literature. We herein describe the course of pregnancy in two sisters with overt forms of AS. CASES: Both women were diagnosed as having autosomal recessive AS. Before pregnancy, their ...
Ferraldeschi Roberta - - 2012
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the gene encoding aromatase (CYP19A1) have been associated with differential benefit from letrozole treatment in metastatic breast cancer (mBC) patients, but validation is lacking. The aim was to investigate whether polymorphic variation of CYP19A1 and enzymes involved in estrogen and aromatase inhibitors (AIs) metabolism are ...
Sinfield P - - 2012
SINFIELD P., BAKER R., ALI S. & RICHARDSON A. (2012) European Journal of Cancer Care The needs of carers of men with prostate cancer and barriers and enablers to meeting them: a qualitative study in England The aim of this study was to explore the needs of carers of men ...
Furnham Adrian - - 2012
This study looks at lay people's knowledge and use of the defence mechanisms. It focused on 21 of the better known "Freudian" defence mechanisms. A total of 208 participants (73 males and 135 females) completed a questionnaire regarding their knowledge and reported personal use of 21 defence mechanisms and a ...
Stojiljkovic Nenad - - 2012
Frequent therapeutical use of an aminoglycoside antibiotic gentamicin (GM) is limited by its nephrotoxic effects often characterized by both morphological and functional alterations of kidney leading to acute renal failure. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of dietary calcium supplementation on GM-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Experiments ...
Lee Wing-Hin - - 2012
Increasing demand exists for the development of a tissue-engineered alternative in the repair of nonunion and critical-sized bone defects. The delivery of osteoinductive proteins, such as bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), to replicate physiological bone-healing process appears a logical and promising option, but is currently limited in its clinical application due ...
Isohätälä J - - 2012
We study theoretically the dynamical rectification of a terahertz AC electric field, i.e. the DC current and voltage response to the incident radiation, in strongly coupled semiconductor superlattices. We address the problem of stability against electric field domains: a spontaneous DC voltage is known to appear exactly for parameters for which a spatially homogeneous ...
Takakura Nobuyuki - - 2012
It is widely accepted that tumors contain cancer stem cells (CSCs) possessing self-renewal potential as well as the ability to generate numerous cancer cells. CSCs are resistant to conventional cancer therapy and have greater invasive and metastatic behavior. It has been suggested that blood vessels provide a niche that maintains ...
Korver Nikie - - 2012
A longitudinal focus on gene-environment vulnerability and resilience in both patients, their unaffected family members and non-related controls offers the opportunity to elucidate etiological and pathogenetic factors influencing the onset and course of psychotic disorders. The current paper delineates the objectives, sample characteristics, recruitment and assessment procedures of the Genetic ...
Aune D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Dietary carbohydrate, glycemic index, and glycemic load are thought to influence colorectal cancer risk through hyperinsulinemia. We review and quantitatively summarize in a meta-analysis the evidence from prospective cohort studies. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database for prospective studies of carbohydrate, glycemic index, and glycemic load and colorectal cancer ...
Agnew Amanda M - - 2012
Osteoporosis is a major health concern in modern society and is continually being evaluated in past populations by quantifying bone loss. Cortical area measures are commonly used in anthropological analyses to assess bone loss in the ribs, but these values are typically based on endosteal expansion and do not account ...
Luna Maria Celeste - - 2012
We studied the morphological variation of the nuptial pads using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in 26 species of phyllomedusines (Anura: Hylidae), representing the five currently recognized genera. All phyllomedusines have single nuptial pads with dark colored epidermal projections (EPs). Spine-shaped EPs occur in Cruziohyla calcarifer, Phrynomedusa appendiculata ...
Kim Su Kang - - 2012
Lymphotoxin beta receptor (LTBR) is essential for development and organization of the secondary lymphoid tissues. To investigate whether LTBR polymorphisms are associated with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in Korean children, One hundred ninety nine patients with IgAN and 289 controls were recruited. Two promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs3759333, -1387C/T and ...
Kato Yuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: Recent reports have highlighted the importance of an anatomic tunnel placement for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of different tunnel positions for single-bundle ACL reconstruction on knee biomechanics. METHODS: Sixteen fresh-frozen cadaver knees were used. In one group (n = 8), ...
Sommer Tanja - - 2012
Secondary lymphedema is a common complication after removal of lymph nodes in combination with radiation therapy in the treatment of breast cancer, cervical cancer, and melanomas. Only symptomatic therapies are available at the moment, and lymphedema is for most patients a lifelong condition involving psychological and physical disabilities. Animal models ...
Nicolas Laurent B - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety, and tolerability of escalating single oral doses of ACT-077825, a novel orally active renin inhibitor, in healthy male subjects. METHODS: In this single-center, double-blind, placebo- and active-controlled (with enalapril) randomized study, 70 subjects received a single dose of ACT-077825 (1-1,000 mg), placebo, or enalapril ...
Noori Roya - - 2012
Introduction: Because of the increasing number of injecting drug users (IDUs) in Iran and the risk of the spread of HIV infection, harm reduction programs have been considered for conventional law enforcement measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) in IDUs ...
Mock Charles - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Reducing the global burden of injury requires both injury prevention and improved trauma care. We sought to provide an estimate of the number of lives that could be saved by improvements in trauma care, especially in low income and middle income countries. METHODS: Prior data showed differences in case ...
Pan Guangjin - - 2012
Reprogramming of somatic cells to a pluripotent state holds huge potentials for regenerative medicine. However, a debate over which method is better, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) or induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, still persists. Both approaches have the potential to generate patient-specific pluripotent stem cells for replacement therapy. Yet, ...
Lu Jiamei - - 2012
Feeling is stable and implicit and can be explicated in concrete situations in the form of emotion. To map the time course of feeling processing, the present study explored electrophysiological responses relevant to inner feeling by creating situations to evoke the explicit response of feeling. Fourteen mothers were asked to ...
Pomp Sarah - - 2012
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between depressive symptoms and physical exercise by unveiling how outcome expectancies regarding exercise and positive exercise experience could mediate between depressive symptoms and exercise. A longitudinal study included 178 cardiac and orthopedic rehabilitation patients in Germany. Patients responded to psychometric ...
Creutzenberg Otto - - 2012
After deposition in the respiratory tract, nanoparticles exhibit acute, neutrophil-driven inflammatory and oxidative reactions, fibrotic responses and in chronic studies under overload conditions carcinogenic effects, more severely than the microscaled materials of the same chemistry. Besides these effects also known to be induced by microsized particles, nanoparticles principally can translocate ...
Dar Moahad S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Oral meal consumption increases glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) release which maintains euglycemia by increasing insulin secretion. This effect is exaggerated during short-term follow-up of Roux-en-y gastric bypass (RYGB). We examined the durability of this effect in patient with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) >10 years after RYGB. METHODS: GLP-1 response to ...
Glaser S - - 2012
Virtual reality simulation software (VRS - FocalSim Version 4.40 with VRS prototype, Computerized Medical Systems, St. Louis, MO) is a new radiation dose planning tool that allows for 3D visualization of the patient and the machine couch (treatment table) in relationship to the linear accelerator. This allows the radiation treatment ...
Altenburger Amadeus E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postoperative complications after high-risk corneal grafting are decisively associated with corneal neovascularization (CNV). This study aimed to identify the incidence, extent, speed, localization, and influence of surgery-related factors on CNV after high-risk penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and to evaluate the effect of removing the angiogenic stimulus, i.e., residual components of ...
Grainger Rachel - - 2012
A practical, mild and highly selective protocol for the monodeuteration of a variety of arenes and heteroarenes is presented. Catalytic amounts of Ag(i) salts in DMSO/D(2)O are shown to facilitate the deutero-decarboxylation of ortho-substituted benzoic and heteroaromatic α-carboxylic acids in high yields with excellent levels of deuterium incorporation.
Choudhury Swarup Roy - - 2012
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase (ACS) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in ethylene biosynthesis during ripening. ACS isozymes are regulated both transcriptionally and post-translationally. However, in banana, an important climacteric fruit, little is known about post-translational regulation of ACS. Here, we report the post-translational modification of MA-ACS1 (Musa acuminata ACS1), a ripening inducible ...
Benetti Fernando - - 2012
The role of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) in fear conditioning encoding is well established. In the present report, we investigate the involvement of the NBM histaminergic system in consolidating fear memories. The NBM was injected bilaterally with ligands of histaminergic receptors immediately after contextual fear conditioning. Histaminergic compounds, either ...
Teunis Pfm - - 2012
The marginal distribution of serum antibody titres in a cross-sectional population sample can be expressed as a function of the infection rate, taking into account heterogeneity in peak levels and decay rates. This marginal model allows estimation of incidences, as well as simple tests for homogeneity across age, gender or ...
Beyer J - - 2012
Effects of a longitudinal magnetic field on optical spin injection and detection in InAs/GaAs quantum dot (QD) structures are investigated by optical orientation spectroscopy. An increase in the optical and spin polarization of the QDs is observed with increasing magnetic field in the range 0-2 T, and is attributed to suppression ...
Sendur Mehmet Ali Nahit - - 2012
Bisphosphonates are the most commonly used agents in the treatment of osteoporosis, and bisphosphonate therapy reduces the risk of skeletally related complications in patients with bone metastases due to malignancy. However, the effect of oral alendronate treatment on clinical and pathological properties of breast cancer has not been reported. Thus, ...
Di Iorio Biagio - - 2012
Background: Hemodialysis patients have a high cardiovascular mortality, and hypertension is the most prevalent treatable risk factor. We aimed to assess the predictive significance of dialysis-to-dialysis variability in blood pressure in hemodialysis patients. Methods: We performed a historical cohort study in 1,088 prevalent hemodialysis patients, followed up for 5 years. ...
Ju Jianfeg - - 2012
In the present study, sequence variations at four nuclear introns which were respectively from the parathyroid hormone-like (PTH) gene, isolate Pdalz1692 interferon (IFN) gene, peripherin-like (RDS) gene, and tyrosine kinase receptor-like (KIT) gene, were examined to analyze genetic diversity and population structure of the finless porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides) in Chinese ...
Wang Qiming - - 2012
Dynamic electrostatic lithography is invented to dynamically generate various patterns on large-area and curved polymer surfaces under the control of electrical voltages. The shape of the pattern can be tuned from random creases and craters to aligned creases, craters and lines, and the size of the pattern from millimeters to ...
Magazzini Simone - - 2012
To analyze the clinical characteristics of acute meningitis and their relationship with age in adult patients presenting to the emergency department. We retrospectively investigated consecutive adult patients admitted with a diagnosis of bacterial or viral meningitis from 2002 to 2006. Data about patient's history, symptoms and signs at presentation, etiology ...
Nedjat-Haiem Frances R - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Previous cancer research does not adequately inform us about the experiences of managing a more serious, life-threatening cancer condition, especially for underserved Latinas. This study was designed to explore the ways in which Latinas navigate through and deal with advanced cancers. METHODS: A purposive sample of 24 underserved Latina ...
Mizuhashi Koji - - 2012
In vertebrate bone formation, the functional mechanisms of transcription factors in osteoblastic differentiation have been relatively well elucidated; however, the exact roles of cell-extrinsic molecules are less clear. We previously identified human and mouse Obif, an osteoblast induction factor, also known as Tmem119, which encodes a single transmembrane protein. OBIF ...
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