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Results 251 - 300 of 3127
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Inoue Atsuko - - 2012
The neurotrophic effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) on rat sensory neuronal cell line ND7/23 cells were investigated. PACAP caused a concentration-dependent increase in the number of neurite-bearing cells and the expression of the substance P precursor (PPT) mRNA in 24 h. The effects of PACAP were mimicked by vasoactive ...
Horie Masanori - - 2012
Association of cellular influences and physical and chemical properties were examined for 24 kinds of industrial metal oxide nanoparticles: ZnO, CuO, NiO, Sb(2)O(3), CoO, MoO(3), Y(2)O(3), MgO, Gd(2)O(3), SnO(2), WO(3), ZrO(2), Fe(2)O(3), TiO(2), CeO(2), Al(2)O(3), Bi(2)O(3), La(2)O(3), ITO, and cobalt blue pigments. We prepared a stable medium dispersion for each ...
Le Grande Michael R - - 2012
The purpose of this paper is to identify groups of cardiac patients who share similar perceptions about their illness and to examine the relationships between these schemata and psychosocial outcomes such as quality of life and depression. A total of 190 cardiac patients with diagnoses of myocardial infarction, stable angina ...
Winkler Carolin - - 2012
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) can kill Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) cells, and CTL have been used for the treatment of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive HL. For patients with EBV-negative HL, this strategy cannot be employed and alternative target structures have to be defined. In order to establish a system for the stimulation ...
Takahashi Tetsuya - - 2012
Collagen sheets were used in a unique evaluation method to examine skin damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) light of short wavelength during a season of the Antarctic ozone hole. The collagen sheets were exposed outdoors for 25 and 50 d, in the spring when the ozone hole was formed and ...
Soler-Illia Galo J A A - - 2012
Periodically ordered mesoporous titania thin films (MTTF) present a high surface area, controlled porosity in the 2-20 nm pore diameter range and an amorphous or crystalline inorganic framework. These materials are nowadays routinely prepared by combining soft chemistry and supramolecular templating. Photocatalytic transparent coatings and titania-based solar cells are the ...
Potter Sally - - 2012
The monsoon tropics of northern Australia are a globally significant biodiversity hotspot, but its phylogeography is poorly known. A major challenge for this region is to understand the biogeographical processes that have shaped the distribution and diversity of taxa, without detailed knowledge of past climatic and environmental fluctuations. Although molecular ...
Asher A J - - 2012
SUMMARYHumans are infected by 2 genetic assemblages (A and B) of Giardia duodenalis, a protozoan parasite that causes gastro-intestinal disease. Sub-assemblages AI, AII, BIII and BIV are commonly identified in human cases. Detection requires amplification of G. duodenalis loci. Subsequent DNA sequencing or restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) identifies sub-assemblages ...
Ljøstad U - - 2012
Purposes:  To chart clinical, laboratory, and psychometric profiles in patients who attribute their complaints to chronic Lyme disease. Methods:  We assessed the patients by clinical examination, laboratory tests, and questionnaires measuring fatigue, depression, anxiety, health-related quality of life, hypochondriasis, and illness perceptions. Results:  We found no evidence of ongoing Borrelia ...
Yu Chien-Tai - - 2012
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence, types, and risk factors associated with anal HPV infection among HIV-infected men in outpatient clinics at an AIDS designated hospital in Taiwan. Anal swabs were collect and PCR (polymerase chain reaction) was used to analyze the types of anal HPV infection. ...
Blakely Tony - - 2012
Relative survival and excess mortality approaches are commonly used to estimate and compare net survival from cancer. These approaches are based on the assumption that the underlying (non-cancer) mortality rate of cancer patients is the same as that of the general population. This assumption is likely to be violated particularly ...
Naitoh Itaru - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) needs to be differentiated from pancreatic cancer (PC). We aimed to clarify the findings specific for AIP by comparing the clinical differences between mass-forming AIP and PC. Material and methods. We retrospectively compared 36 patients with mass-forming AIP and 60 with PC without metastasis regarding ...
Barnes Geoffrey D - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) carries significant morbidity and mortality and affects a large portion of hospitalized patients. VTE prophylaxis is rated by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality as the most effective of 79 patient safety practices it assessed in 2001. Since 1997, Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan/Blue Care ...
Nithikulworawong N - - 2012
The complete cDNA sequence of the Nile tilapia T-cell receptor (TCR) β chain was cloned using 5' RACE. The full-length, 1263-bp cDNA contained a 942-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 314-amino-acid protein. Sequence analyses revealed that the Nile tilapia TCR β chain contains four conserved cysteine residues involved in ...
Melnik Bodo - - 2012
Recent evidence underlines the role of Western diet in the pathogenesis of acne. Acne is absent in populations consuming Palaeolithic diets with low glycaemic load and no consumption of milk or dairy products. Two randomized controlled studies, one of which is presented in this issue of Acta Dermato-Venereologica, have provided ...
Crutchley Alison - - 2012
ABSTRACTChildren start producing if p, q conditionals relatively late. Past counterfactuals (PCFs), for example 'If she had shut the cage, the rabbit wouldn't have escaped', are particularly problematic for children; despite evidence of comprehension in the preschool years, children aged eleven are still making production errors in PCF structure (Crutchley, ...
Zia Sultan - - 2012
Feature/edge-preserving noise removal techniques have a strong potential in several application domains including medical image processing. Magnetic resonance (MR) images have a tendency to gain Rician noise during acquisition. In this article, we have presented genetic algorithms based adapted selective non-local means (GASNLM) filter-based scheme for noise suppression of MR ...
Lin Xuechi - - 2012
The mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are activated by a variety of cellular stimuli to participate in a series of signaling cascades and mediate diverse intracellular responses. One potential target of the MAPKs is Op18/stathmin, a molecule that acts as an integrator of diverse cell signaling pathways and regulates the dynamics ...
Laupland K B - - 2012
SUMMARYAlthough community-onset bloodstream infection (BSI) is recognized as a major cause of morbidity and mortality, its epidemiology has not been well defined in non-selected populations. We conducted population-based laboratory surveillance in the Victoria area, Canada during 1998-2005 in order to determine the burden associated with community-onset BSI. A total of ...
Roggenkamp Dennis - - 2012
Skin of patients suffering from atopic eczema displays a higher epidermal nerve fiber density, associated with neurogenic inflammation and pruritus. Using an in vitro coculture system, allowing a spatially compartmented culture of somata from porcine dorsal root ganglion neurons and human primary skin cells, we investigated the influence of dermal ...
Dogan Bayram - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the necessity of transitional zone sampling of the prostate during repeat prostate biopsy procedures. METHODS: Patients treated for lower urinary tract symptoms with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) from April 2004 to July 2009 whom had at least 1 negative prostate biopsy prior to this treatment ...
Karthikeyan V J - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of endopeptidases that degrade the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) such as collagen, and thus contribute to the remodelling and the physiological homeostasis of the ECM and its blood supply. The activities of these enzymes are regulated by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases ...
Khare S - - 2012
SUMMARYWe investigated an unprecedented outbreak of fulminant hepatitis B virus (HBV) that occurred in Modasa, Gujarat (India) in 2009. Genomic analysis of all fulminant hepatic failure cases confirmed exclusive predominance of subgenotype D1. A1762T, G1764A basal core promoter (BCP) mutations, insertion of isoleucine after nt 1843, stop codon mutation G1896A, ...
Teo Teck-Hui - - 2012
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), an alphavirus, has been responsible for large epidemic outbreaks with serious economic and social impact during the last 6 years. Transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, it causes Chikungunya fever, an acute illness in patients with a stooped posture often associated with chronic and incapacitating arthralgia. The unprecedented re-emergence has ...
Holmén Aina - - 2012
Holmén, A., Juuhl-Langseth, M., Thormodsen, R., Sundet, K., Melle, I. & Rund, B. R. (2012). Executive function tests in early-onset psychosis: which one to choose? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. People with schizophrenia exhibit executive functioning deficits, an area well investigated in the adult onset schizophrenia (AOS) group, but far less ...
Fan Liyuan - - 2012
A simple, efficient, and non-metal-catalyzed synthetic method for allyl-epoxides and diallyl-epoxides by allylation of α-haloketones and esters with allylmagnesium bromide in mild conditions is reported in this article. It inherited some advantages of the organomagnesium reagents such as availability, operational simplicity and low toxicity.
Dominguez John A - - 2012
This study evaluated the effects on human enamel after two bleaching procedures: with a fluoridated bleaching agent and with topical fluoride application postbleaching. It used 43 enamel blocks (3 mm(2) ) that were ground flat (600-2,000 grit) and polished with polishing paste (one and one-fourth). Specimens were randomly divided into ...
Guo Jianrong - - 2012
Abstract Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is a specific astrocytic marker in the central nervous system. Few studies on the effects of GDNF intrathecal injection on GFAP expression exist in the literature. The present study determined GFAP expression in a rat spinal dorsal horn following a spinal nerve ligation (SNL). ...
Gonçalves Miguel M - - 2012
Abstract Previous studies have used the Innovative Moments Coding System (IMCS) to describe the process of change in Narrative Therapy (NT) and in Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT). This study aims to extend this research program to a sample of Client-Centered Therapy (CCT). The IMCS was applied to six cases of CCT ...
Allouh Mohammed Z - - 2012
Mesterolone is a synthetic oral anabolic androgenic steroid used to treat hypogonadism. There are frequent reports of mesterolone abuse in human and equine sports to increase muscle mass and strength. However, limited information is available about how this drug exerts its effects on skeletal muscle. Satellite cells (SCs) are mononuclear ...
Bene Judit - - 2012
L-carnitine supplementation is extensively used in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) to improve dialysis-related clinical symptoms. In a series of studies, we investigated the dynamics of carnitine pool in carnitine-supplemented HD patients; here we report dramatic decrease with special changes of the ester profile due to interruption of the exogenous ...
Meyers Arthur B - - 2012
Gadoxetate disodium (Gd-EOB-DTPA) is a hepatobiliary MRI contrast agent widely used in adults for characterization of liver tumors and increasingly used in children. Hepatoblastoma is the most common primary hepatic malignancy of childhood. In this review, we describe our experience with this agent both before and after initiating therapy in ...
Chien Su-Chen - - 2012
Objectives: To compare intensiveness of use of child preventive health services (CPHS) between cross-cultural immigrant families and native-born families in Taiwan and to explore factors associated with differences in intensiveness of CPHS use. Design: Cross-cultural immigrant families were defined as families where the mother was an immigrant from another southeast ...
Arnold Jennifer E - - 2012
In this article, we examine the hypothesis that acoustic variation (e.g., reduced vs. prominent forms) results from audience design. Bard et al. (Journal of Memory and Language 42:1-22, 2000) have argued that acoustic prominence is unaffected by the speaker's estimate of addressee knowledge, using paradigms that contrast speaker and addressee ...
Yu Hsu-Sheng - - 2012
The present study aimed to experimentally confirm that long-term alcohol drinking causes a high risk of oral and esophageal cancer in aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2)-deficient individuals. Aldh2 knockout mice, an animal model of ALDH2-deficiency, were treated with 8% ethanol for 14 months. Levels of acetaldehyde-derived DNA adducts were increased in ...
Rohner Jean-Christophe - - 2012
Rohner, J.-C. and Rasmussen, A. (2012). Recognition bias and the physical attractiveness stereotype. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. Previous studies have found a recognition bias for information consistent with the physical attractiveness stereotype (PAS), in which participants believe that they remember that attractive individuals have positive qualities and that unattractive individuals ...
Stein Gregor - - 2012
PURPOSE: Treatment options for hallux rigidus include several conservative and surgical measures. The aetiology leading to the disease has not sufficiently been examined so far. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed the anatomical configuration of the first metatarsal head of 120 metatarsal bones of different collectives aiming to find a possible ...
Ridruejo Ezequiel - - 2012
Currently, five nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) are approved for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. They are lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil, telbivudine, entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF). Two of them, ETV and TDF, are recommended as first-line treatment options. Their main advantages include excellent tolerability, antiviral potency and ...
Nachum-Biala Yaarit - - 2012
A compelling and extensive epidemiological literature documents the strong association of inadequate status of folate, vitamin B12, and to a lesser degree vitamin B6, with increased risk of neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular disease. Mildly elevated plasma total homocysteine, which is biochemically related to low status of these B-vitamins, is similarly associated ...
Abbas Richat - - 2012
PURPOSE: Neratinib, a potent, low-molecular-weight, orally administered, irreversible, pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor has antitumor activity in ErbB2 + breast cancer. The objective of this study was to characterize the onset, severity, and duration of diarrhea after administration of neratinib 240 mg once daily (QD) and 120 mg twice daily (BID) for ≤14 days in ...
Thyssen Jacob P - - 2012
Background. Chromium-tanned leather footwear, which releases >3 ppm hexavalent Cr(VI), may pose a risk of sensitizing and eliciting allergic dermatitis. Objectives. To determine the content and potential release of chromium in leather footwear and to discuss the prevention of chromium contact allergy and dermatitis. Methods. Sixty pairs of leather shoes, ...
Kwon Beom-June - - 2012
Dyssynchrony is common in asymptomatic patients with hypertension. We sought to investigate the impact of antihypertensive treatment on dyssynchrony in patients with hypertension. A total of sixty patients who had uncomplicated hypertension that had never been treated (treatment-naïve hypertensive patients) underwent echocardiographic evaluations of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony at baseline ...
Zaleski-Ejgierd Patryk - - 2012
An initial observation of the formation of WH under pressure from W gaskets surrounding hydrogen in diamond anvil cells led to a theoretical study of tungsten hydride phases. At P = 1 atm no stoichiometry is found to be stable with respect to separation into the elements, but as the pressure is raised ...
Avalos Marta - - 2012
We adapt the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (lasso) and other sparse methods (elastic net and bootstrapped versions of lasso) to the conditional logistic regression model and provide a full R implementation. These variable selection procedures are applied in the context of case-crossover studies. We study the performances of ...
Karaca Semsettin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: It is believed that psoriasis is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disease influencing all systems and characterized by intermittent partial or complete obstruction of the upper respiratory tract during sleep. In our study, we aimed to investigate the frequency of OSAS in ...
Auger Pierre - - 2012
We present a dynamical model of a multi-site fishery. The fish stock is located on a discrete set of fish habitats where it is catched by the fishing fleet. We assume that fishes remain on fishing habitats while the fishing vessels can move at a fast time scale to visit ...
Becks Lutz - - 2012
Ecology Letters (2012) ABSTRACT: Feedbacks between ecological and evolutionary change may play important roles in community and ecosystem functioning, but a complete eco-evolutionary feedback loop has not been demonstrated at the community level, and we know little about molecular mechanisms underlying this kind of eco-evolutionary dynamics. In predator-prey (rotifer-alga) microcosms, ...
Mohammad Shabani - - 2012
Abstract We have elucidated the alteration in hippocampal and cerebellum function following chronic cisplatin treatment in male and female rats. Hippocampus and cerebellum related behavioral dysfunction in cisplatin-treated [intraperitoneally, 5 mg/kg/week for 5 weeks from 23-day-old] rats were analyzed using explorative, motor function, learning and memory tasks [grasping, rotarod, open ...
Saaka Yussif - - 2012
Upon heating above their lower critical solution temperature (LCST) poly[oligo(ethyleneglycol)methacrylate]s (POEGMA) were shown to undergo a shift in their partition coefficient triggering aqueous to organic phase transfer, which indicated their potential to partition into cell membranes upon application of an external stimulus. Fluorescence-based assays indicated that the LCST transition did ...
Carrasco Mario - - 2012
New quadruply bonded dimolybdenum complexes of the terphenyl ligand Ar(Xyl(2)) (Ar(Xyl(2)) = C(6)H(3)-2,6-(C(6)H(3)-2,6-Me(2))(2)) have been prepared and structurally characterized. The steric hindrance exerted by the Ar(Xyl(2)) groups causes the Mo atoms to feature unsaturated four-coordinate structures and a formal fourteen-electron count.
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