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Results 401 - 450 of 3728
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Yu Jeong-Nam - - 2012
The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Vulpes vulpes consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes, and 1 control region (CR). CR is located between the tRNA-Pro and tRNA-Phe genes and is 1173 base pairs (bp) in length. It consists of a short non-repetitive sequence followed by 8-bp ...
Cerqueira Susana R - - 2012
The efficiency of the treatments involving CNS disorders is commonly diminished by the toxicity, reduced stability and lack of targeting of the administered neuroactive compounds. In this study, we have successfully multifunctionalized CMCht/PAMAM dendrimer nanoparticles by coupling the CD11b antibody and loading MP into the nanoparticles. The modification of the ...
Cashdan Elizabeth - - 2012
The papers in this volume present varying approaches to human aggression, each from an evolutionary perspective. The evolutionary studies of aggression collected here all pursue aspects of patterns of response to environmental circumstances and consider explicitly how those circumstances shape the costs and benefits of behaving aggressively. All the authors ...
Castillo Richard - - 2012
To determine the spatial overlap agreement between four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) ventilation and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) perfusion hypo-functioning pulmonary defect regions in a patient population with malignant airway stenosis. Treatment planning 4D CT images were obtained retrospectively for ten lung cancer patients with radiographically demonstrated airway ...
Wu Guan-Chung - - 2012
Hermaphrodites have both sexes during their life, including an initial primary sex determination and in later stage maintenance one of the sexual fates (secondary sex determination). Sex change (secondary sex determination) occurs in animals, but it is lost in amphibians through, mammals in vertebrates. Teleosts have various strategies and mechanisms ...
Zhang Baohua - - 2012
An extremely high-efficiency solution-processed white organic light-emitting diode (WOLED) is successfully developed by simultaneously using an ideal dendritic host material and a novel efficient orange phosphorescent iridium complex. The optimized device exhibits forward-viewing efficiencies of 70.6 cd A(-1) , 26.0%, and 47.6 lm W(-1) at a luminance of 100 cd ...
Gambichler T - - 2012
Overexpression of antimicrobial peptides and proteins (AMPs) such as human β-defensin-2 (hBD2), LL37, and psoriasin has frequently been observed in lesional skin of psoriasis patients. We aimed to evaluate whether circulating AMP levels correlate with disease severity, and change under therapy with fumaric acid esters (FAE). We studied psoriasis patients ...
Rocha Rita Gomes - - 2012
This study reports the occurrence of highly conserved d-loop sequences in the mitochondrial genome of the woolly mouse opossum genus Marmosa subgenus Micoureus (Mammalia, Didelphimorphia, Didelphidae). Sixty-six sequences of Marmosa (Micoureus) demerarae, Marmosa (Micoureus) constantiae, and Marmosa (Micoureus) paraguayanus were amplified using universal d-loop primers and virtually no genetic differences ...
Gaujoux Sébastien - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported a positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) and pancreatic cancer risk, but clinical relevance of obesity and/or body fat distribution on tumor characteristics and cancer-related outcome remain controversial. We sought to assess the influence of obesity and body fat distribution on pathologic characteristics and ...
Battie Yann - - 2012
Single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) networks present outstanding potential for the development of SWCNT-based gas sensors. Due to the complexity of the transport properties of this material, the physical mechanisms at stake during exposure to gas are still under debate. Previously suggested mechanisms are charge transfer between gas molecules and ...
Reus Christian - - 2012
1,2-Bis(trimethylsilyl)benzenes are key starting materials for the synthesis of benzyne precursors, Lewis acid catalysts, and certain luminophores. We have developed efficient, high-yield routes to functionalized 4-R-1,2-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzenes, starting from either 1,2-bis(trimethylsilyl)acetylene / 5-bromo-pyran-2-one (2) or 1,2-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzene (1) / bis(pinacolato)diborane. In the first reaction, 5 (R = Br) is obtained through a ...
von Tigerstrom Barbara - - 2012
Stem cell therapies offer enormous potential for the treatment of a wide range of diseases and conditions. Despite the excitement over such advances, regulators are faced with the challenge of determining criteria to ensure stem cells and their products are safe and effective for human use. However, stem cell-based products ...
Dell'utri Chiara - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: This is a systematic review of clinical data assessing the safety, efficacy and tolerability of fesoterodine in randomised control trials (RCTs) in the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: We performed a MEDLINE literature search of articles published between 2005 and 2010 regarding the efficacy and safety ...
Krafts Kristine - - 2012
Malarial treatment is widely and readily available today. However, there was a time in the not-so-distant past when malaria was a deadly disease with no known cause or cure. In this article, we trace the origins of an antimalarial therapy from the discovery of the nature of the malarial parasite ...
Schwarz Lisa - - 2012
α-Synuclein-containing glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs) originating in oligodendrocytes are the characteristic hallmark for neuropathological diagnosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA). α-Synuclein can be degraded either by the proteasomal machinery or by autophagy, a lysosomal pathway which involves the formation of autophagosomes. The autophagosome takes up polyubiquitinated proteins via the autophagosomal ...
Tschiggerl Christine - - 2012
Chamomile (German Chamomile, Matricaria recutita L., Asteraceae) is one of the most popular medicinal plants in use as an herbal tea for food purposes and in folk medicine. Qualitative and semi-quantitative analyses of the volatile fraction of chamomile herbal tea were performed. Volatile constituents of the infusion were isolated by ...
Lee Jin Hee - - 2012
The mitochondrial genome of Bewick's swan Cygnus columbianus bewickii was completely sequenced and then the resultant data were compared with those of the whistling swan Cygnus columbianus columbianus. The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of C. c. bewickii was 16,727 bp in length and its gene arrangement pattern, gene content, and genome ...
Zeller Jasmin - - 2012
Blood samples were taken from three groups of volunteers (30 male smokers, 30 female non-smokers, and 30 school children) and tested for ex vivo susceptibility toward formaldehyde (FA)-induced genotoxicity. Blood samples were exposed to 150 μM FA for 2 h, and the induction of DNA-protein crosslinks (DPX) in leukocytes was measured by ...
Harrison James - - 2012
The use of nanoparticles for targeted delivery of therapeutic agents to sites of injury or disease in the central nervous system (CNS) holds great promise. However, the biodistribution of nanoparticles following in vivo administration is often unknown, and concerns have been raised regarding potential toxicity. Using poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) nanoparticles ...
Robert M - - 2012
Literature data concerning the effect of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) on esophageal motility are conflicting. Achalasia-like disorder involving the absence of esophageal peristalsis and impaired esophago-gastric junction (EGJ) is probably under-estimated and can result in failure and band removal. The aim of our study was to focus on cases ...
Karsten A E - - 2012
An individualised laser skin treatment may enhance the treatment and reduces risks and side-effects. The optical properties (absorption and scattering coefficients) are important parameters in the propagation of laser light in skin tissue. The differences in the melanin content of different skin phototypes influence the absorption of the light. The ...
Worni Mathias - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The "weekend effect" is defined as increased morbidity and mortality for patients admitted on weekends compared with weekdays. It has been observed for several diseases, including myocardial infarction and renal insufficiency; however, it has not yet been investigated for laparoscopic appendectomy in acute appendicitis-one of the most prevalent surgical ...
Betancor Mónica B - - 2012
The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of Se inclusion in high-DHA and vitamin E microdiets (5 g DHA/100 g dry weight and 300 mg vitamin E/100 g dry weight; 5 g DHA/100 g dry weight and 300 mg vitamin E/100 g dry weight supplemented with Se) in comparison with a control diet (1 g ...
Stiel Stephanie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: As different definitions for PC have been used across the last three decades, a common terminology is lacking. To ensure quality of care, (a) a consensus on outcome criteria and indicators and (b) validated and applicable outcome assessment instruments are necessary. The aim of this study is to systematically ...
Matsui Yoshiyuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the survival benefit of gemcitabine and paclitaxel (GT) chemotherapy for patients with metastatic urothelial cancer (UC), a retrospective analysis was performed to compare the overall survival in two periods: before (group I) and after (group II) the introduction of GT chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-five patients with ...
Neshati Zeinab - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that the use of biomaterials and new biodegradable scaffolds for repair or regeneration of damaged tissues is of vital importance. Scaffolds used in tissue engineering should be biodegradable materials with three-dimensional structures which guide the growth and differentiation of the cells. They also tune physical, chemical ...
Juratli Tareq A - - 2012
This study investigated the prognostic and predictive significance of IDH1 and IDH2 mutations in low-grade astrocytomas (LGA). The presence and consistency of IDH mutations during the progression of LGA to secondary high-grade gliomas (sHGG) were detected. Samples of patients with LGA and sHGG were investigated. The genomic regions around IDH1 ...
Sin Wei-Xiang - - 2012
Interferons (IFNs) were discovered more than half a century ago, and extensive research has since identified multifarious roles for type I IFN in human immune responses. Here, we review the functions of IFN-β in innate and adaptive immunity. We also discuss the activation and influence of IFN-β on myeloid cell ...
Kebriaei Partow - - 2012
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is an effective post-remission therapy in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but is associated with significant toxicity, so the optimal timing and use of this modality remains an issue of debate. Increased advances in reduced-intensity transplant preparative regimens and alternative donors has increased ...
Heine Gunnar H - - 2012
Chronic microinflammation and its cellular hallmark, monocyte activation, contribute substantially to the tremendous burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Monocyte heterogeneity is widely acknowledged. Cell-surface expression of CD14 and CD16 defines three functionally and phenotypically distinct subsets of monocytes: classical (CD14(++)CD16(-)) monocytes, intermediate (CD14(++)CD16(+)) ...
Kadlecova Zuzana - - 2012
Three synthesis lots of linear poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) are compared to a fully hydrolyzed linear PEI (commercially available as PEI "Max") regarding structure, polyplex formation with plasmid DNA, and transfection of suspension-adapted HEK-293E cells. PEI "Max" binds DNA more efficiently than the other PEIs, but it is the least effective in ...
Brito Luiz Gustavo Oliveira - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Low socioeconomic factors may influence the development of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Thus far, there is little research available on SUI in developing countries. We aimed to determine whether the prevalence of SUI in a northeastern Brazilian municipality was higher or lower than in the general female ...
Shunmugasundaram Ponnusamy - - 2012
Anomalies of pulmonary artery origin are rare. Crisscross pulmonary artery origin is a rare benign anomaly characterized by the left pulmonary artery arising superiorly and to the right side of the right pulmonary artery. The condition is usually accompanied by a conotruncal anomaly. Here, we report a child with crisscross ...
Ma Dongwei - - 2012
BN sheets with absorbed transition metal (TM) single atoms, including Fe, Co, and Ni, and their dimers have been investigated by using a first-principles method within the generalized gradient approximation. All of the TM atoms studied are found to be chemically adsorbed on BN sheets. Upon adsorption, the binding energies ...
Nascimbene Juri - - 2012
The majority of research on organic farming has considered arable and grassland farming systems in Central and Northern Europe, whilst only a few studies have been carried out in Mediterranean agro-systems, such as vineyards, despite their economic importance. The main aim of the study was to test whether organic farming ...
Cheng Yuanzhi - - 2012
In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of the red drum Sciaenops ocellatus was determined first. The genome was 16,500 bp in length and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, and 2 main non-coding regions (the control region and the origin of the light-strand replication); ...
Chen Shan - - 2012
We report the visual detection of Al(3+) using unlabeled gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) based on the complexation of Al(3+) with citric acid, resulting in the aggregation of AuNPs. The distinction of color change can be observed by the naked eye at concentrations down to 1.0 μM which is lower than the ...
Zhang Aimee - - 2012
The prevalence of all four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes has increased dramatically in recent years in many tropical and sub-tropical countries accompanied by an increase in genetic diversity within each serotype. This expansion in genetic diversity is expected to give rise to viruses with altered antigenicity, virulence, and transmissibility. We ...
Datta Sambhu N - - 2012
The cis- and trans-azobenzenes are known as photochromic isomers with the trans- converting into the cis-form and vice versa upon irradiation with specific wavelengths. We have quantum chemically investigated the cis- and trans-forms of substituted azobenzene diradicals, with two nitronyl nitroxides, imino nitoxides, or verdazyls at para positions and serving ...
Mu Qingxin - - 2012
As an emerging applied material, graphene has shown tremendous application potential in many fields, including biomedicine. However, the biological behavior of these nanosheets, especially their interactions with cells, is not well understood. Here we report our findings about the cell surface adhesion, subcellular locations, and size-dependent uptake mechanisms of protein-coated ...
Mahler Stephen V - - 2012
RATIONALE: Glutamate and orexin/hypocretin systems are involved in Pavlovian cue-triggered drug seeking. OBJECTIVES: Here, we asked whether orexin and glutamate interact within ventral tegmental area (VTA) to promote reinstatement of extinguished cocaine seeking in a rat self-administration paradigm. METHODS/RESULTS: We first found that bilateral VTA microinjections of the orexin 1 ...
Rong Wei - - 2012
Abstract We investigated whether 17β-oestradiol (E2) treatment could prevent the apoptosis of neural cells after spinal cord injury (SCI) and cultured cortical cells through inhibition of JNK phosphorylation. SCI-induced rats were randomly divided into three groups: control, E2-treated, and sham-treated. Five rats from each group were sacrificed at 2, 4, ...
Abdel-Hady El-Said - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To study the outcome of pregnancies complicated by malignant disease, in particular neonatal morbidity and mortality after in utero exposure to chemotherapy. METHODS: This prospective study included 118 patients diagnosed with malignant disease for the first time during pregnancy over an 8-year period (March 2003-March 2011). Outcome of neonates ...
Desautels R D - - 2012
γ-Fe(2)O(3) nanoparticles were coated with a Cu shell in situ during synthesis. An interfacial monolayer of CuO in the Cu-coated γ-Fe(2)O(3) nanoparticles was discovered that stabilized the disordered surface spins of γ-Fe(2)O(3) nanoparticles. Element-specific x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the L-edges for Cu and Fe indicated the magnetic moment of the ...
Li Sheng-Jie - - 2012
The largemouth bass belongs to the family Centrarchidae, which includes two subspecies: the northern subspecies, Micropterus salmoides salmoides, and the Florida subspecies, Micropterus salmoides floridanus. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genomes of the two subspecies were sequenced, and their genetic differences were identified. The mitogenomes of M. s. salmoides ...
Wu Hao - - 2012
PDMS/ceramic composite membrane was directly integrated with acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation using Clostridium acetobutylicum XY16 at 37 °C and in situ removing ABE from fermentation broth. The membrane was integrated with batch fermentation, and approximately 46 % solvent was extracted. The solvent in permeates was 118 g/L, and solvent productivity was 0.303 g/(L/h), which was ...
Gardizi Masyar - - 2012
The growth of solid tumours like malignant melanoma depends on the ability of neoplastic cells to induce angiogenesis to ensure sufficient supply with nutrients and oxygen. The process of angiogenesis is tightly controlled by positive and negative regulators. Since many of these factors can be measured in the serum of ...
Sun Tao - - 2012
A modular total synthesis of the natural product (+)-varitriol (1) and seven analogs was achieved by using combined coinage metal catalysis. Starting from enynol 13, reagent-controlled introduction of stereogenic centers and efficient center-to-axis-to-center chirality transfer viaα-hydroxyallene 5 afforded (+)-varitriol with 6.4% yield over 10 steps.
Yue Xiuli - - 2012
Super-stable and free-standing cerasomes with inorganic polyorganosiloxane surfaces were developed for the sensing of Cu(2+) by encapsulating Nile red (NR) dye as a fluorescence reporter. 1,2-Dimynistoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylethanolamine (DMPE) was incorporated into the cerasomes to serve as the chelating agent for cupric ions. The intraparticle energy transfer from NR to Cu(2+) caused ...
Montesdeoca-Esponda Sarah - - 2012
Benzotriazoles are a group of UV absorbing compounds considered emerging contaminants that are used in different personal care products, and therefore, it is of high interest to develop sensitive and fast methods for investigating their presence in the environment. In this work, we present the development and application of a ...
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