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Results 301 - 350 of 3728
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Grutter Giorgia - - 2012
Heart rate variability (HRV) has become the conventionally accepted term for describing variations in both instantaneous heart rate and R-R intervals. In the pediatric age group, HRV has been investigated in healthy children, diabetics, respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn, and sudden infant death syndrome. This study aimed to evaluate ...
Ahmed Tahmeena - - 2012
Approximately 10% of renal transplant recipients experience acute antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) due to alloimmunization against human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules and other antigens. While therapeutic apheresis is included in most treatment protocols for acute kidney allograft rejection, these protocols have been derived mainly from single center experience rather than controlled ...
Prabhu Shailesh M - - 2012
Pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour is the most common benign pulmonary tumour in childhood; however it is seldom diagnosed radiologically. We report three cases of biopsy-proven inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour that presented as large aggressive intrathoracic masses mimicking a malignant process. Two cases also had multifocal areas of origin. The possibility of ...
Horiguchi Yasuhiko - - 2012
Atrophic rhinitis is a widespread and economically important swine disease caused by Pasteurella multocida and Bordetella bronchiseptica. The disease is characterized by atrophy of the nasal turbinate bones, which results in a shortened and deformed snout in severe cases. P. multocida toxin and B. bronchiseptica dermonecrotic toxin have been considered ...
Li Xiao-Jun - - 2012
Thirty-nine fungal metabolites 1-39, including two new alkaloids, 12β-hydroxy-13α-methoxyverruculogen TR-2 (6) and 3-hydroxyfumiquinazoline A (16), were isolated from the fermentation broth of Aspergillus fumigatus LN-4, an endophytic fungus isolated from the stem bark of Melia azedarach. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis (mass spectrometry and ...
Gu Fang-Ming - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory reactions at a tumor site have both detrimental and beneficial effects on tumor progression. This study was designed to assess the clinical significance of tumor-infiltrating inflammatory cells in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). METHODS: A total of 123 consecutive ICC patients who underwent curative resection were enrolled. Tissue ...
Oliveira Elisabete - - 2012
Two new bio-inspired non-proteinogenic compounds L1 and L2, containing coumarin and/or acridine chromophores and bearing as spacer an alanine amino acid were successfully synthesized and fully characterized by elemental analysis, (1)H and (13)C NMR, infrared spectroscopy (KBr discs), melting point, ESI-TOF (electrospray ionization-time of flight-mass), UV-vis absorption and emission spectroscopy, ...
Marino Dale J - - 2012
Abstract The B6C3F1 mouse is the standard mouse strain used in National Toxicology Program (NTP) carcinogenesis studies. Over time, increased liver tumorigenesis that was correlated with elevated body weights was noted in males and females. NTP therefore replaced the NIH-07 diet with the NTP-2000 diet and returned to group housing ...
Bębenek Marek - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study reviewed the impact of preoperative chemoradiotherapy/short-term radiotherapy on abdominosacral amputations of the rectum (ASAR) for the treatment of low-rectum cancers in terms of postoperative morbidity, local recurrence rates, and survival. METHODS: A total of 198 patients with stage II and III tumors located within 6 cm of the ...
de Weerd Nicole A - - 2012
The interferons (IFNs) were originally described over 50 years ago, identified by their ability to confer viral resistance to cells. We now know that they are much more than just anti-viral cytokines collectively having roles in both innate and adaptive immune responses, in tumor surveillance and defense, and modulation of ...
Hong Miao - - 2012
Allene groups are first employed as the reactive moiety in the simple and efficient synthesis of well-defined functional polyethylene. By copolymerization of ethylene with allene group substituted norbornene, the allene group is successfully introduced into the polyethylene with a high content. The retained allene groups are demonstrated to be highly ...
Koehler C - - 2012
PURPOSE: The influence of short-term severe thyroid hormone deficiency on sleep is currently still unknown. Several studies have demonstrated an effect of long-term hypothyroidism on sleep disorders due to anatomical changes of the pharynx or body mass. The aim of this preliminary study, however, is to evaluate the changes in ...
Borloz S - - 2012
Introduction Functional subjective evaluation through questionnaire is fundamental, but not often realized in patients with back complaints, lacking validated tools. The Spinal Function Sort (SFS) was only validated in English. We aimed to translate, adapt and validate the French (SFS-F) and German (SFS-G) versions of the SFS. Methods Three hundred ...
Hamidi Madani Ali - - 2012
PURPOSE: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the main cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in elderly men. Some patients respond poorly to routine medical therapy and are not well suited for surgery, too. This study was planned to evaluate the effect of Botulinum-A on BPH refractory to current medical ...
Martincich Laura - - 2012
We evaluated whether the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) provided by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) varies according to biological features in breast cancer. DWI was performed in 190 patients undergoing dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for local staging. For each of the 192 index cancers we studied the correlation between ADC ...
Kim Hye Ri - - 2012
The striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius, is the most common rodents in temperate forests of the Korean peninsula. We have determined the complete mitochondrial genome (JN629047) of A. agrarius from Korea. Apodemus agrarius mitogenome is 16,263 bp in length and has a base composition of 33.9% A, 29.9% T, 23.6% ...
Aziz M S - - 2012
Optical vorticesare generated and controlled to form trapping tools in the same way as optical tweezers. By using the intense optical vortices generated within the PANDA ring resonator, the required atoms/molecules can be trapped and moved (transported) dynamically within the wavelength router or network. The advantage of the proposed system ...
Cowan Nigel C - - 2012
Hematuria can signify serious disease such as bladder cancer, upper urinary tract urothelial cell carcinoma (UUT-UCC), renal cell cancer or urinary tract stones. CT urography is a rapidly evolving technique made possible by recent advances in CT technology. CT urography is defined as CT examination of the kidneys, ureters and ...
Tsujita Eiji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of subcuticular absorbable suture with subcutaneous drainage to decrease the risk of postoperative incisional surgical site infection (SSI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 149 patients with HCC who underwent hepatectomy (Hx) were retrospectively investigated. Patients were divided into two groups: the ...
Romero Thiago R L - - 2012
N-palmitoyl-ethanolamine (PEA) is an endogenous substance that was first identified in lipid tissue extracts. It has been classified as a CB(2) receptor agonist. Exogenous PEA has the potential to become a valid treatment for neuropathic and inflammatory pain. In spite of the well-demonstrated antiinflammatory properties of PEA, its involvement in ...
Franko A - - 2012
The role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes remains controversial. In order to specifically define the relationship between insulin receptor (InsR) signaling, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia and mitochondrial function, we analyzed mitochondrial performance of insulin-sensitive, slow-oxidative muscle in four different mouse models. In ...
Zander Nicole E - - 2012
The surface modification of synthetic tissue engineering scaffolds is essential to improve their hydrophilicity and cellular compatibility. Plasma treatment is an effective way to increase the hydrophilicity of a surface, but the incorporation of biomolecules is also important to control cellular adhesion and differentiation, among many other outcomes. In this ...
Qin Feng - - 2012
In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome of Teinopalpus aureus guangxiensis (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), which is considered as an endemic species in China. It is listed as a vulnerable species by International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List and also a first class endangered species ...
Geyh S - - 2012
Study design:Multicentre controlled study.Objectives:To investigate if individuals with and without spinal cord injury (SCI) differ in biopsychosocial variables according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).Setting:Participants were recruited through three major SCI rehabilitation centres in Switzerland.Methods:A convenience sample of people with SCI (N=102) and a matched non-SCI ...
Shneider Benjamin L - - 2012
Shneider BL, Bosch J, de Franchis R, Emre SH, Groszmann RJ, Ling SC, Lorenz JM, Squires RH, Superina RA, Thompson AE, Mazariegos GV. Portal Hypertension in Children: Expert Pediatric Opinion on the Report of the Baveno V Consensus Workshop on Methodology of Diagnosis and Therapy in Portal Hypertension. Pediatr Transplantation ...
Vazquez Bianca J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Indications and survival benefit for adrenalectomy (ADX) in the setting of metastasis are not clearly defined. We aimed to determine which patients with primary malignancies may benefit from ADX performed for metastasis. Mayo Clinic institutional outcomes in patients with metastatic disease to the adrenal(s) treated by adrenalectomy were compared ...
Sivanandam S - - 2012
To test the potential of Infrared (IR) thermography in diagnosing as well as predicting type 2 diabetes and its complications compared with biochemical assay of HbA(1c) as standard. As per American Diabetes Association criteria, threshold for diagnosis of diabetes was set as HbA(1c) ≥ 6.5 % (7.7 mmol L(-1)). The total subjects (n = 62) were ...
Hemberger Myriam - - 2012
Differentiation of extra-embryonic tissues and organs, notably the placenta, is vital for embryonic development and growth throughout gestation, starting from a few days after fertilization when the trophoblast cell lineage arises until parturition. In utero metabolic programming events may even extend the impact of placental function well into adulthood as ...
Chen Xiao Wu - - 2012
The complete mitochondrial genome of Siberian sturgeon Acipenser baerii had been determined. The total length of the mitogenome was 16,763 bp and had 13 protein-coding, 22 tRNA, and 2 rRNA genes. Except for the eight tRNA and Nd6 genes, all other mitochondrial genes are encoded on the heavy strand. The overall ...
do Prado Paim Tiago - - 2012
In production systems the characterization of genetic resources in relation to their capacity to respond to environmental conditions is necessary. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of infrared thermography for separation of animals from different genetic groups and determine which phenotypic traits are important for climatic ...
Sasaki Tsugihisa - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report dacryoendoscopic observations and the incidence of lacrimal obstruction/stenosis associated with S-1, an oral anticancer drug. DESIGN: Retrospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. METHODS: A total of 52 patients (41 men, 11 women; age 42-93 years) who were prescribed the anticancer drug S-1 were studied. Patients who suffered eye complaints following ...
Bellien Jeremy - - 2012
We sought to clarify, using functional and biological approaches, the role of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, nitric oxide (NO)/reactive oxygen species balance, and endothelin-1 in conduit artery endothelial dysfunction during essential hypertension. Radial artery diameter and mean wall shear stress were determined in 28 untreated patients with essential hypertension and 30 normotensive ...
Liu L - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Variants of the high-mobility group A1 (HMGA1) gene have been shown to be associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in individuals of European origin. We aimed to determine whether this locus confers significant susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in the Han Chinese population, and thus cross-race susceptibility ...
Fotuhi Majid - - 2012
The hippocampus is particularly vulnerable to the neurotoxic effects of obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypoxic brain injury, obstructive sleep apnoea, bipolar disorder, clinical depression and head trauma. Patients with these conditions often have smaller hippocampi and experience a greater degree of cognitive decline than individuals without these comorbidities. Moreover, hippocampal ...
Unterlauft Jan Darius - - 2012
Survival of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) is compromised in several vision-threatening disorders such as ischemic and hypertensive retinopathies and glaucoma. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a naturally occurring pleiotropic secreted factor in the retina. PEDF produced by retinal glial (Müller) cells is suspected to be an essential component of neuron-glial ...
Usui Akihito - - 2012
A body in an advanced stage of mummification was found in a concrete apartment in Japan. Natural complete mummification is very rare in Japan's humid and temperate climate. We performed multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) to obtain information on the body prior to autopsy. MSCT clearly illustrated old fractures in the ...
López Aventín Daniel - - 2012
Mycosis fungoides is the most common form of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Several clinical and clinicopathological variants of mycosis fungoides have been reported. A 75-year-old woman presenting with multiple ill-defined areas of marked cutaneous wrinkling on the trunk and extremities is reported. Histopathological examination showed characteristic features of mycosis fungoides ...
Cruz-Antonio L - - 2012
Study design:Laboratory investigation in rats submitted to experimental spinal cord injury (SCI).Objective:To determine the effect of acute SCI on the pharmacokinetics of diclofenac, a marker drug of intermediate hepatic extraction, administered by the intravenous and the oral routes.Methods:Female Wistar rats were submitted to complete section of the spinal cord at ...
Liu She-Lan - - 2012
Two hundred fourteen abstracts and 87 full texts regarding pregnant women infected with pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 virus were systematically reviewed by using a PubMed search and assessing pandemic, clinical, laboratory test, vaccine, and control experiences. Both policy and health education were excluded. This review counted the total number of ...
Dirschinger Ralf J - - 2012
The generation of patient-specific stem cells by reprogramming somatic cells to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) provides the basis for a promising new type of in vitro disease models. Patient-specific iPSC derived from individuals with hereditary disorders can be differentiated into somatic cells in vitro, thus allowing the pathophysiology of ...
Czuczman Myron S - - 2012
An international, Phase II trial was conducted to assess two doses of ofatumumab, a human CD20 monoclonal antibody, combined with cyclophosphamide (750 mg/m(2) ), doxorubicin (50 mg/m(2) ), prednisone (100 mg days 3-7) and vincristine (1·4 mg/m(2) ) (O-CHOP), as frontline treatment for follicular lymphoma (FL). 59 patients with previously untreated FL were randomized ...
Mainous Iii Arch G - - 2012
Iron overload cardiomyopathy is becoming more prevalent, and early recognition and intervention may alter outcomes. Calcium channels are key transporters of iron under iron-overloaded conditions, and potentially represent a new therapeutic target for iron overload. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between Calcium channel blocker (CCB) ...
Bruno R M - - 2012
Endothelium-derived factors are thought to be physiological modulators of large artery stiffness. The aim of the study was to investigate whether endothelial function could be a determinant of arterial stiffness in essential hypertensive patients, in relation with the concomitant presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study included 341 participants ...
Rea Delphine - - 2012
The use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeted against the BCR-ABL1 oncoprotein has proven remarkably successful in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and long-term survival has become a reality. Despite this outstanding progress, detection of minimal residual disease precludes therapy termination in most TKI-receiving patients. CML has thus turned into a ...
Pimenta Eduardo - - 2012
Hypertension is the most-prevalent modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hypertension is highly prevalent among older adults (≥65 years), and aging of the population will substantially increase the prevalence of this condition. Age-related endothelial dysfunction and increased arterial stiffness contribute to the increased prevalence of hypertension, particularly ...
Brück Patrick - - 2012
The treatment of hematologic patients in palliative situations remains a major challenge as there are special clinical needs, e.g., transfusions and the high risk for infectious complications with subsequent use of broad anti-infective treatment. Furthermore, most hematologic patients have a relatively long history of disease and are acquainted with "their" ...
Lv Shu-Hui - - 2012
The thermopower and conductance in a zigzag graphene p-n junction are studied by using the nonequilibrium Green's function method combined with the tight-binding Hamiltonian. Our results show that the conductance and thermopower of the junction can be modulated by its width, the potential drop, and the applied perpendicular magnetic fields. ...
Nakhal Rola S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this paper is to study the incidence and risk factors for genital prolapse in adult women with bladder exstrophy and to describe the long-term outcome of the Gore-Tex wrap procedure for genital prolapse. METHODS: A retrospective observational study on adult women with classical bladder ...
Ahmad Rais - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The adsorption characteristics of Pb(2+) ions from aqueous solutions onto calix[4]naphthalene have been investigated. METHOD: Calix[4]naphthalene was prepared by the condensation of 1-naphthol and formaldehyde (1:2) in presence of hydrochloric acid at 80°C. The effect of various operation parameters, such as solution pH, initial metal ion concentration, contact time, ...
Das Subir Kumar - - 2012
Abstract Ethanol metabolism induces generation of excessive amount of reactive oxygen species which results immune dysfunction. We examined the efficacy of silymarin on ethanol-induced oxidative stress, immunomodulatory activity and vascular function in mice blood. Effectiveness of silymarin was compared with potent antioxidant ascorbic acid. In the present study, 8-10 weeks ...
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