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Results 201 - 250 of 3728
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Kirmse Ursula - - 2012
This study addressed the extraction of long-term sound familiarity as a higher-order feature of complex, environmental sounds. Physically variable, familiar animal sounds and spectrotemporally matched, unfamiliar control sounds were presented. Participants ignored the acoustic stimuli. Infrequent deviant sounds violated the familiarity status established by the standard sounds, but no regularity ...
Ovchinnikov Victor - - 2012
The popular targeted molecular dynamics (TMD) method for generating transition paths in complex biomolecular systems is revisited. In a typical TMD transition path, the large-scale changes occur early and the small-scale changes tend to occur later. As a result, the order of events in the computed paths depends on the ...
Davis William B WB School of Molecular Biosciences, Biotechnology/Life Sciences 135, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-7520, USA. - - 2012
The ability of DNA to transport positive charges, or holes, over long distances is well-established, but the mechanistic details of how this process is influenced by packaging into DNA-protein complexes have not been fully delineated. In eukaryotes, genomic DNA is packaged into chromatin through its association with the core histone ...
Faria Andreia Vasconcellos AV The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. - - 2012
Williams syndrome is a developmental disorder with a genetic basis, which results in an uneven cognitive profile with relatively strong language skills and severely impaired visuospatial abilities. To better understand the brain structure underlying this profile, we compared individuals with Williams syndrome with controls using multimodal neuroimaging data and new ...
Eurich Dennis - - 2012
BACKGROUND.: The development of liver graft disease is partially determined by individual genetic background. Interleukin 28B (IL28B) is strongly suspected to be involved in susceptibility for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, inflammation, and antiviral treatment response before and after liver transplantation (LT). Currently, the role of IL28B polymorphism (rs12979860) in ...
Boudreau Marc A - - 2012
Bacterial muropeptides are soluble peptidoglycan structures central to recycling of the bacterial cell wall and messengers in diverse cell signaling events. Bacteria sense muropeptides as signals that antibiotics targeting cell-wall biosynthesis are present, and eukaryotes detect muropeptides during the innate immune response to bacterial infection. This review summarizes the roles ...
May Eric R - - 2012
The morphology of icosahedral viruses ranges from highly spherical to highly faceted, and for some viruses a shape transition occurs during the viral life cycle. This phenomena is predicted from continuum elasticity, via the buckling transition theory by Nelson (Phys. Rev. E 2003, 68, 051910), in which the shape is ...
Samer Francis - - 2012
Polymyositis-dermatomyositis is a rare systemic autoimmune disease which belongs to the class of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. The disease exhibits high inter-individual variability, but chronic myositis is a common feature. As different manifestations often appear in atypical forms, establishing the precise diagnosis can be rather complicated. The prognosis and the patient's ...
Pákáski Magdolna - - 2012
The cognitive subscale of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale is the most widely used test in the diagnostic and research work of Alzheimer's disease. Aims: The aim of this study was to validate and investigate reliability of the Hungarian version of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale in patients with Alzheimer's ...
Marosi Krisztina - - 2012
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading causes of death in the developed countries. Elevated homocysteine level is as an independent risk factor of CVDs. The C677T and A1298C variants of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) have been shown to influence folate and homocysteine metabolisms. However, the relationship between MTHFR polymorphisms and ...
Tarr Tünde - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disorder which affects women with child bearing potential. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the successful pregnancies in patients with lupus in the past 10 years. Women were followed up at the 3rd Department of Internal Medicine, University of Debrecen. ...
Gleghorn Jason P - - 2012
Branching morphogenesis generates a diverse array of epithelial patterns, including dichotomous and monopodial geometries. Dichotomous branching can be instructed by concentration gradients of epithelial-derived inhibitory morphogens, including transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ), which is responsible for ramification of the pubertal mammary gland. Here, we investigated the role of autocrine inhibitory morphogens ...
Nagy Nandor - - 2012
The enteric nervous system (ENS) develops from neural crest-derived cells that migrate along the intestine to form two plexuses of neurons and glia. While the major features of ENS development are conserved across species, minor differences exist, especially in the colorectum. Given the embryologic and disease-related importance of the distal ...
Vandenberg Laura N - - 2012
Embryonic development can often adjust its morphogenetic processes to counteract external perturbation. The existence of self-monitoring responses during pattern formation is of considerable importance to the biomedicine of birth defects, but has not been quantitatively addressed. To understand the computational capabilities of biological tissues in a molecularly tractable model system, ...
Samanta Susruta - - 2012
In this paper, a theoretical study of 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) and 1,2-dimethoxypropane (DMP) at water/n-heptane and 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospatidycholine (DMPC) lipid bilayer/water interfaces using the umbrella sampling method is reported. Recently proposed GROMOS96/OPLS compatible models for DME and DMP have been used for the simulation studies. The percolation free energy barrier of one ...
Li Kelin - - 2012
A screen for hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3 helicase inhibitors revealed that the commercial dye thioflavine S was the most potent inhibitor of NS3-catalyzed DNA and RNA unwinding in the 827-compound National Cancer Institute Mechanistic Set. Thioflavine S and the related dye primuline were separated here into their pure components, ...
Schlenker Casey - - 2012
Hyperthermophilic archaeal viruses, including Sulfolobus spindle-shaped viruses (SSVs) such as SSV-1 and SSV-Ragged Hills, exhibit remarkable morphology and genetic diversity. However, they remain poorly understood, in part because their genomes exhibit limited or unrecognizable sequence similarity to genes with known function. Here we report structural and functional studies of E73, ...
Cao Ping - - 2012
Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP, amylin) is responsible for amyloid formation in type 2 diabetes and in transplanted islets. The flavanol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate [EGCG; (2R,3R)-5,7-dihydroxy-2-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-3-yl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate] is an effective inhibitor of amyloid formation by IAPP; however, the interactions required for the inhibition of IAPP amyloid formation and for the remodeling of amyloid ...
Finlay Heather J - - 2012
Previously disclosed dihydropyrazolopyrimidines are potent and selective blockers of I(Kur) current. A potential liability with this chemotype is the formation of a reactive metabolite which demonstrated covalent binding to protein in vitro. When substituted at the 2 or 3 position, this template yielded potent I(Kur) inhibitors, with selectivity over hERG ...
Brilli Federico F Ionicon Analytik GmbH, Eduard-Bodem-Gasse 3, 6020 Innsbruck, - - 2012
Mechanical wounding of plants triggers the release of a blend of reactive biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs). During and after mowing and harvesting of managed grasslands, significant BVOC emissions have the potential to alter the physical and chemical properties of the atmosphere and lead to ozone and aerosol formation with ...
Rad Behzad B Department of Microbiology, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Graduate Group in Biophysics, University of California, Davis, Davis, California 95616-8665, United - - 2012
A member of the SF2 family of helicases, Escherichia coli RecQ, is involved in the recombination and repair of double-stranded DNA breaks and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) gaps. Although the unwinding activity of this helicase has been studied biochemically, the mechanism of translocation remains unclear. To this end, using ssDNA of ...
Pallan Pradeep S - - 2012
Incorporation of a bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane scaffold into the nucleoside sugar was devised to lock the embedded cyclopentane ring in conformations that mimic the furanose North and South sugar puckers. To analyze the effects of North-methanocarba-2'-deoxythymidine (N-MCdT) on the B-form DNA, we crystallized d(CGCGAA[mcTmcT]CGCG) with two N-MCdTs. Instead of a duplex, the ...
Richard John P - - 2012
Triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) catalyzes the stereospecific 1,2-proton shift at dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) to give (R)-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate through a pair of isomeric enzyme-bound cis-enediolate phosphate intermediates. The chemical transformations that occur at the active site of TIM were well understood by the early 1990s. The mechanism for enzyme-catalyzed isomerization is similar ...
Bolivar Juan H - - 2012
Interactions of fatty acids with the potassium channel KcsA were studied using Trp fluorescence quenching and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) techniques. The brominated analogue of oleic acid was shown to bind to annular sites on KcsA and to the nonannular sites at each protein-protein interface in the homotetrameric structure with ...
Sterling Harry J - - 2012
The formation of high charge-state protein ions with nanoelectrospray ionization (nESI) from purely aqueous ammonium bicarbonate solutions at neutral pH, where the proteins have native or native-like conformations prior to ESI droplet formation, is demonstrated. This "electrothermal" supercharging method depends on the temperature of the instrument entrance capillary, the nESI ...
Niñonuevo Milady R - - 2012
Unique to ion mobility mass spectrometry (IM-MS) is the ability to provide collision cross section (CCS) data and the capacity to delineate any dissociation and/or unfolding of protein complexes. The strong correlation of the experimentally determined CCS with theory is indicative of the retention of native structure in the gas ...
Bhatti Ijaz A - - 2012
Gamma irradiation is a safe method for the decontamination of shellfish, and its technical feasibility and safety have been endorsed (FAO/IAEA/WHO). In order to implement proper food-processing regulations, the identification of radiation treatment is required. In this study, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was employed to identify the irradiation of ...
Chanarat Sochaya - - 2012
Microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) has been used to increase the gel strength of surimi. Nevertheless, its effectiveness varies with fish species. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of MTGase at different levels on protein cross-linking and gel property of surimi from threadfin bream, Indian mackerel and sardine ...
Miyazaki Takayuki - - 2012
Tangerines have a distinct flavor among citrus fruit. However, information on tangerine volatiles remains limited. Volatile compounds from a breeding population of tangerines were earlier identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In this study, five hybrids with a distinct volatile profile were analyzed by gas-chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) and descriptive sensory analysis. Forty-nine ...
Chaves Alexandre V - - 2012
Silage additives are marketed with the primary aim of improving the fermentation and/or aerobic stability of silage. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of three different essential oils (EOs; cinnamon leaf (CIN), oregano (ORE) and sweet orange (SO)) on the fermentation characteristics and stability of barley ...
Lin Tzu Che - - 2012
Dried root of Sophora flavescens Ait. is a medicinal material occasionally misused or adulterated by other species similar in appearance. In this study the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of DNA samples of S. flavescens Ait. collected from different areas of Taiwan were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and ...
Manithody Chandrashekhara - - 2012
Recent results have indicated that factor Xa (FXa) cleaves protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR-2) to elicit protective intracellular signaling responses in endothelial cells. In this study, we investigated the molecular determinants of the specificity of FXa interaction with PAR-2 by monitoring the cleavage of PAR-2 by FXa in endothelial cells transiently ...
Reverberi Massimo - - 2012
Among the various factors correlated with toxin production in fungi, oxidative stress is a crucial one. In relation to this, an important role is played by oxidative stress-related receptors. These receptors can transduce the "oxidative message" to the nucleus and promote a transcriptional change targeted at restoring the correct redox ...
Rosendahl J - - 2012
Overall, genetically determined diseases of the pancreas are rare. Recently, it was demonstrated that in chronic pancreatitis many patients carry genetic changes in associated genes. Aside from chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis is also characterized by exocrine insufficiency in many patients. Genetic alterations in CFTR can be found in patients suffering ...
Tomé Lorena - - 2012
A human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) neutralization escape mutant was obtained after 56 serial passages in the presence of a polyclonal antiserum raised against the F protein. Nucleotide sequence analysis of this escape mutant virus revealed two amino acid substitutions: Asn268Ile and Val533Met. When this virus was allowed to grow ...
Bänsch D - - 2012
Ventricular tachycardias (VT), shocks, and clusters of shock are ominous signs in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and herald an increased risk of hospitalization and mortality. VT clusters have been associated with aggravation of heart failure (19%), acute coronary events (14%), and electrolyte imbalance (10%). Yet, any association of potential causative ...
Guerin O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rectal cancer in patients aged ≥ 80 years is increasingly more frequent. Little is known regarding their clinical history and outcome after treatment. This retrospective study was undertaken to provide data on this situation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A questionnaire was sent to the medical doctors of 414 patients listed in the database ...
Africa Cindy-Jade - - 2012
The attachment of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and Leptospirillum ferriphilum spp. grown on ferrous medium or adapted to a pyrite mineral concentrate to four mineral substrata, namely, chalcopyrite and pyrite concentrates, a low-grade chalcopyrite ore (0.5 wt%) and quartzite, was investigated. The quartzite represented a typical gangue mineral and served as a control. ...
Kechrid Zine - - 2012
Previous studies suggest a protective effect of vitamin D3 on zinc deficiency-induced insulin secretion and on pancreas β-cell function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin D on blood biochemical parameters, tissue zinc and liver glutathione in diabetic rats fed a zinc-deficient diet. For that ...
Fiegl M - - 2012
The identification and characterization of an increasing number of chromosomal and molecular aberrations has not only increased the understanding of the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia but also provides the means for a better judgment of prognosis and the direction of therapy. Together with patient-specific factors like age, co-morbidity, and ...
Sawidis Thomas - - 2012
Concentrations of five metals (cadmium, chromium, copper, nickel and lead) were determined in tree leaves collected from 13 areas of the Attica basin and Athens city, Greece. Geographical distribution patterns were investigated, and factors affecting toxic element accumulation in trees were discussed. The mean heavy metal content in the tree ...
Zerres K - - 2012
Cystic kidney diseases are clinically and genetically heterogeneous. The most important entities are autosomal-dominant and autosomal-recessive polycystic kidney diseases. The proteins encoded by the involved genes are referred to as cystoproteins, which are located predominantly in the primary cilia. Primary cilia play an important role in cyst formation. Inherited polycystic ...
Tanaka Takao - - 2012
Dihomo-γ-linolenic acid (DGLA) is one of the polyunsaturated fatty acids, and is expected to show anti-allergic activity. We examined the effects of supplementation with DGLA-enriched oil (450 mg as free DGLA) for 4 weeks in healthy adults in a randomized controlled study. The DGLA composition in the total fatty acids of serum ...
Størkson Ragnhild H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is a consistently reported relationship between the incidence of colon cancer and obesity. It is thought that adipose tissue, particularly visceral fat, which secretes systemic factors that alter immunological, metabolic and endocrine milieu and promotes insulin resistance by producing adipocytokines, is important in cancer progression. Systemic high concentrations ...
Yüksek Omer - - 2012
In this study, general knowledge and some details of the floods in Eastern Black Sea Basin of Turkey are presented. Brief hydro-meteorological analysis of selected nine floods and detailed analysis of the greatest flood are given. In the studied area, 51 big floods have taken place between 1955-2005 years, causing 258 ...
Rades D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study aimed to identify prognostic factors for local control and survival in 214 patients irradiated for spinal cord compression (SCC) from myeloma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten potential prognostic factors were investigated including age, gender, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance score (ECOG-PS), number of involved vertebrae, ambulatory status, other ...
Magli Adriano - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes of intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for congenital cataract in children under 2 years old are still undetermined. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of bilateral congenital cataract who had undergone simultaneous bilateral cataract removal with posterior capsulotomy and central anterior vitrectomy between 1990 and 2010. Patients randomly underwent ...
Sakamoto Tatsuji - - 2012
We previously isolated two α-L: -arabinofuranosidases (ABFs), termed AFQ1 and AFS1, from the culture filtrate of Penicillium chrysogenum 31B. afq1 and afs1 complementary DNAs encoding AFQ1 and AFS1 were isolated by in vitro cloning. The deduced amino acid sequences of AFQ1 and AFS1 are highly similar to those of Penicillium ...
Lim Su Jin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of vitrectomy including internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling without gas tamponade for myopic foveoschisis (MF). METHOD: In this retrospective study, 15 eyes of 13 consecutive patients with MF underwent pars plana vitrectomy and ILM peeling without gas tamponade. The main outcomes were measured using best-corrected ...
Kaur Kuljeet - - 2012
Receptors coupled to G proteins have many effects on the heart. Enhanced signaling by Gα(s) and Gα(q) leads to cardiac injury and heart failure, while Gα(i2) signaling in cardiac myocytes can protect against ischemic injury and β-adrenergic-induced heart failure. We asked whether enhanced Gα(i2) signaling in mice could protect against ...
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