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Greenberg J K JK Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, - - 2012
Small, non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in many biological processes, including the development of the nervous system. However, the roles of miRNAs in natural behavioral and neuronal plasticity are not well understood. To help address this we characterized the microRNA transcriptome in the adult worker honey bee head and ...
Padmini Ekambaram E P.G. Department of Biochemistry, Bharathi Women's College, Affiliated to University of Madras, Tamil Nadu, India. - - 2012
Preeclampsia is a placenta related disorder of during pregnancy resulting in pre- and post-partum complications of the both mother and fetus. It is associated with improper trophoblast invasion and maternal endothelial cell dysfunction leading to a placental dysregulation resulting in premature delivery. Aim of the present study is to elucidate ...
Wang Poguang P Pharmaceutical Science and Barnett Institute, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United - - 2012
A method for nontargeted analysis of modified nucleotides in DNA (and RNA) is reported based on labeling with benzoylhistamine (BH) followed by MALDI-MS. The method provides deoxynucleotide-specific detection, accurate measurement of molecular ions, high sensitivity, semiquantitation, and, to the extent studied to date, normalization of response within a factor of ...
Derksen R E - - 2012
Recent guidelines on obesity management promote integrated care. There is little knowledge about local opportunities and barriers, faced by health care professionals and patients, that affect implementation of an integrated national health care standard in a local setting. Our aim is to understand experiences and expectations of health care professionals ...
Butler Nicholas J - - 2012
Purpose: To determine the efficacy of interferon alpha 2b in the treatment of refractory, uveitic cystoid macular edema (CME). Methods: Retrospective chart review of 4 patients attending the uveitis clinic at the Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University. Results: All 4 patients had uveitis and refractory CME, resistant ...
Choung Ho-Kyung - - 2012
We investigated the aberrant promoter methylation status of known or suspected tumor suppressor genes in ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) and the possible association with clinical characteristics and Chlamydophila psittaci infection. Thirty-five cases of ocular adnexal mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma cases were examined for the methylation status of nine genes ...
Chawla Saurabh - - 2012
Esophageal variceal bleeding remains the leading cause of acute mortality in patients with cirrhosis. Platelet count to spleen diameter (PC/SD) ratio less than 909 is one of several parameters proposed for the noninvasive prediction of esophageal varices. The aim of this study is to systematically review the evidence on the ...
Gholve Purushottam A - - 2012
: Persistent or recurrent hip dysplasia and/or loss of reduction can complicate the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in walking children. In this study, we identify predictors for secondary procedures after open reduction of the hip in walking children with DDH. : We performed a retrospective study ...
Karliner Leah S LS Department of Medicine, Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, Division of General Internal Medicine, - - 2012
Effective communication at hospital discharge is necessary for an optimal transition and to avoid adverse events. We investigated the association of a language barrier with patient understanding of discharge instructions. Spanish-speaking, Chinese-speaking, and English-speaking patients admitted to 2 urban hospitals between 2005 and 2008, comparing patient understanding of follow-up appointment ...
Streppel Martinette T - - 2012
Nutrient quality systems, for example the nutrient-rich foods (NRF) index, measure the nutrient quality of individual foods and may be used to assess the nutrient density of the overall diet. It is not yet known whether the NRF index is helpful in weight management. We hypothesize that a nutrient-dense diet ...
Attia Hanan Naeim - - 2012
Diabetic neuropathy is the most common chronic complication of diabetes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of curcumin against neuropathy in gliclazide-treated diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (45 mg/kg). Diabetic animals were given gliclazide (10 mg/kg, orally) alone ...
Szwajcer E - - 2012
To examine the nutrition awareness of women before and during pregnancy in order to provide a greater understanding of the life course perspective (LCP) in relation to nutrition behaviours and pregnancy. Data were collected in a cross-sectional study with the aid of a face-to-face interview, based on our conceptualization of ...
El-Zawahry Bakr Mohamed - - 2012
Narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) is considered the most effective and safe initial treatment for moderate-to-severe vitiligo but phototoxicity and possible carcinogenicity are the reported side effects. Ultraviolet A1 (UVA1) phototherapy has overlapping biological effects to NB-UVB and is relatively free of side effects associated with other phototherapy regimens. Forty patients ...
de Souza Clairton F - - 2012
To identify the distribution of creatine transporter (CRT) in the aged human retina and how this expression pattern is modified after retinal detachment. An affinity-purified antibody raised against the CRT was used in the immunohistochemical investigation. The anti-CRT antibody was colocalized with neuronal markers (calbindin, parvalbumin, Islet-1, calretinin, GAD₆₇, Go-alpha), ...
van Avendonk Mariëlle J P - - 2012
The prevalence of obesity and overweight is increasing globally and forms a huge public health problem. On the other hand, the prevalence of malnutrition or undernutrition is substantial, especially in nursing homes or in the elderly at home. Primary care and public health are separate disciplines. But in the field ...
Harris Rachel R Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2012
Operative intervention on the parathyroid and thyroid glands has become more minimally invasive and selective over the past decade. This requires high-quality preoperative imaging evaluation for better knowledge of the relevant anatomical considerations and potential localization. Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy has become the operation of choice for most patients presenting with ...
Lalancette N - - 2012
ABSTRACT The production of conidia by Fusicladium carpophilum on twig lesions was quantitatively modeled as a function of temperature and duration of high relative humidity. During peak sporulation periods in 2007, 2008, and 2009, 1-year-old twigs bearing abundant overwintering lesions were removed from a heavily infected 'Redgold' nectarine orchard, placed ...
Liang Xiaoling - - 2012
To evaluate the effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on retinal neovascularization (NV) and neuroprotection in an oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) model. Neonatal C57BL/6J mice were subjected to 75% oxygen from postnatal day 7 (P7) to P12 and then returned to room air. TMP (200 mg/kg) or normal saline was given daily from ...
Hossain Liaquat - - 2012
Coordination theory provides a theoretical framework for analysing complex processes of project groups working towards a common goal. In this study, we explore the relationship between coordination and social networks for the development of a network-based coordination model. This model is applied to measure the performance and quality of complex ...
Brotons Carlos - - 2012
For preventive interventions in general practice to succeed, patients' points of view must be taken into account in addition to those of GPs. To explore patients' views and beliefs about the importance of lifestyle and preventive interventions, to assess their readiness to make changes to their lifestyle and their willingness ...
Ballard Michael R - - 2012
: Surgical site infections (SSI) associated with elective pediatric spinal surgery are a commonly reported complication, increasing hospital length of stay, readmissions, operations, and financial costs. In July 2007, a multidisciplinary task force, designated Target Zero, was created to address this issue and establish prevention protocols at our institution. : ...
Khairallah Moncef - - 2012
Any patient with a diagnosis of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) should be questioned to determine any recent corticosteroid use, as the poor visual outcome may be due to unrecognized corticosteroid use. Atypical forms of CSCR may be misdiagnosed as an inflammatory serous retinal detachment, mainly Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. CSCR that develops ...
Sauro Salvatore - - 2012
Sauro S, Watson TF, Thompson I, Toledano M, Nucci C, Banerjee A. Influence of air-abrasion executed with polyacrylic acid-Bioglass 45S5 on the bonding performance of a resin-modified glass ionomer cement. Eur J Oral Sci 2012; 120: 168-177. © 2012 Eur J Oral Sci The aim of this study was to ...
Hunter Allan A FM Kirby Center for Molecular Ophthalmology, Scheie Eye Institute, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2012
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Evidence suggests oxidative stress plays a role in the disease. To assess the potential contribution of epigenetic regulation of antioxidant genes relevant to AMD pathogenesis, we evaluated DNA methylation, a tissue-specific genetic modulation that affects gene expression. ...
Panjavi Behnam - - 2012
: The most common congenital orthopaedic condition requiring treatment is clubfoot. The Ponseti method, which has improved the recurrence rate, is at present the most attractive method of treatment in the north of America. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of this method in an Iranian ...
Martins Olga - - 2012
To investigate and analyze the relationship between individual ossicular erosion and air-bone gap (ABG) among patients with cholesteatoma. Retrospective case review. Tertiary referral center. Data from all patients undergoing an initial surgery for cholesteatoma were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate the relationships between preoperative pure tone audiometry data, intraoperative assessment of ...
Majumdar Abhijit - - 2012
The weave, fabric cover, areal density and ultraviolet (UV) absorbers are some of the factors which influence the ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) of cotton fabrics. It will be of interest to know whether fabric cover or fabric areal density is a better predictor of cotton fabric UPF. It will also ...
Lin Phoebe - - 2012
This study was conducted to determine whether there were significant differences in choroidal thickness, contrast, outer choroidal vessel (OCV), and choroidal-scleral junction (CSJ) visualization in inverted versus upright spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Images were captured on Bioptigen SD-OCT, Zeiss Cirrus HD-OCT, and Heidelberg Spectralis in 42 eyes of 21 ...
Maire Frédérique - - 2012
Surgery prolongs survival in patients with gastrinomas, but postoperative recurrences are frequent and controversies still exist about the optimal surgical procedures. The aim of this study is to analyze biological and morphological recurrences and to search for risk factors. Between 1990 and 2008, 22 patients (five with multiple endocrine neoplasia ...
Seidell J C - - 2012
The Partnership Overweight Netherlands (PON) is a collaboration between 18 partners, which are national organizations of health care providers, health insurance companies and patient organizations. The PON published an integrated health care standard for obesity in November 2010. The integrated health care standard for obesity involves strategies for diagnosis and ...
Gupta Kirti - - 2012
A retrospective analysis of lobectomy, pneumonectomy, cystectomy specimens (10 years) and stillbirth/neonatal autopsies (5 years) was carried out to analyze the histologic spectrum of congenital pulmonary developmental disorders/malformations. The autopsy data was analyzed to identify the lesions that are more diffuse and not amenable to surgical management. A total of ...
Bassett Erin A EA Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2012
We have previously shown that the transcription factor AP-2α (Tcfap2a) is expressed in postmitotic developing amacrine cells in the mouse retina. Although retina-specific deletion of Tcfap2a did not affect retinogenesis, two other family members, AP-2β and AP-2γ, showed expression patterns similar to AP-2α. Here we show that, in addition to ...
Morley John E - - 2012
Undernutrition in older persons usually presents as weight loss and is predominantly due to protein energy wasting. The presentation of undernutrition is often subtle in older persons and there is a need to utilize screening tools and increasing physician awareness. There are multiple treatable causes of undernutrition in older persons. ...
Reid Suzanne M - - 2012
Low vitamin D levels have been associated with adverse effects on health. The primary source of vitamin D is cutaneous production during sunlight exposure. Sun avoidance can restrict vitamin D photosynthesis and is common practice amongst patients with photosensitivity. Few studies have examined vitamin D status in this population, particularly ...
Nguyen Tracy T TT Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, - - 2012
To confirm the expression of monocarboxylate transporters (MCT) 1, 2, and 4 in rabbit CE and to test the hypothesis that cellular buffering contributed by HCO₃⁻, NBCe1, and carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity facilitates lactate-H⁺ efflux thereby controlling corneal hydration in vivo. MCT1-4 expression of rabbit endothelium was examined by Western ...
Sengupta Arunima A Division of Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2012
The forkhead transcription factor FoxO1 is involved in cell cycle regulation during cardiovascular development. Systemic loss of FoxO1 results in lethality at embryonic day 10.5 with severe cardiovascular defects; however, the cell-type-specific requirements for FoxO1 in cardiovascular development are unknown. Here we examine the role of FoxO1 using a conditional ...
Douglas Tania S - - 2012
: Widening of the prevertebral soft tissues is one of several significant indirect signs of cervical spine trauma. This paper provides pediatric radiographic reference measurements for prevertebral soft tissues at C2 and C6, and for the ratio of soft tissue to vertebral width at C6. : We reviewed 327 radiographs ...
Lionnet Timothée T Department of Anatomy & Structural Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, - - 2012
Transcription is a complex process that integrates the state of the cell and its environment to generate adequate responses for cell fitness and survival. Recent microscopy experiments have been able to monitor transcription from single genes in individual cells. These observations have revealed two striking features: transcriptional activity can vary ...
Lee Edward R - - 2012
To compare temporal aspects of peripheral neural responses and central auditory perception between groups of younger adult and elderly cochlear implant users. Cohort study. Academic hospital and cochlear implant center. Adult cochlear implant users aged 28 to 57 years in the younger group (n = 5) and 61 to 89 ...
Sarkar Joy J Corneal Neurobiology Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine and characterize the effect of topical application of benzalkonium chloride (BAK) on corneal nerves in vivo and in vitro. Thy1-YFP+ neurofluorescent mouse eyes were treated topically with vehicle or BAK (0.01% or 0.1%). Wide-field stereofluorescence microscopy was performed to sequentially image the ...
Juliano Amy Fan-Yee - - 2012
Infectious and autoimmune diseases account for the majority of benign conditions of the thyroid gland. They are usually diagnosed and followed by clinical examination and laboratory analyses, but when imaged, ultrasonography and computed tomography are the modalities of choice. In particular, fine needle aspiration under ultrasound guidance may be invaluable ...
Hori Kanji - - 2012
Further to our previous report of a genetic association between interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) receptor 1 gene and atopic cataract, we investigated the roles of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a fibrosis-related, IFN-γ downstream molecule, in the pathogenesis of atopic cataracts. Cultured lens epithelial cells (LECs) were stimulated by IFN-γ and quantified by ...
Pardanani Animesh - - 2012
Systemic mastocytosis (SM) results from a clonal proliferation of abnormal mast cells (MC) in one or more extra-cutaneous organs. The major criterion is presence of multifocal clusters of morphologically abnormal MC in the bone marrow. Minor diagnostic criteria include elevated serum tryptase level, abnormal MC expression of CD25 and/or CD2, ...
Putney Scott A - - 2012
: The location of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) tears has been well documented in the adult population, with most occurring at the insertion of the ligament on the adductor tubercle. It is not clear whether a difference exists in the pediatric and adolescent populations. The location of the injury has ...
Fernandez Olivier - - 2012
Low temperatures damage many temperate crops, including grapevine, which, when exposed to chilling, can be affected by symptoms ranging from reduced yield up to complete infertility. We have previously demonstrated that Burkholderia phytofirmans PsJN, a plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) that colonizes grapevine, is able to reduce chilling-induced damage. We hypothesized ...
Söğütlü Esin - - 2012
To compare changes that occur at the posterior corneal surface after the implantation of intracorneal ring segments (ICRSs) using either mechanical or femtosecond laser-assisted procedures and to correlate these changes with the visual outcome achieved. Retrospective, nonrandomized, and interventional case series including 223 consecutive eyes of 186 patients with keratoconus ...
Seth Malini M Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, - - 2012
During muscle development, the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum (SR/ER) undergoes remodeling to establish a specialized internal Ca(2+) store for muscle contraction. We hypothesized that store operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is required to fill Ca(2+) stores and is, therefore, critical to creating a mature SR/ER. Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) functions as a ...
van Dijk Elske - - 2012
One of the stakeholders in tackling the rise and health consequences of overweight and obesity is the general practice physician (GP). GPs are in a good position to inform and give nutrition guidance to overweight patients. Assessment of working mechanism of determinants of the nutrition guidance practice: noticing patients' overweight ...
Dempsey-Robertson Molly - - 2012
: There is a reported increased risk of intra-abdominal tumors in children with both syndromic (SH) and isolated idiopathic hemihyperplasia (IH). Recommendations for tumor surveillance have been made, although there is no consensus for frequency and duration of screening. Our objective was to review the incidence of abdominal neoplasms in ...
Patel A N - - 2012
Many types of histiocytoses have been described. We present a case of a 56-year-old woman who presented with multiple nodules on the hands. On histological examination of an excision biopsy, a mainly dermal lesion was seen, with scattered mononuclear inflammatory cells and occasional multinucleated cells in the background. The tumour ...
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