Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 4267
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
- - 3012
Each year at the annual meeting of The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG), addresses are given in honor of the Society and a number of award winners. A summary of each of these addresses is given below. On the following pages, we have printed the Presidential Address and the ...
Denning Warren W Department of Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-2182, - - 2013
Lentiviral vectors are widely used as effective gene-delivery vehicles. Optimization of the conditions for efficient lentiviral transduction is of a high importance for a variety of research applications. Presence of positively charged polycations reduces the electrostatic repulsion forces between a negatively charged cell and an approaching enveloped lentiviral particle resulting ...
Catalano Paul J PJ Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02215-5450, USA. - - 2013
The research goals of the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance (CanCORS) Consortium are to determine how characteristics and beliefs of patients, providers, and health care organizations influence the treatments and outcomes of individuals with newly diagnosed lung and colorectal cancers. As CanCORS results will inform national policy, it is ...
Williams Ann Bartley AB School of Nursing, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2013
A decade after widespread recognition that adherence to medication regimens is key to antiretroviral effectiveness, considerable controversy remains regarding a "gold standard" for adherence measurement. Each adherence measurement approach has strengths and weaknesses and each rests on specific assumptions. The range of assumptions regarding adherence measurement and the diversity with ...
Shankle William R WR Department of Cognitive Sciences, UC Irvine, Irvine, CA, - - 2013
Determining how cognition affects functional abilities is important in Alzheimer disease and related disorders. A total of 280 patients (normal or Alzheimer disease and related disorders) received a total of 1514 assessments using the functional assessment staging test (FAST) procedure and the MCI Screen. A hierarchical Bayesian cognitive processing model ...
Cao Ying J YJ Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2012
We sought to describe quantitatively the distribution of rectally administered gels and seminal fluid surrogates using novel concentration-distance parameters that could be repeated over time. These methods are needed to develop rationally rectal microbicides to target and prevent HIV infection. Eight subjects were dosed rectally with radiolabelled and gadolinium-labelled gels ...
Caillet Céline - - 2012
The physicochemical properties of racemates and stereoisomers of medicines can differ significantly, and this may affect the side-effect profile in addition to the pharmacokinetics and intended pharmacology. This is a study to investigate the profile of adverse drug reactions of racemic and enantiomeric forms of drugs. Our data suggest differences ...
Warren John B - - 2012
To quantify the value of a medical therapy the benefits are weighed against the risks. Effectiveness is defined by objective evidence from predefined endpoints. This benefit is offset against the disadvantage of adverse events. The safety assessment is usually a subjective summary of concerns that can often be neither confirmed ...
Reed Phil P Department of Psychology, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, UK. - - 2012
The matching law suggests that behavior is emitted in proportion to the level of reinforcement available. The current study investigated this effect in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and focused on the effects of magnitude of reinforcement (Study 1), and rate of reinforcement (Studies 2 and 3), on matching ...
Andersen Eivind - - 2012
Physical activity (PA) is thought to prevent the metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is prevalent among south Asian immigrants in Western countries. The purpose of this study was to explore whether increasing PA improves the MetS and associated components in a group of Pakistani immigrant men living in Norway. One- hundred ...
Randby Anna - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Stress imposed on the myocardium by repeated severe hypoxemia and/or BP surges during sleep may result in subclinical myocardial injury. A high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) assay has been developed. We hypothesized that the severity of OSA, as assessed by ...
Thoopputra Thitaporn - - 2012
The objective of this study is to review the effectiveness and limitations of existing diabetes risk screening tools to assess the need for further developing of such tools. An electronic search of the EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane library supplemented by a manual search was performed from 1995-2010. The search retrieved ...
Kariman Hamid - - 2012
According to previous animal studies, aluminium phosphides (AlPs) may induce oxidative stress leading to generation of free radicals and alteration in antioxidant defense system. This study was conducted to evaluate the existence and degree of oxidative stress in patients with acute AlP ingestion. A total of 44 acute AlP ingested ...
Nishida Naoshi - - 2012
We aimed to identify the specific subset of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) that are methylation-silenced during the earliest steps of hepatocarcinogenesis, and to further evaluate whether these genes can serve as predictive biomarkers of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) emergence. A total of 482 liver tissues including 177 pairs of HCCs and ...
Chiu Harvey K - - 2012
Risk factors for the rare and unique entity of paediatric thyroid cancer are becoming more clearly defined. This study investigated the association of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with the diagnosis of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in the paediatric population. No previous studies have correlated the paediatric thyroid cancer risk with TSH levels. ...
Ambrosetti P - - 2012
Patients were studied after a first episode of acute left-colonic diverticulitis for the initial and later evolution of the disease with the aim of defining evidence-based indications for elective surgery. Relevant data from prospective studies were retrieved from a MEDLINE search of English language articles. Young male patients (≤ 50 ...
Balakumar Pitchai - - 2012
PPARγ activation plays an important role in glucose metabolism by enhancing insulin sensitization. PPARγ is a primary target for thiazolidinedione-structured insulin sensitizers like pioglitazone and rosiglitazone employed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Additionally, PPARγ activation inhibits adhesion cascades and detrimental vascular inflammatory events. Importantly, activation of PPARγ ...
Betts Matthew J - - 2012
We recently reported that broad spectrum agonist-induced activation of presynaptic group III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors within the substantia nigra pars compacta using L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate provided functional neuroprotection in the 6-hydroxydopamine lesion rat model of Parkinson's disease. The aim of this study was to establish whether selective activation of the mGlu(4) ...
Shi J - - 2012
Endothelin(A) (ET(A) ) receptor-operated canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels mediate Ca²⁺ influx pathways, which are important in coronary artery function. Biochemical pathways linking ET(A) receptor stimulation to TRPC channel opening are unknown. We investigated the involvement of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3K) in ET(A) receptor activation of native heteromeric TRPC1/C5/C6 and ...
Forbes S - - 2012
Exposure to an acute stress inhibits gastric emptying and stimulates colonic transit via central neuropeptide Y (NPY) pathways; however, peripheral involvement is uncertain. The anxiogenic phenotype of NPY(-/-) mice is gender-dependent, raising the possibility that stress-induced gastrointestinal (GI) responses are female-dominant through NPY. The aim of this study was to ...
Romero L - - 2012
The sigma-1 (σ(1) ) receptor is a ligand-regulated molecular chaperone that has been involved in pain, but there is limited understanding of the actions associated with its pharmacological modulation. Indeed, the selectivity and pharmacological properties of σ(1) receptor ligands used as pharmacological tools are unclear and the demonstration that σ(1) ...
Samuel Stanley - - 2012
Embolotherapy is a potential means to treat a variety of cancers. Our approach-gas embolotherapy-introduces the droplets upstream from the tumor and then acoustically activates them to form bubbles for occlusion-a process known as ADV. We wanted to provide the first optical documentation of ADV, lodged bubbles, or vessel occlusion in ...
Hysek Cm C Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Biomedicine and Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital and University of Basel, - - 2012
The use of ± 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'ecstasy') is associated with cardiovascular complications and hyperthermia. We assessed the effects of the α(1) - and β-adrenoceptor antagonist carvedilol on the cardiostimulant, thermogenic and subjective responses to MDMA in 16 healthy subjects. Carvedilol (50 mg) or placebo was administered 1 h before MDMA ...
Tomasi Maria Lauda - - 2012
Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 9 (Ubc9) is required for sumoylation and is overexpressed in several malignancies, but its expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unknown. Hepatic S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe) levels decrease in methionine adenosyltransferase 1A (Mat1a) knockout (KO) mice, which develop HCC, and in ethanol-fed mice. We examined the regulation of Ubc9 ...
Duarte Sergio - - 2012
Hepatic ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) remains an important challenge in clinical orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) is the major endogenous regulator of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). In this study we investigated the functional significance of TIMP-1 expression in a well-established mouse model of partial liver IRI. ...
Sunami Yoshiaki - - 2012
Liver damage in humans is induced by various insults including alcohol abuse, hepatitis B/C virus infection, autoimmune or metabolic disorders and, when persistent, leads to development of liver fibrosis. Because the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) system is activated in response to several of these stresses, we hypothesized that NF-κB activation in ...
Watanabe Masayuki - - 2012
Owing to the increased life expectancy, elderly patients with gastric cancer is also increasing. Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is an assessment tool for nutritional status of surgical patients and possibly predicts prognosis of the patients. The aim of the present study is to clarify the predictive and prognostic significance ...
Wilkinson Jeffrey S - - 2012
Percutaneous remodeling of the ligamentum flavum and lamina (PRLL), commercially known as minimally invasive lumbar decompression (mild technique), relies on fluoroscopy and epidural contrast to direct surgical instruments via a 6-mm cannula. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of PRLL and present, to our knowledge, the first reported imaging findings ...
Piedad John Carlo Pansaon - - 2012
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a chronic neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by tics and associated behavioral symptoms. Over the past decade, deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been increasingly advocated as a reversible and controllable procedure for selected cases of GTS. We set out to answer 2 clinically relevant questions: ...
Jeong Hyun-Ghang - - 2012
Antipsychotic-induced sexual dysfunction is a common problem in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of switching to aripiprazole on sexual dysfunction and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in male patients with schizophrenia. In this prospective, open-label study, the participants were 10 male schizophrenia patients treated ...
Parrott Andrew C - - 2012
In this issue of the BJP, Green et al. suggest that animal data could not be used to predict the adverse effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in humans and that MDMA did not produce 5-HT neurotoxicity in the human brain. This proposal was, however, not accompanied by a review of the ...
Kijowski Richard - - 2012
This study compared microscopic magnetic resonance imaging (µMRI) parameters of trabecular microarchitecture between postmenopausal women with and without fracture who have normal or osteopenic bone mineral density (BMD) on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). It included 36 postmenopausal white women 50 years of age and older with normal or osteopenic BMD ...
Braith Randy W - - 2012
Enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) is a noninvasive treatment for patients with coronary artery disease who have angina pectoris that is refractory to pharmacotherapy and revascularization. The popular concept is that EECP may promote collateral development and improve myocardial perfusion. We hypothesize that improvements in peripheral arterial function are responsible for ...
Morris Patrick G PG Breast Cancer Medicine Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, USA. - - 2012
High-grade gliomas (HGGs), including glioblastoma, are a heterogeneous group of primary brain tumors, associated with devastating neurological sequelae and limited survival. In 2005, a randomized phase III study established postoperative radiotherapy and temozolomide as the standard of care for patients with resected, newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Despite this progress, almost all ...
Kao Eddy - - 2012
A portion of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients undergoing protease inhibitor (PI) therapy concomitantly consume or abuse alcohol leading to hepatic injury. The underling mechanisms are not known. We hypothesize that HIV PIs aggravate alcohol-induced liver injury through an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress mechanism. To address this, we treated mice, ...
Lin Thomas H S - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cigarette smoking and residual native bone height on the survival of dental implants placed immediately in grafted sinuses. In this retrospective study, 334 subject records were screened, and 75 subjects (155 implants) were included. Data collection based on treatment ...
Santos Paulo Henrique dos - - 2012
The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of postpolymerization method on the color stability of resin-based composites. Samples of direct and indirect restorative materials were polymerized with two photo-curing units (Visio photo-curing oven system and LED Elipar Freelight 2). All samples were submitted to an initial chromatic ...
Steigmann Marius - - 2012
Guided bone regeneration has been shown to be a successful technique to increase the ridge width for dental implant placement. However, in cases of severe or localized horizontal bone deficiencies, achieving sufficient soft tissue mobilization to ensure primary wound closure over the augmented area can be difficult. This article describes ...
Degidi Marco - - 2012
Most of the histologic studies found in the literature on the peri-implant soft tissues have been done in animals and usually have been confined to mandibular implants fitted with healing or standard abutments. Few studies have investigated human peri-implant soft tissues. Moreover, the structure and dimensions of the peri-implant soft ...
Turkyilmaz Ilser - - 2012
Immediate loading procedures may cause discomfort to the patient and increase the possibility of damage to the surgical site during prosthetic restorations. The aim of this clinical report is to describe an alternative method to fabricating a mandibular hybrid prosthesis in 3 days without taking an impression. Five implants were ...
Oh Hwanhee - - 2012
Developing cartilage serves as a template for long-bone development during endochondral ossification. Although the coupling of cartilage and bone development with angiogenesis is an important regulatory step for endochondral ossification, the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. One possible mechanism involves the action of Dickkopf (DKK), which is a family of ...
Nóbrega Ana Rita - - 2012
The aim of this research was to study the influence of the osteotome technique on insertion torque and stability values when compared with conventional surgical drilling of the implant site. A total of 20 implants (4-mm diameter, 8.5-mm long) were placed in the distal femural condyle of 10 New Zealand ...
Nevins Myron - - 2012
The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate the effectiveness of a matrix consisting of recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor BB (rhPDGF-BB)-hydrated cancellous allogenic block graft in the reconstruction of large local human alveolar ridge defects. The results suggest improved bone regeneration when combining rhPDGF-BB with the allogenic block ...
Almeida Leticia Cunha do Amaral Gonzaga de - - 2012
The aims of this in vivo study were to compare the effectiveness and color stability of at-home and in-office bleaching techniques and to evaluate whether the use of light sources can alter bleaching results. According to preestablished criteria, 40 patients were selected and randomly divided into four groups according to ...
Yoshinuma Naoto - - 2012
Many studies have shown that alloplastic bone grafts are clinically stable and safe. Nevertheless, postoperative problems such as ankylosis and root resorption are associated with alloplastic bone grafts. This report examined two cases of ankylosis of nonresorbable hydroxyapatite (NHA) alloplastic grafts associated with recurrent periodontitis. There was no clear border ...
Griffiths Garth R - - 2012
The purpose of this blind, randomized, controlled pilot investigation was to noninvasively determine bone mineral density (BMD) changes around endosseous implants placed in healthy patients who were administered the oral aminobisphosphonate alendronate. BMD was analyzed using computed tomography (CT) and grayscale imaging. Male patients (62 ± 12 years of age) ...
Simion Massimo - - 2012
Soft tissue augmentation around dental implants in the esthetic region remains a challenging and unpredictable procedure. The ideal surgical technique would include of an off-the-shelf product to minimize morbidity after autogenous grafting procedures. The aim of this study was to use a resorbable collagen matrix (Mucograft) to serve as a ...
Park Sang-Hoon - - 2012
This paper presents three cases of peri-implant mucosal defects that were successfully treated with a newly proposed "pouch roll" implant soft tissue augmentation technique. This procedure uses a de-epithelialized connective tissue layer during the first or second stage of implant surgery over the underlying dental implant without the need for ...
Hernández-Alfaro Federico - - 2012
The aim of this paper is to present a new approach to bone regeneration in a patient with multiple recurrent ameloblastoma of the left mandibular angle. Through an extraoral approach, complete resection of the tumor was achieved. Bone marrow aspirate from the iliac crest was centrifuged to concentrate the mesenchymal ...
Koch Felix Peter - - 2012
Recombinant human growth/differentiation factor 5 (rhGDF-5) and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2), as members of the transforming growth factor Β family, influence bone formation and differentiation. This in vitro osteoblast cell culture study investigated the molecular biologic effect of these growth factors on regulator gene expression of the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >