Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3136
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García Marta G - - 2012
Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is caused by complete deficiency of the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase enzyme. It is characterized by overproduction of uric acid, jointly with severe motor disability and self-injurious behaviour which physiopathology is unknown. These neurological manifestations suggest a dysfunction in the basal ganglia, and three neurotransmitters have been implicated in ...
Cone Molly M - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the laparoscopic approach and pre- and postoperative conditions as predictors of 30-day mortality and morbidity in elective colectomy. METHODS: Elective colectomies were identified in the 2005-2008 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Multivariate logistic regression was used ...
Kawasaki Amie - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: It is unclear whether preoperative urodynamic study (UDS) values are predictive of outcomes after midurethral sling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically reviewed multiple databases from January 1989 to October 2011 for English-language studies correlating UDS data with postoperative outcomes after midurethral slings. We performed random effects model ...
Heselmans Annemie - - 2012
An electronic decision support system (the EBMeDS system) was integrated in one of the Electronic Medical Records (EMR) of Belgian family physicians (Feb 2010). User acceptance of the system is considered as a necessary condition for the effective implementation of any IT project. Facilitators, barriers and issues of non-acceptance need ...
Scholtes Moritz - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Postoperative fascial dehiscence and open abdomen are severe postoperative complications and are associated with surgical site infections, fistula, and hernia formation at long-term follow-up. This study was designed to investigate whether intraperitoneal implantation of a composite prosthetic mesh is feasible and safe. METHODS: A total of 114 patients with ...
Roll P - - 2012
Objectives: The role of B cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been well established with the advent of B-cell targeted therapies. Alterations of peripheral B-cell subsets in RA and heterogeneous modulations of the B-cell compartment under tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibition have been described. In this study we examined the ...
Kim Cheul-Hong - - 2012
PURPOSE: Venipuncture- or injection-related pain is still major problem during anesthetic induction in children. This study was designed to determine the availability of a 5% lidocaine patch used prophylactically for venipuncture- or injection-related pain during the induction of anesthesia. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind study, 72 pediatric patients were allocated ...
Garfinkle Eric J - - 2012
Since the introduction of generalized anxiety disorder into the diagnostic system for psychiatric conditions, scientists have worked to develop effective treatments for the amelioration of chronic, excessive worry. In addition to traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy, more recent advances have focused on treatments targeting intolerance of uncertainty, meta-cognitions, emotion dysregulation, lack of ...
Mills Philippa B - - 2012
Analysis of α-aminoadipic semialdehyde is an important tool in the diagnosis of antiquitin deficiency (pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy). However continuing use of this test has revealed that elevated urinary excretion of α-aminoadipic semialdehyde is not only found in patients with pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy but is also seen in patients with molybdenum cofactor deficiency ...
Siva Kumar K - - 2012
A one-pot cascade reaction has been developed leading to the concurrent construction of six and five membered fused N-heterocyclic rings of indazolo[3,2-b]quinazolinones. The methodology involved the reaction of isatoic anhydride, a hydrazine and o-iodo benzaldehyde in the presence of Pd(PPh(3))(4) and BINAP in MeCN. The mechanism of this cascade reaction ...
Hausberger Martine - - 2012
Play remains a mystery and adult play even more so. More typical of young stages in healthy individuals, it occurs rarely at adult stages but then more often in captive/domestic animals, which can imply spatial, social and/or feeding deprivations or restrictions that are challenging to welfare, than in animals living ...
Paul Maman - - 2012
Coping with pressure and anxiety is an ineluctable demand of sports performance. Heart rate variability (HRV) Biofeedback (BFB) shall be used as a tool for self regulating physiological responses resulting in improved psycho physiological interactions. For further analysis, the present study has been designed to examine the relationship between anxiety ...
Burkamp Antje - - 2012
Right pulmonary artery-to-left atrial communication is a rare congenital vascular malformation that results in a right-to-left shunting. This report describes the case history of a neonate with a large right pulmonary artery-to-left atrial connection resulting in cyanosis and severe heart failure who underwent successful early catheter interventional therapy. In the ...
Lee Young Ho - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether tumor necrosis factor alpha inducible protein 3 (TNFAIP3) polymorphisms confer susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in ethnically different populations. METHODS: The authors conducted meta-analyses on associations between the TNFAIP3 polymorphisms and RA susceptibility. RESULT: A total of ten comparative studies ...
Kyriakou Georgios - - 2012
Facile dissociation of reactants and weak binding of intermediates are key requirements for efficient and selective catalysis. However, these two variables are intimately linked in a way that does not generally allow the optimization of both properties simultaneously. By using desorption measurements in combination with high-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy, we ...
Henn Konrad - - 2012
During laser osteotomy surgery, plasma arises at the place of ablation. It was the aim of this study to explore whether a spectroscopic analysis of this plasma would allow identification of the type of tissue that was affected by the laser. In an experimental setup (Rofin SCx10, CO(2) Slab Laser, ...
Vale Thiago Cardoso - - 2012
We report a case of a 46-year-old Brazilian woman, a farmer, who presented with recently uncontrolled epilepsy, daily headaches and ataxia. Cranial CT revealed hydrocephalus which was treated with ventricular drainage. Brain MRI revealed multiple parenchymal cysts of varying stages of neurocysticercosis. In addition, the patient presented with diffuse dural ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and self-efficacy represent behavioral and psychological factors, respectively, that are compromised in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), but might be modifiable through intervention and result in better health-related quality of life (HRQOL). PURPOSE: The present study adopted a panel research design and examined the associations between individual-level ...
Alexander Ian E - - 2012
Many metabolic diseases are compelling candidates for gene therapy, and are the subject of vigorous pre-clinical research. Successful phenotype correction in mouse models is now commonplace and research effort is increasingly being directed towards addressing the translational challenges inherent in human clinical trials. This paper places current efforts to develop ...
Simone Giuseppina - - 2012
An in situ method of modifying the chemistry and topology of microfluidic surfaces in order to mimic the cellular environment is described. The binding of functionalised microbeads to microfluidic channels allows the surface-to-volume ratio of the system, and thus the number of biomolecules available for reaction, to be vastly increased, ...
Baek Yun Hee - - 2012
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the most common respiratory pathogen among infants and young children. To investigate the prevalence and genetic characteristics of HRSVs circulating in South Korea, we analyzed medical records of patients and performed molecular analysis of the G-protein gene of viruses detected from nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPA) ...
Antics Annamaria - - 2012
We propose a simple method to provide a rapid and robust estimate of the short-term impacts of heat waves on mortality, to be used for communication within a heat warning system. The excess mortality during a heat wave is defined as the difference between the observed mortality over the period ...
Kasturi Seshadri - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The primary objective of this study was to compare outcomes of absorbable and permanent suture for apical support with high uterosacral ligament vaginal vault suspension (HUSLS). The secondary objective was to investigate the rate of suture erosion. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent ...
Ramón José Manuel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is the most common bariatric technique. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a restrictive procedure; the metabolic and endocrine effects of which remain unknown. We compared the effects of both procedures on glucose metabolism and fasting and meal-stimulated gut hormone levels. METHODS: Seven patients were ...
Miao Yingjie - - 2012
Wheat puroindoline proteins, PINA and PINB, play key roles in determining wheat grain hardness as well as in defending the plant against pathogens. PINA has much greater membrane-binding property and antimicrobial activity because it contains more tryptophan residues in the unique tryptophan-rich domain (TRD). In order to obtain proteins with ...
Knowlton N - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore apolipoprotein-defined lipoproteins for abnormalities when comparing non-rheumatological controls to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: Apolipoprotein and lipoprotein profiles were measured on 94 RA patients and 79 controls by immunoturbidimetric procedures, electroimmunoassays, and immunoprecipitation. Differences between means were tested with a two-sided ...
Parolini Marco - - 2012
This study investigates contamination by 13 polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners in a high-mountain pasture located in the Italian Alps. The trend of PBDE contamination in three soil layers was investigated by a spring-summer sampling period to understand the importance of different environmental variables, such as seasonality, topographical aspect, and ...
Phoka Elena - - 2012
Experimental evidence suggests that spontaneous neuronal activity may shape and be shaped by sensory experience. However, we lack information on how sensory experience modulates the underlying synaptic dynamics and how such modulation influences the response of the network to future events. Here we study whether spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) can mediate ...
Damms-Machado Antje - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been identified as an innovative surgical approach for the treatment of obesity and is increasingly applied worldwide. However, data on outcome of LSG regarding nutrient deficiencies, protein status, and body composition are scarce. METHODS: Obese subjects (54; f:m = 4:1) scheduled for LSG were included in ...
van Dam D S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Approximately 11% of schoolchildren are bullied on a regular basis. It has been argued that continuous exposure to stress is related to the development of psychotic symptoms. The current study sought to investigate whether being bullied in childhood is related to the development of psychotic symptoms.MethodA search of PubMed, ...
Berbés-Blázquez Marta - - 2012
Human well-being is intricately connected to ecosystem services. A keystone contribution to the ecosystem service literature has been the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, MA, (Ecosystems and human well-being: a framework for assessment, Island Press, Washington, DC; 2003, 2005). Much of the work on ecosystem services to date has focused on the ...
Boiko Ernest V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ranking among the most severe combat damages, war-related open-globe injuries (WROGIs) are not uniform, so the treatment approaches are sometimes unclear. The essential issue is to define exact indications for time- and resource-intensive vitreoretinal surgery (VRS), known to be an effective procedure for severe posterior segment injuries. We studied ...
Melo Batielhe F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are significant causes of morbidity. The aim of the study was to determine predictive factors of mortality in newborns with CAKUT. METHODS: All 29,653 consecutive newborns hospitalized in a tertiary neonatal unit between 1996 and 2006 were evaluated. The main ...
Euzebio Alves Vanessa Tubero - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This randomized split-mouth clinical trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy of scaling and root planing associated to the high-intensity diode laser on periodontal therapy by means of clinical parameters and microbial reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 chronic periodontitis subjects, of both genders, were selected. One ...
Trout Andrew T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We have observed that day-to-day use of US for acute appendicitis does not perform as well as described in the literature. OBJECTIVE: Review the diagnostic performance of US in acute appendicitis with attention to factors that influence performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of all sonograms for acute appendicitis ...
Raman Vijayasankar - - 2012
Yohimbine is the major alkaloid found in the stem bark of yohimbe, Pausinystalia johimbe (Rubiaceae), an evergreen tree native to Africa. The objectives of the current study were to provide a detailed anatomy of yohimbe bark, as well as to determine the quantity of yohimbine in the raw yohimbe products ...
Sansone Mario - - 2012
Comet assay is one of the most popular tests for the detection of DNA damage at single cell level. In this study, an algorithm for comet assay analysis has been proposed, aiming to minimize user interaction and providing reproducible measurements. The algorithm comprises two-steps: (a) comet identification via Gaussian pre-filtering ...
Tukur Aminu - - 2012
While antimony has been reported to migrate from PET bottles into contents, reports on bottled water and soft drinks usage and PET bottle reuse patterns are currently unavailable in the literature. Bottle use conditions and patterns are important determinants of antimony migration. In this work a survey assessing the pattern ...
Pesa Nicole - - 2012
RATIONALE: Cannabis use is prevalent among the early psychosis (EP) population. The event-related potentials, mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3a are reduced in EP. Cannabinoids have been shown to modulate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors which are involved in MMN generation. OBJECTIVES: This study is the first to investigate the effects of cannabis use ...
Maier Michael W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This prospective study evaluated the development of proprioception over the course of 3 years after shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: Twenty-one patients were enrolled who underwent total shoulder arthroplasty (n = 10) or hemiarthroplasty (HEMI) (n = 11) for shoulder osteoarthritis. All patients were examined 1 day before the operation, 6 months and 3 years after surgery in a ...
Verzola Daniela - - 2012
Progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common in lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI), a primary inherited aminoaciduria characterized by massive Lysine excretion in urine. However, by which mechanisms Lysine may cause kidney damage to tubule cells is still not understood. This study determined whether Lysine overloading of human proximal tubular cells ...
Brownson Dale A C - - 2012
We explore the use of graphene modified electrodes towards the electroanalytical sensing of various analytes, namely dopamine hydrochloride, uric acid, acetaminophen and p-benzoquinone via cyclic voltammetry. In line with literature methodologies and to investigate the full-implications of employing graphene in this electrochemical context, we modify electrode substrates that exhibit either ...
Nadour M - - 2012
The antioxidant properties of phenolic compounds from olive pulp (PCO) of chamlal variety and those of individual phenolic compounds were evaluated and compared with that of vitamin C (Vit C). The antioxidant activity was measured by the tests of iron reduction and scavenging hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Results showed that all ...
Rybalov M - - 2012
AIM: This study focuses on the potential role of [11C]choline positron emission tomography (PET) for the intraprostatic tumor characterization and localization in recurrent prostate cancer after EBRT. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in patients who were being followed up after EBRT for histological proven prostate cancer. We selected the ...
Naber Christoph K - - 2012
Aims: We describe the first-in-human experience with a novel cerebral embolic protection device used during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). One current challenge of TAVI is the reduction of procedural stroke. Procedural mobilisation of debris is a known source of cerebral embolisation. Mechanical protection by transient filtration of cerebral blood ...
Zhao Chunchang - - 2012
Here, we report a new Cu(2+)-selective fluorescent turn-on probe BODIPY-EP, in which the 2-pyridinecarboxylic acid is connected to a 6-hydroxyindole-based BODIPY platform through an ester linkage. The ester bond of BODIPY-EP is selectively hydrolyzed by the reaction with Cu(2+) under mild and neutral conditions to generate BODIPY-OH, showing strong characteristic ...
Biffa Demelash - - 2012
Bovine TB is a disease of high economic and public health importance particularly in resource poor countries. Many aspects of pathogenesis of bovine TB in cattle have not been well understood. We carried out an investigation on 337 Ethiopian cattle with characteristic TB-like lesions to describe severity of pathology and ...
Egger C - - 2012
This study aimed to derive an index quantifying the state of alteration of cadavers by quantifying the presence of gas in the body using postmortem multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) imaging, and to validate the index by defining its sensitivity and specificity. The RA (radiological alteration)-index was derived from postmortem MDCT ...
Chapurlat R D - - 2012
We have examined the effect of oral monthly ibandronate on distal radius and tibia microarchitecture with high-resolution peripheral quantitative tomography compared with placebo, in women with osteopenia, and found that ibandronate did not significantly affect trabecular bone but improved cortical density and thickness at the tibia. METHODS: We have examined ...
Yang Hui - - 2012
(S)-Proline-catalyzed nitro-Michael additions of aldehydes and ketones to β-nitrostyrene were investigated computationally (MP2/6-311+G**//M06-2X/6-31G**). Contrary to what is usually assumed in organocatalysis, the lowest-energy transition states of proline-catalyzed nitro-Michael reactions do not necessarily involve the carboxylic acid group of the proline moiety directing the incoming nitroalkene to the same face through ...
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