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Results 201 - 250 of 3134
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Hess Jennifer - - 2012
Government and health organizations worldwide have issued dietary guidelines for sugars. These guidelines vary considerably in the recommended or suggested intakes and the types of sugars specified. Despite access to the same published literature, recommendations vary greatly and create confusion for nutrition practitioners who offer dietary guidance. Some of the ...
Melo-Cardenas J - - 2012
Ad-ISF35 is an adenovirus (Ad) vector that encodes a mouse-human chimeric CD154. Ad-ISF35 induces activation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells converting them into CLL cells capable of promoting immune recognition and anti-leukemia T-cell activation. Clinical trials in humans treated with Ad-ISF35-transduced leukemia cells or intranodal injection of Ad-ISF35 have ...
Alipour Misagh - - 2012
Liposomes have been used for the delivery of antioxidants to different tissues and organs for the treatment of oxidative stress-induced injuries. In this study, the acute toxicity of a single dose of intravenously (i.v.) administered liposomal antioxidant formulation, containing N-acetylcysteine (NAC) with or without α-tocopherol (α-T) or γ-tocopherol (γ-T), in ...
Logroscino C A - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcome of patients treated with a modified Grob technique analysing the advantages related to increased mechanical stability. 30 patients that underwent "in situ" fusion for L5-S1 spondylolisthesis were evaluated. All patients presented a low-dysplastic developmental L5-S1 spondylolisthesis. Patients were ...
Krug Susanne M - - 2012
Barrier properties of tight junctions are determined by the claudin protein family. Many claudins seal this barrier, but others form paracellular channels. Among these, no claudins with general and clear-cut anion selectivity have yet been described, while for claudin-10a and claudin-4, only circumstantial or small anion selectivities have been shown. ...
El-Gebaly Naglaa Saad M - - 2012
Giardiasis is a gastrointestinal infection of wide distribution that is more prevalent in childhood. Easy and rapid diagnosis of giardiasis is essential for reduction of this infection. This cross-sectional study included 62 children in which collection of saliva, stool and serum samples was performed. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique ...
Xu Xiaoming - - 2012
PURPOSE: To encapsulate a large amount of protein (superoxide dismutase, SOD) into unilamellar liposomes using a simple process and to investigate the lipid-protein interaction. METHOD: To achieve protein encapsulation, preformed unilamellar empty liposomes were mixed with SOD and subjected to freeze-thaw cycling. To investigate the lipid-protein interaction, a novel light ...
Ogawa R - - 2012
We previously developed an artificially constructed promoter that was activated in response to X-ray irradiation in LNCap, a prostate cancer cell line. Anticancer drugs were examined to see whether some of them could stimulate the activity of the promoter. It was found that doxorubicin (Dox) treatment to LNCap transfected with ...
Alphonse Rajesh - - 2012
Continuous improvements in perinatal care have allowed the survival of ever more premature infants, making the task of protecting the extremely immature lung from injury, increasingly challenging. Premature infants at risk of developing chronic lung disease or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are now born at the late canalicular stage of lung ...
Finocchiaro Francesco M - - 2012
Many degenerative phenomena frequently result into kyphotic lumbar and thoracic deformities or cause their progression combined with deformities on the frontal plane of the spine. In these patients, the progression of the sagittal imbalance may lead to a series of disabling functional and painful consequences. The analysis of the spinopelvic ...
Melosini Lorenza - - 2012
Background. Asthma Control Test (ACT) is a simple tool for assessing the level of asthma control in clinical practice, and it has been validated in comparison with a general clinical assessment of asthma control, including forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV(1)). Objective. To evaluate the relationship between ACT ...
Huang Hsin-Hua - - 2012
Three double stranded polymeric ladderphanes with 16-π-electron antiaromatic metallocycle linkers are synthesised by ring opening metathesis polymerisation of the corresponding bisnorbornene monomers. Scanning tunnelling microscopic (STM) images indicate that these polymers can assemble nicely on a graphite surface to form a highly ordered pattern which has been observed in other ...
Tian Maoqun - - 2012
A benzo[b]quinolizinium-benzo-15-crown-5 ether conjugate 2a is presented that enables the fluorimetric detection of Mg(2+) and DNA by a significant light-up effect, along with a change of the emission wavelength with different analytes (Mg(2+): 495 nm; DNA: 550 nm). The mechanism of the excited-state deactivation of 2a was investigated by steady-state ...
Nawara C - - 2012
AIM:18F fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)-imaging improves the diagnostic accuracy in staging non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with possible impact on survival. This prospective study aimed to investigate the impact of PET and PET/CT on treatment planning and prognosis in patients with NSCLC treated with radiation therapy. METHODS:From ...
Ozhayat Esben Boeskov - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. The aims of this study were to measure and describe the Oral Health-Related Quality-of-Life (OHRQoL) in a population about to receive removable dental prostheses (RDP) or fixed dental prostheses (FDP). Materials and methods. The Oral Health Impact Profile 49 (OHIP-49) was completed by 410 patients about to receive ...
Lung Christie Ying Kei - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To study in vitro the effect of two cross-linking silanes, bis-1,2-(triethoxysilyl)ethane and bis[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]amine, blended with an organofunctional silane coupling agent, (3-acryloxypropyl)trimethoxysilane, on the shear bond strength between resin-composite cement and silicatized zirconia after dry storage and thermocycling. Materials and methods. Six tested groups of 90 samples of yttria ...
Youmin Sun - - 2012
A distinct understanding for the degradation mechanism of phenol induced by ozone is very essential because the ozonation process, one of the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), is attractive and popular in wastewater treatment. In the present work, the detailed reactions of ozone and phenol are investigated employing the density functional ...
Boyce J D - - 2012
The first complete genome sequence of the P. multocida avian isolate Pm70 was reported in 2001. Analysis of the genome identified many predicted virulence genes, including two encoding homologues of the Bordetella pertussis filamentous haemagluttinins, and genes involved in iron transport and metabolism. Availability of the genome sequence allowed for ...
García Marta G - - 2012
Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is caused by complete deficiency of the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase enzyme. It is characterized by overproduction of uric acid, jointly with severe motor disability and self-injurious behaviour which physiopathology is unknown. These neurological manifestations suggest a dysfunction in the basal ganglia, and three neurotransmitters have been implicated in ...
Cone Molly M - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the laparoscopic approach and pre- and postoperative conditions as predictors of 30-day mortality and morbidity in elective colectomy. METHODS: Elective colectomies were identified in the 2005-2008 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Multivariate logistic regression was used ...
Antics Annamaria - - 2012
We propose a simple method to provide a rapid and robust estimate of the short-term impacts of heat waves on mortality, to be used for communication within a heat warning system. The excess mortality during a heat wave is defined as the difference between the observed mortality over the period ...
Kasturi Seshadri - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The primary objective of this study was to compare outcomes of absorbable and permanent suture for apical support with high uterosacral ligament vaginal vault suspension (HUSLS). The secondary objective was to investigate the rate of suture erosion. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent ...
Ramón José Manuel - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is the most common bariatric technique. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a restrictive procedure; the metabolic and endocrine effects of which remain unknown. We compared the effects of both procedures on glucose metabolism and fasting and meal-stimulated gut hormone levels. METHODS: Seven patients were ...
Garfinkle Eric J - - 2012
Since the introduction of generalized anxiety disorder into the diagnostic system for psychiatric conditions, scientists have worked to develop effective treatments for the amelioration of chronic, excessive worry. In addition to traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy, more recent advances have focused on treatments targeting intolerance of uncertainty, meta-cognitions, emotion dysregulation, lack of ...
Mills Philippa B - - 2012
Analysis of α-aminoadipic semialdehyde is an important tool in the diagnosis of antiquitin deficiency (pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy). However continuing use of this test has revealed that elevated urinary excretion of α-aminoadipic semialdehyde is not only found in patients with pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy but is also seen in patients with molybdenum cofactor deficiency ...
Roditi Rachel E - - 2012
Directional asymmetries in vestibular reflexes have aided the diagnosis of vestibular lesions; however, potential asymmetries in vestibular perception have not been well defined. This investigation sought to measure potential asymmetries in human vestibular perception. Vestibular perception thresholds were measured in 24 healthy human subjects between the ages of 21 and ...
Siva Kumar K - - 2012
A one-pot cascade reaction has been developed leading to the concurrent construction of six and five membered fused N-heterocyclic rings of indazolo[3,2-b]quinazolinones. The methodology involved the reaction of isatoic anhydride, a hydrazine and o-iodo benzaldehyde in the presence of Pd(PPh(3))(4) and BINAP in MeCN. The mechanism of this cascade reaction ...
Hausberger Martine - - 2012
Play remains a mystery and adult play even more so. More typical of young stages in healthy individuals, it occurs rarely at adult stages but then more often in captive/domestic animals, which can imply spatial, social and/or feeding deprivations or restrictions that are challenging to welfare, than in animals living ...
Paul Maman - - 2012
Coping with pressure and anxiety is an ineluctable demand of sports performance. Heart rate variability (HRV) Biofeedback (BFB) shall be used as a tool for self regulating physiological responses resulting in improved psycho physiological interactions. For further analysis, the present study has been designed to examine the relationship between anxiety ...
Burkamp Antje - - 2012
Right pulmonary artery-to-left atrial communication is a rare congenital vascular malformation that results in a right-to-left shunting. This report describes the case history of a neonate with a large right pulmonary artery-to-left atrial connection resulting in cyanosis and severe heart failure who underwent successful early catheter interventional therapy. In the ...
Lee Young Ho - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether tumor necrosis factor alpha inducible protein 3 (TNFAIP3) polymorphisms confer susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in ethnically different populations. METHODS: The authors conducted meta-analyses on associations between the TNFAIP3 polymorphisms and RA susceptibility. RESULT: A total of ten comparative studies ...
Nakajima Atsushi - - 2012
Indomethacin is one of the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which often cause gastric mucosal injury as a side effect. Infiltration and activation of inflammatory cells, production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, generation of reactive oxygen species, and activation of apoptotic signaling are involved in the pathogenesis of indomethacin-induced gastric ...
Motl Robert W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and self-efficacy represent behavioral and psychological factors, respectively, that are compromised in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), but might be modifiable through intervention and result in better health-related quality of life (HRQOL). PURPOSE: The present study adopted a panel research design and examined the associations between individual-level ...
Alexander Ian E - - 2012
Many metabolic diseases are compelling candidates for gene therapy, and are the subject of vigorous pre-clinical research. Successful phenotype correction in mouse models is now commonplace and research effort is increasingly being directed towards addressing the translational challenges inherent in human clinical trials. This paper places current efforts to develop ...
Simone Giuseppina - - 2012
An in situ method of modifying the chemistry and topology of microfluidic surfaces in order to mimic the cellular environment is described. The binding of functionalised microbeads to microfluidic channels allows the surface-to-volume ratio of the system, and thus the number of biomolecules available for reaction, to be vastly increased, ...
Baek Yun Hee - - 2012
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the most common respiratory pathogen among infants and young children. To investigate the prevalence and genetic characteristics of HRSVs circulating in South Korea, we analyzed medical records of patients and performed molecular analysis of the G-protein gene of viruses detected from nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPA) ...
Tsunoda Ikuo I Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130, - - 2012
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) causes a demyelinating disease similar to multiple sclerosis in the central nervous system (CNS) of susceptible SJL/J mice. Immune responses to TMEV contribute to viral clearance as well as to demyelination. We constructed recombinant vaccinia viruses (VV) that encode each or all of the capsid ...
Melo Batielhe F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are significant causes of morbidity. The aim of the study was to determine predictive factors of mortality in newborns with CAKUT. METHODS: All 29,653 consecutive newborns hospitalized in a tertiary neonatal unit between 1996 and 2006 were evaluated. The main ...
Euzebio Alves Vanessa Tubero - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This randomized split-mouth clinical trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy of scaling and root planing associated to the high-intensity diode laser on periodontal therapy by means of clinical parameters and microbial reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 chronic periodontitis subjects, of both genders, were selected. One ...
Trout Andrew T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We have observed that day-to-day use of US for acute appendicitis does not perform as well as described in the literature. OBJECTIVE: Review the diagnostic performance of US in acute appendicitis with attention to factors that influence performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of all sonograms for acute appendicitis ...
Raman Vijayasankar - - 2012
Yohimbine is the major alkaloid found in the stem bark of yohimbe, Pausinystalia johimbe (Rubiaceae), an evergreen tree native to Africa. The objectives of the current study were to provide a detailed anatomy of yohimbe bark, as well as to determine the quantity of yohimbine in the raw yohimbe products ...
Sansone Mario - - 2012
Comet assay is one of the most popular tests for the detection of DNA damage at single cell level. In this study, an algorithm for comet assay analysis has been proposed, aiming to minimize user interaction and providing reproducible measurements. The algorithm comprises two-steps: (a) comet identification via Gaussian pre-filtering ...
Wang Yufan - - 2012
Numerous trehalose synthases (TreS) from thermophilic microorganisms have extra C-terminal domains. To determine the function of the N- and C-terminal domains of TreS from the thermophilic bacterium Meiothermus ruber CBS-01, the two domains were expressed. From the findings, the N-terminal domain from M. ruber was not active when compared with ...
Thirugnanam Sivasakthivel - - 2012
A human homologue of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein was cloned and characterized from the human filarial parasites Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. Sequence analysis showed that W. bancrofti HMGB1 (WbHMGB1) and B. malayi HMGB1 (BmHMGB1) proteins share 99 % sequence identity. Filarial HMGB1 showed typical architectural sequence ...
Scatton Olivier - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Two stage hepatectomy is currently a method of choice for the treatment of multifocal bilobar hepatic lesions, especially in the setting of hepatic metastases of colorectal malignancies. We describe a technique that facilitates second-stage hepatectomy by taping the major vascular structures of the right liver and performing a hanging ...
Kanazi Ghassan E - - 2012
PURPOSE: We designed a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial to assess the role of a single prophylactic dose of vitamin C (2 g) po in reducing the consumption of opioids postoperatively in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: Eighty adult patients were allocated to receive 2 g vitamin C po or placebo approximately one ...
Polaino Silvia - - 2012
A simple genetic test allowed us to carry out the first systematic study of the apocarotenoids in the Mucorales. We have identified 13 apocarotenoids in the culture media of the fungus Phycomyces blakesleeanus (Mucoromycota, Mucorales). Three of these compounds were novel apocarotenoids: (2S,8R,E)-8,14-epoxycyclofarnesa-4,6,9-triene-2,11-diol (6), (2S,6E,8E)-cyclofarnesa-4,6,8-triene-2,10,11-triol (7), and its 6Z isomer ...
Koc S - - 2012
We report an extremely rare case of the oropharyngeal form of tularaemia, causing a parapharyngeal abscess. A 48-year-old woman presented with fever, sore throat, breathing difficulty and a right-sided neck swelling. This mass had previously been treated with penicillin without response, and had already been surgically drained once in another ...
Fang Fang - - 2012
The intramolecular dipolar cycloaddition of an azide with an alkyne has provided a useful entry into triazole fused tricyclic heterocycles containing both the triazole ring and the oxazolidin-2-one ring system. The requisite azido-alkynes have been prepared via a two-step sequence from fused ring aziridines. A series of 6-12 membered rings ...
Vittos Oana - - 2012
Objective: To conduct a comprehensive, systematic review of studies assessing the significance of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Material and methods: A review of the literature was performed using the search term "Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2)" and each of the following terms: "cardiovascular risk," "cardiovascular death," "atherosclerotic disease," ...
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