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Results 551 - 600 of 4124
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Johnston Sheila - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  This study explored decision-making experiences of patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease when opting for conservative management of their renal failure. Background.  Dialysis is an invasive treatment, and for some older patients, there is an associated treatment burden of dialysis-related symptoms. An alternative choice is conservative ...
Lingott Torsten - - 2012
BaP1 is a snake venom metalloproteinase from the venom of Bothrops asper, showing high structural homology with the catalytic domain of human adamalysins and matrix metalloproteinases. It induces the release of cytokines, like interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor alpha. Recently the high resolution crystal structure of BaP1 with a bound ...
Han Sang Beom - - 2012
AIMS: To determine the effect of intracamerally injected voriconazole on corneal endothelial cells in rabbit eyes. METHODS: Various concentrations of voriconazole (0%, 0.03%, 0.1%, 0.25%, 0.5% and 1%) were injected intracamerally in 36 eyes of 18 rabbits (six eyes for each concentration). Measurements of endothelial cell counts and central corneal ...
Yeh Kuei-Ying - - 2012
RATIONALE: Nitric oxide (NO) is an important messenger mediating erection in the central nervous system (CNS). Paraventricular nucleus (PVN) neurons can be activated by NO and project the signals to the sacral spinal cord, which is involved in regulation of erection. Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) facilitates noncontact erection (NCE) ...
Lapierre Tracey A - - 2012
ObjectivesTo investigate the mechanisms through which marital status exerts long-term effects on depressive symptoms among women and to evaluate the relative importance of psychological, social and financial resources in mediating this relationship.MethodsData came from 6107 female respondents to a nationally representative longitudinal data set from the USA (National Survey of ...
Itoh Mari - - 2012
Brown rice fermented with Aspergillus oryzae, designated as FBRA, is a dietary fiber-rich food, and fully appreciated as one of the prebiotics, which are generally considered to be beneficial to the health of the body, because of stimulating the growth and/or the activity of bacteria in the digestive system. To ...
Kim Ju-Ock - - 2012
In this study, we investigated whether apigenin and wogonin affect MUC5AC mucin production and gene expression induced by phorbol ester (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, PMA) or epidermal growth factor (EGF) from human airway epithelial cells. Confluent NCI-H292 cells were pretreated with each agent for 30 min and then stimulated with PMA or ...
Ding A Adam - - 2012
We provide a copula identifiability condition for dependent truncated data model. The identifiability is characterized by the strong lower-left tail identifiability of the copula family. We show that the commonly used Archimedean copula families with analytic generator functions satisfy this condition.
Lohse Barbara - - 2012
To evaluate the digital program, Mealtime is Family Time, as a means of educating caregivers of preschoolers on the importance of family meals within the division of feeding responsibility framework. Descriptive design using 2 approaches: focus group program review and discussion or self-report survey after independent program review in low-income ...
Rousseau Caroline - - 2012
Syndecan-1 (CD138), a heparan sulfate proteoglycan, is constantly expressed on tumor cells in multiple myeloma (MM). This surface antigen is an attractive candidate for targeted therapy, especially radioimmunotherapy (RAIT). We report preliminary biodistribution and dosimetry results obtained in refractory MM patients in a phase I/II RAIT study using iodine-131-labeled anti-CD138 ...
Link Hans-Jürgen - - 2012
Most of the reports on synthetic biology include not only familiar topics like biosafety and biosecurity but also a chapter on 'ethical concerns'; a variety of diffuse topics that are interrelated in some way or another. This article deals with these 'ethical concerns'. In particular it addresses issues such as ...
Bayrakli Fatih - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Arachnoid cysts are congenital fluid-filled compartments within the cerebrospinal fluid cisterns and cerebral fissures. They most commonly occur sporadically, and familial occurrence has rarely been reported. In this study, we showed the first genetic linkage in the literature in a pure intracranial arachnoid cyst family with autosomal recessive trait. ...
Sidhu Sandeep Singh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids and pentoxifylline reduce short-term mortality in severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH), but not to the extent desired. Combining both drugs may lead to better survival, but has not yet been studied. AIM: To compare the efficacy of corticosteroids plus pentoxifylline with that of corticosteroids alone in improving survival of ...
Ferrari Mariana L - - 2012
The functional link between glycolipid glycosyltransferases (GT) relies on the ability of these proteins to form organized molecular complexes. The organization, stoichiometry and composition of these complexes may impact their sorting properties, sub-Golgi localization, and may determine relative efficiency of GT in different glycolipid biosynthetic pathways. In this work, by ...
Segall-Gutierrez Penina - - 2012
The link between depression, obesity, and fertility status is poorly understood among Latina women. The Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) is routinely administered in the Diabetes and Obesity in Reproductive Age women Clinic. We describe median PHQ-9 score and PHQ-9 score ≥10 [indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)] by fertility ...
Ganssauge Martin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to investigate the facial distortion (dysmorphopsia) experienced by patients with homonymous paracentral scotomas and to analyze the interrelationship with the previously described "thin man" phenomenon. METHODS: Routine neuro-ophthalmological examination and brain MRI in three patients who suffered from small homonymous paracentral scotomas due ...
Smith Melissa A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Azathioprine and mercaptopurine remain first line immunomodulatory treatments for inflammatory bowel disease. Toxicity and non-response are significant issues. Co-prescription of allopurinol with reduced-dose (25-33%) azathioprine or mercaptopurine may overcome these problems. We present the outcome of co-prescription in a large single-centre cohort. METHOD: Patients on thiopurine/allopurinol co-prescription ...
Liang Junchao - - 2012
Tuberculosis (TB) is still one of the most common causes of death in the world. The emergence of multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant (XDR-TB) Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) strains has increased the importance of searching for alternative targets to develop new antimycobacterial drugs. Linezolid, the first of oxazolidinones, is active in ...
Claessen Heiner - - 2012
Most studies examining the association between body mass index (BMI) and mortality neglected changes in weight over time, which may have led to underestimation of the true association. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between BMI and health related outcomes while accounting for variations of BMI ...
Wedlake Linda J - - 2012
3-Hydroxy-methylglutaryl coenzyme-a reductase inhibitors (statins) improve survival following pelvic irradiation for cancer. Large studies suggest that patients with hypertension may have reduced gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. Animal data suggest that statins and ACE inhibitors (ACEi) may protect against normal tissue injury. Their efficacy in humans has not been reported. To evaluate ...
Maeng Han-Joo - - 2012
Effects of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), natural ligand of the VDR, on the fates of adefovir dipivoxil (P-gp substrate) and its metabolites, mono(POM)-PMEA and adefovir (MRP4 substrate), were investigated in Caco-2 cells. After 1,25(OH)2D3-treatment, higher apical efflux of adefovir was observed after a 60 min incubation of adefovir divipoxil. Changes in ...
Manandhar Sarala - - 2012
NF-E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of various antioxidant and detoxifying enzymes. Although the benefit of NRF2 in cancer prevention is well established, its role in cancer pathobiology was recently discovered. In this study, the role of NRF2 in tumor growth and docetaxel sensitivity ...
Park S C H - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of docetaxel-based systemic chemotherapy in elderly patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 36 patients with CRPC who were treated with docetaxel-based systemic chemotherapy at a single institution between May 2005 and ...
Sugano Kentaro - - 2012
Low-dose lansoprazole has not been intensively evaluated for its efficacy in the prevention of recurrent gastric or duodenal ulcers in patients receiving long-term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) therapy for pain relief in such diseases as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and low back pain. This multi-center, prospective, double-blind, randomized, active-controlled study involving ...
Falcone Mary - - 2012
The perception that smoking relieves negative affect contributes to smoking persistence. Endogenous opioid neurotransmission, and the μ-opioid receptor (MOR) in particular, plays a role in affective regulation and is modulated by nicotine. We examined the relationship of MOR binding availability in the amygdala to the motivation to smoke for negative ...
Zhang Clarence K - - 2012
Mutations in GBA1 gene result in defective acid β-glucosidase and the complex phenotype of Gaucher disease (GD) related to the accumulation of glucosylceramide-laden macrophages. The phenotype is highly variable even among patients harboring identical GBA1 mutations. We hypothesize that modifier gene(s) underlie phenotypic diversity in GD and performed a GWAS ...
Zhou Haihong - - 2012
Stable isotope tracer studies of apoprotein flux in rodent models present difficulties as they require working with small volumes of plasma. We demonstrate the ability to measure apoprotein flux by administering either (2)H- or (18)O-labeled water to mice and then subjecting samples to LC-MS/MS analyses; we were able to simultaneously ...
Gros Daniel F - - 2012
Over the past decade there has been consistent criticism of the diagnostic criteria of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) because of its high comorbidity with other mental disorders. Part of the problem surrounding PTSD may be related to the heterogeneity of its symptoms. In fact, recent research has identified a subset ...
Andersen Mads Hald - - 2012
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an immunoregulatory enzyme that is implicated in suppressing T-cell immunity in many settings including cancer. In recent years, we have described spontaneous CD8(+) as well as CD4(+) T-cell reactivity against IDO in the tumor microenvironment of different cancer patients as well as in the peripheral blood ...
Pauler Florian M - - 2012
Non-coding (nc) RNA silencing of imprinted genes in extra-embryonic tissues provides a good model for understanding an underexamined aspect of gene regulation by macro or long ncRNAs, that is their action as long-range cis-silencers. Numerous long intergenic ncRNAs (lincRNAs) have been recently discovered that are thought to regulate gene expression, ...
Jager N G L - - 2012
The antiestrogenic effect of tamoxifen is mainly attributable to the active metabolites endoxifen and 4-hydroxytamoxifen. This effect is assumed to be concentration-dependent and therefore quantitative analysis of tamoxifen and metabolites for clinical studies and therapeutic drug monitoring is increasing. We investigated the large discrepancies in reported mean endoxifen and 4-hydroxytamoxifen ...
Kim Haejin - - 2012
Although evidence suggests that ambient exposures to endotoxin and other immunostimulants during early life influence allergic risk, efforts to understand this host-environment relationship have been hampered by a paucity of relevant assays. These investigations determined whether parameters of house dust extract (HDE) bioactivity were predictive of allergen skin prick test ...
Laferrère Blandine - - 2012
Studies of patients going into diabetes remission after gastric bypass surgery have demonstrated the important role of the gut in glucose control. The improvement of type 2 diabetes after gastric bypass surgery occurs via weight dependent and weight independent mechanisms. The rapid improvement of glucose levels within days after the ...
Bossley Cara J - - 2012
The pathology of pediatric severe therapy-resistant asthma (STRA) is little understood. We hypothesized that STRA in children is characterized by airway eosinophilia and mast cell inflammation and is driven by the T(H)2 cytokines IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13. Sixty-nine children (mean age, 11.8 years; interquartile range, 5.6-17.3 years; patients with STRA, ...
Horton J S - - 2012
Intrauterine infection frequently leads to preterm birth (PTB), with the pathophysiology involving activation of the innate immune system and its associated inflammatory response. The choriodecidua produces relaxin (RLN) and elevated levels are associated with preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes. However, it is not increased in bacterially-mediated PTB, but ...
Brennan Michael J - - 2012
In this review, published peer-reviewed preclinical studies using prime-boost tuberculosis (TB) vaccine regimens in animal challenge models for tuberculosis have been evaluated. These studies have been divided into groups that describe prime-boost vaccine combinations that performed better than, equivalent to, or worse than the currently used BCG vaccine. Review of ...
Humphries William H WH - - 2012
Endocytosis, the internalization and transport of extracellular cargo, is an essential cellular process. The ultimate step in endocytosis is the intracellular degradation of extracellular cargo for use by the cell. While live cell imaging and single particle tracking have been well-utilized to study the internalization and transport of cargo, the ...
Hamming David - - 2012
Conclusions about normal and pathologic shoulder motion are frequently made from studies using skin surface markers, yet accuracy of such sensors representing humeral motion is not well known. Nineteen subjects were investigated with flock of birds electromagnetic sensors attached to transcortical pins placed into the scapula and humerus, and a ...
Khorana Alok A - - 2012
Thromboembolism, including both venous and arterial events, occurs commonly amongst patients with cancer. The occurrence of thromboembolism has significant consequences for cancer patients, including direct and indirect associations with mortality, morbidity, requirement for long-term anticoagulant therapy and consumption of healthcare resources. Recent studies have resulted in a better understanding of ...
Kolhatkar Vidula - - 2012
The apical sodium dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) and sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP) are potential prodrug targets, but the structural requirements for these transporters are incompletely defined. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of C-3 and C-7 substitution on bile acid interaction with these bile acid ...
Schreiber Liana R N - - 2012
Past research has linked both emotion regulation and impulsivity with the development and maintenance of addictions. However, no research has investigated the relationship between emotion regulation and impulsivity within young adults. In the present study, we analyzed 194 young adults (27.8% female; 21.3 ± 3.32 years old; 91.8% single; 85.1% ...
McTeague Lisa M - - 2012
Understanding of exaggerated responsivity in specific phobia-its physiology and neural mediators-has advanced considerably. However, despite strong phenotypic evidence that prominence of specific phobia relative to co-occurring conditions (i.e., principal versus nonprincipal disorder) is associated with dramatic differences in subjective distress, there is yet no consideration of such comorbidity issues on ...
Ye Rongjian - - 2012
In plant genetic engineering, using tissue-specific promoters to control the expression of target gene is an effective way to avoid potential negative effects of using constitutive promoter, such as metabolic burden and so on. However, until now, there are few tissue-specific promoters with strong and reliable expression that could be ...
van der Krogt Marjolein M - - 2012
Humans have a remarkable capacity to perform complex movements requiring agility, timing, and strength. Disuse, aging, and disease can lead to a loss of muscle strength, which frequently limits the performance of motor tasks. It is unknown, however, how much weakness can be tolerated before normal daily activities become impaired. ...
Del Frate Luca - - 2012
Failure is a central notion both in ethics of engineering and in engineering practice. Engineers devote considerable resources to assure their products will not fail and considerable progress has been made in the development of tools and methods for understanding and avoiding failure. Engineering ethics, on the other hand, is ...
Kefeni Kebede K - - 2012
The study focused on analysis of polybromobiphenyls (PBBs) and polybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs) congeners in office dust obtained in Pretoria, South Africa. Of the 32 congeners considered for identification, (BB-1, 2, 4, 10, 15, 26, 29, 30, 31, 38, 49, 80, 103, 153, 155, 209 and BDE-3, 15, 17, 28, 47, ...
Gong Peng - - 2012
China has seen the largest human migration in history, and the country's rapid urbanisation has important consequences for public health. A provincial analysis of its urbanisation trends shows shifting and accelerating rural-to-urban migration across the country and accompanying rapid increases in city size and population. The growing disease burden in ...
Brown Bryan N - - 2012
The host response to biomaterials has been studied for decades. Largely, the interaction of host immune cells, macrophages in particular, with implanted materials has been considered to be a precursor to granulation tissue formation, the classic foreign body reaction, and eventual encapsulation with associated negative impacts upon device functionality. However, ...
Flores Roberto - - 2012
We conducted a pilot study of reproducibility and associations of microbial diversity and composition in faecal microbial DNA. Participants (25 men and 26 women, aged 17-65 years) provided questionnaire data and multiple samples of one stool collected with two Polymedco and two Sarstedt devices preloaded with RNAlater. 16S rRNA genes ...
Djurasovic Mladen - - 2012
Spinal fusion as a treatment for degenerative disc disease is controversial. Prior authors have identified various MRI findings as being pain generators, which might help guide patient selection for lumbar fusion procedures. These findings have included disc desiccation, disc contour, high-intensity zone annular disruption, the presence of Modic endplate changes, ...
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