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Fang Jing - - 2012
Yuanmou County in Yunnan Province, China is situated in a dry hot valley where annual evaporation is almost six times the annual rainfall and thus the county suffers from chronic water shortages. Since the early 1980s the county has taken advantage of local warm climate and focused its economic development ...
Furtado F - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation tools are used to quantify scar evolution and determine treatment effectiveness. In clinical practice, scar assessment scales are less costly, tend to cover a greater number of aspects related to scar characteristics and can incorporate a patient's opinion in the assessment. However, the scales have not yet been ...
Gianaroli Luca - - 2012
To evaluate the effects on human spermatozoa of freeze-drying, also known as lyophilization, and of cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen. Prospective experimental study. Reproductive medicine unit and a private IVF center. Thirty healthy male donors. Sperm samples from 30 donors divided as two aliquots, one to be lyophilized and the other ...
Kwag Kyung Hwa - - 2012
The negative impact of low acculturation on mental health in Hispanic older adults is widely known. The current study examined whether this association varied by a perceived density of people with same racial/ethnic backgrounds in neighborhoods. We hypothesized that the negative impact of low acculturation on mental health would be ...
Altarsha Muhannad - - 2012
Structural properties of peracetylated β-cyclodextrin in supercritical carbon dioxide were investigated by means of Molecular Dynamics simulations. The study put in evidence a strong reduction of the cavity accessibility to guest molecules, compared to native β-cyclodextrin in water. Indeed, the cavity is self-closed during the largest part of the simulation, ...
Ruhi Cağlar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Refractory congestive heart failure (RCHF), due to its high mortality and hospitalization rates, is a growing health problem. In this study, as an alternative and/or supportive treatment to conventional medical therapies, we have evaluated the clinical value of peritoneal ultrafiltration, performed as a single daily exchange with icodextrin or ...
Meng Qun - - 2012
In the past decade, the Government of China initiated health-care reforms to achieve universal access to health care by 2020. We assessed trends in health-care access and financial protection between 2003, and 2011, nationwide. We used data from the 2003, 2008, and 2011 National Health Services Survey (NHSS), which used ...
Goudar Chetan T - - 2012
The logistic modeling approach was used to describe experimental viable cell density (X) and product concentration (P) data from two industrial fed-batch mammalian cell culture processes with maximum product concentrations in the 3.0-9.4 g/l range. In both cases, experimental data were well described by the logistic equations and the resulting specific ...
Al-Niaimi F - - 2012
Introduction:  Skin disorders are a common problem for ostomates resulting in more than a third of visits to a stoma nurse. . Irritant reactions, particularly irritant contact dermatitis are the most frequently seen accounting for more than 50% of problems in some studies. We report our experience in patch testing ...
Maksimainen Mirko - - 2012
Crystal structures of native and α-D-galactose -bound Bacillus circulans sp. alkalophilusβ-galactosidase (Bca-β-gal) were determined at 2.40 Å and 2.25 Å resolutions, respectively. Bca-β-gal is a member of family 42 of glycoside hydrolases and it forms a 460 kDa hexameric structure in crystal. The protein consists of three domains in which ...
Stechemesser B - - 2012
PURPOSE: Despite the high frequency of hernia surgery procedures and continuous improvements, thanks to new hernia meshes and fixation techniques, in Germany, for example, the recurrence rate and rate of chronic inguinal pain after inguinal surgery are more than 10% far too high. Introduction of a hernia register in Denmark ...
Kumar Seema - - 2012
Overall it is clear that bariatric surgical intervention in appropriately selected adolescents is effective at both adequate weight loss and resolution of weight related co-morbidities in the short and medium term. Long-term results are being conducted currently to assess durability of bariatric surgical interventions. We believe that adolescents undergoing bariatric ...
Di Bella Gianluca - - 2012
Delayed-contrast-enhancement (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can identify areas of myocardial damage in patients with acute myocarditis (AM). The aim of this study was to assess the electrocardiographic findings in AM diagnosed by DCE-MRI. Eighty-one patients (72 men, 35 ± 13 years) with AM were prospectively enrolled. All of them underwent MRI and ...
Karampas I A - - 2012
In several bone deproteination protocols the chemical agent used for protein cleavage is hydrazine. The effect of hydrazine deproteination method on the crystal size and crystallinity of the bone mineral was studied. Bovine bones were subjected to this protocol and the crystal size and crystallinity of the remaining bone mineral ...
Murunikkara Vachana - - 2012
The present study was undertaken to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of piperine against adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats, an experimental model for rheumatoid arthritis and compared it with that of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin. Administration of heat-killed Mycobacterium tuberculosis (0. 1 ml) intradermally into the right hind paw of rats resulted ...
Oransky M - - 2012
The femoral head fracture has become an increasingly frequent injury, usually sustained by individuals during high-energy trauma. Regardless of the type of treatment, long-term consequences, as avascular necrosis, post-traumatic arthritis, and heterotopic ossification, may complicate the clinical outcome leading to variable degree of disability. The aim of this study was ...
Zhang Lulu - - 2012
Major earthquakes often result in incalculable environmental damage, loss of life, and threats to health. Tremendous progress has been made in response to many medical challenges resulting from earthquakes. However, emergency medical rescue is complicated, and great emphasis should be placed on its organisation to achieve the best results. The ...
Katz-Salamon M - - 2012
Objective:  to evaluate the effects of GH treatment on control of breathing, heart rate and blood pressure during sleep in Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). Study design:  in a prospective clinical case series study sixteen consecutive PWS patients (median age 16 months at enrolment) were followed-up 6 months (2-32 months) after commencing ...
Moore Melisa - - 2012
Sleep problems in children and adolescents are common, and they impact multiple domains of child and family functioning. Psychologists have a critical role in the assessment and treatment of sleep problems and are integral to interdisciplinary sleep teams. Certain sleep problems may be related to co-morbid psychological or developmental conditions, ...
Bodei Lisa - - 2012
Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) consists in the systemic administration of a synthetic peptide, labelled with a suitable beta-emitting radionuclide, able to irradiate tumours and their metastases via the internalization through a specific receptor, overexpressed on the cell membrane. After 15 years of experience, we can state that PRRT with (90)Y-labelled ...
Yip Winnie Chi-Man - - 2012
China's 3 year, CN¥850 billion (US$125 billion) reform plan, launched in 2009, marked the first phase towards achieving comprehensive universal health coverage by 2020. The government's undertaking of systemic reform and its affirmation of its role in financing health care together with priorities for prevention, primary care, and redistribution of ...
Martin-Fardon Rémi - - 2012
Alcohol addiction is a chronically relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive alcohol seeking and use. Alcohol craving and long-lasting vulnerability to relapse present a great challenge for the successful treatment of alcohol addiction. Therefore, relapse prevention has emerged as a critically important area of research, with the need for effective and ...
Draskovic-Pavlovic Biljana - - 2012
Thermal injury, as well as other forms of severe trauma, induces simultaneous hyper- and anti-inflammatory response. While data about decreased number and responsiveness of T lymphocytes are largely consistent, reports concerning granulocytes following trauma are contradictory. Contrary to the evidence on the increased accumulation of granulocytes in the lungs or ...
Kikuta Yukio - - 2012
Although natural insecticide pyrethrins produced by Tanacetum cinerariifolium are used worldwide to control insect pest species, little is known of their biosynthesis. From the buds of T. cinerariifolium, we have purified a protein able to transfer chrysanthemoyl group from the CoA thioester to pyrethrolone to produce pyrethrin I and isolated ...
Kluijt Irma - - 2012
Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) is a relatively rare disorder, with a mutated CDH1 gene as the only known cause. Carriers of a germline mutation in CDH1 have a lifetime risk of >80% of developing diffuse gastric cancer. As periodic gastric surveillance is of limited value in detecting early stages ...
Patanun Onsaya - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a newly discovered class of noncoding endogenous small RNAs involved in plant growth and development as well as response to environmental stresses. miRNAs have been extensively studied in various plant species, however, only few information are available in cassava, which serves as one of the staple food ...
Mirkov I - - 2012
Model of systemic Aspergillus fumigatus infection induced by intravenous application of conidia is suitable for studying important aspects of invasive aspergillosis including relationship between infection and mortality, dissemination of infection and immune mechanisms involved in host resistance to this fungus. Use of this model allows the investigation of both innate ...
Yang Guang - - 2012
6-Gingerol, a major phenolic compound derived from ginger, has been known to possess anticarcinogenic activities. However, the mechanisms are not well understood. In our previous study, it was demonstrated that lysosome and mitochondria may be the primary targets for 6-gingerol in HepG2 cells. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate lysosome-mitochondria ...
Ambrosini Valentina - - 2012
In the past few years, the introduction of novel PET tracers labelled with (68)Ga has changed the diagnostic approach to neuroendocrine tumours (NET) in specialized centres. Although somatostatin analogue tracers labelled with (111)In have represented the gold standard imaging modality for NET detection in past decades, the advantages offered by ...
Ciji Alexander - - 2012
An experiment was conducted to study the effects of short-term exposure to sublethal levels of nitrite on electrolyte regulation, antioxidative enzymes and haematological parameters in Labeo rohita juveniles. The fishes were exposed to graded levels of nitrite (0-15 mg l(-1)) for different duration (0, 12, 24, 48 and 96 h). The 96-h LC(50) ...
Bailey Melissa - - 2012
Most electrical equipment in the modern operating room (OR) radiates electrical noise (EN) that can interfere with patient monitors. We have described the EN that an intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) system emits and have shown that this high-energy EN diminishes the quality of the ECG waveform during iMRI scans ...
van der Geer S - - 2012
Background:  Imiquimod 5% cream can reduce or clear superficial and small nodular basal cell carcinoma (BCC). It could be used as a pre-treatment of Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) to decrease defect size. Objective:  To study if a pre-treatment with imiquimod 5% cream decreases defect size after Mohs micrographic surgery. In ...
Ozkaya Bestamin - - 2012
Electrode materials play a key role in enhancing the electricity generation in the microbial fuel cell (MFC). In this study, a new material (Ti-TiO(2)) was used as an anode electrode and compared with a graphite electrode for electricity generation. Current densities were 476.6 and 31 mA/m(2) for Ti-TiO(2) and graphite electrodes, ...
Fani Melpomeni - - 2012
Receptor targeting with radiolabelled peptides has become very important in nuclear medicine and oncology in the past few years. The overexpression of many peptide receptors in numerous cancers, compared to their relatively low density in physiological organs, represents the molecular basis for in vivo imaging and targeted radionuclide therapy with ...
Meehan Shane M - - 2012
The Columbia working classification of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) identifies five types of glomerular lesions, designated collapsing (COLL), cellular (CELL), glomerular tip lesion (GTL), perihilar (PH), and not otherwise specified (NOS) variant lesions. FSGS COLL and non-collapsing variants of FSGS are described in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated kidney disease. This ...
Shah Rohan - - 2012
Oleo gum resin secreted by Commiphora mukul, also known as gum guggul, has been used widely as an ayurvedic drug. Commiphora mukul is a short thorny shrub that is native to the Indian subcontinent. Oleo gum resin extracted by incision of the bark is a very complex mixture of gum, ...
Sevim Ali - - 2012
Hydrophobins are small, cysteine-rich, secreted proteins, ubiquitously produced by filamentous fungi that are speculated to function in fungal growth, cell surface properties, and development, although this has been rigorously tested for only a few species. Herein, we report identification of three hydrophobin genes from the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium brunneum, and ...
Gaertner F C - - 2012
Imaging of angiogenesis has become increasingly important with the rising use of targeted antiangiogenic therapies like bevacizumab (Avastin). Non-invasive assessment of angiogenic activity is in this respect interesting, e.g. for response assessment of such targeted antiangiogenic therapies. One promising approach of angiogenesis imaging is imaging of specific molecular markers of ...
Dimitrova Petya - - 2012
Verbascum xanthophoeniceum Griseb. is an endemic plant of the Balkan region, a representative of the genus Verbascum used in traditional medicine for respiratory and inflammatory disorders. The objective of this study was to evaluate in vivo and in vitro the antiinflammatory action of crude extract, different fractions and pure compounds ...
Miladinović Dragoljub L - - 2012
The antibacterial effects of Thymus vulgaris (Lamiaceae), Lavandula angustifolia (Lamiaceae), and Calamintha nepeta (Lamiaceae) Savi subsp. nepeta var. subisodonda (Borb.) Hayek essential oils on five different bacteria were estimated. Laboratory control strain and clinical isolates from different pathogenic media were researched by broth microdilution method, with an emphasis on a ...
Yamauchi Yoshikane - - 2012
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is known to be widely resistant to therapy and new treatment strategies are needed. Curcumin, which has a long history as a dietary spice is known to suppress the growth of multiple cancer lines, but the effects on mesothelioma cells are not well defined. In the present ...
Park Kui Young - - 2012
Abstract Background: Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a common condition of follicular plugging with variable erythema. There is a lack of reliable response to treatment of KP. Objectives: We evaluated the effect and safety of combination peel with fractional prickle coral calcium (FCR™) in the treatment of keratosis pilaris. Materials and ...
Jaroszuk-Ściseł Jolanta - - 2012
The efficiency of hydrolysis of fungal (Fusarium spp.) cell wall and rye root cell wall by crude enzymatic complexes from (42-day-old) cultures of three F. culmorum isolates, a plant growth-promoting rhizosphere isolate (PGPF) DEMFc2, a deleterious rhizosphere isolate (DRMO) DEMFc5, and a pathogenic isolate DEMFc37, as well as two other, ...
Herron Daniel - - 2012
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy are two of the most common bariatric procedures performed in 2011. Although the complication rates associated with these procedures are low, the consequences of these complications are significant and can be associated with high morbidity and mortality. Timely diagnosis and proper management of these ...
Rudi K - - 2012
Aims:  The impact of bacterial transmission from mother to child on human allergy development is poorly understood. The aim of the present work was therefore to use a temporal collected data-set of 117 mothers and their children to model the potential effect of mother to child bacterial transmission on allergy ...
Derycke S - - 2012
The presence of morphologically similar but genetically distinct species has impacted biogeographical and ecological paradigms. In marine sediments, free-living nematodes form one of the most abundant and diverse faunal groups. Inferring the importance of nematode diversity for ecosystem functioning requires species-level identification, which is hampered by the lack of easily ...
Willoch Karin - - 2012
Background Drug-related problems (DRPs) have been found to be associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and health costs. Objective To investigate whether the inclusion of pharmacists in a rehabilitation team influences the handling of DRPs in the ward and whether an intervention in hospital affects drug use after discharge. Setting The ...
Dionisi Francesco - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Set-up errors represent a source of uncertainty in head and neck (H&N) cancer radiotherapy. The present study evaluated set-up accuracy with the use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in order to establish the proper clinical target volume (CTV) to planning target volume (PTV) margins to be adopted. METHODS: Local ...
Varanius Darius - - 2012
The laser intervertebral disc decompression may provide appropriate relief in properly selected patients with contained disc herniations. The present investigation aims to characterise intervertebral disc material by autofluorescence induced by laser light. Degeneration of the intervertebral disc is associated with progressive biochemical changes in disc material. Percutaneous laser disc decompression ...
Bomanji Jamshed B - - 2012
This paper is a critical review of the literature on NET radionuclide therapy with (111)In-DTPA(0)-octreotide (Octreoscan) and (131)I-MIBG, focusing on efficacy and toxicity. Some potential future applications and new candidate therapeutic agents are also mentioned. Octreoscan has been a pioneering agent for somatostatin receptor radionuclide therapy. It has achieved symptomatic ...
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