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Results 251 - 300 of 4161
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Sato Akio - - 2012
The autologous transplantation of hair follicles that have been separated into single follicular units is an accepted treatment for androgenetic alopecia. Recent studies demonstrate that the multiple stem cell populations and surrounding cutaneous tissues coordinately regulate the hair follicle functions and skin homeostasis. Therefore, the critical issues for consideration regarding ...
Takahashi Takao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for unresectable colorectal liver metastases can reduce tumor size, which sometimes leads to curative resection. The aim of the present study was to identify and describe patients with initially unresectable liver-only metastases from colorectal cancer who obtained sufficient chemotherapeutic benefit that eventually lead to the removal of ...
Carollo Anna - - 2012
Introduction: This glossary is a tool for clinicians who have to confront topics in which medical, scientific and technical jargon is closely linked. It provides definitions for the key concepts and terms of pharmaceutical care, clinical pharmacy, and research in the health care system in clinical settings. It includes items ...
Kara Ibrahim - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the requirement for temporary and permanent pacemaker insertion and the incidence of the problems regarding the rhythm following heart transplantation with the bicaval or biatrial technique in the early postoperative period. METHODS: Sixty-one patients underwent orthotopic heart transplantation between the dates ...
Lin Shih-Sung - - 2012
The study aims to provide an ease-of-use approach for senior patients to utilize remote healthcare systems. An ease-of-use remote healthcare system (RHS) architecture using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) and networking technologies is developed. Specifically, the codes in RFID tags are used for authenticating the patients' ID to secure and ease ...
Knyazev Gennady G - - 2012
Knyazev, G. G., Barchard, K. A., Razumnikova, O. M. & Mitrofanova, L.G. (2012). The relationship of positive and negative expressiveness to the processing of emotion information. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. The tendency to express emotions non-verbally is positively related to perception of emotions in oneself. This study examined its relationship ...
Buescher Joerg Martin - - 2012
Adaptation of cells to environmental changes requires dynamic interactions between metabolic and regulatory networks, but studies typically address only one or a few layers of regulation. For nutritional shifts between two preferred carbon sources of Bacillus subtilis, we combined statistical and model-based data analyses of dynamic transcript, protein, and metabolite ...
Salavati Mahyar - - 2012
Purpose: As a well-known measure for quantifying functional mobility in elderly persons, Berg Balance Scale (BBS) was used in the present study to evaluate its psychometric properties among a sample of 106 elderly individuals speaking Persian language. Method: After forward-backward translation process, videotapes were recorded from all participants while performing ...
van den Heever J J - - 2012
Porcine heart valves and bovine pericardium exhibit suitable properties for use as substitutes in cardiothoracic surgery, but must meet several requirements to be safe and efficient. Treatment with glutaraldehyde (GA) render some of these requirements, but calcification and degradation post-implant remain a problem. This study aimed to identify additional biochemical ...
Baade Peter D - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between socio-demographic and clinical factors, and time from consultation to diagnosis and treatment for men with prostate cancer. METHODS: Men diagnosed with prostate cancer (n = 1,064, response rate = 82%) were recruited through participating urologists and hospital outpatient clinics in Queensland, Australia, and completed telephone interviews and self-administered ...
Deutsch Lena - - 2012
Gene copy number profiles of primary lung tumors were screened for high-level amplifications. We detected 22 high-level amplifications in various loci, including 14q13. This locus is known to harbor the adenocarcinoma (AC) lineage-specific target gene NKX2-1, which is not expressed in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). As the 14q amplification was ...
Rodríguez-Álvarez Elena - - 2012
The objective of this study was to identify the social factors that explain the differences in knowledge with regards to HIV/AIDS among immigrants in the Basque Country (Spain). We conducted a cross-sectional study based on information obtained in the Basque Health Survey for 754 immigrants from: 86 China, 368 Latin ...
Majumdar Pallab - - 2012
The microstructure of Ti-35Nb-7.2Zr-5.7Ta (TNZT) and Ti-35Nb-7.2Zr-5.7Ta-0.5B (TNZTB) alloys under different heat treatment conditions has been analyzed. The solution-treated and water-quenched TNZT sample consists mainly of β phase with a very small amount of fine athermal ω precipitate. Precipitation of α can be observed when solution-treated samples are directly aged ...
Ghimire Bimal Kumar - - 2012
Betula alnoides has been widely used in local traditional medicinal treatment for a variety of diseases, wounds and to cure diabetes. The air-dried, powdered (200 g) bark was extracted with 80% methanol at room temperature. The combined 80% methanolic extract was partitioned with organic solvents to yield n-hexane, ethyl acetate ...
Alcover M Magdalena - - 2012
Epidemiological studies on the distribution of leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum Nicolle, 1908 (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) have been based principally on serological surveys of the canine reservoir. This methodology is useful due to the facility of sampling, the rapidity in obtaining results, its consistency and because it allows the detection of ...
Roh Mi Ryung - - 2012
Individuals with a personal history of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) are known to have an increased risk of subsequent cancers. However, most of the studies regarding this fact were done on Caucasian populations. We investigated whether Korean patients with NMSC have an increased risk of developing second cancers compared to ...
Lombardi Celestino P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Voice and swallowing symptoms following thyroidectomy in the absence of any demonstration of laryngeal nerves injury are usually considered a functional outcome of uncomplicated operations, mainly related to scar formation and emotional reaction. They could be related to unapparent laryngeal nerve or cricothyroid (CT) muscle injuries detectable only by ...
Khodyuchenko Tatiana - - 2012
In the somatic cell nucleus, there are several universal domains such as nucleolus, SC35-domains, Cajal bodies (CBs) and histone locus bodies (HLBs). Among them, CBs were described more than 100 years ago; however, we still do not have a final understanding of their nature and biological significance. The giant nucleus of ...
Wilson Charlotte - - 2012
Background: The perceived control of intrusive thoughts is important in our understanding of a variety of psychological disorders, but particularly in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Little research has explored thought control strategies in younger populations, despite the frequent onset of OCD in childhood. Aims: This study examined thought control strategies ...
Zhang Jijia - - 2012
Zhang, J., Lin, N. & Li, D. (2012). Mosuos' awareness of taxonomic relations in word associations, lexicon decisions and semantic categorizations. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. The development of representations for taxonomic categories is influenced by many factors, such as age, life experiences, and education. It was hypothesized that Mosuos might ...
Songa Ambedkar Sunil - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to develop chronotherapeutic drug delivery system of indomethacin using polyethylene oxide (PEO) with a predetermined lag time of 6 h by compression coating technique. Materials and methods: Solid dispersions (SD) of indomethacin were prepared using novel carrier sucrose fatty acid ester (SFE 1815) ...
Kaneko Masatoki - - 2012
We report a case of delayed-interval delivery of a dichorionic, diamniotic twin pregnancy with the survival of both twins. The patient presented at 22 weeks and 1 day of gestation with vaginal bleeding and preterm labor. Five days later, the first twin was born. The second twin remained in utero. The management consisted ...
Asano Keisuke - - 2012
A novel asymmetric formal [3 + 2] cycloaddition reaction for the synthesis of 1,3-dioxolanes using cinchona-alkaloid-thiourea-based bifunctional organocatalysts is reported. The reaction proceeds via the formation of hemiacetal intermediates between γ-hydroxy-α,β-unsaturated ketones and aldehydes.
Hacihasano─člu Rabia - - 2012
Study purpose was to examine the validity of a 13-item short form of the Medication Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (MASES-SF) in an independent sample of 150 hypertensive Turkish patients. This is a methodological study and 150 adult patients, who are receiving medication for hypertension in the last one year, were ...
Lee Hye-Young - - 2012
Here we prepared three-dimensional (3D) porous-structured biodegradable polymer scaffolds for tissue regeneration using room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) as a novel porogen, and addressed their biological properties, including in vitro cell growth and differentiation and in vivo tissue compatibility. RTIL based on 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium ([bmim]) bearing hydrophilic anion Cl was introduced ...
Xu Xuejiao - - 2012
A sensitive and rapid analytical methodology based on derivatization followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed for the quantitative determination of the toxic contaminant ethyl carbamate (EC, urethane, C(2) H(5) OCONH(2) ) in alcoholic samples. EC was extracted using liquid-liquid extraction technique, and then silylated with bis-(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide, analysed finally ...
Miyajima Yoshiteru - - 2012
A 55-year old female was referred to the Department of Neurosurgery, Kitasato Hospital, because of a hearing impairment. Neuroimaging revealed a typical meningioma attached to the falx in the right frontal region. During surgery, an encapsulated, circumscribed, reddish-gray, slightly hard tumor attached to the falx was completely removed by an ...
Lux Christian - - 2012
Mirror, mirror. The ionization of chiral molecules with circularly polarized light creates an enhancement of the photoelectron angular distribution in the forward direction relative to the laser beam. The mirror-image distribution is obtained with the mirror-image enantiomer. The effect allows enantiomers to be distinguished in the gas phase. To date ...
Thacker Neeta - - 2012
This study investigated dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in gasses emitted from waste incinerators and thermal processes in central and western parts of India. The concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDDs/DFs) ranged from 0.0070 to 26.8140 ng toxicity equivalent (TEQ)/Nm(3), and those of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) ranged from 0.0001 × 10(-1) ...
Pahua-Ramos María Elena - - 2012
Avocado seed contains elevated levels of phenolic compounds and exhibits antioxidant properties. We investigated the effect of Avocado Seed Flour (ASF) on the lipid levels in mice on a hyperlipidemic diet. The concentration of phenols was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography, antioxidant activity was evaluated using the Trolox equivalent antioxidant ...
Paola Quarello - - 2012
Infection is a significant cause of death in patients with aplastic anaemia (AA). However, few studies have examined the characteristics of infections in patients with AA, especially in children. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence and types of infections in a large cohort of paediatric ...
Wang Sheng - - 2012
The origin of the peroxidase-like activity of gold nanoparticles and the impact of surface modification are studied. Furthermore, some influencing factors, such as fabrication process, redox property of the modifier, and charge property of the substrate, are investigated. Compared to amino-modified or citrate-capped gold nanoparticles, unmodified gold nanoparticles show significantly ...
Kruchkovich Jenya - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) levels and CPK-MB proportion to differentiate between extra and intrauterine of very early gestations with unknown location. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is case-control. CPK levels and CPK-MB proportion in 51 women with extrauterine pregnancies were compared to those in 28 ...
Scherling Carole - - 2012
Prechemotherapy neuroimaging data are lacking in posttreatment cognitive impairment studies. Breast cancer patients and noncancer controls were scanned prior to chemotherapy during a response inhibition task. Task reaction times and error rates, as well as neuropsychological tests, hospital records, and salivary biomarkers, were investigated, yielding no significant group differences. Significant ...
Wu Chang-Fu - - 2012
Previous studies have shown that there was a relatively large amount of uncertainty along the major wind direction in the results of locating emission sources using the one-dimensional radial plume mapping (RPM(1D)) technique based on optical remote sensing measurements. This paper proposes setting up an additional monitoring line that is ...
Orji Foster Tochukwu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The outcome of esophagoscopy for removal of suspected esophageal foreign bodies (EFBs) is dependent on the FB characteristics and the surgeon's experience. This study was conducted to review our experience and highlight challenges in the management of EFBs in a developing country. The value of radiologic signs in FB ...
Tang Chu - - 2012
Five new conjugates of oleanolic acid derivatives and chalcones have been designed and synthesized. The structure elucidation of these conjugates was accomplished by using extensive 1D ((1) H, (13) C) and 2D NMR spectroscopic studies (COSY, HSQC and HMBC); and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity is reported for these conjugates. Compound 2b ...
Samukawa Keiichi - - 2012
Pruritus is a severe symptom that is difficult to treat in atopic dermatitis patients. Red ginseng (RG), a natural medicine, has various biological activities such as anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we examined the efficacy of RG extract (RGE) and its mechanism on experimental atopic dermatitis in mice. The effects ...
Regadas F S P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the relationship between the pathogenesis of anorectocele and the anatomy of the anal canal and anorectal junction using echodefecography. METHODS: The study was conducted on a total of 100 women with obstructed defecation, mean age 46.6 years, who underwent echodefecography. Patients ...
Desouza Ruth-Mary - - 2012
Over recent years, hip resurfacing has been performed in young, active patients, including women in their child bearing years. Current work investigating the transplacental passage of metal ions (cobalt and chromium) suggests significant passage of ions across the placenta in mothers with metal on metal hip resurfacing. In vitro studies ...
Diskin E - - 2012
To date, phenological research has provided evidence that climate warming is impacting both animals and plants, evidenced by the altered timing of phenophases. Much of the evidence supporting these findings has been provided by analysis of historic records and present-day fieldwork; herbaria have been identified recently as an alternative source ...
Parejko James A - - 2012
Certain strains of the rhizosphere bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens contain the phenazine biosynthesis operon (phzABCDEFG) and produce redox-active phenazine antibiotics that suppress a wide variety of soilborne plant pathogens. In 2007 and 2008, we isolated 412 phenazine-producing (Phz(+)) fluorescent Pseudomonas strains from roots of dryland wheat and barley grown in the ...
Bartram David J - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the psychometric properties of the 14-item Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) in the UK veterinary profession by the application of Rasch analysis, and to assess the external construct validity of the derived interval scale measurements. METHODS: Data sets were derived from two independent cross-sectional surveys of the ...
Watabe Ai - - 2012
To evaluate the relationship among immune status and increased morbidity and mortality, peripheral blood lymphocytes (CD3(+), CD4(+), CD8(+), CD21(+) cells) from 32 healthy dogs aged over 8 years were analyzed. Twenty-five dogs out of 32 were followed-up for 3 years after the analysis, and 14 dogs were found to be ...
Yi Yu-Jun - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objective of this paper is to assess the regulation of the accumulation of heavy metals in the aquatic environment and different fish species. METHODS: Water and fish samples were collected from upper to lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Pb, Zn) ...
Li Ji - - 2012
We previously mapped one male-sterile gene (Bnms3) from an extensively used recessive genic male sterility line (9012AB) in Brassica napus to a 0.14-cM genomic region. In this study, two highly homologous BAC contigs possibly containing the candidate BnMs3 gene were identified using a map-based cloning strategy. A BnMs3-linked SCAR marker ...
Lü Jing - - 2012
Sympathetic nerve sprouting in healed myocardial infarction (MI) has been associated with high incidences of lethal arrhythmias, but the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. This study sought to test that sympathetic hyperinnervation and/or MI remodels the myocardial glutamate signaling and ultimately increases the severity of ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Myocardial necrotic injury ...
Nicolas Pierre - - 2012
Bacteria adapt to environmental stimuli by adjusting their transcriptomes in a complex manner, the full potential of which has yet to be established for any individual bacterial species. Here, we report the transcriptomes of Bacillus subtilis exposed to a wide range of environmental and nutritional conditions that the organism might ...
Schmidt M - - 2012
Encouraging results of ablation therapy in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) have prompted changes in professional practice guidelines. The most recent European guidelines have suggested that ablation might be offered as first-line therapy in selected patients. Cryoballoon ablation is a promising technology in interventional AF therapy. Two different sizes ...
Tapp Henri S - - 2012
Genomics-based technologies produce large amounts of data. To interpret the results and identify the most important variates related to phenotypes of interest, various multivariate regression and variate selection methods are used. Although inspected for statistical performance, the relevance of multivariate models in interpreting biological data sets often remains elusive. We ...
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