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Results 201 - 250 of 4162
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Li Gordon - - 2012
Despite numerous clinical trials over the past 2 decades, the overall survival for children diagnosed with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) remains 9-10 months. Radiation therapy is the only treatment with proven effect and novel therapies are needed. Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) is the most common variant ...
Shoji Mikio - - 2012
Recent advances in clinical molecular and genetic studies on Alzheimer's disease (AD) are summarized here. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ42 and tau are the most sensitive biomarkers for the diagnosis of AD and prediction of its onset following mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Based on this progress, new diagnostic criteria for AD ...
Collins I M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence regarding attitudes to clinical decision support systems (CDSS) in oncology. AIMS: We examined the current usage, awareness, and concerns of Irish medical oncologists and oncology pharmacists in this area. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 27 medical oncologists and 34 oncology pharmacists, identified through professional ...
Geisert Rodney - - 2012
Implantation and the establishment of pregnancy in mammals involves an intricate interplay of hormones, cytokines, growth factors, proteins, lipids, ions and the extracellular matrix between the uterine epithelium, stroma, immune cells and the conceptus trophectoderm. The divergent nature of implantation in the mouse, human and pig provides not only an ...
Puterman M M - - 2012
A variety of surgical methods have been developed to reduce the volume of the inferior turbinates, in order to create a more patent nasal airway. We describe a technique used in our department since February 2002 for all patients undergoing inferior turbinectomy. We resect with endoscopic assistance the lateral mucosa ...
Dorn Gerald W GW 2nd Center for Pharmacogenomics, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA. - - 2012
This review reflects and expands on the contents of my presentation at the Thomas W. Smith Memorial Lecture at American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, 2011. "Decoding the cardiac message" refers to accumulating results from ongoing microRNA research that is altering longstanding concepts of the mechanisms for, and consequences of, messenger ...
Alexander William A - - 2012
Solvated electrons are powerful reagents in the liquid phase that break chemical bonds and thereby create additional reactive species, including hydrogen atoms. We explored the distinct chemistry that ensues when electrons are liberated near the liquid surface rather than within the bulk. Specifically, we detected the products resulting from exposure ...
Wanapirak Chanane - - 2012
Aim:  The aim of the present study was to establish Thai-specific reference ranges of triple markers for fetal Down syndrome as a function of gestational age as well as weight correction models and to compare the false positive rates when using Thai-specific model relative to Caucasian-specific model. Material and Methods:  ...
He Hong-Chao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to present our 8-year experience with partial adrenalectomy via the retroperitoneal approach for the treatment of Cushing's adenoma. METHODS: A total of 93 patients who underwent adrenal surgery for Cushing's adenoma from March 2003 to December 2010 were enrolled in this study. Preoperative, ...
McGregor A H AH Surgery and Cancer, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital Campus, London, UK. - - 2012
This study evaluated an evidence-based education booklet developed for patients undergoing spinal surgery which was used as a treatment intervention in a multi-centre, factorial, randomised controlled trial (FASTER: Function after spinal treatment, exercise and rehabilitation) investigating the post-operative management of spinal surgery patients. This study sought to determine the acceptability ...
Pucher Philip - - 2012
Oesophageal carcinoma remains one of the most common forms of cancer. Resection in the form of oesophagectomy and gastric interposition remains the standard surgical treatment and is associated with a high rate of post-operative morbidity. We report a case of a 71-year old male who underwent successful Ivor-Lewis oesophageal resection ...
Bhargava Suresh - - 2012
A mixture of cyclic gold(i) complexes [Au(2)(μ-cis-dppen)(2)]X(2) (X = OTf 1, PF(6)3) and [Au(cis-dppen)(2)]X (X = OTf 2, PF(6)4) is obtained from the reaction of [Au(tht)(2)]X (tht = tetrahydrothiophene) with one equivalent of cis-dppen [dppen = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethylene]. The analogous reaction with trans-dppen or dppa [dppa = bis(diphenylphosphino)acetylene] affords the cyclic ...
Dean L G LG Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St. Andrews, Queen's Terrace, St. Andrews, Fife, - - 2012
The remarkable ecological and demographic success of humanity is largely attributed to our capacity for cumulative culture, with knowledge and technology accumulating over time, yet the social and cognitive capabilities that have enabled cumulative culture remain unclear. In a comparative study of sequential problem solving, we provided groups of capuchin ...
Flammer Andreas J AJ Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic and College of Medicine, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
Cranberry juice (CJ) contains a remarkably high concentration of polyphenols, considered to be beneficial for cardiovascular and bone health. The current double-blind, randomized study was designed to test whether daily consumption of double-strength Ocean Spray light CJ (2 × 230 ml) over 4 months has beneficial effects on vascular function ...
Rittger H - - 2012
In-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis are still the main topics of any update on coronary intervention. One of the challenging issues in the past year lay in answering the question of whether the data on first-generation drug-eluting stents are still relevant in the light of newer stent designs and drugs. ...
Ebstein Frédéric - - 2012
The proteasome is a multi-catalytic protein complex whose primary function is the degradation of abnormal or foreign proteins. Upon exposure of cells to interferons (IFNs), the β1i/LMP2, β2i/MECL-1, and β5i/LMP7 subunits are induced and incorporated into newly synthesized immunoproteasomes (IP), which are thought to function solely as critical players in ...
Cirujano F G - - 2012
A bifunctional MOF catalyst containing coordinatively unsaturated Cr(3+) sites and palladium nanoparticles (Pd@MIL-101) has been used for the cyclization of citronellal to isopulegol and for the one-pot tandem isomerization/hydrogenation of citronellal to menthol. The MOF was found to be stable under the reaction conditions used, and the results obtained indicate ...
Xi Wenyan - - 2012
To investigate whether serum Anti- Müllerian hormone (AMH) on day 3 could predict controlled ovarian stimulation and reproductive outcomes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. A total of 164 PCOS patients undergoing their first IVF treatment cycle were prospectively included. Serum AMH levels on cycle day 3 was measured. The ...
Martín Carmen - - 2012
The use of the bulky hydrotris(3-mesitylpyrazolyl)borate anionic ligand has allowed the synthesis of stable Tp(Ms)Cu(alkyne) complexes (alkyne = 1-hexyne, 1, phenylacetylene, 2, and ethyl propiolate, 3). The spectroscopic and structural features of these compounds and their relative reactivity have been examined, indicating the existence of a low π back-bonding from ...
Jackson Charlene R - - 2012
Genetic relatedness of enterococci from poultry litter to enterococci from nearby surface water and groundwater in the Lower Fraser Valley regions of British Columbia, Canada was determined. A new automated BOX-PCR and Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) were used to subtype enterococcal isolates from broiler and layer litter and surface and ...
Bullough Emma K - - 2012
Neutral tetrakis(methylimidazole) (1) and the novel cationic tetrakis(methylimidazolium) (2) calixarenes have been prepared and their solid-state and solution behaviour examined. The neutral imidazole forms a mono-zwitterion at elevated temperature, a feature that has been observed both in solution and in the solid-state. The cationic imidazolium exhibits a range of hydrogen ...
Youngblut Matthew M Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 3210 N. Cramer St, Milwaukee, WI 53211, - - 2012
The high-yield expression and purification of Shewanella oneidensis cytochrome c nitrite reductase (ccNiR) and its characterization by a variety of methods, notably Laue crystallography, are reported. A key component of the expression system is an artificial ccNiR gene in which the N-terminal signal peptide from the highly expressed S. oneidensis ...
Nicolas Pierre - - 2012
Bacteria adapt to environmental stimuli by adjusting their transcriptomes in a complex manner, the full potential of which has yet to be established for any individual bacterial species. Here, we report the transcriptomes of Bacillus subtilis exposed to a wide range of environmental and nutritional conditions that the organism might ...
Schmidt M - - 2012
Encouraging results of ablation therapy in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) have prompted changes in professional practice guidelines. The most recent European guidelines have suggested that ablation might be offered as first-line therapy in selected patients. Cryoballoon ablation is a promising technology in interventional AF therapy. Two different sizes ...
Asahina Hajime - - 2012
This phase 1 study assessed the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary antitumor activity of linifanib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients were assigned to one of four sequential cohorts (0.05, 0.10, 0.20, or 0.25 mg/kg) of oral, once-daily linifanib on a 21-day cycle. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed per ...
Tapp Henri S - - 2012
Genomics-based technologies produce large amounts of data. To interpret the results and identify the most important variates related to phenotypes of interest, various multivariate regression and variate selection methods are used. Although inspected for statistical performance, the relevance of multivariate models in interpreting biological data sets often remains elusive. We ...
Wu Limin - - 2012
Hypoglycemia is a well-known complication of insulinoma and other non-islet-cell tumors like hepatic tumor. In the emergency unit of neurology department, hypoglycemia is an uncommon cause of convulsive status epilepticus. We report a rare case with hypoglycemia-induced convulsive status epilepticus as the initial presentation of primary hepatic carcinoma. The previously ...
Burton E J EJ Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, UK. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the neuropathological substrates underlying in vivo hippocampal atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in autopsy confirmed neurodegenerative dementia cases. Thirty-one neuropathologically verified cases (23 with Lewy body dementia (LBD) and eight with Alzheimer's disease (AD)) were included who had undergone an MRI ...
Mezo Peter G - - 2012
Although there is an abundance of research linking stress and rumination to depression in women, little is known with respect to the role stress plays in the relationship between rumination and depression. Moreover, the role of stress in the rumination-depression relationship has not been previously investigated separately in women. In ...
Glait-Santar Chen - - 2012
The relationships between cancer cells and the microenvironment play a critical role in cancer growth and development. The bone stroma consists of mesenchymal stem cells and mature osteoblasts that promote cancer growth. Yet it is not completely understood what are the molecular processes guiding cancer cells progression to the bone. ...
Bracken Matthew E S - - 2012
Ecology Letters (2012) ABSTRACT: Predicting the consequences of changes in biodiversity requires understanding both species' susceptibility to extirpation and their functional roles in ecosystems. However, few studies have evaluated the effects of realistic, non-random biodiversity losses, severely limiting the applicability of biodiversity research to conservation. Here, we removed sessile species ...
Villarejo Cynthia - - 2012
The aims of our study were to examine the lifetime prevalence of obesity rate in eating disorders (ED) subtypes and to examine whether there have been temporal changes among the last 10 years and to explore clinical differences between ED with and without lifetime obesity. Participants were 1383 ED female ...
Wang Zhihua - - 2012
In this study, Mg-Al-carbonate layered double hydroxides (denoted as Mg-Al-CO(3) LDHs) were found to catalyze the chemiluminescence (CL) emission from peroxynitrous acid (ONOOH). The enhanced CL signals resulted from the concentration of peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) onto the LDHs surface by electrostatic attraction, meaning that ONOO(-) can interact with the intercalated carbonate ...
Kwon Oh-Woong - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal ranibizumab 0.5 mg in South Korean and Taiwanese patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: This was a 12-month, open-label, single-arm, multi-center, phase III study. Ninety-five patients (Taiwanese: 51; South ...
Landeck Lilla - - 2012
Background. The warm und humid environment, friction and occlusion within shoes make the feet to a favorable body site to acquire allergic contact dermatitis. Objectives. To evaluate and compare patch test results in patients with suspected contact allergy of the feet with the results in those with concomitant involvement of ...
Guo Wei - - 2012
PROBLEM: Uterine natural killer cells (uNK) do not express progesterone receptor, but express glucocorticoid receptor (GR). So, we speculate that progesterone may regulate uNK cells through a GR-mediated process. METHOD OF STUDY: After mouse NK cells were stimulated with CpG with or without IL-12 in the presence or absence pre-treatment ...
Calka O - - 2013
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is rare, life-threatening skin disorder that usually is caused by an adverse drug reaction. The exact pathogenesis of TEN is still unknown. Many treatments including prednisolone, cyclosporine and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) can be used to halt the disease process. We present a 12-year-old girl with epilepsy ...
Pinto Bruno - - 2012
The history of the establishment and management philosophies of the mainland Portuguese Protected Areas was reconstructed through the use of written records and oral history interviews. The objectives were to review the main philosophies in the creation and management of these areas, to assess the influence of international PA models, ...
Schulkind Matthew - - 2012
Research on autobiographical narratives consistently demonstrates that whereas women's narratives emphasize evaluative information, men's narratives are factually oriented. These narrative differences might reflect gender differences in either the autobiographical knowledge base or the way information from the knowledge base is selected when a narrative is constructed. The present experiment evaluated ...
Khan Ikhtiar - - 2012
The global average temperature has witnessed a steady increase during the second half of the twentieth century and the trend is continuing. Carbon dioxide, a major green house gas is piling up in the atmosphere and besides causing global warming, is expected to alter the physico-chemical composition of plants. The ...
Sin Jeong-Im - - 2012
Intratumoral electroporation (IT-EP) with IL-12 cDNA (IT-EP/IL12) can lead to the eradication of established B16 melanoma tumors in mice. Here, we explore the immunological mechanism of the antitumor effects generated by this therapy. The results show that IT-EP/IL12 applied only once resulted in eradication in 70% animals with large established ...
D Beaman Kenneth - - 2012
Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion of Immunological Origin (RSAI) is currently diagnosed by the occurrence of 2-3 consecutive miscarriages of unknown origin. The psychological trauma incurred by these events is a serious ailment which may be potentially avoided if a method of analysis is derived which may forecast these events and in ...
Etoh Tomomaro - - 2012
We report a rare case of adenomyoma localized only in the left fallopian tube mimicking tubal malignant tumor. A 45-year-old woman presented with mild pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea and left adnexal mass. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a solid tumor, suspected primary cancer of the fallopian tube, and serum carbohydrate antigen 125 ...
Adami Silvia - - 2012
Defining innovation in pharmacotherapy is complex because general definitions cannot be easily adapted to the specificity of different therapeutic areas. The Italian Society of Hospital Pharmacists has developed a position paper in which three criteria are used to recognise innovation to a new intervention: (1) clinical relevance of the trial's ...
Visentini Marcella - - 2012
PURPOSE: Functionally exhausted and mostly autoreactive B-cells with a peculiar CD21(low)CD11c(+) phenotype accumulate in several human immunological disorders including common variable immunodeficiency, HIV infection and rheumatoid arthritis. In HCV-associated mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) there is accumulation of exhausted clonal B cells expressing a V(H)1-69-encoded cross-reactive idiotype; these cells are phenotypically heterogeneous, ...
Fang Carolyn Y CY Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Robert C. Young Pavilion, 4th Floor, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111, USA. - - 2013
Accumulating data suggest that depression is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, but few studies have investigated potential behavioral mediators of such associations, particularly among women. In this study of healthy young adult women (n = 225), we examined associations among depressive symptoms, health behaviors, and serum lipid levels. Depressive symptoms ...
Imberton Gracia - - 2012
According to ethnographic material collected since 2003, the Chol Mayan indigenous people in southern Mexico have different causal explanations for suicide. It can be attributed to witchcraft that forces victims to take their lives against their own will, to excessive drinking, or to fate determined by God. However, it can ...
Plunkett Robyn - - 2012
PLUNKETT R, LEIPERT BD and RAY SL. Nursing Inquiry 2012 [Epub ahead of print] Unspoken phenomena: using the photovoice method to enrich phenomenological inquiry Photovoice is a powerful method that is gaining momentum in nursing research. As a relatively new method in nursing science, the situatedness of photovoice within or ...
Chishimba Livingstone L Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2012
Rationale and objectives. Severe asthma with fungal sensitization (SAFS) and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) are progressive allergic fungal lung diseases whose effective treatment remains to be established. Current treatment with itraconazole is associated with a 40% failure rate and adverse events (AEs). We assessed the effect of voriconazole or posaconazole ...
Schäfer Matthias - - 2012
The skin provides an efficient permeability barrier and protects from microbial invasion and oxidative stress. Here, we show that these essential functions are linked through the Nrf2 transcription factor. To test the hypothesis that activation of Nrf2 provides skin protection under stress conditions, we determined the consequences of pharmacological or ...
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