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Results 301 - 350 of 2657
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Vachiéry J-L - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rapidly progressive disease, ultimately leading to right heart failure and death. Accumulating evidence indicates that intervention early in disease progression results in better outcomes than delaying treatment. In this review we will discuss the assessments and strategies that can be used to monitor disease ...
Keil Robert - - 2012
It is experimentally demonstrated that perfect imaging is possible in disordered wave guiding media, provided that the disorder is off-diagonal, i.e., that only the spacing varies randomly between the otherwise identical lattice sites. On-diagonal disorder or Kerr nonlinearity destroys the imaging.
Qiu Sun-Jie - - 2012
We fabricate a simple, compact, and stable temperature sensor based on a liquid-sealed photonic crystal fiber (PCF) in-line nonpolarimetric modal interferometer. Different from other reported PCF devices, it does not need expensive polarimetric devices, and the liquid is sealed in one fiber. The device consists of a stub of isopropanol-filled ...
Gordon Reuven - - 2012
Perfect lensing using negative refractive index materials and radiationless electromagnetic interference both provides extreme subwavelength focusing by "amplifying" evanescent wave components that are usually lost. This Letter provides a relation between the achievable focus spot size, the amplification available, and the focal length. This may be considered as a revised ...
Singh Rakesh Kumar - - 2012
A new technique, referred to as Stokes holography, is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for controlled synthesis of generalized Stokes parameters in 3D space using Stokes fringes. Stokes fringes are polarization fringes which permit to record and reconstruct complete wavefront. Full use of Stokes fringes in a single step is realized ...
Macallister William S - - 2012
Multiple Sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune mediated disease of the central nervous system, has historically been considered a disease of young adulthood. However, there has been increasing recognition that the disease can occur in adolescence and even early childhood and recent years have witnessed a surge of studies documenting the clinical ...
Walsh Colin A - - 2012
Objective: Selective fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (SFLP) is now the treatment of choice for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). The incidence of recurrent TTTS following SFLP has been inconsistently reported across different studies. We performed a systematic review of TTTS recurrence following SFLP. Methods: Pubmed and Medline online databases were searched for ...
Tamosiunas M - - 2012
Cell sonoporation enables the delivery of various exogenous molecules into the cells. To maximize the percentage of reversibly sonoporated cells and to increase cell viability we propose a model for implicit dosimetry for adjustment of ultrasound (US) exposure duration. The Chinese hamster ovary cell suspension was supplemented with microbubbles (MB) ...
Gerber Priscilla F - - 2012
Vaccinia virus (VACV) has been associated with zoonotic exanthemic outbreaks affecting bovids and human beings, with significant public health and economic impacts. Rapid and reliable diagnostic methods are needed to detect and epidemiologically monitor antibodies to VACV. The current study describes the development of an immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (IPMA) for ...
Li G - - 2012
We demonstrate trapping and quantum state control of single cesium atoms in a 532 nm wavelength bottle beam trap. The three-dimensional trap is formed by crossing two unit charge vortex beams. Single atoms are loaded with 50% probability directly from a magneto-optical trap. We achieve a trapping lifetime of up ...
Požar Tomaž - - 2012
We show that fiber-delivered, pulsed laser propulsion of glass microspheres, as observed in a recent Letter [Opt. Lett.36, 1996 (2011).], due to only radiation pressure cannot explain the measured maximum velocity of microspheres. Our considerations, based on the reported results, indicate that the main momentum transfer mechanism is due to ...
Bufalari A - - 2012
Eighteen client-owned dogs undergoing Tibial Plateau Leveling Osteotomy (TPLO) were included in this blinded clinical study and randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups. Group C (carprofen) received intravenous (IV) carprofen, 4mg/kg, prior to anesthesia, whereas group P (placebo) received IV saline. General anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in ...
Lin Yinghua - - 2012
Background: Little is known about the prevalence and cardiovascular risk factors for prehypertension and hypertension in the She ethnic minority population of Fujian province in China. Methods and Results: Between April 2009 and September 2009, 5,523 participants of She nationality aged between 20 and 80 years participated in this survey ...
Bernardi Luca - - 2012
Several small organic molecule catalysts are reminiscent of natural enzymes in their mode of action and substrate interaction/activation. This striking similarity has been a great source of inspiration for the development of new organocatalytic asymmetric processes. A few representative examples, mostly dealing with catalysts interacting through multiple hydrogen-bonds (synthetic oxyanion ...
Santos Carmen García Y - - 2012
Enzootic calcinosis was diagnosed in sheep in Uruguay in pastures containing the plant Nierembergia rivularis. In a flock of 200 sheep, 20 were affected and 12 died. Clinical signs were anorexia, weight loss followed by cachexia, stiffness, and kyphosis. At necropsy and histologic examination, mineral deposits were observed on the ...
Egawa Mari - - 2012
Alkyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acids (parabens), an endocrine disrupter, are used as preservatives in cosmetics and foods. In this study, to understand the relationship between parabens and differentiation in infants, the effects of parabens on apoptosis induced by serum deprivation in PC12 cells were investigated. In addition, apoptosis-related factors were ...
Gobin Robyn L - - 2012
Betrayal trauma theory suggests that social and cognitive development may be affected by early trauma such that individuals develop survival strategies, particularly dissociation and lack of betrayal awareness, that may place them at risk for further victimization. Several experiences of victimization in the context of relationships predicated on trust and ...
Banas Tomasz - - 2012
Background: Human endometrium undergoes cyclic structural and functional modifications, and if no conception occurs menstruation is observed as the result of endometrial cell apoptosis via DFF40/DFF45 complex activation. In postmenopausal endometrium, the proliferative potential of endometrial cells is decreased, while their susceptibility to apoptosis increases. Methods: The study group comprised ...
Chmielewski M - - 2012
A majority of cancer deaths are because of an uncontrolled relapse of the disease despite initial remission after therapy, asking for strategies to control tumour cells in the long term. Adoptive therapy with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-redirected T cells showed promising success in primary tumour elimination; the capacity of such ...
Huang Aisheng - - 2012
Sandwich-structured composite zeolite membranes with enhanced hydrogen selectivity were prepared on porous α-Al(2)O(3) supports by using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane as an interlayer.
Marín-Teva José L - - 2012
Microglia, the brain's innate immune cell type, are cells of mesodermal origin that populate the central nervous system (CNS) during development. Undifferentiated microglia, also called ameboid microglia, have the ability to proliferate, phagocytose apoptotic cells and migrate long distances toward their final destinations throughout all CNS regions, where they acquire ...
Nicoletti Marcello - - 2012
The essential oil of the 'resurrection plant' Myrothamnus moschatus (Baillon) Niedenzu endemic to Madagascar, where it is used in traditional medicine, was investigated for the first time for some biological activities. GC-FID and GC-MS analyses revealed trans-pinocarveol (35.6%), pinocarvone (20.0%), β-selinene (8.5%) and perillyl acetate (6.0%) as the major essential ...
Swami Viren - - 2012
Previous work has suggested that ethnic minority women have more negative attitudes to cosmetic surgery than British Whites, but reasons for this are not fully understood. To overcome this dearth in the literature, the present study asked 250 British Asian and 250 African Caribbean university students to complete measures of ...
Brassai László - - 2012
Understanding how adolescents achieve meaning in life has important implications for their psychological development. A social cognitive model of meaning development was tested by assessing psychological (self-efficacy, self-regulation and social comparison) and parental (parental responsiveness, demandingness, and social support) variables in a sample of 1944 adolescents (aged 15-19 years; 47.8% ...
Chang Chia-Chi - - 2012
A silicon on insulator (SOI)-based trapezoidal waveguide with a 45° reflector for noncoplanar optical interconnect is demonstrated. The proposed waveguide is fabricated on an orientation-defined (100) SOI substrate by using a single-step anisotropic wet-etching process. The optical performances of proposed waveguides are numerically and experimentally studied. Transmittance of -4.51  dB, alignment ...
Robles-Vargas Daniel - - 2012
Wastewater discharges into freshwater bodies represent a serious ecological problem worldwide. In underdeveloped and developing countries wastewater treatment plants (WTP) only count with basic treatment, leading to the pollution of important aquatic reservoirs causing critical situations. In the present work, a one year evaluation of toxicity and main physical and ...
van Dalfsen K - - 2012
Laser experiments were performed on buried, ridge-type channel waveguides in an 8 at. % thulium-doped, yttrium-gadolinium-lutetium codoped monoclinic double tungstate. A maximum slope efficiency of 70% and output powers up to 300 mW about 2.0 μm were obtained in a mirrorless laser resonator, by pumping with a Ti:sapphire laser near 800 ...
Wu Yuquan - - 2012
BackgroundPreeclampsia is a serious pregnancy complication. Gestational hypertension is a common first clinical presentation of preeclampsia. Little is known about which clinical risk factors are associated with the progression from gestational hypertension to preeclampsia.MethodsIn a retrospective cohort study of 249 singleton pregnant women with an initial presentation of gestational hypertension ...
Mammarella Irene C - - 2012
Visuospatial working memory (VSWM) and intuitive geometry were examined in two groups aged 11-13, one with children displaying symptoms of nonverbal learning disability (NLD; n = 16), and the other, a control group without learning disabilities (n = 16). The two groups were matched for general verbal abilities, age, gender, and socioeconomic level. The ...
Richards Helen J - - 2012
The current study explored the proposition that anxiety is associated with impaired inhibition of threat. Using a modified version of the remote distractor paradigm, we considered whether this impairment is related to attentional capture by threat, difficulties disengaging from threat presented within foveal vision, or difficulties orienting to task-relevant stimuli ...
Marcolino Milena Soriano - - 2012
Objectives: To determine the risk of short- and long-term mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS) in the contemporary practice of primary percutaneous coronary intervention with stenting. Methods: Of the 1,755 consecutive AMI patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with ...
Minagawa Yukihisa - - 2012
Aim: To evaluate the feasibility of biweekly paclitaxel treatment as maintenance chemotherapy for patients with advanced müllerian carcinoma. Methods: Thirty patients with stage III or IV ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal cancers who underwent primary optimal surgery and standard 6 cycles of carboplatin/taxane-based chemotherapy and exhibited a complete clinical response ...
Trigg Richard - - 2012
ABSTRACTBackground: Attitudes to aging have not previously been assessed in people with dementia. The possession of positive life attitudes into older age has the potential to induce resilience to health changes and may explain the discrepancy between self-reported and proxy ratings of quality of life (QoL). The aim of this ...
Serxner Seth - - 2012
To compare changes in medical costs between participants and nonparticipants in five different health and productivity management (HPM) programs. Quasi-experimental pre/post intervention study. A large financial services corporation. A cohort population of employees enrolled in medical plans (n  =  49,723) [corrected]. A comprehensive HPM program, which addressed health risks, acute ...
Zhang Guoqiang - - 2012
A postcompensation technique for nonlinearity of a Mach-Zehnder modulator in a radio-over-fiber (ROF) system is proposed and experimentally demonstrated based on second-order optical sideband processing and optical carrier band attenuation. The phase of the second-order optical sideband is shifted to suppress the third-order intermodulation distortion (IMD3) in a direct detection ...
Liu Qiming - - 2012
Optical second harmonic generation (SHG) with second-order nonlinearity χ<sup>(2)</sup> as high as 2.1  pm/V has been achieved in water quenched PbO-B<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> glasses. No nonlinear depletion layer or microcrystals were observed in these glasses and the mechanism for nonlinearity has been explored in this Letter. Our results show that the possible mechanism ...
Lahiri Mayukh - - 2012
In practical situations, one often generates a beam by superposition of two or more light beams. The beam generated by superposition displays, in general, different spectral properties than do the original beams. However, there are some optical beams, called cross-spectrally pure beams, which can generate a light beam of identical ...
Vilaplana Vicente Escudero - - 2012
Very little has been published on the use of romiplostim to treat primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), refractory to previous treatments, in children. The objective of this study was to determine its efficacy and safety in pediatric patients in a university general hospital. Retrospective, longitudinal observational study of pediatric patients on ...
Liedberg Fredrik - - 2012
Abstract Recurrence after radical prostatectomy occurs most frequently during the first 5 years after surgery. Later recurrences have, however, been described. This report describes a case with local recurrence 23 years after radical prostatectomy.
Dutrillaux A-M - - 2012
The aim of this study was the identification of the ancestral location of the nucleolus organizer region (NOR) in the Scarabaeoidea superfamily, and its evolutive trends in the karyotypes. For this purpose, the mitotic and meiotic chromosomes at pachynema of 82 species belonging to 4 families and 8 subfamilies, including ...
Sureshkumar Kalathil K - - 2012
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) following renal transplantation is less responsive to conventional anti-rejection therapies. Plasmapheresis (PP), intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) and rituximab deplete immature B-cells but not mature plasma cells. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has activity against mature plasma cell, the source of damaging donor-specific antibody (DSA).We present ...
Iregui Carlos A - - 2012
The histological lesions caused by Edwardsiella tarda in a variety of fish species, including tilapia, have been well characterized. There are apparent differences in the type of inflammatory response manifested by these different species, which may be due to the fish species itself, the phase of infection, or the virulence ...
Pochop Jaroslav - - 2012
The aim of this study was to follow contamination of ready-to-eat food with Listeria monocytogenes by using the Step One real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We used the PrepSEQ Rapid Spin Sample Preparation Kit for isolation of DNA and MicroSEQ® Listeria monocytogenes Detection Kit for the real-time PCR performance. ...
Doonan Francesca - - 2012
Retinal degenerations cover a broad spectrum of diseases, retinitis pigmentosa being the most common inherited retinal degeneration. It remains an untreatable disorder, partly owing to its genetic complexity and variability. Gene therapies, stem cell transplantation and administration of slow release growth factors are some of the treatments currently under development ...
- - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. 700 in vol. 126, PMID: 21886330.].
Li Yibiao - - 2012
The palladium-catalyzed and CsF-promoted annulation reaction of bromoalkynes and isocyanides regioselectively affords a diverse set of 5-iminopyrrolone derivatives. This chemistry presumably proceeds through the bromoacrylamide intermediates, which can be readily prepared from the nucleophilic addition reaction of isocyanides to bromoalkynes in the presence of CsF.
Zheng Haoquan - - 2012
A biodegradable mesoporous chitosan-silica hybrid has been synthesized by self-assembly of non-toxic F127 Pluronic non-ionic surfactant, biodegradable chitosan and silica source through a real liquid-crystal templating route. On the basis of these biodegradable hybrids, we developed a facile one-pot pH-responsive drug delivery system relying on the coordinate bonding of a ...
Jourde-Chiche Noémie - - 2012
Background: Proliferative glomerulonephritis includes various glomerular lesions in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) that might have distinct pathogenic mechanisms. The aim of the study was to determine whether anti-C1q antibodies, which are associated with lupus nephritis, were specifically associated with given glomerular histopathological lesions. Methods: The presence and titer ...
Giacino Joseph T - - 2012
Amantadine hydrochloride is one of the most commonly prescribed medications for patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness after traumatic brain injury. Preliminary studies have suggested that amantadine may promote functional recovery. We enrolled 184 patients who were in a vegetative or minimally conscious state 4 to 16 weeks after traumatic ...
Miri Mohammad-Ali - - 2012
By exploiting recent developments associated with parity-time (PT) symmetry in optics, we here propose a new avenue in realizing single-mode large area laser amplifiers. This can be accomplished by utilizing the abrupt symmetry breaking transition that allows the fundamental mode to experience gain while keeping all the higher order modes ...
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