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Wang Chaofan - - 2012
A model is reported that describes a bidirectional homogeneously broadened index-antiguided (IAG) slab laser having arbitrary single-pass gain and distributed losses. Maximum extraction efficiency and corresponding optimum output coupling are determined for various values of unsaturated gain and loss per pass. A method is proposed to determine the intrinsic laser ...
Todorović Biljana - - 2012
In vitro antibacterial activity tests of seven biofungicides (Ekstrasol, Bisolbisan, Bisolbifit, Serenade, Sonata, Timorex, F-Stop) and two disinfectants (colloidal silver alone and in combination with hydrogen peroxide) against the Pseudomonas tolaasii strain (NS3B6) were carried out by the disc-diffusion, broth microdilution and broth macrodilution method. Biofungicides tested in this study ...
Wong Frank Y - - 2012
We examined reasons for and barriers to participating in HIV voluntary counseling and testing for Asian/Pacific Islander (A/PI) men who have sex with men (MSM) in the U.S. We collected data between June 2007 and September 2009 in a study known as Men of Asia Testing for HIV, using a ...
Mickevičienė Aušra - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in Lithuania. Quality of life (QoL) assessment plays a key role in the evaluation and treatment of cancer patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors affecting the QoL of patients with prostate cancer in Lithuania. Material ...
Qian Shan - - 2012
Sequential biomimetic elaborations, featured by CrO(3)-mediated oxidative lactonization, and DDQ-involved oxidative enol-lactonization, ensured the concise total synthesis of (+)-chloranthalactone F.
Kuhnert Nikolai - - 2012
Caramel is one of mankind's best known dietary materials obtained from carbohydrates by heating. Much effort has been expended towards the chemical characterization of the components of caramel, however, impeded by a lack of suitable analytical techniques sufficiently powerful for providing insight into an extraordinarily complex material. Here we report ...
Zhang Yaohua - - 2012
The lack of a specific marker differentiating early mycosis fungoides (eMF) from benign inflammatory dermatitis presents significant difficulties in the assessment and management of suspected MF patients, which often leads to delayed diagnosis and improper medical approaches. To address this, an investigation was carried out to characterize positive identification markers ...
Pei Xiao-Hua - - 2012
Abstract Objective. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of a selection of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimating equations based on serum creatinine (SCr) and serum cystatin C in a Chinese population. Material and methods. Estimated GFR values from 10 equations were compared with reference GFR (rGFR) from the (99m)Tc-DTPA ...
Li Gai-Li - - 2012
An efficient approach for modular assembly of multifunctional bioconjugates from oligosaccharides, peptides and proteins with fluorescent probes/affinity tags based on Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) reaction in aqueous medium has been developed.
Iversen Helene - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate feasibility of Ultrasound-guided Radio Frequency Ablation (U-gRFA) for treatment of women with symptomatic uterine fibroids in relation to volume of fibroid. Methods: Forty-three women with symptomatic fibroids underwent U-gRFA treatment for uterine fibroids. Improvement of fibroid symptoms and quality of life was measured by The Uterine Fibroid ...
Stigi Kathleen A - - 2012
We surveyed laboratories in Washington State, USA, and found that increased use of Shiga toxin assays correlated with increased reported incidence of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infections during 2005-2010. Despite increased assay use, only half of processed stool specimens underwent Shiga toxin testing during 2010, suggesting substantial underdetection ...
Kim N H - - 2012
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a form of pulmonary hypertension caused by obstruction and vascular remodelling of pulmonary arteries following pulmonary embolism. Risk factors that predispose patients to CTEPH include the size of the initial thrombus and numerous associated host or medical conditions. Haemostatic risk factors include elevated levels ...
Bačeva Katerina - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to establish the atmospheric deposition of various elements in the Kavadarci region, Republic of Macedonia (known for its ferronickel mining and metallurgical activities) using moss biomonitoring, and to determine whether the deposition is anthropogenic or from geogenic influences. The sampling network includes 31 moss ...
Braun U - - 2012
A five-year-old Brown Swiss bull was referred to the Department of Farm Animals, University of Zurich, because of bilateral epiphora that was unresponsive to treatment. Clinical examination revealed a fistulous opening medial to the medial canthus of both eyes and mucopurulent discharge from both openings. Attempts to flush the nasolacrimal ...
Espie Colin A - - 2012
Insomnia is a common disorder, yet its proposed behavioral phenotypes are seldom differentiated. Two consecutive studies were designed to investigate psychologic characteristics and treatment preferences of people with idiopathic insomnia (IdI) relative to psychophysiologic insomnia (PI). Cross-sectional, two-group comparison studies. Specialized sleep research center. 40 participants (29 female, mean age ...
McGill Mitchell R - - 2012
Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is the predominant cause of acute liver failure in the United States. Toxicity begins with a reactive metabolite that binds to proteins. In rodents, this leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and nuclear DNA fragmentation, resulting in necrotic cell death. While APAP metabolism is similar in humans, the later ...
Danner Sandra - - 2012
Vascularization is a key process in tissue engineering and regeneration and represents one of the most important issues in the field of regenerative medicine. Thus, several strategies to improve vascularization are currently under clinical evaluation. In this study, stem cells derived from human sweat glands were isolated, characterized, seeded in ...
Sureshkumar Kalathil K - - 2012
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) following renal transplantation is less responsive to conventional anti-rejection therapies. Plasmapheresis (PP), intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) and rituximab deplete immature B-cells but not mature plasma cells. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has activity against mature plasma cell, the source of damaging donor-specific antibody (DSA).We present ...
Iregui Carlos A - - 2012
The histological lesions caused by Edwardsiella tarda in a variety of fish species, including tilapia, have been well characterized. There are apparent differences in the type of inflammatory response manifested by these different species, which may be due to the fish species itself, the phase of infection, or the virulence ...
Pochop Jaroslav - - 2012
The aim of this study was to follow contamination of ready-to-eat food with Listeria monocytogenes by using the Step One real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We used the PrepSEQ Rapid Spin Sample Preparation Kit for isolation of DNA and MicroSEQ® Listeria monocytogenes Detection Kit for the real-time PCR performance. ...
Subhash Hrebesh M - - 2012
We describe a functional imaging paradigm that uses photothermal optical coherence tomography (PT-OCT) to detect indocyanine green (ICG)-encapsulated biocompatible poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) nanoparticles embedded in highly scattering tissue phantoms with high resolution and sensitivity. The ICG-loaded PLGA nanoparticles were fabricated using a modified emulsification solvent diffusion method. With a 20 ...
Ayala Carma - - 2012
We examined the prevalence of actions taken to control blood pressure as measured by taking antihypertensive medication or making lifestyle modifications among hypertensive adults residing along the Texas/Mexico border. We used self-reported data from the 2007 Texas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, with oversampling of border counties. We calculated the ...
Doonan Francesca - - 2012
Retinal degenerations cover a broad spectrum of diseases, retinitis pigmentosa being the most common inherited retinal degeneration. It remains an untreatable disorder, partly owing to its genetic complexity and variability. Gene therapies, stem cell transplantation and administration of slow release growth factors are some of the treatments currently under development ...
- - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. 700 in vol. 126, PMID: 21886330.].
Angel Kristin - - 2012
Premature arterial stiffening and atherosclerosis are increased in patients with inflammatory arthropathies such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The proinflammatory protein calprotectin is associated with inflammatory arthropathies, vascular pathology, and acute coronary events. We examined the long-term effects of treatment with tumor necrosis factor ...
Li Yibiao - - 2012
The palladium-catalyzed and CsF-promoted annulation reaction of bromoalkynes and isocyanides regioselectively affords a diverse set of 5-iminopyrrolone derivatives. This chemistry presumably proceeds through the bromoacrylamide intermediates, which can be readily prepared from the nucleophilic addition reaction of isocyanides to bromoalkynes in the presence of CsF.
Zheng Haoquan - - 2012
A biodegradable mesoporous chitosan-silica hybrid has been synthesized by self-assembly of non-toxic F127 Pluronic non-ionic surfactant, biodegradable chitosan and silica source through a real liquid-crystal templating route. On the basis of these biodegradable hybrids, we developed a facile one-pot pH-responsive drug delivery system relying on the coordinate bonding of a ...
Crump Byron C - - 2012
Microbes are transported in hydrological networks through many environments, but the nature and dynamics of underlying microbial metacommunities and the impact of downslope inoculation on patterns of microbial diversity across landscapes are unknown. Pyrosequencing of small subunit ribosomal RNA gene hypervariable regions to characterize microbial communities along a hydrological continuum ...
Lee Rebecca E - - 2012
Abstract Purpose . To determine the effects and mediating factors of a physical activity (PA) or vegetable and fruit (VF) group cohesion intervention. Design . Longitudinal design. Setting . Harris County and Travis County, Texas. Participants . Community-dwelling African-American and Hispanic or Latina women. Intervention . Three hundred ten women ...
Peacock Anna C - - 2012
Numerical simulations are used to investigate soliton compression in silicon core optical fibers at 2.3 μm in the mid-infrared waveguide regime. Compression in both standard silicon fibers and fiber tapers is compared to establish the relative compression ratios for a range of input pulse conditions. The results show that tapered ...
Pal Sandipan - - 2012
Histopathological alterations in gill, liver and kidney of common carp, Cyprinus carpio, intoxicated with sub-lethal concentrations of chlorpyrifos (O,O,-diethyl-O-3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl phosphorothioate) pesticide (1 and 100 μg/L) for a period of 14 days were analyzed under light microscope. Gill exhibited hyperplasia and hypertrophy of gill epithelium, blood congestion, dilation of marginal channel, ...
Kwek Serena S SS Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco CA 94143-0511, - - 2012
Although cancer cells can be immunogenic, tumour progression is associated with the evasion of immunosurveillance, the promotion of tumour tolerance and even the production of pro-tumorigenic factors by immune cells. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) represents a crucial immune checkpoint, the blockade of which can potentiate anti-tumour immunity. CTLA4-blocking ...
Datta-Mannan Amita - - 2012
Engineering monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with improved binding to the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) is a strategy that can extend their in vivo half-life and slow their systemic clearance. Published reports have predominantly characterized the pharmacokinetics of mAbs after intravenous administration. Recently, studies in mice suggest FcRn may also play a ...
Krantz Oskar - - 2012
Purpose: This theoretical article proposes a framework of understanding a user perspective of assistive devices utilisation in everyday life. Method: Utilising the MPT model (Matching Person and Technology) and the ValMO model (Values and Meaning in Human Occupations), a framework of understanding is proposed. Results: Main components are person, assistive ...
Adak Totan - - 2012
Amphiphilic copolymers, synthesized from poly (ethylene glycols) and various aliphatic diacids, which self assemble into nano-micellar aggregates in aqueous media, were used to develop controlled release (CR) formulations of imidacloprid [1-(6 chloro-3-pyridinyl methyl)-N- nitro imidazolidin-2- ylideneamine] using encapsulation technique. High solubilisation power and low critical micelle concentration (CMC) of these ...
Johnson Jayme - - 2012
The digital age has brought both technical advances and ethical quandaries regarding data acquisition and image presentation in the field of cell biology. Image manipulation has drawn considerable attention in the past decade, leading to general guidelines for ethical data processing. However, effective methods of image presentation have been discussed ...
Lv Yang - - 2012
A spin polarization separation of reflected light is observed, when a linearly polarized Gaussian beam impinges on an air-glass interface at Brewster angle. In the far-field zone, spins of photons are oppositely polarized in two regions along the direction perpendicular to incident plane. Spatial scale of this polarization is related ...
Powell Krista - - 2012
In October 2008, pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) was diagnosed in a driver who had transported 762 passengers in the District of Columbia metropolitan area during his infectious period. A passenger contact investigation was conducted by the six public health jurisdictions because of concern that some passengers might be infected with HIV ...
Pépin J L - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome has been recognized as a major public health problem. Both its cardiovascular and metabolic comorbidities and symptoms motivate for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The main stimulus associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and explaining deleterious consequences is intermittent hypoxia. The upper airway resistance syndrome ...
Hotta Kikuko - - 2012
Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in the development of several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes have been identified by genome-wide association studies. To examine the association of type 2 diabetes susceptibility ...
Jin Hong - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of aerobic cycling training with lower limb weights on cardiovascular fitness (peak VO(2)) and walking ability in chronic stroke survivors, and to investigate the relationship between changes in these parameters. Methods: 133 Chinese patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke (mean age 58 years) were randomized to ...
O'Neal Seth E - - 2012
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a disease caused by central nervous system infection by the larval stage of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium. In developing countries, NCC is a leading cause of adult-onset epilepsy. Case reports of NCC are increasing among refugees resettled to the United States and other nations, but the ...
McAlexander Kristen M - - 2012
Abstract Purpose . To measure the concordance of directly and indirectly measured neighborhood attributes and to determine the correlates of the concordance between directly and indirectly measured built environment attributes. Design . Environmental cross-sectional design. Setting . Urban and suburban neighborhoods within Harris County, Houston, and Travis County, Austin, Texas. ...
Johnson William R - - 2012
Newly developed, high-performance, long-wave- and mid-wave-IR Dyson spectrometers offer a compact, low-distortion, broadband, imaging spectrometer design. The design is further accentuated when coupled to microbolometer array technology. This novel coupling allows radiometric and spectral measurements of high-temperature targets. It also serves to be unique since it allows for the system ...
Yuan Yizhe - - 2012
We propose a semiconductor-graphene cylinder that can serve as a terahertz (THz) photonic crystal. In such a structure, graphene plays a role in achieving a strong mismatch of the dielectric constant at the semiconductor-graphene interface due to its two-dimensional nature and relatively low value of the dielectric constant. We find ...
Grandner Michael A - - 2012
Explore the prevalence of sleep-related complaints across age groups, examining effects of sex, general health, and depressed mood. Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Epidemiologic. Complete-case analysis included 155,877 participants who responded to questions related to Self-Reported Sleep Disturbance (SLEEPDIST) and Self-Reported Tiredness/Lack ...
Vilaró Francisca - - 2012
The juvenile hormones (JHs) have been considered the most versatile hormones in the animal kingdom. JH-II is the most abundant JH in Sesamia nonagrioides, important maize pests in the Mediterranean basin. This study compared the sensitivities and matrix effects of four ionization modes on analyzing JH-II in S. nonagrioides hemolymph ...
Tran Bach Xuan - - 2012
Abstract Understanding gender-specific predictors of Health-related Quality of Life (HRQL) outcomes of HIV/AIDS treatment is necessary in the latent feminization of HIV epidemics in Vietnam. This study assessed HRQL and its predictors among men and women with HIV/AIDS. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 155 patients (36.8% women, mean age=31.4) ...
Greenaway Emily Smith - - 2012
This paper examines the role of health knowledge in the association between mothers' education and use of maternal and child health services in Ghana. The study uses data from a nationally representative sample of female respondents to the 2008 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Ordered probit regression models evaluate whether ...
Zhang Taichang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Folic acid (FA) is essential for healthy people (reference daily intake 400 µg day(-1) ) and pregnant women (600 µg day(-1) ). Insufficient intake of FA will increase the risk of neural tube defects in newborns. In this study an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed for rapid and ...
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