Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1411
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Chapinal N - - 2012
The objective was to examine the associations of peripartum concentrations of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), and calcium with milk production in early lactation and pregnancy at the first artificial insemination (AI) across different management systems. Fifty-five Holstein freestall dairy herds located across the United States and Canada were ...
Hollmann M - - 2012
Dietary medium-chain fatty acids (C(8:0) through C(12:0)) are researched for their potential to reduce enteric methane emissions and to increase N utilization efficiency in ruminants. We aimed to 1) compare coconut oil (CNO; ∼60% medium-chain fatty acids) with a source of long-chain fatty acids (animal fat blend; AFB) on lactational ...
Thompson Carmen - - 2012
During adolescence girls become increasingly preoccupied with unrealistic ideals about body weight, often leading to dieting and unhealthy compensatory behaviours. These practices have been linked to adverse psychological, social, and health consequences. Peer-support groups offer promise in addressing risk factors for disordered eating. This study explored the effects of peer-support ...
Jeppesen Kelly M - - 2012
Objectives- Bedside sonography is a growing field of medicine, but there is little evidence about how to teach it to medical students. A peer-mentoring system may help preclinical medical students learn bedside sonography. Methods- In 2008 and 2009, participating first-year medical students completed an image recognition test at 0, 2, ...
Ogaki Kotaro K Department of Neurology, Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital, Izunokuni, - - 2012
Since serum anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody/neuromyelitis optica (NMO)-IgG has been detected as a specific biomarker for NMO), new diagnostic criteria have been proposed. Recently, a rare coexistence of NMO and myasthenia gravis (MG) has been documented. Here, we provide further evidence of the association of these 2 immunologic disorders and review ...
Miyazawa Masahisa - - 2012
We report a rare case of mediastinal mature teratoma with rupture due to blunt trauma. A 15-year-old boy had received a strong head-butt in the left upper chest wall and was admitted with the sudden onset of left-sided severe chest pain and dyspnea. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan on admission ...
Moraes L E - - 2012
The objective was to develop a linear programming model to formulate diets for dairy cattle when environmental policies are present and to examine effects of these policies on diet formulation and dairy cattle nitrogen and mineral excretions as well as methane emissions. The model was developed as a minimum cost ...
Waghorn G C - - 2012
Selection for divergence between individuals for efficiency of feed utilization (residual feed intake, RFI) has widespread application in the beef industry and is usually undertaken when animals are fed diets based on silages with grain. The objective of this research was to develop a feeding system (using Gallagher, Hamilton, New ...
Chuai Yunhai - - 2012
Recent studies show that molecular hydrogen (dihydrogen, H2) has potential as an effective and safe radioprotective agent through reducing oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate whether H2 is able to protect spermatogenesis and hematopoiesis from radiation-induced injuries. H2 was dissolved in physiological saline using an apparatus ...
Vandereycken Walter - - 2012
A limited series of community studies including non-treatment-seekers has shown that a considerable number of eating disorder patients do not enter the health care system but can be considered "clinically recovered" (remission of major symptoms) if followed up long enough. The possibility of "spontaneous recovery" (overcoming an eating disorder without ...
Nelson Thomas R - - 2012
Objectives- Precision biopsy of small lesions is essential in providing high-quality patient diagnosis and management. Localization depends on high-quality imaging. We have developed a dedicated, fully automatic volume breast ultrasound (US) imaging system for early breast cancer detection. This work focuses on development of an image-guided robotic biopsy system that ...
Swartz Andrew L - - 2012
We sought to pilot and initiate validation of a surgical drainage model. We designed a laboratory model to compare Jackson-Pratt surgical drains using 3 soups to emulate body fluids of serous, purulent, and necrotic debris. Each drain was trialed with each of the 3 fluids. Time and completeness of drainage ...
Honkanen A M - - 2012
Dietary unsaturated fatty acids are extensively hydrogenated in the rumen, resulting in the formation of numerous intermediates that may exert physiological effects and alter the fat composition of ruminant-derived foods. A batch culture method was used to characterize the hydrogenation of linoleic acid (LeA) by strained rumen fluid in vitro. ...
Kirklin James K - - 2012
We report the implantation of a HeartWare left ventricular assist device in a child. A 9-year-old girl presented in cardiogenic shock complicated by an embolic stroke. Catheter-based thrombolysis partially reversed the neurologic deficit, but worsening cardiac failure prompted consideration of mechanical circulatory support (MCS). Limited available pericardial space, anticoagulation requirements, ...
Fell Charlene D - - 2012
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fatal disease of the lung with an unknown etiology and limited treatment options. Three distinct phenotypes of IPF have been proposed: combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema, disproportionate pulmonary hypertension in IPF, and rapidly progressive IPF. Although treatment options for IPF are limited, much ...
Sorrentino Stefania - - 2012
We studied the prevalence and degree of tumor cell infiltration (TCI) in bone marrow (BM) aspirates of 89 infants with stage 4/4 S neuroblastoma and correlated them with MYCN gene status and patient outcome. TCI was scored 0, +, ++, and +++, the last corresponding to an infiltration greater than ...
Sawit Simonette T - - 2012
Left atrial appendage (LAA) contrast filling defects are commonly found in patients undergoing multidetector cardiac computed tomography (CCT) before catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Delayed CCT allows quantification of the LAA delayed/initial attenuation ratio and improves accuracy for LAA thrombus detection, which may obviate routine transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) before ablation. ...
Murphy Joan - - 2012
The World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (WHO-ICF) provides a framework that helps rehabilitation staff to take a holistic view of the patient. However, it is used predominantly by professionals rather than by active participation on behalf of the person with the disability. In addition, the ...
Gáspárdy András - - 2012
Mastitis is a persistent, inflammatory reaction of the udder tissue, which entails a decline in potassium, and is also responsible for a higher somatic cell count (SCC) and electrical conductivity (EC) of milk. The measurement of EC is an indirect, rapid method to detect subclinical mastitis from milk. The aim ...
Irwin David J - - 2012
The microtubule-binding protein, tau, is the major component of neurofibrillary inclusions characteristic of Alzheimer's disease and related neurodegenerative tauopathies. When tau fibrillizes, it undergoes abnormal post-translational modifications resulting in decreased solubility and altered microtubule-stabilizing properties. Recently, we reported that the abnormal acetylation of tau at lysine residue 280 is a ...
Elbakidze L - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine consumer willingness to pay (WTP) for animal welfare in dairy production using nonhypothetical Vickrey auctions and open-ended choice experiments. Two hundred fifteen subjects participated in experimental sessions with 4 types of dairy products (humane animal care-labeled cheese and ice cream and conventional ...
Garcia-Monaco Ricardo - - 2012
Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare vascular tumor and has a high mortality in newborns when associated with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS). In two newborns with KHE and severe KMS refractory to medical treatment, emergency embolization led to clinical improvement in the acute neonatal setting by reducing tumor volume, increasing the ...
Yang Ling - - 2012
To examine changes of chemical sensory functions in patients with dysosmia. The 272 study subjects included 98 healthy volunteers, 86 subjects with hyposmia and 88 subjects with functional anosmia. Their chemical sensory functions were examined using olfactory event-related potentials (oERPs), trigeminal event-related potentials (tERPs), T&T olfactometer and triple drop method, ...
Leacy Kim A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of food service menu type (i.e., non-select versus select) on weight restoration and eating concern for adolescent patients hospitalized with Anorexia Nervosa. Charts of 40 adolescents (mean age 13.3 +/- 2.2 years) were reviewed. Rate of weight gain was significantly increased ...
Trivedi Neha - - 2012
Objective- The purpose of this study was to determine the variation between prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of congenital cardiac lesions diagnosed by both fetal center primary physicians and fetal pediatric cardiologists at a single tertiary referral center in the United States and evaluate why cases were misdiagnosed. Methods- A retrospective ...
Moradi Babak - - 2012
The effectiveness of multidisciplinary treatment programs varies throughout the literature, and it remains controversial how therapy outcome is affected by patients' individual parameters and which treatment settings work best. We set out to examine the impact of patient variables on the effectiveness of a 3-week multidisciplinary treatment program in patients ...
Graff-Radford Jonathan J Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2012
Recently, increased attention has been paid to the association of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) with the use of immunomodulatory medications for autoimmune diseases. A 23-year-old Native American woman with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus and erosive polyarthritis treated with prednisone and etanercept presented with focal weakness, hemiataxia, diplopia, and ...
Behr Jürgen - - 2012
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) encompass a wide range of diffuse pulmonary disorders, characterized by a variable degree of inflammatory and fibrotic changes of the alveolar wall and eventually the distal bronchiolar airspaces. ILDs may occur in isolation or in association with systemic diseases. The clinical evaluation of a patient with ...
von Soosten D - - 2012
The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of trans-10,cis-12 and cis-9,trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation on body composition, mobilization or accretion of body fat and protein mass, as well as the energy metabolism of dairy cows during the first 105 d in milk (DIM). For this ...
Chung Y-H - - 2012
The objective was to determine if supplementing a dairy cow diet with an exogenous fibrolytic enzyme additive (Econase RDE; AB Vista, Marlborough, Wiltshire, UK) altered fermentation, pH, and microbial populations in the rumen or enteric methane (CH(4)) emissions. In a companion study, this enzyme additive improved efficiency of fat-corrected milk ...
Rojo-Manaute Jose Manuel - - 2012
Objectives- Trigger digit surgery can be performed by an open approach using classic open surgery, by a wide-awake approach, or by sonographically guided first annular pulley release in day surgery and office-based ambulatory settings. Our goal was to perform a turnover and economic analysis of 3 surgical models. Methods- Two ...
Gatti Giuseppe - - 2012
A 68-year-old man was referred for severe aortic regurgitation 10 years after aortic root replacement with a valved conduit containing a stented bioprosthesis that had been sutured inside of the vascular tube graft, rather than at its extremity. Because of this simple modification of the Bentall concept, replacing the prosthetic ...
Schepers Inga M - - 2012
Many studies have shown that the visual cortex of blind humans is activated in non-visual tasks. However, the electrophysiological signals underlying this cross-modal plasticity are largely unknown. Here, we characterize the neuronal population activity in the visual and auditory cortex of congenitally blind humans and sighted controls in a complex ...
Asai Satomi - - 2012
Swelling of the salivary glands is often an initial sign of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease or IgG4-related sclerosing/autoimmune disease. We encountered 2 patients with IgG4-related disease who showed swollen submandibular glands with a unique characteristic sonographic pattern. Bilateral submandibular glands of both patients were enlarged with a smooth contour. The ...
Andrade Marilia Dos Santos Mdos - - 2012
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine differences in hamstrings-to-quadriceps (H/Q) peak torque ratios evaluated at different angular velocities between men and women who participate in judo, handball or soccer. A total of 166 athletes, including 58 judokas (26 females and 32 males), 39 handball players (22 females ...
Bikhchandani Jai - - 2012
Traumatic lung hernia is a rare entity. The majority of cases reported in the literature have been treated surgically with early thoracotomy to prevent strangulation of pulmonary tissue. We report the case of a 63-year-old patient who experienced a 20-foot fall, causing multiple rib fractures with a lung hernia that ...
Eikermann-Haerter Katharina K Neurovascular Research Laboratory, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 149 13th Street, Charleston, MA 02129, USA. - - 2012
Migraine, particularly with aura, is a genetically heterogeneous disorder of ion channels, pumps or transporters associated with increased cortical excitability. Spreading depression, as one reflection of hyperexcitability, is the electrophysiological event underlying aura symptoms and a trigger for headache. Endogenous (e.g., genes and hormones) and exogenous factors (e.g., drugs) modulating ...
Carless David - - 2012
Our research into the physical activity experiences of people with severe mental illness has led us to take seriously the social and cultural environment in which physical activity is delivered. In this study, through narrative methodology, we examine service user accounts of physical activity to illuminate the characteristics of physical ...
Bortolotti Uberto - - 2012
An 82-year-old female had undergone aortic valve replacement with a 23-mm St. Jude Medical X-Cell porcine bioprosthesis (XCB), a glutaraldehyde-fixed valve subjected to a decellularization process. More than 13 years later, she required a repeated operation because of XCB structural failure. Pathologic examination of an unused XCB as control showed ...
Jones Kirk D - - 2012
Interpretation of lung biopsy specimens is an integral part in the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD). The process of evaluating a surgical lung biopsy for disease involves answering several questions. Unlike much of surgical pathology of neoplastic lung disease, arriving at the correct diagnosis in nonneoplastic lung disease often ...
Jawor P E - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to describe the associations of subclinical hypocalcemia with milk yield, and feeding, drinking, and resting behavior during the period around calving. Blood was sampled within 24h of calving and analyzed for serum total calcium. Fifteen Holstein dairy cows were classified as having subclinical hypocalcemia ...
Teller R S - - 2012
We studied the effects of damaging ears of corn in the field prior to harvest and the use of various additives on the production of selected mycotoxins, silage fermentation, and aerobic stability of whole plant corn. In experiment 1, ears of corn were undamaged or were slashed with a knife ...
Velemínský Miloš - - 2012
Childhood injury rates are monitored worldwide because they markedly affect morbidity and mortality of children. There are numerous works that point out the relationship between family socioeconomic status and injuries, where lower socioeconomic levels are linked to higher numbers of injuries. The goal of this work was to evaluate the ...
Musto Lynn - - 2012
The purpose of this research was to explore the process used by mental health nurses working with adolescents to ameliorate the experience of moral distress. Using grounded theory methodology, a substantive theory was developed to explain the process. All the incidents that led to the experience of moral distress were ...
Cetrano Enrico - - 2012
A 33-day-old neonate with transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, and intramural course of both coronary arteries underwent successful arterial switch repair. At a follow-up time of 36 months, left ventricular function and coronary arterial anatomy at angiography were normal. Optimal treatment of such rare coronary arterial abnormality ...
Kinder Brent Wayne BW Department of Medicine, Mercy Medical Associates, Batavia, OH 45103, USA. - - 2012
Traditionally, a subset of patients diagnosed as having idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis had positive results on cellular biopsies (prominent lymphoplasmacytic inflammation), bronchoalveolar lavage lymphocytosis, a clinical response to steroids, and a better long-term prognosis. On review of the lung histopathology, the lesion was characterized by varying degrees of inflammation and fibrosis. ...
Yang Roy Y - - 2012
To assess the effects of repeated placements of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) on the venous system in children. Children who underwent successful first-time PICC placements between 2005 and 2007 were retrospectively evaluated. Patient demographics, procedural data, and complications were obtained from hospital databases. Data from subsequent PICC insertions were ...
Ji-Rong Yue - - 2012
There is association between sleep quality and arterial blood pressure, but it is still unclear if the association also exists in the very elderly. We examined the individual association between sleep quality and arterial blood pressure among the very elderly. The present study analyzed data from a survey that was ...
de Tommaso Marina - - 2012
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is predominantly related to generation and persistence of central sensitization, which is an aggravating factor for chronic headaches. This review aims to examine the last 11 years of studies on FM and primary headache comorbidity, focusing on prevalence, clinical features and treatments. Chronic forms of migraine and ...
Ewertzon Mats - - 2012
Research suggests that siblings of individuals with severe mental illness are affected by the situation and that health care services seem to be inadequate in meeting their needs for support. The aim of this study is to explore how siblings of individuals with a psychotic illness, and who have participated ...
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