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Results 201 - 250 of 1411
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O'Driscoll K - - 2012
Twice-daily milking is the most common milking regimen used globally. A reduction in milking frequency to once daily, combined with a reduced feed allowance (FA), could reduce the physiological stress associated with the transition to peak milk production, and hence improve immune function. This study investigated how milking frequency and ...
Giovannoni Isabella - - 2012
We describe a child with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) of type 2 inherited as uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 2. Bile salt export pump (BSEP) deficiency is a severe, genetically determined subtype PFIC caused by mutations in ABCB11, the gene encoding a bile salt transporter protein. Clinical and pathological diagnosis ...
Blatnik Jeffrey A - - 2012
Stratification of risks of postoperative wound/mesh infection after hernia repair remains a challenge. We aimed to determine the role of a previous wound infection on surgical site infection in patients undergoing open ventral hernia repair. All patients undergoing open ventral hernia repair in a clean setting were evaluated from a ...
Dast Sandy - - 2012
Sternal chondrosarcoma is rare and often requires total or subtotal sternectomy. The authors describe the case of a 70-year-old man with sternoclavicular joint chondrosarcoma who underwent subtotal sternectomy with partial resection of the two clavicles and anterior arches of first to third right ribs. Anterior chest wall reconstruction was performed ...
Wiggans G R - - 2012
Genomic evaluations using genotypes from the Illumina Bovine3K BeadChip (3K) became available in September 2010 and were made official in December 2010. The majority of 3K-genotyped animals have been Holstein females. Approximately 5% of male 3K genotypes and between 3.7 and 13.9%, depending on registry status, of female genotypes had ...
Rivera F P - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in cattle and pigs as a possible STEC reservoir in Lima, Peru. One hundred and fourteen cattle and 112 pigs from 10 and 4 farms, respectively, were studied. Five E. coli colonies per culture ...
Wang X - - 2012
Previous studies have reported significant associations between haplotypes of the oxidized low-density lipoprotein (lectin-like) receptor 1 (OLR1) gene and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in its 3'-untranslated region with milk composition and health traits in different cattle populations. However, to provide a better estimation of the impact and size of ...
Simeonsson Rune J - - 2012
The child's interactions with persons in the proximal environment constitute the context for development of communication. Within early close relationships, the child acquires communication skills; developmental outcomes are defined by the continuous dynamic interactions of the child, the experiences provided by the family and close environment, and the use of ...
Adcock Amelia K - - 2012
: Warfarin has provided protection against cardioembolic stroke in the setting of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) for the past 60 years. Dabigatran, the first oral direct thrombin inhibitor to be approved in the United States, promises to provide the same or better stroke protection with reduced risk of intracranial hemorrhage. ...
Gáspárdy András - - 2012
Mastitis is a persistent, inflammatory reaction of the udder tissue, which entails a decline in potassium, and is also responsible for a higher somatic cell count (SCC) and electrical conductivity (EC) of milk. The measurement of EC is an indirect, rapid method to detect subclinical mastitis from milk. The aim ...
Elbakidze L - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine consumer willingness to pay (WTP) for animal welfare in dairy production using nonhypothetical Vickrey auctions and open-ended choice experiments. Two hundred fifteen subjects participated in experimental sessions with 4 types of dairy products (humane animal care-labeled cheese and ice cream and conventional ...
Garcia-Monaco Ricardo - - 2012
Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare vascular tumor and has a high mortality in newborns when associated with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS). In two newborns with KHE and severe KMS refractory to medical treatment, emergency embolization led to clinical improvement in the acute neonatal setting by reducing tumor volume, increasing the ...
Leacy Kim A - - 2012
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of food service menu type (i.e., non-select versus select) on weight restoration and eating concern for adolescent patients hospitalized with Anorexia Nervosa. Charts of 40 adolescents (mean age 13.3 +/- 2.2 years) were reviewed. Rate of weight gain was significantly increased ...
Trivedi Neha - - 2012
Objective- The purpose of this study was to determine the variation between prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of congenital cardiac lesions diagnosed by both fetal center primary physicians and fetal pediatric cardiologists at a single tertiary referral center in the United States and evaluate why cases were misdiagnosed. Methods- A retrospective ...
Moradi Babak - - 2012
The effectiveness of multidisciplinary treatment programs varies throughout the literature, and it remains controversial how therapy outcome is affected by patients' individual parameters and which treatment settings work best. We set out to examine the impact of patient variables on the effectiveness of a 3-week multidisciplinary treatment program in patients ...
Graff-Radford Jonathan - - 2012
: Recently, increased attention has been paid to the association of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) with the use of immunomodulatory medications for autoimmune diseases. : A 23-year-old Native American woman with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus and erosive polyarthritis treated with prednisone and etanercept presented with focal weakness, hemiataxia, ...
Bikhchandani Jai - - 2012
Traumatic lung hernia is a rare entity. The majority of cases reported in the literature have been treated surgically with early thoracotomy to prevent strangulation of pulmonary tissue. We report the case of a 63-year-old patient who experienced a 20-foot fall, causing multiple rib fractures with a lung hernia that ...
Carless David - - 2012
Our research into the physical activity experiences of people with severe mental illness has led us to take seriously the social and cultural environment in which physical activity is delivered. In this study, through narrative methodology, we examine service user accounts of physical activity to illuminate the characteristics of physical ...
Van Tassell J A - - 2012
Pseudomonas spp. are common gram-negative, post-pasteurization contaminants that contribute to spoilage of pasteurized dairy products. This study evaluated 5 common selective media for detecting Pseudomonas spp. in pasteurized milk. The performance of each selective medium for recovering 12 different Pseudomonas isolates (selected to represent a diversity of pasteurized milk isolates) ...
Hamidieh Amir - - 2012
The most widely accepted conditioning regimen to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation consists of total body irradiation, especially in patients affected by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In this retrospective study, we report our experience on hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 44 pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia using a non-radiation-based ...
Pless Mia - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to discuss the implementation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and the ICF version for Children and Youth (ICF-CY), within the context of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). First, the use of the ICF and the ICF-CY in AAC research ...
Dunay Miklós Pál - - 2012
In the present series of cases, 8 laparoscopic cryptorchidectomies and 4 laparoscopic ovariectomies were carried out in sedated standing horses. Sedation involved a lesser anaesthesiological risk than does general anaesthesia. As compared to laparotomic exposure, the minimally invasive laparoscopic intervention provided better visualisation, shorter operative time and faster recovery. The ...
Zoffoli Giampaolo - - 2012
Cardiac rupture is a life-threatening event that often occurs after myocardial infarction and is often associated with significant death. Pericardiocentesis provides hemodynamic short-term improvement; however, patients with cardiac rupture require an emergency operation. This report describes a new procedure used to repair left ventricle free wall rupture after myocardial infarction. ...
Liang Fei - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the functional relationship between the levels of dachshund homolog 1 (DACH1) expression and different subtypes of ovarian cancer and to investigate the possible prognostic value of DACH1 in ovarian cancer. Immunohistochemical staining was deployed to determine the protein levels of DACH1. Staining was performed on ...
Alonso-Blanco Cristina - - 2012
Recent evidence suggests that active trigger points (TrPs) in neck and shoulder muscles contribute to tension-type headache. Active TrPs within the suboccipital, upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, temporalis, superior oblique and lateral rectus muscles have been associated with chronic and episodic tension-type headache forms. It seems that the pain profile of this ...
Sigal Leonard H - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The full story of what surface markers mean about the cells on which they reside twists and turns as the days go by, with previously accepted "truth" changing in light of new findings. Such is the case with CD5, a surface marker on most murine T cells, many thymocytes, ...
Yang Na - - 2012
Abortion in dairy cattle causes considerable economic losses to the dairy industry. Aborted fetuses and samples from the corresponding aborting dams from 12 dairy herds in Beijing were tested for 9 abortifacient infectious pathogens by PCR between 2008 and 2010. From a total of 80 abortion cases collected during this ...
Zhang Ni - - 2012
The most effective way to treat the chest wall tuberculosis is to fill the residual space with a muscle flap after complete resection of the lesion. However, in some situations a muscle flap cannot be used. The greater omentum has been widely used for reconstruction and the treatment of infections. ...
Ao X - - 2012
In this study, 53 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from Xueo, a traditional fermented yak milk in the western Sichuan Plateau of China, were identified and their use in fermented milk was evaluated. All gram-positive and catalase-negative strains were divided into 6 groups at the level of 87% ...
Rey M - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to characterize the establishment of ruminal fermentation and enzymatic activities in dairy calves from birth to weaning (d 83). Six Holstein calves, immediately separated from their mother at birth, were fed colostrum for 3 d after birth, and thereafter milk replacer, starter pelleted concentrate, ...
Parsons Michael T - - 2012
Colorectal cancer (CRC) that demonstrates microsatellite instability (MSI) is caused by either germline mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations, or 'sporadic' somatic tumour MLH1 promoter methylation. MLH1 promoter methylation is reportedly correlated with tumour BRAF V600E mutation status. No systematic review has been undertaken to assess the value of BRAF V600E ...
Riley Claire - - 2012
This review will address the critical role of radiographic techniques in monitoring multiple sclerosis disease course and response to therapeutic interventions using conventional imaging. We propose an algorithm of obtaining a contrast-enhanced brain MRI 6 months after starting a disease-modifying therapy, and considering a gadolinium-enhancing lesion on that scan to ...
Lopez-Olivo Maria A - - 2012
There is no consensus on the role of preoperative cervical spine radiographs to screen for instability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to evaluate the preoperative use of cervical spine radiographs in patients with RA undergoing preoperative anesthesia assessment and to determine whether preoperative radiographic findings influenced ...
Urquia Marcelo L - - 2012
Misclassification of gestational age based on the last menstrual period (LMP) in routinely collected data creates bias in newborn birthweight and gestational age-related indicators. Common correction methods have not been evaluated. We developed a normal mixture model for use with SAS software to correct misclassification of gestational age and compare ...
Singh Karen E - - 2012
A 79-year-old patient who underwent mitral valve replacement experienced prolonged elevated central venous pressure associated with poor venous return during a cardiopulmonary bypass. After the procedure, the patient was noted to have spontaneous bleeding from the left ear. Otolaryngologic examination in the operating room showed no trauma in the exterior ...
He M - - 2012
The effect of feeding increasing levels of oleic and linoleic acid both independently and together, with or without monensin, on milk fat depression was evaluated. Fifty-six Holstein cows were blocked by parity and then were divided by milk production into 2 groups (high or low) of 14 cows each within ...
Gaily Eija - - 2012
Infantile spasms syndrome (IS) (also known as West syndrome) is an epileptic encephalopathy with a heterogeneous etiology. One of the most common specific causes is tuberous sclerosis, diagnosed in almost 10% of the affected infants. Adrenocorticotropic hormone or steroids have been the preferred treatments for IS for several decades. Clinical ...
Asil Talip - - 2012
Capsular warning syndrome is characterized by recurrent transient ischemic attacks and is caused by microthrombosis or hypoperfusion of small-sized vessels. The pathophysiological basis of this syndrome is not well understood and currently a consensus has not been reached on its optimal treatment. In this study, we present 2 cases with ...
Malik Péter - - 2012
Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) can be classified into distinct groups by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in their genomes. Only a few of these can be associated with a special attribute of the virus. Differences in the ORF30 region can determine the neuropathogenic potential, while by substitutions in the ORF68 region several ...
Nakagiri Keitaro - - 2012
We describe an isolated extracardiac unruptured acquired aneurysm in the right coronary sinus of Valsalva, which was seen in a 55-year-old woman with Marfan's syndrome. The patient underwent aortic root replacement using a reimplantation technique. Pathologic examination revealed absence of the medial elastic fiber of the aortic wall of the ...
Skoog Bengt - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis may have a non-progressive symptomatology for decades; however, it is not clear whether the disease activity may abate completely. We identified a cohort of patients, resident in Gothenburg at the time of disease onset, between the years 1950-64 (n = 307). These geographical and temporal restrictions, along with ...
Paek Jiheum - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare surgical outcomes of 2-port access (TPA) and conventional laparoscopy in staging operations for endometrial cancer. The ultimate goal of TPA system was to perform proper cancer operation with less invasive access and to complement technical limitations of minimally invasive surgery. The TPA ...
Yildiz N - - 2012
Controlling bacterial growth in fluid milk is of economic interest, and supplemental methods to stop or reduce bacterial growth before and during the cooling chain may be valuable. Silver is effective in controlling growth of single-celled organisms, but has no effect on tissue cells. Smaller diameter (6-8nm) silver nanoparticles were ...
Machado V S - - 2012
The objectives were (1) to evaluate the association of uterine lavage sample optical density (ULSOD) with uterine health, and (2) to estimate and evaluate a threshold value that will maximize the accuracy of ULSOD as a diagnostic tool for clinical endometritis. The study enrolled 1,742 cows from 3 dairy farms ...
Yunus Muhammad B - - 2012
The 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria for fibromyalgia/fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) has 2 components: (a) widespread pain (WSP) and (b) presence of 11 or more tender points (TP) among possible 18 sites. Some clinic patients fulfill 1 component but not the other. We have considered these patients to ...
Najjar Souhel - - 2012
: Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) is the rate-limiting enzyme converting glutamate into γ-aminobutyric acid. Impaired GAD function can alter motor, cognitive, and behavioral function. Anti-GAD antibodies (GADAbs) can cause several neurological disorders. However, the association between anti-GADAbs and pure psychosis, without seizures or focal neurological deficits, is not well defined. ...
Lehmann Sven - - 2012
Extended criteria donors, non-heart-beating donors (NHBD), and living donation are options to overcome the organ shortage for lung transplantation (LTx). However little is known about the impact of the donor lung on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), which often leads to high mortality rates. Recipient pigs (N = 32) were divided equally ...
Russo Frank A - - 2012
: This study was designed to examine whether age-related differences in melodic pitch perception may be mediated by temporal processing. Temporal models of pitch suggest that performance will decline as the lowest component of a complex tone increases in frequency, regardless of age. In addition, if there are age-related deficits ...
Lój Magdalena - - 2012
The most common causes of heart failure in dogs are valvular disease, predominantly endocardiosis, and myocardial disease, predominantly dilated cardiomyopathy. They are related to changes in the expression of several genes in the heart muscle and in peripheral blood nuclear cells which could be considered as prognostic or diagnostic markers ...
Lautz Timothy B - - 2012
To determine outcomes in children with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction who underwent percutaneous intervention for anastomotic stenosis after meso-Rex bypass. Eighty-six patients who underwent meso-Rex bypass between 1997 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed, and 15 who underwent transhepatic portal venography for graft stenosis were identified. Technical success and clinical outcomes ...
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