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Fridman Vera - - 2012
This article discusses the anatomy of lower limb mononeuropathies and reviews the general approach to evaluating patients in the electrodiagnostic laboratory with suspected mononeuropathies of the lower limb. Through illustrative cases of patients presenting with a floppy foot, buckling knee, or painful foot, the approaches using nerve conduction studies and ...
Busis Neil - - 2012
Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for electrodiagnostic procedures include codes for nerve conduction studies, nerve tests with preconfigured arrays, reflex tests, electromyography (EMG), and chemodenervation procedures. The codes are updated yearly. For 2012, there are new EMG codes to be used when the patient also receives nerve conduction studies on ...
Dimberg Elliot L - - 2012
Upper extremity mononeuropathies are some of the common disorders seen in neurophysiology laboratories. Electrophysiologic studies rely on accurate localization based on knowledge of applicable anatomy and features of history and physical examination. Careful electrodiagnostic studies provide an accurate diagnosis, help localize the lesion site, exclude alternate diagnoses, reveal unsuspected diagnoses, ...
Juel Vern C - - 2012
Neuromuscular junction (NMJ) disorders may be demonstrated using repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) testing and single-fiber electromyography (SFEMG). RNS testing with low frequency stimulation reduces the safety factor of neuromuscular transmission (NMT) and may elicit decrementing compound muscle action potential (CMAP) responses. Exercise or tetanic nerve stimulation may potentiate acetylcholine release ...
Santaguida Pasqualina - - 2012
A "review of reviews" was undertaken to assess methodological issues in studies evaluating nondrug rehabilitation interventions in stroke patients. MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched from January 2000 to January 2008 within the stroke rehabilitation setting. Electronic searches were supplemented by reviews of reference ...
Walmsley Steven - - 2012
To develop an idiographic and nomothetic patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for the assessment and evaluation of patients with feet affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The development of the Salford Rheumatoid Arthritis Foot Evaluation (SAFE) Instrument PROM was divided into four stages: establishment of the PROM's conceptual basis and content generation, ...
Oremus Mark - - 2012
To review the reporting of key design features in studies of stroke rehabilitation therapies. We used purposive sampling to examine English-language, human-subject, comparative studies focusing on stroke rehabilitation therapy provided the effect of therapy was evaluated in at least one of the following six outcome domains: ambulation, cognition, quality of ...
Selman Lucy - - 2012
To describe the dimensionality of a measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) (the "Spirit 8") in palliative care (PC) patients in South Africa and Uganda, and to determine SWB in this population. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using the Missoula Vitas Quality of Life Index (MVQOLI). Translated questionnaires were administered to ...
Sanders Julie - - 2012
To develop a tool for identifying and quantifying morbidity following cardiac surgery (cardiac postoperative morbidity score [C-POMS]). Morbidity was prospectively assessed in 450 cardiac surgery patients on postoperative days 1, 3, 5, 8, and 15 using POMS criteria (nine postoperative morbidity domains in general surgical patients) and cardiac-specific variables (from ...
Weissenbacher Annemarie - - 2012
BACKGROUND.: Obesity is increasingly impacting the overall health status and the global costs for health care. The increase in body mass index (BMI) is also observed in kidney allograft recipients and deceased organ donors. METHODS.: In a retrospective single-center study, we analyzed 1132 deceased donor kidney grafts, transplanted at our ...
Leroy Z - - 2012
During the 2010-2011 influenza season, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration conducted enhanced vaccine safety monitoring for possible febrile seizures in all trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) products in the United States using the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS). We used Empirical Bayesian ...
Sun Yang-Kook - - 2012
A Li[Li(0.19) Ni(0.16) Co(0.08) Mn(0.57) ]O(2) cathode was coated with AlF(3) on the surface. The AlF(3) -coating enhanced the overall electrochemical characteristics of the electrode while overcoming the typical shortcomings of lithium-enriched cathodes. This improvement was attributed to the transformation of the initial electrode layer to a spinel phase, induced ...
Cavallini Massimiliano - - 2012
A nanomemristor based on SiO(2) is fabricated in situ with spatial control at the nanoscale. The proposed system exhibits peculiar properties such as the possibility to be regenerated after being stressed or damaged and the possibility to expose the metal and the oxide interfaces by removing the top electrodes.
Bernal Ashley - - 2012
The image depicts an array of free-standing ferroelectric perovskite PbZrTiO nanotube islands, processed with soft-template infiltration using a solution precursor. Such high aspect ratio nanotube/pillar arrays, described on page 1160 by N. Bassiri-Gharb and co-workers, find diverse application in actively tunable photonic and phononic crystals, terahertz emitters, energy harvesters, and ...
Bielanska Joanna - - 2012
Because Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 K(+) channels are remodeled during tumorigenesis and participate in skeletal muscle proliferation, we analyzed their expression in human skeletal muscle sarcomas. Aggressive alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) were studied. Kv1.5 expression was moderate in adult muscle and low in ERMS, whereas it was notable ...
Harrison Joyce Nolan - - 2012
The Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of antipsychotic medications in some children and adolescents with severe emotional and behavioral disorders. However, recent national data show a dramatic rise in off-label and Food and Drug Administration-approved uses of these medications. Of particular note is a twofold to fivefold ...
Miller Allison - - 2012
In long-lived, clonally reproducing species, assessing organism size is a nontrivial endeavour because each genetically distinct entity (genet) may comprise multiple modular units (ramets). Attributes of clonally reproducing populations, such as genet size, longevity and clonal diversity (the number of genets in a population), have significant implications for the persistence ...
Polefka Thomas G - - 2012
The earliest known microfossil records suggest that microorganisms existed on the earth approximately 3.8 billion years ago. Not only did sunlight drive this evolutionary process, but it also allowed photosynthetic organisms to elaborate oxygen and fundamentally change the earth's atmosphere and subsequent evolution. Paradoxically, however, an atmosphere of 20% oxygen ...
Naidoo Shan - - 2012
A brief overview of the Green Paper on the National Health Insurance (NHI) policy of South Africa is presented. It describes the intention of the NHI to ensure equity, address the inequalities presented by the current private and public health system and present an ambitious plan to change the face ...
Figueira Vânia - - 2012
This study aimed at assessing the role of ubiquitous (non-Escherichia coli) Enterobacteriaceae in the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance through the urban water cycle. Enterobacteriaceae isolated from a municipal wastewater treatment plant (111 isolates), urban water streams (33 isolates) and drinking water (123 isolates) were compared in terms of: (i) genera ...
Mora-Simon S - - 2012
INTRODUCTION. Along past years, interest in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) research and its early detection has been increased. Unlike first theories, international current proposals suggest that MCI is a syndrome characterized by an impairment in one or more cognitive functions without interfering in daily functional abilities and it is also ...
Bilajac Lovorka - - 2012
The present study was undertaken in order to determine the quality of indoor pool waters in hotels along the Croatian coast. We wanted to assess the risks of exposure to microbial and chemical contaminants and find out if training pool operators to use a quality assurance system, that we developed, ...
Riess Jonathan W - - 2012
We retrospectively analyzed hematologic parameters in 22 patients with advanced, nonsquamous, NSCLC undergoing VEGF inhibition on a phase II clinical trial of bevacizumab, carboplatin, and gemcitabine. We also examined TTP in relation to hemoglobin changes. Median hemoglobin increased significantly from a 12.9 g/dL pretreatment to 13.8 g/dL (p =.01) after ...
Collins Fiona - - 2012
Transformation in the structure and delivery of services for children and young people in the UK Children Act (Department for Education & Skills, 2004. The Children Act. London: HMSO) initiated new alliances between statutory, public and voluntary agencies. Traditional relationships and notions of partnership have been extended, necessitating an innovative ...
Amburgey James E - - 2012
Cryptosporidium has caused the majority of waterborne disease outbreaks in treated recreational water venues in the USA for many years running. This research project evaluated some common US swimming pool filters for removing Cryptosporidium oocysts, 5-µm diameter polystyrene microspheres, and 1-µm diameter polystyrene microspheres. A 946 L hot tub with ...
Pham Betty B Division of Abdominal Transplantation, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5492, - - 2012
NK cells are important in the immune response against tumors and virally infected cells. A balance between inhibitory and activating receptors controls the effector functions of NK cells. We examined the fate of circulating NK cells and the expression of the NK cell-activating receptors in pediatric liver transplant recipients. Blood ...
Beach Renée A - - 2012
Objective  To investigate changes in sebum cytokines in response to hair cosmetics. Design and setting  A prospective study at a University hospital. Methods  We used a novel method for scalp surface sebum collection (Sebutape(®) ) on three visits, sequentially a week apart, to investigate changes in six cytokines in 36 ...
Sisti Maurizio - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the fungicidal activity of chlorine and peracetic acid in drinking water against various pathogenic Aspergillus spp. and Candida albicans strains. A. nidulans exhibited the greatest resistance, requiring 10 ppm of chlorine for 30 min contact time for a complete inactivation. Under ...
Afanetti Mickael - - 2012
Afanetti M, Niaudet P, Niel O, Saint Faust M, Cochat P, Berard E. Pediatric en bloc kidney transplantation into pediatric recipients: The French experience. Pediatr Transplantation 2012: 16: 183-186. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  Chronic shortage of available donor organs has led to re-evaluation of the use ...
Al-Bader Tamara - - 2012
Background  The pathophysiology of cellulite involves changes in the subcutaneous adipose layer and the extracellular matrix (ECM) that supports it together with overlying dermal layer. Cellular mechanisms governing cellulite are not fully understood. However, it is accepted that changes include enhanced lipogenesis, decreased lipolysis, and increased lipid storage within the ...
Banister Gaurdia - - 2012
Recent census data highlight the ongoing shift toward greater levels of racial and ethnic diversity in the US population. In 2000, non-Hispanic whites accounted for 69% of the population. By 2010, this decreased to 64%. The Census Bureau predicts that minorities will become the majority over the upcoming decades. In ...
Trujillo-Orrego N - - 2012
The diagnostic criteria for the attentional deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), were defined by the American Psychiatric Association in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth version (DSM-IV) and World Health Organization in the ICD-10. The American Psychiatric Association used an internal validity analysis to select specific behavioral symptoms ...
Berardesca Enzo - - 2012
  Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting mostly facial skin. Its origin is multifactorial. Important steps in its treatment are avoidance of any triggering factor and control of skin inflammation.   To assess the benefit of topical applications of a new product (P-3075).   A randomized, multicenter, double-blind, ...
Powers Jennifer G - - 2012
"Vitamin D" is the term commonly used to denote the lipid-soluble hormone critical for calcium homeostasis and skeletal maintenance. A precursor to the active compound is found in many plants and animal tissues and can be absorbed from the gut; it can also be derived from cell membranes in the ...
Poligone Brian - - 2012
In the management of patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), there are numerous distinct therapy options. Each of these therapies is discussed in terms of when to use it, what factors limit the success of the treatment, and what to expect. A menu is defined as a list of items ...
Coelho Tracy - - 2012
Immunosuppression after organ transplantation is complex and ever evolving. Over the past two decades, newer immunosuppressive agents have been introduced with an aim to provide better patient and graft survival. Improved therapeutic strategies have been developed offering the option to use combinations of drugs with non-overlapping toxicities. There are, however, ...
Sporing Eileen - - 2012
The nursing career lattice program (NCLP) at Children's Hospital Boston has provided employees with social, educational, and financial assistance as they begin or advance their nursing careers. At the conclusion of a pilot phase, 35% of employees in the NCLP were enrolled in nursing school and 15% completed nursing school. ...
Niyyati Maryam - - 2012
A survey was conducted to determine the presence of free-living amoebae (FLA), especially Acanthamoeba and Naegleria, in river recreation areas in Tehran Province, Iran. All rivers surveyed were associated with human activity, and two were also a source of municipal tap water. Fifty-five water samples from 10 major rivers were ...
O'Donnell Allison T - - 2012
The incidence of melanoma is on the rise, and early detection of disease is imperative to reduce mortality. Dermatologists are key players in the early detection of melanoma; however, some clinicians rely on their clinical examination without any additional diagnostic tools to make this important diagnosis. Certain patients, such as ...
Krathen Michael - - 2012
The detection of cutaneous melanoma still largely relies on clinical suspicion, skin biopsy, and histopathologic evaluation. New technologies are being evaluated to bypass the skin biopsy in the detection of melanoma. The quest for reliable biomarkers, with respect to subclinical detection, prognosis, and predicting treatment response, is longstanding and ongoing. ...
Bandala Erick R - - 2012
Sequential helminth egg inactivation using a solar driven advanced oxidation process (AOP) followed by chlorine was achieved. The photo-assisted Fenton process was tested alone under different H(2)O(2) and/or Fe(II) concentrations to assess its ability to inactivate Ascaris suum eggs. The effect of free chlorine alone was also tested. The lowest ...
Ekong Udeme D - - 2012
Ekong UD, Mathew J, Melin-Aldana H, Wang D, Alonso EM. Successful resolution of inflammation and increased regulatory T cells in sirolimus-treated post-transplant allograft hepatitis. Pediatr Transplantation 2012: 16: 165-175. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  This retrospective case series reviews our center's experience with sirolimus and a CNI ...
Nakama Mitsuo - - 2012
Skin pigmentation is caused by various physical and chemical factors. It might also be influenced by changes in the physiological function of skin with aging. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) dehydrogenase is an enzyme related to the mitochondrial electron transport system and plays a key role in cellular energy production. It ...
Chase Elizabeth P - - 2012
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition marked by intensely pruritic, eczematous changes. First-line therapy includes topical corticosteroids during an exacerbation and long-term emollient use, followed by topical calcineurin inhibitors, phototherapy, and systemic therapy in more difficult cases. The need for more effective AD therapies with safer side ...
Prestia Angela - - 2012
Certified nursing assistants (CNAs) are an integral part of the care team in most hospitals. The chief nursing officer at a community hospital in Florida developed a program of communication, education, and accountability to highlight the role of the CNA as a team member. This easy-to-implement initiative resulted in increased ...
Chapman M Shane - - 2012
Vitamin A is required for the proper functioning of many important metabolic and physiologic activities, including vision, gene transcription, the immune system and skin cell differentiation. Both excessive and deficient levels of vitamin A lead to poor functioning of many human systems. The biologically active form, retinoic acid, binds to ...
Brücher Björn L D M - - 2012
Tumor involvement of the peritoneum-peritoneal carcinomatosis-is a heterogeneous form of cancer that had been generally regarded as a sign of systemic tumor disease and as a terminal condition. The multimodal treatment approach for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, which had been conceived and developed, consists of what is known as cytoreductive ...
Roche S M - - 2012
A pooled analysis of seven cross-sectional studies from Newfoundland and Labrador, Waterloo and Hamilton Regions, Ontario and Vancouver, East Kootenay and Northern Interior Regions, British Columbia (2001 to 2007) was performed to investigate the drinking water consumption patterns of Canadians and to identify factors associated with the volume of tap ...
Kamikihara Takahito - - 2012
Neo-expression of N-cadherin in cancer cells is regarded as a significant event in tumor progression via epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). No reports have detailed the clinical impact of N-cadherin expression in gastric cancer. We retrospectively examined the co-expression of N-cadherin and E-cadherin in human gastric carcinoma and analyzed the clinicopathological significance ...
Kathemann Simone - - 2012
Kathemann S, Lainka E, Baba HA, Hoyer PF, Gerner P. Gilbert's syndrome - a frequent cause of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in children after orthotopic liver transplantation. Pediatr Transplantation 2012: 16: 201-204. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  Gilbert's syndrome is one major cause for unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in healthy individuals ...
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