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Results 351 - 400 of 1666
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Sikorski Cynthia - - 2012
To assess factors associated with medical disability in the U.S. Marine Corps. Case-control study enrolling 11,554 medical disability cases of U.S. enlisted Marines referred to the Physical Evaluation Board fiscal year 2001 to 2009 and 42,216 controls frequency matched to cases in a 4:1 ratio on year of accession into ...
Mao Chad Y - - 2012
Breastfeeding practices in military families have not been widely investigated. The objective of this study was to measure the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding among uniformed families and identify factors associated with breastfeeding. We conducted a prospective study of 253 mothers of new infants from July to December 2004. Initial ...
Sahiner Levent - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of 16-slice multislice, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography for the evaluation of grafts in patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods: Fifty-eight consecutive patients with CABG who underwent both MDCT and conventional invasive coronary angiography were included. The ...
Akin Ibrahim - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes among unselected patients stratified in categories of body mass index, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with either sirolimus-eluting or paclitaxel-eluting stents. Overweight and obesity are often considered risk factors for cardiovascular events. However, recent studies have associated obesity with ...
Brawley Stephen - - 2012
A transition from traditional problem-based clinics to the Sports Medicine and Reconditioning Team (SMART) clinic model was completed by January 2009 at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. The SMART clinic model allows for more patients to be seen and enhances coordinated care between providers. The objective of this research is ...
Chung-Park Min S - - 2012
This study's objective was to assess the knowledge, opinions, and practices of infants' sleep positions and their association with demographics. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to survey a convenience sample of military beneficiary parents being seen at a military treatment facility in the United States. A 19-item investigator-designed questionnaire ...
Tezias Sotirios S - - 2012
We have previously identified a DNA silent region located downstream of the 3'-end of the β(major) globin gene (designated B1-559) that contains a B1 retrotransposon, consensus binding sites for erythroid specific transcription factors and shares the capacity to act as promoter in hematopoietic cells interacting with β-globin gene LCR sequences ...
Gu Riliang - - 2012
Urea-based nitrogen fertilizer was widely utilized in maize production, but transporters involved in urea uptake, translocation and cellular homeostasis have not been identified. Here, we isolated three maize aquapoin genes, ZmNIP2;1, ZmNIP2;4 and ZmTIP4;4, from a cDNA library by heterogous complementation of a urea uptake-defective yeast. ZmNIP2;1 and ZmNIP2;4 belonged ...
Tonolini M - - 2012
Lactic acidosis in diabetic patients undergoing metformin therapy is a widely recognized, rare but usually serious adverse event, particularly in presence of comorbidities such as cardiorespiratory disease, sepsis and renal failure. As demonstrated by the case of an elderly woman presented, administration of radiographic iodine-based contrast agents may precipitate lactic ...
DeVoe Ellen R - - 2012
Parents of dependent children comprise approximately 42% of Active Duty and National Guard/Reserve military members serving in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom. Recent estimates indicate that more than two million children have experienced parental deployment since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. This article seeks to characterize the impact ...
Marini Andrea - - 2012
The narrative skills of nonaphasic individuals with right hemisphere damage (RHD) were compared with those of a group of healthy participants. All participants scored within the normal range on tests assessing their level of global cognitive impairment, logical visuospatial reasoning, general linguistic skills, and the potential presence of hemineglect. They ...
Shih Yu-Jen - - 2012
Aneurysm of the left atrial appendage is extremely rare, and afflicted patients most commonly present with atrial tachyarrhythmia or thromboembolism. For these patients, resection of the aneurysm is the recommended and preferred therapy. We present the case of a 57-year-old woman who was found incidentally to have a large aneurysm ...
Roberts-South Angela - - 2012
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a multisystem disease that significantly impacts communication as a function of changes in motor speech, cognition, and language skills. Although discourse tasks have been used to assess language in a variety of acquired disorders, little work to date has been published on changes in discourse ...
Shikama Nobuaki - - 2012
Compared with the aggressive factors, little attention has been paid to the mucosal defensive factors in ulcer therapy, and the role of the H2-receptor antagonists in gastric mucosal protection has not been well characterized. In the present study, the effects of different types of H2-receptor antagonists (famotidine and roxatidine) on ...
Rihal Charanjit S - - 2012
Paravalvular regurgitation affects 5% to 17% of all surgically implanted prosthetic heart valves. Patients who have paravalvular regurgitation can be asymptomatic or present with hemolysis or heart failure, or both. Reoperation is associated with increased morbidity and is not always successful because of underlying tissue friability, inflammation, or calcification. Comprehensive ...
Griffiths Sarah - - 2012
Parkinson's disease (PD) can cause both motor speech and cognitive deficits, with those affected perceiving a negative effect on their everyday experiences of communication. One specific concern reported by people with PD is that people "talk over" them. Psychosocial reactions to communication changes in PD are highly individualized and do ...
Amenabar Maximiliano J - - 2012
Glutamate dehydrogenase from axenic bacterial cultures of a new microorganism, called GWE1, isolated from the interior of a sterilization drying oven, was purified by anion-exchange and molecular-exclusion liquid chromatography. The apparent molecular mass of the native enzyme was 250.5 kDa and was shown to be an hexamer with similar subunits ...
Carulli G - - 2012
Immunophenotyping is a routine method to evaluate B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Flow cytometry plays a complementary role in diagnosis and classification of these types of lymphomas, since combination of morphologic, immunophenotypic and genotypic features is needed to correctly classifying each disease entity. Multiparameter flow cytometry, which is now carried out with ...
Rajathurai Thirumaran - - 2012
An 80-year-old woman with a 20-mm Medtronic Hall (tilting-disc) aortic prosthesis presented with episodes of chest pain associated with circulatory collapse and subsequent rapid spontaneous recovery. A computed tomography angiogram demonstrated no evidence of aortic dissection, pulmonary embolus, or coronary artery disease. A transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated a well-functioning prosthetic aortic ...
Brugaletta Salvatore - - 2012
This study sought to assess the vascular function in patients with chronic total coronary occlusions (CTO) immediately after successful percutaneous recanalization and its relation with the pre-existing collateral circulation. CTOs represent a long-acting occlusion of a coronary vessel, in which the progressively developed collateral circulation may limit ischemia and symptoms. ...
Adams Daniel J - - 2012
Erythema nodosum (EN) is an infrequent but well-described extraintestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We report a case of a previously healthy 8-year-old girl who presented to her primary care manager with a chief complaint of EN and was later found to have Crohn's disease. This article reviews the ...
Yasui Kensuke - - 2012
Many biological activities of green tea have been attributed to a major constituent, (minus;)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). We previously reported that EGCG and an EGCG-free fraction derived from green tea modulated the gene expression of gluconeogenic enzymes, glucose-6-phosphatase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, in the mouse liver. EGCG is also known to affect ...
Akgür Serap Annette - - 2012
The widespread of individual and social problems related to substance use/abuse provoked the new approaches for workplace drug testing systems in the world. Workplace drug testing laws are constructed to protect the community from the consequences of drug use by workers. In Turkey, the legal arrangements on workplace drug testing ...
Kim Hyojin - - 2012
Melanin is produced in melanocytes and stored in melanosomes. In spite of its beneficial sun-protective effect, abnormal accumulation of melanin results in esthetic problems. Hydroquinone, competing with tyrosine, is a major ingredient in topical pharmacological agents. However, frequent adverse reactions are amongst its major limitation. To solve this problem, several ...
Jung Kyung Eun - - 2012
The use of intravenous contrast media (CM) has increased for the diagnosis of several diseases. The newly developed low osmolar nonionic contrast agents cause significantly decreased adverse reactions than the higher osmolar ones. However, adverse reactions may still occur, ranging in severity from minor side effects to severe complications. However, ...
Ahn Seok-Yong - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) shares a high degree of structural and functional homology with insulin and is a potent mitogen supporting cell growth and survival in many kinds of the tissues and cells. It also plays a role in some differentiation and anti-apoptotic functions. In previous reports, it has been ...
Lee Eui Hyung - - 2012
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease associated with autoantibodies against BP180 and BP230. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a sensitive tool for the detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-BP180 and anti-BP230 autoantibodies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of ELISA for diagnosing and ...
Kwon Hyuck Hoon - - 2012
In a subgroup of patients suffering from atopic dermatitis (AD), treatment is quite difficult even after taking oral immunosuppressants. High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment has been reported to be beneficial for them in a few uncontrolled trials. Herein we report a case of intractable AD in a 5-year-old girl who ...
Kim Gun-Wook - - 2012
An 82-year-old woman presented with a four-month history of an ulcerative plaque overlying her left neck. This lesion had developed as a subcutaneous nodule, gradually increased in size, and evolved into ulcers. Before visiting our Dermatology clinic, the patient had been diagnosed as having a bacterial abscess, but treatments with ...
Park Hyun Chul - - 2012
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive cutaneous malignancy of the elderly and immunocompromised patients. It is occasionally found coexisting with other diseases, such as squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis, miscellaneous adnexal tumors, and rarely Bowen disease. A 75-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of ...
Cho Suhyun - - 2012
A 53-year-old male presented with a 6-year duration of a child's-palm sized hypopigmented patch located on his neck. He had a history of surgical excision of an epidermal cyst on the neck, and the hypopigmented patch developed about one month after the excision next to the surgery site. Application of ...
Ko Seung-Hyun - - 2012
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), a common and troublesome complication in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), contributes to a higher risk of diabetic foot ulcer and lower limb amputation. These situations can negatively impact the quality of life of affected individuals. Despite its high prevalence and clinical importance, most ...
Qiu Shan-Hu - - 2012
Regular physical activity (PA) is a key element in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Participation in regular PA improves blood glucose control and can prevent or delay T2DM and its complications, along with positively affecting lipids, blood pressure, cardiovascular events, mortality, and quality of life. ...
Kang Jun Goo - - 2012
The current recommendations for the treatment of obese people include increased physical activity and reduced calories intake. When the behavioral approach is not sufficient, a pharmacologic treatment is recommended. In past years, numerous drugs have been approved for the treatment of obesity; however, most of them have been withdrawn from ...
Kim Jae Hyun - - 2012
Recently, the measurement of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was recommended as an alternative to fasting plasma glucose or oral glucose tolerance tests for diagnosing diabetes mellitus (DM). In this study, we analyzed HbA1c levels for diabetes mellitus screening in a Korean rural population. We analyzed data from 10,111 subjects from a ...
Yi Dong Won - - 2012
Apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) is the second-most abundant apolipoprotein in human high-density lipoprotein and its role in cardio metabolic risk is not entirely clear. It has been suggested to have poor anti-atherogenic or even pro-atherogenic properties, but there are few studies on the possible role of apoA-II in Asian populations. The ...
Kim Soo Kyoung - - 2012
We investigated the prevalence of diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) and vestibular dysfunction (VD) in diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy. Thirty-five diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy were enrolled from August 2008 to July 2009. All subjects underwent autonomic function tests. Nineteen of the patients (54.3%) underwent videonystagmography. Diabetic autonomic neuropathy was ...
Chung Suryeun - - 2012
The conventional method of aortic cross-clamping is very difficult and increases the risk of cerebral infarct due to embolism of the calcified aorta in these patients. Accordingly, we analyzed our experience with 11 cases of ascending aorta and aortic valve replacement with hypothermic circulatory arrest. From January 2002 to December ...
Lee Hong Kyu - - 2012
The aims of the study were to determine the accuracy of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in detecting pulmonary metastasis through video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), a technique that allows the excisional biopsy of small pulmonary nodules in patients with known malignancies. Between October 2007 and April 2010, 28 patients with ...
Chon Soon Ho - - 2012
We report a case of a postinfarction ventricular septal defect caused by an acute recurrent occlusion after the implantation of a covered stent, which was performed as a rescue procedure for the ruptured left anterior descending artery during a percutaneous coronary intervention. Although the emergent implantation of a covered stent ...
Lee Woo Surng - - 2012
A coronary-bronchial artery fistula is a very rare congenital anomaly of the coronary artery whose etiology and pathogenesis have not yet been clarified. Most patients with coronary-bronchial fistulas are asymptomatic; however, some patients present with congestive heart failure, infective endocarditis, myocardial ischemia induced by a coronary steal phenomenon, or rupture ...
Kim Jae Jun - - 2012
We report a very rare case of surgery on gastric conduit cancer. A 67-year-old male patient underwent esophagectomy and intrathoracic esophagogastrostomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the lower thoracic esophagus 27 months ago. Upon follow-up, a gastric carcinoma at the intra-abdominal part of the gastric conduit was found on an ...
Lee Kyung-Hak - - 2012
Aspergillus is a ubiquitous fungus and can cause many levels of disease severity. Chronic necrotizing aspergillosis is a rare disease and few cases have been reported in Korea. We experienced a case of pleural aspergillosis that was treated successfully with medical and surgical interventions. The 52-year-old man who was diagnosed ...
Narm Kyoung Shik - - 2012
Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma (MIFS) is a recently defined rare tumor. It is mainly found in the upper and lower extremities of adults. Due to its high local recurrence rate and low metastatic rate, it is classified as a low grade-malignancy. Accurate diagnosis and early, wide excision are important for prognosis. ...
Bae Mi Ju - - 2012
The inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is known as an effective and safe method for preventing fatal pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with deep vein thrombosis. Usually, the remaining IVC filters are asymptomatic and do not cause clinical problems. We report a case of duodenal perforation caused by a remaining IVC ...
Shirakawa Makiko - - 2012
Port wine stains (PWSs) are commonly treated with pulsed dye laser (PDL) as a standard therapy. However, it is not easy to predict the minimal effective dose in the first treatment session. The aim of this study was to assess whether dermoscopic findings before and after laser irradiation corresponded with ...
Kim Gun-Wook - - 2012
In previous studies, psoriasis has been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors for metabolic syndrome in psoriasis patients and to compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in psoriasis and control groups. All patients (n=490) and controls (n=682) were investigated ...
Jin Mu Hyun - - 2012
The extracellular matrix (ECM) produced by dermal fibroblasts supports skin structure, and degradation and/or reduced production of ECM are the main causes of wrinkle formation. The aim of this study was to identify the active ingredient that enhances ECM production in dermal fibroblasts. Polarity-based fractionation was used to isolate the ...
Park Se Young - - 2012
Mupirocin has been used for the treatment of skin infections and eradication of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The increased use of this antibiotic has been accompanied by outbreaks of MRSA that are resistant to mupirocin. This study aims to determine the prevalence, genotype and antimicrobial susceptibility of ...
Lee Na Young - - 2012
S-methylmethionine sulfonium chloride was originally called vitamin U because of its inhibition of ulceration in the digestive system. Vitamin U is ubiquitously expressed in the tissues of flowering plants, and while there have been reports on its hypolipidemic effect, its precise function remains unknown. This study was designed to evaluate ...
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