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Results 351 - 400 of 1666
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Park Hyun Chul - - 2012
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive cutaneous malignancy of the elderly and immunocompromised patients. It is occasionally found coexisting with other diseases, such as squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis, miscellaneous adnexal tumors, and rarely Bowen disease. A 75-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of ...
Santoro Paolo Emilio - - 2012
The Italian Decree on Health and Safety at Work (81/08) prescribes mandatory drug tests for jobs which pose safety hazards to others. Workplace drug testing is performed in accordance with the Provision of the Government-Regions Conference, 2008. The aim of our survey was to examine the prevalence of drug use ...
Haron Hairulfaizi - - 2012
Papillary fibroelastoma is a rare primary tumor of the heart valves. This lesion can occur on any of the valves or endothelial surface of the heart and has been detected by echocardiography, by cardiac catheterization, during open heart operations for other conditions, and at autopsy. Because of the potential for ...
Mohler Emile R ER - - 2012
The pathophysiology and time course of an individual converting from asymptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) to symptomatic claudication is unclear. The objectives of this study were: (1) to characterize the extent of atherosclerotic disease in individuals with an abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI), but without claudication; and over 1 year of ...
Lee Na Young - - 2012
S-methylmethionine sulfonium chloride was originally called vitamin U because of its inhibition of ulceration in the digestive system. Vitamin U is ubiquitously expressed in the tissues of flowering plants, and while there have been reports on its hypolipidemic effect, its precise function remains unknown. This study was designed to evaluate ...
Delves Michael - - 2012
Malaria remains a disease of devastating global impact, killing more than 800,000 people every year-the vast majority being children under the age of 5. While effective therapies are available, if malaria is to be eradicated a broader range of small molecule therapeutics that are able to target the liver and ...
Duff Melissa C MC Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Iowa, 250 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2012
Considerable effort has been directed at understanding the nature of the communicative deficits observed in individuals with acquired brain injuries. Yet several theoretical, methodological, and clinical challenges remain. In this article, we examine distributed cognition as a framework for understanding interaction among communication partners, interaction of communication and cognition, and ...
Cao Xin-Sheng - - 2012
A questionnaire survey was performed for the first time to assess the prevalence of visual symptoms and G-induced loss of consciousness (G-LOC) due to +Gz exposure in the Chinese Air Force (CAF) to determine the effectiveness of current G tolerance training. Responses were received from 594 individuals. Among them, 302 ...
Jung In Duk - - 2012
In asthma, T helper 2 (T(H)2)-type cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13 are produced by activated CD4(+) T cells. Dendritic cells played an important role in determining the fate of naive T cells into either T(H)1 or T(H)2 cells. We determined whether RG-II regulates the T(H)1/T(H)2 immune response ...
Zubaidah N H - - 2012
The incidence of infection following TEVAR is low. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of post thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with Streptococcus viridans graft infection. A 54-year-old male underwent TEVAR for dissecting thoracic aneurysm with spinal ischaemia. He had an eventful recovery with ...
Kim Hyojin - - 2012
Melanin is produced in melanocytes and stored in melanosomes. In spite of its beneficial sun-protective effect, abnormal accumulation of melanin results in esthetic problems. Hydroquinone, competing with tyrosine, is a major ingredient in topical pharmacological agents. However, frequent adverse reactions are amongst its major limitation. To solve this problem, several ...
Park Kyoung-Chan - - 2012
Dermal cells from neonatal mice can initiate the formation of hair follicles (HFs) when combined with adult mouse epidermal cells and transplanted subcutaneously into athymic mice. In the present study, the effects of dermal cells on HF formation were tested in terms of total cell number and the time course ...
Pyarokhil Asadullah Hamid - - 2012
Peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are produced in endocrine cells that show distal distribution in each of small and large intestine. They are colocalized in the same endocrine cells at different ratios depending on the animal species. The present study examined the possibility of plasticity in the colocalization ...
Kim Jong In - - 2012
α-Lipoic acid (α-LA) has been studied as an anticancer agent as well as a therapeutic agent for diabetes and obesity. We performed this study to evaluate the anticancer effects and mechanisms of α-LA in a lung cancer cell line, A549. α-LA-induced apoptosis of A549 cells was detected by fluorescence-activated cell ...
Ko Seung-Hyun - - 2012
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), a common and troublesome complication in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), contributes to a higher risk of diabetic foot ulcer and lower limb amputation. These situations can negatively impact the quality of life of affected individuals. Despite its high prevalence and clinical importance, most ...
Tuncer Altug - - 2012
Background: Total axilloaxillary cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is an alternative peripheral cannulation technique that has the advantages of antegrade flow during CPB, monohemispherical brain perfusion in case of circulatory arrest, and achieving excellent decompression of the heart during sternotomy. The results of this strategy, particularly beyond the immediately postoperative period, are ...
Fukuda David H - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of critical velocity (CV) and isoperformance curves as an alternative to the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) two-mile running test. Seventy-eight men and women (mean +/- SE; age: 22.1 +/- 0.34 years; VO2(MAX): 46.1 +/- 0.82 mL/kg/min) volunteered to participate ...
Mun Je-Ho - - 2012
Lichens striatus (LS) is an acquired, self-limiting inflammatory dermatosis that follows the lines of Blaschko. The etiology of the eruption is unknown, but several theories have been proposed with focus on environmental factors, viral infection, cutaneous injury, hypersensitivity, and genetic predisposition. We describe a 19-year-old woman who developed a unilateral ...
Mitake Maiko - - 2012
Geranylgeranoic acid (GGA), a 20-carbon acyclic polyprenoic acid (all-trans 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl- 2,4,6,10,14-hexadecatetraenoic acid) and its derivatives were developed as synthetic "acyclic retinoids" for cancer chemoprevention. Previously, we have shown the natural occurrence of GGA in various medicinal herbs and reported enzymatic formation of GGA from geranylgeraniol (GGOH) through geranylgeranial (GGal) by ...
Tsanaclis Lolita M - - 2012
Drug testing is used by employers to detect drug use by employees or job candidates. It can identify recent use of alcohol, prescription drugs, and illicit drugs as a screening tool for potential health and safety and performance issues. Urine is the most commonly used sample for illicit drugs. It ...
Hinojosa Ramon - - 2012
Twenty Reserve component (Army and Marines) and Army National Guard male veterans of Operational Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom discuss their deployment and postdeployment family reintegration experiences. A Grounded Theory approach is used to highlight some of the ways in which family miscommunication during deployment can occur. Communication with civilian family ...
Price Christopher P - - 2012
The principles of Evidence-Based Medicine have been established for about two decades, with the need for evidence-based clinical practice now being accepted in most health systems around the world. These principles can be employed in laboratory medicine. The key steps in evidence-based practice, namely (i) formulating the question; (ii) searching ...
Eldien Altarabsheh Salah - - 2012
Aortic pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication after blunt chest trauma or cardiac surgical procedures and can occur at the site of cannulation or root vent insertion on the ascending aorta. These pseudoaneurysms have the potential to expand, erode, and rupture, and detecting this condition before complications occur is the key ...
Wang He - - 2012
Load carriage and muscular fatigue are two major stressors experienced by military recruits during basic training. The purpose of this study was to assess the influences of load carriage and muscular fatigue on ground reaction forces and ground reaction loading rates during walking. Eighteen healthy males performed the following tasks ...
Lee Eui Hyung - - 2012
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease associated with autoantibodies against BP180 and BP230. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a sensitive tool for the detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-BP180 and anti-BP230 autoantibodies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of ELISA for diagnosing and ...
Kusuhara Masatoshi - - 2012
Stress is believed to be harmful to not only mental but also physical health. However, proving a link between stress and disease is difficult. A recent study reported that an environmental enrichment reduced cancer growth via the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and leptin. Here, we report that mice kept in a fragrant ...
Park Samina - - 2012
The long-term results of homografts used in systemic circulation are controversial. We assessed the long-term results of using a cryopreserved homograft for an aortic root or aorta and its branch replacement. From June 1995 to January 2010, 23 patients (male:female=15:8, 45.4±15.6 years) underwent a homograft replacement in the aortic position. ...
Zhang Binxue - - 2012
Burkholderia pseudomallei and B. mallei are two highly pathogenic bacteria responsible for melioidosis and glanders, respectively. Our laboratory developed hydrolysis probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction assays targeting type three secretion system (TTS) and transposase family protein (TFP) of B. pseudomallei and B. malli, respectively. The assays were validated for target ...
Choi Hye Ryung - - 2012
Pigmentation is induced by production of melanin in specialized organelles termed melanosomes and by transfer of these organelles from melanocytes to surrounding keratinocytes. The chemical basis of melanogenesis is relatively well known but the mechanism of melanosome transfer is not well studied. Various pigmentary disorders and cosmetic applications require the ...
Uezato Tadayoshi - - 2012
We have studied the effects of natural medicines on neurite outgrowth in PC12D cells in a cultured medium of C2C12 cells. Derived from mouse myoblasts, the C2C12 cells secrete neurotrophic factors including nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3). The secretion of these neurotrophins from C2C12 ...
Liljeholm Mimi - - 2012
Performance-based pay schemes in many organizations share the fundamental assumption that the performance level for a given task will increase as a function of the amount of incentive provided. Consistent with this notion, psychological studies have demonstrated that expectations of reward can improve performance on a plethora of different cognitive ...
Pawlowski Andrzej - - 2012
Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV co-infections place an immense burden on health care systems and pose particular diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Infection with HIV is the most powerful known risk factor predisposing for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and progression to active disease, which increases the risk of latent TB reactivation 20-fold. TB ...
Ahn Seok-Yong - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) shares a high degree of structural and functional homology with insulin and is a potent mitogen supporting cell growth and survival in many kinds of the tissues and cells. It also plays a role in some differentiation and anti-apoptotic functions. In previous reports, it has been ...
Armstrong Ehrin J EJ Division of Cardiology, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California 95817, USA. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe differences in treatment and in-hospital mortality of early, late, and very late stent thrombosis (ST). Early, late, and very late ST may differ in clinical presentation, management, and in-hospital outcomes. We analyzed definite (angiographically documented) ST cases identified from February 2009 to ...
Schofield Steve - - 2012
We evaluated use of interventions to prevent insect bites in Canadian personnel deployed to Kabul, Afghanistan. Data were collected through a self-report written survey. The response rate was 92%, and intervention uptake was 11% applied repellent that day, 21% slept under a bednet their last sleep, and 78% wore insecticide-treated ...
Yi Dong Won - - 2012
Apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) is the second-most abundant apolipoprotein in human high-density lipoprotein and its role in cardio metabolic risk is not entirely clear. It has been suggested to have poor anti-atherogenic or even pro-atherogenic properties, but there are few studies on the possible role of apoA-II in Asian populations. The ...
Hatemi Ali Can - - 2012
Epicardial cysts originating directly from the epicardium are seen very rarely. Complete surgical excision is recommended when these cysts are detected. If cysts compress surrounding vital structures, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) should also be considered. We report herein 2 cases of multiloculated epicardial cysts, both of which were successfully excised, 1 ...
Debacker Kim - - 2012
Expansions of DNA trinucleotide repeats cause at least 17 inherited neurodegenerative diseases, such as Huntington's disease. Expansions can occur at frequencies approaching 100% in affected families and in transgenic mice, suggesting that specific cellular proteins actively promote (favor) expansions. The inference is that expansions arise due to the presence of ...
Abrames Erik - - 2012
Penetrating eye trauma from blasts can result in a vast spectrum of ocular injuries. Several cases of orbital trauma are reviewed, all of which occurred during combat operations and treated in an Air Force Theater Hospital. Computed tomography was used as the primary imaging modality and proved crucial in determining ...
Huh Sun Young - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using topical aminolevulinic acid (ALA) has increasingly been used for the treatment of acne vulgaris and several studies have shown its clinical efficacy. However, ALA-PDT needs a relatively long incubation period and is frequently associated with adverse effects. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) has been introduced as a new ...
Olness Gloria Streit - - 2012
The advent of managed health care has challenged rehabilitation professionals to guide their clients toward functionally meaningful outcomes in the least amount of time possible and to justify the evidence base for their intervention approaches. The ability to relate personal narratives in everyday contexts lies at the core of communicative ...
Kim Gun-Wook - - 2012
An 82-year-old woman presented with a four-month history of an ulcerative plaque overlying her left neck. This lesion had developed as a subcutaneous nodule, gradually increased in size, and evolved into ulcers. Before visiting our Dermatology clinic, the patient had been diagnosed as having a bacterial abscess, but treatments with ...
Ju Min Ho - - 2012
The experience of a single-institution regarding surgery for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) was reviewed to evaluate the surgical outcomes and prognoses. From July 1990 to December 2009, thirty-four patients (28 male) underwent major pulmonary resection and lymph node dissection for SCLC. Lobectomy was performed in 24 patients, pneumonectomy in ...
Marini Andrea - - 2012
The narrative skills of nonaphasic individuals with right hemisphere damage (RHD) were compared with those of a group of healthy participants. All participants scored within the normal range on tests assessing their level of global cognitive impairment, logical visuospatial reasoning, general linguistic skills, and the potential presence of hemineglect. They ...
Jin Yong-Cheng - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate protein profiles related to the induction of adipogenesis within the bovine longissimus dorsi muscle (BLDM) by proteomic analysis. We analyzed BLDM proteins at different growth stages to clarify the physiological mechanisms of marbled muscle development in 20 head of Korean native cattle ...
Choi Charles Q - - 2012
Genetic analysis in budding yeast and in cultured human astrocytes reveals that specific histone deacetylase complexes accelerate expansion mutations in DNA triplet repeats.
Voltolini L - - 2012
Recent studies have reported a high incidence of perioperative in-stent trombosis with myocardial infarction (MI), in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery, early after coronary angioplasty and stenting. The short and long-term results of surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after prophylatic coronary angioplasty and stenting were analyzed. Prospective collected data ...
Gu Riliang - - 2012
Urea-based nitrogen fertilizer was widely utilized in maize production, but transporters involved in urea uptake, translocation and cellular homeostasis have not been identified. Here, we isolated three maize aquapoin genes, ZmNIP2;1, ZmNIP2;4 and ZmTIP4;4, from a cDNA library by heterogous complementation of a urea uptake-defective yeast. ZmNIP2;1 and ZmNIP2;4 belonged ...
Tonolini M - - 2012
Lactic acidosis in diabetic patients undergoing metformin therapy is a widely recognized, rare but usually serious adverse event, particularly in presence of comorbidities such as cardiorespiratory disease, sepsis and renal failure. As demonstrated by the case of an elderly woman presented, administration of radiographic iodine-based contrast agents may precipitate lactic ...
DeVoe Ellen R - - 2012
Parents of dependent children comprise approximately 42% of Active Duty and National Guard/Reserve military members serving in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom. Recent estimates indicate that more than two million children have experienced parental deployment since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. This article seeks to characterize the impact ...
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