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Results 301 - 350 of 1666
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Schofield Steve - - 2012
We evaluated use of interventions to prevent insect bites in Canadian personnel deployed to Kabul, Afghanistan. Data were collected through a self-report written survey. The response rate was 92%, and intervention uptake was 11% applied repellent that day, 21% slept under a bednet their last sleep, and 78% wore insecticide-treated ...
Zhao Keyan - - 2012
Introduction: This study was conducted to address whether staged surgical intervention or primary repair would be preferred for treating patients with tetralogy of Fallot and small left ventricle.Methods: We retrospectively assessed 28 patients with tetralogy of Fallot and small left ventricle at the Chinese PLA 208th Hospital, Changchun, between January ...
Whalen H - - 2012
There is a worldwide increase in the incidence of end-stage renal disease. Renal transplantation has been shown to be cost effective, prolong survival and provide a better quality of life in comparison to dialysis. Consequently, there has been a steady increase in demand for organs leading to a shortage of ...
Uezato Tadayoshi - - 2012
We have studied the effects of natural medicines on neurite outgrowth in PC12D cells in a cultured medium of C2C12 cells. Derived from mouse myoblasts, the C2C12 cells secrete neurotrophic factors including nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3). The secretion of these neurotrophins from C2C12 ...
Viswanathan Karthik - - 2012
Cardiac troponins have been the biomarkers of choice for the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) for over a decade. There has, however, been considerable interest over the last two decades for newer biomarkers that would bring added value to the measurement of troponin such as the provision of prognosis ...
Laszlo Roman - - 2012
Background: Box isolation of the posterior left atrium is one surgical or catheter ablative approach for treating atrial fibrillation (AF). In such cases, incomplete transmurality or recovery of pulmonary vein conduction after the application of various ablative techniques is considered the main reason for the recurrence of postprocedural arrhythmia. The ...
Tinti F - - 2012
In the past decades, advances in immunosuppression, organ preservation, surgical techniques and better management of post-transplantation complications have led to improvement in survival of liver transplant patients. Such extended survival of liver graft recipients in their fifties and sixties has resulted in a greater prevalence of complications, in particular chronic ...
Jung In Duk - - 2012
In asthma, T helper 2 (T(H)2)-type cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13 are produced by activated CD4(+) T cells. Dendritic cells played an important role in determining the fate of naive T cells into either T(H)1 or T(H)2 cells. We determined whether RG-II regulates the T(H)1/T(H)2 immune response ...
Zubaidah N H - - 2012
The incidence of infection following TEVAR is low. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of post thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with Streptococcus viridans graft infection. A 54-year-old male underwent TEVAR for dissecting thoracic aneurysm with spinal ischaemia. He had an eventful recovery with ...
Akay Mehmet H - - 2012
Thoracic compartment syndrome has been observed after trauma and after mediastinal and cardiac procedures; however, an adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)-like presentation has not been described as a part of thoracic compartment syndrome. We describe the case of an obese patient who underwent coronary artery bypass (his third such procedure) ...
Kim H Y - - 2012
Although endoscopic thyroid surgery is gaining wide acceptance, however, manual endoscopic operation also has shown several limitations. The advent of robotic surgical systems, such as the da Vinci surgical system (Intuitive Surgical, Mountain View, CA, USA), is expected to make it possible to overcome some limitations of manual endoscopic operation. ...
Nakabayashi J - - 2012
In this study, the author considers the design rule of the intracellular signalling pathway. In yeast pheromone signalling pathway, scaffold Ste5 tethers the components of signalling pathway, Ste11, Ste7 and Fus3. Even though scaffold complex is independently produced before stimuli, excessively expressed Fus3 as compared with scaffold exists in cytoplasm ...
Santoro Paolo Emilio - - 2012
The Italian Decree on Health and Safety at Work (81/08) prescribes mandatory drug tests for jobs which pose safety hazards to others. Workplace drug testing is performed in accordance with the Provision of the Government-Regions Conference, 2008. The aim of our survey was to examine the prevalence of drug use ...
Haron Hairulfaizi - - 2012
Papillary fibroelastoma is a rare primary tumor of the heart valves. This lesion can occur on any of the valves or endothelial surface of the heart and has been detected by echocardiography, by cardiac catheterization, during open heart operations for other conditions, and at autopsy. Because of the potential for ...
Kang Jung Hoon - - 2012
Salsolinol (1-methyl-6,7-dihydroxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline) is a compound derived from dopamine metabolism and is capable of causing dopaminergic neurodegeneration. Oxidative modification of neurofilament proteins has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, oxidative modification of neurofilament-L (NF-L) by salsolinol and the inhibitory effects of histidyl dipeptides on NF-L modification ...
Islam S - - 2012
Dental curricula in UK dental schools are seemingly excising ever more skills as each generation of students is trained. This has implications for the quality of education held by the latest dental graduates, and furthermore potentially for the standard of care that their patients may receive. This leaves us today ...
Riario-Sforza G G - - 2012
The effectiveness of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in treating patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) is showed by its ability to diminish the recurrence to endotracheal intubation (ETI), the occurrence of ETI-associated lung infections as well as related mortality. A specific issue is the outcome of NIV in patients referring to ...
Bohnert Amy S B - - 2012
This study sought to compare patterns of alcohol use between male veterans and nonveterans. Data came from the 2004 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a U.S. national telephone survey using stratified random sampling. Outcomes were 30-day alcohol use, binge drinking (5+ drinks on one occasion), and heavy drinking (2+ drinks ...
Yamada Haruhiko - - 2012
The high-affinity choline transporter (CHT1), which is specifically expressed in cholinergic neurons, constitutes a rate-limiting step for acetylcholine synthesis. We have found that the exogenous ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2 interacts with CHT1 expressed in HEK293 cells decreasing the amount of cell surface CHT1 by approximately 40%, and that small interfering RNA ...
Nakanishi R - - 2012
The outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with comorbidities were examined to determine the technical feasibility and safety of this procedure. Between January 2002 and December 2007, 111 consecutive patients with suspected stage I lung cancer, who individually had one or ...
Shin Jin Young - - 2012
A high serum uric acid (SUA) level is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about the relationship between arterial stiffness and uric acid in healthy subjects with a normal SUA level. We assessed whether a high-normal uric acid level increased arterial stiffness by measuring brachial-ankle ...
Carness Jeffrey M - - 2012
The effectiveness of the intraosseous (IO) route for fluid resuscitation remains uncertain. This study compares IO infusion rates and estimated volume expansion using clinically relevant infusion pressures with lactated Ringer's (LR) and hetastarch (HES). IO needles were placed in the sternum or tibia for infusion of HES and LR in ...
Vinuselvi Parisutham - - 2012
Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) is a key regulatory system found in most microorganisms that ensures preferential utilization of energy-efficient carbon sources. CCR helps microorganisms obtain a proper balance between their metabolic capacity and the maximum sugar uptake capability. It also constrains the deregulated utilization of a preferred cognate substrate, enabling ...
Pacella E - - 2012
Purpose. A double-blind placebo-controlled study on 68 patients suffering by Diabetic Retinopathy was aimed in order to evaluate the effectiveness of Mesoglycan in this pathology. This drug is particularly interested in treatment of disorders of microcirculation. Materials and Methods. The two treatments were randomly assigned to each patient, using a ...
Bae Deok Sung - - 2012
Protopine is an isoquinoline alkaloid contained in plants in northeast Asia. In this study, we investigated whether protopine derived from Hypecoum erectum L could suppress lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in murine macrophages (Raw 264.7 cells). Protopine was found to reduce nitric oxide (NO), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production ...
Petrini C - - 2012
Current Italian regulations allow the free storage in public biobanks within the Italian National Health Service (SSN) of voluntarily donated cord blood, which can then be made available for transplantation in Italian and foreign patients. The same regulations allow the free storage of cord blood for directed use (in other ...
Müller Nicole - - 2012
Social isolation in dementia is a growing concern as the incidence and prevalence of dementing conditions is on the rise in many societies. Positive social interactions, which foster the construction and enactment of positive interpersonal relationships and therefore positive discursive identities, make an important contribution to emotional well-being. In this ...
Hu Sheng-Shou - - 2012
Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and midterm outcomes of a simultaneous hybrid revascularization strategy for left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD), compared with conventional off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB).Methods: We compared the in-hospital and midterm outcomes of a simultaneous hybrid revascularization strategy ...
Kang Bo Ram - - 2012
Our previous study demonstrated that CopA3, a disulfide dimer of the coprisin peptide analogue (LLCIALRKK), has antibacterial activity. In this study, we assessed whether CopA3 caused cellular toxicity in various mammalian cell lines. CopA3 selectively caused a marked decrease in cell viability in Jurkat T, U937, and AML-2 cells (human ...
Zaraca F - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze factors influencing outcomes of surgical management for lower limb acute ischemia. A retrospective analysis of 490 thromboembolectomies performed in 468 patients was conducted. Perioperative and follow-up results were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analysis of clinical variables and patients' characteristics for the risk ...
Coldren Rodney L - - 2012
Congress has mandated that the Department of Defense perform screening for concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, on all service members redeploying from Iraq and Afghanistan. However, the retrospective diagnosis of concussion is complicated by the subjective nature of the complaints, overlap of symptoms with other conditions, and the normally ...
Watts Gerald F - - 2012
Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a dominantly inherited disorder present from birth that causes marked elevation in plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations and premature coronary heart disease. There are at least 45,000 people with FH in Australia and New Zealand, but most remain unrecognised and those diagnosed remain inadequately treated. ...
Lu J H - - 2012
Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) and endoscopic thyroidectomy through areola (ETA) access are among the endoscopic approaches for thyroidectomy that have been perfected, but reports comparing the two are lacking. This study evaluated the safety, postoperative recovery, and patient satisfaction of MIVAT compared with ETA. This study included 119 patients ...
Camargo-Rodriguez A V - - 2012
Gene regulatory networks (GRNs) determine the dynamics of gene expression. Interest often focuses on the topological structure of a GRN while numerical parameters (e.g. decay rates) are unknown and less important. For larger GRNs, inference of structure from gene expression data is prohibitively difficult. Models are often proposed based on ...
Dwidar Mohammed - - 2012
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus is a predatory bacterium which attacks and consumes other bacterial strains, including the well known pathogens E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium and Helicobacter pylori. This remarkable activity has been the focus of research for nearly five decades, with exciting practical applications to medical, agriculture and farming practices recently ...
Zulkifli M Z - - 2012
Incidence of urolithiasis is on the rise due to climatic changes especially global warming.The pain due to presence of ureteric stone is a well known identity but many times it may be asymptomatic or even masked by concurrent presence of backache. In the present article, we describe the case of ...
Liu Z-P - - 2012
Complex diseases are commonly believed to be caused by the breakdown of several correlated genes rather than individual genes. The availability of genome-wide data of high-throughput experiments provides us with new opportunity to explore this hypothesis by analysing the disease-related biomolecular networks, which are expected to bridge genotypes and disease ...
Tuncer Altug - - 2012
Background: Total axilloaxillary cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is an alternative peripheral cannulation technique that has the advantages of antegrade flow during CPB, monohemispherical brain perfusion in case of circulatory arrest, and achieving excellent decompression of the heart during sternotomy. The results of this strategy, particularly beyond the immediately postoperative period, are ...
Fukuda David H - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of critical velocity (CV) and isoperformance curves as an alternative to the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) two-mile running test. Seventy-eight men and women (mean +/- SE; age: 22.1 +/- 0.34 years; VO2(MAX): 46.1 +/- 0.82 mL/kg/min) volunteered to participate ...
Kusuhara Masatoshi - - 2012
Stress is believed to be harmful to not only mental but also physical health. However, proving a link between stress and disease is difficult. A recent study reported that an environmental enrichment reduced cancer growth via the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and leptin. Here, we report that mice kept in a fragrant ...
Zhang Binxue - - 2012
Burkholderia pseudomallei and B. mallei are two highly pathogenic bacteria responsible for melioidosis and glanders, respectively. Our laboratory developed hydrolysis probe-based real-time polymerase chain reaction assays targeting type three secretion system (TTS) and transposase family protein (TFP) of B. pseudomallei and B. malli, respectively. The assays were validated for target ...
Leelavathi M - - 2012
Pisa syndrome or pleurothotonus is the persistent flexion of the body and head to one side giving the appearance of the leaning tower of Pisa. It is most commonly caused by typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs. We report a case of Pisa Syndrome caused by prolonged use of high dose ...
Pierce Anya - - 2012
Workplace drug testing in Europe is governed by a patchwork of legislation - or lack of it. Other difficulties are caused by language, currency and a host of other factors, including the difficulty in defining 'safety critical'. The European Workplace Drug Testing Society's (EWDTS) history and objectives are briefly outlined. ...
Firstenberg Michael S - - 2012
We present a case of a patient who underwent successful concomitant surgical management of his massive pulmonary embolism and severe multivessel coronary disease. His presentation with shortness of breath prompted a comprehensive evaluation, which revealed both problems. This experience emphasizes the importance of considering both problems, because treating one but ...
Sikorski Cynthia - - 2012
To assess factors associated with medical disability in the U.S. Marine Corps. Case-control study enrolling 11,554 medical disability cases of U.S. enlisted Marines referred to the Physical Evaluation Board fiscal year 2001 to 2009 and 42,216 controls frequency matched to cases in a 4:1 ratio on year of accession into ...
Mao Chad Y - - 2012
Breastfeeding practices in military families have not been widely investigated. The objective of this study was to measure the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding among uniformed families and identify factors associated with breastfeeding. We conducted a prospective study of 253 mothers of new infants from July to December 2004. Initial ...
Sahiner Levent - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of 16-slice multislice, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography for the evaluation of grafts in patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods: Fifty-eight consecutive patients with CABG who underwent both MDCT and conventional invasive coronary angiography were included. The ...
Brawley Stephen - - 2012
A transition from traditional problem-based clinics to the Sports Medicine and Reconditioning Team (SMART) clinic model was completed by January 2009 at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. The SMART clinic model allows for more patients to be seen and enhances coordinated care between providers. The objective of this research is ...
Chung-Park Min S - - 2012
This study's objective was to assess the knowledge, opinions, and practices of infants' sleep positions and their association with demographics. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to survey a convenience sample of military beneficiary parents being seen at a military treatment facility in the United States. A 19-item investigator-designed questionnaire ...
Tezias Sotirios S - - 2012
We have previously identified a DNA silent region located downstream of the 3'-end of the β(major) globin gene (designated B1-559) that contains a B1 retrotransposon, consensus binding sites for erythroid specific transcription factors and shares the capacity to act as promoter in hematopoietic cells interacting with β-globin gene LCR sequences ...
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