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- - 2012
This final rule implements and finalizes provisions regarding the reporting of gross covered retiree plan-related prescription drug costs (gross retiree costs) and retained rebates by Retiree Drug Subsidy (RDS) sponsors; and the scope of our waiver authority under the Social Security Act (the Act).
- - 2012
This interim final rule with comment period implements parts of section 1104 of the Affordable Care Act which requires the adoption of a standard for electronic funds transfers (EFT). It defines EFT and explains how the adopted standards support and facilitate health care EFT transmissions.
- - 2012
'...more educated patients (Iranian women) preferred to be visited by male physicians and receive(d) health care by male nurses.'
Mohindra Sandeep - - 2012
Purpose: To describe compound elevated fractures (CEFs) of the skull vault, with radiological pictures, management problems and prognosticative factors. Method: The authors describe three cases of CEFs of the cranium, their mode of injury, clinical findings, radiological images and management problems. The authors have reviewed the existing literature regarding epidemiological ...
Ross Alastair B - - 2012
Alkylresorcinols (ARs) were first proposed as potential biomarkers of wholegrain wheat and rye intake a decade ago. Since then there has been a considerable body of research which suggests that ARs do meet most criteria of a biomarker of these foods. Results from human studies on plasma AR and their ...
Takahashi Koretaro - - 2012
Marine phospholipids are defined as phospholipids containing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid that would be more effective than fish oil, which is mostly composed of triacylglycerol, in exerting health benefits. Marine phospholipids would boost the effect of both the health-beneficial hydrophilic and the hydrophobic compounds such as cell differentiators, ...
Kim Se-Kwon - - 2012
Squalene is a polyunsaturated hydrocarbon with a formula of C(30)H(50). Squalene can be found in certain fish oils, especially shark liver oil, in high amounts and some vegetable oils in relatively smaller amounts. Human sebum also contains 13% squalene as one of its major constituents. Squalane is a saturated derivative ...
Lazarus R P - - 2012
Purpose: Tuberculosis (TB) is endemic in India and the burden of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is high. Early detection of MDR-TB is of primary importance in controlling the spread of TB. The microscopic observational drug susceptibility (MODS) assay has been described as a cost-effective and rapid method by which mycobacterial culture ...
Sakai Hideki - - 2012
The temperature-concentration phase behavior of nonionic surfactants in an aprotic imidazolium-type room-temperature ionic liquid (RT-IL) was evaluated on the basis of a combination of visual appearance, polarized optical microscopy, and small angle X-ray scattering data. Phytosterol ethoxylates (BPS-n, where n denotes oxyethylene chain lengths of 5, 10, 20, and 30) ...
Khakshoor H - - 2012
In Chaharborj, a village in north-eastern ofthe Islamic Republic of Iran, a high prevalence of congenital blindness (1.1%) has been reported. The clinical findings have not been fully described. We therefore assessed the clinical aspects of this condition in a case series of 20 congenitally blind patients and 24 of ...
Paris Leela L - - 2012
Paris LL, Chihara RK, Sidner RA, Tector AJ, Burlak C. Differences in human and porcine platelet oligosaccharides may influence phagocytosis by liver sinusoidal cells in vitro. Xenotransplantation 2012; 19: 31-39. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Abstract:  Background:  Acute thrombocytopenia was revealed as a limiting factor to porcine liver ...
Kim Se-Kwon - - 2012
Bioactive agents from marine resources have shown their valuable health beneficial effects. Therefore, increase knowledge on novel functional ingredients with biological activities from marine animal and microbe has gained much attention. Sterols are recognized as potential in development functional food ingredients and pharmaceutical agents. Marine resources, with a great diversity, ...
Sanchez D M - - 2012
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk for human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and anal cancer (AC) yet little is known regarding MSM knowledge and risk perception for these outcomes. We surveyed 116 MSM attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic and found that over a quarter (27%) did ...
Ahmed F - - 2012
Soon after the initial detection of cases of pandemic H1N1 infection in Mexico, a new H1N1 surveillance system was set up in Abu Dhabi Emirate in May 2009. This paper reports on the outbreak from May to August 2009. A total of 356 cases were confirmed from 20 May 2009 ...
Javelle Marie - - 2012
Small RNAs have crucial roles in numerous aspects of plant biology. Despite our current understanding of their biogenesis and mechanisms of action, the biological function of small RNAs, particularly miRNAs, remains largely unknown. To decipher small RNA function, knowledge about their spatiotemporal patterns of expression is essential. Here we report ...
Koppe T - - 2012
Method The position of the mental foramen was recorded in relation to the mandibular teeth and anatomical landmarks on the mandible in 76 Chinese, 46 European and 33 Indian skulls of known or calculated age at death. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey's test was used to compare ...
George S - - 2012
Purpose: Noroviruses (NoV) are increasingly recognized as an important cause for acute gastroenteritis, worldwide. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and sequencing are the methods of choice for the detection of NoVs, but there is currently no consensus about the primers to be used in these assays. Materials and Methods: ...
Sindt Christine W - - 2012
This study was designed to identify whether topical fluorescein, a common ophthalmic tool, affects laser in vivo confocal microscopy of the cornea, a tool with growing applications. Twenty-five eye care specialists were asked to identify presence or absence of fluorescein in 99 confocal micrographs of healthy corneas. Responses were statistically ...
Giri Anupam - - 2012
Marine organisms represent a valuable source of nutraceuticals and functional compounds. The biodiversity of the marine environment and the associated chemical diversity constitute a practically unlimited resource of novel active substances for the development of bioactive products. Recently, a great deal of interest has been expressed in marine-derived bioactive peptides ...
Johnston L G - - 2012
This study describes HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI) and risk factors associated with Mycoplasma genitalium among female sex workers (FSWs) in four cities in Honduras. In 2006, 795 FSWs from Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba and Comayagua were recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and tested for HIV prevalence and ...
Saita Emi - - 2012
Perilla (Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.) is a popular food as well as a traditional medicine in Japan, China, and other Asian countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of perilla on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation in vitro and in human subjects. We compared the antioxidant ...
Chan W - - 2012
Introduction The ability of a thermal diffusion system (TDS) to promote the tooth-whitening actions of a bleaching gel/bleaching activator combination product (containing a final hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) content of 10.0% (w/v)) towards discoloured 'smile-zone' teeth was examined.Methods Fifty teeth in 15 participants aged 18-62 years were investigated. The CIE tooth ...
Je Jae-Young - - 2012
Chitooligosaccharide (COS), a derivative of chitosan, can be produced by either chemical or enzymatic hydrolysis. Looking back through past research, several technological approaches have been taken to prepare COSs, and enzymatic approaches are favorable due to their environmentally friendly methods, safety, and a lack of toxicity. Similar to chitosan, COSs ...
Castronovo C - - 2012
There are no demographic data published on those with viral infections of the pubis (VIPs). We conducted a two-year prospective study to collect demographic information on patients with VIPs. Data were gathered on age, sex, diagnosis, low (≤10) or high (>10) lesion number, symptoms, how the patient discovered the lesions, ...
Ogata Fumihiko - - 2012
The potential utility of the widely available waste product, wool textiles, in the adsorption of heavy metals from industrial and other wastewater systems was investigated by proxy experimentation. Carbon fiber was prepared from dyed wool (DW) by calcination at different temperatures (400, 600, 800, and 1000 °C, referred to as ...
Senevirathne Mahinda - - 2012
Great amount of marine fish species have been identified with potential nutraceutical and medicinal values. Consequently, a number of bioactive compounds have been identified including fish muscle proteins, peptides, collagen and gelatin, fish oil, fish bone. Bioactive peptides derived from various fish muscle proteins have shown various biological activities including ...
Becker M L - - 2012
Female sex workers (FSWs) have among the highest rates of HIV infection in India. However, little is known about their HIV-specific mortality rates. In total, 1561 FSWs participated in a cohort study in Karnataka. Outcome data (mortality) were available on 1559 women after 15 months of follow-up. To gather details ...
Aysan Erhan - - 2012
Background. Postoperative peritoneal adhesions (PPAs) are an unsolved and serious problem in abdominal surgery. Method. Viscous liquids of soybean oil, octyl methoxycinnamate, flax oil, aloe vera gel, and glycerol were used in five experiments, using the same methodology for each. Liquids were applied in the peritoneal cavity before and after ...
Kim Se-Kwon - - 2012
The term probiotics stands for bacterial strain acting for the upliftment of beneficial gut microflora as well as restricting the growth of decay or disease causing bacteria and other agents. They protect us from disease causing microorganisms and are vital for the digestion of nutrients and food. Researchers are now ...
Chen Xia - - 2012
Various α(2,3) subtype selective partial GABA-A agonists are in development to treat anxiety disorders. These compounds are expected to be anxiolytic with fewer undesirable side effects, compared to nonselective GABA-A agonists like benzodiazepines. Several α(2,3) subtype selective and nonselective GABA-A agonists have been examined in healthy volunteers, using a battery ...
Vaishnavi C - - 2012
A preliminary study was conducted to see the prevalence of Clostridium difficile in patients and their environment in a tertiary care hospital. Seventy-nine fecal specimens from hospitalized patients, 176 swab samples from beds and 48 from hands of hospital personnel were investigated. Sixty-three patients received antibiotics and 14 proton pump ...
Sanmani L - - 2012
Domestic violence (DV) is prevalent in the UK. There are no national recommendations for assessment of DV in genitourinary (GU) medicine clinics. Bournemouth GU medicine clinic has a referral pathway for victims of DV. A postal questionnaire survey was carried out to determine whether GU medicine clinics across England and ...
Schneider Mårten K J - - 2012
Schneider MKJ, Seebach JD. Xenotransplantation literature update, November-December 2011. Xenotransplantation 2012; 19; 65-69. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Boschma Geertje - - 2012
Community mental health nurses had a central role in the construction of new rehabilitative practices and community mental health services in the 1960s and 1970s. The purpose of this article is, first, to explore how nurses understood and created their new role and identity in the turbulent context of deinstitutionalization. ...
- - 2012
It is 'time to abandon this historical rule of thumb'.
Kannangai R - - 2012
Human immunodeficiency virus type-2 (HIV-2) belongs to the family retroviridae which is phylogenetically clusters with SIV SM from sooty mangabeys. This virus is morphologically similar to human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) but has got only a 40% homology at the nucleotide level. There is a distinct geographical distribution of HIV-2 ...
Prabhu Priya R - - 2012
Human papilloma virus (HPV), known to be an etiological agent for genital cancers, has been suggested also to be a possible contributory agent for lung cancer. Alternatively, lung cancer, formerly considered to be solely a smoker's disease, may now be more appropriately categorised into never smoker's and smoker's lung cancer. ...
Hallett Christine E - - 2012
Oral history methodology was used to investigate the perspectives of retired British district nurses and Australian domiciliary nurses who had practiced between 1960 and 2000. Interviews yielded insights into the dramatic changes in community nursing practice during the last four decades of the 20th century. Massive changes in health care ...
Sampath Kumar N S - - 2012
Marine fish is a major source of high-quality protein, lipids, and a wide variety of vitamins and minerals. These macromolecules and their derivatives show different pharmacological activities, which make the fish as a therapeutic diet. Modern technology has made it easy to explore the therapeutic importance of fish-based diet on ...
Wasfi R - - 2012
Background: Bacterial species are capable of living as biofilm and/or planktonic forms. There is increasing evidence for the role of bacterial biofilm in various wound and urinary tract infections (UTIs). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ability of the bacteria, isolated from urinary tract infections (UTIs) ...
Singh M P - - 2012
India is endemic for both Leptospira and hepatitis E virus (HEV). The clinical presentations of these diseases have overlapping features. We report a case of superinfection of HEV in a patient with resolving leptospirosis with underlying Hodgkin lymphoma. The diagnosis of HEV in our case was established by HEV-RNA PCR ...
Bauer Natali - - 2012
The automated laser-based hematology analyzer Sysmex XT-2000iV™ provides a 5-part differential count and specific cytograms that are of great interest for large veterinary laboratories. The aim of the study was to validate the Sysmex XT-2000iV compared to the laser-based hematology analyzer ADVIA® 2120 and manual differential in dogs, cats, and ...
Senevirathne Mahinda - - 2012
Large amount of underutilized by-products are generated from the seafood processing plants annually. Consequently, researches have been initiated to investigate those discarded materials and have identified a number of bioactive compounds including bioactive peptides, collagen and gelatin, oligosaccharides, fatty acids, enzymes, calcium, water-soluble minerals, and biopolymers. Bioactive peptides derived from ...
Corrigan John D - - 2012
Objective: Determine (a) if there are sub-groups of individuals with substance use disorders distinguished by their pattern of sustaining traumatic brain injury (TBI) over the lifetime and (b) whether sub-group membership affects current functioning. Design: Secondary analysis. Settings: Outpatient substance abuse treatment programme and state prison. Participants: Two hundred and ...
Mazloomi Sahar - - 2012
Objective. To investigate the possible association of calcium and vitamin D deficiency with hypoadiponectinemia in women with PCOS. Subjects and Methods. In this case-control study, 103 PCOS cases and 103 controls included. The concentrations of calcium, 25-OH-vitamin D (25OHD), adiponectin, insulin, glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), and androgens were ...
Gu Chunyu - - 2012
Our previous study using human Daoy medulloblastoma cells showed that the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) gene was significantly upregulated (2.5-fold) in cells positive to prominin-1 antigen (CD133), a possible marker for cancer initiating cells. Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) is known to degrade PML protein and has been used for the treatment of ...
Lerner Uma - - 2012
The suicide of a patient is often experienced as a traumatic event by the clinician involved. Many articles have identified the need for education to guide clinicians through the aftermath of patient suicide; however, little has been published on development of such a curriculum, particularly for residents. This article describes ...
Sudarshan V - - 2012
Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi. Rhinosporidiosis has been reported from many countries but is endemic in certain parts of India and Sri Lanka. The common sites of involvement are the nose and nasopharynx followed by ocular tissue. Rhinosporidiosis is also known to involve many rare ...
Fernandez V A - - 2012
An HIV-infected asymptomatic woman developed acute kidney injury six weeks after initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). A renal biopsy revealed both renal-limited sarcoidosis and HIV nephropathy. The acute renal injury reversed with glucocorticoid therapy.
Dvir Yael - - 2012
The authors sought to determine the prevalence of threats and assaults by patients on psychiatry residents, their consequences, and the perceived adequacy of supports and institutional responses. Authors conducted an anonymous survey of 519 psychiatry residents in 13 psychiatry programs across the United States. The survey questionnaire inquired about residents' ...
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