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Hunkar Remziye - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Stroke is the third most common cause of mortality and is one of the most common causes of morbidity in the world. Entrapment neuropathies may cause morbidity after stroke. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the development of entrapment neuropathies in severe stroke patients within the chronic stages ...
Homentcovschi Dorel - - 2012
The paper applies the re-expansion method for analyzing planar discontinuities at the junction of two axi-symmetrical circular waveguides. The normal modes in the two waveguides are expanded at the junction plane into a system of functions accounting for velocity singularities at the corner points. As the new expansion has a ...
Li Sheng - - 2012
Modeling laryngeal aerodynamics requires specification of the glottal geometry. Changing the glottal exit radius alters the intraglottal pressure distributions in the converging glottis [Scherer et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 110, 2267-2269 (2001)]. This study examined the effects of the glottal entrance radius on the intraglottal pressure distributions for divergent ...
Bach Jean-François - - 2012
The steadily increasing frequency of insulin-dependent diabetes in several countries is best explained today by the decline of infections. Epidemiologic and animal data support this conclusion, which, however, requires confirmation by intervention trials in man. The mechanisms of the protective effect of infections on diabetes onset are diverse including competition ...
Fogerty Daniel - - 2012
The speech signal contains many acoustic properties that may contribute differently to spoken word recognition. Previous studies have demonstrated that the importance of properties present during consonants or vowels is dependent upon the linguistic context (i.e., words versus sentences). The current study investigated three potentially informative acoustic properties that are ...
Eissing Thomas - - 2012
The analgesic effect of codeine depends on the formation of the opioid metabolites morphine and morphine-6-glucuronide. Different factors have been shown or suspected to affect the safety and efficacy of codeine treatment. The objective of the current study is to assess and quantify the impact of important pharmacokinetic factors, using ...
Brink A J - - 2012
Tigecycline, the first of a new class of broad-spectrum antibiotics (the glycylcyclines), has been licensed in South Africa for the parenteral treatment of adult patients with complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs) and complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTIs). This article serves as a summary of the guideline on the appropriate use ...
Herminghaus A - - 2012
Due to demographic changes in the population of industrial nations the number of elderly patients undergoing elective or emergency procedures will rise significantly in the coming years. Anesthesia for geriatric patients is challenging for the anesthesiologist in many ways: with increasing age numerous physiological changes occur which all lead to ...
Tung Jennifer J - - 2012
Angiogenesis is the process of developing vascular sprouts from existing blood vessels. Luminal endothelial cells convert into "tip" cells that contribute to the development of a multicellular stalk, which then undergoes lumen formation. In this review, we consider a variety of cellular and molecular pathways that mediate these transitions. We ...
Soeta Yoshiharu - - 2012
In 1965, the Catholic Church liturgy changed to allow priests to face the congregation. Whereas Church tradition, teaching, and participation have been much discussed with respect to priest orientation at Mass, the acoustical changes in this regard have not yet been examined scientifically. To discuss acoustic desired within churches, it ...
Kidd Gary R - - 2012
The ability to recognize spoken words interrupted by silence was investigated with young normal-hearing listeners and older listeners with and without hearing impairment. Target words from the revised SPIN test by Bilger et al. [J. Speech Hear. Res. 27(1), 32-48 (1984)] were presented in isolation and in the original sentence ...
Wellmann Robin - - 2012
SummaryGenomic selection refers to the use of dense, genome-wide markers for the prediction of breeding values (BV) and subsequent selection of breeding individuals. It has become a standard tool in livestock and plant breeding for accelerating genetic gain. The core of genomic selection is the prediction of a large number ...
Jeong Won Tae - - 2012
This paper presents an analytical model for acoustic transmission characteristics of a cylindrical cavity system representing the acoustic resonance conditions of a Korean bell. The cylindrical cavity system consists of an internal cavity, a gap, an auxiliary cavity, and a rigid base. Since the internal cavity is connected to the ...
Wang Yu-Ran - - 2012
A two-dimensional cylindrical acoustic concentrator is designed with multilayered alternative homogeneous materials, which can focus acoustic field and enhance acoustic energy in a given area. The frequency response analysis of the acoustic concentrator demonstrates that the acoustic energy can be concentrated within the device over a wide frequency band. Meanwhile, ...
Perier Celine - - 2012
Mitochondria are highly dynamic organelles with complex structural features which play several important cellular functions, such as the production of energy by oxidative phosphorylation, the regulation of calcium homeostasis, or the control of programmed cell death (PCD). Given its essential role in neuronal viability, alterations in mitochondrial biology can lead ...
Suh Jun-Won - - 2012
In this study, the problem of sparse enrollment data for in-set versus out-of-set speaker recognition is addressed. The challenge here is that both the training speaker data (5 s) and test material (2 ∼ 6 s) is of limited test duration. The limited enrollment data result in a sparse acoustic model space for the ...
Huijts Irene - - 2012
This study investigated the relationship between coping style, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and quality of life in traumatized refugees (N = 335). Participants had resettled in the Netherlands on average 13 years prior and were referred to a Dutch clinic for the treatment of posttraumatic psychopathology resulting from persecution, ...
Cho Sangjin - - 2012
A modified loop filter design method for plucked string instruments is introduced. Previous loop filter designs do not properly represent the frequency-dependent damping of a silk stringed instrument. To solve this problem, the modified method evaluates how many harmonics are required and which portion of the sound should be chosen ...
- - 2012
†This section of the journal is intended to provide coverage of published adverse reaction case reports in relation to genetic diagnoses, pharmacogenetic findings, and individualized use of molecularly targeted therapies. These case reports have been published in recent issues of Reactions, another Adis Journals publication; more information can be found ...
Bindapersad M - - 2012
We describe a case report of gossypiboma (retained surgical swab), a rare occurrence secondary to a previous open surgical procedure. The incidence has been estimated at between 1 in 100 to 5 000 surgical procedures.
Slatkin Montgomery - - 2012
SummaryEpistasis plays important roles in evolution, for example in the evolution of recombination, but each of the current methods to study epistasis has limitations. Here, we propose a new strategy. If a quantitative trait locus (QTL) affecting a quantitative character has been identified, individuals who have the same genotype at ...
Muddeen Fasil - - 2012
The sound-field of a Caribbean low tenor steelpan is examined using nearfield acoustical holography (NAH). The particular instrument, a Bertrand Kelman low tenor, has been previously examined in a single plane using a four microphone sound intensity technique. This paper will examine the sound radiation in a cuboid space enclosing ...
Song Min-Ho - - 2012
A focused source can provide an auditory illusion of a virtual source placed between the loudspeaker array and the listener. When a focused source is generated by time-reversed acoustic focusing solution, its use as a virtual source is limited due to artifacts caused by convergent waves traveling towards the focusing ...
Shi Chuan - - 2012
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is an important mRNA quality surveillance pathway in all eukaryotes that eliminates aberrant mRNAs derived from various sources. Three NMD factor proteins, UPF1, UPF2, and UPF3 are required for the NMD process and were found to be also involved in certain stress responses in mammalian and ...
Elliott S J - - 2012
The vibration of a structure can be controlled using either a passive tuned mass damper or using an active vibration control system. In this paper, the design of a multifunctional system is discussed, which uses an inertial actuator as both a tuned mass damper and as an element in a ...
Yang Jie - - 2012
Geoacoustic inversion work has typically been carried out at frequencies below 1 kHz, assuming flat, horizontally stratified bottom models. Despite the relevance to Navy sonar systems many of which operate at mid-frequencies (1-10 kHz), limited inversion work has been carried out in this frequency band. This paper is an effort to demonstrate ...
Gray Karen A - - 2012
This pilot study explored the link between predatory lending and health care debt among Hispanics. Research shows that links exist between health care costs, debt, poverty, and race ( Draught & Silva, 2003 ; Zeldin & Rukavina, 2007 ). Prior to this study there was no research on the intersection ...
Kolls Brad J - - 2012
SUMMARY: The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of the electroencephalographic (EEG) data obtained with a BraiNet template in a practical use setting, to that obtained with standard 10/20 spaced, technologist-applied, collodion-based disk leads. Pairs of 8-hour blocks of EEG data were prospectively collected from 32 patients ...
Wang Haozhong - - 2012
For shallow water waveguides over a layered elastic bottom, modal eigenvalues can be determined by searching the locations in the complex plane of the horizontal wave number at which the complex phase function is a multiple of π [C. T. Tindle and N. R. Chapman, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 96, ...
Harder Valerie S - - 2012
Research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among youth has focused on specific subgroups from developed countries. Most of the world's youth and war-like violence, however, is concentrated in developing countries, yet there is limited mental health data within affected countries. This study focused on a random community-based sample of 552 ...
Collins Sara R - - 2012
The new Commonwealth Fund Health Insurance Tracking Survey of U.S.Adults finds nearly three of five adults in families earning less than 133 percent of the federal poverty level were uninsured for a time in 2011; two of five were uninsured for one or more years. Low- and moderate-income adults who ...
Wang Ming - - 2012
Bortezomib is well-known for inducing cell death in cancer cells, specifically through the mechanism of proteasome inhibition. Thiostrepton, a thiazole antibiotic, has also been described for its proteasome inhibitory action, although differing slightly to bortezomib in the proteasomal site to which it is active. Previously we had shown the synergic ...
Sorensen Gertrud L - - 2012
SUMMARY: Arousals occur from all sleep stages and can be identified as abrupt electroencephalogram (EEG) and electromyogram (EMG) changes. Manual scoring of arousals is time consuming with low interscore agreement. The aim of this study was to design an arousal detection algorithm capable of detecting arousals from non-rapid eye movement ...
Walker Shane C - - 2012
Ambient acoustic noise fields in the ocean are generally three dimensional in that they exhibit vertical and horizontal directivity. A model of spatially homogeneous noise is introduced in which the directionality is treated as separable, that is, the overall directionality of the field is the product of the individual directivities ...
Stefanis Leonidas - - 2012
α-Synuclein is a presynaptic neuronal protein that is linked genetically and neuropathologically to Parkinson's disease (PD). α-Synuclein may contribute to PD pathogenesis in a number of ways, but it is generally thought that its aberrant soluble oligomeric conformations, termed protofibrils, are the toxic species that mediate disruption of cellular homeostasis ...
Gérard Pierre R - - 2012
SummaryIntrinsic postzygotic reproductive isolation is thought to result from the substitution of multiple harmless or beneficial genetic differences between species that are incidentally deleterious when combined in species hybrids, causing hybrid sterility or inviability. Genetic variability for hybrid sterility or inviability phenotypes is, however, rarely assessed in natural populations. Here, ...
Marti Amparo - - 2012
Automatic speech recognition (ASR) refers to the task of extracting a transcription of the linguistic content of an acoustical speech signal automatically. Despite several decades of research in this important area of acoustic signal processing, the accuracy of ASR systems is still far behind human performance, especially in adverse acoustic ...
Tansill Erin C - - 2012
Previous research suggests that posttraumatic stress symptomatology is a partial mediator of the relationship between sexual assault history in adolescence/adulthood and physical health symptomatology (e.g., Eadie, Runtz, & Spencer-Rodgers, 2008). The current study assessed a broader, more inclusive potential mediator, trauma-related symptoms in the relationship between sexual victimization history (including ...
Feng Yan-Mei - - 2012
It is hypothesized that in sine-wave replicas of natural speech, lexical tone recognition would be severely impaired due to the loss of F0 information, but the linguistic information at the sentence level could be retrieved even with limited tone information. Forty-one native Mandarin-Chinese-speaking listeners participated in the experiments. Results showed ...
Ifejika-Jones Nneka L - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate factors that help determine the post-acute level of care for stroke patients with aspiration pneumonia (ASPNA). This was a retrospective observational study of patients admitted to the University of Texas at Houston Medical School Stroke Service between July 2004 and October 2009 with discharge dispositions ...
Klymenko Oleksiy V - - 2012
A new simulation algorithm is presented for describing the dynamics of diffusion reactions at the most common microelectrode 1D (planar, cylindrical, spherical) and 2D geometries (band, disk) for electrochemical mechanisms of any complexity and involving fast homogeneous reactions of any kind. A series of typical electrochemical mechanisms that create the ...
Livingston Scott C - - 2012
To determine if motor evoked potentials (MEPs), postconcussion signs and symptoms, and neurocognitive functions follow a similar recovery pattern after concussion. Nine collegiate athletes with acute concussion (>24 hours after injury) participated in this retrospective time series design. Transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied over the motor cortex, and MEPs were ...
Foresti Daniele - - 2012
The first five resonance modes for transport of matter in a line-focused acoustic levitation system are investigated. Contactless transport was achieved by varying the height between the radiating plate and the reflector. Transport and levitation of droplets in particular involve two limits of the acoustic forces. The lower limit corresponds ...
Sugar Jeff - - 2012
Although peritraumatic dissociation and other subjective peritraumatic reactions, such as emotional distress and arousal, have been shown to affect the relationship between a traumatic event and the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults, systematic studies with youth have not been done. In a mixed ethnic and racial sample ...
Vidal Karine - - 2012
Abstract Wolfberry (fruit of Lycium barbarum) has been prized for many years in China for its immunomodulatory property and its high specific antioxidant content. However, clear clinical evidence demonstrating the effect of wolfberry dietary supplementation is still lacking. After our earlier report showing that a proprietary milk-based wolfberry formulation (Lacto-Wolfberry) ...
Müller Ulrike C - - 2012
Biochemical and genetic evidence establishes a central role of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in Alzheimer disease (AD) pathogenesis. Biochemically, deposition of the β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides produced from proteolytic processing of APP forms the defining pathological hallmark of AD; genetically, both point mutations and duplications of wild-type APP are linked ...
Branstetter Brian K - - 2012
The directional properties of bottlenose dolphin clicks, burst-pulse, and whistle signals were measured using a five element array, at horizontal angles of 0°, 45°, 90°, 135°, and 180° relative to a dolphin stationed on an underwater biteplate. Clicks and burst-pulse signals were highly directional with directivity indices of ∼11 dB for ...
Woillez M - - 2012
Acoustic surveys often use multifrequency backscatter to estimate fish and plankton abundance. Direct samples are used to validate species classification of acoustic backscatter, but samples may be sparse or unavailable. A generalized Gaussian mixture model was developed to classify multifrequency acoustic backscatter when not all species classes are known. The ...
Bellou Nikoleta - - 2012
An increasing number of deep-sea studies have highlighted the importance of deep-sea biofouling, especially in relation to the protection of deep-sea instruments. In this study, the microbial communities developed on different substrata (titanium, aluminum, limestone, shale and neutrino telescope glass) exposed for 155 days at different depths (1500 m, 2500 m, 3500 m ...
Kramer John L K - - 2012
SUMMARY: The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of contact heat-evoked potentials (CHEPs) in neurologically healthy subjects from cervical dermatomes (C4-C8). Seventeen individuals underwent test-retest examination of cervical CHEPs. Peak latencies and peak-to-peak amplitude of N2-P2 and ratings of perceived intensity were analyzed using test-retest reliability ...
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