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Loveless Mary E - - 2012
Jak1/2 inhibition suppresses STAT3 phosphorylation that is characteristic of many cancers. Activated STAT3 promotes the transcription of factors that enhance tumor growth, survival, and angiogenesis. AZD1480 is a novel small molecule inhibitor of Jak1/2, which is a key mediator of STAT3 activation. This study examined the use of diffusion-weighted (DW) ...
Kanju Patrick M - - 2012
Cholinergic depletion in the medial septum (MS) is associated with impaired hippocampal-dependent learning and memory. Here we investigated whether long term potentiation (LTP) and synaptic currents, mediated by alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the CA1 hippocampal region, are affected following cholinergic lesions of the MS. Stereotaxic intra-medioseptal infusions ...
Gilbert Nicole M - - 2012
Cell wall proteins (CWPs) mediate important cellular processes in fungi, including adhesion, invasion, biofilm formation, and flocculation. The current model of fungal cell wall organization includes a major class of CWPs covalently bound to β-1,6-glucan via a remnant of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. This model was established by studies of ...
Flexman Molly L - - 2012
Although anti-angiogenic agents have shown promise as cancer therapeutics, their efficacy varies between tumor types and individual patients. Providing patient-specific metrics through rapid noninvasive imaging can help tailor drug treatment by optimizing dosages, timing of drug cycles, and duration of therapy-thereby reducing toxicity and cost and improving patient outcome. Diffuse ...
Tokushige Shin-Ichi - - 2012
A 45-year-old man came to our hospital with a chief complaint of occipital pain followed by gait disturbance and developing hypohidrosis on the right side 6 days after the onset. Brain MRI revealed an acute infarction in the dorsolateral part of right medulla. Bladder catheter was inserted because of dysuria. ...
Yao Jun - - 2012
The nature of the conducting filaments in many resistive switching systems has been elusive. Through in situ transmission electron microscopy, we image the real-time formation and evolution of the filament in a silicon oxide resistive switch. The electroforming process is revealed to involve the local enrichment of silicon from the ...
Zompi Simona - - 2012
The development of animal models of dengue virus (DENV) infection and disease has been challenging, as epidemic DENV does not naturally infect non-human species. Non-human primates (NHPs) can sustain viral replication in relevant cell types and develop a robust immune response, but they do not develop overt disease. In contrast, ...
Rein Alison - - 2012
The Beacon Community Cooperative Agreement Program is funding 17 communities to build and strengthen their health information technology (IT) capabilities to enhance care coordination, improve patient and population health, and reduce or restrain costs. Based on the experiences and evidence generated by these communities, the program hopes to illustrate the ...
Matsumoto Yoshimi - - 2012
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) has useful antiviral, antimicrobial, antitoxin, and antitumor properties. Previously, Mori et al. (2008) found that addition of long acyl chains (C16-18) to EGCG enhanced its anti-influenza virus activity up to 44-fold. The chemical stability of EGCG against oxidative degradation was also enhanced by acylation. We further evaluated the ...
Lee Young Hwa - - 2012
The National Cancer Screening Program (NCSP) began in 1999. In this report, we evaluate the results of the NCSP for cervical cancer in 2009 and provide participation rates in an organized cervical cancer screening program in Korea. Using data obtained from the National Cancer Screening Information System, cervical cancer screening ...
Moir John - - 2012
The use of silver nitrate for chronic wounds such as leg ulcers, as well as burns and acute wounds has already been described in literature. However there is currently conflicting evidence in the literature to support the use of silver nitrate. We present our experience on two cases with extensive ...
Schomacker Henrick - - 2012
Interferons (IFNs) play a crucial role in the antiviral immune response. Whereas the C proteins of wild-type human parainfluenza virus type 1 (WT HPIV1) inhibit both IFN-β induction and signaling, a HPIV1 mutant encoding a single amino acid substitution (F170S) in the C proteins is unable to block either host ...
McCluskey Andrew J - - 2012
Shiga-like toxins are ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIP) produced by pathogenic E. coli strains that are responsible for hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. The catalytic A(1) chain of Shiga-like toxin 1 (SLT-1), a representative RIP, first docks onto a conserved peptide SD[D/E]DMGFGLFD located at the C-terminus of all three eukaryotic ribosomal ...
Dehmer Matthias - - 2012
In this article, we tackle a challenging problem in quantitative graph theory. We establish relations between graph entropy measures representing the structural information content of networks. In particular, we prove formal relations between quantitative network measures based on Shannon's entropy to study the relatedness of those measures. In order to ...
Hoffmann Frauke - - 2012
The main component of classical contraceptives, 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), has high estrogenic activity even at environmentally relevant concentrations. Although estrogenic endocrine disrupting compounds are assumed to contribute to the worldwide decline of amphibian populations by adverse effects on sexual differentiation, evidence for EE2 affecting amphibian mating behaviour is lacking. In this ...
Crane Nicole J - - 2012
Wound care and management accounted for over 1.8 million hospital discharges in 2009. The complex nature of wound physiology involves hundreds of overlapping processes that we have only begun to understand over the past three decades. The management of wounds remains a significant challenge for inexperienced clinicians. The ensuing inflammatory ...
Liang Yajie Y Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of MR Research, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, and Cellular Imaging Section and Vascular Biology Program, Institute for Cell Engineering, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, - - 2012
One critical issue for noninvasive imaging of transplanted bioluminescent cells is the large amount of light absorption in tissue when emission wavelengths below 600 nm are used. Luciferase with a red-shifted spectrum can potentially bypass this limitation. We assessed and compared a mutant of firefly luciferase (Ppy RE9, PRE9) against ...
Buchwald Tomasz - - 2012
Raman microspectroscopy was used to examine the biochemical composition and molecular structure of extracellular matrix in spongy and subchondral bone collected from patients with clinical and radiological evidence of idiopathic osteoarthritis of the hip and from patients who underwent a femoral neck fracture, as a result of trauma, without previous ...
Demir Nedime D - - 2012
Sphenoid sinus carcinomas occur rarely compared with other sinonasal tumors. A case of sphenoid sinus squamous cell carcinoma presenting with acute, isolated optic neuropathy and visual loss is presented herein along with the related literature. A 37-year-old man with sudden decrease in visual acuity in his left eye of 15 ...
Campo David S - - 2012
Vaccine development against hepatitis C virus (HCV) is hindered by poor understanding of factors defining cross-immunoreactivity among heterogeneous epitopes. Using synthetic peptides and mouse immunization as a model, we conducted a quantitative analysis of cross-immunoreactivity among variants of the HCV hypervariable region 1 (HVR1). Analysis of 26,883 immunological reactions among ...
Chung Hyun Hoon - - 2012
To determine whether [(18)F]FDG uptake on PET/CT imaging before surgical staging has prognostic significance in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Patients with EOC were imaged with integrated PET/CT before surgical staging. Hypermetabolic lesions were measured as the standardized uptake value (SUV) in primary and metastatic tumors. SUV distribution was ...
Lehner Manfred - - 2012
We explored the possibility to target Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT) by redirecting T cells. To this aim, we considered NKG2D-ligands (NKG2D-Ls) as possible target antigens. Detailed analysis of the expression of MICA, MICB, ULBP-1, -2, and -3 in fourteen ESFT cell lines revealed consistent expression of at least ...
Choi Woo Seok - - 2012
Fabricating complex transition metal oxides with a tunable bandgap without compromising their intriguing physical properties is a longstanding challenge. Here we examine the layered ferroelectric bismuth titanate and demonstrate that, by site-specific substitution with the Mott insulator lanthanum cobaltite, its bandgap can be narrowed by as much as 1 eV, ...
Saldua Meagan A MA Texas A&M University, Department of Biomedical Engineering, 3120 TAMU, College Station, Texas, 77843-3120, - - 2012
Large area confocal microscopy may provide fast, high-resolution image acquisition for evaluation of tissue in pre-clinical studies with reduced tissue processing in comparison to histology. We present a rapid beam and stage-scanning confocal fluorescence microscope to image cellular and tissue features along the length of the entire excised mouse colon. ...
Kunimoto Hiroyoshi - - 2012
Somatic mutation of ten-eleven translocation 2 (TET2) gene is frequently found in human myeloid malignancies. Recent reports showed that loss of Tet2 led to pleiotropic hematopoietic abnormalities including increased competitive repopulating capacity of bone marrow (BM) HSCs and myeloid transformation. However, precise impact of Tet2 loss on the function of ...
Watanabe Yoshihiro - - 2012
We report 12 cases of acute encephalopathy associated with influenza H1N1-2009 treated according to Japanese guideline (2009). In all 12 cases, electroencephalogram presented diffuse or localized high-amplitude slow waves. Brain CT and MRI showed abnormalities in 4 and 6 cases, respectively. We used hypothermia therapy for 5 patients. One patient ...
Ait-Daoud Nassima - - 2012
We previously have shown that cue-induced alcohol craving and propensity for higher drinking are modulated by allelic differences in SLC6A4 associated with serotonin transporter (5-HTT) expression level alterations. In an independent study, we characterized another polymorphism, SNP rs1042173, in 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the same gene, which also altered 5-HTT ...
Salimzadeh Hamideh - - 2012
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancy in Iran. Limited data are available on knowledge and barriers in regard to CRC and screening tests in Iran. The aim of the study was to characterize knowledge, practice, and barriers toward CRC and its screening tests among an Iranian at-risk ...
Noh Joonyong - - 2012
In this study, specific oral tolerance induction using interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) could successfully treat food allergies. Allergen-specific IL-10-producing regulatory B cell (Br1) responses are characteristic in immune tolerance of food allergies. The in-vivo effects of IFN-γ on allergen-induced changes in Br1 proportion and numbers in food allergies were investigated. Oral food ...
Huang Xin - - 2012
HLA-A2 protects from EBV+ classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) in Western Europe, but it is unknown whether this protective effect also exists in the Chinese population. We investigated the association of HLA-A2 and specific common and well documented HLA-A2 subtypes with EBV stratified cHL patients (nā€Š=ā€Š161) from the northern part of ...
Zhang Yucheng - - 2012
The completion of the grape genome sequencing project has paved the way for novel gene discovery and functional analysis. Aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDHs) comprise a gene superfamily encoding NAD(P)(+)-dependent enzymes that catalyze the irreversible oxidation of a wide range of endogenous and exogenous aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes. Although ALDHs have been ...
Yu Chia-Chun - - 2012
Two new abietane type diterpenoids, namely seco-helioscopinolide (1) and 3b,7b-dihydroxy-ent-abieta-8,13-diene-12,16-olide (2) were isolated from the aerial parts of Euphorbia formosana Hayata together with helioscopinolide A (3), helioscopinolide B (4), helioscopinolide C (5) and ent-(5b,8a,9b,10a,12a)-12-hydroxyatis-16-ene-3,14-dione (6). The structures of compounds 1-6 were elucidated by analyzing their spectroscopic data and comparison with ...
Bechara William S - - 2012
The development of efficient and selective transformations is crucial in synthetic chemistry as it opens new possibilities in the total synthesis of complex molecules. Applying such reactions to the synthesis of ketones is of great importance, as this motif serves as a synthetic handle for the elaboration of numerous organic ...
Dellwig Thilo - - 2012
Long-distance stimulated emission imaging has recently been demonstrated as a novel approach for the characterization and imaging of samples containing fluorescent moieties. We present an extension of this methodology through a pump-probe setup for fluorescence lifetime determination and imaging. We measure fluorescence lifetimes of Rhodamine 6G at different solutions and ...
Kluss Thorsten - - 2012
We investigated audiovisual interactions in motion perception by behavioral experiments testing both, the influence of visual stimuli on auditory apparent motion and the influence of auditory stimuli on visual apparent motion perception. A set of loudspeakers with an LED mounted in the middle of each speaker cone was arranged in ...
Brady Steven P - - 2012
The network of roads on the landscape is vast, and contributes a suite of negative ecological effects on adjacent habitats, ranging from fragmentation to contamination by runoff. In addition to the immediate consequences faced by biota living in roaded landscapes, road effects may further function as novel agents of selection, ...
Lu Huayi - - 2012
The Notch signaling pathway plays crucial roles in regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and cell fate decision in multiple tissues and cell types. This study was designed to test the effects of enhanced Notch activity on corneal epithelium homeostasis and wound healing using the transgenic mice that overexpressed an activated ...
Reynolds Jeremy R - - 2012
The present experiment tested three hypotheses regarding the function and organization of lateral prefrontal cortex (PFC). The first account (the information cascade hypothesis) suggests that the anterior-posterior organization of lateral PFC is based on the timing with which cue stimuli reduce uncertainty in the action selection process. The second account ...
Bachmaier Kurt K Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Center of Lung and Vascular Biology, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America. - - 2012
The complement anaphylatoxin C5a has a pathogenetic role in endotoxin-induced lung inflammatory injury by regulating phagocytic cell migration and activation. Endotoxin and C5a activate the enzyme sphingosine kinase (Sphk) 1 to generate the signaling lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a critical regulator of phagocyte function. We assessed the function of Sphk1 and ...
Prince Lynne R LR Department of Infection and Immunity, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Staphylococcus aureus, a major human pathogen, exacerbates allergic disorders, including atopic dermatitis, nasal polyps and asthma, which are characterized by tissue eosinophilia. Eosinophils, via their destructive granule contents, can cause significant tissue damage, resulting in inflammation and further recruitment of inflammatory cells. We hypothesised that the relationship between S. aureus ...
Zelante Teresa - - 2012
Infections by opportunistic fungi have traditionally been viewed as the gross result of a pathogenic automatism, which makes a weakened host more vulnerable to microbial insults. However, fungal sensing of a host's immune environment might render this process more elaborate than previously appreciated. Here we show that interleukin (IL)-17A binds ...
Takeshita Toru - - 2012
Both hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and methyl mercaptan (CH(3)SH) are frequently detected in large amounts in malodorous mouth air. We investigated the bacterial composition of saliva of 30 subjects with severe oral malodor exhibiting extreme CH(3)SH/H(2)S ratios (high H(2)S but low CH(3)SH concentrations, n 5 14; high CH(3)SH but low H2S ...
Pang Yuan-Ping - - 2012
Recently we reported that the BH3-only proteins Bim and Noxa bind tightly but transiently to the BH3-binding groove of Bak to initiate Bak homo-oligomerization. However, it is unclear how such tight binding can induce Bak homo-oligomerization. Here we report the ligand-induced Bak conformational changes observed in 3D models of Noxa·Bak ...
Khan Aslam - - 2012
The case of a 23-year-old male presenting with a rash on the chest and lower limbs is presented. Work up revealed bicytopenia and plasmodium falciparum on bone marrow biopsy. Treatment with antimalarial drugs resulted in resolution of haematological abnormalities and rash.
Li Jinyang - - 2012
To determine whether eye drop instillation of the disaccharide trehalose (TT) alleviates ocular surface damage in a dry eye murine model. Dry eye was induced in mice using an intelligently controlled environmental system (ICES). After 21 days housed in the ICES without topical treatment, the mice were randomly divided into ...
Ridolfini Marco Pericoli - - 2012
Small-bowel lymphoma is not a common disease, accounting for 15-20% of primary extranodal gastrointestinal lymphomas. Peritoneal lymphomatosis is considered a rare and aggressive presentation. We describe the case of a 55 years-old man affected by T-cell intestinal lymphoma, presenting with diffuse abdominal involvement, bowel dysfunction, severe ascites and pleural effusion, ...
Ishikawa Ken - - 2012
Although terlipressin (TP) may improve renal function in cirrhotic patients, its use in sepsis remains controversial due to concerns about regional ischemia. We investigated the effects of TP on regional hemodynamics and kidney function in experimental hyperdynamic sepsis. We studied thirteen merino ewes in a university physiology laboratory using a ...
Lundgren T Kalle - - 2012
The receptor tyrosine kinase RET plays an essential role during embryogenesis in regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration. Upon glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) stimulation, RET can trigger multiple intracellular signaling pathways that in concert activate various downstream effectors. Here we report that the RET receptor induces calcium (Ca(2+)) ...
Spinelli P - - 2012
Reflection is a natural phenomenon that occurs when light passes the interface between materials with different refractive index. In many applications, such as solar cells or photodetectors, reflection is an unwanted loss process. Many ways to reduce reflection from a substrate have been investigated so far, including dielectric interference coatings, ...
Rao Aparna - - 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of phacoemulsification on the diurnal curve in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Method: 2052 patients aged 40 years and older attending our OPD services were screened, of whom 62 patients with pseudoexfoliation and associated significant cataract were selected for the study. All underwent a detailed examination ...
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