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Igai Hitoshi - - 2012
OBJECTIVES The seventh edition of the TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours was published in 2009. This study was conducted to investigate the prognostic factors of p-T1aN0M0 pulmonary adenocarcinoma, which is the earliest stage defined in the new TNM classification. METHODS We retrospectively studied 122 patients who underwent lobectomy at our ...
Monchaud Caroline - - 2012
Background: Therapeutic drug monitoring of tacrolimus is a major support to patient management and could help improve the outcome of lung transplant recipients, by minimizing the risk of rejections and infections. However, despite the wide use of tacrolimus as part of maintenance immunosuppressive regimens after lung transplantation, little is known ...
Das Samarjit - - 2012
Free Radical Research, October 2006; 40(10): 1066-1075 (Received 30 March 2006) The Editor, Editorial Board and Publisher of Free Radical Research hereby retract the following article from publication in the journal: SAMARJIT DAS, CESAR G. FRAGA & DIPAK K. DAS. 2006. Cardioprotective effect of resveratrol via HO-1 expression involves p38 ...
Kaczynski Andrew T - - 2012
Parks are valuable community resources, and auditing park environments is important for understanding their influence on physical activity and health. However, few tools exist that engage citizens in this process. The purpose of this study was to develop a user-friendly tool that would enable diverse stakeholders to quickly and reliably ...
Ruzmetov Mark - - 2012
Standard cryopreserved valved allografts (SCAs) are recognized as the benchmark for reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). However, SCAs frequently demonstrate early valve deterioration and elicit an immune response. Decellularized cryopreserved valve allografts (SynerGraft, SG) are less immunogenetic and may be more durable. This study analyzed our results ...
Cleary Susan May - - 2012
Introduction South Africa has the world's largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme. While services in the public sector are free at the point of use, little is known about overall access barriers. This paper explores these barriers from the perspective of ART users enrolled in services in two rural and two ...
Freeman Becky - - 2012
Objective This paper reviews how the tobacco industry is promoting its products online and examines possible regulation models to limit exposure to this form of marketing. Opportunities to use new media to advance tobacco control are also discussed and future research possibilities are proposed. Data sources Published articles and grey ...
Radwany Steven M - - 2012
Palliative care improves the quality of life of patients and their families through the prevention and treatment of distressing symptoms while addressing the psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of patient care. Emerging paradigms of delivery promote early involvement in the disease trajectory and specialty approaches to care. Interdisciplinary assessment and ...
- - 2012
Bertrand, R. M., Saczynski, J. S., Mezzacappa, C., Hulse, M., Ensrud, K., & Fredman, L. (2012). Caregiving and cognitive function in older women: Evidence for the healthy caregiver hypothesis. Journal of Aging and Health, 24(1), 48-66. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0898264311421367).
Bergsholm Per - - 2012
In 2003, based on a review of 7 studies, Rose et al concluded that at least one third of patients report significant memory loss 6 months or more after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). However, few details on the included studies were given. The present study evaluates factors that may have influenced ...
Liu Richard T - - 2012
Suicide is the third-leading cause of death among adolescents and nonsuicidal self-harm occurs in 13%-45% of individuals within this age group, making these phenomena major public health concerns. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth particularly are at risk for engaging in these behaviors. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about ...
Gotta Verena - - 2012
Background: The imatinib trough plasma concentration (C(min)) correlates with clinical response in cancer patients. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of plasma C(min) is therefore suggested. In practice, however, blood sampling for TDM is often not performed at trough. The corresponding measurement is thus only remotely informative about C(min) exposure. Objectives: The ...
Wong W C W - - 2012
Background Despite HIV being increasingly considered as a chronic illness, there is as yet no consensus about how primary care should be integrated with specialty care to provide optimal clinical management for people living with HIV. Objective To examine the effectiveness of shared care models of HIV between primary care ...
Proctor Robert N - - 2012
Lung cancer was once a very rare disease, so rare that doctors took special notice when confronted with a case, thinking it a once-in-a-lifetime oddity. Mechanisation and mass marketing towards the end of the 19th century popularised the cigarette habit, however, causing a global lung cancer epidemic. Cigarettes were recognised ...
Piazza Gregory - - 2012
Up to 15% of clinician-ordered doses of injectable pharmacological prophylaxis to prevent venous thromboembolism are not administered. Patient refusal accounts for nearly 50% of these omitted doses. We conducted a prospective cohort study to determine whether a patient education program would improve medication adherence to clinician-ordered injectable prophylactic anticoagulation. We ...
Denham Charles R - - 2012
Economic and medical risks threaten the national security of America. The spiraling costs of United States' avoidable healthcare harm and waste far exceed those of any other nation. This 2-part paper, written by a group of aviators, is a national call to action to adopt readily available and transferable safety ...
- - 2012
RNA interference provides a means of regulating gene expression by targeting genes for silencing in a sequence-specific manner through the design of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs). The development of such techniques for producing transgenic livestock that express shRNAs has tremendous potential for agriculture. Pictured here are cloned, transgenic bovine blastocysts ...
Wininger Kevin L - - 2012
Surgery is the mainstay of therapy for resectable-type tumors associated with non-small-cell lung cancer. Today, thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracotomy are surgical options. The prevalence of chronic pain with neuropathic symptoms is relatively high after thoracotomy. Spinal cord stimulation to treat such pain has received limited attention in the literature. The ...
Bales Isabel - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The heel is the second most common area where patients develop ressure ulcers (PrUs). Some of the interventions commonly used today to prevent PrUs have not been empirically tested, whereas other interventions have been studied and shown to prevent heel PrUs. Currently, there are no specific studies comparing a ...
Kraak Vivica I - - 2012
The IOM released an expert committee report in 2005 that assessed the nature, extent, and influence of food and beverage marketing practices on American children's and adolescents' diets and health. The report concluded that prevailing marketing practices did not support a healthful diet and offered recommendations for diverse stakeholders to ...
Merz Eberhard - - 2012
During the past 22 years 3-dimensional/4-dimensional ultrasonography (3D/4D US) has evolved into a powerful technique. In contrast to conventional 2-dimensional (2D) US that only allows imaging of single planes, 3D/4D US offers several image displays that do not exist in 2D imaging. In obstetrics, in particular, where amniotic fluid surrounds ...
Lapsia Vijay - - 2012
Uric acid has been proposed to play a role in acute kidney injury. We therefore investigated the potential influence of preoperative serum uric acid (SUA) on acute kidney injury in patients undergoing cardiovascular (CV) surgery. The primary aims were to investigate the incidence of acute kidney injury, peak serum creatinine ...
Clark Carey S - - 2012
This article examines holism and healing in nursing as a paradigm and explores at how the use of an integral approach may help articulate and guide the future of contemporary caring-healing-holistic-sustainable nursing practices.
Gayton Johnny L - - 2012
To examine visual function after targeting -2.0 diopter (D) spherical equivalent (SE) when implanting a multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) in eyes with cataract and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Three private practices. Case series. Lenses of cataractous eyes with AMD were replaced with the Acrysof Restor SN60D3 multifocal IOL, targeting an ...
Hyland Andrew - - 2012
Smoke-free policies have been an important tobacco control intervention. As recently as 20 years ago, few communities required workplaces and hospitality venues to be smoke-free, but today approximately 11% of the world's population live in countries with laws that require these places to be smoke-free. This paper briefly summarises important ...
Liberman Jonathan - - 2012
As the governing body of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the Conference of the Parties (COP) is mandated to 'keep under regular review the implementation of the Convention and take the decisions necessary to promote its effective implementation'. The COP has a range of critical roles to ...
Gaia Diego Felipe - - 2012
Tricuspid valve disease is not uncommon. Some patients with tricuspid valve disease require tricuspid replacement with bioprosthesis and, over time, may require re-interventions. Transcatheter tricuspid valve-in-valve approach has emerged as an alternative to treat dysfunctional bioprosthesis. In this article, we report a case of a patient with four previous cardiac ...
Lunshof J E - - 2012
The clinical uptake of pharmacogenomic (PGx) testing and genotype-based prescribing has been disappointingly slow even though research on PGx is thriving. A recent survey on the adoption of PGx testing by US physicians suggests that this trend may start changing for the better.(1) Acquiring more knowledge of PGx tests and ...
Rabheru Kiran - - 2012
To examine the evidence for maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (M-ECT) to help determine who, when, and how long ECT should be continued. A review of published literature on the use of maintenance ECT (M-ECT) was conducted. It focused primarily on trials published since 1997, meeting the following additional criteria: randomized controlled ...
Jo Kae-Hwa - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to understand the meaning of death metaphors seen by 133 undergraduate nursing students through open questionnaires and collage artworks, using qualitative content analysis in Korea. The 4 themes emerged: "rest-physical," "fear-psychological," "separating-social," and "new life-spiritual."
Gazdag Gábor - - 2012
To survey major aspects of obtaining informed consent to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the countries of the European Union. Leading professionals in the field of biological psychiatry in all European Union countries and Norway and Switzerland were approached by e-mail asking about the national practice of obtaining consent to ECT ...
- - 2012
SUMMARY: The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends person-to-person interventions intended to modify adolescents' risk and protective behaviors by improving their caregivers' parenting skills, on the basis of sufficient evidence of effectiveness in reducing adolescent risk behaviors. These interventions, conducted face-to-face or by telephone, occur outside of clinical settings.
Ayo-Yusuf Olalekan A - - 2012
Objective To review the implications of recommending smokeless tobacco (ST) use as a harm reduction approach for low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Method Narrative review of published papers and other data sources (including conference abstracts and internet-based information) on the health risks posed by the use of ST products for ...
Daniels Lindsay M - - 2012
Purpose The implementation and effectiveness of targeted interventions aimed at decreasing the frequency of antiretroviral-related errors in hospitalized patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are described. Summary A prospective investigation conducted at the University of North Carolina Hospitals revealed a high rate of antiretroviral-related errors occurring on admission to the ...
Ross Catherine L - - 2012
Although a health impact assessment (HIA) is a tool that can provide decision makers with recommendations to promote positive health impacts and mitigate adverse health impacts of proposed projects and policies, it is not routinely conducted on most major projects or policies. To make health a decision criterion for the ...
Kalache Karim D - - 2012
Doppler analysis of the umbilical and uterine arteries has long been performed in perinatal medicine to assess fetal health and maternal risk for preeclampsia. Several other vessels can be interrogated to obtain additional, vital information. Velocimetry in the fetal middle cerebral artery can yield evidence of the presence or absence ...
Meyer U A - - 2012
Personalized medicine is a strategy to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease so as to achieve an optimal result for the individual. The sequencing of the human genome and other technological advances have revealed the extent of genetic diversity and the relative contribution of genetic and nongenetic factors to human health, ...
Rovers Jörgen M P - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is mainly used for treating severe depression, mania, schizophrenia, and catatonia. Electroconvulsive therapy is usually without serious adverse effects. Headache is a common complaint after ECT but is usually mild and short lasting. Recurrent common migraine induced by ECT has been rarely reported. We report a ...
Santolaya Joaquin - - 2012
Twin gestations are fascinating and are also high-risk pregnancies. They account for approximately 3% of all pregnancies in the United States. Major obstetrical complications associated with twin pregnancies include hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, gestational diabetes, and preterm delivery. In addition, the death rate for twins and the rate of severe ...
Stock Christian - - 2012
Colorectal endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy) is thought to reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. Since the 1980s, its use has increased in the United States, which may be a reason for decreasing CRC incidence rates. To investigate the plausibility of a contribution of colorectal endoscopy use to the decrease in CRC ...
Arbaizar Beatriz - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is especially necessary to revert some types of depressive disease; nevertheless, it has some widely recognized adverse effects, such as short-term memory loss. Moreover, some articles have reported its potential association with falls; this literature is, however, scanty and mainly consists of case reports.We present the ...
Divincenti Louis L - - 2012
The 2011 edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals includes new recommendations for the amount of floor space that should be provided to breeding mice. When pairs or trios of continuously breeding mice are housed in shoebox cages, they may have less than this recommended ...
Woosley R L - - 2012
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was established as a regulatory agency to protect the public health by ensuring that foods, medications, devices, and many other products are safe, effective, and properly labeled. William Abrams demonstrated that scientists from the pharmaceutical industry and the FDA can work together with ...
Ryan Jane Greene - - 2012
Otherness is an important concept in understanding the health provider-patient relationship and in creating insights into how to be more present with patients and families. This is an analysis of the concept of Otherness that leads to a definition of the construct.
Zudans J Valdis - - 2012
To compare the prediction error between intraocular lenses (IOLs) available in 0.25 diopter (D) increments with a labeled manufacturing tolerance and IOLs available in 0.50 D increments without a labeled manufacturing tolerance. Community-based multidisciplinary outpatient ophthalmic practices. Comparative case series. Eyes with cataract had implantation of an IOL available in 0.25 D ...
Henriksen Lisa - - 2012
Evidence of the causal role of marketing in the tobacco epidemic and the advent of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control have inspired more than half the countries in the world to ban some forms of tobacco marketing. This paper briefly describes the ways in which cigarette marketing is ...
Rhodes Ryan E - - 2012
While the health benefits of meeting moderate/vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) guidelines have been well established, the health risks of sedentary behavior, independent of meeting MVPA guidelines, are becoming evident. Sedentary behavior may require different interventions, based on correlates that differ from MVPA. The current review aimed to collect and appraise ...
Shin M K - - 2012
Background.  Psoriasis affects not only the soft keratin of the skin, but also hard keratin, such as nails and hair. However, few studies have described the changes induced in the hair of patients with psoriasis. Aim.  Using atomic force microscopy (AFM), we investigated the morphological property of hair samples taken ...
Angle Tc - - 2012
Background  Sprinting, jumping, stopping, turning and movement initiation produce the highest forces and largest ranges of motion in the canine gait, yet very little is known about them. Objective  The purpose of this study was to develop a general kinematic sequencing of maximal movement initiation of Greyhounds using joint angles ...
Munroe Craig A - - 2012
Tandem colonoscopy is regarded as the reference standard for the evaluation of the adenoma detection rate (ADR) and adenoma miss rate (AMR) during colonoscopy. Pooled results from previous tandem studies yield AMRs of 22%. The AMR of trainees is important to estimate the number of colonoscopies required to develop competence ...
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