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Christensen Robert D - - 2012
This article focuses on the use of rEpo, IVIG, and rG-CSF in the NICU. It discusses the most recent studies and the most definitive and clinically relevant evidence, rather than summarizing all published studies. The last section was written for NICU practice groups that choose to use any of these ...
Saastamoinen Peppiina - - 2012
This study examined the association of pain with subsequent disability retirement due to all causes as well as musculoskeletal diseases, mental disorders, and a heterogeneous group of other diseases and to study whether pain has an effect of its own after taking into account long-standing illness, physician-diagnosed diseases, working conditions, ...
Goldberg Allison B AB Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W. 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2012
National political commitment is likely to become particularly crucial to sustaining antiretroviral treatment programmes in the coming decade, as donor contributions to HIV funding decreases. The objective of this study is to synthesise information on existing indicators of political commitment to respond to national HIV epidemics. The authors describe and ...
Zhu Shu-Hong - - 2012
This paper reviews the literature on smoking cessation interventions, with a focus on the last 20 years (1991 to 2010). These two decades witnessed major development in a wide range of cessation interventions, from pharmacotherapy to tobacco price increases. It was expected that these interventions would work conjointly to increase ...
Dresler Carolyn - - 2012
The Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) is currently the most potent tool for implementation of tobacco control laws across the globe. The FCTC is derivative from previously constructed international human rights conventions. These previous conventions have enforcement mechanisms, unlike the FCTC. However, the FCTC relies on state parties to ...
Rhodes Ryan E - - 2012
While the health benefits of meeting moderate/vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) guidelines have been well established, the health risks of sedentary behavior, independent of meeting MVPA guidelines, are becoming evident. Sedentary behavior may require different interventions, based on correlates that differ from MVPA. The current review aimed to collect and appraise ...
Luo Yukun - - 2012
To compare local injection of hemostatic agents and radiofrequency (RF)-assisted hemostasis in the management of bleeding from the portal vein with varying diameters and blood flow velocities. Sixteen Bama pigs were used. Laparotomy was performed to expose the liver and inner diameters and blood flow velocities of the pre-injured portal ...
Shin M K - - 2012
Background.  Psoriasis affects not only the soft keratin of the skin, but also hard keratin, such as nails and hair. However, few studies have described the changes induced in the hair of patients with psoriasis. Aim.  Using atomic force microscopy (AFM), we investigated the morphological property of hair samples taken ...
Angle Tc - - 2012
Background  Sprinting, jumping, stopping, turning and movement initiation produce the highest forces and largest ranges of motion in the canine gait, yet very little is known about them. Objective  The purpose of this study was to develop a general kinematic sequencing of maximal movement initiation of Greyhounds using joint angles ...
Munroe Craig A - - 2012
Tandem colonoscopy is regarded as the reference standard for the evaluation of the adenoma detection rate (ADR) and adenoma miss rate (AMR) during colonoscopy. Pooled results from previous tandem studies yield AMRs of 22%. The AMR of trainees is important to estimate the number of colonoscopies required to develop competence ...
Jaber Ryan - - 2012
To evaluate the influence of trypan blue staining on capsulorhexis tear resistance using a model for mechanical measurement of the entire capsular bag of fresh human cadaver eyes. John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Experimental study. After the cornea and iris were removed, ...
McNeill Ann - - 2012
Despite decades of industry innovation and regulatory efforts, the harmfulness of conventional cigarettes has not changed. There are several pitfalls in this area, including the long time lag before health impacts of product regulatory changes become apparent, the danger of consumers deriving false reassurance of lesser harm in the interim ...
Etman Astrid - - 2012
Background: up till now, the risk of falls has been expressed as falls incidence (i.e. the number of falls or fallers per 100 person-years). However, the risk of an accident or injury is the probability of having an accident or injury per unit of exposure. The FARE (Falls risk by ...
Felten Marie-Louise - - 2012
OBJECTIVES Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) occurs in 10-25% of cases and remains responsible for significant morbidity and mortality after lung transplantation. Our goal was to explore donor and recipient variables and procedure factors that could be related to early graft failure in cystic fibrosis patients receiving bilateral lung transplantation, the ...
Sonpavde Guru - - 2012
Renal dysfunction, poor performance status, and comorbidities may preclude frontline cisplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma (UC). The frequency of cisplatin-based chemotherapy administration in patients with advanced UC in community-based cancer centers is unknown. A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate chemotherapy regimens administered to patients with the ...
Doran Christopher M - - 2012
Background Given the paucity of relevant data, this study estimates the cost of intellectual disability (ID) to families and the government in Australia. Method Family costs were collected via the Client Service Receipt Inventory, recording information relating to service use and personal expense as a consequence of ID. Government expenditure ...
Theunissen Luc - - 2012
A 17-year-old girl was diagnosed with an asymptomatic Wolff-Parkinson-White pattern just before a major orthopedic operation. Three months after the surgery, she developed ventricular fibrillation-being the first manifestation of her Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The patient was successfully reanimated. radiofrequency ablation permanently interrupted conduction over a right posteroseptal accessory pathway.
Durkin Sarah - - 2012
Objective This review summarises the impact of mass media campaigns on promoting quitting among adult smokers overall and for subgroups; the influence of campaign intensity and different channels; the effects of different message types. Methods The present work updates two reviews published in 2008 by searching databases using a standard ...
Ingram Richard C - - 2012
Public health systems are charged with protecting the health and well-being of the communities they serve. Higher-performing public health systems should be associated with improved community health status. Currently, little research examines the impact of variations in public health system performance on community health outcomes. The current study seeks to ...
Crum Christopher P CP Department of Pathology, Division of Women's and Perinatal Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2012
A novel origin for pelvic serous cancer (ovarian cancer) has been proposed in the distal oviduct. This has important implications, including both early detection in high-risk women and wisdom of relying on serological tests to detect a disease that begins so close to the peritoneal surfaces. With the recent discovery ...
Evans Ib - - 2012
To determine the effect of applying plastic clips to the breech and tail of lambs on the perineal and tail bare areas, breech wrinkle, dag (faecal) accumulation, urine stain, body weight and survival of lambs, compared with unclipped, unmulesed lambs and mulesed lambs. The study was conducted on five commercial ...
Wierzbicki A S - - 2012
Lipid lowering is established as a proven intervention to reduce atherosclerosis and its complications. Statins form the basis of care but are not able to treat all aspects of dyslipidaemia. Many novel therapeutic compounds are being developed. These include additional therapeutics for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, for example, thyroid mimetics (thyroid ...
Ferguson Laura L Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK. - - 2012
To explore the accuracy of routinely collected prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) coverage data in Kenya. In case studies at two government hospitals, the authors reviewed national reporting guidelines, interviewed nurses and undertook a retrospective analysis of routine hospital data from antenatal care, maternity and HIV services from ...
Chapman Simon - - 2012
In the present work, the top 20 cited papers published in Tobacco Control between 1998 and 15 September 2011, the top 10 cited papers published after 2008 and the 50 authors whose papers have been most cited in the journal are reported. US authors dominated the most cited papers and ...
Viron Mark - - 2012
Patients with schizophrenia represent a vulnerable population with high medical needs that are often missed or undertreated. Primary care providers have the potential to reduce health disparities experienced by this population and make a substantial difference in the overall health of these patients. This review provides primary care providers with ...
Chávez-Tapia Norberto C - - 2012
There is significant geographic variation in the etiology and prognosis of acute liver failure (ALF). Since, little information is available for Latin America. We analyzed ALF mortality trends in Mexico. The rates of mortality attributable to ALF were obtained for 1998 to 2009 from the National System of Health Information ...
Diaz Jose A JA Department of Surgery, Conrad Jobst Vascular Research Laboratories, University of Michigan, A570 MSRB II, Dock #6, 1150 W. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0654, USA. - - 2012
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are a significant health care concern, representing a major source of mortality and morbidity. In order to understand the pathophysiology of thrombogenesis and thrombus resolution, animal models are necessary. Mouse models of venous thrombosis contribute to our understanding of the initiation, propagation, and resolution ...
Payette Michael - - 2012
The cost of health care in the United States is increasing. In order to help control these rising costs, all parties involved in the delivery of health care, including dermatologists, need to be part of the solution of ethically reducing the cost of delivery of care. One potential means of ...
Thomson George - - 2012
The available literature on tobacco endgames tends to be limited to discussing means, targets and difficulties. This article offers additional ideas on the key elements of endgame strategies and the circumstances in which these are likely to be adopted and implemented. We suggest such strategies will include explicit plans, will ...
Hunn Jessica - - 2012
Little is known regarding the early aspects of ovarian carcinogenesis. As a consequence, the identification of women at risk for the disease is based primarily on clinical grounds, with family history being the most important risk factor. In this review, we will discuss the various hypotheses regarding ovarian etiology and ...
Santos Mp - - 2012
The clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features of a horse with a wooden foreign body embedded in the deep portion of the right masseter muscle adjacent to the right orbit are presented. The purpose of this report is to describe the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging findings and treatment of a ...
Schoen Robert E - - 2012
Diagnosis of colorectal cancer after negative findings on endoscopic evaluation raises concern about the effectiveness of endoscopic screening. We contrast screening-detected cancers with cancers not detected by screening among participants assigned to flexible sigmoidoscopy (FSG) in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial to determine the reasons ...
Taylor Lem W - - 2012
Taylor, LW, Wilborn, CD, Kreider, RB, and Willoughby, DS. Effects of resistance exercise intensity on extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in men. J Strength Cond Res 26(3): 599-607, 2012-Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 signaling has been shown to be increased after heavy resistance exercise and suggested to ...
Jelin Elma - - 2012
Patients with fibromyalgia must simultaneously cope with chronic pain, emotional distress, activity avoidance and disability. The majority of fibromyalgia patients are women. New interventions using information and communications technologies such as Internet applications and smart phones can be used for text-based communications between providers and patients with chronic pain. The ...
Fenwick E K - - 2012
Understanding the impact of a condition from the patient's perspective is important, and different types of patient-reported outcomes or instruments are available to help with this. This review article summarises the current evidence on the impact of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and its associated vision impairment on patient-reported outcomes. We have ...
Lapsia Vijay - - 2012
Uric acid has been proposed to play a role in acute kidney injury. We therefore investigated the potential influence of preoperative serum uric acid (SUA) on acute kidney injury in patients undergoing cardiovascular (CV) surgery. The primary aims were to investigate the incidence of acute kidney injury, peak serum creatinine ...
Burrus Barri B RTI International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, - - 2012
Adolescence marks a time when many young people engage in risky behaviors with potential implications for long-term health. Interventions focused on adolescents' parents and other caregivers have the potential to affect adolescents across a variety of risk and health-outcome areas. Community Guide methods were used to evaluate the effectiveness of ...
Padilla Martín - - 2012
Liver transplantation is the only therapy for end-stage liver disease. Cirrhosis secondary to autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an indication in 4-6% of adult transplants. To describe the outcomes and recurrence of AIH in liver transplant patients. Twenty patients were retrospectively studied. The female/male ratio was 3:1, the median age was ...
Clark Carey S - - 2012
This article examines holism and healing in nursing as a paradigm and explores at how the use of an integral approach may help articulate and guide the future of contemporary caring-healing-holistic-sustainable nursing practices.
Gayton Johnny L - - 2012
To examine visual function after targeting -2.0 diopter (D) spherical equivalent (SE) when implanting a multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) in eyes with cataract and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Three private practices. Case series. Lenses of cataractous eyes with AMD were replaced with the Acrysof Restor SN60D3 multifocal IOL, targeting an ...
Hyland Andrew - - 2012
Smoke-free policies have been an important tobacco control intervention. As recently as 20 years ago, few communities required workplaces and hospitality venues to be smoke-free, but today approximately 11% of the world's population live in countries with laws that require these places to be smoke-free. This paper briefly summarises important ...
Liberman Jonathan - - 2012
As the governing body of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the Conference of the Parties (COP) is mandated to 'keep under regular review the implementation of the Convention and take the decisions necessary to promote its effective implementation'. The COP has a range of critical roles to ...
Santolaya Joaquin - - 2012
Twin gestations are fascinating and are also high-risk pregnancies. They account for approximately 3% of all pregnancies in the United States. Major obstetrical complications associated with twin pregnancies include hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, gestational diabetes, and preterm delivery. In addition, the death rate for twins and the rate of severe ...
Stock Christian - - 2012
Colorectal endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy) is thought to reduce colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. Since the 1980s, its use has increased in the United States, which may be a reason for decreasing CRC incidence rates. To investigate the plausibility of a contribution of colorectal endoscopy use to the decrease in CRC ...
Arbaizar Beatriz - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is especially necessary to revert some types of depressive disease; nevertheless, it has some widely recognized adverse effects, such as short-term memory loss. Moreover, some articles have reported its potential association with falls; this literature is, however, scanty and mainly consists of case reports.We present the ...
Divincenti Louis L - - 2012
The 2011 edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals includes new recommendations for the amount of floor space that should be provided to breeding mice. When pairs or trios of continuously breeding mice are housed in shoebox cages, they may have less than this recommended ...
Tan Alai A Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-1148, USA. - - 2012
Most studies use age as a cutoff to evaluate screening mammography utilization, generally examining screening up to age 75 years (the age-cutoff method). However, many experts and guidelines encourage clinicians to consider patient health and/or life expectancy. To compare the accuracy of estimating screening mammography utilization in older women using ...
Oyelese Yinka - - 2012
The placenta and umbilical cord are crucial to the survival and well-being of the fetus. In fact, disorders of either of these may lead to fetal death or severe morbidity. Yet, they are often not accorded appropriate attention in the prenatal sonographic examination. Similarly, the amniotic fluid often reflects the ...
Spitzer Alan R - - 2012
The introduction of methylxanthines, especially caffeine, for the treatment of apnea of prematurity has been one of the most important and effective therapies in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to date. Several trials have demonstrated its effectiveness in most NICU infants. It remains a cost-effective intervention with minimal short- ...
Hill Andrew - - 2012
No useful comparative data exist on the relative realism of commercially available devices for simulating colonoscopy. To develop an instrument for quantifying realism and provide the first wide-ranging empiric comparison. Repeated measures, observational study. Nineteen experienced colonoscopists completed cases on 4 colonoscopy simulators (AccuTouch, GI Mentor II, Koken, and Kyoto ...
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