Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 999
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Raposo-Amaral Cassio Eduardo - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The organization and management of specialized cleft lip and palate centers in developing countries are challenging because of the lack of financial resources devoted to the national health care system. The treatment of cleft lip and palate is of low priority for health care and budgets; however, gradual progress ...
Weddle DaNita - - 2012
Rapid growth in both the number of older U.S. adults and diversity in the population suggests increased and disparate demands for nutrition services. Funded by the Older Americans Act (OAA), the primary purpose of congregate meal services is to keep older Americans nutritionally secure and living independently in the community. ...
Hijnen Nicole M - - 2012
Purpose: We report on the design, performance, and specifications of a dedicated set-up for the treatment of rats on a clinical magnetic resonance high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU) system. Materials and methods: The small animal HIFU-compatible 4-channel MR receiver volume coil and animal support were designed as add-on to a ...
Omeje Innocent - - 2012
The current recommended antiretroviral treatment is a highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Although HAART has been associated with improved clinical response to treatment, issues of adherence and viral resistance are major challenges limiting its success. There is a need for an effective and safe first-line regimen, to cope with the ...
Oppenheimer Adam J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Ongoing research in bone biology has brought cutting-edge technologies into everyday use in craniofacial surgery. Nonetheless, when osseous defects of the craniomaxillofacial skeleton are encountered, autogenous bone grafting remains the criterion standard for reconstruction. Accordingly, the core principles of bone graft physiology continue to be of paramount importance. Bone ...
Shin Min Kyoon - - 2012
The extraordinary properties of graphene and carbon nanotubes motivate the development of methods for their use in producing continuous, strong, tough fibres. Previous work has shown that the toughness of the carbon nanotube-reinforced polymer fibres exceeds that of previously known materials. Here we show that further increased toughness results from ...
Leonard David A - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Fourteen face transplants have been performed worldwide since the procedure was successfully introduced in 2005. Vascularized composite tissue allotransplantation may now be considered a viable option for the repair of complex craniofacial defects, for which the results of autologus reconstruction remain suboptimal. However, the benefits must be balanced against ...
de Mendonça Marcos Rogério - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Impaction of maxillary canines can be prevented by early intervention in the mixed dentition phase after the correct diagnosis of malocclusion, reducing the complexity of the treatment. This article reports the case of a 10-year-old patient who possessed impacted maxillary canines and, after early extraction of primary canines, had ...
Al-Dawodi Rula - - 2012
The efficacy of chemotherapy can be compromised by drug resistance. This study was undertaken to describe the resistance profiles and fluoroquinolone resistance mechanism of non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) isolated from humans and poultry in West Bank, Palestine. One hundred and fifty-one isolates of NTS, obtained from humans (71) and poultry (80), collected ...
Matzuk Martin M - - 2012
Our understanding of reproduction and early embryonic development has directly enabled our manipulation of the mouse genome for tests of gene function in vivo. In this review, we reflect on the 30 years of work that followed this singular accomplishment. We profile murine models that have given us memorable insights ...
Abt Elliot - - 2012
Management of individuals presenting with partial loss of teeth is a common task for dentists. Outcomes important to the management of missing teeth in the partially absent dentition should be systematically summarized. This review recognizes both the challenges associated with such a summarization and the critical nature of the information ...
Di Nisio Marcello M Department of Medicine and Aging; Centre for Aging Sciences (Ce.S.I.), Internal Medicine Unit, “University G. D’Annunzio”Foundation, Chieti, Italy. - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) often complicates the clinical course of cancer disease. The risk is further increased by chemotherapy but the safety and efficacy of primary thromboprophylaxis in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy is uncertain. To assess the efficacy and safety of primary thromboprophylaxis in ambulatory cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. The ...
Fuxe K - - 2012
The concept of intramembrane receptor-receptor interactions and evidence for their existences were introduced in the beginning of the 1980's, suggesting the existence of receptor heterodimerization. The discovery of GPCR heteromers and the receptor mosaic (higher order oligomers, more than two) has been related to the parallel development and application of ...
Wan Derrick C - - 2012
Hypertelorbitism has been associated with a variety of congenital deformities. Appropriate timing for surgical correction remains controversial. We present our long-term experience of 33 patients with hypertelorbitism undergoing facial bipartition or orbital box osteotomy. Patients with hypertelorbitism treated with either facial bipartition or orbital box osteotomy and repositioning who had ...
Maurice Samuel M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Dermoid cysts are common periorbital lesions. They usually present early in life as mobile, palpable, well-circumscribed masses near the lateral brow. Transcranial extension of a superficial, nonmidline, periorbital dermoid cyst is rare. We report 2 cases of dermoid cysts of the lateral brow that were originally recognized during the ...
Hashemi Seyed Ali - - 2012
Pyomyositis, an acute hematogenous intramuscular bacterial infection, is an unusual disease in temperate climates. We present the case of a 15-year-old girl who was referred to our centre with pain, fever, and limping.  Magnetic resonance imaging and surgery showed diffuse pus collection in the hip abductor muscles. With increased incidence ...
Ashworth Nigel L - - 2012
Spasticity commonly affects patients with motor neuron disease. It is likely to contribute to worsening muscle dysfunction, increased difficulty with activities of daily living and deteriorating quality of life. This is an update of a review first published in 2003 and previously updated in 2005 and 2008. The objective of ...
Derry Christopher J CJ Pain Research and Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences (Nuffield Division of Anaesthetics), University of Oxford, - - 2012
Migraine is a highly disabling condition for the individual and also has wide-reaching implications for society, healthcare services, and the economy. Sumatriptan is an abortive medication for migraine attacks, belonging to the triptan family. To determine the efficacy and tolerability of oral sumatriptan compared to placebo and other active interventions ...
Robak E - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by B cell hyperactivity and defective T-cell function, and several cytokine aberrations, with high titer production of autoantibodies and clinical involvement in multiple organ systems. It can present with a wide variety of symptoms, most commonly involving the skin, joints, kidneys, ...
Tekin Muhammet - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Even endotracheal intubation could be considered safe in operations under general anesthesia; rarely, it could cause recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis as a complication. As mentioned in the literature, as a possible reason for this, anterior branches of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in the larynx could suffer from compression between ...
Wetterau Meredith - - 2012
ABSTRACT: There is tremendous interest in autologous fat grafting for the management of soft tissue volume deficiencies, treatment of cutaneous injuries, and regeneration of missing parts. Given its relative abundance and proximity to the surface of the skin, adipose tissue seems an excellent choice for the treatment of both congenital ...
Minas Harry - - 2012
Although mental disorders are a major public health problem, the development of mental health services has been a low priority everywhere, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Recent years have seen a growing understanding of the importance of population mental health and increased attention to the need to develop mental ...
Goswami Rudra Prosad - - 2012
Dengue, a mosquito-borne disease caused by a flavivirus, is recognized in over 120 countries with 3.6 billion people living in areas at risk. Neurological manifestations are infrequently reported as clinical consequences of dengue infection. Though severe dengue may be associated with meningoencephalitis, meningitis is a rare initial presentation of otherwise ...
Kirchin Vivienne - - 2012
Periurethral or transurethral injection of bulking agents is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in adult women. To assess the effects of periurethral or transurethral injection therapy on the cure or improvement of urinary incontinence in women. We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group ...
Griffin Xavier L XL Warwick Orthopaedics, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK. - - 2012
The morbidity and socioeconomic costs of fractures are considerable. The length of time to healing is an important factor in determining a patient's recovery after a fracture. Ultrasound may have a therapeutic role in reducing the time to union after fracture. To assess the effects of low intensity ultrasound (LIPUS), ...
Tello-Montoliu A - - 2012
Platelet activation is a complex mechanism of response to vascular injury and atherothrombotic disease, leading to thrombus formation. A wide variety of surface receptors -integrins, leucine-rich family receptors, G protein coupled receptors, tyrosine kinase receptors- and intraplatelet molecules support and regulate platelet activation. They are potential targets of antiplatelet therapy ...
Al-Sukhun Jehad - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to develop a finite element model (FEM) of a human orbit, of 1 patient, who had an orbital blow-out fracture, to study the effect of using a "stiffness-graded" (SG) biodegradable implant on the biomechanics of bone-fracture repair. An FEM of the orbit and the ...
Laville Maurice - - 2012
The natural history of chronic kidney disease describes a progressive decrease in renal function assessed by glomerular filtration rate. After the initial phase, this decrease is related to the occurence of physiological adaptation mechanisms independent of the primary renal disease. It is accompanied by the gradual appearance of clinical and ...
Follmann Axel - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Trepanation of the skull is a common procedure in craniofacial and neurosurgical interventions, allowing access to the innermost cranial structures. Despite a careful advancement, injury of the dura mater represents a frequent complication during these cranial openings. The technology of computer-assisted surgery offers different support systems such as navigated ...
Thornicroft Graham - - 2012
Research-generated information about mental disorders is crucial in order to establish the health needs in a given setting, to propose culturally apt and cost-effective individual and collective interventions, to investigate their implementation, and to explore the obstacles that prevent recommended strategies from being implemented. Yet the capacity to undertake such ...
Duque Vitor - - 2012
Hepatitis E infection is usually a self-limiting disease. In industrialized countries, sporadic cases of acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections have been described; their number seems to be increasing in European countries. We report the first human case of autochthonous acute hepatitis E confirmed in Portugal. Patients with acute non-A-C ...
Fitzgerald Anita - - 2012
Many studies investigating covert bacteriuria in children were conducted in the 1970s, but uncertainty remains about whether treatment is beneficial, because results are mixed in terms of treatment effectiveness. It is important to establish the effectiveness of antibiotics and other treatments to eliminate infection, reduce recurrence, and prevent long-term kidney ...
Levi Benjamin - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Craniosynostosis describes the premature pathologic partial or complete fusion of 1 or more of the cranial sutures. Over the past few decades, research on craniosynostosis has progressed from gross description of deformities to an understanding of some of the molecular etiologies behind premature suture fusion. Studies on patients with ...
Jarrahy Reza - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Symptomatic micrognathia, as seen in syndromic and isolated presentations of the Robin sequence (RS), can pose immediate an ongoing threats to the well-being of neonates. Upper airway obstruction can manifest as acute respiratory insufficiency requiring postpartum intubation and mechanical ventilation or as a mild irregularity in the oropharyngeal airflow ...
Ikeda Hiroshi - - 2012
The evolution of flight is a key innovation that may enable the extreme diversification of insects. Nonetheless, many species-rich, winged insect groups contain flightless lineages. The loss of flight may promote allopatric differentiation due to limited dispersal power and may result in a high speciation rate in the flightless lineage. ...
Ozkan Birkan Taha - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Masseter muscle hypertrophy is characterized by unilateral or bilateral enlargement of the masseter muscles affecting both females and males after puberty. Limitations on mouth opening, swollen cheek, and also tension in the region of the hypertrophied muscle are symptoms reported. Also, masseter hypertrophy can cause aesthetic and functional problems. ...
O'Shaughnessy Patrick T - - 2012
Respirable dustiness represents the tendency of a powder to generate respirable airborne dust during handling and therefore indicates the propensity for a powder to become an inhalation hazard. The dustiness of 14 powders, including 10 different nanopowders, was evaluated with the use of a novel low-mass dustiness tester designed to ...
Wong Matthew H F - - 2012
Bone is the most common site of metastatic disease associated with breast cancer (BC). Bisphosphonates inhibit osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, and novel targeted therapies such as denosumab, inhibit key pathways in the vicious cycle of bone metastases. To assess the effect of bisphosphonates on skeletal-related events (SREs), bone pain, quality of ...
Mishra Anupam - - 2012
Atrophic rhinitis is a chronic nasal pathology characterised by the formation of thick dry crusts in a roomy nasal cavity, which has resulted from progressive atrophy of the nasal mucosa and underlying bone. The common symptoms may include foetor, ozaena, crusting/nasal obstruction, epistaxis, anosmia/cacosmia and secondary infection with maggot infestation. ...
Abbott Megan M - - 2012
Endoscopically assisted suturectomy (EAS) has been reported to reduce the morbidity and cost of treating sagittal synostosis when compared with traditional open cranial vault remodeling (CVR) procedures. Whereas the former claim is well substantiated and intuitive, the latter has not been validated by rigorous cost analysis. Patient medical records and ...
Choi Matthew Seung Suk - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Nasal bone fracture is the most common of the fractures of the facial skeleton. For centuries, these injuries have been managed with closed reduction, but because of low surgeon satisfaction rates and high revision rates, open reduction is advocated in cases involving severe deviation of the nasal dorsum associated ...
Anie Kofi A - - 2012
Sickle cell disease comprises a group of genetic blood disorders. It occurs when the sickle haemoglobin gene is inherited from both parents. The effects of the condition are: varying degrees of anaemia which, if severe, can reduce mobility; a tendency for small blood capillaries to become blocked causing pain in ...
Meerpohl Joerg J - - 2012
Thalassemia is a hereditary anaemia due to ineffective erythropoiesis. In particular, people with thalassaemia major develop secondary iron overload resulting from regular red blood cell transfusion. Iron chelation therapy is needed to prevent long-term complications.Both deferoxamine and deferiprone have been found to be efficacious. However, a systematic review of the ...
Wang Meng - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to explore a new method to repair mild mandibular asymmetry using computer-aided design technique. Medical three-dimensional image reconstruction and mirror technique were applied to design individual Medpor implant before operation. A surgical procedure was performed in 9 patients with mild mandibular asymmetry according to ...
Rana Majeed - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Over the past years, computer-assisted surgery has gained more importance in craniomaxillofacial surgery, especially in primary and secondary treatment of head and neck malignancies. The basis for oncologic treatment of the head and neck region requires detailed planning using computed tomography, cone-beam computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging in ...
Bayndr Tuba - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Myiasis is a parasitic infestation of vital tissue of humans or other mammals by dipterous larvae. Human myiasis is a rare clinic condition but more frequently seen in tropical and subtropical areas, in patients who have poor hygiene, have bad housing conditions, are with mental retardation, or have advanced ...
Shah Mohammad Salman - - 2012
Diarrhoea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Most deaths are caused by dehydration and are easily preventable by using oral rehydration therapy. Early management and recognition of danger signs are key strategies in treating diarrhoeal diseases at home. This study assessed the knowledge and health-care seeking ...
Golder Su - - 2012
Background:  Search filters have been developed in MEDLINE and EMBASE to help overcome the challenges of searching electronic databases for information on adverse effects. However, little evaluation of their effectiveness has been carried out. Objectives:  To measure the sensitivity and precision of available adverse effects search filters in MEDLINE and ...
Zach Lisl - - 2012
Background:  The relationship between health information seeking, patient engagement and health literacy is not well understood. This is especially true in medically underserved populations, which are often viewed as having limited access to health information. Objective:  To improve communication between an urban health centre and the community it serves, a ...
Savjani Jignasa K - - 2011
Imidazole heterocycles containing oxygen or sulfur heteroatoms are of considerable pharmaceutical interest. Many synthetic strategies for imidazolidine-2-thione and imidazole-2-thione derivatives were developed in the past years. They have been well documented by a steadily increasing number of publications and patents. Substituted imidazolidine-2-thiones and imidazole-2-thiones display remarkable biological activities. For instance, ...
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