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Hadley James A - - 2012
Allergic rhinitis is rarely found in isolation and should be considered in the context of upper and lower airway disease.
Macedo Mariana de Souza Mde - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of iodine deficiency in children aged 6 to 71 months in Novo Cruzeiro, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. A total of 475 children, allocated by stratified probability sampling, were analyzed with respect to the iodine concentrations in the salt consumed by ...
Duncan Chad S - - 2012
Results from psychophysics and single-unit recordings suggest that color vision comprises multiple stages of processing. Postreceptoral channels appear to consist of both a stage of broadly tuned opponent channels that compare cone signals and a subsequent stage, which includes cells tuned to many different directions in color space. The chromatic ...
Corrado E - - 2012
The management of carotid artery disease includes both modifications in life style as well treatment of vascular risk factors. However, strict risk factor modification, including improved antihypertensive therapy, lipid management, smoking cessation, and antiplatelet therapy, promise for reducing the vascular event rate in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. The best medical ...
Ousey J C - - 2012
Reason for performing study: Aged mares with endometrosis suffer higher rates of pregnancy loss than young mares, due to poor placental development. Reduced uterine blood supply may be one contributory factor. Objectives: To measure uterine artery (UA) blood flow and other Doppler indices throughout pregnancy and compare placental and foal ...
Pokorny Joel - - 2012
Previous studies of color matching found that Grassmann's laws are not obeyed in the short-wavelength region when the method of maximum saturation matching is compared with Maxwell matching. The first experiment evaluated whether the discrepancy might be due to a discrimination matching range asymmetry around either the saturated or desaturated ...
McCue P M - - 2012
Reason for performing study: An understanding of the normal events of foaling, causes of dystocia and clinical outcomes is important for equine practitioners. Objectives: The goals of the present study were to: 1) evaluate factors that influence gestation length; 2) report duration of Stage II labour; 3) determine the frequency ...
Covert Douglas J - - 2012
To compare 20-gauge standard pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with transconjunctival cannulated PPV in the development of intraoperative retinal breaks and postoperative rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs) in a large series of patients undergoing PPV for macular pucker or macular hole. This study was conducted at an academic tertiary care vitreoretinal practice ...
Panorgias Athanasios - - 2012
A characteristic shift in hue and saturation occurs when colored targets are viewed peripherally compared with centrally. Four hues, one in each of the red, blue, green, and yellow regions of color space, remain unchanged when presented in the peripheral field. Apart from green, these peripherally invariant hues correspond almost ...
Bachy Romain - - 2012
The hue discrimination curve (HDC) that characterizes performances over the entire hue circle was determined by using sinusoidally modulated spectral power distributions of 1.5 c/300  nm with fixed amplitude and twelve reference phases. To investigate relationship between hue discrimination and appearance, observers further performed a free color naming and unique hue tasks. ...
Navas de Solis C - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: Recognising the presence of a necrotising component of the gastrointestinal disease may be clinically useful in ill equine neonates. Objectives: To study the importance of abdominal sonograms in neonatal foals suffering from gastrointestinal conditions and to describe the clinical features of necrotising gastrointestinal disease. Hypothesis: There ...
Gebhard F - - 2012
A hybrid operating room must serve the medical needs of different highly specialized disciplines. It integrates interventional techniques for cardiovascular procedures and allows operations in the field of orthopaedic surgery, neurosurgery and maxillofacial surgery. The integration of all steps such as planning, documentation and the procedure itself saves time and ...
Zanni Guido R - - 2012
Psoriasis-the most prevalent autoimmune disease in the United States-is a chronic, relapsing disease with variable clinical features and triggers that are both genetic and environmental. Psoriasis is an independent risk factor for mortality and is linked to numerous comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease, clinical depression, diabetes, cancer, Crohn's disease, hypertension, obesity, ...
Dain Stephen - - 2012
The Farnsworth Lantern has been accepted in many occupational applications. Modern instruments purporting to be equivalent were inevitable given the ubiquity of its use. The OPTEC900® (Stereo Optical) has been validated and adopted as an acceptable substitute, although the fail rate is slightly higher. The Farnsworth Flashlight (Gulden Ophthalmics) has ...
Jose-Cunilleras E - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: Nutritional support in critically ill neonatal foals is of great importance given their high metabolic rate and minimal stores of energy and protein. Nutrient requirements of healthy growing foals have been estimated based on daily milk intake; however, little is known about the resting energy expenditure ...
Nieves Juan Luis - - 2012
Essential to sensory processing in the human visual system is natural illumination, which can vary considerably not only across space but also along the day depending on the atmospheric conditions and the sun's position in the sky. In this work, edges derived from the three postreceptoral Luminance, Red-Green, and Blue-Yellow ...
Tekavčič Pompe Manca - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to analyze chromatic visual evoked potential (VEP) responses to isoluminant red-green (R-G) and blue-yellow (B-Y) stimuli in 30 preschool children (1.5-6  years). The predominant part of the response consisted of a positive (P) wave, which showed age-related latency changes (linear decrease). P wave latency was ...
Ferreira Rosiane Araújo - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to present a spatial analysis of the social vulnerability of teenage pregnancy by geoprocessing data on births and deaths present on the Brazilian Ministry of Health databases in order to support intersectoral management actions and strategies based on spatial analysis in neighborhood areas. The ...
Uchikawa Keiji - - 2012
To accomplish color constancy the illuminant color needs to be discounted from the light reflected from surfaces. Some strategies for discounting the illuminant color use statistics of luminance and chromaticity distribution in natural scenes. In this study we showed whether color constancy exploits the potential cue that was provided by ...
Morfeld C A - - 2012
Sirenomelia is a rare, but complex and lethal malformation. It is caused by a primary defect of the caudal axial skeleton and damage to the primary streak, which appears due to a vascular steal phenomenon. Sirenomelie appears sporadic with an incidence of 1-64 000 births. A risk for sirenomelia can be ...
McKeon Andrew - - 2012
Little information is available about the incidence of stiff-man syndrome (SMS) (the classic form or its variants) or about long-term treatment responses and outcomes. To comprehensively describe the characteristics of a cohort of patients with SMS. Observational study. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Patients  Ninety-nine patients with classic SMS vs variants ...
de Oliveira Marcelo Antunes - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and causative factors associated with self-medication in the elderly and identify the main drugs consumed without prescription. A cross-sectional population-based study with stratified clustered two-stage sampling was performed in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil in 2008 and 2009. Of the 1,515 ...
Kremers Jan - - 2012
Electroretinographic responses to cone and rod isolating stimuli and to simultaneous L- and M-cone modulation were measured at different temporal frequencies between 2 and 60 Hz and at two mean luminances using a four primary stimulator. The responses driven by each photoreceptor type had distinct characteristics. The responses to stimuli ...
Geka F - - 2012
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a serious malformation of the central nervous system which occurs between the 18th and 28th day of gestation 1 2 6. HPE can appear in different manifestations within one family. The diagnosis of HPE can be performed in an early sonographic scan between the 12th and the ...
- - 2012
Worldwide, it is thought that in 2010 around 9 million people developed tuberculosis (TB) and around 1.5 million people died from the disease.1 Standard therapy (6 months of rifampicin and isoniazid, plus pyrazinamide and ethambutol for the first 2 months) is recommended for newly diagnosed active respiratory TB and is ...
Santos Filho José Cândido S - - 2012
In J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27, 797 (2010), Yura and Hanson derived what they claim to be "a general expression for the mean level crossing rate for an arbitrary" random process following any desired probability distribution function. On the other hand, the authors themselves assert that in some cases their ...
Lee Barry B - - 2012
Receptive fields of midget ganglion cells and parvocellular lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) neurons show color-opponent responses because they receive antagonistic input from the middle- and long-wavelength sensitive cones. It has been controversial as to whether this opponency can derive from random connectivity; if receptive field centers of cells near the ...
Smiet E - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: To compare the pharmacokinetics of the fourth generation cephalosporin, cefquinome, in neonatal foals, 6-week-old foals and mature New Forest ponies in order to recommend appropriate dosage regimens for use of this drug. Methods: Cefquinome was administered i.v. at 1 mg/kg bwt twice a day (q. 12 h), ...
Laporta Gabriel Zorello - - 2012
Mosquitoes are vectors of arboviruses that can cause encephalitis and hemorrhagic fevers in humans. Aedes serratus (Theobald), Aedes scapularis (Rondani) and Psorophora ferox (Von Humboldt) are potential vectors of arboviruses and are abundant in Vale do Ribeira, located in the Atlantic Forest in the southeast of the State of São ...
Merbs Shannath L - - 2012
The World Health Organization has endorsed the bilamellar tarsal rotation procedure to correct blinding trachomatous trichiasis. Our field observations of bilamellar tarsal rotation have revealed some significant departures from this procedure as described in the World Health Organization manual. We designed the trachomatous trichiasis clamp to address the shortcomings of ...
Barbur John L - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to obtain additional information about the health of the retina (HR) by measuring the rate of loss of chromatic sensitivity with decreasing light level. The HR<sub>index</sub> is introduced to separate the effects of normal aging from early stage disease. For normal subjects the HR<sub>index</sub> ...
Vom Dorp F - - 2012
Intravesical therapy of non-muscle invasive bladder tumors has a long tradition. With regard to low grade tumors prevention of tumor recurrence remains the main endpoint, whereas in high grade tumors prevention of tumor progression is the main aim of intravesical treatment. The following article critically discusses these aspects of non-muscle ...
Melo Tatiana Eustáquia Magalhães de Pinho - - 2012
This study analyzed the spatial and temporal distribution of crude and adjusted rates of incidence of tuberculosis (TB) between 1997 and 2006, identifying areas of greatest risk to the indigenous and non-indigenous population of Rondônia State, Brazil. An ecological study was conducted analyzing municipalities and Indian reserves, using the local ...
Mandecka A - - 2012
Respiratory disorders are common and important complications in acromegaly. The prevalence of sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) in this group of patients is high (20%-50%). Consequences of SAS are serious and associated with increased morbidity and mortality, mainly as a result of cardiovascular complications. The symptoms of sleep apnea are often ...
Ollivett T L - - 2012
Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) in foals is rare and treatment has not been documented. This paper describes the clinical, haematological and ultrasonographic findings as well as attempted treatment of SAP in two 5-day-old Appaloosa fillies. Clinical signs, including colic, diarrhoea and coma, may be mistaken for sepsis or neonatal encephalopathy. ...
Frazão Paulo - - 2012
The cost-effectiveness of a modified supervised toothbrushing program was compared to a conventional program. A total of 284 five-year-old children presenting at least one permanent molar with emerged/sound occlusal surface participated. In the control group, oral health education and dental plaque dying followed by toothbrushing with fluoride dentifrice was carried ...
Mizokami Yoko - - 2012
We examined whether the perception of the colorfulness of an image is influenced by the adaptation of the visual system to natural and shuffled images with different degrees of saturation. In the experiment, observers first became adapted to several images with different levels of saturation and then their colorfulness perception ...
Feng Gaoyang - - 2012
Estimating the frequency of metameric surfaces in natural scenes usually requires many comparisons of surface colors to determine which are visually indistinguishable under one light but distinguishable-by a certain criterion degree-under another. The aim here was to test the predictive power of a simpler approach to estimation based on the ...
Jacomella V - - 2012
Renovascular disease may cause arterial hypertension and decreases renal function, which both impair endothelial function. Endothelial function, a surrogate marker for cardiovascular risk, can be assessed non-invasively by ultrasound. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty (PTRA) with stenting on endothelial ...
Himler M - - 2012
Reasons for performing the study: Hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis dysfunction is associated with morbidity and mortality in critically ill people. To date, investigations of HPT axis in critically ill foals are limited. Objectives: To document the occurrence of low thyroid hormone concentrations (presumptive nonthyroidal illness syndrome; NTIS) in critically ill newborn ...
Becvarova I - - 2012
The nutrition and nutritional status of the mare, as well as foal's nutrient intake from colostrum, milk and creep feed, are critical factors that are known to influence the growth period of the foal. Long-term effects of mare and foal nutrition are not well recognised or understood in the horse ...
Ores Liliane da Costa Lda - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess suicide risk and risk behavior in young people. A cross-sectional study in the urban area of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil was performed using systematic sampling with young people between the ages of 18 to 24 years. We measured the ...
Torralva Teresa - - 2012
Torralva T, Strejilevich S, Gleichgerrcht E, Roca M, Martino D, Cetkovich M, Manes F. Deficits in tasks of executive functioning that mimic real-life scenarios in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord 2012: 14: 118-125. © 2012 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Background:  A growing body of ...
Paramei Galina V - - 2012
Color discrimination was estimated using the Cambridge Colour Test (CCT) in 160 normal trichromats of four life decades, 20-59 years of age. For each age cohort, medians and tolerance limits of the CCT parameters are tabulated. Compared across the age cohorts (Kruskal-Wallis test), the Trivector test showed increases in the ...
Holcombe S J - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: Dysphagia due to pharyngeal dysfunction occurs in human neonates and is associated with prematurity and hypoxic episodes. This syndrome probably occurs in neonatal foals but has not been reported. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to describe 1) a series of neonatal foals with dysphagia ...
Hoenicka M - - 2012
Afterbirth tissues, which include the umbilical cord, placenta, amnion, and cord blood, are usually discarded. Recent progress in regenerative medicine suggests that we re-evaluate these tissues and assess their therapeutic potential.Firstly the unique properties of afterbirth tissues and their current use in regenerative medicine are summarised. Then we introduce the ...
Viénot Françoise - - 2012
Any stimulus can be described as composed of two components-a fundamental color stimulus that controls the three cone responses and a metameric black that has no effect on cones but can drive photoreceptors other than cones [e.g., rods and melanopsin expressing retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs)]. The Cohen and Kappauf [Am. ...
Queiroz Rejane Christine de Sousa - - 2012
This is an article on probability sampling written to describe the methods used to calculate and calibrate sample weights of the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2003) and identify sample structural variables. It presents an overview of the efforts made to retrieve information from the records used to select the ...
Kulikowski Janus J - - 2012
Cone contrast remains constant, when the same object/background is seen under different illuminations-the von Kries rule [Shevell, Vis. Res. 18, 1649 (1978)]. Here we explore this idea using asymmetric color matching. We find that von Kries adaptation holds, regardless of whether chromatic constancy index is low or high. When illumination ...
Drummond Gordon B - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Drummond GB and Vowler SL. Different Tests for a Difference: How do we do Research? Microcirculation 19: 188-191, 2012.
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